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Francis 'Frank' Archibald_ Jr._ CIA CLANDESTINE SERVICE Covert Head

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					Francis "Frank" Archibald, Jr. 9 May 2013
A sends: Archibald is reported to be the new head of CIA Clandestine Service.
http://archibaldinsc.blogspot.com/2010_12_01_archive.html (Blog of Francis X. Archibald, Sr.)
Francis "Frank" X. Archibald, Jr. and his wife, Lisa, of McLean, VA.
http://cryptome.org/2013-info/05/archibald/francis-archibald.htm


Francis "Frank" Archibald, Jr., CIA Covert Head
Google Maps
Google Street View
Gina Cheri Haspel, ex-Acting CIA Covert Head 9 May 2013

Thanks to John Dinges, Gawker, HENRIE @CHIMUCHYO, Cryptocomb and others.

Gina Cheri Haspel served as acting head of CIA Clandestine Service until the recent appointment
of Francis "Frank" Archibald. Both are "undercover" officers -- until now.

In addition to information provided by others above, Haspel served in New York in 2012
(MyLife) and in Ethiopia in 1988 (Key officers of foreign service posts (May 1988)).

From Intelius (addresses 1 and 2 are London):

http://cryptome.org/2013/05/gina-cheri-haspel.htm
L0 annotations

Hide

cia

enhanced interrogation




TAYLOR BERMANPFollowOUnfollow 5/08/13 11:34pm Yesterday 11:34pm g 37,208L 24Edit


CIA's New Chief Spy Outed on
Twitter
The day after it was announced that the interim head of the CIA's National Clandestine
Service had been passed over for the full time position because of her connections to the
agency's controversial interrogation program, her successor was reportedly outed on
Twitter by former Washington Post assistant editor John Dinges and then confirmed by
veteran intelligence reporter Jeff Stein. According to Dinges, the new head of the
program will be Francis “Frank” Archibald, a former station chief in Latin America.

Archibald — who is still undercover — is, according to the Washington Post's description of the
person who took the job, a "57-year-old longtime officer who served tours in Pakistan and
Africa." As Jeff Stein, a former reporter at the Washington Post and Salon.com, reports,
Archibald was likely chosen because there's “not a whiff of scandal in his background. The
Associated Press notes he reportedly ran the covert operation that removed Serbian President
Slobodan Milosevic from power, an operation which is “regarded inside the CIA as a blueprint
for running a successful peaceful covert action.”

According to the Washington Post and the Associated Press, the woman – who is also
undercover but is identified by Stein as “Gina” — who held the position in an interim basis for
the past two months before Archibald's appointment played an “extensive role” in an
interrogation program that relied on torture.

From the Washington Post:

She had run a secret prison in Thailand where two detainees were subjected to waterboarding
and other harsh techniques. She later helped order the destruction of videotapes of those
interrogation sessions.

…

After running the “black site” in Thailand, the female officer returned to headquarters for a
senior job at the CIA’s Counterterrorism Center. Former colleagues said she lobbied for several
years to have the videotapes taken in Thailand destroyed.

From the AP:

The officer briefly ran a secret CIA prison where accused terrorists Abu Zubayada and Abd al-
Nashiri were waterboarded in 2002, according to current and former U.S. intelligence officials.
She was also a senior manager in the Counterterrorism Center helping run operations in the war
on terror.

She also served as chief of staff to Jose Rodriguez and helped carry out his order that the CIA
destroy its waterboarding videos. That order prompted a lengthy Justice Department
investigation that ended without charges.

Stein also points out that CIA Director John Brennan and two members of his selection advisory
panel, Stephen Kappes and former acting CIA Director John McLaughlin, who were in charge of
the decision to pass over “Gina,” were themselves involved with similarly controversial
interrogation and rendition programs.

Brennan was the deputy executive director at the CIA when the controversial programs began.
Kappes, according to a CIA source Stein spoke with in 2009, "helped tailor the agency's paper
trail regarding the death of a detainee at a secret CIA interrogation facility in Afghanistan,
known internally as the Salt Pit." And McLaughlin, who was deputy director of the CIA during
much of the time waterboarding took place, told TIME in 2011 that the program "wasn't set out
to torture people. It was never conceived of as a torture program."
    The CIA denies that “Gina's” former role with the interrogation program played a part in the
    decision.

    “The assertion she was not chosen because of her affiliation with the CT mission is absolutely
    not true,” said CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Youngblood, using an abbreviation for
    counterterrorism.

    Youngblood described the new head of the spy service as a “talented and effective intelligence
    officer” who “is known for his collaborative and inclusive leadership style.” She noted that
    women will fill two other senior CIA jobs.

    According to the Associated Press, the identities of both agents are "widely known in
    intelligence, diplomatic and journalistic circles."

    [And Magazine/Image of Getty]

    To contact the author of this post, email taylor@gawker.com

    http://gawker.com/new-head-of-cias-national-clandestine-service-outed-on-497210480




    HENRIE
    @CHIMUCHYO
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1.                         @
                     HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO4m

     @Cryptomeorg @dangerroom It maybe slam DUNK too? Ms Gina Haspel Minister Counsellor for
     Coordination Affairs https://p10.secure.hostingprod.com/@spyblog.org.uk/ssl/ldl/ldl-December-2010.htm …

     View conversation Hide conversation


                            Embed Tweet



2.                         @
                     HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO52m

     @Cryptomeorg @dangerroom Additionally, former ADDO Hugh Turner was thought to be her predecessor as
     Chief of London Station.

     View conversation Hide conversation


                            Embed Tweet



3.                         @
                     HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO1h

     @SpyScroll and she was also chief of staff to Jose Rodriguez, former NCS director, and chief of CIA Lodon
     station

     View conversation Hide conversation


                            Embed Tweet



4.                         @
                     HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO1h

     @SpyScroll the woman who was denied a promotion to NCS chief might be Gina Haspel. She served as
     Deputy to Hank Crumpton at NR division.

     View conversation Hide conversation

                             Embed Tweet



5.                           @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO1h

     @dangerroom and She was thought chief of CIA's london station as Minister Counsellor for coornation affairs
     from 2009 to 2011

     View conversation Hide conversation


                             Embed Tweet



6.                           @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO1h

     @dangerroom I think that a female officer whoose promotion to NCS chief might be Gina Haspel. She serverd
     as Deputy to Hank Crumpton at NRD

     View conversation Hide conversation


                             Embed Tweet



7.                           @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO2h

     http://cryptome.org/2013-info/05/archibald/francis-archibald.htm … I think that a female CIA officer whoose
     promotion to NCS chief was denied might be Gina Haspel @Cryptomeorg

     Expand Collapse


                             Embed Tweet



8.                           @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO5h

     @Gawker Morever I think that the woman might be Gina Haspel. She was CIA london chief and served as
     Deputy chief to hank Crumpton at NRD.

     View conversation Hide conversation


                              Embed Tweet



9.                           @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO5h

      @nycjim I think that she might be Gina Haspel. She was chief of London station from 2008 2011 as Minister
      counsellor for coordnation affairs

      View conversation Hide conversation


                              Embed Tweet

                              Embed Tweet



10.                          @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO6h

      @mlcalderone she serverd as chief of staff to jose rodriguez, former DDO NCS director and served as deputy
      chief NRD to hank Crumpton.

      View conversation Hide conversation


                              Embed Tweet



11.                          @
                       HENRIE‫ ‏‬CHIMUCHYO6h

      @mlcalderone I think that this acting Director , the female officer who is recjected her promotion might be
      Gina Haspel .

      View conversation Hide conversation


                              Embed Tweet


      https://twitter.com/CHIMUCHYO
Tweets being published state that "Maya" is Gina Cheri Haspel, check
https://twitter.com/CHIMUCHYO
Gina Haspel is the officer that ran a CIA Black Site in Thailand and other
unknown locations.
She was also CC in a few emails that were released discussing CIA "Ghost
Flights"
Also former COS at London.
Born in 1956.
Gina currently lives in Washington, District Of Columbia.
Before that, Gina lived in New York, NY in 2012.
Before that, Gina lived in Dpo, AE from 2001 to 2011.


Former Washington Post assistant editor John Dinges reveals the CIA's new
head of the National Clandestine Service is
Francis X Archibald.




State Dept Cable written by Frank Archibald. - MORE HERE
In 2010 he was under "Diplomatic" cover under the U.S State Dept. He made a
political donation to Will Hurd in 2010.




http://cryptocomb.org/



Reference id   08ISLAMABAD
                         aka Wikileaks id #164310   ?
Subject        Embassy Legal Attache Named In Case Involving Alleged Bagram Detainee

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Thu, 31 Jul 2008 12:09 UTC

Classification CONFIDENTIAL

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2586.html

Referenced     08ISLAMABAD2690
by

History               Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                      Wed, 1 Dec 2010 00:01: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                       differs
                      Thu, 8 Sep 2011 13:29: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                       goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO0274 OO RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2586 2131209 ZNY CCCCC ZZH O 311209Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8141 INFO
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8950 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 8409
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 3591 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0109
RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY 5854 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4640
RHMFISS/FBI WASHDC PRIORITY RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY RHMFISS/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
PRIORITY RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY

Hide headerC O N F I D E N T I A L ISLAMABAD 002586 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/31/2018 TAGS:
PGOV [Internal Governmental Affairs], PK [Pakistan], PREL [External Political Relations], PTER [Terrorists and
Terrorism] SUBJECT: EMBASSY LEGAL ATTACHE NAMED IN CASE INVOLVING ALLEGED BAGRAM
DETAINEE Classified By: CDA Frank Archibald, Reasons 1.4 (b), (d) ¶1. (C) Summary: Islamabad
attorney Javed Jaffrey filed a habeas corpus petition July 29 on behalf of Dr. Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani
national who allegedly has been held and mistreated at the Bagram Theater Internment Facility since
2004. The court July 30 ordered Interior Ministry Secretary Shah to report on her alleged detention on
September 9. End summary. ¶2. (C) Islamabad attorney Javed Iqbal Jaffery (who also represents
Pakistani nuclear scientist AQ Khan) filed a habeas corpus petition with the Islamabad High Court (IHC)
July 29 on behalf of Aafia Siddiqui a Pakistani national. There have been a spate of press reports about
Siddiqui following a July 6 press conference in which UK journalist Yvonne Ridley accused the U.S. of
holding and perhaps torturing an unnamed woman in solitary confinement since 2004 at the Bagram
Theater Internment Facility. The IHC ordered Interior Ministry Secretary Kamal Shah to report on
Siddique's status, but for now the court exempted the other respondents, who include the Embassy's
Legal Attach, President Musharraf, and former President Farooq Ahmad Leghari. The IHC adjourned the
case until September 9. ¶3. (C) According to press reports, Jaffrey claims in the petition that U.S.
operatives kidnapped Dr. Aafia Siddiqui, with her three children, in 2004 as part of an al Qaeda hunt. It
also charged that the U.S. moved her to the Bagram Theater Internment Facility with the help of Pakistani
authorities. Jaffrey also petitioned the IHC to ask the respondents whether Siddiqui had been killed in
detention. If she is alive, Jaffrey wants her presented before the Court and given compensation for the
illegal detention. ¶4. (C) On July 19 the Senate Functional Committee on Human Rights called on the
Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs to address the issue of any detained Pakistani women in
Bagram or Guantanamo Bay. Previously the MFA had denied knowledge of the alleged detention of any
Pakistani woman. ¶5. (C) Comment: It is unclear who is paying Jaffrey and/or orchestrating this campaign
on Siddiqui's behalf. Siddiqui has family living in Karachi and noted politicians, including Imran Khan,
continue their vocal support for her cause. Bagram officials have assured us that they have not been
holding Siddiqui for the last four years, as has been alleged. End comment. ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2586&q=archibald%20frank




16 cables found.

<    2002         2003           2004           2005   2006      2007           200820092010



    Cable date           All classifications (16)                    All origins (16)
                 Show                                         from


    2010,        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration — Embassy Canberra
    Feb 21       (Australia)


    2010,        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration — Embassy Canberra
    Feb 21       (Australia)


    2010,        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration — Embassy Canberra
    Feb 21       (Australia)


    2010,        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration — Embassy Canberra
    Feb 21       (Australia)


    2008,        Telecom Workers End Strike That Tied Up Lines And Threatened Nationwide Shutdown —
    Aug 4        Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)


    2008, Jul Under Secretary Jeffery,s Meeting With Nwfp Governor And Local Businessmen —
    31        Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)


    2008, Jul Telecom Workers End Strike That Tied Up Lines And Threatened Nationwide Shutdown —
    31        Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)


    2008, Jul
              Natural Gas Price Hikes Turn Back Reforms — Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)
    31


    2008, Jul Embassy Legal Attache Named In Case Involving Alleged Bagram Detainee — Embassy
 31          Islamabad (Pakistan)


 2008, Jul State Bank Of Pakistan Raises Key Discount Rate As Multiple Pressures Weigh On The
 30        Economy — Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)


 2008, Jul
           Lawyers' Movement: On The Move Or Outmaneuvered? — Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)
 26


 2008, Jul Pakistan: Mesa's Iaea Board Seat "difficult" Because Of Prior Consensus — Embassy
 26        Islamabad (Pakistan)


 2008, Jul Pakistan: Will Not Support Pro-iran Nam Fm Statement If Contrary To Iaea — Embassy
 26        Islamabad (Pakistan)


 2008, Jul Pakistan: "strategic Interest" To Prevent Uranium Supplies To Iran — Embassy Islamabad
 26        (Pakistan)


 2008, Jul Pakistan Likely To Attend Gi Conference On Legal/regulatory Frameworks — Embassy
 26        Islamabad (Pakistan)


 2008, Jul
           Ambassador Briefs Mod On Security Issues — Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)
 11


http://cablegatesearch.net/search.php?q=Archibald+Pakistan&qo=0&qc=0&qto=2010-02-28



Reference id    10CANBERRA
                             aka Wikileaks id #249807   ?



Subject        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration

Origin         Embassy Canberra (Australia)

Cable time     Sun, 21 Feb 2010 22:56 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2010/02/10CANBERRA122.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras        ? Comments

VZCZCXRO9014 RR RUEHPT DE RUEHBY #0122/01 0522256 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 212256Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY CANBERRA TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 2678 INFO RHEHAAA/WHITE
HOUSE WASHINGTON DC RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 9752 RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW
DELHI 1239 RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 1529 RUEHBN/AMCONSUL MELBOURNE 6991
RUEHPT/AMCONSUL PERTH 5258 RUEHDN/AMCONSUL SYDNEY 5271

Hide header UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 CANBERRA 000122 SENSITIVE SIPDIS DEPARTMENT FOR:
S/SRAP (Mary Beth Goodman/Robert Deutsch) E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: ECIN [Economic Integration and
Cooperation], PREL [External Political Relations], ECON [Economic Conditions], AS [Australia; Ashmore and
Cartier Islands; Lord Howe Island; Macquarie Island; Tasmania] SUBJECT: AUSTRALIA: CONFERENCE ON
SOUTH ASIAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ¶1. (SBU) SUMMARY: An academic conference examined
East Asian development models for application to South Asia. Experts concluded that without further
reform, neither the Chinese nor the traditional western development model may be appropriate for South
Asia. Conference attendees stressed the constructive role the G20 can play in South Asian development.
Australian Trade Minister Crean emphasized support for trade capacity building. While little integration
has thus far taken place among South Asian economies, momentum for change is growing. END
SUMMARY. Looking for the Right Development Model ---------------------------------------- ¶2. (SBU) Regional
experts discussed prospects for Asian economic integration at an Australian National University
conference on February 11-12, 2010. South Asian trade, especially inter-regional trade, is surprisingly low
due to political and regulatory barriers. Bilateral trade between India and Pakistan in recent years has
amounted to only USD1-2 billion. Participants discussed whether countries such as India, Pakistan or Sri
Lanka should adopt development models fashioned after the Washington or Beijing "consensus." Early
reforms adopted along these lines in the Philippines and Pakistan were ultimately reversed by
subsequent regimes. ¶3. (SBU) Comparisons between Chinese and Indian growth noted the
comparatively small size of Indian manufacturing (around 15% of GDP) and the role of residual
regulations in constraining manufactured exports, where China retains a lead. This regulatory problem will
become significant as 200 million more Indians join the labor market by 2020. As a result of its resistance
to allow the vast rural movement of labor to the cities that has occurred in China, Indian economic
adjustment will likely be more difficult than in China. ¶4. (SBU) South Asia is making progress on
economic and structural reform, but the pace of change differs significantly between countries. India has
embraced gradual reform but trade barriers remain. Peking University Professor Yiping Huang stressed
the need for a "clear policy" approach, instead of a 5-year plan, and political will for reform. Huang said
the Chinese economic development plan, far from being a detailed plan, consists of a gradual approach
that is interspersed with policy adjustments which address problems as they arise. Trade Capacity
Building ------------------------ ¶5. (SBU) Australian Trade Minister Simon Crean addressed the conference
and described a new Australian policy nexus between aid and trade, which views investment in "trade
capacity building" (TCB) as a major component. TCB aims to assist developing economies with trade
negotiations and subsequent "behind-the-border" reform measures that will increase the benefits from
opening new markets. Crean said Australia incorporated TCB into the recent FTA between Australia, New
Zealand and ASEAN. Director of the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Edward
Archibald confirmed to Econoff there is now closer interaction between Austrade, Australia's trade
promotion agency, and other aid agencies, though more is needed. A Role for the G20 -------------------- ¶6.
(SBU) Indian Professor Rajiv Kumar called for a greater institutionalization of the G20 and the creation of
a secretariat to Qinstitutionalization of the G20 and the creation of a secretariat to facilitate its economic
role, which could extend into development policy. Indonesian Trade Vice Minister Mahendra Siregar also
called appealed for the G20 to become a vehicle through which to overcome crises and more easily allow
structural adjustment in both developed and developing countries. He noted that Indonesia is sympathetic
to discussion of financial matters related to climate change, despite BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China)
opposition to such a discussion. ¶7. (SBU) Deputy Secretary for Department of the Prime Minister Gordon
de Brouwer is closely involved with the G20 and underscored to Econoff Australia's support for the more
inclusive G20 architecture and its ability to react faster to crises than global institutions which are "too
slow and bureaucratic." De Brouwer suggested the G20 can help advance development goals through its
role as a catalyst for policy improvements in other fora, which could include development policy.
CANBERRA 00000122 002 OF 002 ¶8. (SBU) Comment: Most scholars at the conference seemed to
agree that the adoption of various reforms by some South Asian governments has led to a consensus in
favor of reform among their populations, which should help make the momentum for reform self-
sustaining. BLEICH

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=10CANBERRA122&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    10CANBERRA
                             aka Wikileaks id #249806   ?



Subject        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration

Origin         Embassy Canberra (Australia)

Cable time     Sun, 21 Feb 2010 22:42 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2010/02/10CANBERRA121.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO9011 RR RUEHPT DE RUEHBY #0121/01 0522242 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 212242Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY CANBERRA TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 2676 INFO RHEHAAA/WHITE
HOUSE WASHINGTON DC RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC RUCPDOC/DEPT OF
COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 9750 RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW
DELHI 1237 RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 1527 RUEHBN/AMCONSUL MELBOURNE 6989
RUEHPT/AMCONSUL PERTH 5256 RUEHDN/AMCONSUL SYDNEY 5269

Hide header UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 CANBERRA 000121 SENSITIVE SIPDIS DEPARTMENT FOR
S/SRAP (Mary Beth Goodman and Robert Deutsch) E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: ECIN [Economic Integration
and Cooperation], PREL [External Political Relations], ECON [Economic Conditions], AS [Australia; Ashmore and
Cartier Islands; Lord Howe Island; Macquarie Island; Tasmania] SUBJECT: AUSTRALIA: CONFERENCE ON
SOUTH ASIAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ¶1. (SBU) SUMMARY: An academic conference examined
East Asian development models for application to South Asia. Experts concluded that without further
reform, neither the Chinese nor the traditional western development model may be appropriate for South
Asia. Conference attendees stressed the constructive role the G20 can play in South Asian development.
Australian Trade Minister Crean emphasized support for trade capacity building. While little integration
has thus far taken place among South Asian economies, momentum for change is growing. END
SUMMARY. Looking for the Right Development Model ---------------------------------------- ¶2. (SBU) Regional
experts discussed prospects for Asian economic integration at an Australian National University
conference on February 11-12, 2010. South Asian trade, especially inter-regional trade, is surprisingly low
due to political and regulatory barriers. Bilateral trade between India and Pakistan in recent years has
amounted to only USD1-2 billion. Participants discussed whether countries such as India, Pakistan or Sri
Lanka should adopt development models fashioned after the Washington or Beijing "consensus." Early
reforms adopted along these lines in the Philippines and Pakistan were ultimately reversed by
subsequent regimes. ¶3. (SBU) Comparisons between Chinese and Indian growth noted the
comparatively small size of Indian manufacturing (around 15% of GDP) and the role of residual
regulations in constraining manufactured exports, where China retains a lead. This regulatory problem will
become significant as 200 million more Indians join the labor market by 2020. As a result of its resistance
to allow the vast rural movement of labor to the cities that has occurred in China, Indian economic
adjustment will likely be more difficult than in China. ¶4. (SBU) South Asia is making progress on
economic and structural reform, but the pace of change differs significantly between countries. India has
embraced gradual reform but trade barriers remain. Peking University Professor Yiping Huang stressed
the need for a "clear policy" approach, instead of a 5-year plan, and political will for reform. Huang said
the Chinese economic development plan, far from being a detailed plan, consists of a gradual approach
that is interspersed with policy adjustments which address problems as they arise. Trade Capacity
Building ------------------------ ¶5. (SBU) Australian Trade Minister Simon Crean addressed the conference
and described a new Australian policy nexus between aid and trade, which views investment in "trade
capacity building" (TCB) as a major component. TCB aims to assist developing economies with trade
negotiations and subsequent "behind-the-border" reform measures that will increase the benefits from
opening new markets. Crean said Australia incorporated TCB into the recent FTA between Australia, New
Zealand and ASEAN. Director of the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Edward
Archibald confirmed to Econoff there is now closer interaction between Austrade, Australia's trade
promotion agency, and other aid agencies, though more is needed. A Role for the G20 -------------------- Q-
------------------- ¶6. (SBU) Indian Professor Rajiv Kumar called for a greater institutionalization of the G20
and the creation of a secretariat to facilitate its economic role, which could extend into development policy.
Indonesian Trade Vice Minister Mahendra Siregar also called appealed for the G20 to become a vehicle
through which to overcome crises and more easily allow structural adjustment in both developed and
developing countries. He noted that Indonesia is sympathetic to discussion of financial matters related to
climate change, despite BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) opposition to such a discussion. ¶7. (SBU)
Deputy Secretary for Department of the Prime Minister Gordon de Brouwer is closely involved with the
G20 and underscored to Econoff Australia's support for the more inclusive G20 architecture and its ability
to react faster to crises than global institutions which are "too slow and bureaucratic." De Brouwer
suggested the G20 can help advance development goals through its CANBERRA 00000121 002 OF 002
role as a catalyst for policy improvements in other fora, which could include development policy. ¶8. (U)
Comment: Most scholars at the conference seemed to agree that the adoption of various reforms by
some South Asian governments has led to a consensus in favor of reform among their populations, which
should help make the momentum for reform self-sustaining. BLEICH

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=10CANBERRA121&q=archibald%20pakistan
Reference id    10CANBERRA
                             aka Wikileaks id #249805   ?



Subject        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration

Origin         Embassy Canberra (Australia)

Cable time     Sun, 21 Feb 2010 22:41 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2010/02/10CANBERRA120.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO9009 RR RUEHPT DE RUEHBY #0120/01 0522241 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 212241Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY CANBERRA TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 2674 INFO RHEHAAA/WHITE
HOUSE WASHINGTON DC RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 9748 RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW
DELHI 1235 RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 1525 RUEHBN/AMCONSUL MELBOURNE 6987
RUEHPT/AMCONSUL PERTH 5254 RUEHDN/AMCONSUL SYDNEY 5267

Hide header UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 CANBERRA 000120 SENSITIVE SIPDIS DEPARTMENT FOR:
S/SRAP (Mary Beth Goodman/Robert Deutsch) E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: ECIN [Economic Integration and
Cooperation], PREL [External Political Relations], ECON [Economic Conditions], AS [Australia; Ashmore and
Cartier Islands; Lord Howe Island; Macquarie Island; Tasmania] SUBJECT: AUSTRALIA: CONFERENCE ON
SOUTH ASIAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ¶1. (SBU) SUMMARY: An academic conference examined
East Asian development models for application to South Asia. Experts concluded that without further
reform, neither the Chinese nor the traditional western development model may be appropriate for South
Asia. Conference attendees stressed the constructive role the G20 can play in South Asian development.
Australian Trade Minister Crean emphasized support for trade capacity building. While little integration
has thus far taken place among South Asian economies, momentum for change is growing. END
SUMMARY. Looking for the Right Development Model ---------------------------------------- ¶2. (SBU) Regional
experts discussed prospects for Asian economic integration at an Australian National University
conference on February 11-12, 2010. South Asian trade, especially inter-regional trade, is surprisingly low
due to political and regulatory barriers. Bilateral trade between India and Pakistan in recent years has
amounted to only USD1-2 billion. Participants discussed whether countries such as India, Pakistan or Sri
Lanka should adopt development models fashioned after the Washington or Beijing "consensus." Early
reforms adopted along these lines in the Philippines and Pakistan were ultimately reversed by
subsequent regimes. ¶3. (SBU) Comparisons between Chinese and Indian growth noted the
comparatively small size of Indian manufacturing (around 15% of GDP) and the role of residual
regulations in constraining manufactured exports, where China retains a lead. This regulatory problem will
become significant as 200 million more Indians join the labor market by 2020. As a result of its resistance
to allow the vast rural movement of labor to the cities that has occurred in China, Indian economic
adjustment will likely be more difficult than in China. ¶4. (SBU) South Asia is making progress on
economic and structural reform, but the pace of change differs significantly between countries. India has
embraced gradual reform but trade barriers remain. Peking University Professor Yiping Huang stressed
the need for a "clear policy" approach, instead of a 5-year plan, and political will for reform. Huang said
the Chinese economic development plan, far from being a detailed plan, consists of a gradual approach
that is interspersed with policy adjustments which address problems as they arise. Trade Capacity
Building ------------------------ ¶5. (SBU) Australian Trade Minister Simon Crean addressed the conference
and described a new Australian policy nexus between aid and trade, which views investment in "trade
capacity building" (TCB) as a major component. TCB aims to assist developing economies with trade
negotiations and subsequent "behind-the-border" reform measures that will increase the benefits from
opening new markets. Crean said Australia incorporated TCB into the recent FTA between Australia, New
Zealand and ASEAN. Director of the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Edward
Archibald confirmed to Econoff there is now closer interaction between Austrade, Australia's trade
promotion agency, and other aid agencies, though more is needed. A Role for the G20 -------------------- ¶6.
(SBU) Indian Professor Rajiv Kumar called for a greater institutionalization of the G20 and the creation of
a secretariat to Qinstitutionalization of the G20 and the creation of a secretariat to facilitate its economic
role, which could extend into development policy. Indonesian Trade Vice Minister Mahendra Siregar also
called appealed for the G20 to become a vehicle through which to overcome crises and more easily allow
structural adjustment in both developed and developing countries. He noted that Indonesia is sympathetic
to discussion of financial matters related to climate change, despite BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China)
opposition to such a discussion. ¶7. (SBU) Deputy Secretary for Department of the Prime Minister Gordon
de Brouwer is closely involved with the G20 and underscored to Econoff Australia's support for the more
inclusive G20 architecture and its ability to react faster to crises than global institutions which are "too
slow and bureaucratic." De Brouwer suggested the G20 can help advance development goals through its
role as a catalyst for policy improvements in other fora, which could include development policy.
CANBERRA 00000120 002 OF 002 ¶8. (SBU) Comment: Most scholars at the conference seemed to
agree that the adoption of various reforms by some South Asian governments has led to a consensus in
favor of reform among their populations, which should help make the momentum for reform self-
sustaining. BLEICH

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=10CANBERRA120&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    10CANBERRA
                             aka Wikileaks id #249804   ?



Subject        Australia: Conference On South Asian Economic Integration

Origin         Embassy Canberra (Australia)

Cable time     Sun, 21 Feb 2010 22:41 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2010/02/10CANBERRA119.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras        ? Comments

VZCZCXRO9007 RR RUEHPT DE RUEHBY #0119/01 0522241 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 212241Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY CANBERRA TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 2672 INFO RHEHAAA/WHITE
HOUSE WASHINGTON DC RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 9746 RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW
DELHI 1233 RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 1523 RUEHBN/AMCONSUL MELBOURNE 6985
RUEHPT/AMCONSUL PERTH 5252 RUEHDN/AMCONSUL SYDNEY 5265

Hide header UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 CANBERRA 000119 SENSITIVE SIPDIS DEPARTMENT FOR:
S/SRAP (Mary Beth Goodman/Robert Deutsch) E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: ECIN [Economic Integration and
Cooperation], PREL [External Political Relations], ECON [Economic Conditions], AS [Australia; Ashmore and
Cartier Islands; Lord Howe Island; Macquarie Island; Tasmania] SUBJECT: AUSTRALIA: CONFERENCE ON
SOUTH ASIAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ¶1. (SBU) SUMMARY: An academic conference examined
East Asian development models for application to South Asia. Experts concluded that without further
reform, neither the Chinese nor the traditional western development model may be appropriate for South
Asia. Conference attendees stressed the constructive role the G20 can play in South Asian development.
Australian Trade Minister Crean emphasized support for trade capacity building. While little integration
has thus far taken place among South Asian economies, momentum for change is growing. END
SUMMARY. Looking for the Right Development Model ---------------------------------------- ¶2. (SBU) Regional
experts discussed prospects for Asian economic integration at an Australian National University
conference on February 11-12, 2010. South Asian trade, especially inter-regional trade, is surprisingly low
due to political and regulatory barriers. Bilateral trade between India and Pakistan in recent years has
amounted to only USD1-2 billion. Participants discussed whether countries such as India, Pakistan or Sri
Lanka should adopt development models fashioned after the Washington or Beijing "consensus." Early
reforms adopted along these lines in the Philippines and Pakistan were ultimately reversed by
subsequent regimes. ¶3. (SBU) Comparisons between Chinese and Indian growth noted the
comparatively small size of Indian manufacturing (around 15% of GDP) and the role of residual
regulations in constraining manufactured exports, where China retains a lead. This regulatory problem will
become significant as 200 million more Indians join the labor market by 2020. As a result of its resistance
to allow the vast rural movement of labor to the cities that has occurred in China, Indian economic
adjustment will likely be more difficult than in China. ¶4. (SBU) South Asia is making progress on
economic and structural reform, but the pace of change differs significantly between countries. India has
embraced gradual reform but trade barriers remain. Peking University Professor Yiping Huang stressed
the need for a "clear policy" approach, instead of a 5-year plan, and political will for reform. Huang said
the Chinese economic development plan, far from being a detailed plan, consists of a gradual approach
that is interspersed with policy adjustments which address problems as they arise. Trade Capacity
Building ------------------------ ¶5. (SBU) Australian Trade Minister Simon Crean addressed the conference
and described a new Australian policy nexus between aid and trade, which views investment in "trade
capacity building" (TCB) as a major component. TCB aims to assist developing economies with trade
negotiations and subsequent "behind-the-border" reform measures that will increase the benefits from
opening new markets. Crean said Australia incorporated TCB into the recent FTA between Australia, New
Zealand and ASEAN. Director of the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Edward
Archibald confirmed to Econoff there is now closer interaction between Austrade, Australia's trade
promotion agency, and other aid agencies, though more is needed. A Role for the G20 -------------------- ¶6.
(SBU) Indian Professor Rajiv Kumar called for a greater institutionalization of the G20 and the creation of
a secretariat to Qinstitutionalization of the G20 and the creation of a secretariat to facilitate its economic
role, which could extend into development policy. Indonesian Trade Vice Minister Mahendra Siregar also
called appealed for the G20 to become a vehicle through which to overcome crises and more easily allow
structural adjustment in both developed and developing countries. He noted that Indonesia is sympathetic
to discussion of financial matters related to climate change, despite BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China)
opposition to such a discussion. ¶7. (SBU) Deputy Secretary for Department of the Prime Minister Gordon
de Brouwer is closely involved with the G20 and underscored to Econoff Australia's support for the more
inclusive G20 architecture and its ability to react faster to crises than global institutions which are "too
slow and bureaucratic." De Brouwer suggested the G20 can help advance development goals through its
role as a catalyst for policy improvements in other fora, which could include development policy.
CANBERRA 00000119 002 OF 002 ¶8. (SBU) Comment: Most scholars at the conference seemed to
agree that the adoption of various reforms by some South Asian governments has led to a consensus in
favor of reform among their populations, which should help make the momentum for reform self-
sustaining. BLEICH

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=10CANBERRA119&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #164704   ?



Subject        Telecom Workers End Strike That Tied Up Lines And Threatened Nationwide Shutdown

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Mon, 4 Aug 2008 10:57 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/08/08ISLAMABAD2606.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO2665 RR RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2606 2171057 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 041057Z
AUG 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8169 INFO
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY
WASHINGTON DC RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 3604 RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 8960
RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR 4652 RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE 5866 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL
KARACHI 0124

Hide headerUNCLAS ISLAMABAD 002606 SENSITIVE SIPDIS E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: PGOV [Internal
Governmental Affairs], PREL [External Political Relations], ECON [Economic Conditions], ECPS [Communications
and Postal Systems], EINT [Economic and Commercial Internet], PK [Pakistan] SUBJECT: TELECOM
WORKERS END STRIKE THAT TIED UP LINES AND THREATENED NATIONWIDE SHUTDOWN
Summary - - - - ¶1. (U) Communications giant Pakistan Telecommunication Co. Ltd. (PTCL) has been
beset by labor-relations controversies since its privatization in 2005. In the latest chapter, PTCL
employees went on a two-week strike, which ended July 30, over the introduction of the Unified Pay
Scale (UPS). The employees' union rejected the UPS and threatened a nationwide shutdown of the
telephone system until PTCL management capitulated with a new compensation package offering a 35
percent pay increase. The strike noticeably affected PTCL's ability to provide service to its customers,
although cell phone use mitigated much of the strike's effects for the general public. End summary. ¶2. (U)
After the UAE telecom company, Etisalat, took over PTCL following privatization, management agreed to
convert the employee pay-scales from the government structure to a corporate package which would be
commensurate with market salary rates. The result was the UPS, which was uniformly rejected by the
PTCL employees as a "fraud" and part of an on-going effort by Etisalat to deprive them of their basic
rights. The UPS package offered an 8-13 percent pay increase for non-management workers. Although
this would have raised salaries above the previous government pay-scale rates, the PTCL employees
argued that a 40 percent increase was needed to bring their salaries up to market levels. ¶3. (U)
Speaking to the press, Pakistan Telecom Employees Union Collective Bargaining Agent (CBA), President
Ziauddin, said that since its privatization, the PTCL had resorted to various tactics to exploit the
employees, and gave the recently introduced Voluntary Separation Scheme (VSS) as an example. He
said that although the VSS was meant to be voluntary, terminology such as "redundant" and "surplus, not
needed" were used in the calculation worksheets, indicating that the scheme is a euphemism for lay-offs
and implying that workers who did not opt for the scheme would be fired. The Voluntary Separation
Scheme has not been offered to non-management staff, although 25,000 to 30,000 management grade
officers left PTCL under the VSS. Ziauddin claimed that the UPS was a similar exploitative effort aimed at
non-management workers. ¶4. (U) After withdrawing the UPS on July 17, PTCL did not immediately
propose a new compensation package, prompting the employees to continue striking. The striking
workers also demanded the reinstatement of some 200 to 250 workers who were fired outright as well as
direct action against police involved in a baton-charge and teargas skirmish with PTCL employees
protesting outside the company's headquarters in Islamabad. On July 30, after protracted negotiations,
PTCL announced a 35 percent pay increase for non-management grade workers. The workers' union
accepted this offer, bringing the strike to an end. ¶5. (U) The striking workers had threatened on July 28
to overwhelm the circuits forcing a nationwide shutdown of the telephone system. In response, the Army
Rangers were ordered on stand-by on national security grounds to assist local and provincial police in
preventing sabotage. PTCL's ability to provide service has been severely affected by the strike which has
led to long delays in handling customer complaints and new line installation requests. Emergency
services' help lines were also adversely affected in some areas. PTCL has 4.4 million customers
nationally. Comment - - - - ¶6. (U) As Pakistan's largest telecoms provider, PTCL's woes created a ripple
effect beyond the telecommunications industry as services that depend on reliable telecommunications
were affected. Cell phone services (especially from service providers other than PTCL) were not
significantly impacted and mitigated much of the strike's effects on the general public. Service delays can
also affect internet connections in addition to the terrestrial telephone network. PTCL was the source of a
technical error that caused the global outage of the popular video-sharing website, YouTube.com, in
February 2008. End comment. ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2606&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id   08ISLAMABAD
                           aka Wikileaks id #164327   ?
Subject       Under Secretary Jeffery,s Meeting With Nwfp Governor And Local Businessmen

Origin        Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time    Thu, 31 Jul 2008 13:19 UTC

ClassificationCONFIDENTIAL

Source        http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2590.html

References 08PESHAWAR390

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras        ? Comments

P 311319Z JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8147 INFO
AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY AMCONSUL KARACHI
PRIORITY AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY CDR USCENTCOM
MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY DEPT OF
ENERGY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY SECDEF
WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY CIA WASHDC PRIORITY USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL
PRIORITY

Hide headerC O N F I D E N T I A L ISLAMABAD 002590 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/30/2018 TAGS:
ECON [Economic Conditions], PGOV [Internal Governmental Affairs], PK [Pakistan], PTER [Terrorists and
Terrorism], MOPS [Military Operations], ETRD [Foreign Trade], EIND [Industry and Manufacturing],
PREL [External Political Relations] SUBJECT: UNDER SECRETARY JEFFERY,S MEETING WITH NWFP
GOVERNOR AND LOCAL BUSINESSMEN REF: A) PESHAWAR 390 B) 07 PESHAWAR 129 Classified
By: A/DCM E. CANDACE PUTNAM FOR REASONS 1.4 (B) AND (D) Summary ------- ¶1. (C) Under
Secretary for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs Reuben Jeffery met with Northwest Frontier
Province (NWFP) Governor Owais Ghani July 18. The Governor outlined the province,s three-pronged
strategy of the selective application of force, political dialogue, and socio-economic development for
dealing with militants. He called attention to recent operations in Bara and Hangu as examples of
application of force and said the government was building economic development capacity in those
regions. The Under Secretary also discussed trade and development issues and the Reconstruction
Opportunity Zone (ROZ) legislation with a cross section of NWFP and Federally Administrated Tribal
Areas (FATA) businessmen. The Governor,s Three Part Strategy ---------------------------------- ¶2. (C) The
Governor outlined a three-pronged strategy for dealing with extremism. Where there is a clearly
demonstrated justification, he said security forces would use selective application of force. Political
dialogue would follow, aimed at re-invigorating tribal systems, such as the jirga and council of elders,
which would pave the way for social and economic development. Economic Development --------------------
¶3. (C) The Governor highlighted four sectors where he hoped economic development would occur:
education, agriculture, infrastructure and energy. Regarding education, he mentioned school building
projects in Bajaur and proposals to re-invigorate the cadet college system (Note: the cadet college
system offers education from 7th year until university with an emphasis on military style discipline.
Seventy percent of cadet college students are scholarship students from underprivileged backgrounds.
End note.) In respect to agriculture, he outlined several projects that, it is hoped, would reclaim land for
farming, including small dam and embankment projects. In regard to infrastructure, the Governor spoke
about cooperation between the Narcotics Affairs Section and the provincial government to build and
improve roads. Regarding energy, he detailed a plan, now being tested as pilot projects in two villages, to
create solar energy systems by the end of this year. He asked for additional funding from the USG, noting
that the province,s capacity was growing for successful grant planning, implementing and monitoring.
Recent Operations in Bara and Hangu ----------------------------------- ¶4. (C) The Governor said there were
good relations between the provincial government and the military in NWFP, pointing out that FATA falls
outside of that jurisdiction. He outlined the Bara operation (Ref A) and said that the operation had been
successful in regaining governmental authority and destroying militant bases. The local government must
now work to keep Bara clear. The military waited longer than expected to move into Hangu because of a
shortage of troops, but, once it occurred, the operation allowed police to move back into Hangu. The
Governor emphasized that the forces in Swat should not be diluted. He said he hopes to bolster the
police by recruiting 1,000 new police over the next month. ROZ Sites --------- ¶5. (C) The Governor
emphasized his support for ROZ implementation. He said the provincial government has identified a
number of sites for ROZ development, such as the marble city in Mohmand Agency (Ref B) and several
existing industrial parks, such as the one in Hayatabad on the border of Khyber Agency. Feedback from
Local Business Leaders ------------------------------------ ¶6. (U) Under Secretary Jeffery also met with local
business leaders from NWFP and FATA. In the meeting, the group spoke about the increasing activities
of militants. They detailed what the business community had been able to accomplish over the past year
to counter this, including installing a private security force to protect Hayatabad Industrial Park against
militant activities in neighboring Khyber Agency. The group noted that job creation and retraining are key
to the security of FATA and NWFP and that ROZ legislation would facilitate additional employment for
populations vulnerable to militancy. ¶7. (U) This cable has been cleared by Under Secretary Jeffery's staff.
ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2590&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #164325   ?



Subject        Telecom Workers End Strike That Tied Up Lines And Threatened Nationwide Shutdown

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Thu, 31 Jul 2008 13:15 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2589.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies
Extras        ? Comments

VZCZCXRO0310 RR RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2589 2131315 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 311315Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8146 INFO RUCPDOC/DEPT
OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 3596 RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 8955
RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR 4645 RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE 5859 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL
KARACHI 0114

Hide headerUNCLAS ISLAMABAD 002589 SENSITIVE SIPDIS E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: PGOV [Internal
Governmental Affairs], PREL [External Political Relations], ECON [Economic Conditions], ECPS [Communications
and Postal Systems], EINT [Economic and Commercial Internet], PK [Pakistan] SUBJECT: TELECOM
WORKERS END STRIKE THAT TIED UP LINES AND THREATENED NATIONWIDE SHUTDOWN
Summary - - - - ¶1. (U) Communications giant Pakistan Telecommunication Co. Ltd. (PTCL) has been
beset by labor-relations controversies since its privatization in 2005. In the latest chapter, PTCL
employees went on a two-week strike, which ended July 30, over the introduction of the Unified Pay
Scale (UPS). The employees' union rejected the UPS and threatened a nationwide shutdown of the
telephone system until PTCL management capitulated with a new compensation package offering a 35
percent pay increase. The strike noticeably affected PTCL's ability to provide service to its customers,
although cell phone use mitigated much of the strike's effects for the general public. End summary. ¶2. (U)
After the UAE telecom company, Etisalat, took over PTCL following privatization, management agreed to
convert the employee pay-scales from the government structure to a corporate package which would be
commensurate with market salary rates. The result was the UPS, which was uniformly rejected by the
PTCL employees as a "fraud" and part of an on-going effort by Etisalat to deprive them of their basic
rights. The UPS package offered an 8-13 percent pay increase for non-management workers. Although
this would have raised salaries above the previous government pay-scale rates, the PTCL employees
argued that a 40 percent increase was needed to bring their salaries up to market levels. ¶3. (U)
Speaking to the press, Pakistan Telecom Employees Union Collective Bargaining Agent (CBA), President
Ziauddin, said that since its privatization, the PTCL had resorted to various tactics to exploit the
employees, and gave the recently introduced Voluntary Separation Scheme (VSS) as an example. He
said that although the VSS was meant to be voluntary, terminology such as "redundant" and "surplus, not
needed" were used in the calculation worksheets, indicating that the scheme is a euphemism for lay-offs
and implying that workers who did not opt for the scheme would be fired. The Voluntary Separation
Scheme has not been offered to non-management staff, although 25,000 to 30,000 management grade
officers left PTCL under the VSS. Ziauddin claimed that the UPS was a similar exploitative effort aimed at
non-management workers. ¶4. (U) After withdrawing the UPS on July 17, PTCL did not immediately
propose a new compensation package, prompting the employees to continue striking. The striking
workers also demanded the reinstatement of some 200 to 250 workers who were fired outright as well as
direct action against police involved in a baton-charge and teargas skirmish with PTCL employees
protesting outside the company's headquarters in Islamabad. On July 30, after protracted negotiations,
PTCL announced a 35 percent pay increase for non-management grade workers. The workers' union
accepted this offer, bringing the strike to an end. ¶5. (U) The striking workers had threatened on July 28
to overwhelm the circuits forcing a nationwide shutdown of the telephone system. In response, the Army
Rangers were ordered on stand-by on national security grounds to assist local and provincial police in
preventing sabotage. PTCL's ability to provide service has been severely affected by the strike which has
led to long delays in handling customer complaints and new line installation requests. Emergency
services' help lines were also adversely affected in some areas. PTCL has 4.4 million customers
nationally. Comment - - - - ¶6. (U) As Pakistan's largest telecoms provider, PTCL's woes created a ripple
effect beyond the telecommunications industry as services that depend on reliable telecommunications
were affected. Cell phone services (especially from service providers other than PTCL) were not
significantly impacted and mitigated much of the strike's effects on the general public. Service delays can
also affect internet connections in addition to the terrestrial telephone network. PTCL was the source of a
technical error that caused the global outage of the popular video-sharing website, YouTube.com, in
February 2008. End comment. ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2589&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #164312   ?



Subject        Natural Gas Price Hikes Turn Back Reforms

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Thu, 31 Jul 2008 12:12 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2587.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO0298 RR RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2587/01 2131212 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 311212Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8142 INFO RUEATRS/DEPT
OF TREASURY WASHDC RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC RHEBAAA/DEPT OF
ENERGY WASHDC RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 3592 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 8410
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 8951 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI 0110 RUEHLH/AMCONSUL
LAHORE 5855 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR 4641 RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN
MACDILL AFB FL RHMFISS/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

          UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ISLAMABAD 002587 SENSITIVE SIPDIS E.O. 12958: N/A
Hide header
TAGS: ENRG [Energy and Power], EFIN [Financial and Monetary Affairs], ECON [Economic Conditions],
EINV [Foreign Investments], PREL [External Political Relations], PK [Pakistan] SUBJECT: NATURAL GAS
PRICE HIKES TURN BACK REFORMS ¶1. (SBU) SUMMARY: By turning back previous reform
measures, the Government of Pakistan (GOP) has created new categories and sub-categories of natural
gas consumers with variable pricing rates. With over 95 percent of all domestic automobiles fueled by
compressed natural gas (CNG), increases at the pump are hitting an already cash poor public particularly
hard. END SUMMARY. DOMESTIC NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¶2. (U)
Pakistan is one of the largest natural gas consumers in the world and domestic consumption accounts for
50 percent of Pakistan's total energy use. Pakistan consumes all of its domestic gas production and
domestic needs mandate expanded production. Only 60 percent of Pakistani households currently have
electricity, and only 18 percent have access to pipeline gas for heating. Over 95 percent of all
automobiles in Pakistan are fueled by CNG. There are approximately 2,060 CNG stations operating in the
country to fuel the 1.7 million light vehicles that have been converted to CNG. Of these, 1,590 stations are
owned by private individuals and the remainder are operated by oil manufacturing companies. ¶3. (U)
Energy demand in Pakistan is expected to increase 250 percent over the next 20 years. To meet
expected demand, electrical generating capacity must grow by 50 percent from 20.4 gigawatts in 2008 to
30.6 gigawatts in 2010. Pakistanis have begun to feel the energy crunch more than ever as blackouts
have increased across the country and exceed 15 hours per day in some areas. DIFFERENTIATION IN
PRICE STRUCTURES: CREATING CONFUSION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¶4. (U) The
GOP divides natural gas consumers into six main categories: industrial, commercial, domestic, fertilizer,
transport and power. The GOP claims that the differing tariff structure for each category of customers is
set according to economic priority. The natural gas tariff in Pakistan is progressive in nature and rises with
higher consumption. Some of the six categories are further divided into sub-categories. For instance,
domestic consumers are now divided into seven sub-categories. ¶5. (U) Domestic: The poorest "lifeline"
consumers, using less than 50 cubic meters per month, are subsidized in sub-category one and charged
the lowest rates. According to an Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) notification issued on June 30,
the number of sub-categories for domestic users were increased from five to seven to enable the GOP to
charge more from upper middle class consumers using above 200 cubic meters per month. No increase
was announced for domestic users in the first three sub-categories. Domestic consumers in the fourth
through seventh sub-categories will see a 31 percent price increase in their monthly bills. Mr. Qureshi
admitted that only 0.5 million domestic consumers out of the total 5.4 million would be effected by the gas
price hike and therefore the domestic rate increase will not significantly impact government coffers. ¶6. (U)
Transport: The price increase has pushed the retail price of CNG, used in the majority of motor vehicles,
to Rs 47.25-48.80 per kilogram. Consumption for most motor vehicles is nine kg for the average tank and
requires more frequent fill ups than gas fueled cars. CNG prices were raised a day after the government
also raised petroleum and diesel prices by 10 percent and kerosene prices by 30 percent. ¶7. (U)
Commercial: The rate has been raised from Rs. 283.05 to Rs 370.80 per million British Thermal Units
(MMBTU). The minimum monthly charges for commercial consumers have been fixed at Rs 1,750.44, up
from Rs 1336.21. Commercial consumers have been defined as cafes, bakeries, milk shops, tea stalls,
canteens, barber shops, laundries, tandoors (gas ovens for baking staple chapattis), cinemas, clubs,
theatres, clinics, maternity homes and private offices. ¶8. (SBU) As an example of the randomness of the
price increases and category creation, a special commercial section has been introduced for chapatti
tandoors. Under the category, consumers using up to 300 cubic meters will be billed in accordance with
the domestic mechanism whereas those consuming above 300 cubic meters will be billed at normal
commercial rates. ¶9. (U) Industrial: The sale price for natural gas to all industrial ISLAMABAD 00002587
002 OF 002 consumers, including the textiles and apparel sector, has been increased from Rs 251.55 to
Rs 329.54 per MMBTU, showing an increase of 31 percent. The sale price for CNG has been increased
from Rs 291.36 to Rs 388.32 per MMBTU, a rise of 33.2 percent. ¶10. (SBU) Most of the textile sector
converted to self generating electricity using natural gas due to the gross inefficiencies in Pakistan's
electric power generation and transmission system. Industrialists complain that they are being unfairly
taxed with these price increases since they were forced to individually bear the expense of creating their
own power due to the inefficiency of Pakistan's electricity production. They further note that Pakistani
textile competitiveness will be further eroded by these natural gas increases and that Pakistan has its
own domestic supply of natural gas so the price should not be so high for domestic industry. ¶11. (U)
Other Miscellaneous Increases: The tariff for ice factories has been increased to Rs 370.80 per MMBTU
from Rs 283.05, an increase of 31 percent. The gas tariff for the cement industry has been increased to
Rs 428.89 per MMBTU from Rs 335.67, an increase of 28 percent. ------- COMMENT ------- ¶12. (SBU)
Comment. It is unclear how collection of these differentiated tariff rates will be possible. There are already
reports that commercial users located in and around residential areas are switching to illegal domestic
connections. Likewise, domestic consumers are trying to conceal consumption by getting more than one
gas meter. The GOP does not have mechanisms to verify or prevent this theft. ¶13. (SBU) Comment
continued. However well intended, the expansion of sub-categories and differentiations in pricing
schemes for consumers drives Pakistan further from the reforms to put market pricing mechanisms in
place. These reforms were intended to have a single market based pricing mechanism, driven by the
marginal cost of production, for all users of natural gas. These measures are a regression from previous
commitments with the World Bank, made by then Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. Elimination of the sub-
categories was in the "first phase" of reform plans. End Comment. ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2587&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id     08ISLAMABAD
                             aka Wikileaks id #164310   ?



Subject        Embassy Legal Attache Named In Case Involving Alleged Bagram Detainee

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Thu, 31 Jul 2008 12:09 UTC

Classification CONFIDENTIAL

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2586.html

Referenced     08ISLAMABAD2690
by

History               Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                      Wed, 1 Dec 2010 00:01: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                       differs
                      Thu, 8 Sep 2011 13:29: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                       goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO0274 OO RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2586 2131209 ZNY CCCCC ZZH O 311209Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8141 INFO
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8950 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 8409
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 3591 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0109
RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY 5854 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4640
RHMFISS/FBI WASHDC PRIORITY RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY RHMFISS/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
PRIORITY RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY

Hide headerC O N F I D E N T I A L ISLAMABAD 002586 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/31/2018 TAGS:
PGOV [Internal Governmental Affairs], PK [Pakistan], PREL [External Political Relations], PTER [Terrorists and
Terrorism] SUBJECT: EMBASSY LEGAL ATTACHE NAMED IN CASE INVOLVING ALLEGED BAGRAM
DETAINEE Classified By: CDA Frank Archibald, Reasons 1.4 (b), (d) ¶1. (C) Summary: Islamabad
attorney Javed Jaffrey filed a habeas corpus petition July 29 on behalf of Dr. Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani
national who allegedly has been held and mistreated at the Bagram Theater Internment Facility since
2004. The court July 30 ordered Interior Ministry Secretary Shah to report on her alleged detention on
September 9. End summary. ¶2. (C) Islamabad attorney Javed Iqbal Jaffery (who also represents
Pakistani nuclear scientist AQ Khan) filed a habeas corpus petition with the Islamabad High Court (IHC)
July 29 on behalf of Aafia Siddiqui a Pakistani national. There have been a spate of press reports about
Siddiqui following a July 6 press conference in which UK journalist Yvonne Ridley accused the U.S. of
holding and perhaps torturing an unnamed woman in solitary confinement since 2004 at the Bagram
Theater Internment Facility. The IHC ordered Interior Ministry Secretary Kamal Shah to report on
Siddique's status, but for now the court exempted the other respondents, who include the Embassy's
Legal Attach, President Musharraf, and former President Farooq Ahmad Leghari. The IHC adjourned the
case until September 9. ¶3. (C) According to press reports, Jaffrey claims in the petition that U.S.
operatives kidnapped Dr. Aafia Siddiqui, with her three children, in 2004 as part of an al Qaeda hunt. It
also charged that the U.S. moved her to the Bagram Theater Internment Facility with the help of Pakistani
authorities. Jaffrey also petitioned the IHC to ask the respondents whether Siddiqui had been killed in
detention. If she is alive, Jaffrey wants her presented before the Court and given compensation for the
illegal detention. ¶4. (C) On July 19 the Senate Functional Committee on Human Rights called on the
Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs to address the issue of any detained Pakistani women in
Bagram or Guantanamo Bay. Previously the MFA had denied knowledge of the alleged detention of any
Pakistani woman. ¶5. (C) Comment: It is unclear who is paying Jaffrey and/or orchestrating this campaign
on Siddiqui's behalf. Siddiqui has family living in Karachi and noted politicians, including Imran Khan,
continue their vocal support for her cause. Bagram officials have assured us that they have not been
holding Siddiqui for the last four years, as has been alleged. End comment. ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2586&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #164144   ?



Subject        State Bank Of Pakistan Raises Key Discount Rate As Multiple Pressures Weigh On The
               Economy

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Wed, 30 Jul 2008 12:55 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2576.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments
VZCZCXRO9399 RR RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2576/01 2121255 ZNR UUUUU ZZH R 301255Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8118 INFO RUEATRS/DEPT
OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 8943 RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 3587
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 8398 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI 0106 RUEHLH/AMCONSUL
LAHORE 5851 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR 4633 RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN
MACDILL AFB FL RHMFISS/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC

Hide header   UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ISLAMABAD 002576 SENSITIVE SIPDIS E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECON [Economic Conditions], EFIN [Financial and Monetary Affairs], PREL [External Political Relations],
PK [Pakistan] SUBJECT: STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN RAISES KEY DISCOUNT RATE AS MULTIPLE
PRESSURES WEIGH ON THE ECONOMY ¶1. (SBU) Summary: In an effort to curb rising inflation, the
State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) raised its key discount rate by 100 basis points to 13 percent. SBP
Governor Dr. Shamshad Akhtar defended the Bank's decision, citing increased risks to the economy from
rising inflation and worsening current and fiscal account deficits. The GOP's current fiscal year deficit
target already appears untenable, further complicating prospects for macroeconomic stability in the short
term. Inflationary pressure continues to weigh on the economy; headline inflation reached a thirty year
high of 21.5 percent in June 2008, coupled with a 32 percent rise in the cost of food. Pakistan's business
community has been critical of recent monetary policy tightening, asserting that as the cost of production
rises, exports will become less competitive. End Summary. ¶2. (SBU) Citing multiple risks to Pakistan's
macroeconomic stability, including rising inflation and deteriorating fiscal and current account deficits, the
State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) raised its key discount rate by 100 basis points to 13 percent. The July 29
decision is the fourth consecutive rate increase in the past year; the Bank's discount rate was 9.5 percent
in July 2007. The move is seen as an attempt to contain aggregate demand, and consequently,
inflationary pressure. In announcing the decision, SBP Governor Dr. Shamshad Akhtar opined that the
Government of Pakistan (GOP) would need to reduce borrowing from the SBP and decrease the growth
of imports, particularly fuel, in order to achieve the Bank's goal of reducing inflation (Note: GOP borrowing
from the SBP reached an all-time high of Rs 689 billion (around USD 10.4 billion at the average exchange
rate for the period) in the recently concluded 2007-08 fiscal year. End Note). The SBP Central Board of
Directors also recommended that the GOP retire Rs 21 billion (USD 300 million) in debt owned to the
SBP each quarter of the current fiscal year, aiming to reverse the adverse impact of record GOP
borrowing from the State Bank. BUDGET DEFICIT TARGET UNTENABLE? - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¶3.
(SBU) The GOP's fiscal year 2008-09 budget projects a budget deficit target of 4.7 percent of GDP (Note:
Pakistan's fiscal year runs from July 31 to June 30. End Note). However, this target is based on the
Finance Ministry's assumption that the FY07-08 deficit was 7 percent of GDP; the State Bank estimates
that the figure is closer to 8.3 percent. The Bank has publicly stated that it believes the Federal
Government is underestimating spending and overestimating revenue, making the 4.7 percent target
untenable. While the GOP has announced that expenditure growth will be capped at 6.5 percent this
fiscal year, government spending has risen an average of 20.3 percent per year over the past five years.
Similarly, the GOP estimates tax revenues will increase by 24 percent this fiscal year, despite growing at
only 12.8 percent per year over the past five years. ¶4. (SBU) Despite multiple GOP pledges to reduce
borrowing from the State Bank of Pakistan, including one such promise made by Finance Minister
Naveed Qamar on July 22, the Government has already borrowed Rs 32.9 billion (USD 470 million) in the
first 25 days of the current fiscal year. SBP officials caution that even a minor deviation from the GOP's
budget deficit target would have a profound impact. The SBP estimates that a one percent increase
above the target deficit of 4.7 percent would require Rs 100 billion (USD 1.43 billion) in additional
borrowing from the State Bank. AGGREGATE DEMAND AND INFLATION BOTH CONTINUE TO RISE -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¶5. (SBU) The difference between real domestic aggregate demand
and the supply of goods and services widened in the recently concluded fiscal year. Increases in both the
current account deficit and fiscal deficit are a manifestation of this widening gap. The SBP estimates that
real domestic demand grew by 7.1 percent versus a 5.8 percent growth in real supply, mainly driven by
increased public and private consumption expenditures. Real investment expenditures grew at a subdued
3.4 percent. The rise in consumption also reflected a drop in national savings, leading to a larger
savings/investment gap. The State Bank continues to believe that the level of real GDP remains well
above potential national output. In short, the total of goods and services being produced by Pakistan's
economy exceeds what the country can sustain in the long run with stable inflation. ISLAMABAD
00002576 002 OF 003 ¶6. (SBU) Headline inflation reached a 30 year high of 21.5 percent year-on-year
in June 2008 while food price inflation rose to a record 32 percent. Average consumer price inflation for
fiscal year 2007-08 came in at 12 percent, well above a target of 6.5 percent. Average food price inflation
rose 17.6 percent for the year with non-food price inflation rising 7.9 percent. A decrease in productive
capacity, continued strong aggregate demand, and the multiplier effects of rising global fuel prices all
contributed to rising domestic inflation. MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS TREND DOWN - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - ¶7. (SBU) Domestic macroeconomic imbalances, in part due to the previous government's
reluctance to reduce energy subsidies in the face of rising global fuel costs, continue to reduce the
current government's options for dealing with Pakistan's economic woes. International liquidity concerns,
decreasing global growth and the rising cost of commodities all impacted overall macroeconomic health.
During its 2007 preparation for the FY 2007-08 budget, the GOP projected it would pay an average of
USD 65 per barrel for imported oil. Pakistan actually ended up paying an average of USD 86 per barrel,
causing the current account deficit to swell. (Note: Pakistan has a concessionary price deal for Arabian
light crude from Saudi Arabia and other regional producers. End Note) In addition, the GOP had to
swallow a USD 3.5 billion food import bill as domestic agricultural production slumped and global prices
rose. ¶8. (SBU) Decreased portfolio investment and lackluster privatization receipts both contributed to a
rise in the current account deficit, despite USD 5 billion foreign direct investment (FDI) in the fiscal year.
Consequently, 30 percent of Pakistan's FY07-08 current account deficit was financed by a USD 4.3 billion
drawdown of foreign exchange reserves, almost all of which occurred in the second half of the fiscal year.
Pakistan's foreign exchange reserve import coverage fell from 31 weeks at the end of June 2007 to 17
weeks at the end June 2008. Reserve depletion, coupled with rising investor pessimism, has resulted in a
sharp depreciation of the Pakistan rupee vis-`-vis the dollar. REACTION FROM PAKISTANI BUSINESS
LEADERS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¶9. (SBU) Pakistan's business community has been critical of
recent monetary policy tightening, asserting that as the cost of production rises, exports will become less
competitive. Former Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry president Anjum Nisar remarked that
the rate hike was unlikely to stop inflation but would increase the cost of borrowing and consequently,
business operations. State Bank auditors reviewed financial data from several non-financial sector
companies listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange. They found that, on average, financial expenses
constituted only 2.4 percent of overall corporate costs, versus 4.7 percent in 2001. In 2007, average
corporate costs grew by 12.1 percent while financial expenses grew by 0.7 percent only, refuting private
sector claims. COMMENT - - - - ¶10. (SBU) Comment: The unsustainable fiscal deficit target does not
bode well for Pakistan's future macroeconomic stability, its credit rating or its ability to attract significant
new investment. Multiple internal and external funding constraints make the financing of an even larger
fiscal deficit unlikely. Excessive borrowing from domestic sources, including the State Bank, may reduce
credit available for the private sector, further hampering already low investment growth. ¶11. (SBU)
Comment Continued: Pakistan's consumption-led growth of recent years has finally led to spiraling
inflation. Expenditures and imports, particularly of fuel, must be contained now. By quickly and effectively
addressing structural constraints in multiple sectors of the economy, Pakistan may be able to improve
productivity, particularly in lagging industrial and agricultural sectors. Improving long-run factor
productivity remains crucial to ensuring both price stability and long-term sustainable growth. However, in
the short term, Pakistan's dwindling foreign currency ISLAMABAD 00002576 003 OF 003 reserves are a
real concern. Whereas Post contacts would laugh off the prospect of an emergency International
Monetary Fund (IMF) program only months ago, the sentiment is starting to change. For some, it has
become a question of when, not if, international financial institutions will have to come to the rescue. End
Comment. ARCHIBALD
http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2576&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #163692   ?



Subject        Lawyers' Movement: On The Move Or Outmaneuvered?

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Sat, 26 Jul 2008 08:21 UTC

Classification CONFIDENTIAL

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2532.html

References     08ISLAMABAD2139

Referenced     08ISLAMABAD2851, 08KARACHI456, 08KARACHI462
by

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO6758 OO RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2532/01 2080821 ZNY CCCCC ZZH O 260821Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8054 INFO
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8934 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 8374
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 3580 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0096
RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY 5840 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4619
RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON
DC PRIORITY RHMFISS/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
PRIORITY

Hide header   C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 ISLAMABAD 002532 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL:
07/26/2018 TAGS: PGOV [Internal Governmental Affairs], PK [Pakistan], PREL [External Political Relations]
SUBJECT: LAWYERS' MOVEMENT: ON THE MOVE OR OUTMANEUVERED? REF: ISLAMABAD 2139
Classified By: A/DCM E. Candace Putnam, Reasons 1.4 (b), (d) ¶1. (C) Summary: The lawyers'
movement met July 19 to renew its call for restoration of the pre-November 3 judiciary, setting a deadline
of August 14 (Pakistan Independence Day). This time, they threatened civil disobedience as well as
marches and boycotts. But the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) is countering via the umbrella Pakistan Bar
Council (PBC); 15 of 21 governors are ready to remove movement leader Aitzaz Ahsan as Supreme
Court Bar Association (SCBA) President. End summary. Lawyers' Movement: Fresh Threats - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - ¶2. (SBU) On July 19, the All Pakistan Lawyers' Representative Conference announced it
would soon turn up the heat on the PPP-led government if the pre-November 3 judges were not restored
to the bench. Its statement threatened to stage sit-ins (including in front of the National Assembly),
boycott court proceedings, and organize marches. The organization also said it would engage in civil
disobedience, a new threat by the lawyers' movement, whose June 14 "long march" was peaceful (reftel).
¶3. (SBU) The conference set August 14 (Pakistan Independence Day) as the deadline for the GOP to
reinstate the judges. However, it also deferred making this specific strategy "official" until the National
Coordination Council of Lawyers meets on August 15, leaving an opening that such threats will be
tempered. Meanwhile, SCBA President Aitzaz Ahsan and former Supreme Court Chief Justice Iftikhar
Chaudhry tour Pakistan, addressing lawyer groups in Multan (southern Punjab) and later in Karachi
(Sindh). Counter-Move - - - - - - - ¶4. (SBU) In response, six governors of the PBC board, led by PPP
Senator (and probable Attorney General designate) Latif Khosa, immediately called for a July 26
governors' meeting to question the recent decisions that "the SCBA has made unilaterally." The group is
seeking an official notice against SCBA President Aitzaz Ahsan. ¶5. (C) Speaking to PolOff July 25,
Khosa revealed that Ahsan had met with PPP leader Asif Zardari the night before. Ahsan reportedly
refused to back down from the July 19 threat by the lawyers' movement, insisting that, specifically,
Chaudhry be reinstated as Supreme Court Chief Justice. "This (Chaudhry's reinstatement) is not going to
happen," Khosa insisted. ¶6. (C) Khosa now believes the PBC board might decide on July 26 to remove
Ahsan from his SCBA leadership post. Khosa is counting on support from 15 of the board's 21 members,
who are increasingly fed up with Ahsan's grandstanding. In reply, Ahsan's senior law associate Gohar Ali
Khan told PolOff that Ahsan's removal was not possible; even if the PPP's Khosa has the votes, "the
lawyers won't follow him." Crack in Judges' Reinstatement - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¶7. (SBU) Local media
also reported this week that the GOP hopes to "re-appoint" to the Sindh and Lahore High Courts up to
nine deposed judges. They reportedly would need to take a new oath, and have also been offered
lucrative settlement packages. The SCBA has already issued warnings against these judges. ¶8. (SBU)
Comment: Ahsan's position in the PPP has increasingly weakened. Before her death, Benazir Bhutto saw
Ahsan as a potential rival and did not support his advocacy on behalf of Chaudhry. Ahsan, this week,
openly clashed with Zardari supporters at a PPP Central Executive Committee (CEC) meeting. The PPP
may be testing the waters for bringing back the deposed Supreme Court justices (sans Chaudhry) with
the proposed "re-appointment" (reinstatement) at the Sindh and Lahore High Courts. End comment.
ISLAMABAD 00002532 002 OF 002 ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2532&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #163690   ?



Subject        Pakistan: Mesa's Iaea Board Seat "difficult" Because Of Prior Consensus

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Sat, 26 Jul 2008 07:12 UTC

ClassificationSECRET

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2531.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                       goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO6732 PP RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2531 2080712 ZNY SSSSS ZZH P 260712Z JUL
08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8053 INFO
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8933 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 8373
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 3579 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0095
RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY 5839 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4618
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA PRIORITY 0100 RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN
MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY

Hide headerS E C R E T ISLAMABAD 002531 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/26/2017 TAGS:
IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency], KNNP [Nuclear Non-Proliferation], PREL [External Political Relations],
KZ [Kazakhstan], SY [Syria], PK [Pakistan], AORC [International Organizations and Conferences] SUBJECT:
PAKISTAN: MESA'S IAEA BOARD SEAT "DIFFICULT" BECAUSE OF PRIOR CONSENSUS REF:
STATE 77758 Classified By: A/DCM E. Candace Putnam, for reasons 1.5 (b), (d). (S) PolOff delivered
July 24 reftel demarche points to Pakistan MFA Director for Disarmament Mohammad Kamran Akhtar.
Prior to the meeting, Akhtar had double-checked with Pakistan's Vienna mission. He relayed that the
MESA Group had met last year and reached consensus to support Syria's bid to join the International
Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Board of Governors. He doubted any country in the Group would support
a bid by Kazakhstan at this relative late date. Pakistan, as well as the other countries, Akhtar wagered,
would be concerned about reciprocal support for its own seats on international bodies if it upset
precedence by not supporting the Group's consensus candidate. ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2531&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                             aka Wikileaks id #163689   ?



Subject        Pakistan: Will Not Support Pro-iran Nam Fm Statement If Contrary To Iaea

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Sat, 26 Jul 2008 07:10 UTC

ClassificationCONFIDENTIAL

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2530.html

References 08ISLAMABAD2434

History               Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                      Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: First publication, original content redacted
                      Thu, 8 Sep 2011 13:29: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                       goodies

Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO6730 PP RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2530 2080710 ZNY CCCCC ZZH P 260710Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8052 INFO
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8932 RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY
3578 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0094 RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY
5838 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4617 RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA
PRIORITY 0099 RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY RUEAIIA/CIA
WASHDC PRIORITY

Hide header C O N F I D E N T I A L ISLAMABAD 002530 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/26/2018 TAGS:
IR [Iran], PARM [Arms Controls and Disarmament], TRGY [Energy Technology], PK [Pakistan] SUBJECT:
PAKISTAN: WILL NOT SUPPORT PRO-IRAN NAM FM STATEMENT IF CONTRARY TO IAEA REF: A.
STATE 79505 B. ISLAMABAD 2434 Classified By: A/DCM E. Candace Putnam, for reasons 1.5 (b), (d).
¶1. (C) PolOff delivered July 24 Ref A demarche points to Pakistan MFA Director for Disarmament
Mohammad Kamran Akhtar. Akhtar assured PolOff that the GOP would not support any Non-Aligned
Movement (NAM) Foreign Ministers' resolution/statement that was contrary to official International Atomic
Energy Agency (IAEA) findings. ¶2. (C) Several issues were still being negotiated in the lead up to next
week's meeting in Tehran, he revealed. Akhtar noted, however, that all NAM FM attendees would be
cautious in their tone considering this meeting was in Iran's capital. Akhtar noted that Pakistan spoke out
against an overly pro-Iran statement at the last meeting of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC).
ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2530&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id     08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #163688   ?



Subject        Pakistan: "strategic Interest" To Prevent Uranium Supplies To Iran

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Sat, 26 Jul 2008 07:07 UTC

ClassificationCONFIDENTIAL

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2529.html

History               Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                      Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: First publication, original content redacted
                      Thu, 8 Sep 2011 13:29: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                       goodies
Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO6726 PP RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2529 2080707 ZNY CCCCC ZZH P 260707Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8051 INFO
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8931 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 8372
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 3577 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0093
RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY 5837 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4616
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA PRIORITY 0098 RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN
MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 8310
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 4188 RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY

Hide headerC O N F I D E N T I A L ISLAMABAD 002529 SIPDIS PLEASE PASS TO ISN/RA RICHARD
NEPHEW E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/26/2017 TAGS: KNNP [Nuclear Non-Proliferation], PK [Pakistan], IR [Iran],
MNUC [Military Nuclear Applications], PARM [Arms Controls and Disarmament], TRGY [Energy Technology],
ENRG [Energy and Power], EMIN [Minerals and Metals], ETTC [Trade and Technology Controls] SUBJECT:
PAKISTAN: "STRATEGIC INTEREST" TO PREVENT URANIUM SUPPLIES TO IRAN REF: STATE
77744 Classified By: A/DCM E. Candace Putnam, for reasons 1.5 (b), (d). (C) PolOff delivered July 24
reftel demarche points to Pakistan MFA Director for Disarmament Mohammad Kamran Akhtar. Akhtar
said that the GOP could not agree more with the need to prevent Iran's acquisition of new supplies of
uranium. He assured PolOff that the GOP was doing everything in its power to adhere to all
resolutions/regulations of international bodies and claimed that the GOP in fact enforced a "strict
interpretation" of same. Noting that Pakistan is already bordered by two nuclear powers (China and India),
Akhtar frankly concluded: "It is not in Pakistan's strategic interest to cooperate with Iran (in the acquisition
of any new supplies of uranium)." ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2529&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #163687   ?



Subject        Pakistan Likely To Attend Gi Conference On Legal/regulatory Frameworks

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Sat, 26 Jul 2008 07:06 UTC

ClassificationUNCLASSIFIED

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2528.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Fri, 26 Aug 2011 02:34: First publication, unredacted, however non-text content
                      differs
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies
Extras         ? Comments

VZCZCXRO6725 PP RUEHLH RUEHPW DE RUEHIL #2528 2080706 ZNR UUUUU ZZH P 260706Z
JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8050 INFO
RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN PRIORITY 1959 RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 8930
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 3576 RUEHKP/AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY 0092
RUEHLH/AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY 5836 RUEHPW/AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY 4615
RUMICEA/USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY

Hide header UNCLAS ISLAMABAD 002528 SIPDIS BERLIN PLEASE PASS TO MARSHALL CENTER E.O.
12958: N/A TAGS: PTER [Terrorists and Terrorism], KNNP [Nuclear Non-Proliferation], MCAP [Military
Capabilities], PK [Pakistan], PINS [National Security], PARM [Arms Controls and Disarmament], PREL [External
Political Relations], PINR [Intelligence] SUBJECT: PAKISTAN LIKELY TO ATTEND GI CONFERENCE ON
LEGAL/REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS REF: STATE 77168 PolOff delivered July 24 information
contained in reftel to Pakistan MFA Director of Disarmament Mohammad Kamran Akhtar. Akhtar
mentioned that the GOP had recently formed an interagency committee to review Pakistan's anti-
terrorism laws. This conference was timely, he added, and the GOP would likely send appropriate experts.
ARCHIBALD

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2528&q=archibald%20pakistan



Reference id    08ISLAMABAD
                            aka Wikileaks id #161709   ?



Subject        Ambassador Briefs Mod On Security Issues

Origin         Embassy Islamabad (Pakistan)

Cable time     Fri, 11 Jul 2008 12:05 UTC

ClassificationSECRET//NOFORN

Source         http://wikileaks.org/cable/2008/07/08ISLAMABAD2365.html

History              Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks
                     Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24: Original unredacted version published, with HTML
                      goodies

Extras         ? Comments

O 111205Z JUL 08 FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7731 INFO
AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY AMCONSUL KARACHI PRIORITY AMCONSUL LAHORE PRIORITY
AMCONSUL PESHAWAR PRIORITY SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY USCENTCOM INTEL
CEN MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL PRIORITY CIA WASHDC
PRIORITY
Hide header S E C R E T ISLAMABAD 002365 NOFORN E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/10/2018 TAGS:
PREL [External Political Relations], PTER [Terrorists and Terrorism], PGOV [Internal Governmental Affairs],
PK [Pakistan] SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR BRIEFS MOD ON SECURITY ISSUES Classified By: Anne W.
Patterson, for reasons 1.4 (b)(d) ¶1. (S/NF) Ambassador, RAO and the Office of Defense Representative
July 9 briefed Defense Minister Mukhtar on U.S. intelligence cooperation, military cross border operations
and U.S.-Pakistan security assistance. Mukhtar noted that press reports about impending unilateral
military action, civilian casualities caused by strikes, and the death June 10 of 11 Pakistani military
personnel increased pressure on the GOP to distance itself from the U.S. and "sets us back in a common
struggle" to provide training for the Frontier Corps. Defense Secretary Rasool noted that the MOD had to
catch the Prime Minister at the airport to obtain approval to release $140 million for the June 15 F-16
payment; it would be "very hard" to also make the $61 million overdue payment for the mid-life upgrade.
End Summary. ¶2. (S/NF) Ambassador, accompanied by RAO Archibald, Office of Defense
Representative (ODRP) MG Helmly and Polcouns (notetaker) met July 9 with Defense Minister Ahmed
Mukhtar, Defense Secretary Rasool, and Rear Admiral Tanveer Faz. This was one of a series of briefings
the Embassy is providing on security/defense issues for Pakistan's new civilian leadership. We have
provided the same briefing to PM Gilani, Pakistan People's Party leader Asif Zardari, Pakistan Muslim
League-N leader Nawaz Sharif and several ministers. Intelligence Brief ¶3. (S/NF) Archibald provided
Mukhtar with a briefing on al Qaeda activities in Pakistan and the threat that al Qaeda and Taliban
activities in Pakistan pose for both the U.S. and Pakistan itself. He reviewed al Qaeda training techniques
and organizational structure and the history of plots emanating from Pakistan against western targets
over the past seven years. He explained how militants had exploited the hiatus and safe haven provided
by peace negotiations to regroup their forces and detailed the increasing ties among foreign fighters, local
Taliban sympathizers and the Afghan Taliban network. ¶4. (S/NF) Explaining that al Qaeda was copying
classic Maoist insurgency strategy, Archibald noted that Pakistan was between the subversion stage
(talibanization and intimidation through attacks on girls' schools, barber shops, CD shops, etc) into the
guerrilla warfare stage (attacks on security forces and police; increased coordination between criminal
warlords like Mangal Bagh and militants like Baitullah Mehsud). Unless Pakistan could contain this trend,
cautioned Archibald, they would soon be facing the final stage of insurgency, large-scale military
operations against the militants. ¶5. (S/NF) Mukhtar expressed appreciation for the briefing and asked
that the U.S. understand the difficulty of his position. Constant media reports suggesting the U.S. plans to
launch unilateral military operations and the June 10 incident where a U.S. strike killed 11 Pakistani
security forces, according to Mukhtar, was putting pressure on the government to distance itself from the
U.S. This is complicated by the confusion over the U.S. rules of engagement in Pakistan, said Mukhtar.
¶6. (S/NF) Ambassador responded that we understood Mukhtar's difficulties, but that border incidents had
increased 40% over last year and this was increasing pressure on Washington as well. In response to
Rasool's question, Ambassador stressed that many media reports of U.S. strikes were factually
inaccurate; in one case recently, an explosion of arms at a militant camp was wrongly interpreted as
being the result of a U.S. strike. Helmly clarified that U.S. military aircraft transiting Pakistani airspace en
route to Afghanistan were not used in strikes against Pakistan. Cross-Border Operations ¶7. (S/NF) MG
Helmly explained the complex, unpredictable reality of night-time combat in the mountainous area of the
Pakistan-Afghan border. The majority of ground engagements occurred between 8 pm and 6 am, often in
bad weather; coordination was based on verbal (usually radio) exchanges using maps with different
Pakistani and Afghan names for the same geographical areas across an unrecognized border line.
Helmly noted that problems with ground coordination were compounded by a high level of distrust and
miscommunication between poorly trained Pakistani Frontier Corps and Afghan Border Police. This murky
situation, suggested Helmly, invites fratricide like that which occurred on June 10. Helmly noted that the
combined investigation of the June 10 incident was ongoing and said we hoped the report would include
recommendations on how to reduce the possibility of further such incidents. The incident was
demonstrable evidence that we needed to begin tripartite operation of the Border Coordination Centers as
soon as possible. ¶8. (S/NF) Helmly outlined the three rules of engagement governing use of force by the
U.S.: (1) if a U.S. commander has intelligence about an imminent threat from a site within 10 km inside
Pakistan, he may take action against that site; (2) if ground or aerial forces are in hot pursuit of a target,
they can follow and strike 10 km inside Pakistan; and (3) if U.S. troops are being fired upon by a site 10
km within Pakistan, we can return fire. ¶9. (S/NF) Mukhtar said that the Pakistani perception of the June
10 incident was that the U.S. strike was deliberate, not accidental or the result of confusion. He noted the
ongoing communication during the day between Pakistani and U.S. forces that demonstrated who was
where. Mukhtar lamented that the incident "sets us back in a common struggle" against military forces
because both the public and the Pakistani military were deeply upset over the incident. Civilian causalities,
he insisted, were inevitable in all scenarios. ¶10. (S/NF) Helmly noted that the uptick in border
engagements was due to three factors: (1) the annual spring/summer fighting season; (2) a "thickened
battle space" as a result of having more U.S./ISAF forces on the ground, especially in Kandahar,
Helmond and Konain; and (3) a lack of pressure from the east, which had allowed the militants to focus
more intently on coalition forces. Helmly also stated that the militants were changing tactics--using more
suicide bombings and IEDs against government targets in both Pakistan and Afghanistan. The intensity
and increasing sophistication of a growing level of close border engagements, said Helmly, reinforced the
importance of Pak/Afghan/U.S. coordination, especially in the Border Coordination Centers. Security
Assistance ------------------- ¶11. (C) Helmly provided Mukhtar with a power point briefing outlining U.S.
security cooperation programs with Pakistan, highlighting both the F-16 program and the train and equip
program for Pakistan's special forces (SSG) and the Frontier Corps. Noting that President Bush's
commitment for $300 million per year in FMF expired in 2009, Helmly urged that we coordinate closely
with Pakistan's Joint Staff to craft future FMF proposals that met the expectations of the U.S. Congress.
He reported that the administration was working with the Congress to gain approval for Pakistan's request
to use FMF for the F-16 mid-life upgrade program. However, he cautioned this would take some time and
urged Pakistan to make the $61 million late payment for the mid-life upgrade. ¶12. (C) Rasool responded
that this was "an immense problem for us." To obtain approval to use national funds to make the $140
million F-16 payment that was due on June 15, the Air Chief Marshall and MinDef had to appeal to PM
Gilani. "We had to catch him at the airport" to convince him to tell the Finance Minister to release the
funds said Rasool. "It will be very hard to meet the July 31 date for payment of the $61 million."
PATTERSON

http://cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=08ISLAMABAD2365&q=archibald%20pakistan




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CIA Home > Offices of CIA > Clandestine Service


Clandestine Service
The National Clandestine Service (NCS) serves as the clandestine arm of the Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the national authority for the coordination, de-confliction, and
evaluation of clandestine operations across the Intelligence Community of the United States.


Learn more about the NCS:

      Who We Are
      Our Mission
      Core Values
      Careers
      Internship Program
      FAQs



Posted: Mar 23, 2007 07:26 AM

Last Updated: Jan 17, 2013 08:56 AM

Last Reviewed: Jan 17, 2013 08:56 AM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/




Who We Are
      We are an elite corps of men and women shaped by diverse ethnic, educational and
       professional backgrounds.
      We conduct our clandestine mission worldwide.
      We collect actionable human intelligence (HUMINT) that informs the U.S. President, senior
       policymakers, military, and law enforcement.
      Core values guide our professional and personal actions.

  "Serving in the National Clandestine Service is more than just a career; it is a way of life."
Posted: Mar 23, 2009 07:55 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 09:18 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:12 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/who-we-are.html




Our Mission
The mission of the National Clandestine Service (NCS) is to strengthen national security and
foreign policy objectives through the clandestine collection of human intelligence (HUMINT)
and Covert Action.

We are accountable to the U.S. President, Congress and the American taxpayer.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 07:55 AM

Last Updated: Jul 02, 2012 04:12 PM

Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:12 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/our-mission.html




Core Values
Core values guide our professional and personal actions.

      Service. We put country first and Agency before self. Quiet patriotism is our hallmark. We are
       dedicated to the mission, and we pride ourselves on our extraordinary responsiveness to the
       needs of our customers.
      Integrity. We uphold the highest standards of conduct. We seek and speak the truth - to our
       colleagues and to our customers. We honor those Agency officers who have come before us and
       we honor the colleagues with whom we work today.
      Excellence. We hold ourselves - and each other - to the highest standards. We embrace personal
       accountability. We reflect on our performance and learn from that reflection.


Posted: Mar 23, 2009 07:57 AM
Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 09:20 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:12 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/code-of-ethics.html




Careers
The National Clandestine Service (NCS) offers a unique career - a way of life that will
challenge the deepest resources of an individual's intelligence, self reliance and responsibility.

Whether an applicant is seeking a career overseas or in the Washington metropolitan area, the
NCS relies upon a number of career tracks to accomplish its mission.

Career Tracks:

      Collection Management Officer
      Operations Officer
      Specialized Skills Officer
      Staff Operations Officer

Trainee Programs:

      Professional Trainee Program
      Clandestine Service Trainee Program
      Headquarters Based Trainee Program

Internship Programs:

      Undergraduate Internship Program

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

  Please visit "Careers at CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 08:01 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 09:20 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:11 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/index.html
Collection Management Officer
Collection Management Officers (CMO) are certified Core Collectors who guide clandestine
human intelligence collection and dissemination by serving as the bridge between Core
Collectors and the intelligence consumer. CMOs establish and identify intelligence collection
requirements, validate sources and evaluate intelligence production of human sources. In
addition and as required, CMOs, like Operations Officers, are engaged in the full cycle of
intelligence collection operations.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:18 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 09:21 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 08, 2011 05:07 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/careers-collection-
management-officer.html




Operations Officer
Operations Officers (OO) are certified Core Collectors who collect human intelligence of
concern to the U.S. President, policymakers, and military by recruiting and handling clandestine
human sources in a secure manner.

OOs clandestinely spot, assess, develop, recruit and handle human sources with access to vital
intelligence. This human intelligence plays a critical role in developing and implementing U.S.
foreign and national security policy and in protecting western interests. OOs have sound
judgment, integrity, strong interpersonal skills and assessment abilities to acquire high-value
intelligence from human sources. OOs deal with fast-moving, ambiguous, and unstructured
situations by combining their "people and street smarts" with subject matter expertise and
knowledge of foreign languages, world travel, and cultures. OOs serve the bulk of their careers
overseas.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.
Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:20 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 09:22 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 08, 2011 05:07 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/careers-operations-officer.html




Specialized Skills Officer
Specialized Skills Officers (SSO) serve both at our Headquarters in the Washington, D.C.
metropolitan area and overseas. The SSO cadre is a diverse group consisting of Information
Resource Officers, Language Officers, Paramilitary Officers, Programs and Plans Officers, and
Targeting Officers - some of which may become Core Collector certified.

SSOs conduct and/or directly support CIA operations leveraging their language, media, technical
skills and/or military experience. Qualified candidates can expect to focus on human intelligence
operations and activities as defined by the Intelligence Community.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:23 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:10 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 08, 2011 05:08 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/careers-specialized-skills-
officer.html




Staff Operations Officer
Staff Operations Officers (SOO) guide and support human intelligence collection and clandestine
activities while protecting sources and methods in both the foreign and domestic field. SOOs
serve as the primary interface between CIA Headquarters and those serving overseas. If you like
excitement, versatility, challenges, and wish to contribute to the mission of the National
Clandestine Service but prefer to remain in the Washington, D.C. area, the SOO career track
may be for you. A SOO career track is the most flexible NCS career cadre with some SOOs
being selected as candidates for the Clandestine Service Trainee (CST) Program. Qualified
candidates can expect to focus on intelligence operations and activities as defined by the
Intelligence Community in hazardous and austere overseas environments.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:26 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:12 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 08, 2011 05:08 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/careers-staff-operations-
officer-1.html




Professional Trainee Program
The Professional Trainee (PT) Program is an entry-level program for candidates seeking a career
as a Core Collector overseas. PTs have a minimum of a bachelor's degree but lack substantive
work experience. Upon entry on duty, PTs are offered the opportunity to gain experience through
a series of responsible Headquarters-based assignments that expose them to core aspects of the
mission of the National Clandestine Service prior to joining the Clandestine Service Training
(CST) Program.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:28 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:13 AM
Last Reviewed: Jul 08, 2011 05:05 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/careers-professional-trainee-
program.html




Clandestine Service Trainee Program
The Clandestine Service Trainee (CST) Program trains and certifies individuals to clandestinely
recruit and handle human sources with access to vital human intelligence. Upon successful
completion of the CST Program, Operations Officers and Collection Management Officers
become Core Collector certified and are ready for field deployment.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.



Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:30 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:12 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:10 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/clandestine-service-trainee-
program.html




Headquarters Based Trainee Program
The Headquarters Based Trainee (HBT) Program trains and certifies individuals who interface
between Headquarters and those serving in the field. The HBT program trains the NCS'
headquarters-based disciplines: Staff Operations Officer (SOO), and Specialized Skill Officer-
Target (SOO-T). As a certified officer in one of these career thrusts, Headquarters-Based
Officers help guide and support human intelligence collection and operations. These positions
are based in the Washington, D.C. area.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

Please visit "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application requirements.
Posted: Jun 29, 2010 10:48 AM

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:14 AM

Last Reviewed: Jul 08, 2011 05:06 PM

https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/careers/headquarters-based-trainee-
program.html




Internship Programs
Undergraduate Internship Program

The National Clandestine Service (NCS) Undergraduate Internship Program is designed to give
a limited number of talented undergraduate students the opportunity to support the NCS mission.
The NCS intern will be part of a unique world of important events and meaningful
accomplishments.

Interns work at our Headquarters facility in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area with
knowledgeable professionals.

Student internship positions offer salaries competitive with the private sector and the same
benefits as federal employees.

                  This is neither a vacancy notice nor a request for resumes.

   Please visit our site "Careers at the CIA" for current NCS vacancies and application
                                        requirements.

Posted: Mar 23, 2009 08:03 AM
Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:14 AM
Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:11 PM
https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/internship-programs.html




Human Intelligence
Vital information from human sources acquired by Core Collectors of the National Clandestine
Service in response to national intelligence requirements.
Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:34 AM
Last Updated: Jul 02, 2012 04:11 PM
Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:11 PM
https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/intelligence.html




Core Collectors
Core Collectors include Operations Officers (OO) and Collection Management Officers (CMO)
who have successfully completed the Clandestine Service Trainee (CST) Program.

Core Collectors must demonstrate the skills, abilities and personality traits necessary for
operating clandestinely worldwide.

          For more information on Core Collectors, visit the Careers at CIA page.

Posted: Mar 23, 2009 10:38 AM
Last Updated: Jul 02, 2012 04:11 PM
Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:11 PM
https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/core-collectors.html




View Jobs
Make a world of difference.

The CIA’s Clandestine Service is the cutting-edge of American Intelligence. It is an elite corps,
providing vital information needed by US policymakers, the military and law enforcement
services to protect the national security interests of the American people. For the extraordinary
person who wants more than just a job, the Clandestine Service offers a unique career — a way
of life that challenges the deepest resources of an individual’s intelligence, self reliance and
responsibility.

Explore all occupations in the Clandestine Service field:

Clandestine Service - Field-based Positions

Core Collector/Clandestine Service and Professional Trainee Program:


      Operations Officer
         Collection Management Officer

Clandestine Service - Washington-based Positions

Headquarters Based Trainee Program:

         Staff Operations Officer
         Specialized Skills Officer - Targeting

Paramilitary Operations Officer - Specialized Skills Officer

NCS Language Officer

Posted: Sep 21, 2009 12:10 PM
Last Updated: Apr 18, 2013 09:13 AM
Last Reviewed: Apr 18, 2013 09:13 AM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/opportunities/clandestine/view-jobs.html




Core Collector
Clandestine Service and Professional Trainee Programs
Work Schedule: Full Time

Salary:           $52,976 – $81,204

Location:         Washington, DC metropolitan area


The National Clandestine Service offers two entry-level programs for field-based Core Collector
careers.

The Professional Trainee (PT) Program is for applicants who have a minimum of a bachelor's
degree but may often lack substantive work experience, and are generally in the 21-25 year age
range. Upon entry on duty, PTs are offered the opportunity to gain experience through a series of
responsible Headquarters-based assignments that expose them to core aspects of the NCS
mission prior to joining the CST program for training and field deployment.

The Clandestine Service (CST) Program is for applicants who have a minimum of a bachelor's
degree and several years of substantive business/work or military experience before applying,
and are generally in the 26-35 year age range. There is a 35 year maximum age requirement.
Minimum requirements include a bachelor's or master's degree and a strong academic record,
with a preferred GPA of 3.0 or better, and a strong interest in international affairs. Candidates
must possess solid interpersonal and communications skills, including the ability to write clearly
and accurately. Foreign travel and area knowledge, prior residency abroad, cross-cultural
sensitivity, and foreign language proficiency (particularly in the critical languages of Arabic,
Chinese, Dari, Indonesian, Korean, Pashto, Persian, Russian, Somali, Turkish, Kurdish and Urdu)
are highly desirable. Degrees of interest include, but are not limited to, international business,
finance or international relations, economics, physical science or nuclear, biological or chemical
engineering. Competitive candidates will also possess personality traits that will allow them to be
successful Core Collectors, including the ability to work both independently and as part of a
team, the ability to “think on their feet”, and the ability to deal effectively with individuals at all
levels—often in fast-breaking and rapidly changing situations.

All applicants must successfully complete two personal interviews, a thorough medical and
psychological examination, a polygraph interview, and extensive background investigation.

To be considered suitable for Agency employment, applicants must generally not have used
illegal drugs within the last twelve months. The issue of illegal drug use prior to twelve months
ago is carefully evaluated during the medical and security processing. (Processing generally
takes approximately 12 months.)



Core Collector

Core Collectors, following successful completion of the 18-month Clandestine Service Trainee
(CST) Program, serve on the front lines of human intelligence collection overseas for the
National Clandestine Service (NCS). The CST Program trains and certifies individuals to
perform the full range of steps leading to the clandestine recruitment and handling of sources
with access to vital foreign intelligence. Within the Core Collector profession, there are two
career tracks—described below. NCS management places an individual in one of these career
tracks based on skills demonstrated during the training phase and/or the needs of the service. All
Core Collectors, whether designated as Operations Officers (OO) or Collection Management
Officers (CMO), are expected to engage in the full cycle of clandestine operations while serving
in overseas assignments. Therefore, all applicants seeking entry into the Core Collector ranks of
the NCS must demonstrate the skills, abilities and personality traits necessary for the safe, secure,
and effective conduct of clandestine intelligence collection operations overseas.

Core Collector/Operations Officer

Operations Officers (OOs) are focused full time on clandestinely spotting, assessing, developing,
recruiting, and handling individuals with access to vital foreign intelligence on the full range of
national security issues. This human intelligence plays a critical role in developing and
implementing US foreign and national security policy and in protecting US interests. OOs
employ sound judgment, high integrity, strong interpersonal skills, and ability to assess the
character and motivations of others to establish strong human relationships and trust that
provides the foundation needed to acquire high-value intelligence from foreign sources. OOs
deal with fast-moving, ambiguous, and unstructured situations by combining their “people and
street smarts” with subject matter expertise and knowledge of foreign languages, areas, and
cultures. An OOs career can include assignments in the NCSs three key areas of activity—
human intelligence collection, counterintelligence, and covert action—on issues of highest
interest to US national security, such as international terrorism, weapons proliferation,
international crime and narcotics trafficking, and capabilities and intentions of rogue nations.
Operations Officers serve approximately 50-70 percent of their time in overseas assignments that
range typically from 2-3 years.

Operations Officers are given great amounts of responsibility and trust early in their careers.
While they work in teams, they often need to “think on their feet”, using common sense and
flexibility to make quick decisions on their own. OOs have demanding responsibilities, often
requiring them to work long hours so it is essential that they be psychologically fit, energetic,
and able to cope with stress. They must know themselves very well and a sense of humor is also
a plus.

Core Collector/Collection Management Officer

Core Collector-certified Collection Management Officers (CMOs) oversee and facilitate the
collection, evaluation, classification, and dissemination of foreign intelligence collected from
clandestine sources. CMOs play a critical role in ensuring that foreign intelligence collected by
clandestine sources is relevant, timely, and addresses the highest foreign policy and national
security needs of the nation. CMO's are substantive experts in their area of specialty, have a
comprehensive knowledge of how National Clandestine Service operations are conducted, and
an in depth understanding of overseas operating environments as well as current and looming
international issues.

During overseas assignments, CMOs work closely with the OOs to ensure that collection
operations are designed to meet intelligence priorities fully and accurately; that recruitment of
and interaction with clandestine sources is as effective as possible; and that resulting intelligence
reports convey relevant information clearly and accurately—while at the same time protecting
collection operations as well as individual sources. In addition and as required, CMOs—like
OOs—are engaged in the full cycle of collection operations (spotting, assessing, developing,
recruiting and handling sources).

During Headquarters assignments, CMOs interact directly with the full range of intelligence
consumers—from the most senior policymakers to analysts throughout the intelligence, defense,
and law enforcement communities—to identify and prioritize intelligence collection needs and to
ensure they are communicated accurately to Operations Officers in the field. Typically, Core
Collector/CMOs spend approximately 40-50 percent of their career overseas.

Working as part of a team or independently with minimal supervision, CMOs must be able to
deal effectively with individuals at all levels, often under the pressure of fast breaking,
sometimes ambiguous, situations and rapidly changing intelligence priorities. CMOs must have
excellent verbal and written communications skills and well developed time management and
multitasking abilities along with rock solid judgment.

All applicants must successfully complete a thorough medical and psychological exam, a
polygraph interview and an extensive background investigation. US citizenship is required for
both applicant and spouse.

To be considered suitable for Agency employment, applicants must generally not have used
illegal drugs within the last twelve months. The issue of illegal drug use prior to twelve months
ago is carefully evaluated during the medical and security processing.

Important Notice: Knowledge by non-Agency personnel of your association with the
Central Intelligence Agency or the Intelligence Community may limit your ability to
perform or preclude you from certain assignments. NCS applicants should therefore
endeavor to protect the fact that they have applied and/or are thinking of applying to the
NCS. We urge your discretion throughout the entire hiring process to ensure maximum
flexibility for your potential NCS career. Further guidance will be provided as competitive
applicants move through the hiring steps.

To Apply:

Make a note of the position(s) that interest you, as you can apply for up to four positions in one
application. DO NOT submit multiple applications; this will only slow the review of your
application, and delay processing. Please read the Application Instructions carefully before you
begin the online application process.

Application Instructions

An equal opportunity employer and a drug-free work force.

Posted: Apr 21, 2007 06:16 PM
Last Updated: Mar 08, 2012 01:56 PM
Last Reviewed: Mar 01, 2012 01:16 PM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/opportunities/clandestine/core-collector.html




Headquarters Based Trainee Program
Work Schedule: Full Time

Salary:         $58,511 - $81,204
Location:      Washington, DC metropolitan area


The Headquarters Based Trainee (HBT) Program is an entry-level program for Headquarters-
based careers in the National Clandestine Service (NCS). HBTs have a minimum of a bachelor's
degree, a strong academic record (minimum 3.0 GPA), and demonstrated interest in international
affairs. Business and professional work experience is preferred. Candidates must also possess
strong interpersonal and communications skills, and the ability to write and brief clearly and
accurately. As with all NCS professional careers, the job responsibilities require absolute
personal and professional integrity.

The HBT Program includes orientation, introductory field tradecraft training, and interim
assignments in each of the described below career occupations (Staff Operations Officer and
Specialized Skills – Targeting Officer). NCS management places an individual in one of these
career tracks based on skills demonstrated during the training and interim phase and/or needs of
the service.



Staff Operations Officer

Based out of CIA Headquarters in Washington, DC, Staff Operations Officers (SOOs) plan,
guide and support intelligence collection operations, counterintelligence activities and covert
action programs. SOOs develop expertise on a particular geographic region or transnational
target (such as terrorism, counterintelligence, proliferation, or crime) and perform the
Headquarters-based coordination and investigation that drives operations in the field. The role of
CIA Headquarters is to provide strategic guidance, capabilities and resources to the field
components pursuing tactical operations worldwide. The SOO is the interface between
Headquarters and the field, and the SOO serves a critical role in translating executive guidance
into operational action overseas. SOOs provide the 'big picture' in their guidance to field
operations.

Clandestine operations require considerable operational, legal, budgetary and policy coordination,
much of which is performed by SOOs at Headquarters. SOOs also play a role in obtaining policy
and legal approvals for covert actions, which are directed by the President and require
coordination with other government agencies. SOOs may be responsible for managing
considerable budgets and resources for a range of covert action or other programs.

SOOs are the Clandestine Service's operational representatives to the Washington, DC national
security community. CIA Headquarters is a team environment, and SOOs have the opportunity
to work closely not only with other members of the Clandestine Service, but across the Agency
Directorates. SOOs interact with the broad range of intelligence community agencies on
operational matters and often work with their DIA, FBI, NSA and ODNI counterparts. SOOs
may have the opportunity to brief Congress or the National Security Council at the White House,
or attend meetings at the Pentagon.
SOOs must possess excellent communication skills, as they are often required to write nuanced
operational guidance or brief complex developments, often at short notice. SOOs are also
consummate networkers and problem solvers, reaching across the organization to overcome
hurdles and enable operations. SOOs must be flexible, pay attention to detail and have ability to
multi-task. SOOs that develop a subject matter expertise can pursue successive assignments on
that particular issue. Alternatively, SOOs interested in management responsibilities can pursue
leadership training and opportunities to manage headquarters-based elements.

Specialized Skills Officer - Targeting

The Targeting Officer is primarily based in the Washington, DC area with some opportunities for
tours and short assignments overseas. In today’s fast-paced and technologically savvy world,
targeting is critical to the success of the National Clandestine Service’s (NCS) global mission.
Officers in this career track will directly support and drive complex worldwide NCS operations
leading to the collection of actionable intelligence against the highest priority threats to U.S.
security.

Targeting Officers are specialists who bring unique skills to the NCS necessary for enhanced
exploitation of transnational issues and difficult target sets. SSO-T's develop in-depth,
substantive expertise geared towards NCS operations. They research and analyze complex
datasets, develop strategic overviews of targets, and generate leads to advance overseas
operations. Effective SSO-Ts are inquisitive, investigative, and action-oriented. They must be
able to synthesize large – often nonspecific – datasets and intelligence into a strategic picture and
clearly and concisely convey it to non-expert audiences. They require strong organizational and
communication skills (both verbal and written). Officers selected for this occupation will be
trained and certified in the SSO-T career track and afforded opportunities to work in overseas
operating environments if they are interested in doing so.



All applicants must successfully complete a thorough medical and psychological exam, a
polygraph interview and an extensive background investigation. US citizenship is required.

To be considered suitable for Agency employment, applicants must generally not have used
illegal drugs within the last twelve months. The issue of illegal drug use prior to twelve months
ago is carefully evaluated during the medical and security processing.

Important Notice: Friends, family, individuals, or organizations may be interested to learn
that you are an applicant for or an employee of the CIA. Their interest, however, may not
be benign or in your best interest. You cannot control whom they would tell. We therefore
ask you to exercise discretion and good judgment in disclosing your interest in a position
with the Agency. You will receive further guidance on this topic as you proceed through
your CIA employment processing.

To Apply:
Make a note of the position(s) that interest you, as you can apply for up to four positions in one
application. DO NOT submit multiple applications; this will only slow the review of your
application, and delay processing. Please read the Application Instructions carefully before you
begin the online application process.

Application Instructions

An equal opportunity employer and a drug-free work force.

Posted: Jun 10, 2010 11:23 AM
Last Updated: Mar 08, 2012 01:56 PM
Last Reviewed: Jul 15, 2011 07:35 AM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/opportunities/clandestine/headquarters-based-trainee-
program.html




Paramilitary Operations
Officer/Specialized Skills Officer
Work Schedule: Full Time

Salary:         $58,511 – $81,204

Location:       Washington, DC metropolitan area




The Clandestine Service is looking for U.S. citizen candidates to fill Paramilitary Operations
Officer and Specialized Skills Officer positions. Paramilitary Operations Officers and
Specialized Skills Officers serve both at our Headquarters in Washington DC and overseas.
Qualified candidates can expect to focus on intelligence operations and activities for U.S.
policymakers in hazardous and austere overseas environments. Paramilitary Operations Officer
candidates are normally trained in the Clandestine Service Trainee (CST) Program. Specialized
Skills Officers conduct and/or directly support CIA operations leveraging their media, technical
and/or military experience including aviation, maritime or psychological warfare skills.



Minimum requirements for Paramilitary Operations Officers include a bachelor's degree,
military special operations or combat arms experience (ground, air or maritime), as well as
combat leadership experience. Previous foreign travel and foreign language proficiency is highly
valued. For Specialized Skills Officers, minimum requirements also include a bachelor's degree.
A background in aviation, maritime, military psychological warfare and/or information
operations, as well as communications, business and counterintelligence are preferred. The 35-
year maximum age requirement can be waived on a case-by-case basis.

All applicants must successfully complete a thorough medical and psychological exam, a
polygraph interview and an extensive background investigation. US citizenship is required.

To be considered suitable for Agency employment, applicants must generally not have used
illegal drugs within the last twelve months. The issue of illegal drug use prior to twelve months
ago is carefully evaluated during the medical and security processing.

Important Notice: Knowledge by non-Agency personnel of your association with the
Central Intelligence Agency or the Intelligence Community may limit your ability to
perform or preclude you from certain assignments. NCS applicants should therefore
endeavor to protect the fact that they have applied and/or are thinking of applying to the
NCS. We urge your discretion throughout the entire hiring process to ensure maximum
flexibility for your potential NCS career. Further guidance will be provided as competitive
applicants move through the hiring steps.

To Apply:

Make a note of the position(s) that interest you, as you can apply for up to four positions in one
application. DO NOT submit multiple applications; this will only slow the review of your
application, and delay processing. Please read the Application Instructions carefully before you
begin the online application process.

Application Instructions

An equal opportunity employer and a drug-free work force.

Posted: Apr 21, 2007 06:18 PM
Last Updated: Mar 08, 2012 01:56 PM
Last Reviewed: Mar 08, 2010 12:27 PM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/opportunities/clandestine/paramilitary-operations-officer-
specialized-skills-officer.html




NCS Language Officer
Work Schedule: Full Time

Salary:         $51,630 – $94,837
Location:      Washington, DC metropolitan area


Performing a critical and dynamic function within the National Clandestine Service (NCS), the
Language Officer applies advanced foreign language skills, experience, and expertise to provide
high-quality translation, interpretation, and language-related support for a variety of NCS
clandestine operations. In addition to expert language skills, Language Officers provide in-depth
cultural insight-an important dimension of the job. Language Officers also work closely with
officers in other NCS disciplines, particularly field collectors, to support the overall mission of
intelligence acquisition. As with other NCS professions, foreign travel opportunities and certain
specialized training are also integral elements of the job. NCS is seeking candidates fluent in the
following languages: Arabic, Chinese, Dari, Korean, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Russian and Somali.

In addition to a salary range of $51,630 – $94,837, new employees who already possess excellent
language skills may be eligible for a significant hiring bonus and language use payments. For
more information on our language incentive programs, please refer to Language Opportunities
page.



Minimum requirements include a bachelor's degree, native or near-native fluency in a foreign
language (Arabic, Chinese, Dari, Korean, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Russian and Somali), and a
strong interest in international affairs. Candidates must possess sound English language writing
and oral skills and good interpersonal and communications skills. As with all NCS professional
specializations, the responsibilities of a Language Officer require absolute personal and
professional dedication to mission.

All applicants must successfully complete a language test, a thorough medical and psychological
evaluation, a polygraph interview and an extensive background investigation. U.S. citizenship is
a requirement.

To be considered suitable for Agency employment, applicants must generally not have used
illegal drugs within the last twelve months. The issue of illegal drug use prior to twelve months
ago is carefully evaluated during the medical and security processing.

Important Notice: Knowledge by non-Agency personnel of your association with the
Central Intelligence Agency or the Intelligence Community may limit your ability to
perform or preclude you from certain assignments. NCS applicants should therefore
endeavor to protect the fact that they have applied and/or are thinking of applying to the
NCS. We urge your discretion throughout the entire hiring process to ensure maximum
flexibility for your potential NCS career. Further guidance will be provided as competitive
applicants move through the hiring steps.

To Apply:
Make a note of the position(s) that interest you, as you can apply for up to four positions in one
application. DO NOT submit multiple applications; this will only slow the review of your
application, and delay processing. Please read the Application Instructions carefully before you
begin the online application process.

Application Instructions

An equal opportunity employer and a drug-free work force.

Posted: Apr 21, 2007 06:19 PM
Last Updated: Mar 15, 2012 10:09 AM
Last Reviewed: Mar 15, 2012 10:09 AM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/opportunities/clandestine/ncs-language-officer.html




FAQs Clandestine Service
   1. What is the mission of the National Clandestine Service (NCS)?
   2. How does the NCS fit into the Intelligence Community (IC) and the Central Intelligence
       Agency (CIA)?
   3. Who leads the NCS?
   4. How is the NCS organized?
   5. Who works for the NCS?
   6. Is the NCS for me?
   7. What jobs are currently available?
   8. Where will I serve?
   9. What is a Core Collector?
   10. Can I disclose that I work or have applied to work for the CIA?
   11. What benefits are available?
   12. What is the employment process?
   13. Are internships available in the National Clandestine Service?
   14. Does the CIA spy on Americans?
   15. Who decides when the CIA should participate in Covert Actions, and why?
   16. What is the CIA's role in combating international terrorism?
   17. Who oversees the CIA? Does it act on its own initiative?
   18. What if I want to eventually work for CIA?



1. What is the mission of the National Clandestine Service (NCS)?

The mission of the National Clandestine Service is to strengthen national security and foreign
policy objectives through the collection of human intelligence (HUMINT) and Covert Action.
[Top of Page]

2. How does the NCS fit into the Intelligence Community (IC) and the Central Intelligence
Agency (CIA)?

The CIA is one of 16 agencies in the IC. The CIA is comprised of four directorates - one of
which is the NCS. The NCS serves as the clandestine arm of the CIA, collecting human source
intelligence (HUMINT) worldwide through human and technical means. In addition, the NCS
serves as the national authority for the coordination, de-confliction and evaluation of clandestine
operations across the Intelligence Community.

[Top of Page]

3. Who leads the NCS?

The Director of the National Clandestine Service (DNCS) leads the NCS workforce and the
Clandestine HUMINT Community. In coordination with the HUMINT Community, the DNCS
jointly establishes and implements Community HUMINT standards and best practices; integrates
the Community's operational HUMINT capabilities through collaborative planning, targeting,
and synchronized operations; and monitors and evaluates the performance and status of the
Clandestine HUMINT Enterprise.

[Top of Page]

4. How is the NCS organized?

The NCS is organized by geographic regions and issues.

[Top of Page]

5. Who works for the NCS?

Scientists, engineers, economists, lawyers, historians, linguists, mathematicians, secretaries,
accountants and computer specialists are but a few of the professionals continually in demand.
Much of the Agency’s work, like that done in academic institutions, requires research, careful
evaluation, and writing of reports that end up on the desks of this nation’s policymakers.
Applicants are expected to have a college degree with a minimum GPA of 3.0 and must be
willing to relocate to the Washington, D.C., area. Selection for Agency employment is highly
competitive and employees must successfully complete a polygraph and medical examination
and a background investigation before entering on duty. The Agency endorses equal employment
opportunity for all employees. For further information, see the CIA Careers page.

[Top of Page]

6. Is the NCS for me?
The NCS is shaped by a diverse ethnic, educational and professional cadre. Common qualities of
NCS Officers include, a strong record of academic and professional achievement, good writing
skills, problem-solving abilities, and highly developed interpersonal skills. Overseas experience
and language capabilities are a plus but not a requirement for those wishing to apply.

[Top of Page]

7. What jobs are currently available?

Carefully read the "Careers at the CIA" page for current vacancies and application details.

[Top of Page]

8. Where will I serve?

Officers of the NCS serve worldwide. More information is available once the applicant enters on
duty.

[Top of Page]

9. What is a Core Collector?

Carefully read the Core Collector page.

[Top of Page]

10. Can I disclose that I work or have applied to work for the CIA?

We strongly encourage applicants to refrain from disclosing information concerning employment
with the CIA, regardless of application status. Knowledge by non-Agency personnel of your
association with the CIA or IC may limit your ability to perform or preclude you from certain
assignments. NCS applicants should therefore endeavor to protect the fact that they have applied
and/or are thinking of applying to the CIA. We strongly urge your discretion throughout the
entire hiring process to ensure maximum flexibility for your potential NCS career. Further
guidance will be provided as competitive applicants move through the hiring steps.

[Top of Page]

11. What benefits are available?

The Central Intelligence Agency offers many benefits. Most are competitive with the private
industry. These include:

      Paid Time Off
      Federal Health and Life Insurance
      Retirement
      Education and Training
      Health Services
      Child Care Centers
      Credit Union

Carefully read about Benefits in detail at Life at CIA.

[Top of Page]

12. What is the employment process?

Carefully read the "Careers at the CIA" page for current vacancies and application details.

[Top of Page]

13. Are internships available in the National Clandestine Service?

Carefully read the Internship Programs page of the National Clandestine Service.

[Top of Page]

14. Does the CIA spy on Americans?

By direction of the President in Executive Order 12333 of 1981 and in accordance with
procedures approved by the Attorney General, the CIA is restricted in the collection of
intelligence information directed against U.S. citizens. Collection is allowed only for an
authorized intelligence purpose; for example, if there is a reason to believe that an individual is
involved in espionage or international terrorist activities. The CIA's procedures require senior
approval for any such collection that is allowed, and, depending on the collection technique
employed, the sanction of the Director of National Intelligence and Attorney General may be
required. These restrictions on the CIA have been in effect since the 1970s.

[Top of Page]

15. Who decides when the CIA should participate in Covert Actions, and why?

Only the President can direct the CIA to undertake Covert Action. Such actions usually are
recommended by the National Security Council (NSC) [external link disclaimer]. Intelligence
oversight committees of the United States Congress provide oversight on all Covert Action
activities.

[Top of Page]

16. What is the CIA's role in combating international terrorism?
The CIA supports the overall U.S. government effort to combat international terrorism by
collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence on foreign terrorist groups and individuals.
The CIA also works with friendly foreign governments and shares pertinent information with
them.

[Top of Page]

17. Who oversees the CIA? Does it act on its own initiative?

Both the Congress and the Executive Branch oversee the CIA’s activities. In addition, the CIA is
responsible to the American people through their elected representatives, and, like other
government agencies, acts in accordance with U.S. laws and executive orders. In the Executive
Branch, the National Security Council—including the President, the Vice President, the
Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Defense—provides guidance and direction for national
foreign intelligence and counterintelligence activities. In Congress, the Senate Select Committee
on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, as well as other
committees, closely monitor the Agency’s reporting and programs. The CIA is not a policy-
making organization; it advises the Director of National Intelligence on matters of foreign
intelligence, and it conducts Covert Actions only at the direction of the President.

[Top of Page]

18. What if I want to eventually work for CIA?

To qualify for a position with the Agency, you must be 18 years of age, a U.S. citizen, and a high
school graduate. Our personnel requirements change from month-to-month as positions are filled
and others become available. A college degree, preferably an advanced degree, is a standard
requirement for overseas Officers, Intelligence Analysts, and other Non-Clerical positions.
Knowledge of a foreign language is also helpful. Because the Agency's personnel needs span
such a broad spectrum, we do not recommend any one academic track over another.

Carefully read the "Careers at the CIA" page for current vacancies and application details.

[Top of Page]

Posted: Mar 23, 2009 09:40 AM
Last Updated: Jan 23, 2013 10:17 AM
Last Reviewed: Jul 02, 2012 04:10 PM
https://www.cia.gov/offices-of-cia/clandestine-service/faqs.html




Benefits
Every career at the CIA is a rewarding one. In addition to serving your country with the certainty
that your work makes a difference, the CIA offers a comprehensive benefits package to reflect
the dedication and contributions of our employees.


WORK LIFE BALANCE

      Paid Time Off
           o Annual Leave
           o Sick Leave
           o Family Friendly Leave
           o Medical Leave Bank
           o Home Leave
           o Holidays
      Alternative Work Schedules and Hours
      Moving Expenses
      Personal and Family Support
      Family Advisory Board
           o Dependent Scholarships
           o Child Care
      Fitness and Recreation Programs
      Salary
      Credit Union
      Student Loan Repayment Assistance Program (SLRAP)

HEALTH and WELL-BEING

      Health Insurance
      Flexible Spending Plans
      Life Insurance
      Supplemental Insurance

LONG TERM PLANNING

      Education and Training
      Retirement
           o Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)
           o Voluntary Investment Plan
      Career Transition Plan
Work Life Balance

Paid Time Off

Annual Leave
Employees accrue annual leave each leave period to be used for approved absence from work.
Annual leave accrual rates are determined by an individual's total years of federal service.

Years of Service Hours/Pay Period Days/Year

   Less than 3            4            13

3 but less than 15        6            20

   15 or more             8            26


Employees are allowed to carry a maximum of 30 workdays (240 hours) of accrued annual leave
into the next leave year. Employees with overseas service can carry up to 360 hours, and Senior
Intelligence Service Officers, up to 720 hours.

[Top of Page]

Federal Workforce Flexibility Act (FWFA) — Annual Leave Enhancements
The Central Intelligence Agency in April 2006 adopted portions of the Federal Workforce
Flexibility Act of 2004. FWFA provides that a newly appointed employee's non-Federal work
experience may be creditable in determining the amount of annual leave earned each biweekly
pay period. Qualified non-Federal work experience (at least three years) must have been
performed in a position with duties that directly relate to the position to which he or she is hired
at the CIA.

\Work Experience Supplement Form [PDF Only 117MB*] — THIS FORM SHOULD BE
COMPLETED ONLY IF YOU WERE ASKED TO DO SO BY AN AGENCY
RECRUITER OR REPRESENTATIVE.

[Top of Page]

Sick Leave
Employees accrue sick leave each leave period to be used for personal illness, care of sick family
members, adoption, and medical appointments. Full-time employees accrue four hours of sick
leave per pay period, or up to 13 workdays per leave year. Unlimited hours of sick leave can be
accumulated and carried over to succeeding years.

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Family Friendly Leave
Full-time employees may use up to 40 hours of accrued sick leave each year for routine family
care and bereavement purposes. Employees may use up to 64 additional hours (104 total) of their
sick leave for family care and bereavement purposes, provided they maintain a sick leave
balance of at least 80 hours. Employees may be eligible for the Leave Transfer Programs.

In addition to other paid time off, an employee may be eligible for FMLA leave. Under the
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA), most Federal employees are entitled to a total
of up to 12 workweeks of unpaid leave during any 12 month period.

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Medical Leave Bank
Voluntary membership in this program allows employees to maintain a paid leave status during
periods of extended personal or family medical emergencies and incapacitation preceding or
following childbirth.

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Home Leave
Full-time employees accrue 1.25 days/month, up to 15 days per leave year, of home leave for
each year of overseas service.

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Holidays
CIA employees have 10 paid Federal holidays per year: New Year's Day, Martin Luther King
Jr.'s birthday, Presidents Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day,
Veterans Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas.

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Alternative Work Schedule and Hours
The CIA allows for flexibility in scheduling working hours and tours of duty for its employees
including, but not limited to, gliding schedule, compressed week, variable day and week,
flextime, part-time, and job sharing as office needs permit.

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Moving Expenses
The CIA will reimburse new appointees certain costs for personal and dependent travel expenses
and shipment of household goods, not to exceed 18,000 pounds. For more information about
apartments and housing in the Washington Metropolitan Area, visit Apartment or Home Search.

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Personal and Family Support
CIA work-life programs provide information, make referrals, and answer questions about work
concerns or family situations, including child and elder care resources, emergency assistance and
counseling. Preparation for overseas assignments is available for both employees and family
members.

CIA employees and their families are eligible to participate in services offered by
WorkLife4You. For additional information about WorkLife4You, visit WorkLife4You.com.
[external link disclaimer]

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Family Advisory Board
The FAB provides a unique opportunity for spouses not employed by the CIA to learn more
about the Agency and to play an important role in helping family members and single employees
adjust to relocation. Volunteers on the FAB meet with Agency management to discuss employee
and family issues and run the Neighborhood Network relocation assistance program.

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Dependent Scholarships
Dependents of CIA employees can apply for scholarships, direct grants and interest free loans
offered through the Educational Assistance Program.

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Child Care
The CIA sponsors two NAEYC accredited daycare facilities that accept children who are three
months old through pre-kindergarten. One program also offers a full-day kindergarten program.
In addition, eligible employees can participate in the child care subsidy program. Referrals to
other child care centers are available through WorkLife4You.com.

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Fitness and Recreation Programs
The CIA offers on-site fitness facilities. Through the Employee Association, access to intramural
teams as well as sports and theater tickets are available to employees and their families.

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Salary
The CIA offers competitive salaries. In addition to basic pay, in certain circumstances,
employees can receive overtime compensation, holiday pay, night differential, Sunday premium
pay, bonuses, and allowances.

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Credit Union
The Credit Union is a full-service financial institution with six branches and a 24-hour PC
banking program. Membership entitles employees and their families to excellent service,
competitive rates, and a full range of services including:

      Free checking, with no minimum balance, no monthly or per item fees, and interest paid on any
       balance
      ATM access to Credit Union, HONOR/Star, and Cirrus Network ATMs
      Free online banking with bill payer to make transfers, pay bills, view cancelled checks, verify
       account histories, and more, any time of day or night
      Free direct deposit of your paycheck and payroll deduction options
      Convenience services such as check cashing privileges, bank-by phone service, safe deposit
       boxes, traveler’s cheques, US Savings bonds, and more
      Competitive rates on savings products and loans
      Mortgage and Equity Loans
      Free Auto Locating Service
      Deposits are federally insured by the National Credit Union Association

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Student Loan Repayment Assistance Program (SLRAP)
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) offers a Student Loan Repayment Assistance Program
(SLRAP). The program is designed to help employees repay educational loans that were initiated
prior to accepting their employment with the Agency. The program is open to CIA staff officers
who have six years or less tenure with the Agency and who have active and current student loans
that are not in deferment or forbearance. Employees approved for participation must sign a
written Continued Service Agreement (CSA) obligating them to complete a specified period of
employment with CIA. A CSA must be signed by an employee for each year that the employee
participates in the program. For purposes of this program, an eligible student loan is defined as
one that was initiated prior to Agency employment from one of the following: (1) Loan
institutions insured or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, the District of Columbia government,
a state or U.S. territory, or those insured or guaranteed by a bona fide educational institution
attended by the employee seeking reimbursement; (2) U.S. commercial institution loans
expressly and exclusively for the purpose of funding, in whole or in part, educational costs.

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Health and Well-Being

Health Insurance
Federal Employees Health Benefits Plans (FEHBP): Employees can choose from the FEHBP list
of fee-for-service, health savings accounts, and HMO health insurance plans that vary in costs
and benefits. A comparison guide and plan brochures are available at www.opm.gov/insure.
FEHBP does not place limitations on enrollments due to pre-existing conditions; however,
employees should carefully review the plans to ensure they select the best coverage for their
needs. Employees may change their insurance plan each year during an open season.

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Flexible Spending Plans
A Flexible Spending Account (FSA) is a tax-favored program that allows employees to set aside
pre-tax money from your paychecks to pay for a variety of eligible expenses. Employees can
enroll in the Health Care Flexible Spending Account and/or Dependent Care Flexible Spending
Account. For more information review the FSA Web site at www.opm.gov/insure.

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Life Insurance
Through the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Program, the government offers
group term life insurance at reasonable rates via payroll deductions. CIA employees have a
second option for group term life insurance.

For more information about FEGLI and other life insurance visit www.opm.gov/insure.

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Supplemental Insurance
Supplemental Insurance programs are also available. Payroll deducted insurance plans include
Income Replacement, Group Accident, and Long Term Care. For more information about these
programs, visit www.opm.gov/insure.

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Long Term Planning

Education and Training
Education and training should be part of every CIA employee's career development. Employees
have access to a variety of training programs. All new employees attend a basic orientation, and
most receive on-the-job and formal classroom training through a wide variety of internal courses.
Employees may also be sponsored for external university and professional training, both full-
time and part-time, in programs relevant to their jobs.

The CIA has a complete library with an excellent reference service and an extensive collection of
national and international newspapers and periodicals. There is a self-study center and a
language school. Monetary awards are available for gaining and maintaining competence in
select foreign languages.
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Retirement
New employees without prior Federal service are automatically covered by the Federal
Employees' Retirement System (FERS) three-tier system consisting of the Thrift Savings Plan
(TSP), Social Security, and FERS basic benefit. Minimum retirement age under FERS is
dependent on date of birth, but ranges from age 55 to 57. After completing five years of
qualifying overseas service, FERS participants may be eligible to participate in the FERS CIA
Special Category retirement system. FERS Special allows an employee to retire at age 50 with
20 or more years of service.

Additional information about FERS and CSRS is available at www.opm.gov/retire

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Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)
The TSP is a retirement savings and investment plan for Federal employees. It is one element of
the FERS three-part retirement package - TSP, Social Security, and FERS basic benefit - and
consists of six investment funds including stocks, bonds, government securities and a lifecycle
fund. TSP participants can also borrow from their own TSP contributions and earnings. The
Government will automatically contribute one percent and match FERS and FERS Special
employee contributions up to five percent of basic salary per pay period. A vesting period applies.

Beginning in 2006, employee contributions to TSP will be subject only to the Internal Revenue
Service (IRS) elective deferral limit. Visit www.tsp.gov or additional information about TSP.

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Voluntary Investment Plan
This IRS-qualified pension plan (401A) is designed to offer employees an opportunity to
supplement their Social Security, retirement annuity, and Thrift Plan contributions. Participants
pool their contributions to invest regularly in a tax-deferred program consisting of four
investment options. There are no employer contributions.

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Career Transition Planning
The CIA offers an array of services to assist employees with career and transition planning, and
also assists employees in making a successful transition into retirement or a second career.
Services include career counseling for employees seeking a career change within or outside the
CIA, resume review and distribution via an area-wide network of corporate recruiters, job leads
with numerous area employers in a variety of industries and functions, as well as pre-retirement
workshops.

Resources are available to spouses of new and relocating employees through the LEADS job
search resource and counseling program.
* Adobe® Reader® is needed to view Adobe PDF files. If you don't already have Adobe Reader
installed, you may download the current version at www.adobe.com (opens in a new window).
[external link disclaimer]

[Top of Page]

Posted: May 05, 2007 12:32 PM
Last Updated: Feb 11, 2013 05:36 PM
Last Reviewed: Mar 01, 2012 02:49 PM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/life-at-cia/benefits.html




Life at CIA
The CIA offers exciting career opportunities and a dynamic environment. We're on the forefront
of world-altering events — as they happen. So working here isn't just a job, it's a mindset and a
lifestyle.

You'll find a supportive environment to help you grow and excel both professionally and
personally. And a culture that expects you to do your personal best every day. Explore our world
and imagine yourself working for the nation, in the center of intelligence.

Posted: May 04, 2007 06:26 PM
Last Updated: Feb 11, 2013 05:34 PM
Last Reviewed: Nov 23, 2010 04:10 PM
https://www.cia.gov/careers/life-at-cia/index.html




Executive Order 12333
United States Intelligence Activities
December 4, 1981
(As Amended by Executive Orders 13284 (2003), 13355 (2004)
and 13470 (2008))



Table of Contents

Preamble
Part 1. Goals, Directions, Duties, and Responsibilities with Respect to United States
Intelligence Efforts

1.1 Goals

1.2 The National Security Council

1.3 Director of National Intelligence

1.4 The Intelligence Community

1.5 Duties and Responsibilities of the Heads of Executive Branch Departments and Agencies

1.6 Heads of Elements of the Intelligence Community

1.7 Intelligence Community Elements

1.8 The Department of State

1.9 The Department of the Treasury

1.10 The Department of Defense

1.11 The Department of Homeland Security

1.12 The Department of Energy

1.13 The Federal Bureau of Investigation

Part 2. Conduct of Intelligence Activities

2.1 Need

2.2 Purpose

2.3 Collection of information

2.4 Collection Techniques

2.5 Attorney General Approval

2.6 Assistance to Law Enforcement and other Civil Authorities

2.7 Contracting

2.8 Consistency With Other Laws
2.9 Undisclosed Participation in Organizations Within the United States

2.10 Human Experimentation

2.11 Prohibition on Assassination

2.12 Indirect Participation

2.13 Limitation on Covert Action

Part 3. General Provisions

3.1 Congressional Oversight

3.2 Implementation

3.3 Procedures

3.4 References and Transition

3.5 Definitions

3.6 Revocation

3.7 General Provisions



Timely, accurate, and insightful information about the activities, capabilities, plans, and
intentions of foreign powers, organizations, and persons, and their agents, is essential to the
national security of the United States. All reasonable and lawful means must be used to ensure
that the United States will receive the best intelligence possible. For that purpose, by virtue of the
authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America,
including the National Security Act of 1947, as amended, (Act) and as President of the United
States of America, in order to provide for the effective conduct of United States intelligence
activities and the protection of constitutional rights, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Part 1
Goals, Directions, Duties, and Responsibilities with Respect to United States Intelligence Efforts

1.1 Goals. The United States intelligence effort shall provide the President, the National Security
Council, and the Homeland Security Council with the necessary information on which to base
decisions concerning the development and conduct of foreign, defense, and economic policies,
and the protection of United States national interests from foreign security threats. All
departments and agencies shall cooperate fully to fulfill this goal.
(a) All means, consistent with applicable Federal law and this order, and with full consideration
of the rights of United States persons, shall be used to obtain reliable intelligence information to
protect the United States and its interests.

(b) The United States Government has a solemn obligation, and shall continue in the conduct of
intelligence activities under this order, to protect fully the legal rights of all United States persons,
including freedoms, civil liberties, and privacy rights guaranteed by Federal law.

(c) Intelligence collection under this order should be guided by the need for information to
respond to intelligence priorities set by the President.

(d) Special emphasis should be given to detecting and countering:

(1) Espionage and other threats and activities directed by foreign powers or their intelligence
services against the United States and its interests;

(2) Threats to the United States and its interests from terrorism; and

(3) Threats to the United States and its interests from the development, possession, proliferation,
or use of weapons of mass destruction.

(e) Special emphasis shall be given to the production of timely, accurate, and insightful reports,
responsive to decisionmakers in the executive branch, that draw on all appropriate sources of
information, including open source information, meet rigorous analytic standards, consider
diverse analytic viewpoints, and accurately represent appropriate alternative views.

(f) State, local, and tribal governments are critical partners in securing and defending the United
States from terrorism and other threats to the United States and its interests. Our national
intelligence effort should take into account the responsibilities and requirements of State, local,
and tribal governments and, as appropriate, private sector entities, when undertaking the
collection and dissemination of information and intelligence to protect the United States.

(g) All departments and agencies have a responsibility to prepare and to provide intelligence in a
manner that allows the full and free exchange of information, consistent with applicable law and
presidential guidance.

1.2 The National Security Council.

(a) Purpose. The National Security Council (NSC) shall act as the highest ranking executive
branch entity that provides support to the President for review of, guidance for, and direction to
the conduct of all foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, and covert action, and attendant
policies and programs.

(b) Covert Action and Other Sensitive Intelligence Operations. The NSC shall consider and
submit to the President a policy recommendation, including all dissents, on each proposed covert
action and conduct a periodic review of ongoing covert action activities, including an evaluation
of the effectiveness and consistency with current national policy of such activities and
consistency with applicable legal requirements. The NSC shall perform such other functions
related to covert action as the President may direct, but shall not undertake the conduct of covert
actions. The NSC shall also review proposals for other sensitive intelligence operations.

1.3 Director of National Intelligence. Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the
President, the Director of National Intelligence (Director) shall serve as the head of the
Intelligence Community, act as the principal adviser to the President, to the NSC, and to the
Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to national security, and shall oversee
and direct the implementation of the National Intelligence Program and execution of the National
Intelligence Program budget. The Director will lead a unified, coordinated, and effective
intelligence effort. In addition, the Director shall, in carrying out the duties and responsibilities
under this section, take into account the views of the heads of departments containing an element
of the Intelligence Community and of the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

(a) Except as otherwise directed by the President or prohibited by law, the Director shall have
access to all information and intelligence described in section 1.5(a) of this order. For the
purpose of access to and sharing of information and intelligence, the Director:

(1) Is hereby assigned the function under section 3(5) of the Act, to determine that intelligence,
regardless of the source from which derived and including information gathered within or
outside the United States, pertains to more than one United States Government agency; and

(2) Shall develop guidelines for how information or intelligence is provided to or accessed by the
Intelligence Community in accordance with section 1.5(a) of this order, and for how the
information or intelligence may be used and shared by the Intelligence Community. All
guidelines developed in accordance with this section shall be approved by the Attorney General
and, where applicable, shall be consistent with guidelines issued pursuant to section 1016 of the
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Protection Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458) (IRTPA).

(b) In addition to fulfilling the obligations and responsibilities prescribed by the Act, the Director:

(1) Shall establish objectives, priorities, and guidance for the Intelligence Community to ensure
timely and effective collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination of intelligence, of
whatever nature and from whatever source derived;

(2) May designate, in consultation with affected heads of departments or Intelligence
Community elements, one or more Intelligence Community elements to develop and to maintain
services of common concern on behalf of the Intelligence Community if the Director determines
such services can be more efficiently or effectively accomplished in a consolidated manner;

(3) Shall oversee and provide advice to the President and the NSC with respect to all ongoing
and proposed covert action programs;

(4) In regard to the establishment and conduct of intelligence arrangements and agreements with
foreign governments and international organizations:
(A) May enter into intelligence and counterintelligence arrangements and agreements with
foreign governments and international organizations;

(B) Shall formulate policies concerning intelligence and counterintelligence arrangements and
agreements with foreign governments and international organizations; and

(C) Shall align and synchronize intelligence and counterintelligence foreign relationships among
the elements of the Intelligence Community to further United States national security, policy,
and intelligence objectives;

(5) Shall participate in the development of procedures approved by the Attorney General
governing criminal drug intelligence activities abroad to ensure that these activities are consistent
with foreign intelligence programs;

(6) Shall establish common security and access standards for managing and handling intelligence
systems, information, and products, with special emphasis on facilitating:

(A) The fullest and most prompt access to and dissemination of information and intelligence
practicable, assigning the highest priority to detecting, preventing, preempting, and disrupting
terrorist threats and activities against the United States, its interests, and allies; and

(B) The establishment of standards for an interoperable information sharing enterprise that
facilitates the sharing of intelligence information among elements of the Intelligence Community;

(7) Shall ensure that appropriate departments and agencies have access to intelligence and
receive the support needed to perform independent analysis;

(8) Shall protect, and ensure that programs are developed to protect, intelligence sources,
methods, and activities from unauthorized disclosure;

(9) Shall, after consultation with the heads of affected departments and agencies, establish
guidelines for Intelligence Community elements for:

(A) Classification and declassification of all intelligence and intelligence-related information
classified under the authority of the Director or the authority of the head of a department or
Intelligence Community element; and

(B) Access to and dissemination of all intelligence and intelligence-related information, both in
its final form and in the form when initially gathered, to include intelligence originally classified
by the head of a department or Intelligence Community element, except that access to and
dissemination of information concerning United States persons shall be governed by procedures
developed in accordance with Part 2 of this order;

(10) May, only with respect to Intelligence Community elements, and after consultation with the
head of the originating Intelligence Community element or the head of the originating
department, declassify, or direct the declassification of, information or intelligence relating to
intelligence sources, methods, and activities. The Director may only delegate this authority to the
Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence;

(11) May establish, operate, and direct one or more national intelligence centers to address
intelligence priorities;

(12) May establish Functional Managers and Mission Managers, and designate officers or
employees of the United States to serve in these positions.

(A) Functional Managers shall report to the Director concerning the execution of their duties as
Functional Managers, and may be charged with developing and implementing strategic guidance,
policies, and procedures for activities related to a specific intelligence discipline or set of
intelligence activities; set training and tradecraft standards; and ensure coordination within and
across intelligence disciplines and Intelligence Community elements and with related non-
intelligence activities. Functional Managers may also advise the Director on: the management of
resources; policies and procedures; collection capabilities and gaps; processing and
dissemination of intelligence; technical architectures; and other issues or activities determined by
the Director.

(i) The Director of the National Security Agency is designated the Functional Manager for
signals intelligence;

(ii) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency is designated the Functional Manager for
human intelligence; and

(iii) The Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency is designated the Functional
Manager for geospatial intelligence.

(B) Mission Managers shall serve as principal substantive advisors on all or specified aspects of
intelligence related to designated countries, regions, topics, or functional issues;

(13) Shall establish uniform criteria for the determination of relative priorities for the
transmission of critical foreign intelligence, and advise the Secretary of Defense concerning the
communications requirements of the Intelligence Community for the transmission of such
communications;

(14) Shall have ultimate responsibility for production and dissemination of intelligence produced
by the Intelligence Community and authority to levy analytic tasks on intelligence production
organizations within the Intelligence Community, in consultation with the heads of the
Intelligence Community elements concerned;

(15) May establish advisory groups for the purpose of obtaining advice from within the
Intelligence Community to carry out the Director's responsibilities, to include Intelligence
Community executive management committees composed of senior Intelligence Community
leaders. Advisory groups shall consist of representatives from elements of the Intelligence
Community, as designated by the Director, or other executive branch departments, agencies, and
offices, as appropriate;

(16) Shall ensure the timely exploitation and dissemination of data gathered by national
intelligence collection means, and ensure that the resulting intelligence is disseminated
immediately to appropriate government elements, including military commands;

(17) Shall determine requirements and priorities for, and manage and direct the tasking,
collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of, national intelligence by elements of the
Intelligence Community, including approving requirements for collection and analysis and
resolving conflicts in collection requirements and in the tasking of national collection assets of
Intelligence Community elements (except when otherwise directed by the President or when the
Secretary of Defense exercises collection tasking authority under plans and arrangements
approved by the Secretary of Defense and the Director);

(18) May provide advisory tasking concerning collection and analysis of information or
intelligence relevant to national intelligence or national security to departments, agencies, and
establishments of the United States Government that are not elements of the Intelligence
Community; and shall establish procedures, in consultation with affected heads of departments
or agencies and subject to approval by the Attorney General, to implement this authority and to
monitor or evaluate the responsiveness of United States Government departments, agencies, and
other establishments;

(19) Shall fulfill the responsibilities in section 1.3(b)(17) and (18) of this order, consistent with
applicable law and with full consideration of the rights of United States persons, whether
information is to be collected inside or outside the United States;

(20) Shall ensure, through appropriate policies and procedures, the deconfliction, coordination,
and integration of all intelligence activities conducted by an Intelligence Community element or
funded by the National Intelligence Program. In accordance with these policies and procedures:

(A) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall coordinate the clandestine
collection of foreign intelligence collected through human sources or through human-enabled
means and counterintelligence activities inside the United States;

(B) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall coordinate the clandestine collection of
foreign intelligence collected through human sources or through human-enabled means and
counterintelligence activities outside the United States;

(C) All policies and procedures for the coordination of counterintelligence activities and the
clandestine collection of foreign intelligence inside the United States shall be subject to the
approval of the Attorney General; and

(D) All policies and procedures developed under this section shall be coordinated with the heads
of affected departments and Intelligence Community elements;
(21) Shall, with the concurrence of the heads of affected departments and agencies, establish
joint procedures to deconflict, coordinate, and synchronize intelligence activities conducted by
an Intelligence Community element or funded by the National Intelligence Program, with
intelligence activities, activities that involve foreign intelligence and security services, or
activities that involve the use of clandestine methods, conducted by other United States
Government departments, agencies, and establishments;

(22) Shall, in coordination with the heads of departments containing elements of the Intelligence
Community, develop procedures to govern major system acquisitions funded in whole or in
majority part by the National Intelligence Program;

(23) Shall seek advice from the Secretary of State to ensure that the foreign policy implications
of proposed intelligence activities are considered, and shall ensure, through appropriate policies
and procedures, that intelligence activities are conducted in a manner consistent with the
responsibilities pursuant to law and presidential direction of Chiefs of United States Missions;
and

(24) Shall facilitate the use of Intelligence Community products by the Congress in a secure
manner.

(c) The Director's exercise of authorities in the Act and this order shall not abrogate the statutory
or other responsibilities of the heads of departments of the United States Government or the
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Directives issued and actions taken by the Director
in the exercise of the Director's authorities and responsibilities to integrate, coordinate, and make
the Intelligence Community more effective in providing intelligence related to national security
shall be implemented by the elements of the Intelligence Community, provided that any
department head whose department contains an element of the Intelligence Community and who
believes that a directive or action of the Director violates the requirements of section 1018 of the
IRTPA or this subsection shall bring the issue to the attention of the Director, the NSC, or the
President for resolution in a manner that respects and does not abrogate the statutory
responsibilities of the heads of the departments.

(d) Appointments to certain positions.

(1) The relevant department or bureau head shall provide recommendations and obtain the
concurrence of the Director for the selection of: the Director of the National Security Agency,
the Director of the National Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the National Geospatial-
Intelligence Agency, the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis,
the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, the Director of the Office of
Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the Department of Energy, the Assistant Secretary for
Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury, and the Executive Assistant
Director for the National Security Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. If the Director
does not concur in the recommendation, the department head may not fill the vacancy or make
the recommendation to the President, as the case may be. If the department head and the Director
do not reach an agreement on the selection or recommendation, the Director and the department
head concerned may advise the President directly of the Director's intention to withhold
concurrence.

(2) The relevant department head shall consult with the Director before appointing an individual
to fill a vacancy or recommending to the President an individual be nominated to fill a vacancy
in any of the following positions: the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence; the Director of
the Defense Intelligence Agency; uniformed heads of the intelligence elements of the Army, the
Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps above the rank of Major General or Rear Admiral;
the Assistant Commandant of the Coast Guard for Intelligence; and the Assistant Attorney
General for National Security.

(e) Removal from certain positions.

(1) Except for the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, whose removal the Director may
recommend to the President, the Director and the relevant department head shall consult on the
removal, or recommendation to the President for removal, as the case may be, of: the Director of
the National Security Agency, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for
Intelligence and Analysis, the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, and the
Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury. If the
Director and the department head do not agree on removal, or recommendation for removal,
either may make a recommendation to the President for the removal of the individual.

(2) The Director and the relevant department or bureau head shall consult on the removal of: the
Executive Assistant Director for the National Security Branch of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, the Director of the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the
Department of Energy, the Director of the National Reconnaissance Office, the Assistant
Commandant of the Coast Guard for Intelligence, and the Under Secretary of Defense for
Intelligence. With respect to an individual appointed by a department head, the department head
may remove the individual upon the request of the Director; if the department head chooses not
to remove the individual, either the Director or the department head may advise the President of
the department head's intention to retain the individual. In the case of the Under Secretary of
Defense for Intelligence, the Secretary of Defense may recommend to the President either the
removal or the retention of the individual. For uniformed heads of the intelligence elements of
the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps, the Director may make a
recommendation for removal to the Secretary of Defense.

(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the authority of the
President to nominate, appoint, assign, or terminate the appointment or assignment of any
individual, with or without a consultation, recommendation, or concurrence.

1.4 The Intelligence Community. Consistent with applicable Federal law and with the other
provisions of this order, and under the leadership of the Director, as specified in such law and
this order, the Intelligence Community shall:
(a) Collect and provide information needed by the President and, in the performance of executive
functions, the Vice President, the NSC, the Homeland Security Council, the Chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, senior military commanders, and other executive branch officials and, as
appropriate, the Congress of the United States;

(b) In accordance with priorities set by the President, collect information concerning, and
conduct activities to protect against, international terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction, intelligence activities directed against the United States, international criminal drug
activities, and other hostile activities directed against the United States by foreign powers,
organizations, persons, and their agents;

(c) Analyze, produce, and disseminate intelligence;

(d) Conduct administrative, technical, and other support activities within the United States and
abroad necessary for the performance of authorized activities, to include providing services of
common concern for the Intelligence Community as designated by the Director in accordance
with this order;

(e) Conduct research, development, and procurement of technical systems and devices relating to
authorized functions and missions or the provision of services of common concern for the
Intelligence Community;

(f) Protect the security of intelligence related activities, information, installations, property, and
employees by appropriate means, including such investigations of applicants, employees,
contractors, and other persons with similar associations with the Intelligence Community
elements as are necessary;

(g) Take into account State, local, and tribal governments' and, as appropriate, private sector
entities' information needs relating to national and homeland security;

(h) Deconflict, coordinate, and integrate all intelligence activities and other information
gathering in accordance with section 1.3(b)(20) of this order; and

(i) Perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence activities as the President may
direct.

1.5 Duties and Responsibilities of the Heads of Executive Branch Departments and Agencies.
The heads of all departments and agencies shall:

(a) Provide the Director access to all information and intelligence relevant to the national
security or that otherwise is required for the performance of the Director's duties, to include
administrative and other appropriate management information, except such information excluded
by law, by the President, or by the Attorney General acting under this order at the direction of the
President;
(b) Provide all programmatic and budgetary information necessary to support the Director in
developing the National Intelligence Program;

(c) Coordinate development and implementation of intelligence systems and architectures and, as
appropriate, operational systems and architectures of their departments, agencies, and other
elements with the Director to respond to national intelligence requirements and all applicable
information sharing and security guidelines, information privacy, and other legal requirements;

(d) Provide, to the maximum extent permitted by law, subject to the availability of appropriations
and not inconsistent with the mission of the department or agency, such further support to the
Director as the Director may request, after consultation with the head of the department or
agency, for the performance of the Director's functions;

(e) Respond to advisory tasking from the Director under section 1.3(b)(18) of this order to the
greatest extent possible, in accordance with applicable policies established by the head of the
responding department or agency;

(f) Ensure that all elements within the department or agency comply with the provisions of Part 2
of this order, regardless of Intelligence Community affiliation, when performing foreign
intelligence and counterintelligence functions;

(g) Deconflict, coordinate, and integrate all intelligence activities in accordance with section
1.3(b)(20), and intelligence and other activities in accordance with section 1.3(b)(21) of this
order;

(h) Inform the Attorney General, either directly or through the Federal Bureau of Investigation,
and the Director of clandestine collection of foreign intelligence and counterintelligence
activities inside the United States not coordinated with the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

(i) Pursuant to arrangements developed by the head of the department or agency and the Director
of the Central Intelligence Agency and approved by the Director, inform the Director and the
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, either directly or through his designee serving
outside the United States, as appropriate, of clandestine collection of foreign intelligence
collected through human sources or through human-enabled means outside the United States that
has not been coordinated with the Central Intelligence Agency; and

(j) Inform the Secretary of Defense, either directly or through his designee, as appropriate, of
clandestine collection of foreign intelligence outside the United States in a region of combat or
contingency military operations designated by the Secretary of Defense, for purposes of this
paragraph, after consultation with the Director of National Intelligence.
1.6 Heads of Elements of the Intelligence Community. The heads of elements of the Intelligence
Community shall:

(a) Provide the Director access to all information and intelligence relevant to the national
security or that otherwise is required for the performance of the Director's duties, to include
administrative and other appropriate management information, except such information excluded
by law, by the President, or by the Attorney General acting under this order at the direction of the
President;

(b) Report to the Attorney General possible violations of Federal criminal laws by employees
and of specified Federal criminal laws by any other person as provided in procedures agreed
upon by the Attorney General and the head of the department, agency, or establishment
concerned, in a manner consistent with the protection of intelligence sources and methods, as
specified in those procedures;

(c) Report to the Intelligence Oversight Board, consistent with Executive Order 13462 of
February 29, 2008, and provide copies of all such reports to the Director, concerning any
intelligence activities of their elements that they have reason to believe may be unlawful or
contrary to executive order or presidential directive;

(d) Protect intelligence and intelligence sources, methods, and activities from unauthorized
disclosure in accordance with guidance from the Director;

(e) Facilitate, as appropriate, the sharing of information or intelligence, as directed by law or the
President, to State, local, tribal, and private sector entities;

(f) Disseminate information or intelligence to foreign governments and international
organizations under intelligence or counterintelligence arrangements or agreements established
in accordance with section 1.3(b)(4) of this order;

(g) Participate in the development of procedures approved by the Attorney General governing
production and dissemination of information or intelligence resulting from criminal drug
intelligence activities abroad if they have intelligence responsibilities for foreign or domestic
criminal drug production and trafficking; and

(h) Ensure that the inspectors general, general counsels, and agency officials responsible for
privacy or civil liberties protection for their respective organizations have access to any
information or intelligence necessary to perform their official duties.

1.7 Intelligence Community Elements. Each element of the Intelligence Community shall have
the duties and responsibilities specified below, in addition to those specified by law or elsewhere
in this order. Intelligence Community elements within executive departments shall serve the
information and intelligence needs of their respective heads of departments and also shall operate
as part of an integrated Intelligence Community, as provided in law or this order.

(a) The Central Intelligence Agency. The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and disseminate foreign
intelligence and counterintelligence;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities without assuming or performing any internal security
functions within the United States;
(3) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and outside the United States
as necessary for cover and proprietary arrangements;

(4) Conduct covert action activities approved by the President. No agency except the Central
Intelligence Agency (or the Armed Forces of the United States in time of war declared by the
Congress or during any period covered by a report from the President to the Congress consistent
with the War Powers Resolution, Public Law 93-148) may conduct any covert action activity
unless the President determines that another agency is more likely to achieve a particular
objective;

(5) Conduct foreign intelligence liaison relationships with intelligence or security services of
foreign governments or international organizations consistent with section 1.3(b)(4) of this order;

(6) Under the direction and guidance of the Director, and in accordance with section 1.3(b)(4) of
this order, coordinate the implementation of intelligence and counterintelligence relationships
between elements of the Intelligence Community and the intelligence or security services of
foreign governments or international organizations; and

(7) Perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence as the Director may direct.

(b) The Defense Intelligence Agency. The Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and disseminate foreign
intelligence and counterintelligence to support national and departmental missions;

(2) Collect, analyze, produce, or, through tasking and coordination, provide defense and defense-
related intelligence for the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
combatant commanders, other Defense components, and non-Defense agencies;

(3) Conduct counterintelligence activities;

(4) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and outside the United States
as necessary for cover and proprietary arrangements;

(5) Conduct foreign defense intelligence liaison relationships and defense intelligence exchange
programs with foreign defense establishments, intelligence or security services of foreign
governments, and international organizations in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6),
and 1.10(i) of this order;

(6) Manage and coordinate all matters related to the Defense Attaché system; and

(7) Provide foreign intelligence and counterintelligence staff support as directed by the Secretary
of Defense.

(c) The National Security Agency. The Director of the National Security Agency shall:
(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), process, analyze, produce, and disseminate
signals intelligence information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence
purposes to support national and departmental missions;

(2) Establish and operate an effective unified organization for signals intelligence activities,
except for the delegation of operational control over certain operations that are conducted
through other elements of the Intelligence Community. No other department or agency may
engage in signals intelligence activities except pursuant to a delegation by the Secretary of
Defense, after coordination with the Director;

(3) Control signals intelligence collection and processing activities, including assignment of
resources to an appropriate agent for such periods and tasks as required for the direct support of
military commanders;

(4) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and outside the United States
as necessary for cover arrangements;

(5) Provide signals intelligence support for national and departmental requirements and for the
conduct of military operations;

(6) Act as the National Manager for National Security Systems as established in law and policy,
and in this capacity be responsible to the Secretary of Defense and to the Director;

(7) Prescribe, consistent with section 102A(g) of the Act, within its field of authorized operations,
security regulations covering operating practices, including the transmission, handling, and
distribution of signals intelligence and communications security material within and among the
elements under control of the Director of the National Security Agency, and exercise the
necessary supervisory control to ensure compliance with the regulations; and

(8) Conduct foreign cryptologic liaison relationships in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4),
1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(d) The National Reconnaissance Office. The Director of the National Reconnaissance Office
shall:

(1) Be responsible for research and development, acquisition, launch, deployment, and operation
of overhead systems and related data processing facilities to collect intelligence and information
to support national and departmental missions and other United States Government needs; and

(2) Conduct foreign liaison relationships relating to the above missions, in accordance with
sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(e) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. The Director of the National Geospatial-
Intelligence Agency shall:
(1) Collect, process, analyze, produce, and disseminate geospatial intelligence information and
data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes to support national and
departmental missions;

(2) Provide geospatial intelligence support for national and departmental requirements and for
the conduct of military operations;

(3) Conduct administrative and technical support activities within and outside the United States
as necessary for cover arrangements; and

(4) Conduct foreign geospatial intelligence liaison relationships, in accordance with sections
1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(f) The Intelligence and Counterintelligence Elements of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine
Corps. The Commanders and heads of the intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the
Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), produce, analyze, and disseminate defense
and defense-related intelligence and counterintelligence to support departmental requirements,
and, as appropriate, national requirements;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities;

(3) Monitor the development, procurement, and management of tactical intelligence systems and
equipment and conduct related research, development, and test and evaluation activities; and

(4) Conduct military intelligence liaison relationships and military intelligence exchange
programs with selected cooperative foreign defense establishments and international
organizations in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and 1.10(i) of this order.

(g) Intelligence Elements of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Under the supervision of the
Attorney General and pursuant to such regulations as the Attorney General may establish, the
intelligence elements of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and disseminate foreign
intelligence and counterintelligence to support national and departmental missions, in accordance
with procedural guidelines approved by the Attorney General, after consultation with the
Director;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities; and

(3) Conduct foreign intelligence and counterintelligence liaison relationships with intelligence,
security, and law enforcement services of foreign governments or international organizations in
accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4) and 1.7(a)(6) of this order.
(h) The Intelligence and Counterintelligence Elements of the Coast Guard. The Commandant of
the Coast Guard shall:

(1) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and disseminate foreign
intelligence and counterintelligence including defense and defense-related information and
intelligence to support national and departmental missions;

(2) Conduct counterintelligence activities;

(3) Monitor the development, procurement, and management of tactical intelligence systems and
equipment and conduct related research, development, and test and evaluation activities; and

(4) Conduct foreign intelligence liaison relationships and intelligence exchange programs with
foreign intelligence services, security services or international organizations in accordance with
sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.7(a)(6), and, when operating as part of the Department of Defense, 1.10(i)
of this order.

(i) The Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State; The Office of Intelligence and
Analysis, Department of the Treasury; The Office of National Security Intelligence, Drug
Enforcement Administration; The Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Department of Homeland
Security; and the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Department of Energy. The
heads of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State; the Office of Intelligence
and Analysis, Department of the Treasury; the Office of National Security Intelligence, Drug
Enforcement Administration; the Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Department of Homeland
Security; and the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Department of Energy shall:

(1) Collect (overtly or through publicly available sources), analyze, produce, and disseminate
information, intelligence, and counterintelligence to support national and departmental missions;
and

(2) Conduct and participate in analytic or information exchanges with foreign partners and
international organizations in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4) and 1.7(a)(6) of this order.

(j) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The Director shall collect (overtly or
through publicly available sources), analyze, produce, and disseminate information, intelligence,
and counterintelligence to support the missions of the Office of the Director of National
Intelligence, including the National Counterterrorism Center, and to support other national
missions.

1.8 The Department of State. In addition to the authorities exercised by the Bureau of
Intelligence and Research under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i) of this order, the Secretary of State shall:

(a) Collect (overtly or through publicly available sources) information relevant to United States
foreign policy and national security concerns;
(b) Disseminate, to the maximum extent possible, reports received from United States diplomatic
and consular posts;

(c) Transmit reporting requirements and advisory taskings of the Intelligence Community to the
Chiefs of United States Missions abroad; and

(d) Support Chiefs of United States Missions in discharging their responsibilities pursuant to law
and presidential direction.
1.9 The Department of the Treasury. In addition to the authorities exercised by the Office of
Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i) of this
order the Secretary of the Treasury shall collect (overtly or through publicly available sources)
foreign financial information and, in consultation with the Department of State, foreign
economic information.

1.10 The Department of Defense. The Secretary of Defense shall:

(a) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and disseminate
information and intelligence and be responsive to collection tasking and advisory tasking by the
Director;

(b) Collect (including through clandestine means), analyze, produce, and disseminate defense
and defense-related intelligence and counterintelligence, as required for execution of the
Secretary's responsibilities;

(c) Conduct programs and missions necessary to fulfill national, departmental, and tactical
intelligence requirements;

(d) Conduct counterintelligence activities in support of Department of Defense components and
coordinate counterintelligence activities in accordance with section 1.3(b)(20) and (21) of this
order;

(e) Act, in coordination with the Director, as the executive agent of the United States
Government for signals intelligence activities;

(f) Provide for the timely transmission of critical intelligence, as defined by the Director, within
the United States Government;

(g) Carry out or contract for research, development, and procurement of technical systems and
devices relating to authorized intelligence functions;

(h) Protect the security of Department of Defense installations, activities, information, property,
and employees by appropriate means, including such investigations of applicants, employees,
contractors, and other persons with similar associations with the Department of Defense as are
necessary;
(i) Establish and maintain defense intelligence relationships and defense intelligence exchange
programs with selected cooperative foreign defense establishments, intelligence or security
services of foreign governments, and international organizations, and ensure that such
relationships and programs are in accordance with sections 1.3(b)(4), 1.3(b)(21) and 1.7(a)(6) of
this order;

(j) Conduct such administrative and technical support activities within and outside the United
States as are necessary to provide for cover and proprietary arrangements, to perform the
functions described in sections (a) though (i) above, and to support the Intelligence Community
elements of the Department of Defense; and

(k) Use the Intelligence Community elements within the Department of Defense identified in
section 1.7(b) through (f) and, when the Coast Guard is operating as part of the Department of
Defense,

(h) above to carry out the Secretary of Defense's responsibilities assigned in this section or other
departments, agencies, or offices within the Department of Defense, as appropriate, to conduct
the intelligence missions and responsibilities assigned to the Secretary of Defense.

1.11 The Department of Homeland Security. In addition to the authorities exercised by the Office
of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security under sections 1.4 and
1.7(i) of this order, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall conduct, through the United States
Secret Service, activities to determine the existence and capability of surveillance equipment
being used against the President or the Vice President of the United States, the Executive Office
of the President, and, as authorized by the Secretary of Homeland Security or the President, other
Secret Service protectees and United States officials. No information shall be acquired
intentionally through such activities except to protect against use of such surveillance equipment,
and those activities shall be conducted pursuant to procedures agreed upon by the Secretary of
Homeland Security and the Attorney General.

1.12 The Department of Energy. In addition to the authorities exercised by the Office of
Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the Department of Energy under sections 1.4 and 1.7(i)
of this order, the Secretary of Energy shall:

(a) Provide expert scientific, technical, analytic, and research capabilities to other agencies
within the Intelligence Community, as appropriate;

(b) Participate in formulating intelligence collection and analysis requirements where the special
expert capability of the Department can contribute; and

(c) Participate with the Department of State in overtly collecting information with respect to
foreign energy matters.

1.13 The Federal Bureau of Investigation. In addition to the authorities exercised by the
intelligence elements of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice under
sections 1.4 and 1.7(g) of this order and under the supervision of the Attorney General and
pursuant to such regulations as the Attorney General may establish, the Director of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation shall provide technical assistance, within or outside the United States, to
foreign intelligence and law enforcement services, consistent with section 1.3(b)(20) and (21) of
this order, as may be necessary to support national or departmental missions.

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Part 2
Conduct of Intelligence Activities

2.1 Need. Timely, accurate, and insightful information about the activities, capabilities, plans,
and intentions of foreign powers, organizations, and persons, and their agents, is essential to
informed decisionmaking in the areas of national security, national defense, and foreign relations.
Collection of such information is a priority objective and will be pursued in a vigorous,
innovative, and responsible manner that is consistent with the Constitution and applicable law
and respectful of the principles upon which the United States was founded.

2.2 Purpose. This Order is intended to enhance human and technical collection techniques,
especially those undertaken abroad, and the acquisition of significant foreign intelligence, as well
as the detection and countering of international terrorist activities, the spread of weapons of mass
destruction, and espionage conducted by foreign powers. Set forth below are certain general
principles that, in addition to and consistent with applicable laws, are intended to achieve the
proper balance between the acquisition of essential information and protection of individual
interests. Nothing in this Order shall be construed to apply to or interfere with any authorized
civil or criminal law enforcement responsibility of any department or agency.

2.3 Collection of information. Elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to collect,
retain, or disseminate information concerning United States persons only in accordance with
procedures established by the head of the Intelligence Community element concerned or by the
head of a department containing such element and approved by the Attorney General, consistent
with the authorities provided by Part 1 of this Order, after consultation with the Director. Those
procedures shall permit collection, retention, and dissemination of the following types of
information:

(a) Information that is publicly available or collected with the consent of the person concerned;

(b) Information constituting foreign intelligence or counterintelligence, including such
information concerning corporations or other commercial organizations. Collection within the
United States of foreign intelligence not otherwise obtainable shall be undertaken by the Federal
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or, when significant foreign intelligence is sought, by other
authorized elements of the Intelligence Community, provided that no foreign intelligence
collection by such elements may be undertaken for the purpose of acquiring information
concerning the domestic activities of United States persons;

(c) Information obtained in the course of a lawful foreign intelligence, counterintelligence,
international drug or international terrorism investigation;
(d) Information needed to protect the safety of any persons or organizations, including those who
are targets, victims, or hostages of international terrorist organizations;

(e) Information needed to protect foreign intelligence or counterintelligence sources, methods,
and activities from unauthorized disclosure. Collection within the United States shall be
undertaken by the FBI except that other elements of the Intelligence Community may also collect
such information concerning present or former employees, present or former intelligence element
contractors or their present or former employees, or applicants for such employment or
contracting;

(f) Information concerning persons who are reasonably believed to be potential sources or
contacts for the purpose of determining their suitability or credibility;

(g) Information arising out of a lawful personnel, physical, or communications security
investigation;

(h) Information acquired by overhead reconnaissance not directed at specific United States
persons;

(i) Incidentally obtained information that may indicate involvement in activities that may violate
Federal, state, local, or foreign laws; and

(j) Information necessary for administrative purposes. In addition, elements of the Intelligence
Community may disseminate information to each appropriate element within the Intelligence
Community for purposes of allowing the recipient element to determine whether the information
is relevant to its responsibilities and can be retained by it, except that information derived from
signals intelligence may only be disseminated or made available to Intelligence Community
elements in accordance with procedures established by the Director in coordination with the
Secretary of Defense and approved by the Attorney General.

2.4 Collection Techniques. Elements of the Intelligence Community shall use the least intrusive
collection techniques feasible within the United States or directed against United States persons
abroad. Elements of the Intelligence Community are not authorized to use such techniques as
electronic surveillance, unconsented physical searches, mail surveillance, physical surveillance,
or monitoring devices unless they are in accordance with procedures established by the head of
the Intelligence Community element concerned or the head of a department containing such
element and approved by the Attorney General, after consultation with the Director. Such
procedures shall protect constitutional and other legal rights and limit use of such information to
lawful governmental purposes. These procedures shall not authorize:

(a) The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to engage in electronic surveillance within the United
States except for the purpose of training, testing, or conducting countermeasures to hostile
electronic surveillance;

(b) Unconsented physical searches in the United States by elements of the Intelligence
Community other than the FBI, except for:
(1) Searches by counterintelligence elements of the military services directed against military
personnel within the United States or abroad for intelligence purposes, when authorized by a
military commander empowered to approve physical searches for law enforcement purposes,
based upon a finding of probable cause to believe that such persons are acting as agents of
foreign powers; and

(2) Searches by CIA of personal property of non-United States persons lawfully in its possession;

(c) Physical surveillance of a United States person in the United States by elements of the
Intelligence Community other than the FBI, except for:

(1) Physical surveillance of present or former employees, present or former intelligence element
contractors or their present or former employees, or applicants for any such employment or
contracting; and

(2) Physical surveillance of a military person employed by a non-intelligence element of a
military service; and

(d) Physical surveillance of a United States person abroad to collect foreign intelligence, except
to obtain significant information that cannot reasonably be acquired by other means.

2.5 Attorney General Approval. The Attorney General hereby is delegated the power to approve
the use for intelligence purposes, within the United States or against a United States person
abroad, of any technique for which a warrant would be required if undertaken for law
enforcement purposes, provided that such techniques shall not be undertaken unless the Attorney
General has determined in each case that there is probable cause to believe that the technique is
directed against a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power. The authority delegated pursuant
to this paragraph, including the authority to approve the use of electronic surveillance as defined
in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, as amended, shall be exercised in
accordance with that Act.

2.6 Assistance to Law Enforcement and other Civil Authorities. Elements of the Intelligence
Community are authorized to:

(a) Cooperate with appropriate law enforcement agencies for the purpose of protecting the
employees, information, property, and facilities of any element of the Intelligence Community;

(b) Unless otherwise precluded by law or this Order, participate in law enforcement activities to
investigate or prevent clandestine intelligence activities by foreign powers, or international
terrorist or narcotics activities;

(c) Provide specialized equipment, technical knowledge, or assistance of expert personnel for use
by any department or agency, or when lives are endangered, to support local law enforcement
agencies. Provision of assistance by expert personnel shall be approved in each case by the
general counsel of the providing element or department; and
(d) Render any other assistance and cooperation to law enforcement or other civil authorities not
precluded by applicable law.

2.7 Contracting. Elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to enter into contracts
or arrangements for the provision of goods or services with private companies or institutions in
the United States and need not reveal the sponsorship of such contracts or arrangements for
authorized intelligence purposes. Contracts or arrangements with academic institutions may be
undertaken only with the consent of appropriate officials of the institution.

2.8 Consistency With Other Laws. Nothing in this Order shall be construed to authorize any
activity in violation of the Constitution or statutes of the United States.

2.9 Undisclosed Participation in Organizations Within the United States. No one acting on
behalf of elements of the Intelligence Community may join or otherwise participate in any
organization in the United States on behalf of any element of the Intelligence Community
without disclosing such person’s intelligence affiliation to appropriate officials of the
organization, except in accordance with procedures established by the head of the Intelligence
Community element concerned or the head of a department containing such element and
approved by the Attorney General, after consultation with the Director. Such participation shall
be authorized only if it is essential to achieving lawful purposes as determined by the
Intelligence Community element head or designee. No such participation may be undertaken for
the purpose of influencing the activity of the organization or its members except in cases where:

a) The participation is undertaken on behalf of the FBI in the course of a lawful investigation; or

(b) The organization concerned is composed primarily of individuals who are not United States
persons and is reasonably believed to be acting on behalf of a foreign power.

2.10 Human Experimentation. No element of the Intelligence Community shall sponsor, contract
for, or conduct research on human subjects except in accordance with guidelines issued by the
Department of Health and Human Services. The subject's informed consent shall be documented
as required by those guidelines.

2.11 Prohibition on Assassination. No person employed by or acting on behalf of the United
States Government shall engage in or conspire to engage in assassination.

2.12 Indirect Participation. No element of the Intelligence Community shall participate in or
request any person to undertake activities forbidden by this Order.

2.13 Limitation on Covert Action. No covert action may be conducted which is intended to
influence United States political processes, public opinion, policies, or media.

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Part 3
General Provisions
3.1 Congressional Oversight. The duties and responsibilities of the Director and the heads of
other departments, agencies, elements, and entities engaged in intelligence activities to cooperate
with the Congress in the conduct of its responsibilities for oversight of intelligence activities
shall be implemented in accordance with applicable law, including title V of the Act. The
requirements of applicable law, including title V of the Act, shall apply to all covert action
activities as defined in this Order.

3.2 Implementation. The President, supported by the NSC, and the Director shall issue such
appropriate directives, procedures, and guidance as are necessary to implement this order. Heads
of elements within the Intelligence Community shall issue appropriate procedures and
supplementary directives consistent with this order. No procedures to implement Part 2
of this order shall be issued without the Attorney General's approval, after consultation with the
Director. The Attorney General shall provide a statement of reasons for not approving any
procedures established by the head of an element in the Intelligence Community (or the head of
the department containing such element) other than the FBI. In instances where the element head
or department head and the Attorney General are unable to reach agreements on other than
constitutional or other legal grounds, the Attorney General, the head of department concerned, or
the Director shall refer the matter to the NSC.

3.3 Procedures. The activities herein authorized that require procedures shall be conducted in
accordance with existing procedures or requirements established under Executive Order 12333.
New procedures, as required by Executive Order 12333, as further amended, shall be established
as expeditiously as possible. All new procedures promulgated pursuant to Executive Order
12333, as amended, shall be made available to the Select Committee on Intelligence of the
Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

3.4 References and Transition. References to "Senior Officials of the Intelligence Community"
or "SOICs" in executive orders or other Presidential guidance, shall be deemed references to the
heads of elements in the Intelligence Community, unless the President otherwise directs;
references in Intelligence Community or Intelligence Community element policies or guidance,
shall be deemed to be references to the heads of elements of the Intelligence Community, unless
the President or the Director otherwise directs.

3.5 Definitions. For the purposes of this Order, the following terms shall have these meanings:

(a) Counterintelligence means information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive,
exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or
assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or persons, or their
agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities.

(b) Covert action means an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence
political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United
States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly, but does not include:
(1) Activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire intelligence, traditional
counterintelligence activities, traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational
security of United States Government programs, or administrative activities;

(2) Traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine support to such activities;

(3) Traditional law enforcement activities conducted by United States Government law
enforcement agencies or routine support to such activities; or

(4) Activities to provide routine support to the overt activities (other than activities described in
paragraph (1), (2), or (3)) of other United States Government agencies abroad.

(c) Electronic surveillance means acquisition of a nonpublic communication by electronic means
without the consent of a person who is a party to an electronic communication or, in the case of a
nonelectronic communication, without the consent of a person who is visibly present at the place
of communication, but not including the use of radio direction-finding equipment solely to
determine the location of a transmitter.

(d) Employee means a person employed by, assigned
or detailed to, or acting for an element within the Intelligence Community.

(e) Foreign intelligence means information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of
foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international
terrorists.

(f) Intelligence includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence.

(g) Intelligence activities means all activities that elements of the Intelligence Community are
authorized to conduct pursuant to this order.

(h) Intelligence Community and elements of the Intelligence Community refers to:

(1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence;

(2) The Central Intelligence Agency;

(3) The National Security Agency;

(4) The Defense Intelligence Agency;

(5) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency;

(6) The National Reconnaissance Office;

(7) The other offices within the Department of Defense for the collection of specialized national
foreign intelligence through reconnaissance programs;
(8) The intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and
the Marine Corps;

(9) The intelligence elements of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

(10) The Office of National Security Intelligence of the Drug Enforcement Administration;

(11) The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of the Department of Energy;

(12) The Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department of State;

(13) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury;

(14) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security;

(15) The intelligence and counterintelligence elements of the Coast Guard; and

(16) Such other elements of any department or agency as may be designated by the President, or
designated jointly by the Director and the head of the department or agency concerned, as an
element of the Intelligence Community.

(i) National Intelligence and Intelligence Related to National Security means all intelligence,
regardless of the source from which derived and including information gathered within or
outside the United States, that pertains, as determined consistent with any guidance issued by the
President, or that is determined for the purpose of access to information by the Director in
accordance with section 1.3(a)(1) of this order, to pertain to more than one United States
Government agency; and that involves threats to the United States, its people, property, or
interests; the development, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction; or any other
matter bearing on United States national or homeland security.

(j) The National Intelligence Program means all programs, projects, and activities of the
Intelligence Community, as well as any other programs of the Intelligence Community
designated jointly by the Director and the head of a United States department or agency or by the
President. Such term does not include programs, projects, or activities of the military
departments to acquire intelligence solely for the planning and conduct of tactical military
operations by United States Armed Forces.

(k) United States person means a United States citizen, an alien known by the intelligence
element concerned to be a permanent resident alien, an unincorporated association substantially
composed of United States citizens or permanent resident aliens, or a corporation incorporated in
the United States, except for a corporation directed and controlled by a foreign government or
governments.

3.6 Revocation. Executive Orders 13354 and 13355 of August 27, 2004, are revoked; and
paragraphs 1.3(b)(9) and (10) of Part 1 supersede provisions within Executive Order 12958, as
amended, to the extent such provisions in Executive Order 12958, as amended, are inconsistent
with this Order.

3.7 General Provisions.

(a) Consistent with section 1.3(c) of this order, nothing in this order shall be construed to impair
or otherwise affect:

(1) Authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head thereof; or

(2) Functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budget,
administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability
of appropriations.

(c) This order is intended only to improve the internal management of the executive branch and
is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural,
enforceable at law or in equity, by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies
or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.


                                                                                                /s/ Ronald Reagan
                                                                                                  The White House
                                                                                                December 4, 1981

[Top of page]



Posted: Apr 05, 2007 02:28 PM

Last Updated: Dec 30, 2011 12:51 PM

Last Reviewed: Dec 30, 2011 12:51 PM

https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/eo12333.html




National Security Council
The National Security Council (NSC) is the President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign
policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. Since its inception under President
Truman, the Council's function has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies.
The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government
agencies.
The NSC is chaired by the President. Its regular attendees (both statutory and non-statutory) are the Vice President,
the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Assistant to the President for
National Security Affairs. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the statutory military advisor to the Council, and
the Director of National Intelligence is the intelligence advisor. The Chief of Staff to the President, Counsel to the
President, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy are invited to attend any NSC meeting. The
Attorney General and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget are invited to attend meetings pertaining
to their responsibilities. The heads of other executive departments and agencies, as well as other senior officials, are
invited to attend meetings of the NSC when appropriate.

The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947 (PL 235 - 61 Stat. 496; U.S.C.
402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949,
as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President.


http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nsc/




Solutions for reform of the CIA clandestine
service within the current system
Ishmael Jones spent his career in multiple, consecutive overseas
assignments, as a deep cover officer without benefit of diplomatic immunity.
His targets included weapons scientists, money launderers, and terrorists.
He pushed intelligence missions forward while dodging the CIA’s internal
purges, active thwarting of operations by bureaucrats, and the ever-present
threat of arrest by hostile foreign intelligence services.
Jones became convinced that the CIA’s failure to fulfill its purpose
endangers Americans. Attempting reform from within proved absurd, and
he resigned from the CIA to make the case for reform.
He met with many political leaders and managers within US intelligence
agencies to work toward intelligence reform. He wrote a book as a tool in
this process, a book which as been read by most senior people involved in
intelligence collection on behalf of the United States.
The book had been blocked by the CIA. It did not contain a single word of a
secret or confidential nature, but it was critical of CIA bureaucracy. The CIA
sued two years after the book's publication and won through summary
judgment, without trial, but won no damages. The net effect of the case was
positive in that it brought more attention to intelligence reform. (More
extensive commentary on the case is available in the "Articles" tab on this
site.)
Jones's positions on intelligence reform are widely known and have
produced many positive results. A summary of his proposed solutions for
intelligence reform are listed below.
Jones had succeeded in making his case in the academic and policy realm.
He then turned to showing US intelligence collectors how to conduct
intelligence operations, by providing consulting services for cleared US
Government and approved allied services.
Solutions for reform of the clandestine service
The CIA's clandestine service is meant to be America's early warning
system, providing the intelligence that is used to prevent attack. But the
CIA's ability to produce human source intelligence is dismal. It has become
a bureaucratic creature loyal only to itself, with almost unlimited funds and
no accountability. Reliance upon it is our major national security weakness.
To defend Americans, we must have intelligence reform.
First, the CIA must obey existing laws and directives which require it to:
- Get CIA officers out of the United States and overseas into target
countries.
- Reduce fraud, corruption and massive waste.
We must obtain the intelligence the President needs to defend America and
our allies.
Solutions for reform of the clandestine
service within the current system:
1. Define the mission. Create a clear, one-line mission statement. Current
CIA mission statements are multi-page documents, written by committees,
which nobody ever reads. A clear statement, such as, “Provide foreign
intelligence that will defend the United States,” would help employees
measure and direct their efforts.
2. Focus on the mission. Recruit and handle high-quality human sources;
avoid trivial, easy targets.
3. Cut layers of management ruthlessly to speed operations and to put
more spies on the street. (See further comments below.)
4. Get rid of the gatekeepers. Abandon the geographical station system.
Station chiefs are not captains of ships; they are employees located within
fortress embassies, seeking to ensure that no flaps occur on their turf.
Terrorists and nuclear proliferators don’t have geographical boundaries.
5. Get the CIA out of the United States. Most CIA employees live and work
in the United States. Get the CIA spying on and in foreign countries, where
it belongs.
6. Clarify the chain of command. Every employee should know his or her
direct supervisor, and each employee should have only one supervisor.
Supervisors should be senior in grade to their employees. Spouses of
supervisors should never be inserted into the chain of command. An
employee’s annual evaluation should be written by a single supervisor.
7. Account for the money. Make certain that the taxpayers’ money is spent
properly. Don’t let secrecy get in the way. Don’t be afraid of verifying
receipts written in foreign languages in faraway places.
8. Create a one-line cultural statement: Do not lie, cheat, or steal unless
required to do so in an intelligence operation. Spies need to lie, but only
when necessary for operational success. The organization’s efficiency and
reliability will improve when employees can trust one another to speak the
truth.
Recent reforms demonstrate what happens when change is attempted at
the CIA. Congressionally-mandated reforms, following the intelligence
failures of 9/11, did the three worst things possible, by:
1. Adding extra layers of management. They created a new office of the
Director of National Intelligence. No successful organizations have as many
layers of management as the CIA.
2. Accepting the CIA’s ploy that it just needs a few more years to hire the
right people. The CIA has used this ploy for decades. The CIA has all the
qualified people it needs. The problem is that they are poorly led.
3. Showering the CIA with billions of dollars in additional funding without
transparency or a system of accountability, leading to fraud, waste, and
mismanagement.
The CIA is a failed organization that has proven resistant to reform.
Therefore, the CIA should be broken up into its constituent parts, and those
parts assigned to organizations that already have clear missions and
defined chains of command, as follows:
1. Transfer CIA offices and personnel operating within the United States to
the FBI. The CIA was never intended to be a domestic spy agency. The FBI
is designed to handle domestic intelligence operations. The FBI is
measured and held accountable by its ability to catch criminals, and this
accountability provides the motivation for the FBI to perform.
2. Transfer all CIA embassy activities overseas to the US Department of
State. The State Department is designed to handle diplomacy. Much of
what the CIA now does in its embassies involves diplomacy, such as
handling relationships with liaison services. State Department officers are
able to make contacts with other foreign government representatives in
diplomatic venues. The State Department handled these functions prior to
the creation of the CIA in 1947.
3. Transfer overseas human intelligence collection efforts to the US military .
Focus case officers exclusively on the gathering of human intelligence. The
fundamental motivation of the American military—to win wars and to protect
the lives of its soldiers—will provide the motivation to ensure that its case
officers provide the necessary intelligence and do not become distracted by
soft targets or by designing programs meant to look busy and spend money.
The US military already has a large corps of trained case officers,
graduates of the CIA’s own training course. The US military already has a
better ability to place case officers overseas in non-State Department
positions. The military’s command structure is clearly defined and much
flatter than the Agency’s.
We should recognize the scope of the problem: The lack of human sources
of intelligence has haunted American Presidents since the foundation of the
CIA in 1947. The lack of human sources has been the greatest threat to the
presidencies and the historical legacies of American Presidents, and to the
American people.
1. The Chinese invasion of North Korea in 1950 was a complete surprise
and the subsequent handling of the war by President Truman led him to
cancel his re-election campaign.
2. The handling of the U-2 incident was President Eisenhower’s greatest
regret as President.
3. Lack of Cuban human sources contributed to the Bay of Pigs fiasco,
which was President Kennedy’s greatest failure.
4. The lack of human sources in Vietnam haunted President Johnson in the
conduct of the Vietnam War.
5. The Vietnam War was one of President Nixon’s greatest challenges as
well. The outbreak of the 1973 Arab/Israeli war also took the Agency by
surprise.
6. Throughout the Cold War, the Agency’s top program, recruitment of
Soviet human sources, was a shambles. Lack of intelligence on Soviet
intentions nearly led to war on several occasions.
7. President Carter’s humiliation and the destruction of his presidency were
caused by the Iran hostage crisis and the subsequent failed rescue attempt,
both of which featured a lack of human sources.
8 President Reagan’s humiliation involved hostages and the ensuing Iran-
Contra scandal, both featuring a lack of human sources.
9. President Clinton’s legacy was tarnished by the lack of human sources,
who could have transmitted information that might have prevented the 9/11
terrorist attacks. Lack of human sources led to a nuclear arms race in the
Asian sub-continent.
10. Lack of human sources on Iraqi WMD and on the Iraq war poisoned the
George W. Bush presidency. The greatest vulnerability to the President
elected in 2008 and future Presidents will be the lack of human sources of
intelligence. Terrorists armed with nuclear weapons will kill hundreds of
thousands of Americans if we do not improve our human intelligence
capability.
Comments on mission drift:
1. Recruiting human sources isn’t easy or fun. For the case officer, rejection,
humiliation, and loneliness are the byproducts of human intelligence
operations. Sitting in a hotel room meeting a man with bad breath for hours
at a stretch is hard work.
2. Recruiting human sources does not appear to lead to career
advancement. It is the lowest form of work within the Agency, and few top
managers have ever recruited a good human source. To have recruited
human sources in al Qaeda and in Iraqi WMD, a case officer would have
had to be in the field for years, away from Agency stations and HQs. He’d
have returned to a dead career, with no management experience and with
none of the connections at HQs necessary for personal advancement. A
person who wants to advance in the organization does so through lengthy
service at HQs, with rare assignments overseas.
3. This leads to mission drift: officers prefer fun things that lead to
promotion, such as creating layers of managers, handling liaison
operations, building boondoggles, Potemkin offices and elaborate cover
mechanisms, and elaborate covert action schemes.
4. The Agency’s successes tend to be in areas outside the fundamental
mission of gathering intelligence. Success in Afghanistan was a military
operation, for example. Convincing Libya to end its WMD programs was a
diplomatic success.
5. Mission drift causes the Agency to go after little fish, not big fish.
Operations involving little fish then cause bigger flaps when something
goes wrong, because the American people don’t support espionage
operations aimed at seemingly unimportant topics.
6. Human intelligence operations are relatively cheap. Mission drift into
more expensive non-human source missions provides openings for
corruption.
Comments on the destructiveness of excessive layers of management:
Excessive layers cause delays in the dissemination of intelligence reports,
often making those reports worthless. Intelligence collection is peculiar in
that it is a one-on-one activity: there is no need for the layers. Management
consultant Tom Peters discusses the problem of layers by pointing out that,
in a chain of six layers, if each layer makes the correct decision 80 percent
of the time, this will result in a correct decision by the six layers 26 percent
of the time. (.8 to the 6 th power = 26 percent).
Excessive layers increase risk when it becomes difficult to determine who is
in charge.
Excessive layers increase the number of people who know secrets, making
leaks easier and making it harder to find moles such as Ames.
Excessive layers encourage rule-breaking. I rarely conducted an
intelligence operation where I didn’t have to break an Agency rule. Had I
not broken rules, I would never have completed an operation. Promote
case officers by giving them more freedom and responsibility in conducting
operations, rather than by making them gatekeepers.
I’ve never come across the suggestion that the Agency reduce its layers.
Yet that is one of the first things a businessman or management consultant
seeks to do in improving the operations of an organization.
Comments on motivation:
American businesses are driven by profit, which serves as the motivation to
keep their organizations functioning efficiently.
It can be argued that the FBI and the US military are bureaucratic, but they
too have clear missions—to catch criminals and to win wars—and this helps
give them focus. It is less likely that an FBI agent, for example, can rise
within the FBI without ever having been involved in catching a criminal.
The US military is motivated to win wars. These motivations drive the FBI
and the US military just as the motivation to earn profits drives American
businesses. The US military’s effectiveness is in part due to “civilian audit,
dissent, and self-critique,” which are part of the “larger Western tradition of
personal freedom, consensual government, and individualism.”
Where there is no civilian audit, dissent, self-critique, transparency or
accountability, a bureaucracy will thrive, grow, and morph into a monster,
such as the CIA is today.
We must acknowledge what drives humans and what motivates an
organization.
If the FBI did not need to catch criminals, if the US military did not need to
win wars, and if American businesses did not need to earn profits, they
would fall into the same rudderless disarray as the CIA. The CIA has no
driving motivation and so should be split up and attached to organizations
that do have driving motivations.
PROPHECY- God’s Wrath and Judgment Against The U.S. Intelligence Agencies
given through Brian Charles


“I’M gonna destroy it.” --the CIA
“…and the NSA too.”
“I know EVERY secret thing that is going on!”
“All the intelligence agencies will be gone by My hand, you can count on it!” “They have
disobeyed Me long enough!”
“All intelligence agencies will be destroyed by My hand. You can count on it! They have
disobeyed Me long enough! They have destroyed long enough. They must be
punished. Thus says the Lord of hosts. Amen”
“I'll destroy the CIA.” “...and the NSA too.”
“I AM going to destroy this country mightily!”
“I AM the limitless God!”
“Laugh at the occultists!”
“I'll destroy your empire.”
“I shall judge for that!” --for sinners living their lives like God doesn't exist


“So do not be afraid of them, for there is nothing concealed that will not be
disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known. What I tell you in the
dark, speak in the daylight; what is whispered in your ear, proclaim from the
roofs.” Holy Bible, Matthew 10:26-27

“He thwarts the plans of the crafty, so that their hands achieve no success.”
Job 5:12

For it is written: “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise; the intelligence of the
intelligent I will frustrate.” 1 Corinthians 1:19

“Therefore once more I will astound these people with wonder upon wonder;
the wisdom of the wise will perish, the intelligence of the intelligent will
vanish. ” Isaiah 29:14

“To the faithful you show yourself faithful, to the blameless you show
yourself blameless, to the pure you show yourself pure, but to the devious
you show yourself shrewd. You save the humble, but your eyes are on the
haughty to bring them low.” 2 Samuel 22:26-28
Francis X Archibald
A South Carolinian on issues great and small.

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Francis X. Archibald
       Mt Pleasant, South Carolina, United States

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                    Casablanca, The Searchers, The Longest Day, The Day of the Jackal, The Wild Bunch,
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Favorite Music      My Way, New York-New York, I Left My Heart in San Francisco, The Way We Were



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Friday, December 31
Mary Frances Cooper Archibald - Obituary

Mary Frances Cooper Archibald MT. PLEASANT - Mrs. Mary Frances Cooper Archibald,
wife of Francis X. Archibald, died peacefully Wednesday in her sleep at the Skilled Nursing
facility in Mt. Pleasant, S.C., where she had lived for the last three years. Mary was born in
Georgetown, S.C., October 13, 1931, the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Edward Cooper,
also of Georgetown. She was educated in the Georgetown public schools and graduated
from Winyah High School. During her teens she worked at the usual teen-ager type jobs,
including a stint as a waitress at the Screven Hotel. She was taken to a commercial college
in Columbia by relatives but arrived back home in Georgetown by bus almost before the
relatives who traveled by car. Mary joined the United States Air Force and took basic
training at Lackland AFB, Texas. She went on to specialized secretarial training at
Okalahoma A&M and was then assigned to Headquarters, USAF Office of Special
Investigations, Washington, D.C. It was there she met her future husband, Francis X.
"Archie" Archibald and they were married in a Catholic wedding at the chapel at Bolling AFB
on September 4, 1954. Mary and Archie had five children and lived in Washington,
Charleston and again in Washington before moving to the Charleston area for what would
become the family site. They settled in Hanahan in 1960 and lived there until three years
ago. Mary was a most loving wife, devoted mother, caring grandmother, and friend of many
people. She earned a college degree from New York State University through classes and
study in the Charleston area. During the early years of her marriage she worked briefly from
time to time at Charleston AFB, the Naval Base and later with the Department of Mental
Health in Columbia. In 1980 Mary was a campaign leader in her husband's successful
campaign for the Statehouse. She later bought an 80-year old Dutch Colonial house in
Columbia, S.C., and restored it to its original likeness. Much of the work she did personally
and supervised the rest. Mary was a devoted viewer of the Discovery and Travel television
channels and yearned to see many places around the world. After Archie retired in 1993,
Mary and he traveled by car throughout the United States, Canada and Alaska. In 1994
they went to China and taught at Taishan Medical College, Tainan. Mary had approximately
200 college students in Basic English classes. Following this, Archie took Mary on a six
months trip to foreign countries to visit some of the places she had seen in films and on TV.
They drove across Western Australia in nine days, a trip many Aussies will never undertake.
In 2003, they traveled to South Africa on a self-guided tour for two months and in 2005
made a trip to Malaysia. Mary was a member for many years of the Berkeley Hills Garden
Club and worked hard in her home garden and on club projects. She enjoyed sitting in her
swing on the back porch her husband constructed for her at their Hanahan home, especially
in the spring and early summer, and taking in the beauty of the yard and nature in bloom.
Mary is survived by her loving husband, Archie Archibald of Mt. Pleasant, SC; five children,
Francis "Frank" X. Archibald, Jr. and his wife, Lisa, of McLean, VA, James E. Archibald and
his wife, Lisbeth, of Arlington, VA, Patrick L. Archibald and his wife, Donna, of Goose Creek,
SC, Martha Archibald of Goose Creek, SC and Wynn A. Godbold and her husband, Rett, of
Myrtle Beach, SC; nine grandchildren, a sister, Bertha Westbury of Georgetown, S.C. and a
brother Edward Cooper, Marietta, GA. She was preceded in death by her sister, Lee Benton.
Mary was a convert to Catholicism in the early 1960s and a devoted communicant at Divine
Redeemer Catholic Church in Hanahan. The Liturgy of Christian Burial will be celebrated in
Rodenberg Hall, Franke at Seaside, 1885 Rifle Range Road, Mt. Pleasant on Saturday,
January 1, 2011, at 1:00 p.m. with military honors. Her family invites all neighbors, friends
and those who were touched by Mary's life to attend. Visitation will be held Friday,
December 31, 2010, at J. HENRY STUHR MOUNT PLEASANT CHAPEL from 5:00 until
7:00 p.m. Final commitment will be private to the family. The family wishes to thank the staff
at Skilled Nursing, Franke at Seaside, for the loving and caring they showed Mary while she
was living there. Also, Hospice of Charleston was a big assist to the family in Mary's final
days. Flowers will be accepted or memorials may be made to the Alzheimer's Association
Alzheimer's Association Alzheimer's Association , 2090 Executive Hall Road, suite 130,
Charleston, SC 29407. A memorial message may be sent to the family by visiting
www.jhenrystuhr.com. Visit our guestbook at www.postandcourier.com/ deaths

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat8:48 AM

http://archibaldinsc.blogspot.com/2010_12_01_archive.html



Thursday, December 30
Mary Frances Cooper Archibald, R.I.P.

The Post & Courier
Charleston, SC
Thursday, December 30, 2010

ARCHIBALD, Mary Frances Cooper, of Mount Pleasant, wife of Francis X. Archibald, died
Wednesday. Arrangements by Stuhr's Mount Pleasant Chapel.

(Full obituary to follow on Friday. Visitation at Stuhr's Mount Pleasant Chapel, Mathis Ferry
Road, on Friday, December 31, 2010, from five to seven in the evening. Funeral Mass on
Saturday, January 1, 2011, in Rodenberg Chapel, Franke at Seaside, 1885 Rifle Range
Road, Mount Pleasant, SC, at one o'clock in the afternoon. Interment later will be private to
the family.)

Note: This blog entry is primarily for friends and extended family outside the Mount Pleasant
area, although the publication mechanism of necessity includes a wider audience.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat6:02 AM



Saturday, December 25
A daugher's "feel good" blog

This click here blog is written by my daughter and I am so proud of all she has become I
want to share it with you. I hope you will enjoy it and click on the different headings (home,
blog, testimonials, etc) to learn more about this remarkable woman and SC kindergarten
teacher who loves her work.
Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:28 PM



Saturday, December 18
DADT to end

Newspapers report this afternoon the Congress has voted to end the "Don't Ask, "Don't
Tell" discriminatory practices in the armed services. The bill goes to the President who is
expected to sign it and then the Department of Defense will have to take action within 60
days for repeal to be final. Gays and lesbians will then be able to serve in the military
without fear of persecution and prosecution. I believe this is only right.
When I was in the Air Force (1951-1959) two of my friends were kicked out of the service
having been revealed as homosexuals. I never suspected either one of being gay and
considered them along with the hundred others in our office loyal and hardworking
members of the Air Force dedicated to serving our country in good times and bad.
Other nations since the days of the Roman Empire have had gays and lesbians in their
service and now our country will join their ranks. We will still be the best damn military
machine in the world today and tomorrow.

(For other blog entries visit: archibaldinsc.blogspot.com)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat6:09 PM



Sunday, October 31
Four out of five major newspapers endorse Sheheen

Four out of five of the major newspapers in South Carolina have endorsed Sen. Vincent
Sheheen for Governor. The fifth, The Post and Courier, Charleston, endorsed his opponent
Rep. Vicki Haley.
The Greenville News, The Florence Morning News, and The Myrtle Beach Sun News
endorsed Sheheen Sunday morning. Earlier The State, (Columbia), endorsed him.
Voting is Tuesday throughout South Carolina and everyone who is eligible and has not yet
voted is urged to go to the polls on Tuesday.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat4:32 PM


Tuesday, October 19
The Rent is Too Damn High




Jimmy McMillan of The Rent Is Too Damn High Party during the New York gubernatorial
debate Monday.

On the question of same sex marriage, Mr. McMillan said anyone could marry a shoe as far
as was concerned. He always answers his campaign phone in the same way: The Rent is
Too Damn High. He is running for governor of New York.
You have to love this guy a little bit. BTW: He has $26.05 in his campaign fund.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat3:49 PM


Friday, September 17
The web site from hell

Have you ever tried to use the US Postal Service web site for the second time? It has
become the web site from hell. After several attempts to buy some stamps I gave up and
contemplated going to the tallest building in Charleston, drinking a cup of hemlock, slicing
my wrists and jumping off. Then I remembered I had to do my laundry.
I used the postal service web site some time ago to buy stamps. It was an easy task. Now, I
wanted to buy some more. Since my first usage they have changed the criteria for
passwords and even after they e-mailed me my old one and told me to use it their computer
would not accept it. I tried to register as a new user but their computer rejected me because
it already holds my name, address and, I suppose, date of my graduation from kindergarten.
It could be simple. Go to the site, select what you want, type in where to send the stamps,
and tell them your credit card number. Why do they need everyone to register and to keep
all this data on file until global warming destroys the planet? The postal service is not a
secret nuclear military base.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat3:23 PM


Sunday, September 12
Letter to the Editor
The Post & Courier
Charleston, SC
Published Sunday, Sept 12, 2010

Heated warning
Book burners would do well to recall that German philosopher Heinrich Heine wrote:
"Whenever they burn books, they will also, in the end, burn human beings."

Francis X. Archibald
Franke Drive
Mount Pleasant

(To view other blog entries click here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat8:08 PM

Monday, August 30

I am passing this along because it is another good deed done without any self-
interest by the Southern Poverty Law Center. I hope you find it so.
Archie

From: Morris Dees

Southern Poverty Law Center

Aug. 30, 2010
Dear Friend,

I'm proud to tell you that we've settled the lawsuit we filed on behalf of Louise Marie Monroe,
the widow of a black man who was shot to death by a police officer in Homer, Louisiana.




Bernard Monroe

Earlier this year, we filed a civil suit against the town of Homer, seeking damages for the
wrongful death of Bernard Monroe. The 73-year-old retiree was enjoying a family reunion on
Feb. 20, 2009, when two white police officers came onto his property. Our suit claimed that
the police officers created a volatile situation when they chased Mr. Monroe's son into the
family home and shot the young man in the back with a Taser gun.

During the commotion, Mr. Monroe went to check on Louise Marie, his wife of 49 years. As
he was climbing his porch stairs, one of the police officers in his home shot him several
times through the screen door. Because he had lost his voice to cancer, Mr. Monroe was
unable to call out during the incident. The officers said they thought he had a gun; several
witnesses said he did not.

The settlement will allow Bernard Monroe's family and the town of Homer to move forward
from this terrible tragedy. The town's attorney, Jim Colvin, agrees that the settlement will
help heal the community. "The town needs an opportunity to recover from this unfortunate
event. This settlement is a key step in that healing process."

Because of the nature of the settlement, I'm not allowed to disclose the amount of the
monetary damages, and the town did not admit liability. Both officers have left the police
department.

One of Mr. Monroe's family members told me how grateful they all were for the SPLC's help,
saying that "everyone we met at the Center was kind and considerate" and that the
attorneys were "real people who cared about our family."

But we could never have won justice for Mr. Monroe's widow and family without your
support. As you may know, the SPLC takes no portion of the damages we win for our
clients. Your dedication to fighting injustice and intolerance enables us to take on
cases like this. Please accept my personal thanks for standing with us in this
important case and all the other work we do.

Sincerely,

Morris Dees
Founder, Southern Poverty Law Center

You can donate to the Southern Poverty Law Center online.

Or by mail:
Southern Poverty Law Center
400 Washington Ave.
Montgomery, AL 36104

(For other items in the blog click here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:16 AM


Monday, August 23
Building permit granted

A friend sent this along earlier tonight:

I recently applied for a building permit for a new house.

It was going to be 100 ft tall and 400 ft wide with 9 gun turrets at
various heights and windows all over the place and a loud outside
entertainment sound system. It would have parking for 200 cars and I
was going to paint it dark green with pink trim.

The City Council told me to go to hell.

So I sent in the application again; but this time I called it a Mosque.

Work starts next Monday...

(See full blog here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:42 PM


Friday, August 20
Spies of the Balkans - A novel reviwed
“The Salonika communications unit was at least indoors; having bivouacked in the local
school along with other reservists. They’d stacked the chairs against the wall and slept on
the floor. Dry, but bored. Each member of the unit had been armed for war by the issue of a
blanket, a helmet, and a French Lebel rifle made in 1917. The captain took Zannis aside
and said, ‘Ever fire one of these?’

‘No, never.’

‘Too bad. It would be good for you to practice, but we can’t spare the ammunition.’ He
chambered a bullet, closed the bolt, and handed the weapon to Zannis. ‘It has a three-round
tube. You work the bolt, look through the sight, find an Italian, and pull the trigger. It isn’t
complicated.’”

This is one of the grim humorous passages in Alan Furst’s latest historical spy novel, Spies
of the Balkans. The story incorporates Mussolini’s strutting invasion of Greece, to
demonstrate his power and value to Hitler, but the Greeks drive his divisions back Albania
and Hitler has to send his army to Greece.

As the events unfold Costas Zannis, a senior police official who works only special ‘political’
cases, finds himself being drawn into the lives and acts of spies, wives, lovers, and
criminals from Turkey, Britain, Germany, and Bulgaria. He cautiously develops an escape
route from Berlin to Salonika to Turkey.

The Underground Railroad in America, an informal network of secret routes and safe
houses used by black slaves to escape to free states and Canada between 1850 and 1860,
was a piece of cake compared to creating escape routes for Jews and others important to
the Allies from Nazi Germany and the Gestapo. Being caught on the run in Europe meant
death for those fleeing and anyone who helped them. Yet there were those who fled and
those who stepped up to rescue them. Zannis is one of these rescuers and his actions put
him on the Gestapo’s list of scores to settle.

Spies of the Balkans takes the reader on a suspenseful journey through the labyrinth of
Eastern Europe in 1939-1940 and keeps the tension at a maximum peak as the Germans
march into Greece. With all other routes closed Zannis reaches the Turkish border where,
because he lacks a visa, he is told, “You will return to Greece.”

This is the 11th historical novel written by Alan Furst centered on spies, intelligence
operations and ordinary people during the pivotal years 1933-1945. I have read them all
and consider this one as enjoyable and engaging as the first one and all the others. His
novels have been translated into seventeen languages.

(Furst, Alan, Spies of the Balkans, Random House, New York, 268 pages.)

(For the complete blog click here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat8:44 AM


Wednesday, August 18
Intensify the fight against Alzheimer's



Dear friends,

Alzheimer's disease steals the future from millions of Americans. It robs spouses of their
companions and children of their parents and grandparents; it erodes the health and
financial resources of caregivers.

I just signed a petition calling on Congress to make Alzheimer's disease a national priority.
Will you add your voice?

http://www.alz.org/petition
Your signature will be delivered to Congress on September 21, 2010 World Alzheimer's Day.

Together, we can make Alzheimer's a national priority.

Thank you.

Archie
(For the complete blog click here)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat1:45 PM

Sunday, August 15
How Millennial R U?

On a Sunday morning when it continues to rain as it has since long before dawn I went to
the Pew Research Center and looked at a few studies and issues currently under scrutiny.
Among these was a short quiz, How Millennial Are You?
The quiz measures how much the quiz taker has in common with the Millennial generation,
i.e those born since 1981. It also measures your standing with other groups: Silent
generation (born 1928-1945), baby boomer (1946-1964), gen Xer (1965-1980).
I scored 52 which put me closer to the Millennial generation than any other group. My basic
group, based on date of birth, would have been the silent generation and I was separated
by 48 points from that group. The Pew researchers conclude that the higher your score, the
more you have in common with the Millennial generation.
Who is to say if this is all good or bad one way or the other, but it does make me feel good
to realize I am closer to the generation which will carve our future than tied to the past.
I also took the Science Knowledge Quiz and answered only eight out of twelve questions
correctly. This tells me I need to spend more time watching PBS than HBO.
(To tour the complete blog click here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat10:23 AM



Wednesday, August 11
Death toll - Letter to the Editor



Published: August 11, 2010

July 31, 2010
Letters to the Editor
The Post & Courier
Charleston SC

Dear Sirs:

It is more important to keep the total cost of American lives lost in Afghanistan before the
American people than it is to report the total number of failed banks in the U.S. this year.
The recent Associated Press story (Sat. July 31) "'Tough fighting' takes toll" shed light on
monthly figures of servicemen and women killed in Afghanistan since the end of February
but did not report how many brave American men and women (and other coalition forces)
have been killed in this nine-year war.
Elsewhere in the paper it was reported that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. had a day
earlier seized 3 more banks and that brought to a total of 106 banks which have failed in
2010.
I acknowledge it is highly likely, as the AP reported, "the rise in causalities is likely to erode
support for the war in Washington and the capitals of the 45 other countries that provide
troops" in Afghanistan. This happened in the Vietnam War. So be it. We at home need to
constantly have before us the terrible cost of this nine-year war. Otherwise it will go on and
on.

Sincerely,

/s/Francis X. Archibald

Click here for the entire blog.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:20 PM


Tuesday, August 10
Readers' responses
Sometimes I get responses to a blog entry so fast it makes me think I touched a sensitive
nerve. Such was the case on Sunday, August 6, when I blogged against some lawmakers
expressing an inclination to change the Constitution (see below)to deny citizenship to
children born in the United States of parents who are illegal immigrants. These were some
of the early comments, in agreement with and opposed to my views, including a boilerplate
response from Senator Lindsey Graham, (R-SC). (References to the baby refer to the
picture which accompanied the blog entry. I alternated the typeface to make it easier to
read.)

I am p....d off at Lindsay Graham also. I think he is a blockhead for supporting Kagan.
(Semi-retired businessman in Virginia.)
Just a quick line to applaud your latest. I spent an hour last night trying to prove Obama was
born in the U.S. I always try to remember what my Dad use to say "sometimes the best
revenge is to leave them stupid." Hang in there pal.
(SC Businessman)

I hope you sent this to those chowder heads!!
(Retired SC physician)

Thank you for taking the time to contact me. I appreciate the opportunity to hear from you.
In spite of the high volume of mail I receive daily, I look forward to reviewing your
correspondence and providing a personal response as soon as possible.
As we continue our work in the 111th Congress, I look forward to supporting our troops in
the War on Terror, repairing our economy and creating jobs, strengthening Social Security,
lowering the tax burden on American families, and making the federal government more
accountable and efficient.
Please do not hesitate to contact me if I may be of further assistance to you or your family,
and if you need immediate assistance, please call my office at 202-224-5972. If your
correspondence pertains to a scheduling request, please fax your request to (202) 224-
3808.
Sincerely,
Lindsey Graham (U.S. Senator)

I am P......d too! Loved the PHOTO! Keep your COOL... (SC Lady)

Thanks again for your views and comments. I agree with you completely. I like the photo!
(Retired SC man)

If they are the children of illegal immigrants. they are illegal ,also. And I'm totally
exasperated with that blockhead, Obama, who is burdening our children, grandchildren
and ,probably, great, great, great grandchildren with enormous debt. I'm p****d off,
too!!!!!!!!!!!!
(SC Lady)

Could not agree more. Lindsey Graham has made some courageous decisions to cross
party lines but in this case I think he is simply seeking a gimmick to pander to the right. Love
that baby!
(SC Lady)

Welcome to the club. All the guys you named should be out on the street as far as I am
concerned, especially Graham. P.S. Moreover, I think this jerk pictures himself as President!
(Former federal employee)
Well, there ARE those of us who are NOT "blockhead" (I AM, after all, an ex-cop who feels
just as strongly about cop killers and the like) but remain equally as pissed off at this
"INVASION" of illegals into our...OUR...sovereign nation! Just because our gutless, inside-
the-beltway, totally PC'd, so-called leaders (on both sides of the aisle) refuse to do what it'll
take to stop this tidal wave of immigrants flooding over the border, doesn't (shouldn't) mean
we cannot WISELY, in my view, amend things such that by sneaking across our border to
"drop a kid" no longer REWARDS these illegals with granting their newborn fetuses with
automatic, constitutionally protected US citizenship! That's NONSENSE and absolutely
NOT in the spirit of what our Founding Fathers had in mind nor could've possibly foreseen
the times we now face. The drain on our economy (ask California), the effect on our
diminishing culture ("press one for English, two for SPANISH!!!), not to mention the
dangerous ease of passage for WHOEVER wants to jump aboard this American
bandwagon - - be their intentions good or evil (even draconian) - - is one of the biggest
threats we face in my opinion. We OWE our children and grandchildren better...much
better...than what we're leaving behind.
Just another point of view...from one who's actually made hundreds and hundreds of felony
arrests in his day of the other criminal filth in this country you rightfully mentioned. There are
American citizens down near the border, on US soil, being slaughtered by illegals involved
with the Mexican drug cartels...I care more about THEM and THEIR constitutional rights
than I do ANY of these ILLEGALS, who show none of us an ounce of respect nor regard for
our sovereignty...and then laugh at us by hiding behind such an out-of-step, antiquated law
and DEMAND their "rights???" That's crap and WHY the Founding Fathers established the
process to amend things in the first place.
So, I do not consider as "blockheads" those you mention just because they wish to address
- - LEGALLY - - an ever growing, serious problem!
(Retired federal employee)

I am totally exasperated with SC Senator Lindsey Graham. Yes, and just when he was
about to get on my good side for supporting Elena Kagan! If we want to punish evil doers
let's start with some real, honest-to-God criminals and not pick on new-born babies simply
because moma and papa came across the Rio Grande to cut lawns in Southern California,
wash dishes at Aspen, Colorado or pick tomatoes in South Carolina. What the h@^l makes
us think it's "our" country, anyway - just because we had the good sense to pick 'mericans
for parents? And . . . .if we could bother to send some agricultural, educational, economic
and health care foreign aid to countries that really need it (not talking bombs and guns here),
most people would be happy staying where they are, if there was a way to have a
meaningful life!
Yeesh!
(A SC Lady in the ministry)

That's the problem that RR, GB 1, and GB 2 left us who care about exploitation, justice, and
mercy. The Democrats cannot ignore those problems just because the Republicans care to.
All of us have quite a few tigers by the tail. I, for one, sure as hell don't have the answer. It
seems to me there a’int no quick fix.
(Retired college president)

This little baby expresses my sentiments exactly!!!
(Graduate of my High School)

(See the complete blog here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:25 AM

Sunday, August 8
I am p****d off!




I am totally exasperated with SC Senator Lindsey Graham, John McCain and the other
blockheads for even thinking about changing the Constitution of the United States to deny
citizenship to children born in this country to parents who are illegal immigrants.
Is it because they want to punish lawbreakers and lawbreaking? There is no question illegal
immigrants are breaking the law? Here's a surprise. The penalty for such lawbreaking is six
months for a first offense and two years for subsequent offenses.
If we are going to punish people for breaking the law let's start with some real SOBs:
murderers, cop killers, burglars, rapists and the white collar criminals who steal people's
retirement and wreck havoc through their shady dealings. Let's deny citizenship to the off-
spring of these criminals. That will cut down on crime about as much as denying citizenship
to the baby born of illegal immigrants will cut down on the number of illegal immigrants.
If we want to punish evil doers let's start with some real, honest-to-God criminals and not
pick on new-born babies simply because moma and papa came across the Rio Grande to
cut lawns in Southern California, wash dishes at Aspen, Colorado or pick tomatoes in South
Carolina.
Get some damn common sense, Lindsey and John and the rest of you bloating blockheads.
I am p****d off!.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:21 AM


Wednesday, July 21
A bit over the top

I believe it is a bit over the top for the government to send BP an $75,000 nonitemized
bill for a one-day visit to the New Orleans crisis center by VP Joe Biden, as reported
in The Wall Street Journal on-line edition, July 21.
I like Biden and he is a nice guy, but what did he actually contribute to solving the
crisis besides bringing himself up to speed, something he could have done with a
video conference at a cheaper price. (Disclaimer: I support this administration and am a
former BP stockholder.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat10:20 AM


Thursday, July 8
It came in the mail


Today I received a canvass survey document from the National Republican Congressional
Committee asking my view "as a Republican leader" on 20 questions ranging from Obama
and Nancy Pelosi's alleged "soft-on-defense, reckless spending, higher taxes, and
expansive Big Government policies" to whether or not I believe it important "to remove
Nancy Pelosi as Speaker of the House."
It cost the NRCC eight-cents to mail this survey to me, although in the part where they
asked for money they said it would cost $11 to tabulate and process my survey.
They asked for this amount and another $100 so they could mail 211 more survey
documents to registered Republicans.
On the oft-chance they might have hit the mother load they also had a place on the survey
where I could checkoff and send $1,000, if I was so inclined. And of, course, if I wanted to, I
could put this contribution on my credit card, (and probably earn frequent flier miles and pay
18% interest on the outstanding balance.)
Wouldn't you know it, however, this survey arrived just a few days after I had planned to
send the same $1,000 to Nancy Peolsi to help her continue her sterling leadership in the
House of Representatives.
As to the policies of the Obama administration, they may not all be 100% right or perfect but
in the past two years they have been a breath of fresh air.
This canvass survey is so loaded with pre-judged, anti-Obama, anti-Democrat, unfair and
biased questions that I checked the box saying I supported Peolsi and sent it back to the
NRCC in their postage paid envelope. It will cost them about 49 cents to open that envelope.
(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat3:38 PM


Saturday, July 3
A grandson's note to grandma
Our grandson was graduated from high school in Myrtle Beach in June and like all
grandparents we sent along a little something to commemorate the event. Our grandson
then wrote the following note to his grandmother:

Dear Grandma and Pepaw,
I wish I could find the words to describe all of my emotions for the two of you. Since
day one you have taken care of me and I will always remember that. When me and my
mom would come and stay with ya'll that was when life was at its best. Everything
was so simple and the only worry I had was when was grandma going to make dinner.
I love you both very much and everything you have done will never be forgotten.
Love
Matthew

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat3:05 PM




Tuesday, June 22

Clamp on Picnic Table Canopy
Every once in a while you see a great idea and say, "wow." I had a "wow" moment today
while looking at the on-line Hammacher Schlemmer catalog. It is a picnic table canopy.
Here is the on-line description:

The Clamp On Picnic Table Canopy.

This portable canopy clamps to any rectangular wooden table and provides up to 75' sq. of
shade. The unit's adjustable bracket clamps latch onto picnic tables, the three-piece frame
sets up in seconds, and the canopy simply slides over the frame. The canopy tilts 20º in
either direction, adjusts up to 9' high, and locks into place at the desired position. Made
from a durable polyester fabric, the canopy filters the sun's UV rays and provides reliable
shelter from rain. The powder coated steel frame, high impact injection molded connectors,
and rip-stop canopy ensure years of reliable use. The entire unit folds to fit into the included
duffel bag. Minor assembly. Fits tables 4' to 10' wide. Open: 58" H x 90" W x 120" L. (27 lbs.)
Item 11679
$129.95
Please allow 1-2 weeks for delivery.

Makes me wish I had a picnic table out in my backyard!

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:23 PM



Tuesday, June 8
Spare me your "mercy"
I believe most people today are like myself; poorly informed about gladiators. When I visited
the Rome Colosseum a few years ago I found it much smaller than I had imagined in my
mind. After all what I know about gladiators I learned from the silver screen and actors like
Victor Mature, Kirk Douglas and Russell Crowe, all of whom vanquished large animals and
brutes bigger than themselves, won their freedom and made off with some busty woman.
Thus, I was intrigued when I saw a headline in the local paper about a possible gladiator
graveyard being uncovered in England. The article reported new forensic evidence
suggests bones belonged to gladiators. It cited men larger than the average Roman, arm-
muscle stress indicating possible weapons training at an early age, and carnivore marks on
bones, all suggesting an arena connection. It was a shock to read that gladiators were often
beheaded as an "act of mercy after suffering horrific injuries during their fights." You would
hope they would have been given some hemlock or a tainted mushroom.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat8:17 AM



Saturday, June 5

Get this message
(Published June 5, 2010)

Letters to the Editor
The Post & Courier
Charleston, SC

Dear Sir

It was inspiring to read about the 830 students who graduated from MUSC into the health
care field last week. I wish them all a lifetime of career satisfaction as they attend to the
medical needs of their patients.
I recently sent a one-paragraph to a doctor whose name I omit out of courtesy. If the 830
were smart enough to graduate, they ought to be smart enough to get this message:

"Dear Dr. Name Omitted

"Today, Thursday, May 20, 2010, I arrived at your office with my wife, Mary Archibald, at
10:35 for a 10:50 appointment. At 11:30 we were still waiting in the outer office with the
prospect of being there at least another hour. Two other patients had gone into the inner
office ahead of us and neither had come out. A third patient was also ahead of us in the
outer office. During this wait a drug rep came, was admitted to the inner office and left after
about twenty minutes. Another person came delivering three large bags (it looked like
lunch). All this time Mary was in her wheel chair. I know when she is tiring and the likelihood
of another hour’s wait was obviously going to be too much for her. (I had picked her up at
Franke’s Skilled Nursing unit at 10:15.) We left."

Sincerely,

/s/ Francis X. Archibald

(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat9:35 AM

Wednesday, May 26

Where to play the game




Moderate weather fans were thrown a bone this week when the NFL announced the 2014
Super Bowl will be played in New Jersey.
On cue came the cries of the purists who believe that weather ought not to play a role in
determining the outcome of the game. Since the first game was played back in 1968 the
league has always chosen a warm climate – California, Florida, New Orleans, Atlanta - for
the game.
The decision to play in New Jersey where the forecast for game day in 2014 is temperature
in the low thirties, strong winds, and maybe snow, was in part a reward for the new stadium
in New Jersey.
All of this is much ado about nothing. To really even things out for having favored warm
weather teams these past 43 years the league should put the game in Green Bay.
Remember the NFL championship game between the Green Bay Packers and the Dallas
Cowboys played on the frozen tundra on December 31, 1967, when the pre-game wind-chill
was minus 70 degrees? By kickoff time knowledgeable weather men in Green Bay were on
the plane to the Fijis. The stout-hearted were in Lambeau Field.
With a little over four minutes to play in the fourth quarter, Bart Starr started the Packers on
a drive to the end zone 68 ice covered yards away.
Did the weather influence the game? Green Bay fans say, nah: ‘both teams had to play in
the same conditions.’ Dallas fans respond: ‘that’s like saying the swimmer and shark were
equal since they were both in the water.’
When Starr dove into the South end zone with 13 seconds on the clock his winning
touchdown created one of the most memorable moments in NFL history for the Packers,
Starr and the fans.
This is what football is all about. Regular season games are played in warm climates,
moderate (for football anyway) places like New Jersey and Pittsburgh, and then where real
men get tested: Green Bay, Wisconsin.
The Super Bowl ought to get the same billing.
(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:01 AM



Tuesday, May 25

Woody Woodpecker is alive and well
Yesterday while walking from the dining room to my apartment building I heard a
woodpecker. I paused and look up in a tree but did not see him. I took a few steps and
heard him again and I stopped and looked. I thought he wants me to see him. After a
minute or so I spotted him about 30 feet up the side of a tree. He commenced his rat-a-tat-
rat-a-tat-rat-a-tat pecking as I stood there watching and listening. Then he moved about 90
degrees to a new position on tree but hit a soft spot and though his beak was moving in and
out, or up and down, there was no noise. He flew away and I walked on to my apartment.
(From my blog.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat7:54 AM

http://archibaldinsc.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2010-12-18T18:09:00-05:00



Francis X Archibald
A South Carolinian on issues great and small

Sunday, May 23

Matterhorn – A tale of courage and survival

It has been a long time since a novel was so compelling I hated to put in down and yearned
to pick it up again as soon as I could. This is "Matterhorn." It has nothing to do with that
fabled mountain in the Swiss Alps which attracts professional climbers every summer. It is a
story about a hill in Vietnam that a company of Marines took, abandoned, and re-took in
1969.



I picked up this novel about the same time I was watching the ten-part HBO series "The
Pacific," the heroic struggle of the United States Marines during World War II. I was struck
by the similarities in both wars.
The author, Karl Marlantes, a graduate of Yale University and a Rhodes Scholar, served as
a Marine in Vietnam. He was awarded the Navy Cross, the Bronze Star, two Navy
Commendation medals for valor, two Purple Hearts and ten air medals. He brings to this
first novel a wealth of first-hand experience about men in war. One wonders if Matterhorn is
more auto-biographical than imaginary. In any event it ranks very high among the tales told
of the Vietnam experience which I have read over the years. Marlantes says he worked on
this, his first novel, for thirty years.



This gritty tale has been widely praised and nit-pickingly criticized. Some thought it over-
written; others get hung-up on little things like explaining the military lingo in the narrative
despite a glossary of weapons, technical terms, slang and jargon, in the back of the book. I
did not find this distracting. To the contrary, it helps the uninformed understand immediately
without having to flip back and forth.



The one thing I believe comes straight at you is the oft told tale about why men fight as they
do in battle. They aren't fighting down on the ground in Vietnam for some noble purpose laid
down by politicians back home (stop the spread of Communism) or by senior officers way
behind the lines (body counts are a measure of progress); they are fighting for their lives
and the man at their side.



The perspective of the "snuff" (a young Marine of low rank) is always going to be different
from that of the career senior officers, "lifers" – quite often a derogatory term implying one
who puts career, military rules and decorum above the welfare of the troops. In between
these two groups are the young 2nd lieutenants who live and die with the snuffs but are
charged by their seniors to lead them to fight.



The battalion commander drinks too much for anyone in charge of troops and is quick off of
the mark to find fault and suspect the worst. Marlantes gives us hope at the regiment and
division level. The future is not addressed in the novel, but it is reasonable to expect that
very shortly an officer's fitness report will put the battalion commander out to pasture.



In Vietnam this hierarchical system worked as it has for two-hundred years. It never is pretty,
but the job gets done and young Americans rise to the occasion over and over again.



It is not going to happen but every American ought to read this tale and imagine himself in
the First Squad, First Platoon. Matterhorn will not be a novel you will quit on half-way
through. To do so would be deserting the boys in the sweltering mountains and jungle of
Vietnam.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:57 AM



Tuesday, May 11

Why Youth Join al-Qaeda


The recent bombing attempt in Times Square has renewed questions about what motivates
young people to join violent extremist groups. In a new Special Report, United States
Institute of Peace Senior Fellow Col. John M. "Matt" Venhaus examines how the terrorist
group al-Qaeda recruits young people, who signs up and why, and ways to prevent al-
Qaeda from growing its ranks.
Read the Special Report
Click on the Download Now link beneath the image of the report (on the USIP site) or read
the summary on the opening page.
(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat5:25 PM



Saturday, May 1

Shopping at The Pig




In the days when Jesus trod the earth many men drank wine from goatskins. The richer
ones had urns which they sometimes filled with water and we all know what happened at
that wedding feast. Later on came bottles and real corks, most of which came from Portugal.
Enterprising people took this a step further and introduced plastic corks. Time moves on
and wine today is being sold in cardboard boxes equal to four 750 liter bottles. It is claimed
the wine will stay fresh for a month after being opened. (I guess this is a natural progression
to being able to have dog food delivered to our doors.)

If you pass on the wine in the cardboard box, as I did after picking up some apples and
bananas at The Pig in Seaside Shoppes, watch yourself at the register, or better yet check
the register receipt. I shopped on Saturday. My bill came to over $12. After putting the food
away at home I looked a bit closer at the receipt and thought that was a lot of money for
three items (I also bought some cow's milk). The apples cost $8.74. WHOA, wait a minute. I
didn't buy that many. I got out the scale I use to weigh kilos of coke (that's an attempted
funny, don't call the DEA) and had about 20 ounces of apples. Having learned elementary
math at the hands of Miss Seed in the Hugh J. Molloy school, I returned to The Pig. The
customer service rep weighed the apples and gave me a refund of $5.66. I asked what he
intended to do about the scale and register where I checked out and he said "they are OK.
The checkout girl probably leaned on the scale" and he would speak to her about it. And
since my cash back was over $5 would I please sign the chit he put before me.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:44 PM



Tuesday, April 20

How the government spends some of your money


At one time or another we all wonder about how the government is spending our money. A
portion of that money goes to maintaining and operating the FBI in Washington, across the
country and in some foreign lands where we have embassies. One way to get an idea of
what you are receiving for your money is to go to www.fbi.gov/ and look in the left hand
column. You will find links to receive daily e-mail updates from the Bureau covering
activities throughout the country and you can submit your e-mail address for press releases
from the Columbia, SC, office (or other field offices in areas you are interested in). The daily
e-mails come bullet-like with a summary of the issue and a link to the details. I have looked
at these for a few weeks now and find them as interesting as any news magazine I read.
One category of crime that surprises me is "public corruption" which gets much attention
from the Bureau because of its effect on citizen respect for government, as well as betrayal
of public trust for money or other favors. (Corrected copy.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat6:46 PM



Monday, April 19

How not to dress for a flight

Michael Lombardi runs a financial investment in New York and threw a personal gripe into
a recent e-mail that hit home with me and I want to pass it along:

“My gripe today may be a silly one, but I want to share it with my readers anyway.
“Back in the 1950s, 1960s and even for the majority of the 1970s, men would wear suits to
work, women would wear dresses.
“(Remember The Dick Van Dyke Show or The Lucy Show. The men would come home
from work in suits and wear them around the house until they went to bed, while women
would wear dresses.)
“Putting work and the office aside, people originally dressed up to go onto an airplane. As a
frequent traveler, I've become quite disgusted (sorry for the hard words) about how people
dress on an airplane these days. I don't want to sit next to someone (male or female) who is
wearing
“flip flops on a plane. Nor do I want to sit next to a man wearing short pants and an
undershirt or a woman wearing a tank top, shorts and sun glasses.
“Sure, society has changed and dress today is much more casual. And while I don't expect
people to get "dressed up" to go onto a flight, I do expect people to have respect for the way
they present themselves and for their fellow passengers. I'm all for being ‘comfy’ on an
airplane, but I have a big problem with people dressing as if the plane is a stepping stone to
the beach or the gym.”

(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:32 AM



Wednesday, April 14

Sovereign Citizen Movement




Sovereign citizens "believe that even though they physically reside in this country, they are
separate or 'sovereign' from the United States."They believe they don't have to pay taxes,
can ignore the courts and thumb their noses at practically every organ of government
federal, state and local. The FBI has released a summary of this movement in the United
States and I found it interesting to say the least. They have even gone so far as to create
their own license plates, some of which are shown in an FBI photo.
(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:43 AM



Thursday, April 1

Madam Speaker…

Gavin Newsome, Mayor of San Francisco
According to news reports House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is the Republican Party’s top target,
but the only way they can kick her out of the speaker’s office is to take control of the
Congress in November.

Mrs. Pelosi got 72 percent of the vote in her District in 2008. San Francisco is her home
base and the mayor of that city by the sea said on Bill Maher’s show a couple of weeks
ago that his city already has a health plan in place which mirrors the bill passed by the
Congress in March which has stirred up so much opposition in the GOP.

The main reason they have betting windows at race tracks is because people disagree on
who is going to win. As of now, I believe Mrs. Pelosi will be with us as Speaker of the House
in the 2011-2012 term. Political buffs stayed turned.

(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:17 PM



Friday, March 26

10 Ways Health Care may affect your taxes



This is a link to Market Watch, a respectable and reliable source of information concerning
finances at all levels. It outlines how the recently enacted Health Care legislation may affect
your and my taxes.
(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat9:59 PM



Friday, March 19
hh gregg – research before you go

Two or three times a week there is an insert in the local paper touting low prices at hh gregg,
appliances and electronics. This may not always be the case. Today at the local store I
bought a Free Agent/Go Dock to hold my external disc drive for $19.99.

A short time later I was in the Best Buy store and found the same product for $4.99. I
bought one there also and later returned the first one to hhgregg.

I am not sure how you explain such a price differential but it obviously pays to have some
idea of what something costs before you shop.

(See my complete blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat7:14 PM



Wednesday, February 24

Cleaning the refrigertor




Anjali Athavaley wrote in the fourth section of The Wall Street Journal, February 24, 2010,
(“Why Won’t Anyone Clean Me?”) about how most Americans clean their refrigerators only
once or twice a year and how refrigerator manufacturers are trying to make their new
appliances a weapon in the fight against dirty kitchens.
It came as a shock to me that most Americans actually clean their refrigerator twice a year. I
have been in my Man Cave for two years and have not cleaned my refrigerator once.
During the 55 or so years my wife and I shared a home I am sure she cleaned our
refrigerator regularly, at least I never found reason to complain. Of course, when you have
five children at home there not much food that lingers long enough in a refrigerator to
resemble “science projects” or cause bacteria problems. (My wife now lives in a nursing
home and I am in my second period of bachelorhood, the first being the time between when
I left home to enter the Air Force and when I married.)
A cleaning service comes to my apartment weekly and does the necessary, but things like
refrigerators are a special service and separate arrangements must be made. My good
intentions to get this done seem to disappear in the time it takes to close the refrigerator
and put the task out of sight. After reading Miss Athavaley’s article this morning I was
determined to get in there and “clean and sanitize.” I put on some old pants and shoes and
went to work.
First, I emptied all the food out of the refrigerator and stacked it on the counter and stove
top in the kitchen. I don’t keep a lot of food as I take most of my meals in the dining room of
the retirement community where I live, or I eat elsewhere. (Occasionally, falling back on “the
kindness of strangers.”) As I pulled each item I gave it the smell test and looked it over
carefully for signs of something that might cure the H1N1 virus.
Then I commenced to take out all the shelves, compartments and humidity controlled
containers. I washed each of these pieces in the kitchen sick with hot water and detergent
and as I did so I put them on towels I had laid out on the dinette table and leather sofa to air
dry. It surprised me how easily all these parts came out and it later surprised me even more
that they all went back in.
When it came time to restore the food I carefully noted the advice in the article and put the
condiments on the door shelf (the warmest part of the refrigerator and not the place for the
milk carton). I only have one potato, an apple and three oranges that are likely to spoil if
they are still around on Labor Day but I put them front where I will see every time I open the
door. I looked at the “use by dates” and chucked a couple of items into the trash.
All in all it was not a time consuming task, nor something beyond a man with only a Masters
degree in international relations. I did the job in about an hour and took some pictures as I
went along in case I am compelled to prove that I cleaned my refrigerator during the 21st
Century. I suspect that when some congress person(s) read the article there will be an
attempt to create a refrigerator police force. Such is the way of life.
(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:46 PM



Monday, February 22

Duke, we miss you

I can hardly wait for May to arrive. AMC and other movie channels usually run a month long
tribute to John Wayne by showing his movies over again. The Duke died in 1979 so many
of these films are dated and you know the outcome. The Duke is always the good guy and
right away you can spot the bad guys. This desire for a nostalgic moment (or month of such
moments) is propelled by the two last films I have chosen to watch.

One was Lorna’s Silence: the story of an Albania girl who enters into a sham marriage to a
Belgian drug dealer to get Belgium citizenship so she can get a license to open a snack bar.
At the end she is running for her life and hiding in a cold shack in a forest somewhere
between Belgium and Albania laying on a simple wooden bench and whispering to the non-
existent child she imagines is in her womb.

The second film is Shutter Island, the Scorsese film which took in the most money at the
box office this week. In this one a US Marshal arrives at an asylum for the criminally insane
on this island off the coast of Boston to investigate the disappearance of an inmate – or a
patient, as the staff likes to refer to them – and winds up quietly heading for a lighthouse on
the island where the doctor and staff will perform a lobotomy on him.
Let’s just say these films were not my cup of tea and I like the simpler world of the Duke.




Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat5:18 PM



Saturday, February 20

Marsh walk, Mt Pleasant SC




This is a link to some pictures I took today at the recently opened Mt Pleasant marsh walk
near the Water Works Department on Rifle Range Road. There is also a dog park which
has two fenced areas, one for large dogs and one for small dogs. Along the way to the
marsh we met some people and dogs enjoying the warmer weather and the great view from
the marsh. Parking is close by the entrance to this site. It is on a driveway between the
Water Works and the new Mamie Whiteside school under construction. It makes a nice
outing.

(Click on the above link to see the pictures).

(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat4:49 PM
Thursday, February 11

Health care died in 2010

The sweeping improvement to health care in America envisioned by the Obama
administration a year ago is dead. Its lengthy life killed it.

President Obama and his advisors looked back at the fate of President Clinton’s health
initiative. President Clinton sent his wife up to Congress with a detailed master plan. When
it arrived it hung there like a piñata at a Cinco de Mayo festival in a Juarez saloon where
three kinds of people waited to bash it: the nearly drunk, the drunk and those who couldn’t
even hang on to the floor. To avoid a similar fate, the new administration’s reasoning went,
let’s allow Congress to write a bill around some goals advanced by President Obama. Well,
that hasn’t worked either.

Having taken over the government in 2009, the really liberal Democrats in Congress (who
never face serious Republican challenges back home) drafted a bill with every wish and wet
dream idea they ever had in it. The Democrats from states where they depended on
Republican cross voting to get elected balked at some of these ideas, not that they weren’t
good. They were just too risky for some Democrats. Meanwhile, the Republicans got
together and decided they would not support anything – even a 21st Century version of the
miracle of the loaves and fishes – not even if they could put their hand into Jesus’ side.

Over in the Senate the Democratic majority that could push a proposal through dithered too
damn long and then the great Liberal Lion, Ted Kennedy, died. What could have been the
strongest voice for health care reform was silenced. The one man who might have brokered
a deal, as sick as he was, with a few Republicans was gone from the Senate scene.

Then the seat held by Senator Kennedy was given to a Republican by the Massachusetts
voters and the chances for health care reform began to really slide down hill. In the end, the
proponents wanted and expected too much, the administration plan to let the Congress
draft the bill has turned out to be a mistake and the refusal of the Republicans in Congress
to come to the table in any collegial manner finally scuttled the whole idea of imaginative
health care reform. If anything comes out in 2010 it will be a watered down version of the
great dream. The 35 million uncovered Americans will remain uncovered. There may be
tinkering around the edges but in the long run insurers will make more money and
consumers will pay higher premiums.

(From my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:09 PM



Wednesday, February 10
Goodbye Charlie, Thanks for your work



Charlie Wilson, a 12-term congressman from Texas, has died at the age of 76. While he
was in Congress he was a one-man dollar resource assault team against the Soviets in
Afghanistan. There is a book and later a movie, Charlie Wilson's War, which tell the story of
how an obscure playboy congressman (Tom Hanks played Wilson) from Texas single-
handedly got the Congress to funnel millions of dollars to the mujahideen and Afghan
"freedom fighters" to fight and ultimately defeat the Soviets during the 1980s. Some say
now that weapons funded by Wilson and the CIA are being used against us in Afghanistan,
but that is Monday-morning quarterbacking. The fact is that Wilson's efforts led to the defeat
of the Soviets and forced them to give up in Afghanistan. It had the unintended
consequence of awaking dreams and visions of Islam, but that not ought to be held against
Charlie.

If you haven't see the excellent movie it is available on DVD at most of the usual outlets and
is occasionally seen on movie channels. With Wilson's death you might look for it to be re-
run several times over the next week or two.

The book, written by George Crile, is similarly available at most of the usual outlets. It is a
fascinating read. I actually saw the movie first and then bought and read the book. The story
is that compelling.

Charlie Wilson is the only outsider ever recognized by the CIA as "honored colleague." He
was truly one of the good guys.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat4:56 PM



Sanford saga

Letters to the Editor
The Post & Courier
Charleston, SC
Dear Sirs:
Drucilla Barker, director of women and gender studies at USC, hit the nail on the head
regarding Jenny Sanford's book on her life, failed marriage and divorce from the governor.

This sadly miserable tale, like a few others involving rich celebrities in recent years,
continues to play out only because of the wealth and resources available to Mrs. Sanford.

There are thousands of women, and some men, across this country who divorce every year
because of infidelity and other reasons and we hear little or nothing from them or about
them, only the statistics about the divorce rate.
Through the Internet, for example, I learned that for the 12 months ending in April 2009, 34
percent of marriages ended in divorce. Enough of the Sanfords.

/s/ Francis X. Archibald

(Published February 10, 2010)

(This is from my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat3:14 PM



Wednesday, January 27

You’ve got mail

On a lark about six days ago I decided to count the pieces of unsolicited mail I received
over the next week. Leading the way were 19 offers to sell me something, 13 requests for
donations to charities and 7 offers to subscribe to publications. Clearly these 39 unsolicited
mailings outnumbered the pieces of mail and magazines I already subscribe to.

My mail is not unusual, according to comments made in the lobby by other residents of my
35 unit apartment house. One lady said all she ever gets is “pay me, buy me, give me” mail
and wonders how the senders got her name. I wonder the same thing. Did someone get a
copy of the directory for our retirement community? If so, how? Holders of the directory are
requested not to make copies nor share the contents with outsiders.

I have briefly considered writing “Return to Sender,” and adding either “Addressee
deceased” or “Moved, left no address” but the next piece of unsolicited mail will simply be
addressed to “Occupant.” I think I will just continue to toss the unwanted mail in the recycle
bin and get on with my life.

(This is from my larger BLOG.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat7:32 PM



Wednesday, January 13

God does not carry a 220 year old grudge!

The earthquake in Haiti is, according to TV evangelist Pat Robertson, God getting even for
a pact Haitians made with the devil in 1791. Legend has it that 220 years ago some
Haitians led by slaves revolted against French rule and made a pact with the devil to serve
him if he got them out from under the French.
Haiti is the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere and possible anywhere in the world.
Even an old testament vengeful God would consider this sufficient punishment for nine
million people who today live in abject poverty and who have never known anything better.
He would not have to send them an earthquake to make his point. On top of which none of
these nine million souls were around when the alleged pact was made with Satan.

I do not believe natural disasters occur because God gets up one day on the wrong side of
the bed and decides to even scores. It is not necessary to understand all the forces of
nature which must come into play for disasters to occur. Suffice it to say they happen and
they are called natural disasters, be they earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, plagues,
landslides. These things are not, in my opinion, the messenger of the Lord.

Anyway, forget about the loony characterizations of the Rev. Robertson and find some way
to send a bit of help to some charity trying to alleviate the terrible effect of this disaster in
Haiti. The God I know will not punish you for being an accessory after the fact to a 220 year
old pact with the devil.

(This is an extract from my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:03 PM



Tuesday, January 5

Some stars will be sadly added

Sometime later this year seven stars will be added to the CIA Memorial Wall honoring the
men and women who died in Afghanistan this past week. Their bodies were returned to the
United States on Monday, arriving at Dover AFB, the scene of the return of so many other
Americans who have died in the line of duty. Following are some notes about the CIA
Memorial Wall:




THE CIA MEMORIAL WALL – Langley, Virginia
The Memorial Wall is on the north wall of the Original Headquarters Building lobby. This
wall of 90 stars stands as a silent, simple memorial to those CIA officers who
have made the ultimate sacrifice. Above the stars, a simple inscription reads: "In honor of
those members of the Central Intelligence Agency who gave their lives in
the service of their country." The Memorial Wall was commissioned by the CIA Fine Arts
Commission in May 1973 and sculpted by Harold Vogel in July 1974.
Below the Memorial Wall sits the glass encased "Book of Honor." It lists the names of 55
officers who died while serving their country. The names of the remaining 35 officers must
remain secret, even in death; each of these officers is remembered in the book by a star.
This wall memorializes those men and women who served and sacrificed in silence.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat4:41 PM



Monday, January 4

Getting blog writer updated

This is an informational blog – I am using a new application to help craft blog entries and
hope that you receiving this will not be an undue intrusion. I am including a picture taken in
early December 2009 when one of our fine dining room staff was leaving to pursue her new
career in nursing. Well done Tameka!

Archie




Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat7:13 PM



Friday, January 1

Life's little problems




On a Sunday I bought an overcoat in a large Southern chain store. Sleeves needed to be
shortened a tad and the coat would “go to the tailor on Monday. Be ready after four on
Thursday.” I could not get back on Thursday and Friday was New Year’s Day so I
telephoned to see if the store was open. It was. And the lady answering the phone said she
would check on my coat and call me back. Thirty minutes later she called and said the coat
was ready to be picked up. “Come to the customer service desk.” I drove to the store and
went to the customer service desk. My coat is not there and I have to go down the aisle,
turn right and go to another customer service desk. Off I go. At this desk a clerk is closing a
sale of three nylon panties to a rather large woman who wants 15% off as promised in some
newspaper coupon she presents. That takes another minute or two and my mind wanders
as to how this woman would look in those panties. I repress the image and present my
claim ticket to the clerk. This is not the customer service desk that handles such and I must
go back down to the end of the aisle. At this third customer service desk my ticket is
presented again and the clerk disappears into the back room somewhere. Other customers
arrive and want to check out but are dismayed to find the customer service desk not staffed.
“She will be back in a moment,” I tell them reassuringly. “She went to get my coat.” The
clerk returns empty-handed and says maybe it is in a fourth customer service station and
she will go there and check. I say that I will do it and she should stay at her work station and
help these other customers. (After all we are trying to cooperate with President Obama and
get the national economy moving and every little bit helps.) On to number four I go. By now
I have almost made a 360 degree sweep of the store. At number four a clerk is finishing up
a sale and then he turns to me. I present my ticket and he ponders it for a moment and then
reaches over to a large garment in a plastic bag tied in a knot at the bottom (a security
measure so shoplifters can’t stick a second item in a bag). The ticket I presented matches
the ticket on the bag and off I go with the sound of “Thank you, sir, and Happy New Year”
ringing in my ears. I arrive home, hang the bag on a door hook and untie the knot at the
bottom. I remove the coat from the plastic bag. I put on a casual sport coat and then don my
new overcoat. Look at myself in the mirror and am pleased with the whole effect. After all, I
got a greatly reduced price on fine coat. And then the perfect moment is shattered. The coat
still has a plastic security (see picture) tag attached. This is supposed to set off an alarm if
someone tries to leave the store with such a tag in place. But no alarm went off when I left
the store. I examine the tag. It is a rectangular plastic tag on one side and a pin has been
inserted through the garment and is secured with a plastic round button like tag on the
inside. Tampering with this tag is guaranteed to ruin the garment. I tried to twist and pull the
button off at the same time, which sometimes works but not for me. I thought about the
problem for a minute or two and then reasoned there have been a lot of people between
Adam and Eve and myself so this might not be a new problem. I Googled the question of
removing clothing security tags and was shocked to find out dozens and dozens of people
have had this stupid problem. There were young girls literally in tears who had prom
dresses, men with suits, some who lived out in the New York suburbs and dreaded going
back into Manhattan to get the tag removed. One earlier victim suggested wearing the
garment with the security tag and starting a new fashion statement. People reported using
hammers, flat head screwdrivers and pliers to deal with the problem, some of which
resulted in damaging the garment. Another suggested going to a store close to your home
and ask them to remove the tag. This approach is iffy because they might not have the
correct tool and the explanation process could generate more questions and an extended
hassle. So I returned to the store where I bought the coat to have the tag removed by the
clerk who gave me the package in the first place. I was not a happy camper, not even when
he apologized and informed me that the sales lady who sold me the coat last Sunday was
the one who should have removed the tag.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat5:02 PM

http://archibaldinsc.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2010-05-25T07:54:00-04:00&max-
results=20&start=20&by-date=false



Wednesday, December 30

What a voice

Over 35 million viewers have seen this YouTube video of Susan Boyle but she is one of my
favorite singers of the decade. I am passing on this link to a remarkable short video so that
everyone can enjoy ( or re-enjoy) the moment. I bought several copies of her first CD in
early December and sent them to each of my children and a couple of close friends. Ms.
Boyle is currently touring Japan where I am sure she will be well received.
(This is from my blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:13 AM



Sunday, December 27

Looking back and forward

To say that 2009 was a tumultuous, momentous year for all of us is somehow not enough to
describe how we are as we enter the second decade of the 21st century. Some good things
happened in 2009, on a personal and family level and on a collective level with our fellow
residents on this planet. Our family was accident free throughout the year, albeit we had our
share of visits to doctors and hospitals. We are healthy and alive going into 2010, although
the Matriarch resides in Skilled Nursing. We had some unemployment but this has been
corrected as the year comes to an end. We had a small amount of success with
investments, managing our money and meeting high costs in a tough economic year. The
young people have done well in school and are growing in wonderful ways. We intensified
friendships and fought off loneliness and discouragement; we have bright hopes for the
future. Our search for pleasure and entertainment was satiated through good movies, TV
and books, as well as associations with friends in group meetings, social settings and visits
to local sites. We had some wins and losses in sports but we convince (or delude)
ourselves 2010 will somehow be better. It is called living the dream. After all it took 85 years
to win another World Series in Boston!
For our country, we inaugurated a new President and handed him a plate full of problems
and opportunities. All things considered he has done well and his team steered the country
through rough financial waters; the economy is picking up. The good people in the land
have risen to the occasion and the naysayers have not carried the day. The nation remains
at war in lands far away from our shores and thousands of brave men and women are out
there defending us here at home. If there is a discordant note it is that these men and
women are bearing the sacrifice, while at home we refuse to impose a war tax which would
share the burden and reduce the debt. The New Year will see improvements in health care
for most Americans; we cannot predict the final costs in terms of dollars but somehow
Americans will muddle through. For more than two centuries “ican” has been a part of
Americans.
In our state and local communities we face tough times and tough choices. Again, the
resilience of our people will stand us in good stead. Major breakthroughs in job creation are
already announced and spirits are on the rise. Practically everywhere men, women and
children, are optimistic and looking forward to personal and collective opportunities and
growth.
It is a good time to be alive in our family, in our country and in South Carolina.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat10:04 AM



Tuesday, December 22

They are at it again....

The prophets of doom and gloom who delight in knocking Congress and irritating the old
people are out and about this Christmas season spreading lies and damn lies. The latest
comes in an e-mail message, where the originator's identify has been stripped, claiming that
the U.S. House and Senate have voted themselves thousand dollar pay increases for 2010
and social security recipients will not be getting a token cost of living increase. Furthermore,
these false prophets said Medicare is going to $142.80 next year (currently $96.50).
I get so tired of this elder abuse so I checked this out. I went to Factcheck.com and learned
"this claim is so far off the mark that it simply beggars belief. The claim is false. The
fact is that Congress voted in March to give itself a zero pay raise in 2010. The
language is in Public Law 111-8, the Omnibus Appropriation Act for the current fiscal
year, which was signed March 11. Tucked away at the very end of the 466-page
spending bill is the following language:

"It says quite simply that the automatic cost-of-living increase that might have gone
into effect for members of the House and Senate in January "shall not take effect."
As to Medicare, I got a notice last week about my social security benefits for 2010 and it
does not show any increase in Medicare costs for either my wife or myself.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat1:52 PM



Sunday, December 20

I am off Twizzlers forever



I am thinking I should stay away from red licorice in the evening. Last night I had dinner in
the Franke Bistro with a neighbor and her grand-daughter. It was a pleasant event as the
grand lived in Geneva, New York, where I spent 1951-1953 while I was stationed at
Sampson AFB. Later I watched the Dallas-New Orleans game and came away grateful that
I am not into sports betting as I would have lost my shirt. Who thought Dallas, with several
recent years of meltdowns in December, would beat New Orleans which was trying to go
14-0? During the game I chewed on three strawberry twists (red licorice sticks) and judging
by the dream I had later I wonder if they were laced with LSD or did I pick up a package of
peyote at the local grocers? You know what peyote is? That's what Tonto used to chew at
night when he sat around the campfire drying the Long Ranger's underwear by hanging it
on a stick over the campfire. When Tonto took an early retirement buyout and social
security, he told Johnny Carson that after 30 years of cooking meals and washing the
masked man's underwear he had enough. But I digress. Back to the dream. I was
somewhere about 30 miles North of Charleston with my Lincoln Towncar. Some big bozo in
a leather jacket was driving. I know not why. We were stopped and I was standing outside
the car. A woman friend was there, but she eventually disappeared. A young woman
dressed in yellow and nursing a baby came up to me and asked for a ride to Belvedere
Court in a city where I used to live. I stared at her for a minute and saw she had a big clear
plastic bag tied around her neck and draped over her breasts. It was full of milk and had a
big nipple in the center of it. This is where the baby nursed. I wondered if she had any
breasts but she and my lady friend told me this was the new age. Mothers pumped milk
from their breasts and stored it in a bag so the baby could be nursed on its schedule without
inconveniencing mom. I asked: "Where is this baby's father?" "He is in Iraq." "What is he
doing there?" "He is in the army." "Ours or theirs?" I will pay you for the ride she said, and I
said get in the car. I opened the back door and my oldest daughter was sitting there not
saying a word. About this time my woman friend disappeared and a heavy set young lady
showed up in the dream. She also wanted a ride. The car is big but this strange and large
guy was under the wheel and I was taking the up front passenger seat. There is not a lot of
room left I said. The heavy set girl started to cry so I told her to go around the other side
and get in the back. So there we were going down the road. We were getting low on gas but
I said we had enough. The next thing I woke up on a bed in the room I slept in as a young
boy. The bozo was on the bed next to me sleeping. I don't know where my daughter, the
nursing mother, the child, and the fat young lady were. The bozo woke up, embraced me
and wanted to give me some investing advice; he was against a couple of Charleston
investments I was considering. I shoved him away and told him to get off the bed. Then the
early morning light was coming through the wooden venetian blinds in my room. That's
when I decided no more Twizzlers (red licorice) in the evening.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat8:27 AM

Thursday, December 17

Thanks for your prayers

Last night I had a discussion with The Big Guy. He came to me as I was dropping off to
sleep and he sure was crabby. He called me a schmuck and asked, “What’s the matter with
you?” And he didn’t give me a chance to respond before he continued. “All day long I’ve
been bombarded with prayers, incantations, begging, beseeching, pestering, and soliciting -
all up and down the east coast from Florida to New Hampshire and Massachusetts. I even
heard from your sister in California. Some people in Northern Virginia took time away from
their national security work to put in a good word for you. And then it picked up in Myrtle
Beach and Mt. Pleasant. Mt. Pleasant alone was enough to cause a near meltdown in the
heavenly computer center. All kinds of people who live near you, a lot of women and some
men, children, black and white, all on my case on your behalf. Active and retired Lutheran
ministers (and by the way I had you in the Roman Catholic catalog) got into it. Around noon
Matthew came to see me. He was acting for Luke who is off in Brussels with those Microsoft
people celebrating the European Union dropping the browser monopoly charges that have
been on the front burner for a couple of years. I put Luke in charge of information
technology because he is the best educated of the apostles. He was a doctor and historian,
as I hope you remember from your bible study classes. You schmuck. At first I thought it
was those other schmucks at Notre dame looking for a coach who could win ten games a
year, five years running. I told Matthew I sent them a good Catholic coach from
Massachusetts with a sterling record. Then he told me it was you. I was having a latte with
Mary Magdalene and we were reminiscing over old times, especially that last supper where
she was beside me on my right side at the table. Didn’t I put you and your health problems
in one of the best hospitals in the eastern half of the United States? And didn’t I give you a
world class surgeon? And then you still have all these people bothering me at the busiest
time of the year. Matthew told me that if the pressure did not subside the system would
overload and fail. He said that millions of children would not be able to get through with their
requests for Christmas. Dreams of toys, dogs and jobs for dad would not be received. We
put in a call to Luke and asked him for a recommendation. He said originally the surgeon
was going to keep you overnight in the hospital because you got a pacemaker in October
and he wanted to keep an eye on you. Luke said this was unnecessary, that your heart was
in good shape and we should suggest to the surgeon that he send you home a couple of
hours after the surgery. Luke stressed that we should only make this as a suggestion
because doctors like to be in charge. Your Guardian Angel told me two of that brood of
children you have were on hand to take you home and you would not have to walk from
Charleston to Mt. Pleasant, so we planted the ‘send him home’ seed. Unless it is a real
emergency I don’t want to hear from you again before Christmas, unless you want to send a
“thank you” - that is always in order.”
(This is from my blog at http://archibaldinsc.blogspot.com)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat8:54 AM



Saturday, December 12

How Warren Buffett helped me earn a dollar

About a month ago I turned on my computer early one morning and brought up the
Scottrade ticker showing my stock interests. One of my stocks, Burlington Northern railroad,
showed a pre-market price $20 higher than the closing a day earlier. (I had a few shores of
this because Warren Buffett held a lot of shares). The higher price was a computer glitch,
surely, and planned to call the brokerage firm but it was early so I did a news check. To my
surprise, Warren Buffett had announced during the night he would buy all of BN that he
didn't already own and the stock jumped like it was on steroids. I never had a stock jump
$20 in one day. I sold it pre-market, took my profit and said a silent prayer of thanks to the
Sage of Omaha. All of this only heightened the interest I had in a lengthy Wall Street
Journal story today about Mr. Buffett. Mr. Buffett said, among other things, that in this past
year of investing dangerously he had looked "into the abyss," and some of the best
decisions he made were deals he didn't do. The small investor (and I am minuscule dabbler:
i.e. smaller than small) can't touch a share of Mr. Buffett's stock ($99,000 per share for
Class A and $3300 a share Class B) but you can look at him from time to time and smile
when he does something that puts money in your pocket.
(This is from my blog available here.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat10:21 AM



Tuesday, December 8

Roper ER

December 8, 2009

Administrator
Roper Hospital
316 Calhoun Street
Charleston SC 29401

Dear Sir:

I need to tell you about two of your nurses in the ER, Tiffen and Ashley, who worked as a
team yesterday, December 7, 2009. From the moment I reached the ER by ambulance
around noon-time I was given first-class treatment by everyone concerned, including Dr.
Clarkson, who was as fine a caring doctor as I could hope for. He was not a man in a hurry
to the next case. I was his case.

Tiffen and Ashley worked over and on me until after seven in the evening on a painful (not
to be helped) and ugly necessary procedure. They never once complained and throughout
were solicitous of my well-being. They were highly professional in every sense of the word,
and exhibited such personal compassion and empathy toward me that I came home
thanking God I had met them. Believe me they are the best ambassadors for Roper and I
hope everyone there appreciates what they bring to the table of medicine in your ER. If you
need an endorsement of the staff of your ER, I am your man.

Please convey my heartfelt thanks and appreciation to everyone in the ER and especially
Dr. Clarkson, Tiffen and Ashley.

Sincerely,

Francis X. Archibald
(This is from my blog (htto://archibaldinsc.blogspot.com)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat10:16 AM



Thursday, December 3

What are we becoming?



It is not enough that we can have pet food delivered to our front door but now we can send
postcards from our iPhone and what's even more ridiculous is we can do for free. And if that
is not enough my doorbell rings when my coffee maker is finished brewing my morning cup!
(LOL).
What has happened to the colossus I grew up in. We went about our business growing
peacefully and getting better and stronger all the time. When some SOBs attacked us we
went to war and made things right in the world. There was a time when a young President
said we will go to the moon in this decade and we did it.
Now look at us. We are sending more of our finest men and women off to fight in a country
that is two centuries behind the rest of the world in human progress. They are chasing an
enemy that is hard to find and even harder to kill. We are dithering in the congress over
providing health care to almost all our citizens because some elected congressmen and
senators are more afraid of the health care industry than the voters. We refuse to accept
that the earth is warming, the icebergs are melting and alternative (to oil) sources of energy
are in the best interests of all Americans and this country. We've got a congress that is so
entrenched in all its trappings of comfort that we can't get past party lines and come
together for the common good. I have never been in favor of term limits but when I look
around at the dithering and procrastination in congress (and in state legislatures) I am
coming around to one six year term for senators and one four year term for representatives.
No re-elections to worry about, no need to curry favor to raise campaign money, no need to
be beholden to the greed of the greediest. I am p....d o...
Damn, postcards from telephones! God almighty, what's next?

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat7:56 AM



Saturday, October 24

Buying from a catalog
Sometime in my youth I probably ordered a bumper sticker for my tricycle and it seems that
since then I have been on the mailing list of every English language catalog publisher in the
Western World - well at least in America.
And it pays to look and hesitate (procrastinate might be a better word) before ordering.
Couple of cases at point:
The National Geographic catalog offers the Irish Donegal Tweed Cap for $62.00;
Hammacher Schlemmer offers the identical cap for $49.95.
Hammacher Schlemmer offers 120 CD selector box that stores your CD and DVDs along
with an index where you can make a choice and the desired CD or DVD pops up into your
hand. Price: $149.95. You can get the identical product from the Herrington catalog for
$89.95.
If you are in the market for a "learn to play Illuminated Fret Electric Guitar" you can get one
of those for a $499.95 or for $179.95 you can order a "learn to play Violin and DVD of
instructions."
There is no limit to the range of goods offered in these catalogs. Right now I am looking at
the Vermont Country Store and a Large Brandy Plum Pudding. I will keep my readers
informed.
(The foregoing is an e-mail version of a blog entry made this day. Click on the link for the
complete blog.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat1:17 PM
Saturday, October 10

Praise for our daughter
Dear Mary and Archie
Had it not been for Martha, I don't know how our family would have coped with our loss of
Steve in July.
Not only was she naturally professional in her duties, but she extended such a warm and
personal touch that I wanted you to know how much we appreciate your lovely daughter!
It takes a very special person to do the job Martha handles so well, and I know you are all
very proud of her!! We are!!
Rita Lucas
(Proud father's note: Martha is our fourth child and first daughter. She has been in the
funeral business for 20 years and is currently Manager at Stuhr's Chapel on Greenridge
Road, North Charleston.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat3:43 PM



Saturday, October 3

Let him out
I told a friend who has mental impairment and lives in a nursing home that I had gone to the
Piggly Wiggly to get a flu shot. He responded, "Piggly Wiggly for a flu shot, I guess you'll go
to the hospital to get your groceries."

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:34 AM



Thursday, October 1

Good decision in a post 9/11 World
New York Federal Judge Denies Request For CIA Secret Documents
By Carolyn Weaver - Voice of America
New York
01 October 2009

A U.S. federal judge has ruled that hundreds of documents detailing the Central Intelligence
Agency's now-shuttered overseas secret detention program of suspected terrorists,
including extreme interrogation methods, may be kept secret.

U.S. District Judge Alvin K. Hellerstein on Wednesday refused to release documents
describing Central Intelligence Agency terror interrogations, and the names of detainees or
CIA contractors involved in the secret rendition program. He said he would defer to the
CIA's judgment on the need to keep the papers secret in order to protect intelligence
methods and sources.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat6:57 PM



Wednesday, September 30

Boston - Home of the bean and the cod

Had a busy weekend. Traveled to Northern Virginia and visited with two of my sons, went
on to Boston with my second son where we met my sister and her friend and toured
Fenway Park, ate a great dinner (real New England clam chowder, baked scrod and baked
Alaska for desert) at Anthony’s Pier 4 and sat in Section 26 at Fenway as the Red Sox
battled the Toronto Blue Jays on Monday night. Tuesday, we returned to Boston from North
Chelmsford, where we spent the night at my sister’s home, normally a 40 minute drive even
in morning traffic. It took 90 minutes to complete the trip on a grid-locked Route 3 and I-93
(cars moved so slow a twit in front of us read the paper and drove simultaneously). At
Logan Airport my son and I jumped out of the car, I handed my bag to an airline
representative, dashed to and sweated through Homeland Security screening and ran to the
gate with my shoes untied. We arrived just as they were about to close the door. We
boarded the plane, took our seats, looked across the aisle at each other and laughed. Great
adventure!
A collection of my pictures may be found at Fenway Park (Click on link.)

I also updated progress on the Woodside Apartment project at Franke at Seaside with some
recent photos. (Click on link.)

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat9:21 PM



Thursday, September 10

A great lunch, hot and delicions

I enjoyed a simple but yet great lunch here yesterday. It was so enjoyable I want to give
them a plug. The lunch was on the menu as a weekly special and it was that and more:
Fried chicken bites, French fries and a drink. When served, the food was so hot it practically
burned my fingers to pick up a piece and I had to wait a few minutes for the food to cool. It
is unusual to get food this hot in essentially a sandwich shop. The taste was outstanding.
There are eight locations for Ye Ole Fashioned Ice Cream & Sandwich Cafe in the
greater Charleston (SC) area and this one is in Mount Pleasant at 1502 N Highway 17 (near
the I-526 junction.)
Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat12:55 PM



Tuesday, September 1

The start of World War II - A Memoir
Seventy years ago today, September 1, 1939, I was one month short of my eighth birthday.
I was living with my family - father, mother, two sisters and two brothers - in a rented second
story flat in a tenement house in the Lower Highlands section of Lowell, an old textile mill
city about 25 miles from Boston.
The three-story tenement house had six flats in it. Today, fashionably, we would call it an
apartment house with six apartments. If we owned instead of renting it might be called a
condo. But in 1939 they were cold water flats and weekly rent was paid every Saturday
night to the owner who never missed a collection day, rain or shine, sleet or snow. He was
more reliable than the mailman. Three flats in the front of the house received the morning
sun and the three back flats afforded their tenants a view in the late afternoon and early
evening of the setting sun.
On a clear, warm September morning I was on the second floor back porch playing by
myself like children sometimes do. The porch was square. On one side was the wall of the
house and the kitchen door. To the right of this, at the edge of the porch, was a railing and
to which our rotary clothes line was fastened. It was one of those iron and rope jobs and
had four sides to it. Each side held five lines and these were inverted so that the shortest
line was on the bottom and the longest on the top. The clothes line could be turned on its
vertical axis by my mother as she hung out the wet clothes. When she had clothes on all
four sides she used an attached long iron rod to push the clothes line frame out into the air
and the sun. She hooked the end of the rod into an eye-bolt screwed into the railing so it
held the clothes line away from the side of the railing and the house. Sometimes when it
was windy the four-sided clothes line twirled around. This expedited the drying. When the
drying was done she used this same metal rod to pull the clothes line close to the railing
where she could lean over, reach out and take down the laundry. This side of the porch
formed a right angle at the corner where it joined the far side of the porch. The railing
continued along this far side and kept anyone from falling over the edge. The fourth (and
last) side had a staircase leading up to the third floor and down to the first floor. I had
draped a small rug over the railings where they formed a right angle and made a young
boy’s version of a tent. I had some soldiers for toys and played there while my mother hung
out the laundry.
The door bell rang and my mother put down her laundry and walked to the front door. She
left the kitchen door open when she went into the house and I watched her walk through the
kitchen, past the dining room on the left of the hallway and the living room on the right and
then on by the three bedrooms on the left. At the end of the hall was the front door which
opened into a three-storied hallway that gave each tenant access to the front stairs and the
outside world. She talked for a few minutes with a man. I could hear their voices but could
not make out the words. She thanked the man and closed the door and walked up the
hallway to the porch. When she got to the porch she bent and picked some wet laundry out
of the basket and resumed hanging it on the clothes line. I asked her what the man wanted
and who he was. She said to me, without any emotion that I can recall, he told her a war
had started in Europe and it was going to be terrible times again in Europe. My mother and
the man were probably of the same generation and had been young teenagers during the
First World War and now a second war had started and was likely to spread. I asked my
mother if the war would come to Lowell, I had no idea of how far away Europe was, and she
said she didn’t think so. With that I went back to my playing and my mother continued to
hang out our laundry. Hitler had invaded Poland.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat9:41 PM



Sunday, August 30

The third apartment house at Franke at Seaside had its roof sheathed this
week and some of this hard work under a hot South Carolina sun may be
seen in these pictures: (click on link) and choose "Slideshow."


Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat10:52 AM



Wednesday, August 26

Senator Edward Kennedy dies; he fought to make America fair, equal and just
For almost fifty years Senator Edward Kennedy carried the torch for Americans
who needed it the most. He never lost his enthusiasm, his optimism, his core
belief that America's best days always laid ahead. He was the premier Senator
of the last half of the last century. He died today, August 26, 2009.

He was a rich man's son who carried the torch for those less fortunate. He
never had to work for a laborer's salary but he fought always for those who did.
Until late in life, he was generally healthy and robust, and he relentlessly found
time and energy to work hardest for those who were sick and who depended on
government assistance. He had a top-notch education himself and yet he fought
to assure that "no child would be left behind" in this great nation.

Any domestic legislation in the last fifty years that benefits all Americans bears
his imprint somewhere in the details. Americans owe "Teddy" a huge debt that
can be repaid if we work together and remember his words at the 1980
Democratic convention: “For all those whose cares have been our concern, the
work goes on, the cause endures, the hope still lives, and the dream shall never die.”


We will miss you Teddy. God Bless you throughout eternity.

Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat1:03 PM



Saturday, August 15

Working our way through summer

The heat and humidity in the Charleston, SC, area have been typical of
August in this part of the country. Oppressive and stifling. Work is
progressing on the third apartment building at Franke at Seaside despite the
heat. On a recent trip to Charlotte, NC, I took this picture of a solar powered
combination telephone and parking meter. First one I've seen. Interestingly
enough, last night on a segment of This Old House, I watched the
installation of a small solar powered water fall in a garden. One of the
drawbacks is that on a cloudy day (s) the water fall won't work. The industry,
however, is studying how to incorporate a battery in these solar powered
garden additions at a reasonable cost. I had a pond and a waterfall at an
earlier home (see photo) and ran the waterfall pump on electric power. This
was an added expense to install the power line close to the pond and, of
course, to run it 24/7. Solar power is the way I would go in the future. (Click
on photos to see large image.)
Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat11:32 AM



Monday, August 10

Julie & Julia - Five Stars

This is my first five-star film rating. I don't have any standing in the world to give movie
ratings but in my own little corner of this world I am bestowing  *****   rating on this
wonderful film which depicts events in the life of Julia Child and Julie Powell, a young
woman who sets out to cook all 524 recipes in Child's cookbook - Mastering the Art of
French Cooking (now in its 49th reprinting) and write a blog about the whole darn
experience. And, to do it all in one year.

Meryl Streep is the dot above the "i" in this this wonderful, laughing, tear-jerking at times
comedy film. She has Julia Child dead-on center.

Amy Adams plays Julie Powell, a Queens housewife living in 900 square feet above a Pizza
Parlor and cooking her way through Child's culinary masterpiece (when she isn't problem
solving in a government cubicle in Manhattan).
Writer and director Nora Ephron interspersed joyful events in Child's life with Powell's trials
and tribulations, successes and failures, joys and triumphs. It is a masterful blending of the
past and the Internet age. If it were food it could take it's place in Child's cookbook. It really
is that good.

If you only see one more film this year, make it this one.


Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat6:26 PM



Thursday, July 23

Second story work in progress

Erection of the second residential floor (click on link for a slideshow of project
photos) in the third apartment house at Franke at Seaside, Mt. Pleasant, SC,
is underway. Pre-fabricated wall stud panels are being put in place and brick
masons are working on the ground level. Utility work is also ongoing in the
ground level garage area. The project is scheduled to be completed in mid-
2010.
Posted byFrancis X. Archibaldat5:19 PM

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 Profile photos

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2013 Boat ride

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2013 Joyce's yard

6 photos, 4/5/13




Wedding 2013

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2013 Poker party preparations

6 photos, 2/17/13
2013 Palmetto Island County Park

10 photos, 2/15/13




2013 Moss Creek

15 photos, 2/9/13




2013 Hilton Head

15 photos, 1/19/13




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18 photos, 1/12/13




2012 Joyce Green Table

7 photos, 1/6/13




2012 Joyce - Isle of Palms

2 photos, 1/1/13




2012 Christmas Table Joyce

5 photos, 12/26/12
2012 Christmas in Florida

22 photos, 12/24/12




Christmas 2012 Trailside Tree

3 photos, 12/15/12




Christmas 2012 Myrtle Beach

7 photos, 12/8/12




Christmas 2012 in Trailside

5 photos, 12/7/12
Paris 2012

321 photos, 11/19/12




Barbara Smythe Birthday

7 photos, 10/30/12




Miniatur Wunderland

43 photos, 9/16/12




Hamburg, Germany Sept 2012

45 photos, 9/16/12
Den Haag, Netherlands Sept 2012

8 photos, 9/15/12




Normandy Sept 2012

60 photos, 9/13/12




Windsor Castle

12 photos, 9/12/12




MI 6 & MI 5 HQs
11 photos, 9/10/12




London Eye

10 photos, 9/10/12




London Visit Sept 2012

66 photos, 9/9/12




Frank's Visit July 2012

3 photos, 7/5/12
Trailside 5th Anniversary Party

13 photos, 6/24/12




Maine Reunion 2012

18 photos, 6/12/12




Mt Pleasant Waterfront Park

11 photos, 5/15/12




Tour with Friends

10 photos, 4/16/12
Photos from Ravenel Bridge

26 photos, 4/1/12




Shem Creek Park March 2012

27 photos, 3/17/12




Oscar Party Feb 2012

5 photos, 2/25/12




Kite flying at Isle of Palms

8 photos, 11/27/11
Shem Creek Park, Mt. Pleasant SC

51 photos, 10/18/11




Fontana Dam

5 photos, 10/6/11




Moonshine Tasting

10 photos, 10/5/11




Tram Ride
17 photos, 10/5/11




Dollywood

30 photos, 10/4/11




Great Smokies Cabin

18 photos, 10/3/11




Fire Museum

18 photos, 10/1/11
Reflections Sept 2011

21 photos, 9/6/11




Nancey's Mirrors

7 photos, 9/6/11




Garage Repaired

9 photos, 9/6/11




Anniversary Flowers 2011

8 photos, 8/29/11
Blinds in sunroom

4 photos, 8/20/11




Garage Door

7 photos, 8/15/11




McClellanville July 2011

7 photos, 7/17/11




Mt. Pleasant Waterfront Park July 2011

14 photos, 7/16/11
Charleston Walkabout July 10 2011

17 photos, 7/10/11




Franke 4th of July 2011

8 photos, 7/4/11




Pond around Franke June 2011

10 photos, 7/3/11




Scrapbook photos
4 photos, 6/21/11




Copenhagen 2011_06_06

17 photos, 6/6/11




Copenhagen 2011_06_05

25 photos, 6/5/11




Odense 2011_06_04

19 photos, 6/4/11
Copenhagen (Carlings Brewery) 2011_06_03

7 photos, 6/3/11




Stockholm 2011_06_01

29 photos, 6/1/11




Stockholm 2011_05_31

9 photos, 5/31/11




Stockholm (Vasa) 2011_05_30

24 photos, 5/30/11
Stockholm (Saltsjobaden) 2011_05_28

50 photos, 5/28/11




Sttockholm (Saltsjabaden) 2011_05_27

4 photos, 5/27/11




Helsinki 2011_05_26

11 photos, 5/26/11




Helsinki 2011_05_25

10 photos, 5/25/11
Helsinki 2011_05_24

4 photos, 5/24/11




Helsinki 2011_05_23

10 photos, 5/23/11




Bergen 2011_05_21

15 photos, 5/21/11




Bergen 2011_05_20
82 photos, 5/20/11




Bergen 2011_05_19

28 photos, 5/19/11




Bergen 2011_05_18

6 photos, 5/18/11




Oslo 2011_05_17

27 photos, 5/17/11
Oslo 2011_05_16

9 photos, 5/16/11




Oslo 2011_05_15

17 photos, 5/15/11




Oslo 2011_05_14

6 photos, 5/14/11




Copenhagen 2011_05_13

28 photos, 5/13/11
Copenhagen 2011_05_12

38 photos, 5/12/11




Copenhagen 2011_05_11

17 photos, 5/11/11




Washington DC 2011_05_10

2 photos, 5/10/11




Antique Car Show = Franke at Seaside

20 photos, 5/7/11
Basil April 2011

2 photos, 4/27/11




Mail delivery in the rain

7 photos, 3/30/11




Charleston Waterfront

31 photos, 3/27/11




Balance Class
8 photos, 3/22/11




James' Visit March 2011

7 photos, 3/19/11




St. Patrick's Day March 17, 2011

4 photos, 3/15/11




Turtles and Geese at Seaside

14 photos, 3/14/11
Palmetto Island Park

22 photos, 3/6/11




Tortoise on the move

5 photos, 3/1/11




Tai-Chi out of doors at Franke - Feb 21, 2011

2 photos, 2/21/11




Fountain at Franke

39 photos, 2/18/11
Hugh Clements Visit

6 photos, 2/10/11




Railroading

11 photos, 2/5/11




Walking around Seaside Farms

12 photos, 2/1/11




First beach scenes of 2011

9 photos, 1/29/11
Home Show Charleston

3 photos, 1/28/11




Hawk under car in Trailside garage

5 photos, 1/27/11




Diseased trees ar Franke, Christmas stockings in my apartment

9 photos, 12/3/10




James flying lessons
9 photos, 11/27/10




The National Harbor

5 photos, 11/26/10




Thanksgiving Day

5 photos, 11/25/10




Basil's Mt. Pleasant Location, Seaside Farms

14 photos, 11/20/10
Louise Trotter Harpist

8 photos, 11/10/10




Halloween 2010

31 photos, 10/29/10




Mary's Birthday 2010

4 photos, 10/13/10




Nancey's Party

10 photos, 8/20/10
Nancey Pillowcases

22 photos, 8/14/10




Harwich Port July 2010

90 photos, 7/23/10




Archibalds July 2010

3 photos, 7/22/10




July 4, 2010

31 photos, 7/4/10
Waterfront Park, Mt. Pleasant SC

13 photos, 7/2/10




Beach Scenes Isle of Palms SC (10)

6 photos, 6/19/10




Charleston Tea Garden

16 photos, 6/14/10




Nancey's Garden April 2010
25 photos, 4/26/10




Woodside Progress Mar 31, 2010 (28)

2 photos, 3/30/10




Woodside Progress March 10, 2010 (27)

15 photos, 3/10/10




Waterfront Park - Mt Pleasant SC March 9, 2010

10 photos, 3/9/10
Rita visits Wando terminal

31 photos, 2/25/10




Cleaning the refrigerator

10 photos, 2/24/10




Mt Pleasant Marsh Walk

36 photos, 2/20/10




2010 Sullivan's Island Bridge

30 photos, 2/5/10
2010 Beach scenes stormy weather (9)

24 photos, 2/5/10




Florida-Universal

35 photos, 1/30/10




Florida-Disney

75 photos, 1/29/10




Trowbridge

12 photos, 1/29/10
2010 Winter at Franke

6 photos, 1/10/10




Windows Live Writer Odd pictures

10 photos, 1/4/10




Drop Box

22 photos, 12/29/09




Woodside Progress Oct 19, 2009 (26)
10 photos, 10/19/09




Goodale Award

6 photos, 10/13/09




Franke Affair October 2009

22 photos, 10/4/09




Fenway Park Tour Sept 2009

28 photos, 9/28/09
Woodside Progress Sept 21, 2009

11 photos, 9/21/09




Naval Base Waterfront Park

8 photos, 9/13/09




Woodside Bldg progress 090909

18 photos, 9/12/09




Nancey's Boat

15 photos, 9/11/09
Ravenel Bridge and Waterfront Park Mt Pleasant SC

27 photos, 9/11/09




Ye Olde Ice Cream Shoppe

2 photos, 9/9/09




Woodside Bldg Progress Sept 10 2009 (23)

29 photos, 9/2/09




Woodside Progress August 29 2009 (22)

18 photos, 8/28/09
Woodside Bldg. Progress August 25 2009 (21)

33 photos, 8/25/09




James and Lisbeth Visit August 2009

6 photos, 8/22/09




Woodside Bldg Progress Aug 12, 2009 (20) 3rd Floor.

32 photos, 8/12/09




Entertainers Past and Present
22 photos, 8/11/09




Charlotte August 2009

23 photos, 8/7/09




People-Emotions Aug 2009

40 photos, 7/26/09




Woodside Bldg. Progress July 25 2009 (19) 2nd Floor.

13 photos, 7/25/09
Woodside Bldg Progress Jul 23 2009 (18)

14 photos, 7/23/09




Hogan's Corner

10 photos, 7/19/09




Woodside Bldg. Progress July 19, 2009 (17)

9 photos, 7/19/09




Woodside Bldg. Progress, July 11, 2009 (16)

37 photos, 7/10/09
Waterfront Park

14 photos, 7/5/09




Woodside Bldg Progress July 5, 2009 (15)

30 photos, 7/5/09




Carney 2009

40 photos, 6/27/09




Ducks Around Franke

7 photos, 6/22/09
Woodside Bldg. Progress June 21 2009 (14)

29 photos, 6/21/09




Beach Scenes July 2009 (8)

3 photos, 6/20/09




Franke Fence

3 photos, 6/18/09




Natakisa Walker Shower
7 photos, 6/18/09




Mallards at Franke

8 photos, 6/14/09




Q-Tip 1st Birthday 2009

9 photos, 6/12/09




Beach Scenes June 2009 (7)

17 photos, 6/1/09
Woodside Bldg. Progress June 8 2009 (13)

23 photos, 6/1/09




Beach Scenes May 27, 29 2009 (6)

22 photos, 5/27/09




Woodside Bldg Progress May 27 2009 (12)

29 photos, 5/25/09




Beach Scenes May 14 and 21, 2009 (5)

15 photos, 5/14/09
Woodside Bldg Progress May 14 2009 (11)

16 photos, 5/13/09




Misc May 2009

14 photos, 5/1/09




Woodside Bldg Progress May 1 2009 (10)

16 photos, 4/27/09




Franke People

5 photos, 4/24/09
Safety absent

5 photos, 4/24/09




Woodside Bldg. Progress Apr 25 2009 (9)

5 photos, 4/24/09




Beach Scenes @ Isle of Palms (2)

13 photos, 4/22/09




Woodside Bldg. Progress April 22 2009 (8)
6 photos, 4/22/09




Photo Club

46 photos, 4/16/09




Woodside Bldg Progress April 10 2009 (7)

13 photos, 4/8/09




Woodside Building Progress April 2009 (6)

4 photos, 3/30/09
Woodside Building Progress Mar 27, 2009 (5)

12 photos, 3/26/09




Misc March 2009

10 photos, 3/26/09




Washington Buildings, Memorials

38 photos, 3/25/09




Woodside Building progress March 2009 (4)

11 photos, 3/24/09
Woodside Building (3)

18 photos, 3/15/09




Beach Scenes (1)

38 photos, 2/9/09




Franke at Seaside & Neighborhood (2)

34 photos, 2/9/09




Woodside Building (2)

52 photos, 2/9/09
Christmas at Franke_2008

17 photos, 12/23/08




Collages

1 photo, 12/23/08




Gingerbread House at Franke at Seaside, Christmas 2008.

14 photos, 12/14/08




Woodside Bldg. Initial Phase (1)
4 photos, 12/3/08




Obama Shirt

4 photos, 11/7/08




Halloween Party 2008

51 photos, 11/1/08




2008 Archibald Family Reunion

17 photos, 10/14/08
Franke Affair Oct. 2, 2008

21 photos, 10/4/08




1st Floor Party

8 photos, 9/21/08




Family Reunion Sept 2008

6 photos, 9/20/08




Georgetown Trip

44 photos, 6/26/08
Franke at Seaside and Neighborhood (1)

51 photos, 6/24/08




Bridge Walk 05142008

25 photos, 5/14/08




Blogger Pictures

14 photos, 4/13/08




Clinton LIbrary Trip Oct 2006

88 photos, 10/18/06
Gibbes Art Gallery

11 photos, 8/10/06




Pond in Yard

10 photos, 7/8/06




Family Reunion, May 2006

40 photos, 5/21/06




SE Asia Jan-Feb 2005
 57 photos, 2/11/05




 WWII Memorial

 17 photos, 7/18/04




 South Africa FXA&MCA 2003

 166 photos, 2/20/03


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                         Francis X Archibald - A Life in South Carolina

              Blog A South Carolinian on issues great and small
Background

North to Alaska

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This is the beginning of my website. Some shown links may not be available as it is in
transition. Click on Blog or Background to see updated pages. Come back soon.

http://www.archibald99.com/




                     Background

                                   Early Years - Keith Academy
           Serious life work began in United States Air For
   This essay appears in the "Association of Former OSI USAF Special Agen
             Publishing Co., Paducah, Kentucky, 2000 (Updated June 2008




FRANCIS X. ARCHIBALD joined the USAF 11 days after President Truma
MacArthur in April 1951, and while the Korean War was raging. Two years
transferred to HQ Office of Special Investigations in Washington and assign
administrative support in the Sabotage & Espionage Branch, Counterintellig
completed the Special Agents Course at the Special Investigations School i
1953, and went on special assignment for the HQ Counterintelligence Div.
then unique vulnerability survey.

In March 1954 Archibald was assigned to Special Cases Branch at Dist. Off
AFB, and was a control agent for background investigations on prospective
personnel and key Air Force and DOD appointees. In 1955 he transferred t
Charleston (SC) AFB Det. of Dist. Office 6 and worked personnel, criminal
counterintelligence cases. Archibald went to the Northeast Air Command in
was on the ground at Sonderstrom AFB in Greenland to provide counterint
security liaison services when elements of the Strategic Air Command were
positioned there during the Hungarian uprising and Suez Canal crises in Oc

Special Agent Archibald returned to Washington in 1957 and at Dist. Office
assigned liaison duties with the House Committee on Un-American Activitie
Security and Central Intelligence Agency.

He was honorably discharged in 1959 and began a 20-year security manag
with the U.S. Navy. He was the first security administrator at the Naval We
and Polaris Missile Facility in Charleston, SC, in 1960 when the earliest Pola
submarine, the USS George Washington, departed for its first armed patro
Archibald was appointed the first civilian security officer in the Naval Suppl
Command and was the architect of that command’s security group. He also
chief, Internal Security, Counterintelligence Div., Defense Attaché Office, S
1973.

Archibald retired from federal service in 1979 and subsequently won electio
South Carolina Legislature for three terms. He completed his public service
manager in the state’s Dept. of Corrections.

Archibald has earned degrees from Charleston Southern University (BS-cum
political science and criminal justice) and Webster University (Master of Art
International Relations.)

Archibald lives with his wife, Mary, also a veteran of USAF OSI service, in M
SC. He was an occasional book reviewer for The State, Columbia, SC. (See
Reviews) He also authored a weekly newspaper column which appeared pe
from 1960 to 2001 in The Hanahan, Goose Creek and North Charleston Ne
Columns) and has contributed articles intermittently during the same perio
Articles).

                               Continue with Reflections below.




                      Reflections
These remarks originally appeared in The Hanahan, Goose
Creek and North Charleston News, April 15, 2001 (Revised
                      June 2008)

When I looked at the calendar last week (April 11) it was
50 years since President Truman fired General MacArthur,
and I went to the recruiting office. “I heard you have a
vacancy,” I said.

“Yeah, and we fill from the bottom up. Sign here recruit.”

When I joined the Air Force 50 years ago I had never been
South of Pennsylvania and only in that state once. I had a
driver’s license but never owned a car. I had a girl friend
but not a wife.

The Korean War was on and a lot of young men like me
were signing up. Many of us graduated from high school in
1949 or 1950 and had gone to work, hoping to save some
money to go to college. We were young, and we had no
experience to guide us along the way.

I did basic training and then stayed in the Air Training
Command waiting for a slot to open in some technical
school. One thing led to another and I was the legal clerk
in an Air Base Group. About two years after I joined I was
in Washington as the chief clerk in the Sabotage and
Espionage Branch in the Air Force Office of Special
Investigations.

I read reports every day about interesting things and
thought, “Hell, I can do this work.” By September I was in
the agent training school and by Christmas was a Special
Agent, OSI.

For six years I worked in various places on a variety of
personnel, criminal and counterintelligence cases. It was
all very exciting and interesting, but the times and my
personal situation changed. I married a South Carolina
girl, we had two boys and there had to be some work that
paid more money than the Air Force.

We came to Charleston and as they say, “the rest is
history.” It all fell into place. My work in the Air Force
provided a foundation for me to earn a civilian living for
the next twenty years in security management work with
the United States Navy, principally in Charleston. The local
area offered the opportunity to go to college at night and
on weekends and earn two degrees.
                   Just pausing to look back even briefly I wonder where the
                   years went. Trite as it sounds, it does seem like only
                   yesterday when I left Lowell, Massachusetts, a raw recruit.
                   I have enjoyed several careers: military, civil service,
                   elected office, writer, and college faculty. Mary and I have
                   five children and five grandchildren.

                   Since I joined the service more than 50 years ago our
                   nation has experienced the most tumultuous half-century
                   in all of history. It’s been a great 50+ years, some strife,
                   and a little worry here and there, but on reflection, I would
                   do them all over again in a heartbeat.


http://www.archibald99.com/background




                                    North to Alaska
                                The Journey of Francis and
                                      Mary Archibald
                               June 22, 1997 - Day 1 Starting mileage on the
                               Lincoln Town Car: 39,508.

                               Started our journey on US highway 52 out of
                               Hanahan, South Carolina to avoid the immediate
                               blandness of the Interstate Highway system we have
                               traveled so often. Saw some beautiful Mimosa trees
                               between Darlington and Cheraw, SC. Went through
                               North Carolina near Mt. Airy where there was a big
                               open-air flea market on the border with Virginia.
                               Thought we ought to return here one day with our
                               pickup truck. Cut across the Western tip of Virginia
into West Virginia and stayed overnight in Charleston,
West Virginia. We went through two long mountain
tunnels. Made 462 miles today.

June 23, 1997 - Day 2

Visited a glass factory in Fenton, West Virginia, and
enjoyed seeing the working furnaces, glass blowing
and production lines. We saw similar places in Ireland
a couple of years ago but this one was larger than
those. Sent a small gift to Mom. Moved on to the
National League Football Hall of Fame in Canton,
Ohio, and enjoyed our visit there. One of the most
interesting aspects are the halls containing the busts,
pictures and records of the men installed in the HoF.
Later we drove to Cleveland and visited the Rock &
Roll Hall of Fame. This is colorful and interesting from
a curiosity view, but we did not relate to many of the
performers. In one of the displays the sixth grade
graduation certificate of the performer was in a
prominent position on the wall. We drove out of
Cleveland along the shore of Lake Erie and saw some
of the most magnificent homes ever built. The power
company in this are is called The Illuminating
Company. Our overnight resting place was Lorraine,
Ohio. Miles traveled: 299.

June 24, 1997 - Day 3

Going through Toledo we stopped to ask directions at
the Fire Department maintenance facility. We were
invited in and saw more fire trucks in one location
than in all of Charleston. Some great pieces of
equipment. One cost over $600,000. We went on to
Detroit and visited the COBO business and
convention center, named after a former mayor of
Detroit. A giant bronze statue of Joe Louis is the
centerpiece in the main lobby. We took the people
mover overhead tram ride and saw several of the
city’s sites. Drove North to Grosse Point Shores,
Michigan, and toured the home of Edsel and Eleanor
Ford. A fine example of how well the rich and
powerful live (d) in America. It is on Lake Michigan.
Many of the rooms were built from materials taken
from English castles. It seems to me the Fords took
more out of England than all the plunderers down
through the ages. The Fords employed a staff of 35,
including a cook to cook for the staff. In the four
rooms devoted to food storage and preparation the
counter tops and tables looked like stainless steel, but
they are silver. The Fords’ butler supervised every
plate before it was taken into the dining room. When
the butler died the Ford family initiated a plan to care
for his widow. On display in the Gate Lodge Garage is
the 1952 Lincoln Town Car, custom-built, owned and
used by Mrs. Edsel Ford from 1953 to 1970. Mrs.
Ford’s criteria was “The car must be tall, plain, black
and devoid of excess chrome. It must be practical and
easy to enter and exit.” Of particular concern to Mrs.
Ford was her ability to enter and exit the car without
disturbing the many large hats which were the style
for ladies of her stature. Only two such cars were
made. The second car, we were told, was made for
the Queen Mother in England. Edsel died of cancer
early in life during World War II. He and Mrs. Ford
were most generous with their wealth in endowing
museums, hospitals, libraries, schools, the arts and
the like. We remained overnight in Port Austin,
Michigan, in some adequate but only second-rate
quarters. A harbinger of things to come, although we
did not know it at the time. Our motel keeper
recommended dinner at The Farm, which was an
excellent choice and we had a fine dinner preceded
by the coldest beer imaginable and an great salad.
Later I walked to the water front and out onto a long
pier from where I observed an old lighthouse about
five miles out in the lake. The lighthouse is no longer
used. Better navigational tools are available. Drove
about 300 miles today.

June 25, 1997 - Day 4

We wanted to go to Green Bay, home of the 1997
World Champion Green Bay Packers, and Mary
suggested cutting across Michigan to take the ferry
from Luddington to Manitowic and save hundreds of
miles. We incorrectly assumed the ferry would run on
a frequent schedule. We were wrong. The morning
ferry had left when we arrived in mid-morning and we
did not want to wait nine hours for the next ferry. We
drove through central Michigan and crossed to the
Upper Michigan peninsula via the Mackinaw City
Bridge. This is the longest suspension bridge in the
world. Across the Straits of Mackinac we visited the
Father Marquette National Memorial, a soothingly
quiet, in-the-woods, site with a magnificent view of the
bridge and Lake Michigan. It is a tribute to this Jesuit
who worked so long and hard with the Indians and
early pioneers. We were able to use our Senior
Citizens National Park pass for admission. Then it
was on to Green Bay. We entered the city on
Lombardi Avenue and my pulse began to quicken.
Soon we saw Lambeau Field, the home of today’s
champions and the site of so many great memories
provided by Bart Starr, Paul Hornung, Jimmy Taylor,
Jerry Kraemer and other legendary Packers. A
Rodestar Motel is in the shadow of the Field and we
booked in there for two nights, getting a very large
room for $40 a night. We went into town to eat at the
“Glory Years” bar and grill. The Glory Years coincided
with the reign of Vince Lombardi who coached the
Packers from 1958 to 1967. The Packers never
finished lower than second, won five NFL
championships (1961 and 1962, and three straight
championships from 1965 through 1967) and won the
first two Super Bowls). The building housing the Glory
Years was built in 1914, and from 1949 to 1963 the
south one-half of the Glory Years was the location of
the corporate offices of the Packers, and Vince
Lombardi’s office. The food was so-so, but the
atmosphere, the pictures and all the Packer
paraphernalia were great.

After eating we went on to Fuzzy Thurston’s bar.
Fuzzy was one of the pulling guards who, along with
Jerry Kraemer, used to lead Paul Hornung and Jimmy
Taylor on the Packer sweep. It was not a terribly
sophisticated play; just a ground gainer that other
teams knew was coming and couldn’t stop. In talking
with the bar girl we got a lead on tickets to some
upcoming Packer games. We drove 702 miles today.

June 26, 1997 - Day 5

Today we toured Lambeau Field and the Packer Hall
of Fame. Our guide was a freshly scrubbed, ebullient,
outgoing young lady raised on Packer lore from her
days in the cradle. She was an outstanding guide and
a pure pleasure to meet and be with. She pointed to
where her grandparents sat during the famous Ice
Bowl game against Dallas in 1967. I correctly
responded to her questions about the South end zone
and she was impressed. She told us tales about John
Madden and his prodigious appetite when he comes
to Green Bay. Madden parks the Madden-mobile
outside the stadium and makes the rounds of the
tailgate parties. Then he goes into the park and “eats
six brats before the game.” The Packer Hall of Fame
is a house of joy for a Packer fan. Nearby is the Don
Hutson training facility which we could not enter. It
houses two indoor football fields and is more than
ninety feet tall so the team can work on their kick and
pass game as well as other aspects. Today it was
announced that Don Hutson, the legendary Packer
pass receiver, had died. Late in the afternoon we
went back to Fuzzy’s and connected with another bar
girl who had the leads on the tickets. I bought four
packages (game tickets, hotel room, dinner, and
breakfast, and transportation to the game) for the
Packers - Buffalo Bills game on Saturday, December
20. I plan to take the boys. I was glad Mary was with
me. I would have hated to try and explain writing a
check to a bar girl for $960. No road driving today.

June 27, 1997 - Day 6

On the way to Minneapolis, Minnesota, to visit the
Mall of America we stopped at a Swedish family
restaurant where the food was a major
disappointment. The mall is actually at Bloomington,
south of Minneapolis and is obviously more for
children than adults. In short, it read better than the
actual experience. They have a roller coaster and
Ferris wheel inside the mall and many other carnival
type amusements. We stayed overnight at the Coates
Hotel in Virginia, MN and we fortunate to get the
room. Motels in the area were packed. The summer
vacation season is in full swing. Miles today: 587.

June 28, 1997 - Day 7

Crossed in Canada at International Falls. There was a
short line of traffic going into Canada but the line to
the United States was more than a mile and half long.
It was here that we designated a special category of
obnoxious, road-hogging, no courtesy, mobile home
traveler: Asshole, and met A1. Little did we know our
list would reach A14 by the end of out trip. We spent
the night in Winnipeg, Manitoba and enjoyed some
sights in that city. We went to Mass at St. Mary’s
church. No one could understand the priest who
mumbled his way through the service. He complained
that something had been stolen from the church and
on the way out Mary asked a local," What did he
said.” The lady raised her eyes to heaven, shrugged
and said, “Who knows.” On the street I watched as a
man parked his beautiful old car, an Excalibur. I think
it dates back to the thirties. Mary took my picture
beside it. Drove 391 miles today.

June 29, 1997 - Day 8 Sunday

We traveled on the Yellowhead Highway (#16) to
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. It is so-named in honor of
an early explorer who had fair hair and was dubbed
Yellowhead by the Indians. Manitoba and
Saskatchewan are called the Prairie Provinces and
crossing them is like driving through Kansas except
you don’t get to visit the Eisenhower museum. The
fields are full of mustard and canola crops. They are
beautiful to see. The roads are good, quite like the
Interstate roads in the States. We have tried to
remember the song which mentions Saskatoon but
cannot come up with it. We spent the night in
Saskatoon after traveling 499 miles today.

June 30, 1997 - Day 9

We continued on our way and passed into Alberta
Province. The terrain is becoming more rugged and
more beautiful. Mountains, streams, greenery are now
a regular feature. We stopped and took some pictures
of a moose who obliged by coming close to the edge
of the road and scratching the space between his
horns on a rather large bush for several minutes.
Many cars stopped to take this in. We wanted to
spend the night in Jasper but all the inns were full
(one drawback to not making reservations) so we
drove a bit further and stayed in a Chalet on the
Fraser River run by a German woman. The scenery
here is really beautiful. Miles today: 658.

July 1, 1997 - Day 10 Canada Day

Canada’s national holiday today. We crossed into
British Columbia early in the morning. More beautiful
mountains, streams and country side. The roads are
narrower, no more divided highways. One lane. I
imagine road construction here is more difficult and
thus more expensive than in the Prairie Provinces.
Arrived in Prince Rupert at 6:30 p.m. and went to
“scope out” the waterfront. Wound up booking our
reservation for Alaska. We got our car on and even
managed an inside cabin. We were very lucky. This
was the last accommodation available before July 6
or 7 (after the holiday). We found a hotel close to the
ferry terminal and the operator even let Mary do a
wash in the hotel’s laundry room. We tipped the
operator well for this extra accommodation. The
public laundry down the road was closed. We had a
pizza supper and a few beers, we are quite tired
today. We sail at 10 a.m. and have to be on line at the
ferry by seven in the morning. Robert Mitchum died
today. We shall miss his performances. Today we did
616 miles.

July 2, 1997 - Day 11

Up at 5:30 a.m. Light breakfast of coffee, and some
bread, jam and fruit we bought last night in a store. At
the ferry shortly before seven. Loading of vehicles of
all kinds, shapes and sizes quite complex but done in
good time. Although we were on line early we didn’t
load until second to last. We passed the time waiting
talking to other people, most notably a couple from
the University of Wisconsin and their children. I wore
my Green Bay Packers cap (gift from Patrick last
Birthday) and it is a conversation starter everywhere
we go. Americans love a winner. The ship sailed at
10:05. I took a nap in the cabin and awoke about 2
p.m. Mary also rested. I used my binoculars (gift from
Frankie last Christmas) to good advantage as we
moved through the Inland Passage. Today is
Wednesday. We are due in Skagway, Alaska, at 11
p.m. Thursday night. It is about a thirty-eight hour
journey. Our ship is the TAKU, built in 1963, modified
for the State of Alaska in 1981. We got off in Wrangell
for a short walk to Totem Pole Park. A small Alaskan
town which can only be reached by water or air. No
roads to or from British Columbia or anywhere else. It
was good to have a day off from driving.

July 3, 1997 - Day 12

Slept fairly well in the lower bunk of our cabin. The
ship is noisy. I thought our cabin must be close to the
engines or the screws. But we were fortunate to get
these accommodations with no advance reservation.
The cabin has toilet, sink and shower. Up about 8:30.
Scenery like yesterday - lots of water, small islands,
and snow-capped mountains in the distance. Ship is
really not crowded, although it is ferrying its maximum
load of trucks, buses, mobile homes, autos,
motorcycles. Have met some nice people on board. In
Juneau during a ninety minute stopover we took a bus
tour of the city and went to Mendenhall Glacier, which
is some 12 miles long. Some people and vehicles left
the ship in Juneau and the captain took on others. At
least two new vehicles could not be handled and they
had to stay behind in Juneau. When we were at
dinner the Captain came through and I suggested
quietly to him the ship’s American flag be replaced
              th
before the 4 of July since it was pretty dirty and
ragged. I thought he could do this at the next stop. To
my amazement, a brand new, sparkling stars and
stripes were flying from the mast in less than thirty
minutes. I was impressed. We landed in Skagway,
population approximately 750, at about 11:30 p.m. Of
course it is still daylight in the land of the Midnight
sun, as it has been for several days now. We
managed a decent room at Sgt. Preston’s Lodge and
I went out and walked about. There are wooden
sidewalks on the one main street in Skagway, which
is about ten blocks long. The buildings are quite old
and like what Hollywood has shown us as the frontier
life. I went into a micro-brewery pub without realizing
it was not yet open for business and ordered a local
beer. Turns out I was the first paying customer, the
other men there were workers putting some finishing
touches on the place. A nice little town.

July 4, 1997 - Day 13 America’s Birthday

Skagway put on a parade. People lined the streets. I
saw a lot of children coming down the street from the
North. They were in costume. Some were in wagons
pulled by their parents. Some could hardly walk. They
had balloons and everyone watching laughed and
applauded. I thought, well that’s a nice parade. When
it was over no one moved. The real parade was
coming from the South end of town. It was a
thoughtful touch to have one parade for the small
children and then the adults. It was an old-fashioned,
small town America, Fourth of July parade complete
with bands, vehicles, servicemen, police, firemen,
civic groups, judges and awards, in short, the whole
lot. Every a couple of cross-dressers (who did not get
a warm reception nor win an award). We moved on to
Whitehorse in the Yukon Territory. A few miles out of
Skagway we stopped for some delicious cinnamon
buns on the recommendation of our hostess at Sgt.
Preston’s lodge. They really were good. Large
commercial bakeries are only in major cities and
everywhere we have stopped through Canada and
here in Skagway we find local bakeries in hotels,
motels, and on the streets. There is some great
baking going on, as our waistlines attest. In
Whitehorse I had the oil changed in the Lincoln. We
changed some American dollars for Canadian at the
rate of US $1 for CN $1.35. This evening we had an
excellent salmon supper in a seasonal restaurant
Mary spotted early in the evening and later walked
along the river through Rotary Peace Park. We saw
an old riverboat and enjoyed the cool evening. It is
hard to go to bed when it is still light, but we are tired.
We only drove 117 miles today. It has been a
pleasant day.

July 5, 1997 - Day 14

I think we are getting tired. Mary especially. It is a lot
of riding. I must be considerate of her slow nature,
which is getting slower. Three tour buses arrived at
our hotel (Westmark) during the night. This morning
all the passengers were standing on line to eat in the
hotel dining room. I ate an old cinnamon that was left
in the car. We headed north to Dawson per
yesterday’s plan. About 30 miles up the highway Mary
balked. “There’s nothing I want to see in Dawson.”
We turned about and drove to Fairbanks. We stopped
at a reindeer farm. Passed the town of North Pole
south of Fairbanks. Stayed at the Bridgewater Hotel.
Nice. Miles today 654.

July 6, 1997 - Day 15 Sunday

Hotel not as nice as I thought. Mary displeased. We
changed. Got nice place. I had a slow leak in one tire
that had previously been plugged. Since it was
Sunday it was difficult to find a place to get it fixed.
Finally found out about the local “Sam’s”, a
warehouse shopping club we belong to at home. They
opened at noon and I was second in line for
emergency tire work. Got it fixed and bought a few
things in the store. We visited North Pole, and a burl
shop. At the North Pole, a typical tourist attraction,
Santa Claus was a young boy was a young boy with
braces on his teeth in an ill fitting costume. Not much
show being put on for the kids. We visited a nearby
dam and flood revetment on the Chena River. Flood
here in 1967 caused much damage and the
revetment was built to preclude a recurrence of the
damage. In the evening we flew with a bush pilot to
Fort Yukon, north of the Arctic Circle. My second
crossing. The first was in 1956 when I was sent to
Sondestrom Air Force Base, Greenland. It was Mary’s
first time. The pilot gave us certificates to
commemorate the crossing. The original fort built by
the Hudson’s Bay Company (in 1847) was not for
protection from the Gwich’in Indians; but as protection
from the Russians. Fort Yukon is the largest
Athabascan Indian Village and one of the oldest
settlements in Alaska. It is accessible, year-round,
only by airplane. Practically all the Eskimos live off
jobs and assistance from one of four levels of
government: national, state, local and tribal. The town
is poor; some government housing has been built at
three times the cost of similar housing in the Lower
48. Alcoholism is a major problem in the town. There
is one four-way stop intersection and no traffic lights.
As our ground-driver escort put it, “I don’t even have a
license.” We had some great views of the Alaskan
pipeline which runs 789 miles from Prudhoe Bay in
the Arctic Ocean south to Valdez in Prince William
Sound, crossing three mountain ranges and seventy
rivers or streams. It took three years to build and
where the pipe is buried it is also cooled so to not
melt the permafrost on which it sets. Two million
barrels of crude oil a day can be pumped through the
line. I am eating too much. We are both eating too
much and not exercising. Miles driven today: 98.

July 7, 1997 - Day 16

We left Fairbanks and headed south on Alaska
Highway 3. It was raining when we arrived at Denali
Park. Mt. McKinley is obscured by heavy fog. It is
most days we were informed. To get around the park
one has to ride a bus. Private vehicles are not allowed
beyond the main parking lot and visitor center. Bus
trips take about eight hours. Given the weather and
our desire to not spend eight hours on a bus, we
headed for Anchorage. We did see some beautiful
scenery along the way which parallels the edge of the
park. We had to book in at a second rate hotel
because all the major ones were booked, but it
worked out fine. We are downtown and had one of the
best meals of our trip in Phyllis’ Baked Salmon
restaurant. Actually had a salmon and a flounder for
our entrees and the chef divided each between the
two plates. We saw some beautiful flowers growing in
a city park and enjoyed our walkabout. We learned of
the 1964 earthquake and saw a short film on how fast
it came and went but the extensive damage it left
behind. Anchorage is easily the most beautiful place
we have visited in Alaska. Miles today: 366.

July 8, 1997 - Day 17

We had a nice early morning drive to Portage. We
saw some goats on the side of a mountain and were
amazed at their footing. At Portage we waited only a
short time for the train to Whittier. This is the only way
to get to Whittier. We sat in our own car on the shuttle
and enjoyed passing through two mountain tunnels.
One was about a mile long and the second, Maynard
Mountain, is three miles long. These tunnels were
built by the Army Corps of Engineers 50 years ago. It
was bright and sunny when we left Portage. On the
Whittier side of the mountains we had passed through
it was damp, chilly and rather bleak. Whittier is a town
built by the American Army during World War II and
has become a fishing village and tourist attraction. It
is a dirty place and long overdue for some real
civilization. The people here, however, do not want a
road to anywhere and asked Mary to sign a petition
protesting such plans. She declined. We did have a
nice pancake breakfast in the Anchor Inn, sort of a
combination bar, grocery and restaurant. It is from
here we will sail on a ferry and take the seven hour
trip across Prince William Sound to Valdez, Alaska,
from where we can drive back to the Yukon Territory
and the Alcan Highway which we intend to take
homeward. Because we arrived so early in the
morning we are first on the “standby list” and have
good hopes to get on the boat, although we will not be
sure until sailing time. A second car came in behind
us as we waited. We made the boat; the second
“standby” did not. The trip was an exciting time. We
saw some glaciers and ice floes and the weather was
what we had expected Alaska to be - cold. Had to
wear a jacket most of the time while crossing the
Sound. One glacier was described over the
loudspeaker as being eight miles long and a half-mile
wide. At about 6:50 p.m. we passed Columbia Glacier
in a sea of ice floes and truly enjoyed that experience.
A lot of picture taking was going on among the
passengers. We saw a marker designating where the
Exxon Valdez had its major spill several years ago.
As we approached Valdez we saw some seals on a
buoy. There were five seals and you would almost
think they are trained. Locally a postcard is sold
depicting this same scene and there are five seals on
the buoy on the postcard. We got off the boat and
because it was still light decided not to stay in Valdez
but to go instead to Glen Cannon. The trip through the
mountains as the night came on was a bit hectic. It
was foggy and the road very steep and narrow. I was
glad when we passed over the top and headed down.
We stayed at the Caribou Motel “Annex” which is a
barracks style building with several rooms for pipeline
and other construction workers in the area. A general
bath down the hall. Price was good, quarters were
clean and comfortable. Miles today (via vehicle) 177.

July 9, 1997 - Day 18

Gas near the motel was $1.70 a gallon. We did not
top off. Drove to Tok and then took the road South to
Whitehorse. We were on this road on July 5, when we
drove to Fairbanks. The area around Lake Kulane is
very beautiful. We took some pictures en route. We
stayed in Whitehorse at the Best Western Hotel which
is very nice. We could not get back into the Westmark
which we had used and enjoyed earlier. There was a
bachelor party in the bar of the hotel, and it was pretty
risqué. It involved an inflatable woman and a lot of
conduct best left observed but not recorded. We saw
a log church built in 1900 and used for sixty years.
Today it serves as a local social service site. We had
some nice food and drinks here, including a grainy hot
breakfast cereal called “Red River.” Today we drove
530 miles.

July 10, 1997 - Day 19

Drove east toward Watson Lake on the Alaskan
Highway. The Continental Divide gave us some
beautiful scenery. At Watson Lake we saw the sign-
post capital of the world. The first sign was erected by
Carl Lindley, a lonesome American GI in 1942 (it
showed the distance to his home in Danville, Illinois).
Others followed and tourists still add to the collection.
Today there are thousands of signs from all over the
world identifying cities and towns and other places.
Also thousands of license plates and personal signs
marking the visit of people from the four corners of the
world. We saw several placed there by South
Carolinians. Mary met an Elvis impersonator and he
was a strange one. A Northern Lights show nearby
was touristy and not all that good. We are
encountering more road work. We stayed the night at
Trapper Ray’s lodge at Laird Hot Springs, 137 miles
East of Watson Lake. The food and services here
were poor. The hot springs were not appealing to me,
mainly because of the mosquitoes we had to fight our
way through to get to them on foot. Several people
were, however, enjoying the waters. Miles today: 409.

July 11, 1997 - Day 20

Bad night last night. Hit my head hard on the ceiling
overhang breaking the skin, and had some bad
dreams to boot. Cause and effect? Awoke at 2:30
a.m. On the road at 4:30 a.m. Lots of road
construction. Some reindeer seen along the road. Day
got more beautiful as we went along. It was
treacherous coming down some mountains but also
exhilarating. We spent some time in Dawson Creek,
mile “O” for the Alcan Highway. The success in
building that highway more than 50 years ago was, for
the time and conditions, a spectacular event. The
Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor and were
threatening the Aleutians and Alaska. Canada and the
West Coast of America were at peril. There had to be
some way to get troops, guns, and supplies to Alaska.
I recall seeing Movietone News reports of the event at
the time but only now can fully appreciate what was
done. The road was 1,532 miles long and went
through some of the most formidable territory even
encountered. There were 11,000 soldiers and 16,000
civilians engaged in the work. It was built in eight
months and twelve days. Men died from the cold and
the heat, from floods and disease. We spent the night
in Grand Prairie in Alberta Province. The roads are
better in Alberta. We are seeing the yellow fields
again; more canola and mustard. Miles today 565.

July 12, 1997 - Day 21

We are west of Whitecourt on Highway 43 in Alberta
Province and some rocks have been kicked back at
us and chipped my windshield. The offending vehicle
was a Black Jeep, License SSC863, Alberta. We
stopped in Cardston, Alberta, and saw the Fay Wray
fountain. Her career as a Hollywood movie actress
spanned thirty-three years but she is known best as
the female lead in King Kong. Not many people can
name another picture she was in. At the fountain KK
is memorialized along with Cardston’s most famous
citizen. We crossed into Montana at 6:30 in the
evening. It was sixty miles to a decent motel. We did
the laundry and washed the car. We stayed overnight
in Cut Bank. Slept poorly, ate in McDonalds. Mileage:
about 550.

July 13, 1997 - Day 22 Sunday

Went to Mass in Shelby, Montana. The speed limit
here is “reasonable and prudent”. We visited the Little
Big Horn battlefield, which is now also the site of a
National Cemetery for veterans. A Park Ranger gave
a good talk about the events leading up to the battle
and the actual fight itself in June 1876. Obviously, the
story is different from that given to us by the writers a
hundred years ago and the image projected by
Hollywood. One thing which seems to be overlooked
now in this era of political correctness is that at the
time the Indians were a murdering bunch of savages.
I noted in the museum that General Custer kept a
small diary in a shirt pocket size notebook, much like
the one I have been using on this trip. Miles today
576.

July 14, 1997 - Day 23

Changed oil in Sheridan, Wyoming. Had a delicious
cinnamon bun. Stopped for lunch in Rapid City, South
Dakota. Interesting afternoon. Visited a trout and
salmon hatchery, Thunderhead Falls (600 feet inside
a mountain) and Bear Country, USA, where we saw a
grand collection of animals, including a large herd of
brown bears and other wildlife. Miles today 541.
July 15, 1997 - Day 24

Up early. Breakfast in Winner, SD Twenty-two old
women, members of an exercise club, were gathered
in the restaurant for a birthday breakfast of a member.
Happy Birthday was sung. The honoree looked about
85-90 years old. We toured Fort Randall dam on the
Missouri River. It was a very interesting trip. I always
like to visit dams and go down under the water and
see the turbines and the equipment. This one has ten
spillways, six are used for power generation and four
others for flood control. We also stopped at a sheep
auction and one time the auctioneer thought he had a
bid but his helper said, “It’s just a lady with a camera.”
He was referring to Mary. At Elk Point, SD we enjoyed
a milk shake at Edgar’s “the finest soda fountain in
the state” (built in 1906). Now the drug store housing
it is also a flower shop. We went by the Gateway
2000 computer factory in North Sioux city and were
amazed at the growth of the plant since we last visited
in 1993. We are on the road to Omaha where we
expect to visit the Strategic Air Command (SAC)
Museum and take in the history of the Air Force. We
had a difficult time finding the place but made it
eventually and got in a motel across from Offutt AFB.
We had a nice suite of rooms at a very reasonable
price ($73). We learned only today that Jimmy
Stewart had died sometime during the past week.
Another film great gone. Miles today: 486.

July 16, 1997 - Day 25

Visited Offutt AFB, but they would not let us go on the
base. We went to the SAC museum and found it in
transition. It is being re-located to another site about
forty miles away. While we saw some exhibits, it was
not up to expected (or normal Air Force) standards
and we were disappointed. Perhaps after it is
relocated and opened anew we can try it again. We
went on to Kansas City to visit the stockyards. They
closed two years ago. We had lunch in the Golden Ox
located in the old stockyard headquarters building, a
restaurant we would have passed on judging by the
outside appearance. We went in on the
recommendation of a man selling papers, gum and
cigarettes in the lobby of the building. It was great.
Fine ambiance, drinks and food. Really upscale.
Professional waitresses and service. Had the famous
KC strip and baked potato, salad, etc. We drove
across Missouri to St. Louis, the Gateway to the
West. Parked near the Barnes Jewish Hospital on
Kings Highway. Rode the Metro-link to Lached’s
Station. Walked to the Golden Arch which
commemorates the Gateway to the West. We rode to
the top of the Arch, some 630 feet. We saw a
beautiful sight, St. Louis all lit up and sparking like a
crown of jewels. We could look down on Busch
Stadium where the Cardinals were playing a night
baseball game. We were thrilled at the experience.
We drove on I-64 across the line to Illinois and stayed
the night. Miles today 490.

July 17, 1997 - Day 26

Went through Marion, Illinois. Tried to visit the federal
penitentiary there but were turned away at the gate.
We were not even allowed to look upon the outside of
the buildings. Advance clearance for visits has to be
obtained from Washington. Understandable. We are
heading in the direction of Nashville. We stopped at a
Cracker Barrel outside of Knoxville for dinner. Took I-
640 around Knoxville. We are tired. About 65 miles
west of Asheville we were diverted. We did not know
it but a major rock slide on the Thursday before the
Fourth of July had closed the Interstate here. At Hot
Springs, Tenn., people were sitting in a BP gas
station on folding lawn chairs and watching three
lanes of traffic converge on a “T” intersection. Kids
were across the road cheering the truckers on and
sticking their fists and arms in the air and moving
them up and \down trying to get the drivers to blow
their air horns. Many cooperated with the kids and the
local were just enjoying themselves. There hasn’t
been this much excitement in town since the paint
dried on the Post Office forty years ago. The alternate
route was a single lane road for about 55-60 miles
through the mountains. These old roads are very
narrow and not intended for the large number of
vehicles now using them as a temporary measure.
Trailer trucks were burning brakes coming down the
hills in the area, camper vehicles were trying to get
around each other and altogether it was a tough
ninety minutes of driving. We were told later the rock
slide had been cleared but the road base could not be
stabilized and it may be several more weeks before
the road is passable again. We stayed overnight
south of Asheville. We are almost home. Miles today:
637.

July 18, 1997 - Day 27 Friday

Home. Drove 260 miles today. Ending mileage:
50,521. Total trip mileage: 11, 013 road miles (miles
covered by ferries and trains not included.) Our butts
                                are sore. We are tired. It will take us several days to
                                recuperate. All in all a grand time. We went on our
                                own, made no reservations and generally came out
                                okay. Only one or two difficult moments, but even
                                they worked out. The Lincoln performed well. No
                                complaints. A good vacation. We are looking forward
                                to Frankie’s visit in a few days and Patrick’s birthday
                                coming up next week.

                                                     The End

http://www.archibald99.com/northtoalaska




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                            Book Reviews

                              Book Reviews (50) by Francis X.
                                        Archibald
                                                      Published in
                                                 The State, Columbia, SC
                                             December 1985 to September 1991

                                             and September 1996 to April 1997

                                               Publication Date in Parenthesis

                                             (Also one written but un-published.)

                            Gardner, John. The Secret Generations. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 383
                            pages, 1985. A fictionalized account of the British Secret Service.
                            (Nov. 17, 1985)
Bar-Zohar, Michael. Arrows of the Almighty. Macmillan, 224
pages. 1985. A real-life story of espionage in Palestine during
World War II. (Nov. 17 1985)

DeAndrea, William L. Snark. The Mysterious Press, 275 pages.
1985. Espionage fiction. (Nov. 17, 1985)

Buckley, Jr., William F. Right Reason. Doubleday, 454 pages.
1985. A collection of articles, columns, speeches and essays from
possibly the most prolific conservative author of the times. (Dec.
8, 1985)

Norton, Hugh S. The Quest for Economic Stability: Roosevelt to
Reagan. University of South Carolina Press, 329 pages. 1986. A
study of the economic convolutions America has undergone in the
last 50 years. (Dec. 15, 1985)

Prendergast, Curtis. The World of Time, Inc. Atheneum, 590
pages. 1986. Volume three in the history of one of the world's
greatest publishing enterprises. (Feb. 2, 1986)

Wriston, Walter B. Risk & Other Four Letter Words. Harper &
Row, 243 pages. 1986. A collection of essays and speeches
delivered "often at the height of some public controversy" by one
of the giants of Wall Street. (Mar. 23, 1986)

Truman, Margaret. Bess Truman. Macmillan, 445 pages, 1986. A
biography of a sensitive woman who advised and counseled her
husband through decades of tumultuous political life. (May 4,
1986)

Beschloss, Michael R. Mayday: Eisenhower, Khrushchev and the
U-2 Affair. Harper & Row, 544 pages. 1986. A valuable insight to
the Eisenhower White House and a major incident between
superpowers which contributed to continuing world turmoil. (May
11, 1986)

Netanyahu, Benjamin. Terrorism: How the West Can Win. Farrar,
Straus & Giroux, 254 pages, 1986. A collection of addresses,
essays and lectures on a "coherent and united international
response" to terrorism. (May 25, 1986)

Kahin, George McT. Intervention: How America Became
Involved in Vietnam. Alfred A. Knopf, 550 pages. 1986. The
political dimension of America's policy in Vietnam from pre-
World War II to the Johnson years. (June 22, 1986)

Benchley, Peter. "Q" Clearance. Random House, 340 pages.
1986. A fictionalized account of working and living in the White
House during President Lyndon Johnson's era. (July 6, 1986)

Clancy, Tom. Red Storm Rising. Putnam's, 652 pages. 1986. A
pseudo-real life military-political superpower confrontation.
(Aug. 10, 1986)

Kneece, Jack. Family Treason: The Walker Spy Case. Stein and
Day, 240 pages. 1986. A factual representation of betrayal of
America with scenes and events in the Lowcountry of South
Carolina. (Dec. 7, 1986)

Szulc, Ted. Fidel: A Critical Portrait. William Morrow & Co.,
703 pages. 1986. One of the few worthwhile critical reviews of
Castro available in English which also details American business
and political attitudes toward the Caribbean. (Dec. 14, 1986)

Duarte, Jose Napoleon. Duarte: My Story. G.P. Putnam's, 284
pages. 1986. President Duarte's turbulent and hazardous political
life through his election to the Presidency of El Salvador, and his
views of American policy. (Dec. 14, 1986)

West, Nigel and Pujol, Juan. Operation Garbo. Random House,
205 pages. 1986. A tale of World War II by one who participated
in what Churchill called "a bodyguard of lies." (Dec. 28, 1986)

Kramish, Arnold. The Griffin. Houghton Mifflin, 294 pages.
1986. Could Germany make the atom bomb and why the Allies
succeeded first. (Dec. 28, 1986)

McElvaine, Robert S. The End of the Conservative Era:
Liberalism After Reagan. Arbor House, 338 pages. 1987. Author
projects that mixed signs could signal a return to liberalism. (Aug.
3, 1987)

Fairbank, John King. China Watch. Harvard University Press, 219
pages. 1987. The views of an Old China Hand on events since
Nixon's reopening of relations with China, with flashbacks to
earlier relations. (Sept. 6, 1987)

Ignatius, David. Agents of Innocence. W.W. Norton, 444 pages,
1987. Spy novel which is probably based on a real-life CIA
officer Robert Ames who was killed in the Mid-East. (Oct. 11,
1987)

Semkyonov, Julian. Tass is Authorized to Announce. Riverrun
Press, 353 pages, 1987. KGB-CIA spy novel set in Mid-East
written by a Soviet author. (Oct. 11, 1987)

Urofsky, Melvin. The Douglas Letters. Adler & Adler, 448 pages,
1987. Selections from the private papers of the man who served
longer than any other Justice of the Supreme Court. (Nov. 15,
1987)

Miller, Merle. Ike The Soldier. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 859 pages,
1987. An excellent portrait of Dwight D. Eisehnower as a man
and a soldier. (Dec. 20, 1987)

Buckley, Jr., William F. Mongoose R.I.P. Random House, 322
pages, 1988. Historical events to do away with Fidel Castro are
turned into a docudrama. (Jan. 24, 1988)

Breslin, Jimmy. He Got Hungry and Forgot His Manners.
Ticknor & Fields, 275 pages, 1988. A humorous look at New
York City welfare battles. (Feb. 14, 1988)

Ludlum, Robert. The Icarus Agenda. Random House, 677 pages,
1988. Events in the Mid-East serve as a backdrop for another spy-
chiller. (Mar. 13, 1988)

(Unpublished). Roosevelt, Archie. For Lust of Knowing:
Memoirs of an Intelligence Officer. Little, Brown & Co., 500
pages, 1988. The boring tale of a former CIA station chief in the
Mid-East. (Spring, 1988)

Herzstein, Robert Edwin. Waldheim: The Missing Years. Arbor
House/William Morrow, 303 pages, 1988. A look into Kurt
Waldheim's service to the Third Reich. (May 1, 1988)

Higgins, George V. Wonderful Years, Wonderful Years. Henry
Holt, 261 pages, 1988. A crime novel that is well-written and full
of humor. (Dec. 4, 1988)

Belin, David W. Final Disclosure: The Full Truth About the
Assassination of President Kennedy. Charles Scribner's, 249
pages, 1988. A rehash of the Kennedy assassination by a Warren
Commission staffer who was later executive director of the
Rockefeller Commission on the CIA. (Dec. 25, 1988)

Deighton, Len. Spy Hook. Alfred A.Knopf, 292 pages, 1989. The
first book of Deighton's 1989-1990 spy trilogy. (Feb. 12, 1989)

Maurer, Harry. Strange Ground: Americans in Vietnam, 1945-
1975, An Oral History. Henry Holt & Company, 634 pages, 1989.
Interviews with men and women who contributed to the Vietnam
experience. (Feb. 19, 1989)

Rooney, Andrew A. Not That You Asked. Random House, 270
pages, 1989. America's favorite old codger vents his spleen. (Apr.
16, 1989)
Knightley, Phillip. The Master Spy. Alfred A. Knopf, 292 pages,
1989. Another insight into Kim Philby, "the (British) spy who
betrayed a generation." (Apr. 30, 1989)

Kessler, Ronald.Moscow Station: How the KGB Penetrated the
American Embassy. Scribner's, 305 pages, 1989. Security
breaches at the AmEmb in Moscow and US reaction. (May 21,
1989)

O'Reilly, Kenneth. Racial Matters: The FBI's Secret File on
Black America 1960-1972.The Free Press, 456 pages, 1989. The
FBI under Hoover set out to "expose, disrupt or otherwise
neutralize" leaders of the Black movement in America. (Aug. 13,
1989)

Taylor, Paul. See How They Run. Alfred A. Knopf, 305 pages,
1990. A look at the 1988 Presidential campaign, by a writer of
The Washington Post. (Oct. 28, 1990)

Simon, Roger. Road Show. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 356 pages,
1990. A look at the 1988 Presidential campaign, by a writer of
The Baltimore Sun. (Oct. 28, 1990)

Persico, Joseph E. Casey - The Lives and Secrets of William J.
Casey: From the OSS to the CIA. Viking, 601 pages, 1990. A
favorable biography of the CIA boss during the Reagan years and
the Iran-Contra affair. (Nov. 11, 1990)

Grant, Zalin.Facing the Phoenix. W.W. Norton, 395 pages, 1990.-
The controversial program enacted in South Vietnam to win over
or kill Viet Cong guerrillas. (Jan. 20, 1991)

Wicker, Tom. One of Us: Richard Nixon and the American
Dream. Random House, 731 pages. 1991. A summary of political
evolution of Nixon. (May 3, 1991)

O’Reilly, Victor. Games of the Hangman. Grove Weidenfeld, 516
pages, 1991. Novel about terrorism, mid-East and others. (Sept.
29, 1991)

Toobin, Jeffrey. The Run of His Life. Random House, 466 pages,
1996. A critique of the O.J. Simpson trial by a non-participant.
(Sept. 29, 1996)

Theroux, Paul. My Other Life. Houghton Mifflin, 456 pages,
1996. Author explores his so-called other life in latest fiction
book. (Oct. 13, 1996)

leCarré, John. The Tailor of Panama. Alfred Knopf, 336, 1996. A
                          satirical look at the world of British espionage. (Nov. 10, 1996)

                          Follett, Ken. The Third Twin. Crown, 422 pages, 1996. A snap,
                          crackle and pop crime story set in one hectic week in Baltimore
                          and Washinton. (Dec. 1, 1996)

                          Stender, William. Master Switch. Peachtree, 440 pages, 1997.
                          South Carolina native uses Gulf War to plot tale of war. (Feb. 9,
                          1997)

                                 Silva, Daniel. The Unlikely Spy. Villard, 481 pages, 1997.
                                 World War II intrigue in Churchill’s “bodyguard of lies.”
                                 (March 2, 1997)

                                 Kennedy, Douglas. The Big Picture. Hyperion, 374 pages,
                                 1997. A man cuckolded takes his revenge and prospers.
                                 (Apr. 6, 1997)

                                 Chinnoy, Mike. China Live: Two Decades In The Heart of
                                 the Dragon. Turner, 397 pages, 1997. A TV reporter
                                 grows up and reports on hectic days of turmoil in China.
                                 (Apr. 27, 1997)


http://www.archibald99.com/book-reviews




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Toastmasters speech contests 08
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Thanksgiving in Goose Creek

6 photos, 11/22/07




Steven and Rondalyn's wedding lunch

11 photos, 11/17/07




camping in the Pisgah National Forest

10 photos, 10/19/07
Toastmasters speech contests 07

7 photos, 8/29/07




Niagara Falls 07

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07-07-22 frank's house

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Orchard writing conference April 2007

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 Charlie

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