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					MDGs and Donor Behaviour

Simon Scott, OECD
International Conference on MDG Statistics,
Manila, October 2011
  What would we expect if MDGs had
        made a difference?
 Overall increase in aid

 Shifts towards social sectors
  (especially health)
 Adoption of MDGs as targets

 Demand for MDG-related indicators
                                                       Overall increase in aid
                            140



                            120



                            100
Constant 2009 USD billion




                             80          1970: UN ODA/GNI
                                               target agreed
                             60
                                                                                        1996: Shaping the 21st Century Strategy
                                                                                        2000: Millennium Development Goals
                             40                                                         2002: Monterrey Conference on Financing
                                                                                              for Development

                             20



                             0
                                  1960               1970               1980                1990                2000          2010


                                  Note: Total ODA excludes exceptional debt relief to Iraq and Nigeria in 2005-06.
Shift towards social sectors
    Adoption of MDGs as targets and
      demand for MDG indicators
 UK, Netherlands and Denmark produce MDG
  reports (heyday early 2000s)
 DAC tried a "sector approach" to measuring
  aid to MDGs (2002-3)
 Slower growth of interest in USA, Japan,
  Australia
 Demand for indicators: IAEG, MDG reports,
  Global Monitoring Report etc.
                 MDG 1: A special case

 Halve the share of very poor people in developing
  countries

 Not from a UN conference

 More "growth focused" than other MDGs, though
  still social
                  MDG 1 results

 Will be achieved, unlike other MDGs

 Mostly not thanks to aid

 Food security element neglected until 2008 food
  security crisis and 2009 L'Aquila G8
     The “sectoral” MDGs - key donor
                responses
 MDG2 - budget support to allow abolition of
  school fees
 MDG3 - gender mainstreaming reversed - Danish
  torch campaign, Dutch MDG3 Fund
 MDG4 - GAVI and rise of MNCH - Canada most
  recently in lead
 MDG5 - Muffled reaction: MMR reduction target
  unrealistic; data controversies
         The “cross-cutting” MDGs

 MDG6 - Health spending skewed to AIDS; use of
  vertical funds (GFATM, PEPFAR); progress on malaria
  hobbled by DDT controversy; tuberculosis only now
  taking off

 MDG7 - Environment spending skewed to climate
  change, with niche funding of other issues - e.g.
  Switzerland on forestry, New Zealand on
  fisheries. Water management still broadly
  supported.
                    Conclusions

 MDGs have been a major mobilising force for aid
  donors

 Overall, MDGs a positive influence, though lobbying
  and special interests still present

 Can't judge MDGs' impact only from 2000: UN
  conferences in 1990s set agenda
   Thank you
For more information
 www.oecd.org/dac

				
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posted:5/8/2013
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