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					   Transport

      Railways
Incident Procedures
               Aim

To give students information about the
emergency procedures to be adopted
at incidents involving railways.
        Learning Outcomes
At the end of the session students will be able to:

• State the emergency procedures to be
  adopted
• List the priorities at railway incidents
• List the safety procedures to be adopted
  at railway incidents
• State the procedures where fire is
  involved.
       Railtrack attendance

• Minor fires on trains
     Crew only (No Railtrack personnel)
• Large fires on trains
     Railtrack official & representative of train
     operators
• Major collisions and derailments
     Railtrack officer in charge, identified by a
     tabard marked “Railtrack Incident Officer”.
              Locating incidents
Information may be imprecise especially if the initial
call comes from a member of the public

Train crews will use identified railway facilities such
as individual numbers on;
          •   Bridges
          •   Tunnels
          •   Most signal gantries
          •   Overhead electrical equipment.
            Locating incidents

• Mile marker posts are
  located alongside all
  lines numbered
  consecutively from
  major cities

• There may also be
  quarter and half mile
  markers.
        Priorities at incidents
There are three types basic of incidents on
railway property that fire service personnel attend;

 • Non hazardous

 • Hazardous with all safety procedures

 • Hazardous without all safety procedures.
Duties of Incident Commander
On arrival, the Incident Commander should;

•   Assess the situation
•   Identify the location
•   Request railway authority assistance
•   Inform Brigade Control of action
•   Exercise rigid control
•   Ensure high visibility jackets are worn.
         Safe systems of work

 Five principal sytems;
• Notify Railtrack - prior to entering the track
  area
• Slowing trains
• Stopping trains
• Switching off the electrical supply
• Action to be taken in the event of serious
  and immediate risk.
          Communications
Trackside telephones only give access to the
nearest signal box or electrical control room

All communications must be with Railway
Operations Control

Only proper channel of communications is to
contact Brigade Control via an appliance
radio.
  Serious and immediate risk
Where an immediate rescue attempt must be
made certain minimum safety measures must be
in place

  • Assessment - possible risks
  • Minimum personnel in risk area
  • Isolation of area - immediate attempts
    to stop trains and isolate current.
     Safe working distances
Safe working will, as a general rule, only be
possible at least 3 metres from the nearest
line still in operation, other factors include;


•   Weather        • Local topography
•   Hazards        • Dangerous substances
•   Refuges        • Unintentional approach.
•   Type of incident
           Places of safety
• On high speed lines, blue
  and white chequered
  boards indicate no place
  of safety on that side


• Red and white chequered
  boards indicate a clearance
  of less than 1.5 metres
  between a structure and the
  nearest rail.
Viaducts, bridges and tunnels
• Firefighters should not normally enter
  these areas unless trains have been
  stopped and refuges are available

• Refuges normally take four people

• If breathing apparatus is being worn
  then refuges may not accommodate as
  many as four people.
Stopping trains and isolating
the current
• Assume trains are running and current is on
  until confirmation is received from Brigade
  Control

• Even when the traction current is isolated
  electric trains can coast for a considerable
  distance at speed

• Diesel powered trains may still be running
  even though the traction current is isolated.
  Serious and immediate risk
If there is an obstruction or incapacitated person
on the line it may be necessary to stop a train
using hand signals


 • Move along the line - to give as much
   stopping distance as possible

 • Stand in a position of safety - facing the train
Serious and immediate risk
Signal the driver by;

• Daylight
  Raise both arms above head
• Night time
  Wave a torch or lamp from side to side.
               Fires in trains
Firefighters should check;
• Diesel locomotives - engines have stopped and
  battery isolator is open
• Diesel multiple units - engines have stopped and
  heaters are off
• Electric locomotives and multiple units - battery
  isolator is open and pantograph is lowered
• Passenger carriages - 1Kv electric heating is off.
             Health and safety
• Full firefighting kit must be worn (plus hi-viz jackets)
• Safe working distances
• Places of safety
• Danger of casualties in contact with live circuits
• Be vigilant when transporting equipment
• No one to go on or near the track unless Railtrack
  lookouts have been posted.
            Confirmation
Assessments will be based on this lesson and
the corresponding study note
           Learning Outcomes
• State the emergency procedures to be
  adopted
• List the priorities at railway incidents
• List the safety procedures to be adopted at
  railway incidents
• State the procedures where fire is involved.
THE END

				
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