High Middle Ages
The Age of Faith
Between 800 and 1100, churches were built in the ______________ style. These
churches had round ________and tiny ______________set inside thick walls.
Beginning in the 1100s, a new style of architecture, ___________
evolved. They were tall cathedrals with large stained- glass windows.
The stained-glass windows illustrated stories
from the ____________.
____________ were carried out by ______________ political and religious leaders to
take control of the ____________________ from the _________________.
______________________ issued a call for a “________________”, or commonly
referred to as a _________________.
He stated in his speech that _______________ needed to regain the _______________,
_____________________. He guaranteed those that fought in the Crusades were
assured a place in _______________.
Jerusalem was being attacked by the _________________ , who were ______________.
The Crusades had two goals: ______________ and ________________ motives.
First and Second Crusades
First Crusade (1097 A.D.)- ___________________ captured Jerusalem. Territory was
gained from Edessa to Jerusalem.
___________ Crusader states were set up. Each ruled by a European ______________.
Second Crusade (1187 A.D.) - Crusaders lost the Holy City of Jerusalem to the Muslim
Third and Fourth Crusades
Third Crusade - Once again the Crusaders were ___________________ by Saladin and
his men. _________________ remained under _____________ control.
Fourth Crusade - _________________________ demanded yet another attack on the
Muslims. Instead the Crusaders looted ______________________, capital of the
____________________________ in need of money to support their cause.
The ___________, Muslims, controlled most of Spain until the 1100s.
___________________ and _________________, Christian
Monarchs, headed up a campaign, __________________________, to rid Spain of all Muslims.
By the late 1490s, the remaining Muslims converted to Christianity or left Spain. Spain is
___________________ under the monarchs.
Effect of the Crusades
Weakened the power of the ______________ and Nobles, but strengthened the power of the
Stimulated ______________ throughout the __________________ area and the
Left a legacy of bitterness among _____________________________, and _______________.
Weakened the ______________________ Empire
Economic Effects of the Crusade
Increased demand for _____________________ products.
Stimulated production of _____________ to trade in Middle Eastern _______________.
______________ promoted frequent contacts with the _______________and _____________
Encouraged the use of _______________ and ______________
Letters of ______________ served to expand the supply of _______________ and expedite
__________ ruled against ____________. Usury is the practice of lending ________________at
a high ________________ rate.
New _____________________ and _____________________ practices by using ____________
Revival of Learning
__________________ were more __________________ in many more areas than the
_________________brought back Muslim technology in the areas of
__________________________________________________and ______________, and
European __________________ began writing in the ___________________ everyday language,
instead of in Latin.
England and France Develop
_______________ the _______________, leader of the _________________ conquest, united
most of _________________.
_________________ is a region in the north of _______________ that had been conquered by
_________________ invaded __________________ and crowned himself __________ of
Prior to his death nearly 200 ______________________held fiefs in England.
England’s King, _____________________, a descendant of
William owned land both in _____________ and _____________. He had two major
_____________: one, gain more ___________________ from France and two, strengthen his
power over the __________________and the __________________.
_____________________ had it beginnings during _______________reign. Common Law is
_____________________ that was the same for __________________.
King ___________ signed the ________________________, which limited the King’s
The Magna Carta was set up to ____________ the ____________ rights as well at the rights to
the _____________________ and the __________________.
The Charter contained two basic ideas:
1. _____________ and English ___________________ had basic rights.
2. _________________ had to obey the _____________.
_________________________ established the French throne in __________, and his dynasty
gradually expanded their control over most of _________________.
___________________ruled France for nearly _________ years.
__________________ was one of the most powerful Capetians. He was also known as
The plague began in ___________and spread through most of Asia and the _____________
By the mid 1300’s it had reached __________________. It
first stop was ___________ and followed the trade routes from _______, to
___________________, and finally reached ________________.
The disease became known as the ___________________.
Population ___________________. A ______________ of the European population was
_____________ was hard to come by. People were either dead or to ill to _____________
Towns were freed from _________________obligations.
The __________________ influence is on the ___________________. People lost faith when
________________did not help the ill. Many ______________left the area when the plagued
infected the towns.
_________ is disrupted. People are fearful or not allowed to trade with other ___________.
The Hundred Years’ War
The war was fought on __________ soil between __________ and ______________.
_______________, a French peasant girl, guided the French
She was captured by the ___________ and burned at the stake. Joan died as a ___________. A
martyr is a person who __________ for a ____________ they believe in.
The Hundred Years’ War helped to define __________ and ____________ as _____________.
Brought a feeling of _________________ to both countries.
England experienced a period of _____________ turmoil. Two __________ houses fought for
The end of the war is considered the end of the _________________________.
England limited the powers of kings and increased the power of the nobility with
A. the Codex Justinian.
B. the Magna Carta.
C. the English Constitution.
D. the Civil Constitution.
During the late medieval era, France had all of the following EXCEPT
A. a tax on land and salt.
B. a professional army.
C. a strong legislature.
D. strong kings.
The Black Plague first came to Europe through
C. the Church.
D. the New World.
The Hundred Years’ War was between which countries?
A. France and Spain
B. Russia and France
C. England and the Holy Roman Empire
D. England and France
The effects of the Crusades are all of the following except
A. increased trade between Asia and Europe.
B. decreased power of the nobility in many countries.
C. increased tolerance and respect among religions.
D. increased demand for Asian imports.
In Spain, the movement to try heretics in church courts was called
A. the Reconquista.
B. the Inquisition.
C. the “Spanish” policy
D. the Papal Index.
With the help of Ivan the Great, Russia was freed from the
Chronologically, which event came last?
A. William of Normandy conquered England in the Battle of Hastings.
B. The Black Plague struck for the first time.
C. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks
D. The First Crusade