The Roots of Revolution Ch 12 Sec 1 The Old Regime Under the Old Regime, society was divided into three Estates or Classes. First Estate -- Made up of the clergy. Comprised 1% of the population A lot of power and Money. Did not have to pay taxes. Higher church officials neglected the spiritual duties. Old Regime Second Estate. The Nobility 2% of the population Few paid taxes. Held highest positions in army and government. Inherited title and land. Many nobles were poor…… As a group they were irresponsible. Old Regime Third Estate 97% of the population. Most important members were the Bourgeoisie (Middle Class). They were educated and wealthy The rest were peasants Paid taxes Were forced to pay Tithe (10% of income) to church. Have no voice and were under control of King and nobles. Estates General King Louis XVI was faced with increasing financial difficulties. Tried to tax first two estates but they resisted. King was forced to call for the meeting of the Estates General. Each Estate had a single vote. Third Estate wanted each individual to vote. King ignored them, Third estate was locked out. They took the Tennis Court Oath. Declared themselves the National Assembly. French Revolution began.
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