John Brown’s Raid
Mrs Crompton’s Virtual Field Trip 2009
Travel and step
Setting the Scene...
for John Brown’s Raid
Click on bolded and underlined words to find the definition.
When instructed, use photos as your link to view a page or an activity.
differences or *Click
sectionalism Arrow To
sparked events Move
which lead to a Forward
Civil War between on All
the North and the Slides!
South. The nation
as well as
Setting the Scene...
• Use this
Courtesy of abc-clio.com
Setting The Scene for ...
• Picture the 1850s: A Decade of Crisis
Act of 1854
• Both pro-slavery anti-slavery groups wanted to
control of new territories being added to the U.S.
Settlement of the slavery issue by popular sovereignty
in Kansas made it a bloody battleground.
“Bleeding Kansas” became a national headline.
The Debate Over Slavery Heats Up!
The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
gave Southerners the legal right
to retrieve runaway slaves from
the North. Despite this, many
consequence to help slaves to
freedom through the famous
To answer the question
about the underground
Click the photo to the right
• Answer the
using this map
The Dred Scott Decision made in the Supreme Court sparked serious
debate. A slave wanted his freedom when his master moved him to a
free state, but the court claimed he could not sue because slaves were
property. With this decision came the extension of slavery to the
territories, all because Congress legislated a previous compromise
which was now null and void. This enraged the north!!
Lincoln Gains National Attention
During the Lincoln-Douglas
debates of 1857 Abraham
Lincoln went from a little-known
candidate for the Senate to a
• His challenging of the
over the issue of
but made him a prime
• Answer additional
candidate for questions in the
president in 1860. “Lincoln Quotes”
section using this
*Civil War breaks out in 1861!
website (click his
photo!) click photo
Growing Up John Brown
Click his picture for John Brown quotes!
• John Brown was born into
poverty in Connecticut in
1800. His first wife died when
he was a young adult, and
later he suffered a series of
personal and financial failures.
• Brown had sympathy for the
struggle of American slaves, and
he used his farm as a stop on the
underground railroad. He later
lived amongst free blacks in
upstate New York.
Click the house to follow
Brown’s “Holy War” To End Slavery
• There had been other brutal
massacres to end slavery, one
example being Nat Turner (an
African-American slave) who
lead a rebellion and killed over
• Brown began to have
visions of leading a huge
slave insurrection in the
1850s, and he believed
God was guiding him And so he and his
throughout his quest to followers began killing,
first in Kansas then...
* Most Southerners saw him as insane, many in the North called him a martyr.
Raid on Harpers Ferry
• By summer of • He chose Harpers
1869, Brown and Ferry, a federal
the men who armory located in what
supported his is today West
efforts put into Virginia, as a base of
operation a plan to operations from which
seize the United he could lead his
States Armory in revolt.
Virginia. Click photo for a virtual tour of the armory
• On October 16, 1859, John Brown and
18 other men attacked and seized the
U.S. armory and the bridges leading to
the ferry. They took several hostages
and occupied the arsenal, not to
mention shocking the nation! courtesy of
Learn More About Harpers Ferry
• Visit Harpers Ferry National Park,
now famous for this raid, as well
as it’s industrial and cultural
history, to answer the following
What Name two
aspects of Click star below to
natural check out photos and
multimedia of the park!
history that are
featured at HF
• The Marines
• By mid-day, forced a
October 18, 36 wounded Brown
hours later the
and the rest of
the command of
Robert E. Lee,
broke into the to surrender and
engine house of was removed to
the armory. Charles Town
Click photo to see more images from the raid
facts courtesy of teachinteract.com
* Read letters John Brown wrote to
his wife Mary while in prison
click photo to the
“The most momentous trial in
John Brown’s controversial trial took
place 18 months before the Civil
War began. He was charged with
murder, conspiracy and treason in
Click on the photo to watch a brief student-
made video about these events
*Be sure to click
on “Troubling the
* Click here to read about others who were captured!
Test Your Knowledge
• Click the photo in order to log-
in with your student password
to play a brief game then
complete the required quiz.
• Use the log-in provided during
class, then be sure your
results are saved once you
have your desired score.
Think you will be finished with this
journey early? Play the Jeopardy
Round 1 on the Harpers Ferry site!
Hero or Mad Man?
* Use this activity to answer the first 3 questions
(write answers in your “Hero or Mad Man” section)
"The Tragic Prelude" and the Legacy of John Brown
John Brown’s legacy has survived long after his 1859 raid on Harpers Ferry.
Immortalized in word, song, and image, the man has become a larger-than-life
figure in American history. In 1939, John Steuart Curry created the mural
attached at right, entitled "The Tragic Prelude."
After closely examining the image, consider the following questions:
courtesy of socialstudies.abc-clio.com
1. Describe how John Brown is depicted in the mural.
2. With which biblical figure might the artist be comparing John
Brown? How can you tell?
3. Look closely at the background of the mural. Select three symbols
or images and describe their meaning or significance.
4. Based on this mural and all you have learned about John Brown,
assess the nature of his legacy. Is he a tragic figure, a martyr, or a zealot?
Support your judgment of him with concrete details in our upcoming class
Credits For Harpers Ferry VFT
•Photos and information:
• http://www.sxc.hu which is a free stock photo exchange site.
• www.glencoe.com as well as the use of their American Journey
textbook from 2000 (no longer in print.).
Choose Your Quote
"I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be
purged [to do away with] away but with blood."
John Brown's last letter, the day he was hanged.
December 2, 1859
"Whereas, Slavery, throughout its entire existence in the United States is none other
than a most barbarous, unprovoked, and unjustifiable War of one portion of its
citizens upon another portion; the only conditions of which are perpetual
imprisonment, and hopeless servitude or absolute extermination; in utter disregard
and violation of those eternal and self-evident truths set forth in our Declaration of
John Brown, 1858
"I want you to understand that I respect the rights of the poorest and weakest of
colored people, oppressed [to deny others their rights or liberty] by the slave
system, just as much as I do those of the most wealthy and powerful. That is the idea
that has moved me, and that alone."
Virginia Court Hearing, 1858
Did You Know?
Did you know that American poet Langston Hughes' grandmother was married
to Lewis Leary, one of John Brown's raiders?
courtesy of abc-clio.com: