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					                                                  Model Test Eight
Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic On the Olympic
Games. You should write at least 120 following the outline given below in Chinese:
1.奥运是当今世界上最令人振奋的事件之一。
2.奥运也给举办国的经济发展带来了机遇。
3.我国(北京)应该如何为奥运做准备。
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on
Answer Sheet 1.
For questions 1 - 7, mark
      Y (for YES)              if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;
      N (for NO)                 if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;
      NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 8 - 10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
                                              Computers Concern You
      When Charles Babbage, a professor of mathematics at Cambridge University, invented the first calculating
machine in 1812 he could hardly have imagined the situation we find ourselves in today. Nearly everything we do
in the modern world is helped, or even controlled, by computers, the complicated descendants of his simple
machine. Computers are being used more and more extensively in the world today, for the simple reason that they
are far more efficient than human beings. They have much better memories and can store huge amounts of
information, and they can do calculations in a fraction of the time taken by a human mathematician. No man alive
can do 500,000 sums in one second, but an advanced computer can. In fact, computers can do many of the things
we do, but faster and better. They can pay wages, reserve seats on planes, control machines in factories, work out
tomorrow's weather, and even play chess, write poetry, or compose music. Let's look now at some of the ways in
which computers concern people in their daily lives and work.
Computers and our Cash
      Mr. Woods, a bank manager, discussed some of the ways in which computers control our cash. "I think most
of our customers realize that in modern banking we make extensive use of computers. They see that the codes on
their cheques are printed in a special way so that they can be read by a computer-computers only seem to like
rather square figures. And when they call in at the bank to find out the balance of their accounts, the clerk no
longer shows them a big book with band-written entries. Instead he goes and gets a print-out from the computer
which records all the details of cash or cheques paid into or drawn out of customers' accounts. The day may soon
come when we no longer need to carry cash around with us, or even a cheque book. The computer where we work
will tell our bank computer how much our salary or wages are—and the government computer how much tax we
should pay! Then when we go shopping we will just show a special card at the check-out point. The code on the
card will be fed into the shop computer, which will check with the bank computer that there is enough money in
our account to pay for the goods we want, and that the card has not been stolen. If all is well, the codes from the
different items will be fed into the computer and the sum owing will be drawn from our account, but only 'on
computer'. No money will ever change hands. Computerized shopping, like computerized banking, will be quick,
safe and convenient."
Computers and our Health
      Nurse Penny Atkins works in a large, modern hospital.
      "We use computers a lot in medicine nowadays. For instance, at the hospital where I work we make patients'
appointments through a computer, which saves a lot of time. So does keeping patients' records on a computer. It
also saves space because you can get so much more information on to a piece of computer tape than a piece of
paper. Another advantage is that anyone who wants information on a patient can get it quickly, or even at the same
time as someone else.
      You just dial the computer. In the past a doctor might take a patient's records away to his room and keep them
for weeks, which could make things difficult for the rest of us! Actually, computers can often do a doctor's work
better than a human being can. Computers don't suffer from lack of sleep, so they don't miss important points. And
because they never forget anything they've ever been told they're often better at working out what's wrong with a
patient, or the best treatment to give him. Some people even think we should all have regular computer checks on
our health and then we would ha able to cure most diseases in the early stages. We'd all spend less time in hospital,
so the future would be better for us overworked nurses!"
Computers Catch Criminals
      Chief Inspector Harston talked about ways in which computers can help the police fight crime.
      "Members of the public often think of detective work as fast and exciting when most of it is slow and boring.
For example, a detective on a stolen car case may have to check through long lists of information, and in the time
it takes him to do this the thief may well escape. With the new National Police Computer we are now able to find
out details of car ownership and driving licenses in a fraction of the time it takes by traditional methods. We are
also developing systems of storing fingerprint information in computers and even information about people's
appearance. It's possible to work out codes for visual details and to link a computer with a videotape recorder
(VTPO. Then, instead of looking through books of photographs we'll be able to ask the computer to sort out the
right ones, and see photographs of suspects flashed across a VTR screen. In police work speed is often essential,
so computers are ideal for helping catch criminals. The only problem is that we now have a new kind of
criminal—the very clever man who knows how to make huge sums of money by cheating a computer, and he is
very difficult indeed to catch."
1. Charles Babbage was tile person who invented the first calculating machine.
2. Computers can do 500,000 sums in one minute, faster and better than we can.
3. The clay has already come when people needn't carry bank notes, coins, or even a cheque book any longer
because of the use of computers.
4. When you go shopping, you can show the shop-assistant the special card and get the goods you want
immediately.
5. Both computerized shopping and banking will be quick, safe and route convenient than traditional ones.
6. The more the computer is used at the hospital, the better the doctor's work can be efficiently improved.
7. Sometimes computers also need some "rest" for better working efficiency.
8. Some people even think if our health is checked by the computer used at the hospital regularly,______.
9. With the new National Police Computer we are now able to find out details of car ownership and driving
licenses ______.
10. In police work speed is often very vital, so computers are ______.
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each
conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions
will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must reed the four
choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on
Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A) The man and the woman are operators. B) The man is trying to catch up with Tom.
      C) Tile man is telephoning Tom.              D) The man and the woman are very busy.
12. A) They need to print more invitations.
      B) A few people will come for the party.
      C) More people will be invited to the party.
     D) The woman disagrees with the man.
13. A) Try to speak Italian well.                  B) Go to Italy to earn some money.
     C) Work as a tutor to pay her tuition.          D) Have a trip to Italy to enjoy herself.
14. A) Jim asked somebody else to paint the house.
     B) Jim's house was not painted because he was busy.
     C) Jim painted the house himself.
     D) Somebody will paint the house for Jim.
15. A) He is tired of doing homework.               B) He finds it hard to fall asleep,
     C) He is used to staying up all night.          D) He has to finish his homework first.
16. A) She went to the party without knowing it.
     B) She was invited to the party,
     C) She was present for the party.
     D) She was absent from the party.
17. A) Repair the car himself.                      B) Sell the car and take a train to work.
     C) Sell his old car and buy a new one.          D) Find a new repair shop,
18. A) The woman will take a direct flight.
     B) The woman's destination is San Francisco.
     C) The woman will go to Vegas first and then to San Francisco.
     D) The woman wants to go to San Francisco by a direct flight.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) He looks for some information far his hair loss.
     B) He seeks some information for his company.
     C) He relaxes himself by reading some news on the Net.
     D) He emails some information about the treatment of hah' loss.
20. A) He feels medical treatment is still unproven for his condition.
     B) He is worried about the side effects of the drugs.
     C) He thinks the treatment is too expensive.
     D) Ha doesn't believe drugs are effective.
21. A) He continues to look for other solutions to his problem.
     B) He decides to visit a doctor at his sister's urging.
     C) Ha finally accepts that state of his condition.
     D) He shows doubts about the effect of drugs.
22. A) Extreme stress.                         B) Hair loss.
      C) Declining health.                         D) Mental trouble.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation, you have just beard.
23. A) Salt Lake City, USA.                     B) New York City, USA.
      C) Helsinki, Finland.                         D) Stockholm, Sweden,
24. A) The twenty-first.                       B) The twenty-second.
      C) The twenty-third.                           D) The twenty-fourth.
25. A) He asked for a specially-prepared dinner.
     B) He wanted an aisle seat.
     C) He requested a blanket for his baby.
     D) He asked for a seat near the front of the plane.
Section B
Directions: In this section, you will hair 3 short passage. At the end of each passage, you will hear some
questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After lair a question, you must choose the
best answer from the four choices marked A) , B ) , C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A) Because of their love for hobbies and pastimes.
     B) Because of their enthusiasm for sports.
     C) Because of their fear of heart attacks.
     D) Because of their strong desire for good health.
27. A) It remained almost unchanged.               B) It was going up slowly.
     C) It was decreasing.                          D) It was increasing.
28. A) Those who have heart attacks.
     B) Those who have the desire to be physically fit.
     C) Those who have spare time.
     D) Those who have inactive jobs.
passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are lined on the passage you have just heard.
29. A) He is always in a hurry.
     B) He is quick in making decisions.
     C) He is always the first to arrive at the airport.
     D) He usually doesn't get the reward he deserves.
30. A) He misses his flight.
     B) He can find a good seat.
     C) He leaves the airport lust at the end of the trip.
     D) His luggage comes out last.
31. A) He was told to board the wrong plane.
      B) He was not allowed to board the plane.
      C) He arrived at the airport without a ticket.
      D) He found it difficult to explain why he arrived so early.
Passage Three
Questions 32 to 35 are lined on the passage you have just heard.
32. A) Because both have a limited supply of air, water, and other resources.
     B) Because the Earth moves around the sun as fast as a spaceship.
     C) Because we can travel to outer space.
     D) Because the Earth never stops moving.
33. A) About 80 miles per second.                   B) About 70 miles per second.
     C) About 18 miles per second.                   D) About 17 miles per second.
34. A) Because the Earth is heavily polluted.
     B) Because nature cannot recycle its resources.
     C) Because there are more and more people living on the Earth.
     D) Because no more new resources can be added.
35. A) Nature has changed our environment over the years.
     B) We must avoid wasting resources and polluting our environment.
     C) Our resources are nearly used up.
     D) Trips to other planets will help eliminate pollution.
Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you
should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in
the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have
just heard or write down the main point .in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
you should check what you have written.
      The modern age is an age of electricity. People are so used to electric lights, radios, televisions, and
telephones that it is hard to (36) what life would be like without them. When there is a power failure, people
(37) about in faint candlelight, cars         (38) in the streets because there are no traffic lights to guide them,
and food (39) . in silent in refrigerators.
      Yet people began to understand how electricity works only a little more than two centuries ago. Nature has
(40) been experimenting in this field for millions of years. Scientists are discovering more and more that the
living world may hold many interesting         (41) of electricity that could benefit (42)
      All living    (43) send out tiny pulses of electricity. (44) The brain, too, sends out brain waves of
electricity, which can be recorded in an electric device. (45)        —often so small that sensitive instruments are
needed to record them. But for some animals, certain muscled cells have become so specialized as electrical
generators that they do not work as muscle cells at all. (46)
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (reading in Depth)
Sect ion A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You ars required to select one word for each blank
from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before
making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for
each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank
more than
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
      The long years of food shortage in this country have suddenly given way to apparent richness. Stores and
shops are choked with food. Rationing (定量供应) is virtually (47) , and overseas suppliers have been asked
to hold hack deliveries. Yet, instead of joy, there is widespread uneasiness and confusion. Why do food prices
keep on rising, when there seems to be so much more food about? Is tile        (48) only temporary, or has it come
to stay? Does it mean that we need to think less now about producing more food at home? No one knows what to
expect.
      The recent growth of export surpluses on the world food market has certainly been unexpectedly great, partly
because a strange (49) of two successful grain harvests. North America is now being followed by a third.
Most of Britain's overseas suppliers of meat, too, are offering more this year and home production has also risen.
      But the effect of all this on the food situation in this country has been made worse by a        (50) rise in
food prices, due chiefly to the gradual cutting down of government support for food. The shops are overstocked
with food not only because there is more food (51) , but also because people, frightened by high prices, are
buying less of it.
      Moreover, the rise in      (52) prices has come at a time when world prices have begun to fall, with the
result that imported food, with the exception of grain, is often cheaper than the home-produced variety. And now
grain prices, too, are falling. Consumers are beginning to ask why they should not be enabled to benefit from this
(53) .
      The significance of these developments is not lost on farmers. The older generation has seen it all happen
before. Despite the present price and market         (54) , farmers fear they are about to be (55) between
cheap food imports and a (56) home market. Present production is running at 51 percent above prewar
levels, and the government has called for an expansion to 60 percent by 1956; but repeated Ministerial advice is
carrying little weight and the expansion programme is not working very well.
A sequence           B domestic        C squeezed         D guarantees
E continuation F suspended              G fashion          H simultaneous
I trend             J abundance        K contracting       L halted
M available         N shrinking        O assures
Section B
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best
choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following
      Scratchy throats, stuffy noses and body aches all spell misery, but being able to tell ff the cause is a cold or
fin may make a difference in how long the misery lasts.
      The American Lung Association (ALA) has issued new guidelines on combating colds and the flu, and one of
the keys in being able to quickly tell the two apart. That's because the prescription drugs available for the flu need
to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds, the sooner a person starts taking over-the-counter remedy,
the sooner relief will come.
      The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses. More than 200 viruses can cause cold symptoms,
while the flu is caused by three viruses—flu A, B, and C. There is no cure for either illness, but the flu can be
prevented by the flu vaccine, which is, for most people, the best way to fight the flu, according to the ALA.
      But if the flu does strike, quick action can help. Although the flu and common cold have many similarities,
there are more obvious signs to look for.
      Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, runny nose and scratchy throat typically develop gradually, and adults
and teens often do not get a fever. On the other hand, fever is one of the characteristic features of the flu for all
ages. And in general, flu symptoms including fever and chills, sore throat and body aches come on suddenly and
are more severe than cold symptoms.
      The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when infant and preschool age children have the flu.
It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flu-like symptoms.
      Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as well. However, children and
teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for pain relief because of the risk of Reye syndrome, a rare but
serious condition of the liver and central nervous system.
      There is, of course, no vaccine for the common cold. But frequent hand washing and avoiding close contact
with people who have colds can reduce the likelihood of catching one.
57. According to the author, knowing the cause of the misery will help ______.
       A) shorten the duration of the illness
      B) the patient buy medicine over the counter
      C) the patient obtain cheaper prescription drugs
      D) prevent people from catching colds and the flu
58. We learn from the passage that ______.
      A) one doesn't need to take any medicine if he has a cold or the flu
      B) aspirin should not be included in over-the-counter medicines for the flu
      C) delayed treatment of the flu will harm the liver and central nervous system
      D) over-the-counter drugs can be taken to ease the misery caused by a cold or the flu
59. According to the passage, to combat the flu effectively,______.
      A) one should identify the virus which causes it
      B) one should consult a doctor as soon as possible
      C) one should take medicine upon catching the disease
      D) one should remain alert when the disease is spreading
60. Which of the following symptoms will distinguish the flu from a cold?
      A) A stuffy nose.                                B) A high temperature.
      C) A sere throat.                                D) A dry cough.
61. If children have flu-like symptoms, their parents ______.
      A) are advised not to give them aspirin
      B) should watch out for signs of Reye syndrome
      C) are encouraged to take them to hospital for vaccination
      D) should prevent them from mixing with people running a fever
Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
      Exercise is one of the few factors with a positive role in long-term maintenance of body weight.
Unfortunately, that message has not gotten through to the average American, who would rather try switching to
"light" beer and low-calorie bread than increase physical exertion. The Centers for Disease Control, for example,
found that fewer than one-fourth of overweight adults who were trying to shed pounds said they were combining
exercise with their diet.
      In rejecting exercise, some people may be discouraged too much by calorie-expenditure charts, for example,
one would have to briskly walk three miles just to work off the 275 calories in one delicious Danish pastry. Even
exercise professionals concede half a point here. "Exercise by itself is a very tough way to lose weight." said York
Onnen, program director of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.
      Still exercise's supporting role in weight reduction is vital. A study at the Boston University Medical Center
of overweight police officers and other public employees confirmed that those who dieted without exercise
regained almost all their old weight, while those who worked exercise into their daily routine maintained their
new weight.
      If you have been sedentary (极少活动的) and decide to start walking one mile a day, the added exercise
could burn an extra 100 calories daily. In a year's time, assuming no increase in food intake, you could lose ten
pounds. By increasing the distance of your walks gradually and making other dietary adjustments, you may lose
even more weight.
62. What is said about the average American in the passage?
      A) They tend to exaggerate the healthful effect of "light" beer.
      B) They usually ignore the effect of exercise on losing weight.
      C) They prefer "light" beer and low-calorie bread to other drinks and food.
      D) They know the factors that play a positive role in keeping down body weight.
63. Some people dislike exercise because ______.
      A) they think it is physically exhausting
      B) they find it hard to exercise while on a diet
      C) they don't think it possible to walk three miles every day
      D) they find consulting calorie-expenditure charts troublesome
64. "Even exercise professionals concede half a point here" (Line 3, Para. 2) means "They ______."
        A) agree that the calories in a small piece of pastry can be difficult to work off by exercise
        B) partially believe diet plays a supporting role in weight reduction
        C) are not fully convinced that dieting can help maintain one's new weight
        D) are not sufficiently informed of the positive role of exercise in losing weight
65. What was confirmed by the Boston University Medical Center's study?
        A) Controlling one's calorie intake is more important than doing exercise.
       B) Even occasional exercise can help reduce weight.
       C) Weight reduction is impossible without exercise.
       D) One could lose ten pounds in a year's time if there's no increase in food intake.
66. What is the author's purpose in writing this article?
       A) To justify the study of the Boston University Medical Center.
       B) To stress the importance of maintaining proper weight.
       C) To support the statement made by York Onnen.
       D) To show the most effective way to lose weight.
Part Ⅴ Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C)
and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
     For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. It also means work. To keep up their work they must
read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines: A
never-ending flood of words. In        (67) a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend (68)
can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are          (69)
readers. Most of us develop poor reading.            (70)     at an early age, and never get over them. The main
deficiency      (71)     in the actual stuff of language itself— words. Taken individually, words have        (72)
meaning until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs. (73) , whereas, the untrained
reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one word at a time, often regressing to            (74)
words or passages. Regression, the habit to look back over         (75) you have just read, is a common bad habit
in reading. Another habit which         (76) down the speed of reading is vocalization — sounding each word
either orally or mentally as      (77) reads.
     To get over these bed habits, some reading clinics use a device called an         (78) , which moves a bar (or
curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set at a slightly hater rate     (79) the reader finds
comfortable, in order to "stretch" him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast,       (80) word-by-word
reading, regression and sub-vocalization, practically impossible. At first (81) is sacrificed for speed. But
when a poor reader learns to read ideas and concepts, he will not only read faster,              (82)  his reading
comprehension will improve. Many people have found (83) reading skill drastically improved after some
mining.      (84) Charles Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 163
words a minute       (85) the training, now it is an excellent 1,273 words a minute. He is delighted that how he
can     (86) a lot more reading material in a short period of time.
67. A) applying             B) managing             C) offering            D) getting
68. A) quickly             B) easily               C) roughly            D) decidedly
69. A) good                 13) curious              C) poor                D) urgent
70. A) training              B) habits               C) situations          D) custom
71. A) lies                  B) combines              C) touches              D) involves
72. A) some                  B) a lot               C) little              D) dull
73. A) Fortunately         B) In fact             C) Logically           D) Unfortunately
74. A) reuse                 B) reread               C) rewrite             D) recite
75. A) what               B) which              C) that              D) if
76. A) scales               B) cuts                  C) slows               D) measures
77. A) some one             B) one                  C) he                  D) reader
78. A) accelerator          B) actor                  C) amplifier           D) observer
79. A) to                   B) then                C) beyond               D) than
80. A) enabling             B) leading              C) making               D) indicating
81. A) meaning              B) comprehension        C) key                D) regression
82. A) but                 B) unless               C) or                 D) for
83. A) our                B) your               C) their            D) such a
84. A) Look at             B) Take               C) Make              D) Consider
85. A) afterward            B) beforehand          C) after              D) before
86. A) master              B) go over              C) present            D) get through
Part Ⅵ Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
87. All the people working for Sam Walton admire ______.(他管理沃尔玛公司的方法和他对待员工的方式).
88. Jenny is old enough to ______. (该明白不应该整天玩电脑游戏).
89. When the passenger woke up,______.(他发现自己躺在医院的病房里).
90. ______.(设法留出时间)to do some mending jobs.
91. ______.(要是她没有把那件事告诉大卫), everything would have been all right.
                                                      Model Test Eight
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
1—7 Y N N NG Y Y N
8. moat diseases can be cured in the early stages
9. in a very short time
10. ideal for helping catch criminals
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension
11—18 CCCADDCB                              19—25 A A A B C C A
26—30 D C D D C                                 31—35 ABCDB
36. imagine             37. grope             38. hesitate          39. spoils
40. apparently           41. secrets             42. humanity          43. cells
44. As the heart beats, it sends out pulses that can be measured and recorded on the surface of the body
45. The electric currents generated by most living cells are extremely small
46. When large numbers of these cells are linked together, the effect can be astonishing
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension
Section A
47. suspended           48. abundance          49. sequence          50. simultaneous
51. available            52. domestic           53. trend             54. guarantees
55. squeezed        56. shrinking
Section B
57—61 A D C B A                                                                  62—66 BA B CD
67--86 DACBA CDBAC BADCB ACBDD
Part Ⅵ Translation
87. the way he manages Wal-Mart and the way he treats his employees
88. know better than to spend all her time playing computer games
89. he found himself lying in a hospital ward
90. Try and set aside some time
91. if only she hadn't told David about that
Part Ⅰ Writing
                                               On the Olympic Games
      The Olympic Games is an exciting world event. First, it is a great occasion for athletes to demonstrate their
skills and to set new world records. Medals are awarded and national anthems are played. And this encourages
further development in physical culture. Besides, the Games, held every four years, are broadcast live, providing
much exciting entertainment for people all over the world. Millions of tourists go to the host country to watch the
games with their own eyes. Hardly is one game over when people begin to look forward to the next.
      The Olympic Games also brings a great opportunity for the economy of the host country. Tourists spend
much money on hotels and on gifts to be brought home. Businessmen who are impressed by the environment will
invest in new projects in the host country. Besides the organizer will also get a lot of profit from the television
broadcast of the games. All this will contribute to the economical development of the host country.
      As the host of the 2008 Olympic Games, ]Beijing has much to do to make it a success. First, much attention
should be paid to the improvement of the environment. More trees should be planted and pollution cut down so
that Beijing will become a cleaner and more beautiful city. In addition, as members of the host city, the people of
Beijing should learn foreign languages and learn good manners so that the ' guests from all over the world find
their stay in Beijing a pleasant experience.
      In a word, in order to succeed, the city of Beijing has a lot of work to do.
 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
1. 第一段第一句话指出              “When Charles Babbage, professor of mathematics at Cambridge University,
                                                       a                                                   invented
the first calculating machine in 1812 he could hardly have imagined the situation we find ourselves in today.  ”剑
桥大学的数学教授查尔斯,于 1812 年发明了第一个计算机器,此项发明令他难于想橡今天我们使用(计算
机)的情形,由此可知题干符合原文内容.
2. 第一段倒数第三、             四句话指出      “No man alive can do 500, sums in one second, an advanced computer
                                                                   000                     but
can.In fact,computers can do many of the things we do,but faster and better.       ”没有哪一个人能够在一秒内
算出 500,000 个数据,但是一部先进的计-算机可以,实际上,它能够做许多我们做的事情,而且既快又
好。题干表达的则是在一分钟之内,不正确,由此可知属干不符合原文。
3. 第二段第六句话指出               “The day may soon come when we no longer need to carry cash around with us, even or
a cheque book.   ”我们不需要随身携带现金,甚至不需要支票夹的那一天很快就会到来,题干说已经到来不
符合原文意思。
4. 第二段倒数第四句话指出                 “The code on the card will be fed into the shop computer,   which will check with the
band computer that there is enough money in our account to pay for the goods we want,and that the card has not
been stolen.  ”卡上的密码将会输入商店中的计算机,与银行计算机联网查看是否有足够的钱付我们要买的
货物,井确认卡上的存款没有被偷窃,而题干中表达的意思,原文未提及。
5.第二段最后一句话指出“Computerized shopping,like computerized banking,will be quick,safe and
convenient.   ”计算机化的购物既快捷、安全又方便,题千符合原文。
6.文章第四段指出“For instance,at the hospital where I work we make patients’appointments through a
            .
computer..Another advantage is that anyone who wants information on a patient can get it Quickly,Oreven at
the same time as someone else.    ”我所工作的医院,可以用计算机为病人预约,节省了许多时间,可以用计
算机记录病人的病志,又可以节省纸张,另一个优点是可以
 通过计算机快速地找到病人的信息,题干与原文相符,所以正确。
7. 第五段指出        “Computers don't suffer from lack of sleep, they don't miss important points.
                                                                so                                And because they
never forget anything they've ever been told they're often better at working out what's wrong with a patient,or the
best treatment to give him.  ”计算机不需要睡眠,所以不会丢失重要数据,又因为不会忘记任何被输入的数
据而能够更好地检测病人的病情或给予最佳的治疗,题干“有些计算机也需要休息”与原文不相符。
8. 文章第五段指出"Some people even think… We'd all spend less time in hospital, the future would be better
                                                                                        so
for us overworked nurses!”有些人甚至认为我们应该用计-算机进行常规检查以便可以在早期进行治疗,缩
短看病时间,也减轻我们护士的繁重工作。由此可知此处该填 most diseases can be cured in the early stages.
9.文章倒数第一段第三句话指出"With the new National Police Computer we are now able to find out details of
car ownership and driving licenses in a fraction of the time taken by traditional methods.  ”通过新的全国公安系
统计算机能够在极短时间内查到车主及驾照的详细信息,由此可知此处该填 in a very short time。
10.文章最后一段的倒数第二句话指出"In police work speed is often essential,so computers are ideal for
                          ”
helping catch criminals. 在公安系统中工作速度是最重要的,                      所以计算机是帮助追查罪犯的理想工具,                        ideal
for helping catch criminals 即是答案。
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension。
11.男士说他找不到汤姆,线路忙,女士则建议道,挂线后再试,这里判断出 C 项“男士在给汤姆打电话”
正确。
12.关键词是"The more,the merrier.         ”(越多越开心),C 项“更多的人会被邀请参加晚会”是正确选项。
13.女士说,        “rate tuition'’学费不断上涨,恐怕明年我不能在这里学习了,男士则说,你的意大利语如此
棒,为何不去做几个家教?由此,C 项“做家教付学费”是正确答案。
14.女士说,吉姆自己刷的房子吗?男士回答说,他太忙了让别人刷的,关键词组是 had it painted,所以 A
项“吉姆叫别人粉刷的房子”是正确的。
15.女士问,为什么还不上床睡觉,男士看上去很疲倦,男士回答道,首先需要完成作业,对于他来说是
一项难差事,所以 D 项“他不得不首先完成作业”是正确的答案。
16.男士提到,周日晚上有晚会,问女士是否参加了,女士回答说,要是我知道有晚会,我会参加的,暗
示她并不知道,这里考查虚拟语气的用法,D 项“她缺席晚会”是正确的答案。
17.男士抱怨说他的车又在修理店了,而且已经是本月第三次了,女士建议男士可以考虑再买一辆新车,
C 项“卖了旧车买一辆新车”为正确答案。
18.女士问,是直达航班吗?男士回答道,恐怕会在维加斯停留,但马上会到达旧金山,由此推断出 B 项
女士的目的地是“旧金山”为正确选项。
   19.对话中,我们捕捉到“Baldness?…you're not that bad off…could wear a wig?…permanent hair loss….                    ”
wig 是“假发”的意思,A 项“他在寻求治理脱发信息”是正确的选项。
20,从对话内容“…I still don't give much confidence to medical treatment to prevent permanent hairless.        ”可以
看出 A 项“他觉得药物能否对他的脱发起一定的作用还未被证实”这个选项最切题.
21.                      “..
     根据对话的后半段 . I just can't give up hope .I know appearances shouldn't matter, I don’ know. but      t      I
just feel that women just avoid me.”男士仍然觉得他的脱发是女士疏远他的重要原因,A 项“他会继续寻找
解决的办法”是正确选项。
22.显然,整个对话都是关于男士的脱发问题展开讨论,所以 B 项为最佳选项。
23.对话中男士答到“…I'm flying to Helsinki,Finland.,所以他的目的地是 C 项。”
24.男士说“.…I'd like to make a flight reservation for the twenty-third of this month.      ”可知,他的离开日期
是 C 项。
25.对话中说“I'd like to request a vegetarian meal.      ”可以判断 A 项“要求特别准备的晚餐”为正确选项。
26.从短文语句“The desire to be physically fit is explained bye‘passion’for good health.            ”可得出结论,美
国人喜欢运动是为了更加健康,D 项“为了健康原因”是正确的选项。
27.  要注意短文中                                                                                           ”
                   “…heart attacks began to decrease between 1972 and 1974 and it is still decreasing. 的含义。
可以看出 C 项“在下降”是正确答案。
28.短文中“…many doctors encourage.their patients to become more physically active,especially those who
have inactive jobs. ”特别是从事缺少运动工作的人受到鼓励去参加体育锻炼,D 项符合对话内容。
29.从短文中“But there is no justice.…get on the plane first but it will be the last luggage to come off the
plane.…no matter how early…called two or three days ahead of me and asked for that seat…,       ”可以看出,早
到达机场的旅客并不能得到应当得到的回报,                           所以 D 项    “总是不能得到他应该获取的回报”                        是正确的选项。
30.短文提到了“…early airport person….luggage will get on the plane first but it will be the last luggage to
come off the plane when we land . ”从中,我们知道最早到达机场的人是最后一个才能拿到行李,所以可知
晚到机场的人是最早拿到行李,所以会先离开机场,C 项“先离开机场”是正确的选项。
31.  短文告诉我们        “…it's only 7:00 A.M. and the 7:05 A.M. flight has not left yet. you hurry you can make it”
                                                                                   If
所以我们知道,他被告知可以乘坐不是他购买的早些起飞的航班,所以他感到很尴尬,故 A 项“他被告知
可以乘坐不是他购买机票的航班”是正确的。
32.首先要理解单词 compare,是“比较”的意思,指找出相同点,短文中第一句话“…on a spaceahip, the
planet Earth.We move around the sun at l8miles per second and never stop,         ”可以判断,B 项“与其他星球一
样围绕着太阳转”是正确的。
33. 根据短文的第二句话                                                                                 ”
                           “We move around the sun at l8miles per second and never stop. 可知 C 项是正确的。
34.短文中有这样一句话“The environment on our planet is a closed system:Nothing new is ever added.                      ”可
以了解到,D 项“没有新的再可增加的资源”是正确的选项。
35.短文中有这样的句子“…Over the years,people have changed the environment,and we have pollution.                          ”
可以判断环境的改变以及人类造成的污染是导致资源缺乏的主要原因,B 项“我们要避免浪费资源和污染
环境,是正确的答案.
36.前面提到现代社会是一个电的时代,然后说难以想像没有电的生活是怎样的,所以这个空格处应填入
imagine。
   37.时间状语从句,停电的时候,人们点着微弱的蜡烛摸索着生活,小汽车在街上踯躅不前,因为没有
交通灯指引,所以这里填上 grope“摸索”合适。
38. 没有电,     红绿灯无法指引车辆前行,                  所以车辆只能在混乱的街上停滞不前,                          再根据录音,    这里填上 hesitate
比较合适。
39.此句和前面的各个半句是并列结构,空格前面是主语 food,缺少谓语动词,宾语是冰箱不工作,可以
知道此处应为一个动词且需含有贬义的概念,再根据录音,spoil 为正确词汇,主语是单数第三人称,要加
-s。
40. ;这里应填一个副词,前面一句陈述的是人们只是在不到二百年的时间才了解电,后句的主语是自然,
根据听音,所以这里填 apparently “明显地”更为合适。
41.前面短文叙述的是科学家们正在发现越来越多的关于电的知识,这里应为一个名词,                                                        “有趣的”修饰
的名词,再听音,所以是 secret,又前面有 many 因此要加-s.
42.动词是 benefit,主语是电,这里应是填一个宾语,而且应该使人类受益,所以是 humanity.
43.这里需要一个主语,后半句是发出少量的电冲击波,再听录音,确定为 cell,需加-s。
44-46(omitted)
                               Tape Script of Listening Comprehension Test Eight
Section A
11. M: I can't reach Tom. There's a busy signal.
W: Then hang up and try again later.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
12. M: Shouldn't we invite more people to the party?
W: The more, the merrier.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
13. W: The rate tuition is keeping rising, I'm afraid I won't be able to stay here next year.
M: You speak Italian so well! Why don't you tutor students in Italian?
Q: What does the man suggest the woman to do?
14. W: Did Jim paint the house himself?
M: He had it painted because he was too busy.
Q: What do you know from the conversation?
15. W: Why don't you go to bed, Jimmy?. You look fired. M: I have to finish this assignment fast. It's giving me a
hard time.
Q: What do we learn about the man?
16. M: There was a party on our school campus Sunday evening. Did you go
W: Had I known about the party, I would have been present for it.
Q: What do we learn about the woman?
17. M: My car is in the repair shop again. It is the third time this month.
W: Maybe you should consider trading it in for a new one.
Q: What does the woman advise the man to do?
18. W.. By the way, this is a direct flight, isn't it?
M: No. I'm afraid there% a stopover in Vegas. But you’ll be in San Francisco in no time at all.
Q: What can you learn from the conversation?
Now you'll hear two long conversations
Conversation One
W: Ron, what are you doing?
M: Ah, nothing. I'm just looking up some information on the Internet.
W: Like what? Let me see.
M: No, no, it's okay. I mean, you know.
W: Baldness? What are you looking that up for? Well, you know I , I mean, you're not that bad off.
M: Ah, there you go. Bringing it up again!
W: No. I mean it. You look great] Honestly, it's not that bad.
M: Hey, I get enough of it from friends, and the people at work, and now from you!
W: Well, maybe you could wear a wig? I think you'd look great.
M: Oh no. And have it slip off my head on to my date's dinner plate as I lean over to kiss her?
W: Well, have you ever thought about seeking medical advice? There are new advances in medicines that not only
prevent hair loss, but help stimulate new growth.
M: Ah, I still don't give much confidence to medical treatment to prevent permanent hair loss.
W: Well, what about accepting the fact that you're just losing your hair?
M: I just can't give up hope. I know appearances shouldn't matter, but I don't know. I just feel that women just
avoid me.
W: Come on. You can't be serious.
M: No, really. I've seen it many times. It just, I don't know.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. Why is the man surfing the Internet according to the dialogue?
20. Why does the man hesitate about seeking medical treatment for his condition?
21. What does the man probably do at the end of the conversation?
22. What is the main problem discussed in the dialogue?
Conversation Two
W: Freedom Travel. How may I help you?
M: Yes, I' d like to make a flight reservation for the twenty-third of this month.
W: Okay. What is your destination?
M: Well. I'm flying to Helsinki, Finland.
W: Okay. Let me check what flights are available? And when will you be returning.
M: Uh, well, I' d like to catch a return flight on the twenty-ninth. Oh, and I' d like the cheapest flight available.
W: Okay. Let me see. Urn, hmm ...
M: Yeah?
W: Well, the price for the flight is almost double the price you would pay if you leave the day before.
M: Who. Let's go with the cheaper flight. By the way, how much is it?.
W: It's only $ 980.
M: Alright. Well, let's go with that.
W: Okay. That's flight 1070 from Salt Lake City to New York, Kennedy Airport, transferring to flight 90 from
Kennedy to Helsinki
M: And what are the departure and arrival time for each of those flights?
W: It leaves Salt Lake City at 10:00 A.M., arriving in New York at 4:35 P.M., then transferring to flight 90 at 5:55
P.M., and arriving in Helsinki at 8,30 A.M. the next day.
M: Alright. And, I'd like to request a vegetarian meal.
W: Sure no problem. And could I hove your name please?
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation yon have just heard.
23. What is the man's destination?
24. When is the man's departure date?
25. What request did the man make regarding his flight?
Section B
Passage One
      In recent years, many Americans of both sexes and various ages hove become interested in improving their
bodies. They hove become devoted to physical fitness..
      Many people hove a strong desire to be more physically fit. By nature, Americans are enthusiastic and
energetic about hobbies Or pastimes.
      Many of them apply this enthusiasm, optimism, and energy to running. As a result, there are running clubs to
join and numerous books and magazines to read about running.
      The desire to be physically fit is explained by a "passion" for good health. The high rate of heart attacks in
the 1960s caused an increase of interest in improving the human body.
      Middle-aged men especially suffer from heart attacks. Thus, there is a group which strongly interested in
more physical exercises. In fact, many doctors encourage their patients to become more physically active,
especially those who hove inactive jobs. It is interesting to note that the rate of heart attacks began to decrease
between 1972 and 1974 and it is still decreasing. Physical fitness has now become a new "love" of Americans.
Will it last long?. Only time will tell or until another "new passion" comes along.
Questions 26 to 28 are bused on the passage you have just heard.
26. Why are Americans so interested in physical exercises?
27. What about the rate of heart attacks between 1972 and 1974 in the United States?
28. What kind of patient is especially encouraged to take part in physical exercises?
Passage Two
      After years of study, I hove determined there are only two types of people in this world: Those who get to the
airport early and those who walk in just as the plane is about to take off. If there were any justice in the world, the
early airport people would be rewarded for doing the right thing and the late airport people would be punished.
But there is no justice. I know I hove been an early airport person for years. My luggage will get on the plane first
but it will be the last luggage to come off the plane when we land. You know who really gets his luggage first
when we land? The late airport person, who rushes into the airport three minutes before the plane takes off. "But if
I get there real early," I told myself, "I will get the best seat." Well, no matter how early I showed up, I was always
told that someone had called two or three days ahead of me and asked for that seat. The utmost embarrassment of
the early airport person happened to me a few years ago when I was flying from New York to Chicago, When I
got to the ticket counter, the person there said, "Sir, you hove a seat on the 9:15 A.M. flight, is that right?" "Yea. ' I
said. "Well, it's only 7:00 A. M. and the 7:05 A.M. flight has not left yet. If you hurry you can make it." I was too
embarrassed to say that I arrived early so I wouldn't have to hurry. Instead, I ran down the corridor to the plane.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. What does the speaker say about the early airport person?
30. What usually happens to the late airport person?
31. What made the speaker feel embarrassed?
Passage Three
      In a way, all of us are on a spaceship, the planet Earth. We move around the sun at 18 miles per second and
never stop. On our spaceship we have five billion people and a limited supply of air, water, and land. These
supplies have to be used carefully because we can't buy new air, water, or land from anywhere else.
      The environment on our planet is a closed system Nothing new is ever added. Nature recycles its resources.
Water, for example, evaporates and rises as visible drops to form clouds. This same water returns to the earth as
rain or snow. The rain that falls today is actually the same water that fell on the land 70 million years ago.
      Today, the Earth is in trouble. Factories pour dirty water into our rivers. Many fish die and the water become
unhealthy for people to drink. Cars and factories put poisons into the air and cause plants, animals and people to
get sick. People throw bottles and paper out of their car windows, and the roadside becomes covered with all sorts
of wastes. Over the years, people have changed the environment, and we have pollution.
      To continue to survive, we must learn how to use the Earth's resources wisely. We have to change our habits
and stop dumping such enormous amounts of industrial waste into the water and air. We must cooperate with
nature and learn better ways to use, not to abuse, our environment.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. Why does the speaker compare the Earth to a spaceship?
33. How fast does the planet Earth travel around the sun?
34. Why does the speaker advise us to use the Earth's resources wisely?.
35. What message is the speaker trying to convey?
Section C
      The modern age is an age of electricity. People are so used to electric lights, radios, televisions, and
telephones that it is hard to (36) imagine what life would be like without them. When there is a power failure,
people (37) grope about in faint candlelight, cars (38) hesitate 'in the streets because there are no traffic lights to
guide them, and food (39) spoils in silent in refrigerators.
      Yet people began to understand how electricity works only a little more than two centuries ago. Nature has
(40) apparently been experimenting in this field for millions of years. Scientists are discovering more and more
that the living world may hold many interesting (41) secrets of electricity that could benefit (42) humanity.
      All living (43) cells send out tiny pulses of electricity. (44) As the heart beats, it studs out pulses that can be
measured and recorded on the surface of the body. The brain, too, sends out brain waves of electricity, which can
be recorded in an electric device. (45) The electric currents generated by most living cells are extremely
small—often so small that sensitive instruments are needed to record them. But for some animals, certain muscled
cells have become so specialized as electrical generators that they do net work as muscle cells at all. (46) When
large numbers of these cells are linked together, the effect can be astonishing.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in Depth)
Section A
47.  此处需要一个形容词作表语,                     根据前一句可知,            商店里满是食物。            定量供应实际上已经中止了。                     suspend
意为“中止,暂停”              。
48.此处需要一个名词做主语,前一句有 much food 这样的字眼,所以 abundance“充足”符合句义.
49.a sequence of 是一个固定搭配,意为“一系列的,连续的”                                   。
50.此处需要一个形容词来修饰名词做定语,前文提到粮食丰收产量增加,同时出现的是价格的上扬,二
者是同时存在的,所以 simultaneous“同时的,一齐的,同时发生的”符合句童。
51.此处要求一个可以做后置定语的形容词来修饰 food,available 是“可用的,现成的”的意思.
52.上一段描述了世界市场的情况,这一段阐述了国内市场的情形,domestic 意为“国内的”                                                            。
53.此处需要一个名词来做 from 的宾语,前面提到粮食价格下降,表明是一种发展变化的趋势,trend“趋
势”之意正好与之相呼应。
54.此处需填人动词做从句的谓语,而此句是一个让步状语从句,上文中提到价格和市场的变化,后面的
主句说农民们害怕被排挤,尽管有价格和市场作为保障,guarantee“保证,确保”更为贴切.
55.此处需要过去分词,状语是在廉价的进口食物和不断萎缩的国内市场之间的情况,农民们受到排挤,
因此,squeeze 完成句意.
56.home market 是国内市场,由上下文我们知道国内市场在不断缩小,shrink“缩小,缩水”符合句意.
Section B
Passage One
57.事实细节题。答案在文章首段:嗓子疼、鼻塞、肌肉疼痛都意味着疾病,但是能够区分出造成这种情
况的原因是感冒还是流感对疾病持续时间长短很重要.解题关键是对 make a difference 这个短语的理解,
该短语意为“有影响,很重要”                     ,即如果能够区分出是得了感冒还是流感对于缩短患病时间很重要,故选
项 A 正确。选项 B 和 C 文章中未提及:文中其他段落虽然提到非处方药,但它并不是区分感冒和流感的
方法,故排除选项 D。
58.  细节题。     根据第七段第一句             “Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as
well. ”(服用非处方药会减轻感冒和流感的症状。)选项 D 的内容是对原文内容的同义转述。也可以排除选
项 A。接下来的内容说,不可随意让少年儿童服用阿斯匹林,而 B 项则完全排除该药,然而,成年人则可
以服用阿斯匹林,所以 B 错误。C 项谈到对肝脏及中枢神经系统的损害是 Reye 综合症的情形,并非延迟
治疗伤风、流感的后果,也可排除。
59.推理题。依据第二段第二句话,我们可以概括出“患了流感以后需要马上服用处方药”(the prescription
drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in)同时,根据第四段首句:但是如果真的
得了流感,快速采取行动还是有用的。由此,确定答案为 C。
60.事实细节题。答案在文章第五段.本段提到鼻塞、流鼻涕、嗓子疼这些感冒症状是慢慢出现的,成人
和儿童通常不发烧。另一方面,对任何年龄段的人来说,发烧都是流感的一个典型特征。因此可知识别感
冒和流感的一个症状就是发烧,故选 B。
61.  细节判断题。         根据倒数第二段的第二句转折词 However 之后的信息                              “children and teens with a cold or flu
should not take aspirin for pain relief because of the risk of Reye syndrome a rare but serious condition of the
                                   ”
liver and central nervous system. 小孩子和青少年患者应避免服用阿斯匹林止痛,                                因为那样有可能引发 Reye
综合症,这种肝部和中枢神经系统的并发症虽罕见但却非常危险,由此可见 A 项正确而 B 项错误,C 项是
预防 flu 的措施,文章最后说预防伤风的措施之一是远离患者,而不是有流感症状时避免孩子与发烧人群
接触,故 D 错。
   62. 日细节题。       依据在文章第一段第二句话                 “Unfortunately, message has not gotten through to the average
                                                                   that
American,who would rather try switching to 'light' beer and low-calorie bread than increase physical exertion.    ”
遗憾的是,普通美国人并未懂得这个道理,他们宁可尝试着改喝“淡”啤酒和吃低热面包而不愿增加消耗
体力的运动。因此,我们可以确定答案为 B。
63.推理题。依据在文章第二段"In rejecting exercise,some people may be discouraged too much by
calorie-expenditure charts;for example,one would have to briskly walk three miles just to work off the 275
calories in one delicious Danish pastry. ”该段指出:在拒绝运动的同时,一些人可能会因热量消耗表的数据
而感到极为沮丧。例如;为了消耗掉一个美味的丹麦小甜饼中含有的 275 卡路里的热量,一个人不得不快
走三英里。这说明节食减肥时坚持锻炼是多么的困难,这也是一些人不喜欢运动减肥的原因。选项 A 与文
章意思相符。选项 B、C 及选项 D 的内容在文中均没有表述,故排除。
64.语义理解题。文章第二段提到了 concede half a point,在此意思为“承认对方有一定的道理” concede                                        。
一词表明专家说的不是很情愿.下文又引用了这些运动专业人士的话说“仅靠运动来减肥实在太难了。                                                                    ”
换句话说,他们认为,应该将“食物减肥和运动减肥结合起来”                                            。因此,我们可以确定选项 B“f 他们部分
地认为食物减肥可以起到支持作用”与文中意思相符,为该题正确答案.选项 A“认同一小块儿甜饼的卡
路里很难通过锻炼消耗掉”是对上句例子的字面解释,不够深刻,不是答案。选项 C“并没有完全被说服,
认为节食可以保持人的新体重”                     及选项 D 对运动在减肥方面的积极作用了解得不多文中没有提及,                                        故排除.
65.推理题。依据在第三段首句“Still exercise's supporting role in weight reduction is vital.                      ”及本段“…
confirmed that those who dieted without exercise regained almost all their old weight,while those who worked
                                                                ”
exercise into their daily routine maintained their new weight.“……确认那些不运动的人恢复了原来体重,而
把运动纳入日常生活的人保持了新的体重”                             。因此,可以推断 C 项“不运动减肥是不可能的”为该题答案。
A 项与原文信息相反;B 项错在 occasional,第三段最后一句中的“daily routine”和第四段提到的“每天
步行一英里……一年后体重会减少 10 磅”都可以排除 B 项,D 项不是该研究中心证实的结果.
66.主旨大意题。纵观全文,文章首先提到“运动是能够在长期保持体重方面发挥积极作用的几个因素之
一。  ”是全文的主旨句,接着作者在后面的论述中都是为了说明这一主题思想。故选项 D 正确。选项 A“为
了证明波士顿医疗中心研究成果正确”及选项 Cc 为了支持 York Onnen 的陈述的说法太片面,选项 B 为了
强调保持合适体重的重要性与文章内容偏离,也不正确。
Part Ⅴ Cloze
67. 词义辨析题。 a jobget                     ,
                        “获得一份工作” 选择 get 是因为在这个句子中其并列成分 or advance in one                        “提
职”和 getting a job 正好内容一致;apply for/to“申请/应用”; offer a job“提供一份工作”                     。
68.词义辨析题。由上下文得知 quickly 符合句意。Easily“简单地”                            :roughly“粗略地”    ;decidedly“果断
地”  。
69.词义辨析题。由表达转折意义的副词 yet 可以知道,后面的句子中提到的是表达负面意义的词语,故
选择 poor,poor reader''阅读水平差的人";good reader“阅读速度快的人”                       。
70. 词义辨析题。                        :
                      “养成/培养” 其宾语应该同 habit 搭配;
                develop                                                “训练” situation
                                                                training       ,     “形势” custom
                                                                                            ,
“风俗习惯”      。
71.搭配类题。lie in“在于”         ;combine with“同……联合”            ;touch“接触”     ,involve“包括”  。此句话的意
思是:主要问题在于语言的真正要素——词汇。
72.语法题。由上文可以推断出:问题出在语言本身,即词汇的问题,所以下文的内容肯定是个含有否定
意义的句子,故 little(几乎没有)为正确选项;some“一些” lot“许多”                ;a             ;dull“乏味的”   。
73.词义辨析题。从本句的句意看,尤其是连词 whereas“而、却”                              ,暗示了一个表达否定或消极意义的词,
故 unfortunately“不幸地”    ,合乎题意。logically“逻辑上地”              。
74.词义辨析属。由下文“regression,the habit to look back over…”可以断定此题一定是 reread“重读”                        。
reuse"再使用";recite“背诵”      ;rewrite"重新写”    。
75.语法题。此处需要一个关系代词,做 look back over 的宾语,同时连接宾语从句.只有 what 可以充当
此成分。
76.词义辨析题。由上面的几句话可以推断出此处还是需要一个含有否定意义的词汇,故 slow down“减
慢”为最佳答案;scale down“按比例减少”                ;cut down“削减”        。
77.语法题。前面的篇章中出现了 you,而 you 则需要用 one 泛指一个人,所以代词 one 为正确答案。
78.词义辨析题。此句谈到了要提高阅读速度,故词汇 accelerator“阅读加速器”符合句意, amplifier“放
大器”   ;observer“观察者”     。
  79.语法题。根据句型结构,可以判断出这是一个含有比较级的句子,故 than 连接两个句子成分,是正
确答案。
80.词义辨析题。阅读加速器强迫你加快阅读速度,使你改变无法逐字阅读等不良阅读习惯,所以句型
make sth.+adj 符合句子结构 enable sb.to do sth.       “使某人能够做某事”             ,indicate“指出,表明”    ;lead“引
导”  。
81.近义词辨析题。根据句意我们知道,最初为了追求速度,而牺牲了理解能力,所以, comprehension
“理解”为正确答案.meaning“意义”regression“回顾”'key“关键”                            。
82.语法题。从上下文可以得知,此处需要一个同 not only 相呼应的短语来完成篇章的意义,故 but (also)
是正确选项。
83.语法题。由于主语是第三人称复数,故相对应的代词为 their,所以,their 是正确的。
84.搭配类题。take…for instance(example)是固定搭配,所以是正确答案,其他选项的搭配都不正确。
85.语法题。由句意得知选项 before 是正确的,因为前后是一组数字的对比,
86.词义辨析题。get through“通过,完成”              ,符合句子意思。master“掌握”                ;present“呈现” ;go over“复
习”  。
Part Ⅵ Translation
87.the way he manages Wal-Mart and the way he treats his employees。此题主要考查 the way (that)…句式用
法。
88.know better than to spend all her time playing computer games。此题主要考查词组 know better than to do
sth.“最好明智不做某事”的表达法。
89.he found himself lying in a hospital ward。此题主要考查 find oneself doing sth.“发现……”句式的表达
方法。
90.Try and set aside some time。此题主要考查动词短语 set aside“留出”的用法。
91.If only she hadn't told David about that。此题主要考查句式 if only…“要是……该有多好”虚拟语气句
式的用法。

				
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