Regular comparatives and superlatives Comparatives and Superlatives are special forms of adjectives. They are used to compare two or more things. Generally, comparatives are formed using -er and superlatives are formed using -est. Forming regular comparatives and superlatives How to use comparatives and superlatives Comparatives and superlatives Tip: The best way to be certain whether the comparative and superlative forms of a particular adjective or adverb are formed by the -er/-est endings or by the words more/most is to consult a college dictionary. If there are no comparative and superlative forms listed with the endings, then that word takes more/most. Some comparatives and superlatives have irregular forms: Irregular forms Positive Comparative Superlative Good Better Best Well Better Best Bad Worse Worst Far Farther/Further Farthest/Furthest Little Less Least Many More Most Much More Most Some More Most Adverbs: Badly Worse Worst Ill Worse Worst Well Better Best Double comparative or superlative Be careful not to create a double comparative or superlative. Examples: Adjective - comparative: incorrect - Today is more colder than yesterday. correct - Today is colder than yesterday. (The day can be either colder or not, it cannot be more colder.) Adverb - superlative: incorrect - She is the most fastest runner. correct - She is the fastest runner. (She is either the fastest runner or she is not, she cannot be the most fastest.) Some adjectives and adverbs do not have comparatives or superlatives because they are already absolute in meaning: Examples: unique, Roman, dead, favorite, empty. incorrect: The tour guide was very French. The tour guide has to be either a French person or not, so cannot be described as "very" French. incorrect: The antique was the most unique. Unique means one of a kind. Something cannot be more one of a kind than it already is. incorrect: This is my most favourite toy. Again, favourite means something you like above all others. If it is your favourite, how can it be any more so than it already is?
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