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Challenges in 21 st Century Engineering Education - Arlington

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					Challenges in 21st Century Engineering Education


               Dr. Jonathan Bredow
               Professor and Chair
        Department of Electrical Engineering



                                                   1
General (simplistic) view of many factors involved in
            education (undergraduate)
                        Undergraduate
                          students



                           Leveling/
                         Extracurricular
     Industry needs



 Grand Challenges/      Undergraduate      Students not graduating in the
 Societal constraints     Program          program



   Research Needs




                                                                        2
Undergraduate students




                         3
From Reference 3   4
From Reference 3
                   5
                        First Engineering Degrees

300



250



200
                                                                                                              China
                                                                                       China                  Japan
                                                                                                              S. Korea
150                                                                                                           US
                                                                                                              UK
                                                                                                              Germany
100

                                                                                            Japan
50
                                                                               US
  0
  83

         84

              85

                   86

                        87

                             88

                                  89

                                       90

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                                                                                                   02
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                                                                                                 20
      Source: Science and Engineering Indicators 2006, National Science Foundation, Washington, DC
                                                                                                        From Reference 1
                                                                                                                         6
         Undergraduate student attention items

• Outreach to develop the pool of recruits is critical

• Recruiting and retention are challenging

• Transfer student issues

• Focus on applications/systems

• Focus on “hands-on” and active learning


                                                         7
     Many needs in student development, beyond the
                  technical education

•   Nano-Bio-Info
•   Large Complex Systems
•   An entire new life-science base
•   Astounding computation and storage capabilities
•   Globalization
•   Innovation
•   Leadership
•   Teamwork across disciplines, fields, nations and cultures
•   Experiential Learning: Conceive / Design / Implement / Operate.
•   Entrepreneurship
•   Product Development and Manufacturing
•   Sustainable Development

                                                From Reference 1      8
 One of the major problems needing to be addressed



• US 15-year-olds ranked 27th out of 39
  countries that participated in a 2003
  administration of the Program for
  International Student Assessment (PISA)
  examination, which assessed students’ ability
  to apply mathematical concepts to real-world
  problems.

                          From Reference 3           9
Leveling/Extracurricular activities




                                      10
              Leveling/Extracurricular activities

• Coursework

• Mentoring opportunities

• Tutorials

• Web resources

• Student competitions

These are critical to student development!!

                                                    11
Industry Needs




                 12
       Context and Goals for
      Technological Education

• A New Century

• New Innovation and Enterprise Models

• New Technological Frontiers

• Engineering Grand Challenges
                       From Reference 1   13
             With New Speed
       Y ears for Innovative Products to Reach 25%
                    of the U.S. Population


W orld W ide W e b


     C e ll P ho ne

       P e rso na l
      C o m pute r

          R a dio


     T e lepho ne


    Auto m o bile


                    0   10   20   30    40     50          60



                                        From Reference 1        14
Engineering Grand Challenges
               See the NAE website.


      Energy
   Environment                    Reducing Vulnerability to
  Global Warming                 Human and Natural Threats
   Sustainability



                                   Expand and Enhance
Improve Medicine and                Human Capability
 Healthcare Delivery                    And Joy


              From Reference 1
                                                              15
       Engineering Grand Challenges
                     Announced Feb. 15, 2008



•   Make Solar Energy Economical         •    Secure Cyberspace
•   Provide Energy from Fusion           •    Prevent Nuclear Terror
•   Develop Carbon Sequestration         •    Restore and Improve Urban
    Methods                                   Infrastructure
•   Manage the Nitrogen Cycle
•   Provide Access to Clean Water        •    Reverse Engineer the Brain
                                         •    Enhance Virtual Reality
•   Engineer Better Medicines            •    Advance Personalized Learning
•   Advance Health Informatics           •    Engineer the Tools of Scientific
                                              Discovery
                                    From Reference 1
                                                                                 16
Research Needs




                 17
                Electrical Engineering Research Areas
                           Renewable Energy & Vehicular Technology     Nanotechnology & MEMS –
Optical Devices and Systems                                              Materials and Devices




                              ICs


  Systems, Controls &
Automated Manufacturing                                         Power Systems & Industrial
                                                                   Power Electronics
                                RFID




                             Electromagnetic Fields and Applications
                                                                   Medical Imaging




                                                                                             18
Undergraduate Program




                        19
       Immediate Impact – Undergraduate Program
• Currently straight-line flow curriculum




                                                  20
Immediate Impact – Undergraduate Program (2)




                                               21
    Immediate Impact – Undergraduate Program (3)

• Changes planned for undergraduate curriculum

   – Begin with system-level view
   – Condense core components to enable specialization
   – Provide additional hands-on experiences
   – Add multidisciplinary components
   – Solidify/provide additional experiences related to globalization,
     societal impact, etc.
   – Tie to research (NSF REU will help provide resources)




                                                                         22
    Immediate Impact – Undergraduate Program (4)
• Curriculum delivery methods

   –   Emphasize interactive instruction
   –   Support interactive instruction with demos and mini-lab components
   –   Better utilize variety of supporting materials available on the web
   –   GTAs to provide tutorials on Matlab, Spice, basic math skills,etc.


• Promote extracurricular activities

   – Competitions directed toward motivating performance, outreach and
     recruiting
   – Promote/reward leadership


                                                                             23
• There is a lot out there:
   –   Experiential learning
   –   Projects
   –   Computer-assisted learning
   –   CDIO (Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate)
   –   Business Plan Competitions
   –   UROP, UPOP (Undergraduate Research/Practice Opportunities Project)
   –   Studio Learning
   –   WebLab
   –   Second Life …… etc. (Virtual World)
   –   Entire new schools like Olin College




                                    From Reference 1                   24
  General (simplistic) view of many factors involved in
                 education (graduate)

                  Industry needs        Graduate
                                        students
               Grand Challenges/
                Societal constraints

                                         Leveling/
                                       Extracurricular

   Products                                              Patents
                      Partners/
   Services          Collaborators      Graduate         Publications
                                        Program
                                                         Students not graduating in the
                                                         program

Professional
Service                Faculty/
                      Centers of
                      Excellence


                                                                                  25
Graduate students




                    26
From Reference 2   27
From Reference 2   28
Partners/Collaborators




                         29
• The power of regional innovation clusters

• Proximity of small companies and
  corporate labs to universities

• Venture capital networks


                         CV-Important roles of a Tier 1 institution
                                                               30
Centers of Excellence




                        31
                              Impact

• Necessary for going beyond incremental advances



• Facilitates bringing together highly skilled teams to solve big
  problems



• Serves as a magnet to attract major resources




                                                                    32
Graduate Program




                   33
• Competitions



• Promote centers of excellence



• Promote spin-offs




                                  34
                         Challenges

• Other players in the area

• Emphasis on research/graduate program while also providing
  solid undergraduate instruction

• Connecting/partnering with industry

• Context of Tier-1




                                                           35
                        Suggestions
• Better understanding of the value-added concept
• Skills in teaming (especially team-forming)
• Understand makeup of teams required to accomplish
  different sets of tasks
• Understanding relationships between value-added and sets of
  tasks




                                                            36
                                       References

1. Vest, Charles M., President, National Academy of Engineering, “Engineering Education for the
   21st Century, ASEE Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, June 23, 2008
2. NDEA 21: A Renewed Commitment to Graduate Education, The Council of Graduate Schools,
   Final Statement November 2005.
3. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter
   Economic Future, Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century:An
   Agenda for American Science and Technology, National Academy of Sciences, National
   Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, 2007.




                                                                                             37

				
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