Teaching notes of unit 4 by dffhrtcv3


									Teaching notes of unit 4
Section A

   How to Make a Good
         Study Aims
1. To master some key words and
2. Learn some w Homework assignment
ays to make good impression on others.
3. To grasp the reading skill and writing
4. To review some grammar.
     Language points
1. Research shows we make up our minds
about people through unspoken
communication within seven seconds of
Homework assignment meeting them. (Para.
Meaning: "Research shows within the f
Homework assignment irst seven seconds
when we meet someone, we form our opinion
about him or her through nonverbal
make up our minds about people: “form
our opinions about people”. The phrase
“make up one‘s mind” also means
“decide”. For example,
I haven’t made up my mind where to go
yet. 我还没决定去哪儿。
At the age of 8 she made up her mind to
become a doctor. 她8岁时就打定主意要
Consciously or unconsciously, we
show our true feelings with our eyes,
faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a
chain of reactions, ranging from
comfort to fear. (Para. 1)
Meaning: "Whether we are aware of, or
unaware of it, we use our eyes, faces, bodies
and attitudes to express our feelings. This
causes a sequence of various reactions from
comfort to fear."
consciously: ad. in a way you are aware of
conscious: a. realizing something; or fully
awake; knowing what is happening around
The children were conscious of their
mother‘s unhappiness. 孩子们意识到自己母亲
He was badly hurt, but he remained
conscious. 他伤得很重,但仍未失去知觉。
    ...causing a chain of
    reactions...(Para. 1)
The phrase "causing a chain of reactions,
ranging from comfort to fear." is an
adverbial of result, used to describe the
result of "show our true feelings..."
"a chain of something" means a
sequence of them happening one after
for example,
a chain of events 一系列事件
a chain of accidents 一系列的意外事故
a chain of thoughts 一连串的想法
a chain of bad luck 一连串倒霉的事情
...ranging from comfort
    to fear. (Para. 1)
The expression "ranging from
comfort to fear" means reactions
that include both of the opposites
'comfort' and 'fear' and anything in
range from: occur between certain
limits or "to put things in rows;
order in a line or lines".
 For example,
There are 80 students whose ages ranged
from 20 to 40. 80位学生年龄从20岁到40岁不等。
Prices range from $10 to $25. 价格从10美元到
range: v. put things in rows; order in a line or
He had ranged the bottles from small to
large in rows against the wall. 他把瓶子从小到大
range: n. a choice; a variety; or the distance
over which an object can be sent or thrown;
the distance over which a sound can be heard,
They can take part in a wide range of free
time activities. 他们能够参加各种各样的业余活动。
We are within range of their guns. 我们正处于他
 ...an introduction to
      your future
  spouse...(Para. 2)
Please notice that introduction is
often followed by “to”.
get an introduction to a well-
known professor 介绍给一位著名的教
give me an introduction to 把我介
...an encounter with a
 stranger... (Para. 2)
encounter: n. a meeting with someone
that happens by chance
My meeting with my friend in New York
was not an expected encounter. 在纽约
An encounter between you and the
man you have hurt will not serve any
good purpose. 与那位被你弄伤的人碰面是
encounter: vt. meet or have to deal with
(sth. bad, esp. a danger or difficulty)
The President was unwilling to encounter
his judges. 总统不愿与法官们遭遇。
Even if he encounters a tiger his
thinking ability usually enables him to kill
the animal successfully. 即使他遭遇一只老虎,
Focus on the first seven seconds.
What did you think and feel?
How did you "read" the other
person? (Para. 2)
Meaning: Pay special attention to
the first seven seconds. What did
you feel and think? How did you
understand the information about
the other person?
focus on: pay attention to; have as its
main point of interest
We must focus on our sales force as
the chief means of improving trade. 作
This year our meeting focuses on the
question of children‘s rights. 今年我们的
You were committed to
what you were talking
   about...(Para. 5)
be committed to: spend one‘s time,
attention or energy on sth.
He is very committed to the cause of
language teaching. 他对于语言教学事业十分
If you want to become an actor, you
really have to commit yourself to it. 要
...and so absorbed in the
moment you lost all self-
consciousness. (Para. 5)
be absorbed (in): give all one‘s
attention (to) sth.
The artist was so absorbed in her
work that she didn’t hear her visitor
enter the room. 这位艺术家聚精会神于自
Time passes quickly when you are
absorbed in reading a good book. 当你
The structure “so + adj. /adv. +(that)”
is used to express “to such a degree as
to produce a particular result, causing a
particular situation, etc. For example,
He was so ill (that) we had to send for
a doctor. 他病得很重,我们得派人去请医生。
Many how-to books advise
 you to stride into a room
 and impress others with
 your qualities. (Para. 6)
Meaning: "Many books that offer advice on how
to make a good impression tell you to walk into
a room with quick, long steps and make others
feel admiration and respect for your good
qualities." How-to books are books offering
 impress sb. with sth.: feel admiration and
respect for sth.
 She‘s always trying to impress people with
her new clothes. 她总是试图用穿新衣给人留下印象。
 The same sentence can be rewritten with
“make an impression”:
 She’s always trying to make an impression
on people with her new clothes. 她总是试图用穿
    If you follow all this advice,
   you'll drive everyone crazy -
   including yourself. (Para. 6)
Meaning: If you act in the way the how-to
books tell you, you'll make everyone upset or
annoyed, and make yourself upset and
annoyed too.
If you say someone or something drives or
makes you or sb. crazy, you mean they make
you or sb. severely annoyed or upset.
The endless music is driving me crazy. 这没
  The trick is to be
 consistently you, at
 your best. (Para. 7)
Meaning: The skilled way is that
you always have your same
behavior, attitude and good
qualities all the time and perform
as well as you are able to.
The adjective form of “consistently”
is “consistent”, meaning “always
having the same opinions, standard,
behaviour, attitudes, qualities,” etc.
He was consistent in his
attitude. 他的态度是前后一致的。
The second statement is not
consistent with the first one. 第二
at one‘s best: performing as well or
effectively as one is able to
He was never at his best early in the
morning. 他清晨从来不在最佳状态。
At her best, she’s a really first-class
dancer. 在最佳状态时,她真是一位一流的舞
I disagree. If I did agree, I certainly
  wouldn't look at my feet or at the
ceiling. I'd keep my eye on the lion!
              (Para. 11)

  Meaning: I don't agree that entering a
  room full of people is like going into a
  lion's cage. Suppose I agreed with
  such a thought, I would not look at
  my feet or at the ceiling but look
  carefully at the lion to make sure it
  would not kill me because the lion was
  most dangerous.
Notice the emphatic use of “did” in “If I
did agree...”. Here are some more
examples of the use of “did” for added
He did tell me about it. 他的确告诉了我这
In the present tense, “do” or
“does” is used:
I do feel sorry for him. 我确实为他
A little knowledge does seem to
be a dangerous thing. 看来一知半解
Also in the sentence, please note the
use of the “if clause” to talk about
unreal situations. For example,
If he started it now, he would not finish
it in time. 就算他现在开始做,也不可能按时
If you had asked, I would have told
you. 如果你当时问了,我会告诉你的。
 Present participle indicating result and
 coordinated actions.
…we show our true feelings with our eyes,
 faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a
 chain of reactions (L13 ).
 Do exercise V. on page 80 to reinforce
 our knowledge of present participles.
Auxiliary verbs do/does /did
  used before a verb can
     indicate emphasis.
 If I did agree, I certainly wouldn't
  look at my feet or at the ceiling
  ( L41 ).
 He did tell me about it.
 They do notice the differences,.
Subjunctive mood
indicating unreal
 conditions. Eg.
    If I did agree, I certainly wouldn't
  look at my feet or at the ceiling
  ( L41 ).
    If I had to give advice in two words,
  it would be “ lighten up”.(L50)
        the structure
“so+adj/adv/ +(that)…”
This structure is used to
express “to such a degree
as to produce a particular
result, causing a particular
situations, etc. For example,
1.  … and so absorbed in the
  moment you lost all self-
  consciousness, (L20)
2.The artist was so absorbed in the
  work that she didn’t hear her visitor
  enter the room.
3.He was so ill (that) we had to send
  for a doctor.
4.Do exercise VI for reinforcement
Do text structure
analysis on p.82
 Homework assignment
1. Read fluently exs.1on p.79
2. Review the exs.
3. Recite new words & expressions
     (for the second two
1. Check homework assignment
2. Comprehension of the text on page 79
3. Do exs.iii-iv
4. Do translation
5. Structured writing
 Homework assignment
1. Preview section B
(for the third two periods)
      Section B
Reading skills
 Reading for the main
 ideas in paragraphs.
After ten-minute reading of section B,
do subsequent exercises XII and XIII.
    Language points
Key words and expressions
 snap judgment (L2), sound reasons (L3)
 instant hate (6)     common sense(L7)
 overestimate(L17), pick up (19)
A variety of (L40), be/feel at home (L40)
A wealth of (51)
Difficult sentences.
1. I liked him the minute I saw him .(L1)
  Meaning: I like him as soon as I saw him.
“ the minute (that)” is used as a conjunction to
   mean “as soon as”; other similar usages as
   “the moment(that)”, “the instant(that)”, “the
   second (that)” can be used in the same way.
Telephone me the instant (that) you get the
I loved you the moment (that) I saw you.
2.Snap judgments like “love at first sight” or
  “instant hate” if taken seriously, have usually
  been considered signs of immaturity or lack of
  common sense.(LL6-7)
3. Although speech is the most obvious form of
  communication, we do use other forms of which
  we may be only partially aware or, in some
  cases, completely unaware. (LL16-17)
4.two of most “telling”forms of behavior are
  driving a car and playing games. (L28)
1. Do those exercises in the
   comprehensive training textbook
2. Preview listening & speaking

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