Regional policy and demographic change by dffhrtcv3

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									Regional policy and demographic
             change
            Martin Ferry

         Warsaw, December 2009
                                                            Introduction

• Key questions:
    Is demographic change an issue for regional policy-makers?
    If so, how is the issue being addressed?
• Structure:
    Overview of demographic trends
    Emerging policy themes
    Policy design and delivery
    Concluding points



2                        Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde
    Territorial dimensions of
        demographic change

              • East-West divide

              • Urban-Rural dimension

              • Capital city effect




3   Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde
                    The Polish context


              • East-West divide
              • Urban-Rural dimension
              • Differentiation in working age
                population
              • Suburbanisation effect
              • Net migration outwards, except
                richest regions.



4   Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde
              Demographic issues in regional
                                  policy (1)
• Consumption of goods and services
 Migration or ageing as potential driver for regional or local
  service economies
 Impact of residential tourism or retirement can boost consumption
  (e.g. Southern Europe)
 Issues of sustainability
 Depends on wealth of older population or migrants
• Regional integration
 Danger of social polarisation, exclusion, tensions
 Providing access to education, training, jobs (e.g. Austria, Portugal)

5                            Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde
                                    Demographic issues in
                                       regional policy (2)
• Regional labour markets
     Strengthening training and skills of reduced labour resources
     Attracting workers (return of migrants, improved mobility) (e.g
      Scotland)
• Regional infrastructure and spatial planning
     Social infrastructure (health, education, welfare etc.)
    o Adjusting service provision to meet changing demand (e.g. Germany)
    o Issues of access to services in depopulating regions
    o Importance of Information and Communications Technology (e.g.
      Nordics)

     Technical infrastructure (e.g. transport, housing)
    o Threat of urban sprawl

6                              Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde
                       Policy design and delivery
• Demography ‘mainstreamed’ in strategies

• Demographic criteria in regional aid allocation

• Strengthening the evidence base (regional observatories)
• Examples of regional initiatives:
     Revising regional programmes to take account of return migration
     Participating in international project on ageing


• Coordination challenges (horizontal and vertical)

7                          Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde
                                                           Conclusions

• Demographic change is an issue for Polish regional policy
    ‘Place-based’ challenges and opportunities require
     ‘place based’ responses
    New policy directions in demography and regional
     development correspond, to a certain extent
BUT
• Significant coordination challenge and capacity issues
• Early stages, illustrates challenges facing new, complex
  regional policy models, not just in Poland.


8                     Martin Ferry, European Policies Research Centre, University of Strathclyde

								
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