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					                    Timo Jetsu,

      Co-ordination of anti-drugs policy Unit

European Commission, Directorate General Justice,
            Freedom and Security




           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
  EU, DRUGS & CIVIL SOCIETY


       Alcohol and Drug
 Nordic
     Policy Network


  Tallinn 21 April 2006



     European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
                    CONCLUSIONS
   THERE IS NO COMMON EUROPEAN DRUG
    POLICY LIKE e.g. COMMON AGRICULTURAL
    POLICY (SHOULD THERE BE?)

   THERE IS AN AGREEMENT ON NEED FOR
    MORE COOPERARATION
   THERE IS A UNANIMOUSLY AGREED
    EUROPEAN (EU) APPROACH, ALSO AT UN
    LEVEL

   DRUGS ARE ONE OF THE MAJOR CONCERNS
    OF EU CITIZENS

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
             DRUGS IN THE EU

   HORIZONTAL, ALL THREE “PILLARS”

   MEMBER STATES ARE MAIN ACTORS

   COMMUNITY ROLE COMPLEMENTARY

   PRECURSORS & MONEY
    LAUNDERRING AN EXCEPTION


           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          DRUG LAWS/POLICY IN THE
             MEMBER STATES
   ALL HAVE SIGNED AND RATIFIED THE
    UN CONVENTIONS (1961, 71, 88)

   NATIONAL DIFFERENCES ON
    CRIMINALISING USE AND POSSESSION
    OF SMALL AMOUNTS OF DRUGS

   DIFFERENCES IN IMPLEMENTATION



           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
         EU INSTITUTIONS & DRUGS

   COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

     HORIZONTAL      WORKING PARTY ON DRUGS

     OTHER   WORKING GROUPS (E.G HEALTH)

   EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

     COMMITTEE     OF CIVIL LIBERTIES



              European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          COMMISSION AND DRUGS

   COMMISSION ACTIVE IN FIELDS LIKE

     PUBLICHEALTH
     EDUCATION AND CULTURE
     RESEARCH
     EMPLOYMENT
     ROAD SAFETY
     EXTERNAL RELATIONS
     CANDIDATE & APPLICANT COUNTRIES




               European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          DRUGS COORDINATION

   COORDINATES COMMISSION
    POSITIONS

   REPRESENTS THE COMMISSION AT
    THE HDG

   DRAFTS THE EU ACTION PLAN,
    REVIEWS IT ANNUALLY AND
    EVALUATES IN 2008


           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
                     PARTNERS

   EUROPEAN MONITORING CENTRE FOR
    DRUGS AND DRUG ADDICTION
    (EMCDDA) IN LISBON

   EUROPOL AT THE HAGUE

   EUROPEAN AGENCY FOR THE
    EVALUATION OF MEDICINAL
    PRODUCTS (EMEA) IN LONDON


           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
             Civil society; definition

   Citizens take direct responsibility for
    their concerns and influence
    governance in an organised way

   “Associational life operating in the
    space between the state and the
    market, including individual
    participation and activities of non-
    governmental, voluntary and
    community organisations”

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          Why to involve civil society?

   Legitimacy and accountability of
    governance

     Involvementof the citizens is crucial for
      acceptance and effectiveness of the EU

     Information    flows

     Voice   for those most affected by policy




                European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
         More reasons for involving CS

   Inclusion of EU level in CS activities

   Complementary implementation of the
    activities in the EU Action Plan

     NGOs  often important actors in prevention,
      treatment and rehabilitation as service
      providers or interest representation

     Innovative approaches, work with most
      vulnerable groups etc.

              European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
             Civil Society and the EU

   Representative vs. Participatory
    Democracy

   Institutional roles in involving civil
    society?

     EuropeanParliament
     Economic and Social Committee
     Council
     Commission



              European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          EU Action Plan and Civil Society

    Objective three – Strengthen the
     involvement of civil society

1.   The Commission to issue a Green
     Paper on cooperation with the Civil
     Society (2006)

2.   Member States to give the opportunity
     to Civil Society to present their
     opinion (2007)

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
           Green Paper on Drugs/CS

   Based on feedback from the informal
    consultation on the EU Action Plan and
    the civil society conference in 1/2006

   Launches a wide consultation for a
    structured and continuous dialogue
    between the Commission and Civil
    Society

   Due to be published in summer 2006

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
         EU DRUGS STRATEGY 2005-2012




  ACTION PLAN                         ACTION PLAN
   2005-2008                           2009-2012
Endorsed by EU Council in JUNE         Based on experience with
              2005                           preceding Plan




                 European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
               EU ACTION PLAN

   FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF EU
    LAW (e.g. subsidiarity)

   FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF CITIZENS

   PROTECTION OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND
    PUBLIC SECURITY

   BALANCED, EVIDENCE BASED


           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
      EU Action Plan on Drugs 05-08

The ultimate aim is

“to significantly reduce the
prevalence of drug use among the
population and to

reduce the social harm and health
damage caused by the use of and trade
in illicit drugs”


           European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          5 Chapters in the Action Plan

   Coordination of policies


   Demand reduction


   Supply reduction


   International cooperation


   Information, research, evaluation
             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
                       Methodology

   46 objectives
   More than 8O actions
   Responsibility for each action assigned
   Deadline for each action
   Assessment tools/indicators
   Annual assessment by Commission
   Follow up after final assessment 2008


              European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
                        Conclusion

  A   dynamic policy instrument, not a
       static list of political objectives


        evaluation, scope for
 Built-in
 adjustments


 Focus   on Results


             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
          EU Action Plan, complementary
              roles and added value
   Alternatives to imprisonment (13); MS
    activities to effective use of
    alternatives to be complemented by a
    COM Recommendation on drugs
    services in prison
   Prevention of drug related crime (25);
    COM proposal for a common definition
    to be complemented by MS sharing
    experience and best practise in the
    Council

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
         Action Plan and demand reduction

   Coverage, access and effectiveness

   Selective, targeted and diversified

   Quality of treatment services

   Availability and access of harm
    reduction services (HIV/AIDS)

   Drug related deaths

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
            COUNCIL FRAMEWORK
            DECISION 2004/757/JHA
   Crimes linked to trafficking in drugs
    and precursors


   Penalties


   Implementation and reports



                European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
        Council Decision 2005/387/JHA

   Exchange of information


   Joint Report


   Risk Assessment


   Control procedures

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
        Council Decision 2001/419/JHA
   Establishment of a system for the
    transmission of samples

   National contact points

   Agreement to transmit samples and
    acknowledgement of receipt

   Means of transport

   Quantity of the sample and its use

             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
         COUNCIL RECOMMENDATION OF
          28/6/2003, OJ L 165, 03/07/2003

   DRUG RELATED HEALTH DAMAGE (HIV/AIDS)
    AND DEATHS

   OUTREACH WORK

   DRUG SERVICES FOR PEOPLE IN PRISONS

   DISTRIBUTION OF NEEDLES, CONDOMS ETC.

   VACCINATION AND SCREENING



             European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security
Thank you for your
     attention


   European Commission - DG Justice Freedom and Security

				
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