The Roots of Revolution
Ch 12 Sec 1
The Old Regime
Under the Old Regime, society was
divided into three Estates or Classes.
First Estate -- Made up of the clergy.
Comprised 1% of the population
A lot of power and Money.
Did not have to pay taxes.
Higher church officials neglected the spiritual
2% of the population
Few paid taxes.
Held highest positions in army and government.
Inherited title and land.
Many nobles were poor……
As a group they were irresponsible.
97% of the population.
Most important members
were the Bourgeoisie
They were educated and
The rest were peasants
Were forced to pay Tithe
(10% of income) to
Have no voice and were
under control of King and
King Louis XVI was faced with increasing
Tried to tax first two estates but they resisted.
King was forced to call for the meeting of the Estates
Each Estate had a single vote.
Third Estate wanted each individual to vote.
King ignored them, Third estate was locked out.
They took the Tennis Court Oath.
Declared themselves the National Assembly.
French Revolution began.