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Unitary_ Federal and Confederal Systems

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					UNITARY, FEDERAL AND
CONFEDERAL SYSTEMS
   ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS (OBJECTIVES):
•    Compare and contrast the following government
     systems: unitary, federal and Confederal.
GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS
UNITARY               FEDERAL                 CONFEDERAL
•All key powers        •Divides the powers    •Government where
belong to the national of government          power resides with
government             between the national   the states (a loose
                       and state              union of independent
                       governments            states)
•National
government creates     •Both national and
lower levels of        state governments
government with        have sovereignty is
limited sovereignty    some areas
                                              •EX: Articles of
                                              Confederation,
•EX: Great Britian,                           Confederacy (Civil
Italy, France         •EX: United States      War)
CONSTITUTION
   A constitution is a written plan for government.
     Sets out ideals that people share
     Established basic structure for government
     Supreme law of the land
     Provides for limited government




   OUR CONSTITUTION
     Preamble– introduction (statement of goals)
     7 Articles (sections)
     1787--oldest written constitution still in use today
POLITICS
   What are politics?
     Effort to control or influence the conduct and policies
      of government
     People’s efforts to influence how the government acts
      and what they do
   Why do people participate in politics?
     Government impacts our lives
     Benefits and services
     They can put our values (or the values of others into
      action)
     Government should represent the interests of ALL
      the people (general welfare)

				
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