Docstoc

Expressivity as the trigger of language change ---A study on

Document Sample
Expressivity as the trigger of language change ---A study on Powered By Docstoc
					 Expressivity as the trigger of
        language change
---A study on Chinese degree intensifier

                  Emmie Li
        National Tsing Hua University
        De Lin Institute of Technology
Motivations of Morphological Changes


    Language acquisition (Anderson1973,
     Chomsky 1981, Lightfoot 1989)

    Language contact (Sapir 1921, Bynon 1977,
     Hock 1991)

    Speech Function (Langacker 1977, Haiman
     1983)
Changes Motivated by Speech Function

   Changes in meaning
1. Semantic Extension (Lichtenberk 1991)
It occurs whenfunction to “integrate new
 The speakers the speakers are searching
 Changes in are trying
   information alwaysmeaning
           are original in searching is already
 Speakersword with information that new and
  ways to maximize the informativeness of
   accessible.” (Blakemore 1990)
   innovative ways
  communication. of intensifying things to
   enhance expressivity.
2. Bleaching (Hopper & Traugott 1993)
                     original meaning
           word
Changes Motivated by Speech Function

   Changes in meaning

   Changes in function
                                  verb
    1. Divergence         lexical
                         word item > morphology
                                    (Meillet 1958)
    2. Renewal
       Words are renewed with more expressive ways for
    3. Specialization thing.
       saying the same
    If many new items are generated and applied around the same
    time, a potential hierarchy of vividness is formed according to
    listener’s perception. The topmost ones will be used more
    frequently than others.
      Changes of Chinese Intensifiers

    Lexical originated
   Eg. luan :V., of being expressive
  The need ‘to disturb’ → luan: Adv. (intensifier), very

     A Holistic View
2. Frequent use of certain
1. A potential frequent-used
3. When the hierarchy of
   vividness ismay lead an
   intensifiers formed when
   words cease to maketo a
   reduction items are
   impression, a new orapplied
   these newin vividness.
   around the terms are The
   Then, new same time.
   renewed one will come into
   topmost ones will be used
   use.
   expected again.
   more frequently.
                                        Renewal     Specialization
       Changes of Chinese Intensifiers

    Lexical originated
    The need of being expressive
     A Discrete View

                            Semantic
    超 chau (V. ‘to cross)   extension (V. ‘to overtake’)
                                        (V. ‘to cross’)

    Divergence   (Adj. ‘outstanding)   Divergence         (Adv. ‘very’)
                 (V. ‘to overtake’)                       (Adj. ‘outstanding)
                 (V. ‘to cross)                           (V. ‘to overtake’)
                                                          (V. ‘to cross)
     Changes of Chinese Intensifiers

   Lexical originated
   The need of being expressive
    A Discrete View
                                                             dying out
夠 gou (V. ‘to gather’) Bleaching   (V. ‘to satisfy’)
                                   (V. ‘to gather’)


      Divergence   (Adv. ‘extremely)
                   (V. ‘to satisfy’)
                   (V. ‘to gather’)            disappeared
                Conclusion
   Motivation of expressivity

   Lexical originated

   Changes involved in individual development:
    semantic extension, divergence, bleaching.

   The grammaticalization of the whole system:
    circulating between process of renewal and
    specialization.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:5/8/2013
language:English
pages:8