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Grammar on Your Feet Grades 3-5

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					       Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
 The sentence core: (Day One)

      Have students arrange themselves into
simple sentences.
      Show that a sentence is a two-part thing:
  subject and verb
      Use “The Sentence Inspection Committee” to
  verify the completeness of all of the sentences.
      Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
 The sentence core: (Day One)

      Have students arrange themselves into
simple sentences.
      Use the Post-it notes to capitalize the
  first word of the sentence and add end
  punctuation
      Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
 The sentence core: (Day One)

     Have students arrange themselves into
simple sentences.
     Switch (re-match) the subjects and
  verbs around to show what we mean by
  subject-verb agreement.
       Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
  Elaboration: (Day Two)
     Now, add the modifiers (adjectives,
adverbs, prepositional phrases). Show that
we can place modifiers in various positions in the
  sentence. Show that modifiers answer
  questions:
     Adjectives: Which one? What kind? How
  many?
     Adverbs: Where? When? Why? How? To
  what extent?
     Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
 Elaboration: (Day Two)
    Show that if we have two adjectives
 preceding a noun, we need a comma IF
 we can reverse them.
     Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
 Joining to create compound subjects and
 compound verbs
 (Day Three):

    Show that we use and (without a
 comma) to bring more than one item into
 the subject slot or the predicate slot
       Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
  Joining to create compound sentences
  (Day Four):

      Show what happens when sentences want to get
  together. They bump into each other if they are not
  properly separated. Establish that we can use a comma
  + and, but, so to properly join two sentences. (A comma
  alone is not sufficient to join two sentences)
        Grammar on Your Feet
Can be used to teach:
  That when we introduce a subordinating conjunction, we
  need to add a “guess what” part

Add: AAAWWUUBBI
Although, as, after
While, when
Unless, until
Before, because
If
a handsome prince appeared

 This is an independent clause: It can stand alone as a complete sentence.
the princess ran away

 This is an independent clause: It can stand alone as a complete sentence.
                                                     penguins
This is a count noun: It takes S to make it plural
                                                          waddle



This is an intransitive verb: It does not want a direct object.
                  ,and



                  ,but


                 ,so
These are the most common coordinating conjunctions: Along with a comma, they
can join two independent clauses to create a compound sentences. Most professional writers begin sentences with coordinating conjunctions
FOR EMPHASIS. Many teachers do not want you to begin sentences with coordinating conjunctions. Follow your teacher’s expectations.
.              ,

               ;
,
    This is a semicolon: It can join two independent clauses to
    create a compound sentence. It can also separate items
    in a series if the items themselves contain commas.
       moreover
       furthermore
       however

         therefore
These are conjunctive adverbs: They can easily begin sentences. With commas around them, they can move within their own clauses. They
 CANNOT join two independent clauses UNLESS you also have a semicolon (not a comma).
      the
This is the most common noun marker:
When you see this word, expect a noun
structure (single noun, noun phrase, or
noun clause.
  ing
All verbs can take this ending.
It forms the progressive tense.
It also forms a gerund (a verb
that is acting as a noun).
                     s
When S is added to a word, it could mean:
 Plural form of a noun
 Singular form of a verb, to match the third person singular subject
 With apostrophe, possessive form of a noun
                 es

Use this to form the plural of a noun or the singular
of a verb if adding a syllable
                        d
This forms the past tense of regular verbs. It also forms the participle, which
can be used to create the perfect tense, OR can create an adjective.
             ed
Use this ending when you need to say another syllable
to create the past tense or participle.
in the pond
This is a prepositional phrase: It gives “where” information.
                     at night
This is a prepositional phrase: It gives “when” information.
                                                  After
                                                  As
                                                  Although
                                                  While
                                                  When
                                                  Unless
                                                  Until
                                                  Because
                                                  Before
                                                  If
These are the most common subordinating conjunctions. They create complex sentences. If they appear between two independent
clauses, then you DON”T need a comma; if they appear at the beginning of the complex sentence, then you DO need a comma between
the independent clauses.
               awesome
This is an adjective: It answers the question WHAT KIND?
                    fuzzy



This is an adjective: It answers the question WHAT KIND?
                                                        This word will help
                                                        you locate the verb.




                    today
This is an adverb: It answers one of these questions:
WHEN? WHERE? WHY? HOW? TO WHAT EXTENT?
HOW OFTEN?
                                                        This word will help
                                                        you locate the verb.




              yesterday

This is an adverb: It answers one of these questions:
WHEN? WHERE? WHY? HOW? TO WHAT EXTENT?
HOW OFTEN?
                    carefully
This is an adverb: It answers one of these questions:
WHEN? WHERE? WHY? HOW? TO WHAT EXTENT?
HOW OFTEN?
                   suddenly


This is an adverb: It answers one of these questions:
WHEN? WHERE? WHY? HOW? TO WHAT EXTENT?
HOW OFTEN?
                           itch
This word can easily function as a noun or a verb.
                        scratch


This word can easily function as a noun or a verb.
                                                     princess
This is a count noun: It takes S to make it plural
                                                     prince


This is a count noun: It takes S to make it plural
                                                         climb
This is a transitive verb, but it can easily act intransitively (without a direct object).
                                                                kiss


This is a transitive verb, but it can easily act intransitively (without a direct object).
                                                 like
This is a transitive verb: It wants a direct object.
                                                       find



This is a transitive verb: It wants a direct object.
                                                     frog
This is a count noun: It takes S to make it plural
                                            bamboo


This is a npn-count noun: It doesn’t like to add S to make it plural
                                                            mud
This is a npn-count noun: It doesn’t like to add S to make it plural
                                                            water



This is a npn-count noun: It doesn’t like to add S to make it plural
                                                       panda
This is a count noun: It takes S to form the plural.
                                                       monkey



This is a count noun: It takes S to form the plural.
                                                       birds
This is a count noun: It takes S to form the plural.
                                                       trees



This is a count noun: It takes S to form the plural.
                                                       want
This is a transitive verb: It wants a direct object.
                                                            swim



This is an intransitive verb: It does not want a direct object.
fly
      This is an intransitive verb: It does not want a direct object.
yell


       This is an intransitive verb: It does not want a direct object.
is
am
are
was
were
be
        These are the 8 forms of BE.


being   They can serve as the main verb.
        They can combine with ING to create progressive tenses.
        They can combine with the participle (the form of the verb
        That goes with HAVE) to create the passive voice.




been
                                                     would
                                                     could
                                                     should
                                                     can
                                                     will
                                                     shall
                                                     may
                                                     might
                                                     must
Modal auxiliaries: These combine with verbs to create actions and states that didn’t actually happen.
                                                    look
                                                    sound
                                                    smell
                                                    taste

                                                    seem
                                                    appear
                                                    become
                                                    grow
These are other verbs that can be linking verbs. They sometimes follow the rules of BE.
                                          Something



This is how you can tell where a nominal beings and ends. (By a nominal, we mean a noun, a noun phrase, or a noun clause.
                         I         we
                         you       you
                         he, she   they
                           it
                               who
These are the subjective case pronouns. They are used as subjects of clauses and as predicate nominatives (pronouns that follow action verbs to
complete the sentence.
                          me        us
                          you       you
                          him, her   them
                            it
                                whom
These are the objective case pronouns. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions

				
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posted:5/8/2013
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