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Title:Effects of Exploration Preview: In what ways was the Age of Exploration a positive time period? A negative time period? Age of Exploration Effects of Exploration Positive Effects Increased Wealth: –Europeans gained new sources for raw materials; did not have to pay anyone for these goods –Europeans gained new markets to sell products –Gold was most valuable resource; led to immediate wealth Positive Effects TechnologicalAdvances—gained new ideas through cultural diffusion: –Magnetic compass, astrolabe –Better maps –Caravels –Thermometer, barometer –Printing Press spread new ideas Positive Effects ColumbianExchange: –New crops were introduced in Europe from the Americas: Corn, potatoes, beans, chocolate, pineapples –New products from Europe were introduced in the Americas: Wheat, grapes, horses, cows Positive Effects Political Powers: –Major shift in power; a nation’s power now determined by its wealth (mercantilism) –Spain & Portugal became the strongest European powers after creating large number of colonies Positive Effects New Empires—European nations created large numbers of colonies: –Spain: Central & South Americas –Portugal: Africa, Brazil, Spice Islands (East Indies) –England & France: North America –Netherlands: New York, Cape of Good Hope, Spice Islands (from Portuguese) Map Activity Negative Effects of the Age of Exploration Negative Effects Asianempires were dominated: –India & Spice Islands were under control of Europeans who used cotton & spices as luxury imports in Europe –China & Japan were influenced by Christian missionaries & European weapons; but were influenced by European merchants (Japan began isolate itself under Tokagawa) Negative Effects NativeAmerican civilizations destroyed: –Native Americans were not immune to European diseases (smallpox) –Forced into slavery –Used tribes against each other –Intermarriage with Conquistadors –Conquistadors took land and natural resources Negative Effects Plantation System: –Europeans developed large, single-crop plantations to produce cash crops for Europe –Depleted natural resources –Led to need for large, slave labor force to work fields Negative Effects African Slavery: –Europeans needed labor force to work in Americas –Triangular Trade developed: • Europeans produce manufactured goods, traded for African slaves • Slaves taken to Americas, sold for money to buy raw materials • Raw materials taken to Europe to make manufactured goods Negative Effects TriangularTrade: –The transportation of African slaves from the West Coast of Africa to the New World was called the Middle Passage
"EffectsofExploration.ppt - hillschoolsocialstudies-ag"