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					              ИОСИФ
          ВИССАРИОНОВИЧ
           ДЖУГАШБИЛИ
             (СТАЛИН)
                ИСТОРИЯ 3101

   Донэ бй:
Тан Жонг Минг
 Тэррй Гани
  Пэррй Лам
    M06301
                   IOSIF
             VISSARIONOVICH
              DZHUGASHVILI*
                 (STALIN)
                  HISTORY 3101
   Done by:
Tan Zhong Ming
  Terry Gani
  Perry Lam
    M06301
*Note: Iosib Jughashvili in Georgian.
Important dates in Stalin's life
1979(Dec. 21) - Born in Gori, Georgia.
1901 - Joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor
Party.
1905 - Met Lenin for the first time.
1912 - Named by Lenin to Bolshevik Party Central
Committee.
1917 - Named commissar of nationalities after Bolshevik
revolution.
1922 - Appointed general secretary of Communist Party.
1928 - Began five-year plans to industrialize the
U.S.S.R.
1929 - Became dictator of the Soviet Union.
1935 - Began great purge of Communist Party members.
1939 - The U.S.S.R. signed a nonaggression pact with
Germany.
1941 - Named himself premier of the Soviet Union.
1941 - Germany attacked the U.S.S.R. during World
War II.
1953 - (March 5) Died in Moscow.
 I.D.

Name: Iosif Vissarionovich
Djugashvili

Born in Gori, Georgia

Son of: Washermaid,
bootmaker
          Childhood
Very clever, intelligent and well-behaved.
Enrolled in a local school run by the
Orthodox Church in 1888
Later matriculated to the Tiflis
Theological Seminary in 1894
Introduced to Marxist ideas there
        School life

Joined a secret society named:
Messame Dassy
Questioned authority
Expelled from school
Stalin and Bolsheviks

Joined Bolsheviks in 1901.
First met with Lenin in 1905 (Finland)
Was active in Bolshevik even when
Lenin exiled
Joined Pravda as an editor.
Lenin’s struggle for
      power
Lenin’s April Thesis brought
controversies in Bolsheviks.
Stalin took a long time before
following Lenin.
Rewarded by Lenin many times.
   Lenin’s Rewards

Was named Commissar of
Nationalities in 1917.
Why?
Allowed for “self-determination”
Part of the policy making committee of 5
men (Politburo)
“You know, to pass so quickly from an
underground existence to power makes
one dizzy.”--Lenin
           Civil war


Played an important but not VITAL role.

Later realized of his plots to consolidate
power.
Lenin’s Death
  Pre and Post effects
Appointed as General Secretary in
1922.

Lenin was getting ill.

Thought to be used as a mouthpiece.

Stalin used this position to consolidate his
powers
 General Secretary


Ability to ‘expel’ unsatisfactory members

Removed many Trotsky’s supporters
               Fear


Real fear came when one of Lenin’s policy
was bein rejected by Stalin’s policy

Lenin called on Leon Trotsky to help him.
"Comrade Stalin, having become General
Secretary, has concentrated enormous power
in his hands: and I am not sure that he always
knows how to use that power with sufficient
caution. I therefore propose to our comrades
to consider a means of removing Stalin from
this post and appointing someone else who
differs from Stalin in one weighty respect:
being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite,
more considerate of his comrades."
Stalin joined Gregory Zinoviev and Lev
Kamenev

Lenin’s last will containing was never
published. Why?
Trotsky resigned from his post of
Commissar of War (Red army) after the
will was refused to be published

Stalin no longer had to share power
    Stalin’s policies


Five Year Plan

Great Purge

Non-confrontation Pact
5 Year Plan
      111% output in coal

      200% in iron

      335% in electric power

      Nationalisation

      Liquified the Kulaks

      Why?
Guess what
this means
Criticise bad work to work
           better!
Each factory had a sign to show workers’
output.

Anyone who failed were deemed to be
‘sabotaging’ the FYP.

Many farmers resisted and were killed

Russia sank into famine, again.
       Great Purge
Many of Stalin’s supporters against
Trotsky were interrogated and killed.

Entire Soviet was purged.

Anyone who disobeyed Stalin, or even
showed signs, were to be ‘vanished’

Red Army was purged (30,000 armed
forces killed, 50% of officers)
   Soviet-Nazi Pact

Made a pact with Germany to be neutral in
terms of a war.

Stalin feared Russia would be taken over
by Germany

Red army was in bad shape
          Red Army
Not enough leaders
(purged)

Not enough arms
(slow industralisation)

Needed time for FYP
to work to prepare for
war
Post-war Stalin
            Post-war

Cold War

Personality

Death

Stalinism
           Cold-war
Iron curtain
Marshall Plan
Nuclear policies
Space policies
NATO
East Bloc and West Bloc
Korean War
Commintern
          Personality

Brutal

Cruel

Selfish

Intelligent(?)
        Propaganda
Stalin had many artists to paint posters of

  Him with ‘happy’ civillians

  Him as the Great Leader

  Him leading the people

Tried to rewrite history of him as the
helper of Lenin
Places named after
      Stalin
Qyteti Stalin, 1950-1990 — Kuçovë, Albania
Stalin, 1949-1956 — Varna, Bulgaria
Stalinabad, 1929-1961 — Dushanbe,
Tajikistan
Stalingrad, 1925-1961 — Volgograd, Russia
Staliniri, 1934-1961 — Tskhinvali, Georgia
Stalinogorsk, 1934-1961 — Novomoskovsk,
Russia
Stalinsk, 1932-1961 — Novokuznetsk, Russia
              Death

Stalin died in 1953, March fifth.

Stalin’s death, was celebrated by the
general population.

Many people yet, wept.

Why?
           Stalinism

A term referring to the dictatorial style in
which Stalin led Communist Russia

It is not communism, but Stalinism.

Stalin had side-tracked too far from the
original Communist ideas
           Sources

http://www.sovmusic.ru/english/index.php
for the posters

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUS
stalin.htm

http://www.barnsdle.demon.co.uk/russ/oct.
html

				
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