Docstoc

Latest trends in alcohol and drug abuse

Document Sample
Latest trends in alcohol and drug abuse Powered By Docstoc
					                   Latest trends in alcohol and drug abuse

Alcohol and drug abuse has expanded its tentacles in the United States with nearly 4.6
million drug related Emergency Department (ED) visits nationwide in 2009. These are
national estimates on drug related visits to hospital emergency departments (ED) as
obtained from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) a public health surveillance system
managed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Substance Administration (SAMHSA)
and U.S Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Approximately, 32% (658,263) of all drug abuse ED visits in 2009 involved the use of
alcohol either alone or in combination with another drug. During 2009, DAWN has estimated
about 519,650 ED visits related with the use of alcohol in combination with other drugs
where alcohol was consumed frequently combined with central nervous system agents,
cocaine, marijuana, psychotherapeutic agents, and heroin. The trends emerging from the
alcohol and drug rehab centers revealed that clients at these centers had reported to
counselors that they often got prescription drugs from their parents ‘s medicine cabinets or
those of friends or family members. The same trend is confirmed by the reports of 2011
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Substance Administration’s (SAMHSA) National survey
on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) that states that about six million Americans abuse
prescription drugs.

There is also alarming increase in the abuse of synthetic drugs and even crackdown on
these drugs is not working. Majority of people think that use of synthetic drugs is safe as
they are legal even though each packet of synthetic drugs contains unknown amounts of
unsafe drugs. These synthetic drugs may have a combination of two drugs or may be five
drugs but the side effects of these synthetic drugs are quite deadly. The combination of
chemicals or substances used in synthetic drugs chemically reacts with another to create a
completely new combination drug.

Therefore, these hybrid compound drugs have unknown properties making it hard to treat
when a user of these drugs is admitted in emergency room with side effects of overdose.
The latest in a long list of addictive substances are the synthetic drugs and the users of
these drugs are getting themselves admitted to the alcohol and drug rehab centers for
regaining their sober lives to lead ethical, productive and drug free lives.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Alcohol and drug abuse has expanded its tentacles in the United States with nearly 4.6 million drug related Emergency Department (ED) visits nationwide in 2009. These are national estimates on drug related visits to hospital emergency departments (ED) as obtained from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) a public health surveillance system managed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Substance Administration (SAMHSA) and U.S Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).