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Globalization Powered By Docstoc
					Yin Chan
Michael Chung
Khai Trieu
 Definition: Globalization/Anti
 Movements /Causes of Anti-globalization
 Pros and Cons of Globalization
 Why Anti-globalization?
 Question
• Defined as the people of the world are unified
  into a single society and function together
• Investment funds and business to move beyond
  domestic to national markets
• The reduction and removal of barriers
• Can be measured in four main categories

    1. Goods and Services: Imports & Exports
    2. Labor: Migration
    3. Capital: Investment
    4. Technology: Information Technology
 Anti-Globalization
   A term ascribed to the political stance of groups and
    individuals who oppose aspects of globalization in its present

 A Social Movement

 Participants are united in opposition to:
   Political power of large corporations
   Trade Agreements that undermines the environment and
    labor rights.
Anti-Globalization Movements
      J18                            Genoa
 June 18, 1999                  July 18 – July 20,
 London, UK;                           2001
Eugene, Oregon                    Genoa, Italy

                 Nov 30-Dec 3
 J18
    June 18, 1999
    London, UK; Eugene, Oregon

                                             November 30, 1999
                                             5,000 protesters blocked delegates’
                                             entrance to WTO meetings in Seattle
                                             Protesters forced the cancellation of the
                                             opening ceremony and lasted the length of
                                             the meeting until December 3

   July 18 – July 20, 2001
   Biggest anti-globalization gathering
    history, 250,000 protesters against
   the G8 meeting in Genoa, Italy 3
   dead, hundreds hospitalized
People Say About Globalizations
 Economic Globalization caused several social ills today
  such as: deterioration of environment worldwide (global
  warming), third world debts, animal rights, child labor and

 Target anti-globalization: WTO (free trade), IMF (bank
  loans while the countries were in crisis), and World Bank
  (long term loans).

 Exploitation of world poor, workers and environment.
People Say About Globalizations
 It make easier for the rich companies act with less

 Countries individual’s culture are becoming
  overpowered by Americanization. (MacDonald and
  Star buck, Wal-Mart)

 Globalization: target profit

 Anti-Globalization: saw what were and will happening
  in the world and fights for global justice.
Globalization: Pros & Cons
 Pros

   Worldwide market for companies and the people.
     Productivity growth among countries that produces goods and
      services in which they have a comparative advantage.
     More access to products of different countries

   Open economy spurs fresh innovative ideas from abroad.
       More influx information between two different countries
       Cross cultural mix of ideas, in time adopt favorable idea.

   World Power.
     Politics merging that is beneficial for everyone.
       Minimizing compartmentalized powers.
Pros & Cons (cont’d)
 Cons
   Job Lost:
     Due to imports or productions shift abroad.
     Service and white-collar jobs –Vulnerable to operations
      relocating offshore.

   Western Employees:
     Lose their competitive advantages –companies build advanced
      factories in low wage countries, making them just as productive
      and thus shifting quality to other countries.
     Fear of losing job, companies operating under pressure.
     Face pay-cut demands from employers, which often threaten to
      export jobs.

   Corporations:
     Threat of corporate take-over, a lot of power through
Why Anti-Globalization?
 Environmental

   Global warming issues:
       Biodiversity lost
       Species extinction
       Pollution

   Developing countries depend upon agriculture and this will
    particularly be effected by global warming.

   Developed countries exporting hazardous waste to
    developing countries.
Why Anti-Globalization?

 Economical

   Exploitation of third world country resources.
   February 26 2007: Starbucks Vs. Ethiopian Coffee
       Plead for Starbuck’s support to trademark 3 of its
        coffees in U.S.
       1lb beans average price: $1.45 – generator fuel –bank
        interest –labor –transports = less than $1
       2432 Ethiopian farmer $.55 a day.
Why Anti-Globalization? (cont’d)
 Cultural

   Local and minority cultures are diminishing

   Western influences engulf developing countries

   Global expansion: McDonalds
       100+ countries
       Serves 50 million people daily
Why anti-globalization? (cont’d)
 Women and Children

   Majority of sweatshops employ female.
       3 major issues subjected to workers
       Wal-Mart 60,000 plus suppliers in 70 countries.

   Child labor as: Ages 4+
       Nike factories in Pakistan.
         1996: 12-year-old Tariq

         Stitching Soccer Balls

         $.60 a day 45+ balls
Why anti-globalization? (cont’d)
 Human rights

   Other issues arise correlating with sweatshops.

   Wal-Mart: Code of Conducts and human rights is
   promoted to the public, but not regulated or
   implemented on workers. Strictly their interest is not
   the welfare of others, instead, their generating profits.

   Nike: In Pakistan it is clearly documented that child
   labor is against the law, but the government carries lack
   of willingness to do anything about it
 Should we support Globalization?

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