Global Justice Women_ Poverty_ _amp; Human Rights by dffhrtcv3


									 Global Justice:
Women, Poverty, &
 Human Rights
              What is justice?

   Is it a goal or objective? UN Universal
    Declaration of Human Rights
   Is it a matter of due process? Equality;
    recognition; right to life, liberty, security
   Is it a balance or equilibrium; fairness?
    Assets/wealth of states compared to other
   One out of five lives in abject poverty
   70 percent of these are women & children
   2.2 million die of infectious diseases each
   Malnutrition is at the core of all preventable
    children’s diseases
   Children often do not go to school
   Many children are abandoned or leave
    “home” or are sold to human traffickers
       Five indicators of poverty

   Incidence of extreme poverty – proportion of
    people living on less than one dollar a day
   Access to primary & secondary education & the
    adult literacy rate
   Mortality of children under five years of age
   Fertility rate
   Population with access to safe drinking water
            Causes of poverty
   Globalization (few resources; no capital;
    no foreign investment; inability to
   Conflict (interstate & civil war – political &
    economic instability)
   No access to clean drinking water nor
   Lack of access to education – low literacy,
    no skills
Low income, societal attitudes, violence,
    malnutrition, lack of education, &
  inequality (including women’s lack of
 access to economic, social, & political
 opportunities) together foster poverty.

   The international community helps
states with economic & health concerns,
 but societal attitudes & inequality have
 traditionally been considered problems
      to be solved at the state level.
Feminist Theory of International
   Men interpret history in terms of wars,
    weapons, & conquests (military or
    economic) – high politics
   Nearly all cultures reward men for
    violence; high politics has always been
    dominated by men.
   Mao Zedong said “Revolution (i.e.,
    male violence) is not a dinner party
    (i.e., female activity)
  In mainstream international relations,
consideration of concerns associated with
    low politics, such as international
  development, world poverty, women’s
issues, and human rights comes after the
   issues of war & security have been
         exhaustively discussed.
    Feminist theorists argue that
traditional high politics is irrelevant
 to today’s security concerns. The
       modern world is highly
  interdependent & faces multiple
threats from so many sources that
state independence may no longer
     be possible nor desirable.
  Individuals face many forms of insecurity:
ethnic conflict, poverty, natural catastrophes,
  local terrorist acts, unemployment, family
  violence, and environmental degradation.
    None of these have been traditionally
      defined as national security goals.
Feminists argue that security can be gained
   by striving for attachment & community.

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