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WORKING WITH ELDERLY PARENTS AND THEIR ADULT CHILDREN

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WORKING WITH ELDERLY PARENTS AND THEIR ADULT CHILDREN Powered By Docstoc
					Garrison, D., & Akyol, Z. (2009). “Role of instructional and among in the transformation of
•Understanding of both differences and similarities between technology cultures
higher education.” Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 21(1), 19-30.
Why Should We Develop Cultural Understanding?
•Develop curiosity toward other cultures and our own
Halic, O., Lee, D., Paulus, T. & Spence, M., “To blog or not to
blog: Student perceptions of and effectiveness for learning
•Challenge cultural intoleranceblogdevelop cultural tolerance in a college-level course,” The
•Recognize the diversity of ways of dealingdoi: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.04.001
Internet and Higher Education (2010), with life situations
•Develop critical thinking as citizens
Ying Xie, Fengfeng Ke, Priya Sharma, “The effect of peer feedback for blogging on college students' reflective learning processes” Internet and Higher Education 11 (2008) 18–25.
•Become aware of one’s own cultural identity or identities




                          Benefits for the Students                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Benefits for the Instructors


                  Structured Blogging Task                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The Cyber Notebook
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      November 3, 2010
                  •Students are required to:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A shift from an old way of doing things:
                  •Post after every class, field trip, guest speaker and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           • no more collecting a stack of notebooks
                  reading assignment
                  •To comment on the post of their classmates
                                                                                                                                                                               Blogging Your Way to Cultural Understanding                                                                                         • quicker correction/turn around time
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   • Access not limited to professor
                  •To ask a question, either a general question or one                                                                                                                       Sylvie Debevec Henning, International Studies Program                                                                 • Audience is now the entire class
                  directed to a specific classmate                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •Collaborative effort
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Luci Fernandes, Department of Anthropology                                                                       •Peer pressure: entries are not anonymous
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   •Students take assignment more seriously because
                  “Collaborative Constructionism”*                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 remarks are in an open forum

                  •Collaboration "goes beyond simple interaction in the                                                                                                Abstract                                                               How Can Blogging Help Develop
                  sense that it is clearly focused on a problem or dilemma                                                                                             A blog is an innovative way for students to maintain the               Cultural Understanding?                                              Teachers, Don’t fear technology!
                  where students are deeply engaged in purposeful                                                                                                      reflective journal that is required in the Global Understanding
                  discourse to construct meaning and collaboratively                                                                                                   course. Students share reactions to course readings and                 Students share with their classmates a new awareness of            •Easier than you think (IT training and support readily
                  share meaning and validate understanding" (Garrison                                                                                                  cultural observations after linking sessions with international          daily routines, customs, and behaviors in other cultures.          available)
                  and Akyol p. 23).                                                                                                                                    partners. Their interactions with one another outside the               Students share with their classmates what they have learned        •Greater access to student assignments (more often, more
                  •“Blog conversations [offer students] opportunities to                                                                                               classroom help overcome class time restrictions, expand                  about their partners’ feelings, concerns, values and attitudes.    flexible
                  reflect on course related concepts outside of the class                                                                                              opportunities for peer to peer learning and create a sense of           Students then compare what they have learned about other           •More opportunities for seeing what students have learned
                  and to share different perspectives on the course                                                                                                    student ownership. By democratizing discussion, the blog helps           cultures to what they know and feel about their own culture.       and to correct misconceptions or factual errors
                  material.” (Halic, et al, p.)                                                                                                                        students articulate their ideas more freely, develops critical          Through interacting and dialoguing with their classmates,          •Ability to customize blog to meet class needs
                  •Blogging stimulate[s] student thinking and learning by                                                                                              thinking skills and builds confidence. The technology is flexible         students come to appreciate the range of perspectives that            –Variety of formats
                  offering alternative perspectives related to the course                                                                                              enough to allow for inclusion of media. So far student response           exist around the world.                                               –Inclusion of photos, links, podcasts, vidcasts
                  content, “triggering careful examination of the content”                                                                                             has been enthusiastic.
                  and extending discussion about course content outside                                                                                                                                                                       Example of Blog Discussion
                  of the class. (Sharma and Xie p.143)
                                                                                                                                                                        Introduction                                                                                                                               Avenues for Further Exploration
                  *Halic, et al.                                                                                                                                        INTL 1050 and ANTH 1050 are sections of the Global
                                                                                                                                                                        Understanding class, the first taught by the director of the                                                                               •Including international partners in the blog dialogue
                                                                                                                                                                        International Studies program, the second by a member of the                                                                               •Developing and assigning podcasts and vidcasts
                                                                                                                                                                        Anthropology faculty. Both classes meet in the Global
               Peer to Peer Learning                                                                                                                                    Classroom. Class time is divided between face to face sessions
                                                                                                                                                                        that use video conferencing and Internet chatrooms to link
               •Democratizes the discussion                                                                                                                             ECU students with students in partner institutions around the                                                                              Works Cited
               •Students develop confidence in the articulation and                                                                                                     world. Blogging creates additional opportunities for student
                development of their own ideas with a minimum of faculty                                                                                                interaction outside the classroom.                                                                                                         Burgess, J. (2006). “Blogging to learn, learning to blog,” in
                intervention                                                                                                                                            One of the ways we have chosen to help develop cultural                                                                                    A. Bruns & J. Jacobs (Eds.), Uses of blogs (pp. 105-115).
                                                                                                                                                                        understanding is through a blog that transforms the traditional                                                                            New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
                                                                                                                                                                        reflective journal into an open forum of discourse. The Blog is                                                                            Garrison, D., & Akyol, Z. (2009). “Role of instructional
                                                                                                                                                                        being used to post journal entries. The goals were for students                                                                            technology in the transformation of higher education.”
              Community Building                                                                                                                                        to reflect on what they heard and read as well as to interact                                                                              Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 21(1), 19-30.
                                                                                                                                                                        with their peers outside the classroom environment. They were                                                                              Halic, O., Lee, D., Paulus, T. & Spence, M., “To blog or not
              •“Network orientation” helps students develop a social                                                                                                    assigned the task of posting after every class, field trip, guest                                                                          to blog: Student perceptions of blog effectiveness for
              rather than simply a writing/textual orientation (Burgess,                                                                                                speaker and reading assignment. They were required to                                                                                      learning in a college-level course,” The Internet and Higher
              2006, pp. 109-110).                                                                                                                                       comment on what they learned through each activity and to                                                                                  Education (2010), doi: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.04.001
              •Virtual international community established through                                                                                                      dialogue with their classmates through questions and                                                                                       Montgomery M & H Reid-Thomas (1994) Language and
              Global Classroom technology                                                                                                                               responses.                                                                                                                                 Social life, The British Council, 1994.
              •Sense of local community created that goes beyond the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ying Xie, Fengfeng Ke, Priya Sharma, “The effect of peer
              classroom through blogging                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           feedback for blogging on college students' reflective
                                                                                                                                                                        What Do We Mean By
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   learning processes” Internet and Higher Education 11
                                                                                                                                                                        Cultural Understanding?                                                                                                                    (2008) 18–25.

                                                                                                                                                                        • Understanding of the diversity of cultures that exist around the    Conclusion
               Developing Critical Thinking Skills                                                                                                                        world                                                               Blogging provides students with opportunities to comment on
                                                                                                                                                                        • Understanding that culture encompasses “the whole way of            what they have heard and read, to see what their classmates
               •Sharing knowledge                                                                                                                                         life of a people or group” (Montgomery and Reid-Thomas,             are posting, to ask questions and to respond to the comments of
               •Validating understanding                                                                                                                                  1994:5)                                                             others. These peer to peer interactions are relatively rare in the
               •Becoming aware of different perspectives and                                                                                                            • Understanding of both differences and similarities between          classroom and often rather artificial and stilted. Blogging
               interpretations within one’s own culture                                                                                                                   and among cultures                                                  interactions are less inhibited by the classroom setting and
               •Coming to understand that students from other                                                                                                                                                                                 professorial oversight.
               cultures may have distinctive perspectives and                                                                                                                                                                                 Students become aware of both insider and outsider
               interpretations                                                                                                                                         Why Should We Develop                                                  perspectives. They learn about themselves and their own culture
                                                                                                                                                                       Cultural Understanding?                                                as they learn about other cultures. This learning is heightened
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              when the class includes exchange students from non-linking
                                                                                                                                                                       • Develop curiosity toward other cultures and our own                  countries. Thus blogging can help them develop a better sense
                                                                                                                                                                       • Challenge cultural intolerance and develop cultural tolerance        of their own personal identity as well as of their own
                                                                                                                                                                       • Recognize the diversity of ways of dealing with life situations      cultural/group identity.
                                                                                                                                                                       • Develop critical thinking as citizens
                                                                                                                                                                       • Become aware of one’s own cultural identity or identities

				
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