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Unit 5 The English Countryside Part I Listening and Speaking Activities Part II Reading Comprehension and Language Activities Part III Extended Activities Part I Listening and Speaking Activities Part I Listening and Speaking Activities Introduction of functions Introduction of Listen and speak functions more Try to speak Make your speak Listen and own dialogue to speak for? TryWhat are theymore Make your own dialogue What are they for? Introduction of functions Ask for an opinion • I’d like to have your view/opinion on • Do you have any opinion/comments on… • Do you have any particular views on • What’s your opinion of … • How do you feel/think of … • Will it do if both of them have full-time jobs? • I think... What do you feel? / What’s your view/opinion? / What do you think of it? • How do you see things like …? • I don’t think much of … , do you? • Sb wants to.... What do you say? Listen and speak Listen to the conversation and tick the correct answer to each question. What’s John’s preference about living in the city or the country? Key: a What does John think of the large population in the city? Key: c What is John’s opinion of the pollution problem in the city? Key: b What are the good points about city people, according to John? Key: a Try to speak more Note: Either say, According to someone or In someone’s opinion. Don’t say according to someone’s opinion. Opinion is often used as a count noun when it means personal ideas or beliefs about a particular subject/matter/ person. break one’s back (to do sth.): work very hard (to achieve sth.) Make your own dialogue Use the following cues to make a dialogue. (Turn to page 62) The following picture are two pictures of men who are bored with their present lives. They hope to have a change. Now, work with your partner to discuss some possible attractions that could be recommended to them. (Turn to page 62) What are they for? Key: 1.d 2.b 3.g 4.f 5.c 6.e If you want to learn more Key: a.2 b.1 c.7 d.6 e.3 f.4 g.5 Part II Reading Comprehension Part II and Language ActivitiesLanguage Activ Reading Comprehension and Pre-reading Tasks Notes Pre-reading Tasks Notes Translation Translation Comprehension Comprehension work work Language work (A, B, C) Language work (A, B, C) Part II Reading Comprehension and Language Activities Pre-reading Tasks Name some of the factors which could make a village a beautiful place. What could be the typical characteristics of the English countryside? Tick the words and phrases that you think represent scenes of the English countryside. Text The English Countryside Most Englishmen, if only because of the natural formation of their island, are essentially more at home in the lowlands than on the heights. The popular idea of an English village is of one in a valley, where it can be overlooked from the hills, clustered about its ancient church; and similarly, the general conception of a farm in this country is of a more or less commodious Turn to valley, sheltered by ample trees, homestead in a p.64, and listen to the text. with broad fields like open hands stretched out to receive the sun, and a river flowing not far away. There is always a river not far away, in England; and although, judged by Continental standards, our rivers may for the most part be small and insignificant, they are perhaps more intimately known for that. The English Countryside Certainly they are not the kind about which national songs are composed, as in the case of the Rhine or the Danube or the Volga; but at least they are the kind in which a boy can bathe and in which (even today) a farmhand can tickle an occasional trout. They permit of such homely occupations as the gathering of watercress or the growing of osiers for basket weaving; and although the mill-wheels they once turned are silent now and weed-clogged, men still lean over the weirs on summer evenings and watch the swallows cross the clear water under the bridges. Such rivers, insignificant as they may be, influence the lives of those who live near them in the most subtle and sensuous way. The English Countryside For some time I lived in a cottage on the western edge of the Cotswolds. In front of my garden a meadow---itself a garden of cowslips in spring and a haunt of bee-archives that fell with the swaths of grass in summer---dipped down to the Severn Valley. Standing at my door, I could see across the lowland orchards and pastures to the Malvern on the one hand and to the Welsh mountains on the other. Those far blue ridges might be hidden by mist or cloud from time to time; but seldom was there a day when I could not clearly follow the course of the river down to its wide muddy estuary. Year in, year out, the Severn was part of my view; It was even part of my consciousness. if only: 1) used to express a wish with reference to present or future time; 2) used to express a wish that past events had been different e.g. If only I were rich. 但愿我很富有。 If only it would stop raining. 真希望雨能停。 If only I had gone by taxi. 假若我是乘计程车去的就好了 /be at home in/with: eel comfortable in a place or with a person e.g. Make yourself at home! 不要拘束。 After a while we began to feel at home with each other. 过了一会儿，我们互相之 间就无拘无束了。 stretch out: to put out your hand, foot etc in order to reach something e.g. 1. The little boy stretched out his arm to take the candies on the top of the shelf. 这个小男孩伸出手臂去拿放在架子最上面的糖果。 2. She stretched her neck up to find her lost sister in the crowd. 她伸长脖子去寻找她走失在人群中的妹妹。 for the most part: usually; in general; used to say that something is generally true but not completely true e.g. For the most part, she is a well-behaved child. 她在大多数情况下是个很乖的孩子。 For the most part, people seemed pretty friendly. 大多数情况下，人们似乎很友好 t of: (esp. in negative sentences) admit sth. as possible e.g. The situation does not permit of delay. 情势刻不容缓。 haunt: n. a place that someone likes to go to often e.g. The library is a favorite haunt of college students. 图书馆是大学生们常去的地方。 a haunt of criminals 罪犯的老窝 英国乡村 如果只考虑这个岛国的自然地势，绝大多数英国人感到 生活在低地比生活在高地要舒适得多。人们心中喜爱的英国 乡村是在山谷里，从山上可以俯瞰它的全貌，并簇拥在古代 的教堂周围；同样，这个国家的人们对农场的普遍概念也是 山谷地里宽敞的家园，绿树成荫。广阔的田野延伸开去，就 像张开的双手接受阳光普照，不远处还有潺潺流水的小溪。 在英格兰，周边总有小河流淌；按照欧洲大陆的标准，我们 的河流多半小得不起眼，但就因为如此，人们才对它们感到 亲切。当然，它们不像莱茵河、多瑙河、伏尔加河那样，有 许多民歌为之歌唱，但至少它们能供孩子嬉水，能让农夫时 常在那儿抓鲑鱼。人们还能在这儿找到家常的活计，诸如打 捞水田芥，种柳枝编篮子；虽说那些曾经靠他们而转动磨坊 车轮如今已沉静且布满野草，人们仍旧在夏日的傍晚倾靠在 拦河坝上观望燕子在桥下掠过清澈的河水。这些河流虽不起 眼，却在不经意地而又切切实实地影响着周围居民的生活。 英国乡村 有一段时间我住在科斯伍德西部的一间茅草房里。 我花园前面的牧场，春天就是一个长满黄花九轮草的 花园，夏天则是对叶兰和其它青草被割之后的长居之 地。它一直延伸到塞汶河谷。站在家门口，越过低地 我可以欣赏那一边是莫尔文山，另一边是威尔士山脉 的果园和牧场。远处那绿色的山脊时常为云雾所遮盖， 但那小河流向宽阔、多泥的河口， 我总是能够看得清 清楚楚。日子年复一年，塞汶河已成为我赏景的一部 分，甚至是我意识中的一部分。 Comprehension work (Questions for discussion ) 1. Where do the majority of Englishmen prefer to live? 2. What is the popular idea of an English village? 3. What is the general conception of an English farm? 4. Compare with rivers on the Continent, what are the English rivers like? Comprehension work (Questions for discussion ) 5. How do these rivers influence the lives of people who live near them? 6. Where did the writer once live? 7. What could he see from his doorway? 8. Why couldn’t he see the mountains in the distance? 9. Could he always follow the course of the Severn with his eyes? 10. What effect did the Severn produce on the writer? Language work (A, p. 66) 1. subjects, course, ample 2. stretch out, overlook, lowland 3. valley, clustered, occupations 4. homestead, sheltered 5. farm-hands, haunt 6. influenced, subtle, consciousness Language work (B, p.66) 1. When we lived in the country, we had a commodious house. 2. Each individual's contribution to the fund seemed insignificant, but the total sum was very large indeed. 3. Many women in the countryside still carry on such homely crafts as making jam and weaving baskets. 4. I could not fully understand the lecture because the speaker made a number of subtle distinctions. Language work (B, p.66) 5. A poet often has the ability to convey to his readers his own sensuous experiences. 6. When the birds were set free, they flew out of the cage and looked very much at home in the trees. 7. The rainforest in this tropical area is for the most part dark and wet. 8. The new software permits faster processing of data by the computer. Language work (C, p.67) 1. a. Shewas born in the US, but she is essentially more Chinese than American. b. Richard is essentially a soft, caring person, although he looks quite tough. c. John is essentially more a scholar than a politician. Language work (C, p.67) 2. a. After the accident, she became more or less handicapped, and lost her job in the factory. b. The new student seems more or less familiar with the subject, so let him join the discussion. c. The children in the mountainous village grow up more or less in freedom. Language work (C, p.67) 3. a. Judged by national standards, the so-called "Great Hotel” is only a small inn. b. Judged by modern moral standards, Songjiang's reconciliation with the government is sensible in some aspects. c. Judged by Chinese standards, these rivers are only small creeks. Language work (C, p.67) 4. a. Some new scientific advances may have unpleasant side effects, as in the case of the nuclear radioactivity. b. Some big rivers are often regarded as the origins of human civilization, as in the case of the Huanghe River and the Nile. c. Many scientific discoveries come out in dreams, as in the case of the sewing machine. Language work (C, p.67) 5. a. Walking down the road, we can see sharply contrasting views, tall and new buildings on the one hand, old and shabby houses on the other. b. Looking out of the window, you can see snowy mountains on the one hand and an icy river on the other. c. Going through the students writing, the teacher discovered how creative the students were on the one hand, but how poor their basic writing skills were on the other. Language work (C, p.67) 6. a. Nobody would mind the lecture being interrupted with interesting questions from time to time. b. We would stop and ask for directions from time to time, as we were in a new city. c. The white sails of the fishing boats are obscured from time to time by mist and cloud. Part III Extended Activities Dictation Read more Grammar work Word formation Vocabulary work Translation Part III Extended Activities Dictation Read more Grammar work Word formation Vocabulary work Translation Dictation Script of the Dictation There is no place like the English countryside for those who love it: its firm yet gentle lines of hills and valleys, its ordered confusion of features, its parks and lowland, its ancient castles and houses, its cottages and churches, its farms and trees, its pools and ponds and shining rivers – all present a peaceful and lovely sight. Much of the countryside is of course farmland but there are often paths through the fields, called public footpaths, which you can walk along. It is good for people to walk through such a land, forgetting for a time all the worries of the world, and become just happy wanderers in a world of pleasant breezes and song-birds and shady trees. Read more Choose the best answer 1.b 2. b 3.c 4.a 5.c Topic for discussion 1. What is the nature of a true village? 2. What causes the change of the nature of the village? 3. Is the change for the better or worse in your opinion? Grammar work 1. Original: I want to buy a thriller because I love to be excited and thrilling in reading. Correct: I want to buy a thriller because I love to be excited and thrilled in reading. 2. Original: Everybody is pleased to the results. Correct: Everybody is pleased at the results. 3. Original: The old lady was really shocking at the terrible mess in the house. Correct: The old lady was really shocked at the terrible mess in the house. Grammar work 4. Original: It is quite annoyed to interrupt one’s talk. Correct: It is quite annoying to interrupt one’s talk. 5. Original: Local people are disturbing at the news that a wild animal is still at large. Correct: Local people are disturbed at the news that a wild animal is still at large. 6. Original: Are you satisfactory with the design of the new product? Correct: Are you satisfied with the design of the new product? Grammar work 7. Original: Shakespeare is known with his famous plays. Correct: Shakespeare is known for his famous plays. 8. Original: The speaker was bored – you could see it on the faces of the audience. Correct: The speaker was boring – you could see it on the faces of the audience. 9. Original: Researchers were disappointing at the result of the test. Correct: Researchers were disappointed at the result of the test. 9. Original: Her remarks were rather confused. Correct: Her remarks were rather confusing. Word formation Answers: fascinating determined boring, amused embarrassed, telling worried Vocabulary work Answers for reference Towns The countryside Historic, magnificent, lively, Picturesque, hilly, pastoral, elegant, beautiful, packed, rural, beautiful, quiet, crowded, filthy, bustling, tranquil, rustic, spacious, shabby, run-down, deserted, deserted, shabby, historic, picturesque lively, magnificent Translation 1. Her bedroom has large windows overlooking a beautiful lake. 2. He collapsed into the armchair, stretching out his legs in front of him. 3. I simply could not live there; it rained day in and day out when I went there on holiday. 4. A dry warehouse is important especially in the case of these medicines. 5. The people in this village, for the most part, are quiet and well behaved. 6. We tend to get cold winters and warm, dry summers in this part of the country. 7. It’s a simple dish to prepare, consisting mainly of beef and vegetable.
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