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					    International Workshop on Energy Statistics
    Baku, Azerbaijan, 27-30 September 2011


        Experience of Azerbaijan on
         compilation of the Energy
                  Balance
                                                        Rauf Gurbanov,
                                  Deputy Head of department of Fuel-energy
                                            and material balances statistics
                                              of State Statistical Committee
                                              of the Republic of Azerbaijan
                                                           raufg@azstat.org

1                     29 September 2011
     Previous structure of
       Energy Balance
      Item                   Balance items
    1.       Resources
    1.1       Extraction (production)
    1.2       Import
    1.3       Stock at the beginning of year
    2.       Distribution
    2.1       Consumption inside of the country
                       including:                      12 rows
    2.1.1       conversion into other type of energy
    2.1.2       production–technological and
                other needs
    2.2       Losses
    2.3       Export
    2.4       Stock at the end of year


2                          29 September 2011
    Example previous Energy Balance
               with data
        5.21 Fuel-energy balances in 2006 (thousand ton conditional fuel)

                                                                        Natural fuel
                                                                                                       Other
                                                  Fuel-                        including:             kind of
                                                 energy              crude oil, natural     other      fuel-
                                               resources-   total    including      gas               energy
                                                  total                 gas
                                                                                                     resources
                                                                     condensate
         Resources                                76 643    60 733      46 981    13 720        32      15 910
          Stock to the beginning of the
          year                                     2 593     1 842         838       997         7         751
          Production (extraction)                 68 483    53 745      46 143     7 583        19      14 738
          Import                                   5 567     5 146           -     5 140         6         421

         Divided                                  76 643    60 733      46 981    13 720        32      15 910
           Domestic сonsumption                   32 786    22 475      10 799    11 654        22      10 311
           conversion of energy (electricity
           and heating)                            7 993     6 058           -     6 058         -       1 935
           as raw material                        11 899    11 082      10 705       377         -         817
           other needs                            12 894     5 335          94     5 219        22       7 559
         Losses                                    1 413       934         219       715         -         479
         Export                                   40 054    35 568      35 493        75         -       4 486
         Stock to the end of the year              2 390     1 756         470     1 276        10         634



3                                              29 September 2011
                  Shortages of previous
                    Energy Balance
       Having no analog in the international sphere;
       Absent of transformation sector, re-accounting of data;
       Non-application of consumption principles on several
        consumption groups;
       Non-coverage of all energy products
       Absent of commodity balance conversion factors (TOE)
        applied in international practice;
       Non-calculation of “statistical difference” indicator
        characterizing energy balance data quality;
       Data flows, but not energy flows.



4                               29 September 2011
    Steps for creating structure of
      National Energy Balance

                                                                  Submitted to Cabinet Ministries
                                                                        (December, 2007)

                                                      Agreement structure of balance with
                                                      all relation government organization
                                                                (December, 2007)

                                          Reference from IEA, seminars,
                                       discussion, creating of working group
                                                    (2007-2008)

                      Creating of model of energy balance
                             on the base of Eurostat
                                ( February, 2007)

      Learning of structure of
    balance of IEA and Eurostat
            (2006-2007)
5
            Methodological basis of Energy
                     Balance:
           İnternational:
           Energy Statistics Manual. OECD/IEA, 2004;
           Methodological documents attached to questionnaire received from Eurostat, IEA, JODI and other
            international organizations;
           International Recommendations for Energy Statistics. UN New York, 2011;
           etc.

           National:
           Methodological recommendation on energy statistics (2008);
           Methodological recommendation on indicators system and calculation of the indicators (2009,2010);
           Methodological explanations on compilation of energy and commodity balances (2008, 2010)
           National conversion factors (2008)
           Classification of energy products (2011)
           etc.



6                                              29 September 2011
          Purpose of energy balance (1)

    Main purposes on working out of energy balance:
       To achieve more transparency and effectiveness of energy sector applying
        international statistics standards in the country;
       To determine the development trends of energy sector to make statistical
        application and analysis of changes and inclinations taken place in production
        and consumption structure of energy products;
       To provide the country government with essential statistical information on
        compilation of national Energy balance, making decisions on energy fields
        for the next years.




7                                   29 September 2011
           Purpose of energy balance (2)
    Moreover, the energy balance is a multipurpose tool to:
       Enhance the relevance of energy statistics by providing comprehensive and reconciled data on the energy
        situation on a national territory basis;
       Provide comprehensive information on the energy supply and demand on the national territory in order to
        understand the energy security situation, the effective functioning of energy markets and other relevant
        policy goals, as well as to formulate energy policies;
       Serve as a quality tool to ensure completeness, consistency and comparability of basic statistics;
       Ensure comparability between different reference periods and between different countries;
       Provide data for estimation of CO2 emissions with respect to national territory;
       Provide the basis for indicators of the energy’s role in the country’s economy;
       Calculate efficiencies of transformation processes occurring in the country (e.g., refining, electricity
        production by combustion of fuels, etc.);
       Calculate the relative shares of the supply/consumption of various products (including renewable versus
        non-renewable) of the country’s total supply/consumption;
       Provide an input for modeling and forecasting.



8                                              29 September 2011
    Structural divisions taken part in compilation of
    Energy balance in the State Statistical Committee

                                               Working group of development of
                                                   Energy Statistics in SSC
                                              (methodological recomendations and
                                                       quality control)

             Department of Industry,                                                Department of Trade statistics
          transport and communication
                     statistics                                                          (Import and export)
        (Production and transfer of energy
                    products)




                                                   Department of Fuel-energy
                                                 and material balances statistics
                                             (Transformation and communication of
                                                       energy products)
                                                              and
                                              COMPILATION ENERGY BALANCE




9                                            29 September 2011
           National conversion factors
           Net Calorific Values for some energy products
                                                 Net Calorific Values (Gj/metric tons)
     №      Kind of energy products             By Azerbaijan              By world
                                            Lower          Upper       Lower        Upper
      1.   Crude oil                         43,1           45,3        40,1         44,8
      2.   Gasoline                          43,2           46,3        42,5         44,8
      3.   Aviation gasoline                 43,4           46,5        42,5         44,8
      4.   Jet fuel                          43,2           46,2        42,0         44,8
      5.   Diesel oil                        42,7           45,5        41,4         43,3
      6.   Kerosene                          43,1           46,1        42,4         45,0
      7.   Fuel oil (low-sulphur)            42,5           45,4        39,8         41,7
      8.   Fuel oil (high-sulphur)           41,2           43,8        39,8         41,7
      9.   Natural gas (cubic meter)         35,9           38,9        36,0        39,02
     10.   LPG                               47,4           52,4        44,8         52,2



10                                     29 September 2011
     Questionnaires for formation of
            Energy Balance:

      1.    06-extraction          Data on extraction of crude oil and natural gas
      2.    6-TG hydro             Report on work of hydro electric station
      3.    19-refinery            Data on production refinery oil products
      4.    35-production          Data on production refinery qas products
      5.    5-energy               Data on input and transfer of oil and refinery oil products
      6.    1-balance (oil)        Data on balance of crude oil
      7.    1-oil products         Data on balance of oil products
      8.    4-energy               Data on consumption and transformation of oil products
      9.    9-energy               Data on resource of hydro and electrical energy
      10.   2-gas                  Receiving and distribution of natural gas
      11.   1-energy (household)   Fuel and energy consumption of housholds




11                                     29 September 2011
     Questionnaires for formation of
            Energy Balance:
      Production
         primary production                          06-extraction; 6-TG hydro
         petroleum and other secondary energy pro.   19-refinery; 35-refinery
      Import-export                                  State Custom Committee
                                                     4-energy; 1-oil products
      International bunkers                          4-energy
      Stock changes                                  4-energy, 1-refinery
      Transfers                                      5-energy, 4-energy
      Transformation processes
          crude oil                                  1-balance (oil)
          other energy products                      4-energy (II section)
      Energy industry own use                        4-enerji (III section)
      Losses
         crude oil                                   1-balance (oil)
         natural gas                                 2-gas
         electricity                                 9-energy
         other energy products                       4-energy
      Final consumption*
         energy porposes                             4-energy (II section), 1-energy (household)
         non-energy porposes                         4-energy (II section)


12                                       29 September 2011
     Formation of Energy Balance

      Commodity balances



                           Conversion factors



                                                Energy balance



13                         29 September 2011
             Structure of Energy Balance

         International standards – UNSD (previous Eurostat model)
        Coverage of basic energy products (23 types and 5 groups
         of products) – 28 columns
        Motion of products from energy formation to final
         consumption (50 rows)
         –   “Top block” Energy supply (8 rows)
         –   “Middle block” Transfers, energy transformation, energy industry own use
         –                   and losses (12 rows)
         –   “Bottom block” Final consumption (29 rows)
         –   “Statistical differences” (in 2 row)


14                                     29 September 2011
     Energy Balance of Azerbaijan (flows)

     “Top block”- Energy supply
                                B                       C

             Primary production                       1.1
             Imports                                  1.2
             Exports                                  1.3
             International Bunkers                    1.4     8 rows
               International marine bunkers           1.4.1
               International aviation bunkers         1.4.2
             Stock changes (closing-opening stocks)   1.5
            Total energy supply                        1


15                           29 September 2011
      Energy balance of Azerbaijan (flows)

     “The middle block”.
         Transfers                                     3
         Transformation processes                      4
          Electricity plants                          4.1
          CHP plants                                  4.2
          Heat plants                                 4.3
          Gas works                                   4.4   12 rows
          Blast furnaces                              4.5
          Oil refineries                              4.6
          Petrochemical plants                        4.7
          Other transformation processes              4.8
         Energy industries own use                     5
         Losses                                        6

16                                29 September 2011
      Energy balance of Azerbaijan (flows)
     “The bottom block”. Final consumption
                Final consumption                                                  7
                Final energy consumption                                          7.1
                 Manufacturing, const. and non-fuel mining industries, Total     7.1.1
                   Iron and steel                                               7.1.1.1
                   Chemical and petrochemical                                   7.1.1.2
                   Non-ferrous metal                                            7.1.1.3
                   Non-metallic minerals                                        7.1.1.4
                   Transport equipment                                          7.1.1.5
                   Machinery                                                    7.1.1.6
                   Mining and quarrying                                         7.1.1.7
                   Food and tobacco                                             7.1.1.8
                   Paper, pulp and print                                        7.1.1.9
                  Wood and wood products (Other than pulp and paper)           7.1.1.10
                  Textile and leather
                  Construction
                                                                               7.1.1.11
                                                                               7.1.1.12
                                                                                          29 rows
                  Industries not elsewhere specified                           7.1.1.13
                 Transport, total                                                7.1.2
                    Road                                                        7.1.2.1
                    Rail                                                        7.1.2.2
                    Domestic aviation                                           7.1.2.3
                    Domestic navigation                                         7.1.2.4
                    Pipeline transport                                          7.1.2.5
                    Transport not elsewhere specified                           7.1.2.6
                 Other, total                                                    7.1.3
                    Agriculture, forestry and fishing                           7.1.3.1
                    Commerce and public services                                7.1.3.2

17                  Households
                     Not elsewhere –specified
                                                                                7.1.3.3
                                                                                7.1.3.4
                  Non-energy use                                                  7.2
      Energy balance of Azerbaijan (flows)

     “Statistical differences”
       In the energy balance, the statistical difference is the numerical
       difference between the total supply of a energy product and the total use
       of it. It is presented in line 2 of the energy balance.

                       Total energy supply              1
                       Statistical differences          2
                       Transfers                        3




18                                  29 September 2011
     Products of Energy balance (columns)


                                                                                                                         Electrical
                                                  Natural
                                 Energy                                  Oil                     Total                    energy
                                          Crude   bitumen   Refinery            Natural Derived          other   Derived
                          №     products,                             products,                 renew.                    (termal
                                           oil       and    feedstock            gas      gas            fuels    heat
                                  total                                 total                   Energy                     power
                                                  asphalt
                                                                                                                            stat.)



               B          C        1       2        3          4      5-17      18      19     20-25      26       27       28

     Primary production   1.1




19
           Further steps on improvement
                of Energy Balance:
     –   To accept the new recommendations on the basis of International Recommendations for Energy
         Statistics which is considered as unique methodology on energy statistics;
     –   To conduct the “sample survey on Energy consumption of natural persons (private owners)” for
         the purpose of indication of energy products consumed by natural persons by the sectors in final
         consumption sector of energy;
     –   To prepare the methodological explanations on estimation of unobserved part in the sector of
         energy balance final consumption, as well as data on households and private owners;
     –   To prepare new indicators by training of advanced experiences in energy statistics;
     –   To prepare the methodological conception on the system of statistical processes management
         regarding to energy statistics and energy balance compilation;
     –   To prepare the metadata system on reports applied in energy statistics;
     –   To continue the constant improvement of data quality;
     –   Etc.




20
     International Workshop on Energy Statistics
       Baku, Azerbaijan, 27-30 September 2011




        Thank you for attention!



21                     29 September 2011

				
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