Alcohol_ the Individual_ and Society

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					                       Alcohol, the Individual, and Society

                       Long term effects of Alcohol on the Body
Changes to the brain
          Loss of verbal skills, memory, spatial skills
Changes to the cardiovascular system
          Damage to heart muscle
          Enlarged heart
          High blood pressure
Liver problems
          Fats build up in the liver and can not be broken down
          Cirrhosis - liver tissue is replace by scar tissue and leads to liver failure
Digestive system problems
          Irritation to stomach lining can led to stomach ulcers
Pancreas problems
          Lining of the pancreas swells and blocks passage from pancreas to small
          intestine. Pancreatic juice, needed for digestion, can destroy the pancreas itself
                        Alcohol during Pregnancy
• Alcohol will pass from the mother to the fetus. The fetus’s liver
  is not developed enough to process alcohol. The result is the
  risk of permanent damage to the fetus.

• Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)- a group of alcohol related
  defects that include physical and mental problems
    –   Heart, liver, kidney defects
    –   Small head or deformities of the hands, feet, or face
    –   Vision and hearing problems are common
    –   Slow growth, coordination problems
    –   Difficulty with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving

    – FAS is the leading known cause of mental retardation in the United
                   Effects on Family and Society
• There are an estimated 14 million alcoholics in the United States

• Alcohol use is a major factor in the four leading causes of
  accidental deaths - car accidents, falls, drownings, and house

• 40% of violent crimes are alcohol related

• Two-thirds of victims who encounter domestic violence report that
  alcohol was a factor in the crime

• Nearly half of all homicide victims have alcohol in their

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