Labor.ppt

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Labor.ppt Powered By Docstoc
					Labor
          Women and Children
   Few children attended school
   Families needed money
   Children came from orphanages
   Penalized for
    working faster
   Paid less
    than men
   Abused
   Sickness
   Injury
   Long hours
Reform
 Women were drawn
  because it was an
  acceptable way to
  influence politics and
  society
 Florence Kelley
   Persuaded Illinois
    legislature to prohibit child
    labor and limit number of
    hours women could work
      Reform
 National Child
  Labor Committee
   By 1912, labor laws
    passed in 39 states
   Some states limited hours to 8-10 a day and barred
    children from working at night or in dangerous
    conditions
 Wages
   Massachusetts passed 1st minimum wage law
   Congress passed law in 1938
             Enforcement
 Was lax- many employers ignored laws
 Usually sided with factory and business
  owners
 Owners claimed it violated workers’
  freedom of contract (freedom to
  negotiate the terms of the employment)
              Supreme Court
 Muller V. Oregon
   Employer challenged 10
    hour workday
   Louis D. Brandeis argued
    case on side of workers
      “People’s Attorney”
      Defender of moral causes
   Became model for defense
    of other social legislation
    (show harm to health and
    well being)

				
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posted:5/9/2013
language:English
pages:7
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