NOUNS by yurtgc548


 What is a noun?
 The definition of a noun is a word that is used to
  define a person, animal or living object, place, thing or
 There are many different kinds of nouns in English.
☻ When a noun means one only, it is said to be
☻ When a noun means more than one, it is said to be
☻ Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural
 by adding - es.
☻Moss       mosses
☻Buzz       buzzes
☻Box       boxes
☻Dish      dishes
☻Church churches
☻ Nouns ending in - y preceded by a consonant is
 formed into a plural by changing - y to – ies
☻Lady    ladies
☻City    cities
☻Army armies
☻ Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is
 formed into a plural by adding es
☻Hero        heroes
☻Veto        vetoes
☻Buffalo    buffaloes
☻man, men
☻woman, women
☻child, children
☻foot, feet
☻mouse, mice
☻tooth, teeth
☻ox, oxen
☻goose, geese
☻ A countable noun is a type of noun that can be:
☻ presented in both the singular form and the plural
☻ represented by a number, such as two cats, five books
  Rules For Using                Rules For Using Plural
  Singular                        Countable Nouns
  Countable Nouns                A determiner is optional
 A determiner must be            before noun or adverb if
  used before noun or             adjectives are used.
  adverb if adjectives are       The articles "a" or "an"
  used such as a, the, this,      can't be used.
  our etc.
 The article “a” or “an” can
  be used.
 Only the number one          Any number bigger than
  can be used to state the      two can be used to state
  amount.                       an amount.
 Possessive adjectives may    Possessive adjectives may
  be used such as my, his,      be used such as his, our,
  our etc.                      etc.
 Quantifiers can't be         Quantifiers can be used
  used.                         such as some, any, many,
                                a lot etc.
 A demonstrative          A demonstrative
 adjectives can be used    adjectives can be used
 such as this, those       such as this, those etc.
Nouns    Nouns In The         Nouns In The         Nouns
         Singular Form        Plural Form          Represented By
                                                   A Number

dog      The dog is big.      The dogs are big.    There are six dogs
                                                   in the room.

boy      The boy is tall.     The boys are tall.   There are three tall
                                                   boys in my class.

car      Our car is green.    All the cars at work There are six cars
                              are white.           parked on my

window   The window is big.   The windows are      The room has
                              clean.               three window.
☺Nouns that can not be represented in the singular
 form or the plural form
☺For example: water, air, coffee, tea …
☺Nouns that can not be represented by a number are
 called uncountable nouns
☺It is not possible to say I need 4 air, or 6 sugar.
☼ Uncountable nouns can only be used in the singular
☼ A or an can not be used with uncountable nouns.
  "The" can be used with uncountable nouns.
☼ Quaintly of uncountable nouns is expressed by the
  expression "a. ....of......".
҉ Examples: a bag of sugar, a bottle of oil.
☺Collective nouns are nouns that refer to things or
 people as a unit.
☺Examples: family, police, class, team, crew etc.
☺Collective nouns can be used in both the singular form
 and the plural form.
Singular Collective              Plural Collective Nouns

1. Singular collective nouns
                                 1. Plural collective nouns
refer to one unit of people or
                                 refer to two or more units
                                 of people or things.

2. Singular collective nouns     2. Plural collective nouns are
are used like singular nouns.    used like plural nouns.
☺ A common noun is a noun that refers to a person,
 thing and place.
☺ Examples:
 dog, house, picture, computer ,windows , paper ,
 people , cat , flower , hospital ,
 milk , bread , trousers , air , water , tea , glass … etc.
☺   A proper noun is a specific name of a place , a person, or a
Name of the Months and   •January, February, April
Days                      etc.
Names of Company's       •Microsoft, Amazon, Nike,
Names of People          •John, Mary, Bill, Mr. Brown,
                          Mr. Lee, Mr. Tom Jones
Names of Places          •Greentown Hospital, Town
                          House Hotel, City Park etc.
Titles of People           •Dr. Kenny White,
                            President Jimmy
Newspapers, Plays        •The New York Times
☺Concrete nouns can be touched, felt, held,
something visible, smelt, taste, or be heard.
  Concrete nouns are something physical.
Common Concrete Nouns         ☻dog, cat, girl, plate air,
                              water etc.

Countable Concrete Nouns      ☻ chair, computer, song,

                           ☻ chairs, computers, songs,
Uncountable Concrete Nouns ☻ water, air, oil, sugar, salt,
                           rice, cheese etc.

Proper Nouns                  ☻ Mr. Mike Jones, Tom
                              Brown, Audrey
☻ There are different types of nouns
☻ All types of nouns follow the same grammar rules.
☻ Abstract nouns is something that can't be sensed by
 our five senses (smell, hear, see or taste).
☺     Examples of abstract nouns :
☻   love
☻   hate
☻   violence
☻   culture
☻   taste
☻   feel
☻ When we want to show that something belongs to
 somebody or something, we usually add 's to a singular
 noun and an apostrophe ' to a plural noun, for
☻ the boy's ball (one boy)
☻ the boys' ball (two or more boys)
☻ Although we can use of to show possession, it is
  more usual to use possessive 's.
 the boyfriend of my sister
 my sister's boyfriend
☻ We very often use possessive 's with names:
 This is Mary's car.
 Where is Ram's telephone?
 Who took Anthony's pen?
 I like Tara's hair.
☻ When a name ends in s, we usually treat it like any
  other singular noun, and add 's:
 This is Charles's chair.
☻ But it is possible (especially with older, classical
  names) to just add the apostrophe ':
 Who was Jesus' father?
☻ audience ( seyirci )
☻ family ( aile )
☻ staff ( personel )
☻ team ( takım )
☻ government ( hükümet )
☻ blood ( kan )
☻ air ( hava )
☻ cheese ( peynir )
☻ cherry ( kiraz )
☻ soup ( çorba )
☻ soap ( sabun )
☻ child ( çocuk )
☻ hand ( el )
☻ meat ( et )
☻ computer ( bilgisayar )
☻ desk ( sıra )
☻ flower ( çiçek )
☻ table ( masa )
☻ board ( tahta )
☻ clock ( saat )
☻ cupboard ( dolap )
☻ book ( kitap )
☻ hair ( saç )
☻ luck ( şans )
☻ education ( eğitim )
☻ sheep ( koyun )
☻ fish ( balık )
☻ deer ( geyik )

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