Тан Жонг Минг
Tan Zhong Ming
*Note: Iosib Jughashvili in Georgian.
Important dates in Stalin's life
1979(Dec. 21) - Born in Gori, Georgia.
1901 - Joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor
1905 - Met Lenin for the first time.
1912 - Named by Lenin to Bolshevik Party Central
1917 - Named commissar of nationalities after Bolshevik
1922 - Appointed general secretary of Communist Party.
1928 - Began five-year plans to industrialize the
1929 - Became dictator of the Soviet Union.
1935 - Began great purge of Communist Party members.
1939 - The U.S.S.R. signed a nonaggression pact with
1941 - Named himself premier of the Soviet Union.
1941 - Germany attacked the U.S.S.R. during World
1953 - (March 5) Died in Moscow.
Name: Iosif Vissarionovich
Born in Gori, Georgia
Son of: Washermaid,
Very clever, intelligent and well-behaved.
Enrolled in a local school run by the
Orthodox Church in 1888
Later matriculated to the Tiflis
Theological Seminary in 1894
Introduced to Marxist ideas there
Joined a secret society named:
Expelled from school
Stalin and Bolsheviks
Joined Bolsheviks in 1901.
First met with Lenin in 1905 (Finland)
Was active in Bolshevik even when
Joined Pravda as an editor.
Lenin’s struggle for
Lenin’s April Thesis brought
controversies in Bolsheviks.
Stalin took a long time before
Rewarded by Lenin many times.
Was named Commissar of
Nationalities in 1917.
Allowed for “self-determination”
Part of the policy making committee of 5
“You know, to pass so quickly from an
underground existence to power makes
Played an important but not VITAL role.
Later realized of his plots to consolidate
Pre and Post effects
Appointed as General Secretary in
Lenin was getting ill.
Thought to be used as a mouthpiece.
Stalin used this position to consolidate his
Ability to ‘expel’ unsatisfactory members
Removed many Trotsky’s supporters
Real fear came when one of Lenin’s policy
was bein rejected by Stalin’s policy
Lenin called on Leon Trotsky to help him.
"Comrade Stalin, having become General
Secretary, has concentrated enormous power
in his hands: and I am not sure that he always
knows how to use that power with sufficient
caution. I therefore propose to our comrades
to consider a means of removing Stalin from
this post and appointing someone else who
differs from Stalin in one weighty respect:
being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite,
more considerate of his comrades."
Stalin joined Gregory Zinoviev and Lev
Lenin’s last will containing was never
Trotsky resigned from his post of
Commissar of War (Red army) after the
will was refused to be published
Stalin no longer had to share power
Five Year Plan
5 Year Plan
111% output in coal
200% in iron
335% in electric power
Liquified the Kulaks
Criticise bad work to work
Each factory had a sign to show workers’
Anyone who failed were deemed to be
‘sabotaging’ the FYP.
Many farmers resisted and were killed
Russia sank into famine, again.
Many of Stalin’s supporters against
Trotsky were interrogated and killed.
Entire Soviet was purged.
Anyone who disobeyed Stalin, or even
showed signs, were to be ‘vanished’
Red Army was purged (30,000 armed
forces killed, 50% of officers)
Made a pact with Germany to be neutral in
terms of a war.
Stalin feared Russia would be taken over
Red army was in bad shape
Not enough leaders
Not enough arms
Needed time for FYP
to work to prepare for
East Bloc and West Bloc
Stalin had many artists to paint posters of
Him with ‘happy’ civillians
Him as the Great Leader
Him leading the people
Tried to rewrite history of him as the
helper of Lenin
Places named after
Qyteti Stalin, 1950-1990 — Kuçovë, Albania
Stalin, 1949-1956 — Varna, Bulgaria
Stalinabad, 1929-1961 — Dushanbe,
Stalingrad, 1925-1961 — Volgograd, Russia
Staliniri, 1934-1961 — Tskhinvali, Georgia
Stalinogorsk, 1934-1961 — Novomoskovsk,
Stalinsk, 1932-1961 — Novokuznetsk, Russia
Stalin died in 1953, March fifth.
Stalin’s death, was celebrated by the
Many people yet, wept.
A term referring to the dictatorial style in
which Stalin led Communist Russia
It is not communism, but Stalinism.
Stalin had side-tracked too far from the
original Communist ideas
for the posters