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中州技術學院 應用外語系 • 科目: 字彙與閱讀 II • 教材: Recognizing Parts of Speech • 教師: 楊昌忻 Purpose When you try to figure out the meaning of a new vocabulary item from the context and to use the item correctly in speaking and writing, it helps to know what part of speech the word is. A Useful Method: the Suffix Sometimes you can tell the part of speech from the suffix (the ending) on a word. Here are some common noun suffixes. Nouns Suffixes : -er, -or, -ist teacher, professor, tourist -sion, -tion discussion, action -ment, -ness enrollment, happiness -ure, -ture pressure, temperature Some more common noun suffixes. Nouns Suffixes : -s, -es dogs, buses -ance, -ence distance, difference -ty, -ity ability, availability Here are some common adjective suffixes. Adjective Suffixes : -ar similar, popular -ic, -al, -ical comic, legal, physical -ful, -less beautiful, careless -ive, -ical expensive, physical Some more common adjective suffixes. Adjective Suffixes : -er (than) (comparative form) higher, smaller, bigger -ant, -ent distant, different -able, -ible available, responsible Here are some common adverb suffixes. Adverb Suffixes : -ly clearly, simply, politely -ally scientifically, traditionally Now, you do the exercise Are the following words nouns, adjectives, or adverbs? Click on the correct answer. – Intelligence noun adjective adverb – creativity noun adjective adverb – pleasant noun adjective adverb More exercises – magnificent noun adjective adverb – available noun adjective adverb – politely noun adjective adverb – convenience noun adjective adverb You’ve got that right. How do you like this present? Wow! The scenery here is very _______. beauty beautifully beautiful (Click on the right answer) Sorry, you’re wrong. Now, you do it again.The eagle is looking at you ______. angry angrily (Click on the right answer) Congratulations! • Don’t just look at the night view of Sydney! Do the next one, OK! Click here Wrong again! Tell you. You had better think before you make your ______. decide decisive decision Look this monkey is watching you. Whoops! I think you need to study more. OK! I want to read again. No, I want to do the next one. Way to go! Keep on doing. Look again! Let me try again. Hey! Not bad. How do you think about me? Am I a real _______? beauty beautifully beautiful (Click on the right answer) Don’t ask me. I don’t know the answer. You figure out the answer yourself. Oh, yeah! You’re right. Go to the next one. Are you sleeping? “Don’t bother me. I’m thinking.” OK! I want to do it again. Ha! Ha! Try again. Watch it! • Do it one more time. Bingo! I’d love to do the next one. Wait! Let me think. • I want to try again. Use your head. • Okay! I’ll do it right next time. Wrong! • Try again. Are you sure? • Let me do it again. You are lost. • I want to go back. Am I right? • Wrong, do it again. Very good! • Try another one. Good for you! • Keep on doing. Good! You’ve learned.
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