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High Middle Ages Notes.docx - MrPawlowskisWorldHistoryClass

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High Middle Ages Notes.docx - MrPawlowskisWorldHistoryClass Powered By Docstoc
					                            High Middle Ages
                                         800-1500 A.D.


The Age of Faith

      Between 800 and 1100, churches were built in the ______________ style. These
       churches had round ________and tiny ______________set inside thick walls.




                                 Beginning in the 1100s, a new style of architecture, ___________
       evolved. They were tall cathedrals with large stained- glass windows.




                                                    The stained-glass windows illustrated stories
       from the ____________.

The Crusades

      ____________ were carried out by ______________ political and religious leaders to
       take control of the ____________________ from the _________________.
      ______________________ issued a call for a “________________”, or commonly
       referred to as a _________________.
      He stated in his speech that _______________ needed to regain the _______________,
       _____________________. He guaranteed those that fought in the Crusades were




       assured a place in _______________.
      Jerusalem was being attacked by the _________________ , who were ______________.
      The Crusades had two goals: ______________ and ________________ motives.

First and Second Crusades

      First Crusade (1097 A.D.)- ___________________ captured Jerusalem. Territory was
       gained from Edessa to Jerusalem.
      ___________ Crusader states were set up. Each ruled by a European ______________.
      Second Crusade (1187 A.D.) - Crusaders lost the Holy City of Jerusalem to the Muslim
       leader, ________________.

Third and Fourth Crusades

      Third Crusade - Once again the Crusaders were ___________________ by Saladin and
       his men. _________________ remained under _____________ control.
      Fourth Crusade - _________________________ demanded yet another attack on the
       Muslims. Instead the Crusaders looted ______________________, capital of the
       ____________________________ in need of money to support their cause.

Spanish Crusade

      The ___________, Muslims,      controlled most of Spain until   the 1100s.




                                    ___________________ and _________________, Christian
       Monarchs, headed up a campaign, __________________________, to rid Spain of all Muslims.
      By the late 1490s, the remaining Muslims converted to Christianity or left Spain. Spain is
       ___________________ under the monarchs.

Effect of the Crusades

      Weakened the power of the ______________ and Nobles, but strengthened the power of the
       ______________.
      Stimulated ______________ throughout the __________________ area and the
       ____________________.
      Left a legacy of bitterness among _____________________________, and _______________.
      Weakened the ______________________ Empire


Economic Effects of the Crusade

      Increased demand for _____________________ products.
      Stimulated production of _____________ to trade in Middle Eastern _______________.
      ______________ promoted frequent contacts with the _______________and _____________
       Empires.
      Encouraged the use of _______________ and ______________
      Letters of ______________ served to expand the supply of _______________ and expedite
       __________.
      __________ ruled against ____________. Usury is the practice of lending ________________at
       a high ________________ rate.
      New _____________________ and _____________________ practices by using ____________
       numerals

Revival of Learning

      __________________ were more __________________ in many more areas than the
       Europeans.
      _________________brought back Muslim technology in the areas of
       __________________________________________________and ______________, and
       _____________________.
      European __________________ began writing in the ___________________ everyday language,
       instead of in Latin.
                                         England and France Develop

England

      _______________ the _______________, leader of the _________________ conquest, united
       most of _________________.
      _________________ is a region in the north of _______________ that had been conquered by
       the ___________________.
      _________________ invaded __________________ and crowned himself __________ of
       England
      Prior to his death nearly 200 ______________________held fiefs in England.




                                        England’s King, _____________________, a descendant of
       William owned land both in _____________ and _____________. He had two major
       _____________: one, gain more ___________________ from France and two, strengthen his
       power over the __________________and the __________________.
      _____________________ had it beginnings during _______________reign. Common Law is
       _____________________ that was the same for __________________.
      King ___________ signed the ________________________, which limited the King’s
       ______________
      The Magna Carta was set up to ____________ the ____________ rights as well at the rights to
       the _____________________ and the __________________.
      The Charter contained two basic ideas:
           1. _____________ and English ___________________ had basic rights.
           2. _________________ had to obey the _____________.

FRANCE

      _________________________ established the French throne in __________, and his dynasty
       gradually expanded their control over most of _________________.
      ___________________ruled France for nearly _________ years.
      __________________ was one of the most powerful Capetians. He was also known as
       ______________________________

Bubonic Plague

      The plague began in ___________and spread through most of Asia and the _____________
       world.




                                       By the mid 1300’s it had reached __________________. It
       first stop was ___________ and followed the trade routes from _______, to
       ___________________, and finally reached ________________.
      The disease became known as the ___________________.
      Population ___________________. A ______________ of the European population was
       __________________________.
      _____________ was hard to come by. People were either dead or to ill to _____________
      Towns were freed from _________________obligations.
      The __________________ influence is on the ___________________. People lost faith when
       ________________did not help the ill. Many ______________left the area when the plagued
       infected the towns.
      _________ is disrupted. People are fearful or not allowed to trade with other ___________.




The Hundred Years’ War

      The war was fought on __________ soil between __________ and ______________.
                                       _______________, a French peasant girl, guided the French
       to ___________.
      She was captured by the ___________ and burned at the stake. Joan died as a ___________. A
       martyr is a person who __________ for a ____________ they believe in.
      The Hundred Years’ War helped to define __________ and ____________ as _____________.
       Brought a feeling of _________________ to both countries.
      England experienced a period of _____________ turmoil. Two __________ houses fought for
       the throne.
      The end of the war is considered the end of the _________________________.

Reflection

    England limited the powers of kings and increased the power of the nobility with
     A. the Codex Justinian.
     B. the Magna Carta.
     C. the English Constitution.
     D. the Civil Constitution.

    During the late medieval era, France had all of the following EXCEPT
     A. a tax on land and salt.
     B. a professional army.
     C. a strong legislature.
     D. strong kings.

    The Black Plague first came to Europe through
     A. trade.
     B. exploration.
     C. the Church.
     D. the New World.

    The Hundred Years’ War was between which countries?
     A. France and Spain
     B. Russia and France
     C. England and the Holy Roman Empire
     D. England and France

    The effects of the Crusades are all of the following except
     A. increased trade between Asia and Europe.
   B. decreased power of the nobility in many countries.
   C. increased tolerance and respect among religions.
   D. increased demand for Asian imports.

 In Spain, the movement to try heretics in church courts was called
  A. the Reconquista.
  B. the Inquisition.
  C. the “Spanish” policy
  D. the Papal Index.

 With the help of Ivan the Great, Russia was freed from the
  A. Mongols.
  B. Indians.
  C. French.
  D. Turks.

 Chronologically, which event came last?
  A. William of Normandy conquered England in the Battle of Hastings.
  B. The Black Plague struck for the first time.
  C. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks
  D. The First Crusade

				
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