Docstoc

Working time in the 5th EWCS some preliminary findings

Document Sample
Working time in the 5th EWCS some preliminary findings Powered By Docstoc
					Working time in the 5th EWCS:
  some findings from the
      overview report
              Greet Vermeylen
    Seminar faculty of chemistry / chemical
                  technology
         Ljubljana, 4 October 2011
                  5th EWCS and working time


•   working time duration
       Working time is decreasing on average
             From 40.5 hrs/week in 1991 (EC12) to 37.5 hrs/week in EU27 (2010)
             - On average men work 7 hrs more than women in paid empl
             - However: paid + unpaid work: women work more

       Time segregation (next to occupational/sectoral/pay segreg)
             - Women work more shorter hours
             - Men work more longer hours
             - But women do bulk of household work

•   preferences
       Preferences do not always match with what we do:
         Precariousness, overworked,…
                    Evolution of weekly working hours,
                   1991 – 2010, EC12, EU15 and EU27 (%)

               2010
               2005
      EU27




               2000
               1995
               1991
               2010
EC12 (/EU15
 from 1995)




               2005
               2000
               1995
               1991

                      0%        20%          40%              60%          80%        100%

              20 or less   21 to 34   35 to 38     39 to 41     42 to 48     more than 48
             Average working hours and
     distribution of working hours, per country



80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
       HU




       LU




       UK




       NL
     EU27




       FR
       SK




       EE

       ES

       SE

       BE


       DE




       DK
       LV




        IE
       CZ




       PT




       AT
      MT

       LT




        IT
       EL


       PL




        SI
      RO
      BG




        FI
      CY
                              Working time duration
                                   and stress
•   Long working hours :
    -   Slightly decreasing but still
         54% of self-employed with employees,
         43% of self-employed without employees and
         11 % of employees
    -   work 48 + hours per week
    -   -> Report more health problems, work life balance problems and work
        intensity


-   Short working hours (particularly short part time)
    -   Increasing, mostly female phenomenon (gender segregation)
    -   Can be linked with other psychosocial risks mainly related to job and
        financial insecurity
                          Working long hours …
                            Working less than 48h   Working 48 h or more
Problems with work life     16%                     38%
balance
Work affects my health      23%                     37%
negatively
Work intensity              44%                     54%
(high speed > ½ time)
Work nearly every day in    3%                      19%
free time to meet work
demands
Consulted for your work     22%                     29%
targets
I feel at home at work      22 %                    33 %
             Working hours preference,
by gender, age and employment status, 2010, EU27 (%)


             Employed - Other

Employed - permanent contract

                Self-employed

       50 or more years of age

Between 30 and 49 years of age

     Less than 30 years of age

                      Women

                         Men

                           All

                                 0%   10%   20%      30%    40%     50%    60%   70%

                                                  More   The Same   Less
             Working all around the clock?


•   Working time organisation
       Standard working time still the norm for the majority of workers (9 to 5
        jobs / same hours/ same nr of days etc)
              This is more the case for women than for men…

       But a considerable proportion of workers work at ‘other times’
              16% of the workers work long days (5+ times/month)
              10% of workers do night work (+ 3 times/month)
              17% of the workers do shift work
              20% work on call
              53% work at the weekend at least once a month
                  26% work at least one Sunday a month
              Work intensity at very high levels:
                 working to tight deadlines
             EC12, EU15 and EU27, 1991-2010 (%)


70%


60%


50%


40%                                                 EU12
                                                    EU15
30%                                                 EU27


20%


10%


0%
      1991       1995    2000     2005    2010
           Bu




                              0%
                                   10%
                                         20%
                                               30%
                                                     40%
                                                            50%
                                                                   60%
                                                                         70%
                                                                               80%
                                                                                     90%
                lg
                   ar
                       ia
               La
                   tv
                      ia
Un            Po
   i te           la
       d             nd
           Ki
               ng
                   do
                        m
           Po
                rtu
                    ga
          Li
             th           l
   Lu           ua
                    ni
        xe               a
           m
               bo
                    ur
                        g
                M
                   al
                       t
           Be a
                lg
                   iu
                       m
               Sp
                    ai
          Sl            n
              ov
                  ak
                      ia
              Ire
                  lan
                         d
             Fr
                an
                     ce
                EU
                     27
             Es
    Ne           to
                    ni
         th              a
            er
                la
                   nd
          Ro            s
Cz
  ec           m
                  an
       h                ia
          Re
               pu
                    bli
                         c
                Ita
          De l y
              nm
                   ar
                      k
                                                                                           Q45a: Does your job involve w orking at very high speed?




          Hu
              ng
                  ar
                     y
           G
              re
                 ec
                     e
                                                                                                                                                               working at high speed




            Au
                st
                   ria
          G
            er
              m
                  an
                     y
            Fi
               nl
                  an
          Sl         d
             ov
                en
          Sw ia
              ed
                  en
                                                                                                                                                      Work intensity over time – country results




            Cy
                pr
                   us
                                                     2010
                                                            2005
         Po




                          0%
                               10%
                                     20%
                                           30%
                                                 40%
                                                        50%
                                                               60%
                                                                     70%
                                                                           80%
                                                                                 90%
             rtu
        Li ga
          th
              ua l
         Bu ni a
             lg
                 ar
           Po ia
                l
        Sl and
           ov
                ak
                    ia
            La
                 tv
                    ia
   Lu Sp
      xe a
         m in
             bo
                  ur
                      g
                Ita
         Be l y
              lg
        D iu m
          en
               m
        R a rk
    N     om
      et an
        he
            rl a ia
                 nd
          Es s
               to
                   n
         G ia
             re
                ec
          Fr e
              an
C                  ce
  ze
     ch EU
        R          2
          ep 7
               u
        H bli c
          un
               ga
U
  ni Sw ry
    te ed
      d
         Ki en
            ng
                 do
          Au m
               s
        Sl tria
           ov
               en
                    i
           Ire a
                la
                                                                                       Q45b Does your job involve working to tight deadlines?




                   nd
              M
                  a
          Fi l ta
             n
       G l an
                                                                                                                                                       working to tight deadlines




          er d
             m
                 an
          C y
             yp
                  ru
                     s
                                                                                                                                                Work intensity over time – country results




                                                 2010
                                                        2005
               Thank you

        More info: www.eurofound.europa.eu
Survey Map Tool, overview report, secondary analyses
  Data will be available through Essex Data Archive

             gve@eurofound.europa.eu

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:5/10/2013
language:English
pages:12