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					Explorers of the New World

Countries that Funded the
        Explorers
          8     7
          6
Number of
          4              3
Explorers                        2
          2                              1
          0
              Spain   France England Portugal
                             Country
 Explorers of the New World
             Which Country Funded Their Trip?

 Spain            France       England    Portugal

   Balboa          Champlain     Drake          Cabral


Ponce de Leon      Marquette     Hudson
                    & Joliet


  Magellan          La Salle


   Cortez


   Pizarro


   de Soto


  Coronado
      Vasco Nunez BALBOA

Born: 1475
Died: 1519
Country Born In:      Spain
Country Sailed for:   Spain
Goal: Colonize the mainland of South
America
       Vasco Nunez BALBOA
Date of the Trip: 1513
Region Explored: Western side of the Gulf of
     Mexico & crossed the Isthmus of Panama
               Accomplishments:
               •1st European to see the Pacific
               Ocean from the New World.
               •Claimed Pacific Ocean for Spain
               and called it “Southern Sea.”
     Ferdinand MAGELLAN


Born: 1480
Died: 1521
Country Born In:      Portugal
Country Sailed for:   Spain
Goal: Find a route through North
       America to Asia
          Ferdinand MAGELLAN
 Date of the Trip: 1519
Region Explored: Crossed the Atlantic Ocean, around
southern end of South America, across the Pacific Ocean,
through the Indian Ocean and around Africa

Accomplishments:
•1st European expedition to
sail around the world (he
died in the Philippines)
•Named the Pacific Ocean
(“peaceful”)
       Hernando CORTEZ

Born: 1485
Died: 1547
Country Born In:      Spain
Country Sailed for:   Spain
Goal: Eager to find riches on North
American mainland.
            Hernando CORTEZ
 Date of the Trip: 1519
Region Explored:
Sailed from Cuba to
Mexico
Accomplishments:
•Conquered central and
southern Mexico
•Took control of the Aztec
capital, Tenochtitlan in
1521.
         Francisco PIZARRO


 Born: 1476
 Died: 1541

Country Born In:      Spain
Country Sailed for:   Spain
Goal: Conquer more lands and find gold
                     Francisco PIZARRO
Date of the Trip: 1524
Region Explored: Explored west coast of South America

  Accomplishments:
  •Conquered the
  Incas
  •Opened the way
  for Spain to
  colonize most of
  South America
         Juan PONCE De LEON

                Born: 1460
                Died: 1521
                   Country Born In:      Spain
                   Country Sailed for:   Spain

Goal: Discover the Fountain of Youth
            Juan PONCE De LEON
    Date of the Trip: 1513 and 1521
                   Region Explored:
                                            Bahamas
 coast of
 Florida

  Florida Keys

Accomplishments:
•Conquered Puerto Rico
•Discovered Florida (claimed for Spain) and the Gulf Stream
            Hernando de SOTO


                Born: 1500
                Died: 1542

Country Born In:      Spain
Country Sailed for:   Spain
Goal: Looking for 7 Cities of Gold
            Hernando de SOTO
Date of the Trip: 1539-1542 (4 year journey)
Region Explored: Landed in
Florida, explored southeast
US and coast line along the
Gulf of Mexico
Accomplishments:
•1st European expedition to
reach the Mississippi River
•Body sank in Mississippi
after he died from fever
                Francisco Vasquez de
                   CORONADO


Born: 1510       Country Born In: Spain
Died: 1554       Country Sailed for: Spain

Goal: He was searching for the “Seven
Cities of Gold"
  Francisco Vasquez de CORONADO
Date of the Trip: 1540-1542
Region Explored: Northern
Mexico, Southwestern US


Accomplishments:
   •½ his men explored Grand Canyon
   •½ explored the Plains
   •Expedition was labeled a failure since he didn’t
   find gold, silver or other treasures
Samuel de CHAMPLAIN


Born: 1567     Country Born In: France
Died: 1635     Country Sailed for: France

Goal: Searched for the Northwest Passage
       Samuel de CHAMPLAIN
Date of the Trip: 1603
Region Explored: crossed the Atlantic, traveled
the St. Lawrence River to Lake Huron. Traveled
south to Lake Champlain in New York

                             Accomplishments:
                             •Established the 1st
                             French settlement
                             in the New World
     Father Jacques MARQUETTE
           & Louis JOLIET
Marquette                            Joliet
Born: 1637                           Born: 1645
Died: 1675                           Died: 1700
Marquette & Joliet
Country Born In: France
Country Sailed for: France
Goal: Convert the Natives to Christianity &
hoped the Mississippi would lead them to
the Pacific Ocean
       Father Jacques MARQUETTE
             & Louis JOLIET
Date of the Trip: 1673
Region Explored: Traveled down the Mississippi
River in canoes

                            Accomplishments:
                            •Mapped out
                            major portions of
                            the Mississippi
                            River
      Robert La SALLE

Born: 1643
Died: 1687
          Country Born In: France
          Country Sailed for: France
Goals:
•Searched for the Northwest Passage
•Wanted to establish a fur trading route
                 Robert La SALLE
Date of the Trip: 1682
Region Explored: Traveled south from Canada
down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico

                              Accomplishments:
                              He was the 1st
                              European to travel
                              the length of the
                              Mississippi River
             Sir Francis DRAKE


Born: 1545       Country Born In: England
Died: 1596       Country Sailed for: England

Goal: Searched for a Northwest Passage
and an undiscovered continent in the
Pacific
           Sir Francis DRAKE
Date of the Trip: 1577 to 1580
Region Explored: East and West Coast of South
America, west coast of North America (as far north
as Oregon), then sailed around the world
                            Accomplishments:
                            Drake was the 1st
                            Englishman to sail
                            around the world
                            •Most feared pirate of
                            his time
       Henry HUDSON

Born: 1570
Died: 1611
Country Born In: England
Country Sailed for: England

Goals: Searched for the Northwest
Passage
                    Henry HUDSON
Date of the Trip: 1607, 1608, 1609, 1610
Region Explored: parts of the Arctic Ocean and
northeastern North America

  Accomplishments:
  •Sailed further
  north than any
  previous explorer
  •Began the navy
  •Began trade with
  Iroquois
    Pedro Alvares CABRAL
Born: 1467
Died: 1520
Country Born In: Portugal
Country Sailed for: Portugal

Goals: sail around Africa to India to trade
for Spices
           Pedro Alvares CABRAL
Date of the Trip: 1500
Region Explored: Sailed down west coast of
Africa, storm blew him out to sea, explored east
coast of South America, then continued to India

Accomplishments:
•Made Portugal
wealthy by
claiming Brazil
(gold)
•Sailed to India

				
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