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Slide 1 - Jose Alamillo

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					Gender Privilege/Oppression



       Prof. Jose Alamillo
          CES 101: 06
          Spring 2008
         SEX AND GENDER
SEX    BIOLOGY     male/female
                     categories



GENDER SOCIAL  ideas/practices of
    CONSTRUCTION masculinity/femininity
                              ↓
       Men’s power to subordinate women
                (sexism/patriarchy)
Gender Inequality: Workplace
 • Greater number of women in the workplace
   but according to 2004 U.S. Census Bureau
   women make only 76.5 cents for every dollar
   that men earn.
 • “Glass ceiling” prevents women from reaching
   higher paid positions
 • “Mommy track” prevents another barrier
   towards advancement
 • “Glass Escalator” hidden advantages for men
   in predominantly female occupations
   (nursing, librarians, elementary teachers,
   social workers)
Gender Inequality: Education
• By 2007 women were 57% of college graduates
  compared to 43% of men
• Women with B.A. degrees earn only $4,708 more
  than men with H.S. diploma, Men with B.A.
  degrees earn $24,700 more than men with H.S.
  diploma
• Women are concentrated in social sciences, while
  men in engineering, computers, math.
• The value/earnings in the area where women
  become predominant tend to decline (i.e.
  teachers)
 My Invisible Male Privilege Checklist
• My odds of being hired for a job, when competing against
  female applicants are skewed in my favor
• The odds of my encountering sexual harassment on the job
  are very low
• I am not taught to fear walking alone after dark in average
  public spaces
• If I have children but do not provide primary care for them,
  my masculinity will not be called into question
• If I have sex with a lot of people, it won’t make me an
  object of contempt or derision
• I will never be expected to change my name upon marriage
  or questioned if I don’t change my name
• I am not expected to spend my entire life 20-40 pounds
  underweight.
               “Act Like a Man Box”
Verbal abuse                           Physical abuse
                        Tough           beat up
  sissy
                      Aggressive
  fag                                   teased
                     Competitive
mama’s boy                              isolated
                      intimidate
  wimp                In control         rejected

  girl                No feelings        forced to
                        Take it          play sports
  nerd
                       don’t cry         sexual
 bitch           Have sex with women     assault
 “Main Forms of Masculinities”
• Dominant or Hegemonic
  Definition of “real manhood” that has developed in a
  particular culture in order for dominant men to maintain
  power over women and other men. (i.e. heterosexual men)
• Subordinate
  Those male behaviors that threaten the legitimacy of
  hegemonic masculinity and are vulnerable to abuse and
  ridicule (i.e. gay or effeminate men)
• Complicit
  ”patriarchal dividend”= men’s dominant position in the
  gender order has material payoffs w/o lifting a finger
• Marginalized
  Adaptation of masculinities to such issues of race and class
  (i.e. black masculinity)
Miscellaneous Notes:
• Multiple Masculinities, but one is dominant over
  others at all times.
• Masculinity varies across race, class, age and
  ethnic lines
• While men are harmed by patriarchy, women are
  oppressed by it.
• Paradox of masculinity: men as a group have
  power over women as a group, but as individuals
  do not feel powerful.
• Men’s social power is the source of individual
  power & privilege but also the source of individual
  experience of pain, shame, fear, depression and
  alienation.

				
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posted:5/9/2013
language:English
pages:16