Use of the IPCC GHG inventory software for reporting under the

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					Use of the IPCC GHG inventory software
  for reporting under the Convention

       CGE Hands-on Training Workshop on
       National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
  for the Latin American and Caribbean Region

       Panama City, Panama, 25-29 October 2004


                  Roberto Acosta
             Inventories subprogramme
    Methods, Inventories and Science Programme
                UNFCCC secretariat
                racosta@unfccc.int
       GHG inventories of non-Annex I Parties
   Most Parties used the summary table 7A of the 1996 IPCC
    Guidelines or a modified similar table to report their inventories.
   31 Parties also reported the IPCC worksheets providing information
    on the numerical background data used to prepare their inventories.
    This contributed to a more complete and transparent reporting.
    However, in most cases the worksheets were provided in hard copy and
    no electronically.


    The reporting of the IPCC summary, sector-specific tables and
    worksheets is facilitated by the use of the IPCC software.
How to improve the quality of inventories from
        methodological point of view?

There are several tools that might contribute to enhance
the quality of national inventories without substantially
increasing the level of resources needed to prepare them,
such as:

 • More precise guidance for preparing and reporting;
 • Software for electronic reporting;
 • Comparison of inventory data across countries with similar
   national circumstances
Why does a more precise guidance could contribute
      to improve the quality of inventories?


• Inventory compilers know exactly what information
  should be prepared and how to prepare it
• Inventory compilers can plan better and in advance
  the preparation of inventories
  The experience of Annex I Parties in reporting inventories
  using decision 3/CP. 5, in particular with the electronic
  reporting of the CRF, demonstrates the benefits of a more
  precise guidance.
 Why does a software could contribute to
improve the quality of the inventories ? (I)

• The IPCC software can facilitate a more complete and
  transparent preparation and reporting of inventories
  without additional resources.

• It facilitates the archiving of the existing inventory
  information and its subsequent use by the inventory
  compilers (even new ones).

• It facilitates the compilation and reporting of
  inventories by national experts (more time available)
     Why does a software could contribute to
      improve the quality of inventory? (II)


The IPCC software could be used almost straight forward to fulfil
the reporting requirements, recommendations and
encouragements of the UNFCCC guidelines (table 1 and 2 of the
UNFCCC guidelines are very similar to Table 7A of the 1996 IPCC
Guidelines)


It allows for reporting sector-specific tables and worksheets
(which provide useful background data information without
extra work)
    Why does comparison of inventory data across
    countries contribute to improve the quality of
                    inventories?

•    It facilitates the understanding of the calculations, the
     identification of mistakes and the + and – aspects of other
     national inventories;

•    It facilitates the training/preparation of experts;

•    It facilitates the technical assessment of national
     inventories
     Relationship IPCC software - electronic
    reporting - comparison of inventory data


•   IPCC software facilitates the reporting in electronic format

•   Electronic reporting facilitates the processing of GHG inventory data

•   Electronic reporting allows for integration of large inventory data in a
    data base and its subsequent processing for data comparison and
    assessment

•   It facilitates information sharing by national/regional experts.
    What should be done to facilitate further the
          reporting of GHG inventories?
Short term:

•   Modifications of the IPCC software ( to use it to prepare the
    tables 1 and 2 of the UNFCCC guidelines) and to include an
    optional module to report LULUCF in accordance with IPCC-
    GPG for those Parties that choose to do so.

Longer term:

•   Elaborate tools that allow for automated processing and
    comparison of inventory data across countries (such as locator)
    that will facilitate the work of national experts.
    Complementing information on the
          use of the software


The following slides aim to give a general picture on the use
 of the software before the sectoral hands-on training:
       Example in the use of the software
The same sequence as the IPCC presentation with
examples from Trinidad and Tobago 1990 data

   “Sector” Energy (Module 1)- Transport
   “Sector” Energy Table 1.2 - Overview
    “Sector” Industrial Process (Module 2)
   “Sector” Agriculture (Module 4)
   “Sector” Land-Use Change and Forestry (Module 5)
   “Sector” Waste (Module 6)
     Sectoral Reports and Summary Tables
     Start – double click the icon that leads to the
                  “Overview.xls” file
Select inventory year and the corresponding format (or of a previous year that contains
data or a new empty one). After choosing a template, the software will be open. Excel will
load the file:
                          “OVERVIEW.XLS” (the main screen is shown below)
It contains the reporting tables from the Reporting instructions and will be open at all
times when you are running the software


                                                                           Fill in the contact
                                                                           information

                                                                           Click on the
                                                                           “Sectors” to get a
                                                                           drop-down menu
                                                                           with the sector
                                                                           modules

                                                                           Select the sector to
                                                                           start input of values
“Sector” Energy (Module 1) - Transport

                                •Type in values step
                                by step
                                • The values are
                                directly transferred
                                to the Energy
                                overview table 1.2
                                • Calculations are
                                made automatically
                                •See an example of
                                the three shown
                                values on the next
                                slide
“Sector” Energy Table 1.2 - Overview”




                                        The values
                                        from the
                                        previous
                                        slide
                Saving the Modules




When a sector is complete, save the Module when prompted as above
“Sector” Industrial Process (Module 2)

                                 Complete the
                                 data for
                                 Industrial
                                 Processes step
                                 by step.
                                 You can also
                                 move through
                                 the worksheets
                                 using the drop-
                                 down menus.
                                 When
                                 completed,
                                 save module.
“Sector” Agriculture (Module 4)



                            Complete the
                            data for
                            Agriculture step
                            by step.

                            You can also
                            move through
                            the worksheets
                            using the drop-
                            down menus.

                            When
                            completed, save
                            module.
“Sector” Land-Use Change and Forestry (Module 5)


                                      Complete the
                                      data for LUCF
                                      step by step.

                                      You can also
                                      move through
                                      the worksheets
                                      using the drop-
                                      down menus.

                                      When
                                      completed, save
                                      module.
“Sector” Waste (Module 6)


                            Complete the
                            data for Waste
                            step by step.

                            You can also
                            move through
                            the worksheets
                            using the drop-
                            down menus.

                            When
                            completed,
                            save module.
Sectoral Reports and Summary Tables (I)
                                    Values from
                                    Energy 1-2
                                    Overview
                                    table




                                    Values
                                    transferred
                                    automatically
                                    to Sectoral
                                    table 1s1
Sectoral Reports and Summary Tables (III)



                                 Values circles
                                 have been
                                 automatically
                                 transferred from
                                 the previously
                                 seen sectoral
                                 reports to the
                                 summary report –
                                 Table 7A
                      Use of the software (I)
•   Bear in mind the several warnings to the users included in the
    software manual.

•   The software is protected in order to prevent formulae and tables
    to be modified. This protection may be deactivated (disabling
    protection) in order to make necessary modifications in the sheet,
    but BE CAREFUL: Do not force introduction of values. Make sure
    all formulas or links stay correct, and when finish protect the sheet
    again (Protection function is located in the editing menu)

•   Introduce informative footnotes on the software sheets (e.g
    information on method uses if they are not the defaults ones used in the software
    or any other basic information that increase transparency)
                     Use of the software (II)

Possibilities: Use the disable and protection functions to include additional
information, such as national fuels, emissions/methods not considered in the 1996
IPCC worksheets, notation keys, footnotes, without affecting the software
functions. E.g:

Disabling protection for Worksheet 1-2 Energy Overview and assigning the TJ consumption
of other fuels appearing in column “AO Total Other Fuels” to each corresponding column
(liquid, solid or gas) according to the type of fuel added.

Ensuring correspondence between real values for different fuel categories and sectors
between Worksheets 1-2 and 1-3s1.

After that, protecting the sheets whose protection had been disabled in order to make changes.
                Use of the software (III)

Summary tables and overview table

The software (at Overview.xls) includes the report by sectoral tables
(tables for each module from 1s1 to 6s1) and the tables for inventory
summary (one for detailed summary- 7As1, 7As2, 7As3- and another
one for a short summary- 7Bs1). All tables are filled in automatically
as they get completed on the different worksheets.

However, notations key such as NA (not available) and NO (not
occurring) should be used when there are not estimates, and therefore
they should be included manually.
            Use of the software (IV)

Summary tables and overview table

 “Overview” Table 8A, is used to carry out a self
 evaluation on the quality and comprehensive nature of the
 inventory. In order to do this, the notation accompanying
 the Table is used. No special difficulties arise when filling
 in this table in the software, which is done manually.
                   Use of the software (IV)
Summary tables and overview table

Do not rely on the automatic fill in (several causes may provoke mistakes, and
the resulting total for emissions in each sector, and in the inventory may be altered).
Carry out a meticulous revision of the working sheets, and whether your results have
been correctly transferred to the report by sector sheets.

Afterwards, make sure there is an adequate correspondence between the working
sheets and the report by sector sheet. Carry out the same check up on the latter as well
as on the summary sheets.

Remember that you must include manually in the worksheets and the sectoral sheets
the emissions obtained in source categories for which the software does not provide
worksheets (such as CO2 from flaring), or those emissions whose estimates were
worked out through different methods not included in the software.
                  Final remarks (I)

•   If resources are available for preparing national
    communications and their GHG inventories, the new
    UNFCCC guidelines and the IPCC GPG will facilitate a
    higher quality preparation and reporting of GHG
    inventories by non-Annex I Parties.


•   The use of the IPCC software will facilitate the
    preparation and reporting of national GHG inventories.
                  Final remarks (II)


•   The IPCC software should be used in way that estimates
    obtained with national methods or using national fuels and
    categories, as well as, any other relevant national
    information, can be included.

•   The electronic reporting and processing of inventory data
    could also contribute to increase the quality of prepared
    and reported national inventories.

				
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