USING THE AUDIENCE RESPONSE SYSTEM _ARS_ TO SPICE UP by hcj

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									                 USING THE

AUDIENCE RESPONSE SYSTEM (ARS)
TO GENERATE INTEREST & PROMOTE LEARNING




                Steve Mitchell, MD
              Deana M. Richter, MA
  University of New Mexico School of Medicine
How do you know what your learners
   really know and understand?
  A. By the looks on their faces
  B. By the questions they ask (or
     don’t ask)
  C. By their responses when I ask if
     they understand
  D. By how well they perform on tests
  E. All of the above
  F. None of the above
  G. I don’t really know
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion

                                               Deana M. Richter, MA
                                                                 Director
                                      Teacher & Educational Development
                                                 drichter@salud.unm.edu

                                               Steve Mitchell, MD
                                                            Director
                  Office of Academic Support & Information Systems
                                        smmitchell@salud.unm.edu
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion




                                           OBJECTIVES
                After this session, you
                  should be able to….


                                                        p. 1
What is your primary area of teaching?

        A.   Basic sciences
        B.   Clinical sciences
        C.   Research
        D.   Faculty development
        E.   Other
Which level of education is your
        primary focus?

            A.   UME
            B.   GME
            C.   CME
            D.   Other
Which of the following best describes
 your experience with an audience
     response system (ARS)?
  A. I’ve heard about it and thought it might
     be neat.
  B. I’ve used it as a learner/participant.
  C. I’ve used it as a teacher/presenter.
  D. I’ve used it as both a learner/participant
     and teacher/presenter.
Which of the following best describes
your level of knowledge of literature-
based principles of how people learn
     and how they are applied?
A. I have little to no understanding of these
   principles.
B. I have learned about these principles, but
   have not consciously applied them to my
   teaching.
C. I have learned about these principles and
   begun utilizing them in my teaching.
D. I would consider myself an expert, and I
   consistently use these principles in my
   teaching.
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion




            Integrate Advances in Technology
             with Advances in What We Know
                     About How People Learn
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion




                                           Use is
                                           Growing…




                                                 p. 3
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion




                           There’s evidence…..




                                            p. 3
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
                                             Use ARS for
V. Conclusion                              Many Purposes
    1. Explore pre-existing knowledge
    2. Activate learning
    3. Provide a mechanism for getting honest answers
       to sensitive questions
    4. Check for/promote understanding and give
       feedback
    5. Practice solving problems
    6. Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
    7. Check for convergence or divergence
    8. Get feedback from learners                p. 4
In a national survey done in 1993, 87% of college
students participating in the survey reported that
they had cheated on written work, and 70%
admitted to cheating on a college exam at least
once. Have you ever cheated on a college exam?
This question best illustrates which type of use?
A.   Explore pre-existing knowledge
B.   Activate learning
C.   Get honest answers to sensitive questions
D.   Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
E.   Practice solving problems
F.   Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
G.   Check for convergence or divergence
H.   Get feedback from learners
A newly developed “highly accurate” diagnostic test for
disease X has a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 80%.
If a test result is positive, what is the likelihood that the
patient has disease X?
A. 95%
B. 80%
C. Cannot be determined
This question best illustrates which type of use?
  A. Explore pre-existing knowledge
  B. Activate learning
  C. Get honest answers to sensitive questions
  D. Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
  E. Practice solving problems
  F. Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
  G. Check for convergence or divergence
  H. Get feedback from learners
Which one of the following concepts addressed in this
session is the “muddiest” in terms of your understanding
and ability to apply?
This question best illustrates which type of use?


  A.   Explore pre-existing knowledge
  B.   Activate learning
  C.   Get honest answers to sensitive questions
  D.   Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
  E.   Practice solving problems
  F.   Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
  G.   Check for convergence or divergence
  H.   Get feedback from learners
If you could get a DNA test done that would identify
potential health risks to you prior to their development or
clinical diagnosis, would you want to do it and get the
results?
This question best illustrates which type of use?

   A.   Explore pre-existing knowledge
   B.   Activate learning
   C.   Get honest answers to sensitive questions
   D.   Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
   E.   Practice solving problems
   F.   Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
   G.   Check for convergence or divergence
   H.   Get feedback from learners
A 24-year-old Caucasian female presents with complaints of
palpitations, anxiety, less frequent menstrual cycles, difficulty
sleeping for 6-7 months. PE reveals rapid but regular heart rate,
prominent eye-bulging bilaterally, rapid deep tendon reflexes in all
extremities. Thyroid is enlarged to twice normal. TSH level is
ordered. What would you expect it to be?
This question best illustrates which type of use?

   A.   Explore pre-existing knowledge
   B.   Activate learning
   C.   Get honest answers to sensitive questions
   D.   Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
   E.   Practice solving problems
   F.   Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
   G.   Check for convergence or divergence
   H.   Get feedback from learners
Rate the quality of the physician’s communication
skills based on the global ratings scale.
This question best illustrates which type of use?


  A.   Explore pre-existing knowledge
  B.   Activate learning
  C.   Get honest answers to sensitive questions
  D.   Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
  E.   Practice solving problems
  F.   Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
  G.   Check for convergence or divergence
  H.   Get feedback from learners
True or False: Over the last 20 years, advances
in medical diagnostic technology have
significantly supplanted the need for a
comprehensive history and physical.
This question best illustrates which type of use?

  A.   Explore pre-existing knowledge
  B.   Activate learning
  C.   Get honest answers to sensitive questions
  D.   Check for/promote understanding, give feedback
  E.   Practice solving problems
  F.   Identify values, attitudes, and opinions
  G.   Check for convergence or divergence
  H.   Get feedback from learners
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion




                   How can ARS help you provide
                teaching/learning experiences that
                          are consistent with what
                               we know about how
                                    people learn?



                                               p. 8
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
                                                Use Knowledge
V. Conclusion
                                           of How People Learn

                       Create a motivating environment
      Discover/build on pre-existing knowledge
              Facilitate learning with understanding
     Encourage self-reflection & -management
     Navigate “Bermuda Triangle” in education
                                                          p. 8
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
                                                     Create and
V. Conclusion
                                                Embed Questions

            Integrate questions into teaching, flow
                                           Avoid over-use of ARS
               Link questions to learning objectives
 Craft questions to reflect purpose and level
              Anticipate answers and explanations
                                           Build in discussion time
                                                              p. 9
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
                                           Follow Guidelines
V. Conclusion




        Technical considerations….
                     Question Checklist…




                                                        p. 9
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion

                                            SKILLS PRACTICE:
                                                     Form pair/triad
                                           Decide on teaching topic
                               Write at least 1 quality ARS question
     Write question and options clearly on flip chart paper
                                                  Specify follow-up
                                 Be prepared to share and
        give/receive feedback based on Question Checklist
                                                             p. 12
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion


                                                             SOME TIPS:
                                       Know how to use equipment
                               and how to deal with clicker problems
                                           Provide clear instructions for use
               Monitor responses, give warning before ending
      Try strategy of question—peer discussion—question
                      Respond to and discuss student responses

                                                                      p. 13
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion
                                               SUMMARY

                                           Educational Tool
                                                 Integration
                                     Many Functions Served
                                       Technical Limitations
                                        Effective Questions



                                                          p. 14
I. Introduction
II. Use and Outcomes
III.Using the System to Promote Learning
IV.Implementing Your Session
V. Conclusion




                                  Reflection and Action Plan




                                                         p. 15
   Aloha!
Steve and Deana

								
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