The Book of Ruth
The story of love and loyalty
• Who are the main people in the book of Ruth?
(Click on the name to find out if the person is a
main character or not)
Definitely a main character. His name
means “strong” or “powerful”. He is the
prince-charming in the story who marries
a young Moabite widow.
Find out who this young widow is.
Not a main character except for the fact that
He is in control of all things and allowed
all that happened in this story to happen.
• Not a main character as he was not born
yet, however, Boaz and what he does
symbolizes what Jesus did for us as our
• Comes from the family line of Ruth and
• Not a main character
• A descendent of Boaz.
• Jesus’s earthly father.
• Nope, sorry, Kilion is only a minor
• Naomi’s son – married to Orpah
• His name means “used-up”
• Died early in the story (Ruth 1:3)
• Nope, sorry once again. Mahlon is only a
• Name means “sickness”
• Like his brother Kilion, he died early in the
story (Ruth 1:3)
• Was Naomi’s son
• Married to Ruth
• Absolutely a main character.
• Her name means “pleasant”.
• Her husband (Elimelech – means “my God is
King”) and two sons die when they are in a
foreign land. She is left to fend for herself.
• She changes her name to Marah which means
“bitter” after the death of her loved ones.
• Her daughter-in-law ends up following her back
to Israel from Moab.
• Most definitely the main character.
• The book is her love story.
• Her name means “beautiful” or “lovely”
• She ends up following her mother-in-law
back to Israel rather than stay in her own
country of Moab and finds her “prince
• Find out how far apart these two places
are from each other.
• Naomi and her husband and two sons
moved from Bethlehem to Moab.
• Read Ruth 1:1 to find out why they
• If you remember, most places in Biblical history
are named because of the people who lived
• The country of Moab were the descendants of
Lot’s son (Abraham’s nephew) who was born to
his eldest daughter after Sodom and Gomorrah
• These people didn’t worship the LORD.
• Map of Moab
Map of Moab
• Moab is to the east
(right of the Dead
• Bethlehem is to the
west of the Dead Sea, Bethlehem
south of Jerusalem.
Read Ruth 1:1 to find out the time that the
story of Ruth occurs.
What Happened? - Introduction
• Read Ruth 1:2-6 to find out why Naomi
wanted to go back to Bethlehem.
• Read Ruth 1:7-17 to find out how Ruth
ended up leaving all she knew (family,
friends, religion, culture) to go from Moab
to Bethlehem with Naomi.
• Read Ruth 1:18-22 to find out when
Naomi and Ruth arrived in Bethlehem.
Some Cultural Background
• In Bible times, women relied upon their
husbands to take care of their needs.
When a woman’s husband dies, the
husband’s closest relative (usually the
brother) was to take the woman as his
wife so that she would be taken care of
and to carry on the family line and
What Happened? – They Meet
• Who you ask? Well of course
Ruth and Boaz.
• Ruth 2:1 says Boaz was a man
of “standing”. What do you
think that means?
• Who is Boaz related to?
• How do they meet? What was
Ruth doing? How do you think
she felt when she met Boaz?
What did Boaz allow her to
do?(Read Ruth 2:2-10)
• Cultural background
More Cultural Background
• You may be thinking why does she have to
glean the fields. (What does glean mean
• Well according to tradition, the poor, the
widows, and strangers to the area were allowed
to glean the fields if the owner let them In this
way they were able to eat.
• Ruth was both a widow and poor, as her only
family was Naomi, who was also a widow and
had no one to provide for her. Ruth was taking
care of Naomi.
What Happened? Continued
• What else do you learn about Boaz’s
character in Ruth 2:11-16?
• What did Naomi think of what happened
to Ruth? Read Ruth 2:17-23 to find out.
More Cultural Background
• Read Ruth 2:20. What term does Naomi
give to Boaz, her close relative?
• This term refers to a close family member
who is to protect and provide for his
relative’s widow. This family member
would marry the widow and carry on the
widow’s dead husband’s name and
The Plot Thickens
• What questions do you have so far?
• What do you think is going to happen?
• Why are we even studying this story?
• Is there more than meets the eye?
• Let’s continue the story and find out!
The Story Continues
• What did Naomi ask Ruth
to do in Ruth 3:1-6?
• How did Ruth respond to
• What do you think the
purpose of her instructions
Boaz - the Kinsman Redeemer?
• Read Ruth 3:7-18.
• More cultural background.
• What did Ruth do?
• What does the spreading of Boaz’s
garment over her mean?
• How did Boaz react to Ruth?
• You may be asking yourself what is
happening here. Well Ruth is basically
asking Boaz to marry her. In verse 9,
when she asks him to spread the corner of
his garment over her, is a symbolic
gesture of asking for protection. If he
does, then he is giving her his protection,
which in turn means marriage.
Stop and Think
• What do you think is going to happen next
between Ruth and Boaz?
Will Boaz be the Kinsman Redeemer?
• Read Ruth 4:1-11 to find out.
• What does Boaz ask his brother, the kinsman
redeemer to do?
• More about the Kinsman-Redeemer.
• Does Boaz’s brother do what Boaz asks? Why or
why not? When the kinsman redeemer marries
his brother’s widow, what is he responsible for?
• What did the Israelites do to finalize the
redemption and transfer of property between
More about Kinsman Redeemer
• In order to be a kinsman redeemer:
– He must be a kinsman, a relative.
– He must be free not a slave.
– He must be able to pay the price.
– He must be willing to pay the price.
The New Life of Boaz and Ruth
• Read Ruth 4:13-22 to
see what happens to
Ruth and Boaz.
• Do they get married?
• What did the Lord
enable Ruth to do?
• Who was Obed?
(There are a couple of
things I’m looking for)
Why is this story important to us?
• Read Matthew 1:1-16.
• What is the connection between
Ruth and Jesus?
• Think and look back at what it takes
for a person to be a kinsman-
• How is Jesus our kinsman-redeemer?
How did he fulfill each of the four
requirements of being a kinsman-
They lived happily ever after.