Tips on the APLaC Free Response Essay Questions

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Tips on the APLaC Free Response Essay Questions Powered By Docstoc
					1.   Hook: A sentence that
     grabs your reader’s
2.   Thesis: States the
     position you will be
     unpacking in your essay.
3.   Subtopics: States the
     smaller topics that you
     will be unpacking that
     support your thesis.
4.   Transition: A sentence
     that smoothly shifts from
     your introduction to your
     first body paragraph.
 Topic Sentence: States what your
  paragraph is focusing on and how it
  ties to your thesis.

 Set-Up: Give context about the
  evidence you are presenting.

 Evidence: The evidence you are
  using to support your thesis. Focus
  on 1-2 pieces of evidence ONLY per
  body paragraph!!!!

 Analysis: Demonstrate how your
  evidence supports your thesis.

 Transition: Connects one body
  paragraph to the next.
 Restate Thesis: Paraphrase
  your thesis without
  echoing it in your
 Restate Subtopics:
  Paraphrase your subtopics
  and analyze how they
  support your thesis.
 So What?: A concluding
  remark that leaves an
  impact with the reader.
  Should always have a
  connection to your hook.
 Remember: The readers score
  what you wrote, NOT what
  you didn’t!!!
 If you are running out of
  time, the part to skip is the
  conclusion. It should be clear
  in your essay the position you
  are taking, supported by the
  evidence you provide.
 That being said….it is better
  to include a conclusion to give
  a sense of completion to the
 What makes a good
   Think of your
    architecture. It should
    follow a logical structure:
   Chronological Order
   Sequential Order
   Matters of Degree
   2/3/1 format
   Weaving a Theme
 5 minutes to read
   5 minutes to develop a
    position with evidence.
   25 minutes to compose
    your essay.
   5 minutes to revise your
   TOTAL TIME = 40
   Hook: Reference personal experience, current
    events, an episode from a supplemental
    reading/movie/TV show that ties to your

   Thesis: Your position should either ask you:
   To What Extent…
   What Factors to Consider…
   Support/Refute Qualify. You ‘re encouraged to
    either support or refute the prompt because of
    the time constraints. However, if you decide to
    qualify, it gives you more voice/ethos with the
    readers because fewer people take this position
    in their essay.

   Subtopics: Reference personal experience,
    current events, an episode from a
    book/movie/TV show as evidence to support
    your thesis.
 Reference the following as evidence:
 Current Events
 Life Experience
 TV Shows
 Movies
 Supplemental Reading
 Essays
 Video Games
 Etc.
• Always make sure to give context.
  Don’t assume the reader knows the
  context of the evidence you are
• Make sure you reference the correct
 Your Hook should start
  with an anecdote/problem/
  situation/theme that
  relates to your thesis.
 Your So What? should
  either complete the
situation/theme or connect
 directly back to it to give a
 sense of wholeness.
 Thesis: Restate the type
  of rhetorical analysis
  asked for in the prompt.
 Subtopics: Choose three
  rhetorical devices to
  focus on and organize
  them using the 2/3/1
 5 minutes to read essay.
 5 minutes to identify the
  author’s objective, the
  author’s use of
  tone/structure, and tactic
  (rhetorical device).
 25 minutes to compose
  your essay.
 5 minutes to revise your
 Evidence should be
  linked to the rhetorical
  devices you have
 Analyze how evidence
  selected to passage ties
  to rhetorical device and
  supports thesis.
 Optional to cite line
  number from passage.
 If there is one type of
  essay a conclusion is not
  needed, this would be it.

 If you include a
  conclusion, clearly re-
  state the rhetorical
  devices you analyzed and
  how they support your
 5 minutes to read prompt
    and take a position.
   5 minutes to read texts.
   5 minutes to select three
    texts and develop your
    position (2-3-1).
   25 minutes to compose
    your essay.
   5 minutes to revise your
   TOTAL TIME = 55
 Set-Up: Give context to
  reader how source
  supports your thesis.
 Evidence: Always cite
  sources as Source A, B, C,
  etc.!!!! For visual texts, be
  detailed about how the
  visual supports your
 Analysis: Be specific and
  direct how evidence
  supports your thesis.
 Hook: If a quote or scenario is
  presented, use this as your
  hook to save time.
 Thesis: Clearly state whether
  you support, refute, or qualify
  the position presented in the
 Subtopics: Select three texts
  of the texts provided and
  organize them using the 2/3/1
  format. Offer context how
  you plan to use each source to
  support your thesis.
 Like the RAE essay,
  optional to include a

 If you elect to include a
  conclusion, paraphrase
  the prompt, clearly re-
  state your position, re-
  state your three texts as
  subtopics, and explain
  how the texts support
  your thesis.
 One way to add voice to your
  writing is to experiment with
  syntax and diction.
 Syntax: Add a periodic,
  cumulative, or hortative
  sentence. Follow a long
  sentence with a short one.
 Diction: Add tone words in
  your description . Describe
  something in an unusual way
  by using figurative language
  such as similes, metaphors,
  personification, hyperbole,
Weaving a theme is also a
  good way to add voice.
Hook/So What?: Make sure
  there is a clear connection
  between your Hook and So
Hook: Rhetorical Question
So What?: Answer
Hook: Begin Story
So What?: Complete Story
Hook: Problem
So What?: Solution
 If you have any time to
  spare, revise your essay:
 Check spelling errors.
 Check grammatical
 Make sure you have clear
  topic sentences and
  transitions between
 Avoid
    which makes you lose
   “Over the Years”
   “Back in the Day”
   Better to say…
   “During Twain’s era”
   “America during the Civil
 The pronoun “I” should
  be used sparingly.
 However it can be used
  in the argumentative or
  synthesis essays to give
  you ethos/authority as an
 Use it in your Hook, So
  What, or a personal
  example in the
  argumentative essay.
 #2 pencils for the
  Multiple Choice Exam
 Pens with blue/black
  ink for the essays.
 Eraser for mistakes.
 A watch to pace
 Hot beverage
 Electronic Device
  (including cell
 Dictionary
 Calculator
 Excessive jewelry
 Hook/So What? connected
    with Theme
   Experiment with Syntax
    and Diction
   Thorough Analysis
   Clear Thesis that focused
    throughout Essay
   Employ Citation Sandwich
   Qualifying Effectively
   Organize your body
    paragraphs using the 2/3/1
    structure .
 Weak, Vague, or Random Hook
    Hook/So What?
   Unfocused essay
   Spelling/Grammatical Errors
   Disorganized essay
   Misquoting or misnaming authors
   Funny, without being funny
   Having the structure of your body
    paragraphs different than your intro.
   Overgeneralizations or obvious
    Logical Fallacies in your argument.
   Illegible handwriting
   Write “DNF” if you don’t finish
 Manage your time well.
 Focused Introduction that
    takes a position and states
   Citation Sandwich used in
    each body paragraph.
   Connect introduction to
    conclusion with a theme.
   Experiment with diction
    and syntax to add voice.
   Revise if you have time to

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