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									     United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




             On the Road to Athens

African Ministerial Positions on IG during WSIS

     18–21 September 2006, Cairo, Egypt



                     Makane Faye
     United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
                       Outline
• Accra Commitments for Tunis 2005, Accra 4
  February 2005
• Dakar Declaration on Internet Governance,
  Dakar 6 September 2005
• The African Regional Action Plan (ARAPKE),
  Geneva, 21 September 2005
• African Common Position on Internet
  Governance, Part 5 of Chair’s Paper, Prepcom3,
  Geneva, 28 September 2005
• African Common Position on Internet
  Governance, “Food for Thought”, Report by Sub-
  committee B of the African Group on Parts 4-6
  of the Document, Tunis 13 November 2005
• Recommendations of the IG Post WSIS Training
  Course, Addis Ababa, 6 July 2006
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




African Position during the African
Regional Preparatory Conference
          for the WSIS

     Accra, 4 February 2005
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


Accra Commitments                                 1/3
 Special attention should be given to the
  composition and the role of the present
  Internet governing body with a view to
  ensuring its legitimacy as a fully
  representative authority

 Africa should participate actively in
  international organizations dealing with
  Internet Governance. In this regard special
  attention should be given by international
  bodies dealing with Internet Governance to
  the needs and interests of the developing
  and least developing countries
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

Accra Commitments                                   2/3
 Special attention should be paid to the
  Integration of African Languages and to
  multilingualism in the Internet

 Internet Governance aspects should
  mainstreamed in the establishment of
  national and regional e-strategic plans

 An appropriate participatory management of
  the Internet should include all stakeholders
  (Government, private sector, civil society,
  and intergovernmental organizations)
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

Accra Commitments                                  3/3
• Appropriate regulatory frameworks should
  be established to deal with public policy
  issues related to Internet Infrastructure and
  Applications (e-commerce, spam, cyber-
  security, privacy, etc.) and to enable the
  implementation of national, sub-regional and
  regional Internet exchange points and
  relevant technical regional institutions (Ex:
  AfriNic)

• Efforts should be made so that all CCTLDs
  are managed by respective countries
   United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




African Common Position on IG
adopted byAfrican ICT Ministers

   Dakar, 6 September 2005
     United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

  The Dakar Declaration                              1/ 4
The Conference adopts, as follows:
• The establishment of a global consultation
  framework to review in depth the general
  policies on Internet Governance We recognize
  the efforts deployed by the initiators of the
  Internet, and the need to guarantee a stable
  and secure operation of this efficient tool for
  Humanity
• The expansion and reinforcement of the
  existing institutions for Internet Governance to
  enable all stakeholders to participate and ensure
  Internet Governance is efficient, accountable,
  and democratic, and that Internet services and
  resources are distributed in an equitable manner
  among all actors and all continents
        United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

  The Dakar Declaration                                    2/ 4
The Conference also recommends:
• Reinforcement of the role of the Government
   Advisory Committee (GAC) of Internet Corporation
   for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in all
   Internet Public policy development issues;
• Internationalisation of root sever management;
• African Member States should set up root server
   instances to facilitate access;
• Setting up of a regional high speed Internet
   backbone allowing the creation of national, sub
   regional and regional Internet exchange points
• Participation of specialized African institutions in
   technical Internet Governance bodies;
          United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

    The Dakar Declaration                                    3/ 4
•    Reinforcement       of     the     Internet    Resource
     Management         Institution,      African    Network
     Information Centre (AFRINIC), to guarantee the
     region’s independence in Internet resources;
•    Establishment in Africa of a reference framework
     for building a multi-stakeholder partnership at the
     national, regional and continental level, based on the
     basic principles of digital solidarity and in conformity
     with the spirit and provisions of New Partnership for
     Africa’s Development (NEPAD);
•    Contribution of African countries to the Digital
     Solidarity Fund (DSF) and utilisation of the Fund for
     building capacity, in particular for women and young
     people, and financing Internet-related projects in
     Africa;
         United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

    The Dakar Declaration                                   4/ 4
•    Implementation of programmes that guarantee the
     presence of African languages on the Internet and
     use of free and open source software in order to
     fight against the linguistic digital divide and ensure
     the participation of all in the emerging new society;
•    As stipulated by the African Information Society
     Initiative (AISI), each African Member State will
     create a national organ responsible for the
     promotion and development of the Information
     Society as well as knowledge sharing. These organs
     should be coordinated at the regional and
     continental levels;
•    The creation of Centres of Excellence around Africa
     for capacity development.
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




The African Regional Action Plan on
the Knowledge Economy (ARAPKE)
     adopted during Prepcom3

   Geneva, 21 September 2005
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


ARAPKE confirmed the Accra
Commitments and the Dakar Declaration
• In addition ARAPKE underlined the following
  Action Lines which were agreed upon:
• Setting up Regional and Sub regional
  Governance Instances
• Developing Legal Framework on e-commerce
- Operationalizing Digital Transaction & Security
- Combating Spam
- Establishing Internet Exchange Points
- Providing support to AfriNic & other relevant
  Networks
- Enabling management of CCTLDs by countries
   United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




African Common Position on IG
   adopted during Prepcom3

 Geneva, 28 September 2005
     United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


African Position at Prepcom3                            1/ 5
 Part 5 of Chair’s Paper

 • We recognize the efforts deployed by the
   initiators of the Internet, and the need to
   guarantee a stable and secure operation of
   this efficient tool for Humanity

 • We are also convinced that there is a
   need for a progressive process towards a
   new transparent democratic and multilateral
   framework for governments, private sector,
   civil society and international organizations in
   Internet governance
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


African Position at Prepcom3                           2/ 5

 • We further recommend a
   progressive approach which aims to set
   up an efficient, transparent and
   democratic mechanism and ensure
   equitable resources distribution leading
   to internationalized multi stakeholder
   oversight functions of the Internet
   public policy in particular with the
   following actions:
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


African Position at Prepcom3                           3/ 5
    To ensure the role of Governments in
     decision making with regard to all Internet
     Public policy development issues

    The reinforcement of the Internet Regional
     Resource Management Institution, to
     ensure regional autonomy in Internet
     resources management

    The Internationalization of root server
     management
     United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


African Position at Prepcom3                             4/5
    The strengthening of the participation of
     specialized institutions from developing
     countries in the technical management
     and standardization Internet bodies

 • We support the establishment of a global
   consultation forum, to review in depth the
   general policies on Internet Governance.
   Such a framework should facilitate
   participation for all stakeholders. We call
   upon the UN Secretary General to organize
   the forum before the end of the first quarter
   of 2006
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)


African Position at Prepcom3                            5/5

 • We Call for the follow up of this
   progressive multi stakeholder approach
   which should be in the context of the
   relevant international institutions, and
   coordinated under the UN system
   United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




African Common Position on IG
 adopted during Prepcom3 bis

  Tunis, 13 November 2005
        United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

 African Position at Prepcom3 bis 1/2
  After recalling decisions taken during the first meeting
  of Prepcom3, the African Group reemphasized the
  following position on “Document WSIS-II/PC-3/DT/15-
  E”, Section 5 of the Chair’s Food four Thought:

• 62. We recognize the efforts deployed by the
  initiators of the Internet, and the need to
  guarantee a stable and secure operation of this
  efficient tool for Humanity. We are also
  convinced that there is a need for a progressive
  process towards a new transparent democratic and
  multilateral framework for governments, private
  sector, civil society and international organizations
         United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

  African Position at Prepcom3 bis 2/3
• 63. We further recommend a progressive approach
  which aims to set up an efficient, transparent and
  democratic mechanism and ensure equitable
  resources distribution leading to internationalized multi
  stakeholder oversight functions of the Internet public
  policy in particular with the following actions:
To ensure the role of Governments in decision
  making with regard to all Internet Public policy
  development issues;
The reinforcement of the Internet Regional
  Resource Management Institution, to ensure regional
  autonomy in Internet resources management;
The Internationalization of root server
  management;
        United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

 African Position at Prepcom3 bis 3/3
 The strengthening of the participation of specialized
  institutions from developing countries in the technical
  management and standardization Internet bodies.

• 64. We support the establishment of a global
  consultation forum, to review in depth the general
  policies on Internet Governance. Such a framework
  should facilitate participation for all stakeholders. We
  call upon the UN Secretary General to organize the
  forum before the end of the first quarter of 2006.
65. We Call for the follow up of this progressive multi
  stakeholder approach which should be in the context
  of the relevant international institutions, and
  coordinated under the UN system.
        United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

                   Towards IGF
 When adopting a position towards Athens, African
  Governments and Stakeholders should take into
  account:
 Earlier positions, which were used by the continent
  to negotiate with other continents and put forward its
  agenda and concerns
 The Tunis outcome on Internet Governance
 Make sure that the Athens Forum is geared towards
  developmental issues, is inclusive, caters for cultural
  diversity, freedom of expression and guarantees
  equitable       access     to   Internet    Resources,
  infrastructure, applications and relevant content for
  African countries, as well as IPR concerns
      United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)




   Thank you for your attention


               mfaye@uneca.org
           http://www.uneca.org/aisi
Telephone: +251 11 5514534; Fax: +251 11 5510512

								
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