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Factors Affecting the Travel and Tourism Industry 2 - PowerPoint

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					          Epistemic Games


                           By:
                      Ali Shameem
            Instructional Technology Masters Student
                       College of Education




Presentation is based on David Williamson Shaffer’s
book “How Computer Games Help Children to Learn”


                                                       1
Overview
•   Problem in our education system
•   Epistemic Games
•   Elements of Epistemic frames
•   Epistemic frames
•   Is it really a Game?
•   Example of Epistemic Games :Digital Zoo
•   Example of Epistemic Games :Urban Science
•   Building Epistemic games: Epistemography
•   More Information about games and Learning


                                                2
Problem in our education system

• Currently our Education is about
  – giving the learner basic skills
  – Preparing students to score well in
    standardized tests.
• Basic skills jobs no longer exist
• We should raise the bar on educational
  achievement
• Our kids and our economy will be left
  behind
                                           3
Epistemic Games

• They are a way to help students learn
  to think like professionals.
• they are based on what we already
  know about how people learn to be
  innovative thinkers
• how thinking is used to solve real
  problems in the world outside of the
  game
• This concept is based on the idea of
  “epistemic frames”
                                          4
Epistemic Frames
 – New way of thinking about thinking
 – the way of thinking and working of a
   profession or other community of
   practice
 – entails a situated and action-based
   form of learning based on the ways in
   which professionals develop these
   epistemic frames.

                                       5
Elements of Epistemic frame
• 5 elements of Epistemic frame are
  –   Epistemology
  –   knowledge,
  –   skills,
  –   values &
  –   identity.
• professionals organize their work
  around these epistemic frames
• professionals use them to think in
  innovative ways
                                       6
Is it really a Game?

•The definition of a game from Rules of
Play: Game Design Fundamentals book
 A game is a system
In which players
 engaged in an artificial conflict
 defined by rules
That results in a quantifiable outcome


                                          7
Is it really a Game?
•   Epistemic games are role playing games
•   It is system
•   A number of players involved in game play
•   Engaged in an accurate simulation of real-life
    problem.
    – overcome obstacle to achieve the goal
• Defined by rules same as the ones in real life
• May or may not have a quantifiable outcome
    – The experience is considered more important
    – Learning through experience/interactions of
      game play
                                                    8
Examples of Epistemic Games
:Digital Zoo
• A game developed at the
  University of Wisconsin
• Players become biomechanical
  engineers and design virtual
  creatures.
• Uses Sodaconstructor
  – a virtual spring-mass modeling
    environment
  – Players advance from one level of
    the game by producing designs
    for clients.


                                        9
Example of Epistemic Games
:Urban Science
• Very similar to commercial
  game SimCity
• Why not use SimCity?
  – SimCity is not an epistemic game.
• Role-playing game of
  professional urban planning.
• designed to re-create an urban
  planning practicum.
• iPlan is the epistemic game
  engine used in Urban Science


                                        10
Building Epistemic games:
Epistemography
• Build based on the way professionals develop
  skills – Practica
• By analyzing practicum through
  epistemography
  – By looking at the kind of actions and kind of
    reflection-on-action that develops the epistemic
    frame of the profession.
• How can we make these learning practices
  available for other through games.




                                                       11
Questions
The following questions are asked when
  designing an epistemic game.
  – What is worth being able to do in the world?
  – Who knows how to do this kind of things
    and how do they learn how to do it?
  – How can we make these learning practices
    available for the others?
    • Technology that can create simulations.




                                                12
More Information about games
and Learning

• Details on all of these games are
  available at Shaffer's Web site,
  Epistemic Games
  (www.epistemicgames.org).




                                      13
Questions ??

  Thank you




               14

				
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posted:5/8/2013
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