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Science and European public opinion_ 1977 by dffhrtcv3

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									New sciences in a new country – the
          Irish paradox

            Brian Trench
         Celsius group, DCU
Ernest Walton, 1903-95
The Irish National
Conversation on Biotechnology
There is a potential for conflict between the
demand by industry and the research
community to move forward and capitalise
on the economic opportunities presented
by biotechnology and those who advocate a
broader perspective that would take into
account the long-term social /
environmental / ethical / safety impacts of
these types of technological developments
… A communications strategy in
biotechnology that uses a partnership
approach with ongoing, transparent and
open dialogue should be a priority of any
initiative.
 HOW WELL INFORMED PEOPLE FEEL ABOUT
      SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS

                              ‘98     ‘00

     Very well informed     4%      8%


    Fairly well informed    30%
                                    33%


                 Neither    9%
                                    14%

 Not very well informed     33%

                                    30%



 Not at all well informed   22%
                                    15%


MEAN SCORE                  2.62    2.91
                           ATTITUDE SHIFTS on STI

                       SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ARE      THERE SHOULD BE MORE TIME
                       IMPORTANT BUT NOT THE BE ALL      AND SPACE GIVEN OVER TO
                          AND END ALL OF FUTURE       SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES IN IRISH
                           ECONOMIC PROGRESS            NEWSPAPERS, TV AND RADIO

                          ‘96      ‘98      ‘00           ‘96       ‘98       ‘00


     Agree strongly     25%       26%      22%                               22%
                                                        30%       29%




      Agree slightly                       44%                               44%
                        49%       49%                   36%       39%



                                           21%
Neither / don’t know    13%
                                                        19%       18%        25%
                                  13%
                                  9%       11%
   Disagree slightly    11%                             11%       11%        8%
  Disagree strongly     2%        3%       2%           3%        3%         1%

 MEAN SCORE             3.83      3.86     3.74         3.79      3.80      3.80
 TY STUDENTS’ LEVELS OF INTEREST IN STI


                         1998    2000   2002




    Very interested             20%     18%
                        25%


                                        31%
                                34%


   Fairly interested    41%


                                        27%
                                28%
             Neither    16%

                                        16%
Not very interested     11%     13%
Not at all interested   6%              8%
                                4%
HOW WELL INFORMED TY STUDENTS FEEL ABOUT
SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS

                           2000    2002


    Very well informed     3%      3%


                                  29%

   Fairly well informed    42%



                                  32%
  Neither informed nor
                           24%
            uninformed


                                  29%
                           27%
Not very well informed

Not at all well informed   5%     6%
          TY STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TO S&T, 1998-2002

                       Only by applying the most modern    There should be more time and space
                     technology, can our economy become   given to scientific discoveries and tech.
                               more competitive           Info. In Irish newspapers, TV and radio

                            ‘98          ‘00     ‘02            ‘98          ‘00          ‘02


   Agree strongly                                             21%
                       26%        29%          28%                        29%          24%




                                                              46%                      37%
                       41%        39%          38%                        37%
    Agree slightly


                                  14%                                                  17%
          Neither      20%                     16%                        14%
                                                              21%
 Disagree slightly                                                        12%          15%
                       11%        14%
                                               15%            7%
Disagree strongly
                                   3%                         4%           8%           6%
                       2%                      2%

AVERAGE              3.79         3.76         3.76           3.63       3.73            3.58
Presentation of EU survey results




  Highest EU      Irish   Lowest
          average (IE)
                  score
Science and European public opinion, 1977

• Are you interested in     76   66   56   56
  information on science    NL   EC   IE   IE
  discoveries?
• Do you (at least          73   55   45   45
  sometimes) discuss
                            LU   EC   IE   IE
  science with friends?
• Do you see science as a   81   69   61
  main factor in
  improvements in life?     LU   EC   IE
Science and European public opinion, 1977

• Life has changed a great    84       84   65   46
  deal (agree)?               IE       IE   EC   DE

• Life has changed for the    74       74   52   44
  better (agree)?             IE       IE   EC   NL

• Science is (very / quite)   93       88   78   78
  important in these          FR, NL   EC   IE   IE
  changes?
Awareness of new sciences, 2005, 2006
     Europeans and biotechnology, 2005

       How familiar are you with the following?
               (Very / quite familiar)

            GM foods   Gene therapy   Nanotechnology Pharmacogenetics

            92 SE      73 NL          69 DK          47 SE
EC          80         45             44             27
IE          68         40             26             21
            52 LT      22 MT          26 IE          14 UK
     Europeans and biotechnology, 2005

     How familiar are you with stem cell research?
                (Very / quite familiar)

             Very         Fairly   Not very   Not at all

             14 DK        47 DK    56 SK      67 EL
IE           5            29       33         34
EC           4            26       37         32
             0 SLO, SI,   7 EL     24 EL      10 DK
             CZ
  Special EB, 2006: Biomedical research

Have you heard of EC        63   44   25   22
  funding of medical and    EL   EU   IE   UK
  health research?

Have you heard of (Irish)
  researchers working on    72   52   28   28
  EU collaborative
                            FR   EU   IE   IE
  research in medicine
  and health?
Informedness on science-based issues,
          2005, 2007, 2008
Europeans and radioactive waste, 2005-8

How well informed are you on radioactive waste?


                    Well (2005)   Well (2008)

                    51 SE         52 SE
        IE          26            21
        EC          25            25
                    15 PT         15 BG
Europeans and biodiversity loss, 2007

How well informed are you on biodiversity loss?


                 Very well + well Not at all

                 53 DE            38 SK
        EC       38               21
        IE       25               37
                 20 IT            11 EE, BE,FI,
                                  BG
Europeans and climate change, 2008

 How well informed are you on consequences
       and cause of climate change?

                  Well             Well
                  (consequences)   (causes)
                  85 SE            88 SE
      IE          59               59
      EC          56               56
                  34 PT            33 RO
Interest in science, 1989, 2005, 2006,
              2007, 2008
            Europeans and S&T, 1989
         How interested are you in the following?
                    (very interested)

                               52   35     28       21
• New scientific discoveries
                               FR   EC     IE       PT

• Medical discoveries          61   41     32       20
                               FR   EC     IE       ES
• New technologies and
                               48   32     29       19
  inventions
                               FR   EC     IE       DE
          Europeans and S&T, 2005
       How interested are you in the following?
                  (very interested)


                           64     30     26       11
• New scientific
  discoveries              CY     EC     IE       LT


• New technologies and     54     30     27       14
  inventions               CY     EC     IE       LT
  Special EB, 2006: Biomedical research

Are you (very/fairly)     93   71   66   47
  interested in medical   EL   EU   IE   LT
  and health research?

Are you (very/fairly)
  interested in science   82   60   47   40
  and technology?         EL   EU   IE   CZ
Scientific research in media, 2007

How interested are you in scientific research?

            Very       Fairly       Not at all

            27         55           34
            DK         FR, FI, SE   BG, IE
  EC        13         44           16
  IE        9          32           34
            3          26           6
            CZ         RO           DF, SE
Flash EB, 2008: Young people and science

• Are you (moderately /     86   67   53   53
  very) interested in S&T   PT   EU   IE   IE
  news?
• Are you interested in     97   87   83   80
  new inventions and
                            PT   EU   UK   IE
  technologies?
• Are you interested in
  the universe, sky and     81   64   54   49
  stars?                    PT   EU   IE   PL
Attention to science, 1989, 2005, 2007
         Europeans and S&T, 1989

     Visit the following at least once in past year?


• Science museum or          26     19      8      8
  science centre             LU     EC      IE     IE
                             47     35      32     21
• Zoo or aquarium
                             DE     EC      IE     IT

• Natural history museum 28         21      19     10
                         BE         EC      IE     EL
     Europeans and biotechnology, 2005

• Do you talk (frequently /   50   32   18   18
  occasionally) about         DK   EU   IE   IE
  biotechnology?
• Would you take part in      45   33   29   15
  public discussions or       LU   EU   IE   ES
  hearings?
• Would you watch a TV        83   68   64   41
  programme or read an
                              SE   EU   IE   ES
  article?
      Europeans and S&T, 2005


How often do you read articles on science in
          press or on internet?

         Regularly   Occasionally Hardly ever   Never

 NL      38          32           18            12
 EC      19          40           20            20
 IE      16          35           19            25
 IT      10          41           21            28
Scientific research in media, 2007

    Do you use / read the following?
       (regularly + occasionally)

             Internet      Science
             search for    articles in
             scientific    press or
             information   magazines
             44 DK         79 SE
     EC      28            49
     IE      19            34
             16 HU         30 HU
     Scientific research in media, 2007

Do you watch / listen / buy media on scientific research?
              (regularly + occasionally)


                  TV         Radio      Specialised
                  programmes programmes press
                  84 LU       52 EE       36 LU
         EC       61          26          22
         IE       48          25          12
                  48 IE       17 PT       11 PL, HU
Disposition towards science, 1989,
            1997, 2005
          Europeans and S&T, 1989

How do you respond to the following?         (strongly
                  agree / agree)

                           75     58    54     51
• Science-led change is
                           EL     EC    IE     PT, UK
  too rapid

• Benefits of science      57      48   46     30
  outweigh harms           EL, ES, IE   EC     NL
                           FR
          Europeans and S&T, 2005

How do you respond to the following?        (strongly
                  agree / agree)

                           94    60    42     42
• Science-led change is
  too rapid                EL    EC    IE     IE


• Benefits of science      PL    52    50     39
  outweigh harms           65    EC    IE     NL
          Europeans and S&T, 1989
How do you respond to the following?        (strongly
                  agree / agree)

• We are too dependent      57    46   45     35
  on science, not enough
  on faith                  ES    EC   IE     BE


• Scientific knowledge is   46    37   35     27
  not important to me in
  my daily life             ES    EC   IE     LU
          Europeans and S&T, 2005

How do you respond to the following?        (strongly
                  agree / agree)

• We are too dependent      63   41    40     24
  on science, not enough    MT   IE    EC     NL
  on faith

• Scientific knowledge is
  not important to me in    54   42    37     24
  my daily life             AT   IE    EC     MT
          Europeans and S&T, 1989

How important is it that EC engages in research on the
       following?           (very important)

                           74     56     55     35
Renewable energy
                           DK     IE     EC     PT

Biotechnology applied to   55     51     47     37
  agriculture              IT     IE     EC     NL, PT


                           55     55     38     17
Nuclear energy
                           IE     IE     EC     LU
    Europeans and biotechnology, 1997

Biotech research brings      70       58   54   31
  benefits in food (quite
  agree/ definitely agree)   NL       IE   EU   AT



Biotech research brings      16       16   9    4
  benefits in food (DK)      AT, BE   IE   EU
                                                IT, NL, SE
  Europeans and biotechnology, 1997



Biotech research brings     80     69   66   36
benefits in plants (quite   NL, FI EU   IE   AT
agree/ definitely agree)

Biotech research brings     17    17    9    3
benefits in food (DK)
                            IE    IE    EU   NL
Europeans and biotechnology, 2005
     Europeans and biotechnology, 2005

         Support for following technologies


           GM foods   Gene therapy   Nanotechnology Pharmacogenetics

           46 CZ      60 BE          72 FI          69 BE
EC         27         50             55             52
IE         29         34             33             33
           13 LU      32 MT, LT      33 IE          31 SL
     Europeans and biotechnology, 2005
     Do you support embryonic stem cell research?

          With usual   With tighter   Only under    Not at all   Don’t know
          regulation   regulation     special
                                      circumstances

          41 DK        60 BE          31 SI          20 EL       36 EE

EC        23           36             17             9           15

IE        15           21             19             11          34

          3 SI         23 EE          10 ES          4 SE, DK, 2 EL
                                                     NL, IT
‘Don’t Know’ responses, 1992, 1996,
           1999, 2007
Europeans and S&T, 1992
Irish biotechnology ‘knowledge’ responses,
                 1996, 1999
     Scientific research in media, 2007


Importance of science in   42    34   15   5
  media? (DK)              BG    IE   EU   EL

Satisfied with media
  information on scientific 47   38   20   4
  research? (DK)            BG   IE   EU   EL
     Scientific research in media, 2007

Media information on       22   22   8    2
 science is useful? (DK)   IE   IE   EU   SK

Media information on
 science is difficult to   23   23   8    0
 understand? (DK)          BG   IE   EU   EL
Attitudes to S&T, 2008
                2008 Survey for SFI
• SFI commissioned Drury Research to explore:
   – Attitudes towards Science / Engineering / Technology
   – Perceived importance of investment in Scientific /
      Engineering / Technology research
   – Understanding & perceived importance of a knowledge
      based economy
   – SFI awareness, understanding of SFI role
  Q3. There has been some media coverage about Ireland becoming a knowledge
  based economy. How well informed do you feel you are about what this means?




   Very well informed        12




       Well informed         13



                                    27                  Only 1 in 4 claim to be informed
              Neither
                                                        about the term “knowledge based
                                                        economy”.

        Not informed          14                        Similar results throughout, except:
                                                        ABC1 32% consider themselves
                                                        well informed, compared with 20%
   Not at all informed             23                   of C2DE


Base: All (1001)
         Don't Know          10



                         0               20   40   60      80        100
                Q2(i). Agree or Disagree with the following statement:
 Investing in scientific research is critical to Ireland’s future economic development




      Totally Agree                          56




             Agree                 21




                              10                                 Younger age cohort less likely to
           Neither
                                                                 appreciate economic benefit of
                                                                 investment in scientific research:

          Disagree        3                                      67% of 18 – 24 year olds agree,
                                                                 compared with 77% overall
                                                                 NB: vast majority of ABC1
  Totally Disagree        3                                      agreed with the statement
                                                                 (84%)
Base: All (1001)

       Don't Know             7



                      0                 20        40   60   80           100

								
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