Introduction to Key Competences Adult Education in Poland

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					  Introduction to Key
Competences - Overview
 Together Towards Integration - Key Competences
                   for Adults
       Key Competences - definition

• Combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes
  appropriate to the context
• Needed for personal fulfilment and
  development, active citizenship, social inclusion
  and employment.
• Equally important
• Overlap and interlock
                          8 Key Competences

                           Communication in the
Cultural awareness and                              Communication in
      expression                                    foreign languages

Sense of initiative and                            competence and basic
  entrepreneur-ship             Competences       competences in science
                                                      and technology

   Social and civic
                            Learning to learn      Digital competence
1. Communication in the mother tongue -
                     Communication in the
                        mother tongue

  •the ability to express and     •to interact linguistically in an
 interpret concepts, thoughts,     appropriate and creative way
feelings, facts and opinions in    in a full range of societal and
  both oral and written form      cultural contexts: in education
 (listening, speaking, reading    and training, work, home and
          and writing)                          leisure.
   Communication in the mother tongue –
      essential knowledge & skills
             Knowledge                                         Skills
• of vocabulary, functional grammar           • to communicate both orally and in
  and the functions of language                 writing in a variety of
• awareness of the                              communicative situations
    – main types of verbal interaction        • to adapt one’s communication to
    – range of literary and non-literary        the requirements of the situation
      texts,                                  • the abilities to distinguish and use
    – the main features of different styles     different types of texts, to search
      and registers of language, and            for, collect and process
    – the variability of language and           information, to use aids, and to
      communication in different contexts       formulate and express one’s oral
                                                and written arguments in a
                                                convincing way appropriate to the
 2. Communication in foreign languages -
                            Communication in foreign

       The ability to
understand, express and
    interpret concepts,                                   Proficiency level vary
 thoughts, feelings,facts      It involves skills such   in the four dimensions
and opinions in both oral         as mediation and
                                     intercultural        (listening, speaking,
      and written form
   (listening, speaking,           understanding.         reading and writing)
 reading and writing) in                                       and different
 an appropriate range of                                        languages.
   societal and cultural
     Communication in foreign languages –
           knowledge and skills
          Knowledge                            Skills
• Of societal conventions, and   • The ability to understand
  the cultural aspect and          spoken messages, to initiate,
  variability of languages is      sustain and conclude
  important                        conversations
• Of vocabulary and functional   • Reading, understanding
  grammar                          andproducing texts
• Awareness of the main types      appropriate to the
  of verbal interaction and        individual’s needs.
  registers of language          • Ability to use aids
                                   appropriately, and learn
                                   languages also informally as
                                   part of lifelong learning.
      3. Mathematical competence and basic
      competences in science and technology

                         Mathematical competence

The ability to develop
                          Building on a sound     Involves, to different
      and apply
                         mastery of numeracy,      degrees, the ability
                           the emphasis is on      and willingness to
 thinking in order to
                          process and activity,    use mathematical
   solve a range of
                         as well as knowledge.     modes of thought
problems in everyday
                                                    and presentation
      Mathematical competence and basic
     competences in science and technology
          Mathematical competence

          Knowledge                           Skills
• Sound Knowledge of             • The Skills to apply basic
  numbers, measures and            mathematical principles and
  structures, basic operations     processes in everyday
  and basic mathematical           contexts at home and work,
  presentations, an                and to follow and assess
  understanding of                 chains of arguments. An
  mathematical terms and           individual should be able to
  concepts, and an awareness       reason mathematically,
  of the questions to which        understand athematical
  mathematics can offer            proof and communicate in
  answers.                         mathematical language, and
                                   to use appropriate aids.
       Mathematical competence and basic
      competences in science and technology

                         Science and Technology

    The ability and
willingness to use the
  body of knowledge      The application of the
                                                   An understanding of
   and methodology          knowledge and
                                                  the changes caused by
 employed to explain        methodology in
                                                    human activity and
 the natural world, in   response to perceived
                                                    responsibility as an
    order to identify       human wants or
                                                     individual citizen.
questions and to draw           needs.
      Mathematical competence and basic
    competences in science and technology -
                 Science and Technology Competences

          Knowledge                              Skills
• Essential Knowledge              • Include the ability to use and
  comprises the basic                handle technological tools
  principles of the natural          and machines as well as
                                     scientific data to achieve a
  world, fundamental scientific      goal or to reach an evidence-
  concepts, principles and           based decision or conclusion;
  methods, technology and            recognise the essential
  technological products and         features of scientific inquiry
  processes, as well as an           and have the ability to
  understanding of the impact        communicate the conclusions
  of science and technology on       and reasoning that led to
  the natural world.                 them.
   4. Digital competence - definition

                     Digital competence

                                  It is underpinned by basic
                                    skills in ICT: the use of
 Involves the confident and
                                computers to retrieve, assess,
 critical use of Information
                                 store, produce, present and
Society Technology (IST) for
                                 exchange information, and
      work, leisure and
                                      to communicate and
                                 participate in collaborative
                                  networks via the Internet.
    Digital competence – knowledge & skills
                Knowledge                                      Skills
•   Of the nature, role and opportunities    •   Needed include the ability to
    of IST in everyday contexts.                 search, collect and process
•   Main computer applications such as           information and use it in a critical
    word processing, spreadsheets,               and systematic way,
    databases, information storage and       •   Assessing relevance and
    management,                                  distinguishing the real from the
•   Understanding of the opportunities           virtual while recognising the links.
    and potential risks of the Internet      •   Individuals should have skills to
    and communication via electronic             use tools to produce, present and
    media (email, network tools)                 understand complex information
•   Individuals should also understand           and the ability to access, search and
    how IST can support creativity and           use Internet-based services.
    innovation, and be aware of issues       •   Individuals should also be able use
    around the validity and reliability of       IST to support critical thinking,
    information available and of the legal       creativity, and innovation.
    and ethical principles involved in the
    interactive use of IST.
        5. Learning to learn - definition
                                   Learning to learn

    The ability to       Includes                               Engages learners
     pursue and        awareness of
       persist in     one’s learning                            to build on prior
     learning, to      process and          Means gaining,      learning and life
   organise one’s          needs,           processing and       experiences in
   own learning,        identifying        assimilating new     order to use and
      including          available          knowledge and       apply knowledge
 through effective    opportunities,        skills as well as     and skills in a
  management of      and the ability to       seeking and           variety of
       time and          overcome            making use of         contexts: at
information, both    obstacles in order        guidance.        home, at work, in
  individually and        to learn
      in groups.       successfully.                             education and
     Learning to learn – knowledge & skills
           Knowledge                               Skills
• Of the competences,                 • Literacy, numeracy and ICT
  knowledge, skills and                 skills are necessary for
  qualifications required.              further learning.
• Requires an individual to know      • Building on these skills, an
  and understand                        individual should be able to
   – his/her preferred learning         access, gain, process and
     strategies, the strengths and      assimilate new knowledge
     weaknesses of his/                 and skills.
   – her skills and qualifications,
     and to be able to search for
     the education and training
     opportunitiesand guidance
     and/or support available.
6. Social and civic competences - definition

                     Social and civic competences

 Includes personal, interpersonal
and intercultural competence and
                                          Equips individuals to fully
 cover all forms of behaviour that
                                       participate in civic life, based on
equip individuals to participate in
                                       knowledge of social and political
 an effective and constructive way
                                        concepts and structures and a
   in social and working life, and
                                          commitment to active and
particularly in increasingly diverse
                                          democratic participation.
  societies, and to resolve conflict
          where necessary.
   Social and civic competences knowledge
                                   & skills
               Knowledge                                     Skills
• It is essential to understand the codes   • The ability to communicate
  of conduct and manners generally            constructively in different
  accepted in different societies and         environments, to show tolerance,
  environments (e.g. at work).                express and understand different
• It is equally important to be aware of      viewpoints, to negotiate with the
  basic concepts relating to individuals,     ability to create confidence, and to
  groups, work organisations, gender          feel empathy.
  equality and non-discrimination,          • Individuals should be capable of
  society and culture.                        coping with stress and frustration
• Understanding the multi-cultural and        and expressing them in a
  socioeconomic dimensions of                 constructive way and should also
  European societies and how national         distinguish between the personal
  cultural identity interacts with the        and professional spheres.
  European identity is essential.
7. Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship -

                           Sense of initiative and

Individual’s ability to   Supports individuals,
    turn ideas into       in their everyday lives
   action; includes           at home and in
                                                     This should include
creativity, innovation      society, also in the
                                                     awareness of ethical
 and risk-taking, as       workplace in being
                                                     values and promote
 well as the ability to    aware of the context
                                                      good governance.
  plan and manage            of their work and
 projects in order to       being able to seize
 achieve objectives.          opportunities.
   Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship
           Knowledge                               Skills
• Includes the ability to identify   • Relate to proactive project
  available opportunities for          management (involving, for
  personal, professional and/or        example the ability to plan,
  business activities,                 organise, manage, lead and
• Understanding of the workings        delegate, analyse, ommunicate,
  of the economy, and the              debrief, evaluate and record),
  opportunities and challenges       • Effective representation and
  facing an employer or                negotiation, and the ability to
  organisation.                        work both as an individual and
• Individuals should be aware of       collaboratively in teams.
  the ethical position of            • The ability to judge and
  enterprises, and how they can        identify one’s strengths and
  be a force for good, for             weaknesses, and to assess and
  example through fair trade or        take risks as and when
  through social enterprise.           warranted, is essential.
  8. Cultural awareness and expression -

• Appreciation of the importance of the
 creative expression of ideas, experiences and
 emotions in a range of media, including
 music, performing arts, literature, and the
 visual arts.
   Cultural awareness and expression
              Knowledge                                  Skills
• Includes an awareness of local,        • Relate to both appreciation and
  national and European cultural           expression: the appreciation and
  heritage and their place in the          enjoyment of works of art
  world.                                   andperformances as well as self-
• It covers a basic knowledge of           expression through a variety of
  major cultural works, including          media using one’s innate capacities.
  popular contemporary culture.          • The ability to relate one’s own
• It is essential to understand the        creative and expressive points of
  cultural and linguistic diversity in     view to the opinions of others and
  Europe and other regions of the          to identify and realise social and
  world, the need to preserve it and       economic opportunities in cultural
  the importance of aesthetic factors      activity.
  in daily life.                         • Cultural expression is essential to
                                           the development of creative skills,
                                           which can be transferred to a
                                           variety of professional contexts.
Based on:
  Reference Framework” Office for Official Publications of the European
  Communities, 2007

Author: Sabina Lagowska

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