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Treatment Problems of Gastro-intestinal system

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Treatment Problems of Gastro-intestinal system Powered By Docstoc
					*


    Pharm. Ibrahim Bussati
* AlHO MgHO

* simeticone




               *
* H2-receptor antagonists
* Selective antimuscarinics
* Chelates and complexes
* Prostaglandin analogues
* Proton pump inhibitors




         *
* Cimetidine
* ranitidine




           *
* lansoprazole
* Omeprazole
* pantoprazole




           *
* Antimuscarinics
  * Atropine sulphate
  * Hyoscine butylbromide




                    *
* Adsorbents and bulk forming drugs
* Antimotility drugs




                *
1.   Bulk-forming laxatives
2.   Stimulant laxatives
3.   Faecal softeners
4.   Osmotic laxatives
5.   Bowel cleansings




                              *
1.   Bulk-forming   * Ispaghula husk
     laxatives      * Methylcellulose
                    * Sterculia




                        *
                           •   Senna
                               * (Anthraquinone)
2.   Stimulant laxatives   * Glycerol (glycerin)
                           * Sodium picosulfate




                                *
                            (Lubricant)
                        * Arachis oil
                        * Liquid Paraffin oil
3.   Faecal softeners




                            *
                         * Lactulose
                         * Magnesium salts
                         * Phosphates
                         * Sodium citrate
4.   Osmotic laxatives




                            *
                           (Bowel cleansings solutions)
                        Oral (solution & powder)
                        Enema
                        * Citra fleet®
                          * Sodium picosulfate
                          * Mg citrate
5.   Bowel cleansings   * Citramag
                          * Mg CO3
                          * Anhydrous citric acid


                             *
*Antihistamines:
 *Promethazine HCl
 *Meclizine
    Navidoxine®
      • Pregnancy nausea & vomiting
      • Motion sickness & vertigo
      • Meclozine 25 mg + vitamine B6 50 mg
    *
*Phenothiazines:
 *Prochlorperazine maleate
  Stemetil®




    *
*Metoclopramide HCl
    Plasil®
    Primperan®
    Premosan®



    *
*5HT3 antagonists
 *Ondansetron
   Zofran®




    *
*Anal and perianal pruritus soreness
 and excoriation are best treated by :
 *Cream
 *Ointments
 *Suppositories


    *
*These conditions occur commonly in
 patients suffering from:
 • Haemorrhoide
 • Fistulas
 • proctitis.



    *
*These conditions occur commonly in
 patients suffering from:
*Haemorrhoide       *Fistulas   *proctitis.
Cleansing with attention to any minor
faecal soiling, adjustment of the diet to
avoid hard stool



    *
*When necessary topical prepartions
 containing:
 *Local anaesthetics
 *Corticosteroids
 *Soothing agents


    *
*Haemoproct®
*Xyloproct ®
*neo HEALAR ®
*Anusol-HC®
*…..


  *

				
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