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					                                      CVC Thermoset Specialties
We Offer                                                                 Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers
 Products that deliver enhanced performance
	                                                                       Addition of our innovative Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers (RLP)
 Application and technology expertise
	                                                                       to your thermoset resin formulation will significantly enhance
 North American ISO-certified facilities
	                                                                       performance such as fracture toughness, low temperature
 Global service with regional distribution partners
	                                                                       mechanical properties, impact/crack/chip resistance, flexibility and
                                                                         adhesion to difficult to adhere-to substrates. Carboxy, Amine, Epoxy,
Our Legacy                                                               Methacrylate(Vinyl), Glycidyl Ester and Hydroxy end-functionality
                                                                         allows for crosslinking in a variety of systems. Ideally suited for
CVC Thermoset Specialties’ RLP Products are a unique, proprietary
                                                                         Epoxy, Vinyl Ester, UPE Urethane and Acrylic Resin Systems. Newer
technology originally developed by BFGoodrich, which enhance
                                                                         low viscosity epoxy functional grades can be used for glass and
performance in a wide array of technically challenging end-uses
                                                                         carbon fiber reinforced composites.
around the world. The product family had been sold for many
decades under the Hycar® tradename by predecessor corporations           HYPOX™ Elastomer Modified Epoxy Resins
– BFGoodrich, Noveon and Lubrizol. Following the formation of
Emerald Performance Materials in 2006, the products were rebranded       Elastomer modification of epoxy resins is a valuable way to further
as Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers.                                      enhance performance features such as: fracture toughness, peel
                                                                         strength, flexibility, low temperature performance, durability and
Prior to its acquisition by Emerald Performance Materials in 2008, CVC   adhesion to non-polar surfaces versus unmodified products.
Specialty Chemicals had been creating and manufacturing specialty        Technologies include Dimer Acid and CTBN Adducts, and Urethane
epoxy resins since 1982. Over the years, the company expanded its        Modified Epoxy Resins.
product offerings to coatings and adhesive formulators with the
acquisition of the specialty epoxy resin line of CL Industries           ERISYS™ Epoxy Functional Monomers and Modifiers
(Georgetown, IL) and substituted urea accelerators from Omicron          Monomers are used in epoxy formulations to reduce viscosity and
Chemical. Manufacturing and R&D capabilities were enhanced by            improve handling, processing, and application properties of formulations.
the 1995 purchase and subsequent expansions of the Akzo Chemical         Monomers and modifiers also enhance features, such as flexibility and
plant in Maple Shade, NJ.                                                toughness, and maintain chemical resistance and UV stability. Chemistries
                                                                         included Aromatic & Aliphatic Glycidyl Ethers, Glycidyl Amine and
CVC Thermoset Specialty Product Lines                                    Glycidyl Esters.
 Specialty Epoxy Resins
	
 Reactive Liquid Polymers
	                                                                       OMICURE™ Catalysts and Accelerators
 Elastomer-modified Epoxy Resins
	                                                                       Accelerating the cure speed and/or reducing the cure temperature
 Monomers and Modifiers
	                                                                       are important to optimize productivity, energy use, and ultimate physical
 Catalysts and Accelerators
	                                                                       properties. We offer Dicyandiamide and Boron-Based catalysts for
                                                                         Latent, one-component Heat Cured Epoxy Systems. Substituted Urea
EPALLOY™ Specialty Epoxy Resins                                          catalysts help to accelerate the cure speed and reduce cure temperatures
Improved chemical resistance, thermal performance, modulus,              of Dicyandiamide cured formulations and help to optimize productivity,
cure speed, and UV stability over other standard resins for coatings,    energy use, and ultimate physical properties.
composite, and adhesive applications. Technologies include
Epoxidized Phenol Novolacs, Resorcinol Modified Novolacs,                Emerald Corporation
Bis A Modified and Cycloaliphatic Epoxy Resins.                          CVC Thermoset Specialties is a division of Emerald Performance Materials
                                                                         (EPM). EPM produces a broad portfolio of additives and polymers
                                                                         used in diverse consumer and industrial products around the world.
                      Thermoset                                          Its products play a variety of roles in the products that are consumed
                                                                         and used every day enabling them to last longer, look, smell, taste or
                      Specialties                                        perform better. For more information, visit www.emeraldmaterials.com.
An Emerald Performance Materials Company
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Polymer     Electrical /
                                                                                                                                  Coatings                                                                                                                                                                                   Adhesives & Sealants                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Composites
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Modification Electronic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Wind Energy – Infusion, Hand Layup, Tooling and Adhesives
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Injection Molded Structural and Pumpable Pastes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Topcoat – Automotive Refinish and UV Stable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Civil Engineering – Floor Joints, Anchor Bolt
                                                                                                                                                                                                Cross-linkers – Overprint Varnish and Other




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Filament Winding – Pipes/Valves/Tanks


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Aerospace and Recreational Prepregs
                                                                           Primers – Automotive and Aerospace




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Resin Infusion – Industrial and Wind
                                                                                                                                  Flooring and Concrete Coatings




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Tooling and Stereolithography
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mastics and Sound Deadening




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Insulating Varnish – Dip & VPI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pressure Sensitive Adhesives
                                                                                                                                                                   Industrial and Maintenance




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Polyurethane Modification
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   PVC Plastisol Modification
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Syntatic Foam Insulation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SMC & BMC Modification




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Potting/Encapsulation


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Printed Circuit Boards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Urethane Adhesives
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Window Sealants
                                                                                                                Powder Coatings




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Film Adhesives




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Vinyl Ester
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pultrusion
               Product Line
               Hypro™ CT Series RLP
               Hypro™ AT Series RLP
Reactive       Hypro™ VT Series RLP
Liquid
Polymers       Hypro™ ET Series RLP
               Hypro™ LV Series RLP
               Hypro™ HT Series RLP
               EPALLOY™ 8000 Series – Unmodified Phenol Novolac Resins

Specialty      ERISYS™ RN Series – Resorcinol Modified Novolacs
Epoxy          EPALLOY™ 7100 Series – Bis A Modified Novolacs Resins
Resins         & Blends
               EPALLOY™ 5000 Series – Hydrogenated Bis A Resins
               HyPox™ D-Series Dimer Acid Modified Epoxy Resins
Elastomer
Modified       HyPox™ R-Series CT Modified Epoxy Resins
Resins
               HyPox™ U-Series Urethane Modified Epoxy Resins
               ERISYS™ GE 5,6,7 and 8 Series – Aliphatic Glycidyl Ethers
               ERISYS™ GE 10 Series – Aromatic Monoglycidyl Ethers
               ERISYS™ GE 20 Series – Aliphatic Diglycidyl Ethers
Monomers
and            ERISYS™ GE 30 Series – Aliphatic Triglycidyl Ethers
Modifiers
               ERISYS™ GE 60 – Sorbitol Polyglycidyl Ether
               ERISYS™ GS Series – Glycidyl Esters
               ERISYS™ GA Series – Glycidyl Amines
               Omicure™ U Series – Substituted Urea Accelerators
Catalysts
and            Omicure™ DDA Series – Dicyandiamide Accelerators
Accelerators
               Omicure™ B Series – Boron-based Catalysts


                               For more information on these products contact:
                               CVC Thermoset Specialties                                                                          Corporate Headquarters
                               844 N. Lenola Road                                                                                 Emerald Performance Materials, LLC
                               Moorestown, NJ 08057                                                                               2020 Front Street
                               800.296.0040 (CVC)                                                                                 Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221
                               856.533.3000 (CVC)                                                                                 330.916.6700
                               856.533.3003 (Fax - CVC)                                                                           330.916.6737 (Fax)
                               888.889.9150 (RLP)
                               330.374.2766 (Fax - RLP)                                                                           www.emeraldmaterials.com

                               www.cvc.emeraldmaterials.com



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thermoset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Specialties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                An Emerald Performance Materials Company
S U P P L Y I N G   S P E C I A L T Y   T H E R M O S E T S   W O R L D W I D E




Capabilities &                                                   Specialty Epoxy Resins

Product Selection Guide                                          Epoxy Functional
                                                                 Monomers and Modifiers

                                                                 Reactive Liquid Polymers

                                                                 Elastomer Modified
                                                                 Epoxy Resins

                                                                 Catalysts and Accelerators
      Specialty Thermosets




Table of Contents                                                  When your application requires high performance, turn to
                                                                   CVC Thermoset Specialties for resins, modifiers and additives.
Company Overview
                                                                   Automobile and aircraft frames, corrosion resistant pipes and valves, graphite golf club
and Technology ................................. 2-4
                                                                   shafts and tennis racquet frames, electronic laminates, jet skis and marine hulls are just
                                                                   a few of the applications that benefit from our products. The beneficial characteristics
CVC Thermoset Specialty                                            of our materials in modified thermoset formulations have led to a growing use of
Product Lines ...........................................5         adhesives to replace rivets, composites to cost effectively replace heavier steel and
                                                                   more durable, longer-lasting protective coatings.

Specialty Epoxy Resins.. ................ 6-9
                                                                   CVC Thermoset Specialties – A Company with a Legacy of Value, Product
                                                                   Leadership, Innovation, Service and Operational Excellence for the Benefit
Monomers & Modifiers ............10-12                             of our Customers.

Reactive Liquid Polymers .......13-14                              Our Legacy
                                                                   CVC Thermoset Specialties’ Reactive Liquid Polymer (RLP) products, a proprietary
Elastomer-Modified                                                 technology originally developed by BFGoodrich, enhance performance in a wide array
                                                                   of technically sophisticated end-uses around the world. The product family had been
Epoxy Resins. ..................................15-16
                                                                   sold for many decades under the Hycar® trade name by predecessor corporations –
                                                                   BFGoodrich, Noveon and Lubrizol. Following the formation of Emerald Performance
Catalysts & Accelerators. .........17-18                           Materials in 2006, the products were rebranded as Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers.
                                                                   Prior to becoming an EPM company in 2007, CVC Specialty Chemicals had been creating
Glossary..................................................... 19   and manufacturing specialty epoxy resins since 1982. Over the years, the company
                                                                   expanded its product offerings to coatings and adhesive formulators with the
                                                                   acquisition of the specialty epoxy resin line of CL Industries (Georgetown, IL) and
Global Distribution. ........Back Cover
                                                                   substituted urea accelerators from Omicron Chemical. Manufacturing and R&D
                                                                   capabilities were supplemented by the 1995 purchase and subsequent expansions
                                                                   of the Akzo Chemical plant in Maple Shade, NJ.
                                                                   From our automated, state-of-the-art, ISO-9001 certified operations in Maple Shade, NJ
                                                                   and Akron OH, we deliver proven high performance products to the most demanding
                                                                   applications world-wide.




      2
Together – Unique Chemistry Delivering Performance

Thermoset materials as epoxies represent a versatile chemistry useful in developing
high performance maintenance/marine coatings, adhesives, encapsulants, composites,
etc. CVC Thermoset Specialties provides suitable products to the epoxy technologist
enabling the formulation of such materials. EPALLOY™ specialty epoxy technologies
deliver improved performance over standard resins and include: Epoxidized Phenol
Novolacs, Resorcinol Modified Novolacs, Bis A Modified and Cycloaliphatic Epoxy
Resins.
HyPox™ elastomer modified epoxy and Hypro™ reactive liquid polymers are effectively
used to enhance toughness and/or flexibility of epoxy systems. Hypro reactive liquid
polymers are butadiene homopolymers and butadiene-acrylonitrile copolymers having
carboxyl (CT), amine (AT) and methacrylate (VT) functionalities to accommodate
several chemistries. HyPox resins are modified with Hypro reactive liquid polymers,
polyurethanes and dimer acid to achieve various degrees of viscosity, adhesion, flexibility
and toughness in formulated epoxy systems.
In addition to the reactive groups in both terminal positions of the polymer chain,
select grades also have pendent reactivity as well. The microstructure and formation of
rubbery domains in the thermoset resin matrix is key to delivering the significantly
enhanced toughening and flexibility required in many demanding end-uses.
Reactive diluents are monomers used in epoxy formulations for viscosity reduction and
handling/processing purposes. ERISYS™ monomers and modifiers are used in thermoset
formulations to reduce viscosity and improve handling, processing, and application
properties of formulations. They also enhance features, such as flexibility and
toughness, and maintain chemical resistance and UV stability. ERISYS modifiers and
monomers are offered in a broad range of products from mono-epoxy functional to
multi-epoxy functional materials. Chemistries include Aromatic & Aliphatic Glycidyl
Ethers, Glycidyl Amines and Glycidyl Esters.
Accelerating cure speed and/or reducing cure temperature are important to optimize
productivity, energy use, and ultimate mechanical properties. We offer OMICURE™
Dicyandiamide and boron-based catalysts for latent, one-component heat cured
epoxy systems. Substituted urea catalysts help to accelerate the cure speed and reduce
cure temperatures of Dicyandiamide cured formulations and help to optimize
productivity, energy use, and ultimate physical properties.




                                                                                              3
Delivering
Innovative Solutions.




                        A company that delivers innovative solutions

                        CVC’s specialty raw materials are used by formulators everywhere as critical
                        building blocks for applications in coatings, adhesives and composites, civil
                        engineering and electronics. With strong technical support and a diverse
                        experience base, CVC can bring innovative products and technology to
                        solve even the most demanding application. Whether you need to develop
                        a 100% solids coating to eliminate solvents and meet new air emissions
                        standards, or a high-build lining to withstand 98% sulfuric acid, CVC has
                        proven products that will work first time, every time. From repair of
                        architectural structures to storage-stable, one-component automotive
                        assembly adhesives and reinforcing systems, CVC products meet your
                        most demanding needs.

                        Emerald Performance Materials
                        EPM produces a broad portfolio of additives and polymers used in diverse
                        consumer and industrial products around the world. Its products play a
                        variety of roles in the products that are consumed and used every day
                        enabling them to last longer, look, smell, taste or perform better.
                        For more information, visit www.emeraldmaterials.com




4
CVC Thermoset Specialty                                                                                                           Coatings                                                                                                                                                              Adhesives & Sealants                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Composites
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Polymer                                            Electrical /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Modification                                        Electronic
Product Lines




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Wind Energy – Infusion, Hand Layup, Tooling and Adhesives
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Injection Molded Structural and Pumpable Pastes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Topcoat – Automotive Refinish and UV Stable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Civil Engineering – Floor Joints, Anchor Bolt
                                                                                                                                                                                                Cross-linkers – Overprint Varnish and Other




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Filament Winding – Pipes/Valves/Tanks


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Aerospace and Recreational Prepregs
                                                                           Primers – Automotive and Aerospace




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Resin Infusion – Industrial and Wind
                                                                                                                                  Flooring and Concrete Coatings




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Tooling and Stereolithography
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mastics and Sound Deadening




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Insulating Varnish – Dip & VPI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure Sensitive Adhesives
                                                                                                                                                                   Industrial and Maintenance




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             PVC Plastisol Modification
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Syntatic Foam Insulation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SMC & BMC Modification




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Potting/Encapsulation


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Printed Circuit Boards
                                                                                                                Powder Coatings




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Film Adhesives




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Vinyl Ester
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pultrusion
               Product Line
               Hypro™ CT Series RLP
               Hypro™ AT Series RLP
Reactive
Liquid         Hypro™ VT Series RLP
Polymers
               Hypro™ ET Series RLP
               Hypro™ LV Series RLP
               EPALLOY™ 8000 Series – Unmodified Phenol Novolac Resins

Specialty      ERISYS™ RN Series – Resorcinol Modified Novolacs
Epoxy          EPALLOY™ 7100 Series – Bis A Modified Novolacs Resins
Resins         & Blends
               EPALLOY™ 5000 Series – Hydrogenated Bis A Resins
               HyPox™ D-Series Dimer Acid Modified Epoxy Resins
Elastomer
Modified       HyPox™ R-Series CT Modified Epoxy Resins
Resins
               HyPox™ U-Series Urethane Modified Epoxy Resins
               ERISYS™ GE 5,6,7 and 8 Series – Aliphatic Glycidyl Ethers
               ERISYS™ GE 10 Series – Aromatic Monoglycidyl Ethers
               ERISYS™ GE 20 Series – Aliphatic Diglycidyl Ethers
Monomers
and            ERISYS™ GE 30 Series – Aliphatic Triglycidyl Ethers
Modifiers
               ERISYS™ GE 60 – Sorbitol Polyglycidyl Ether
               ERISYS™ GS Series – Glycidyl Esters
               ERISYS™ GA Series – Glycidyl Amines
               Omicure™ U Series – Substituted Urea Accelerators
Catalysts
and            Omicure™ DDA Series – Dicyandiamide Accelerators
Accelerators
               Omicure™ B Series – Boron-based Catalysts



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5
EPALLOY™ Specialty Epoxy Resins
Improved chemical resistance, thermal performance, modulus, cure speed and UV stability are just a few of the performance
advantages with EPALLOY™ Specialty Epoxy Resins and blends over other standard resins. These products bring the critical
difference to high performance coatings, composites and adhesives applications. Technologies and product lines include:
 Unmodified Phenol Novolac Epoxy Resins (EPALLOY™ 8000 Series)
 Resorcinol and Resorcinol Modified Novolac Epoxy Resins (ERISYS™ RDGE & RN Series)
 Bis A Modified Novolac Epoxy Resins (EPALLOY™ 7100 Series)
 Cycloaliphatic Epoxy Resins (EPALLOY™ 5000 Series)



Unmodified Phenol Novolac Epoxy Resins
                                                      Average                                                      Gardner
                                                                       Viscosity at           EEW,      HCC, max
                                     Product Name      Epoxy                                                        Color,                       Description / Use
                                                                        25°C, cps             g/eq         %
                                                    Functionality                                                   max
                                                                                                                             Lowest viscosity Bis F resin. Near monomeric product for
                                   EPALLOY 8220         2.05          1,800 - 2,800         164 - 176     0.10       2
    Epoxy Resin
    Bisphenol F




                                                                                                                             blends to prevent crystallization in Bis A resins.
                                                                                                                             Standard low viscosity non-crystallizing resin for excellent
                                   EPALLOY 8230         2.15          3,500 - 4,700         164 - 176     0.10       3       100% solids coatings and composite applications.
                                                                                                                             Resistant to 98% sulphuric acid and strong polar solvents.
                                                                                                                             Lowest viscosity unmodified epoxy novolac available.
                                                                                                                             Lower in viscosity than standard Bis A resin.
                                   EPALLOY 8240         2.35          6,000 - 7,100         164 - 176     0.10       3
                                                                                                                             EPALLOY 8240 is preferred for secondary containment tank
                                                                                                                             linings and industrial flooring.
                                                                                                                             Mid-range functionality epoxy novolac with viscosity only
      Epoxy Phenol Novolac Resin




                                                                                                                             slightly higher than standard Bis A resin. For high temper-
                                   EPALLOY 8250         2.60        18,000 - 28,000         165 - 178     0.10       3
                                                                                                                             ature, highly corrosive applications. Preferred replacement
                                                                                                                             for novolac based vinyl esters.
                                                                                                                             Mid-range functionality for improved Tg and
                                   EPALLOY 8280         2.8          1,100-1,700(1)         172 - 179     0.15       2
                                                                                                                             corrosion resistance.
                                                                                                                             Standard epoxy novolac for highest chemical resistance
                                   EPALLOY 8330         3.60        20,000 - 30,000(1)      171 - 183     0.10       3
                                                                                                                             and Tg.
                                   EPALLOY 8350         3.60        30,000 - 50,000   (1)
                                                                                            175 - 184     0.10       3       Higher viscosity equivalent to 8330.
                                   EPALLOY 8370         3.90        15,000 - 25,000(2)      205 - 212     0.10       3       Highest functionality epoxy phenol novolac resin.
                                                                                                                             High functionality, low melt viscosity resin for high
                                   EPALLOY 9000         3.0          5,500-6,500(2)         160 - 180     0.4        2       temperature applications and Tg modification of other
                                                                                                                             epoxy resins.
(1) @ 52°C
(2) @ 72°C
Low HCC Bis F and novolac products are available for some materials above as made to order products.




6
EPALLOY™ Specialty Epoxy Resins (cont.)
Resorcinol Epoxy Resins

                                                     Average                                               Gardner
                                                                    Viscosity at      EEW,      HCC, max
                                   Product Name       Epoxy                                                 Color,                         Description / Use
                                                                     25°C, cps        g/eq         %
                                                   Functionality                                            max
                                                                                                                     Very low viscosity, high reactivity epoxy resin. Modifying resin
     Epoxy Resin




                                 ERISYS RDGE            2.0          300 - 500      120 - 135     0.10       2
      Resorcinol




                                                                                                                     for novolacs in corrosion resistant coatings and composites.
                                                                                                                     Highest purity, lowest viscosity epoxidized resorcinol resin.
                                 ERISYS RDGE/H          2.0          200 - 325      115 - 122     0.10       2
                                                                                                                     Best stability in one component systems.



Resorcinol Modified Phenol Novolac Epoxy Resins
                                                     Average                                               Gardner
                                                                    Viscosity at      EEW,      HCC, max
                                   Product Name       Epoxy                                                 Color,                         Description / Use
                                                                     25°C, cps        g/eq         %
                                                   Functionality                                            max
                                                                                                                     Non-crystallizing lowest viscosity resorcinol/ phenol
    Resorcinol Epoxy Resin




                                 ERISYS RF50           2.0          700 - 1,400     140 - 155     0.15        2
                                                                                                                     novolac epoxy resin.
      Novolac Modified




                                                                                                                     Non-crystallizing medium viscosity resorcinol/phenol novolac
                                 ERISYS RN25           2.4         5,000 - 6,500    152 - 165     0.10        5
                                                                                                                     epoxy resin.
                                                                                                                     Highest functionality resorcinol modified phenol novolac epoxy
                                 ERISYS RN3650         2.8         7,000 - 9,000    141 - 156     0.10        3
                                                                                                                     resin. Maximum chemical resistance and Tg.



Bisphenol A Modified Phenol Novolac Epoxy Resins
                                                     Average                                               Gardner
                                                                    Viscosity at      EEW,      HCC, max
                                   Product Name       Epoxy                                                 Color,                         Description / Use
                                                                     25°C, cps        g/eq         %
                                                   Functionality                                            max
                                                                                                                     Low viscosity non-crystallizing novolac modified Bis A Epoxy
Bisphenol F Modified Bisphenol
             Epoxy Novolac

              A Epoxy Resin




                                 EPALLOY 7138          2.0         5,500 - 7,500    175 - 185     0.10       1       Resin. Excellent replacement for high purity Bis A resins in
                                                                                                                     filament winding applications.

                                 EPALLOY 7170          2.05        7,000 - 10,000   177 - 187     0.10       2       Non-crystallizing Bis A/F resin. 30% epoxidized Bis F content.
Epoxy Resin
 Modified




                                                                                                                     Non-crystallizing Bis A modified Bis F epoxy resin. Highest Bis
                                 EPALLOY 9237-70       2.10        5,000 - 7,000    170 - 181     0.10       4
                                                                                                                     F content and highest Tg in this class.




                                                                                                                                                                                      7
EPALLOY™ Specialty Epoxy Resins (cont.)
Bisphenol A Epoxy Resin & Blends

                                                                                                Gardner
                                                       Viscosity at        EEW,      HCC, max
                      Product Name                                                               Color,                               Description / Use
                                                        25°C, cps          g/eq         %
                                                                                                 max
 UNMODIFIED

                  EPALLOY 7190                     11,000 - 15,000       182 - 192     0.1         2      Industry standard Liquid Epoxy Resin (LER)
 Epoxy Resin
 Bisphenol A
  Undiluted




                                                                                                          Undiluted high molecular weight semi-solid Bisphenol A epoxy resin
                  EPALLOY 7192                           O - V (1)       230 - 280     0.1         3
                                                                                                          well suited for tough, durable formulations with improved adhesion.

 MODIFIED
 Epoxy Resin
 Bisphenol A
  Modified




                                                                                                          Epoxy of BPA derivatives to provide for faster cure for all
                  EPALLOY 7200                        2,000 - 4,000(2)   195 - 215     0.5         2
                                                                                                          temperatures. Eliminates blushing in slower curing epoxies.


 HYDROGENATED
                                                                                                          UV Resistant, lower viscosity alternative to Standard Bis A resin.
                  EPALLOY 5000                        1,300 - 2,500      210 - 230     0.2       100(3)   Applications include weatherable coatings as replacement to urethane
 Hydrogenated

  Epoxy Resin
  Bisphenol A




                                                                                                          coatings. Excellent adhesion to metal.

                                                                                                          Faster cure version of Epalloy 5000 through increased epoxy
                  EPALLOY 5001                        2,000 - 4,500      190 - 210     0.3         3
                                                                                                          functionality. (Functionality = 2.4) Ideal for weatherable coatings.
 Cycloaliphatic
    Glycidyl
     Ester




                  EPALLOY 5200                          700 - 900        160 - 180     0.4       100(3)   Electrical insulation.


 DILUTED
                  EPALLOY 7190 A83                      500 - 700        185 - 198     0.1         2      LER diluted with 17% Erisys GE-6
 Epoxy Resin
 Bisphenol A




                  EPALLOY 7190 G76                      500 - 800        179 - 193     0.1         2      LER diluted with 24% Erisys GE-10
   Diluted




                  EPALLOY 7190 J82                      500 - 700        197 - 207     0.1         2      LER diluted with 18% Erisys GE-8

                  EPALLOY 7190 N75                      500 - 800        163 - 175     0.1         2      LER diluted with 25% Erisys GE-20
 Other modifiers and/or resin blends available on special order.
(1) Gardner-Holdt Viscosity - 70% in Butyl Carbitol
(2) at 52°C
(3) APHA Color



8
EPALLOY™ Specialty Epoxy Resins (cont.)
Resin Solutions

                                                                                               EEW                   Gardner
                                                                             Viscosity at                 HCC, max
                              Product Name              NV%                                  on Solids,               Color,                    Description / Use
                                                                              25°C, cps                      %
                                                                                               g/eq                   max
 EPALLOY 7200 SOLUTIONS
   Epoxy Resin Solutions
   Modified Bisphenol A




                                                                                                                               Modifying resin for high solids primers with fast
                           EPALLOY 7200MIBK90         89 - 91                3,000 - 8,000   195 - 215      0.5        2
                                                                                                                               tack free time.


                                                                                                                               Modifying resin for high solids primers with fast
                           EPALLOY 7200X90            89 - 91                3,500 - 7,500   195 - 215      0.5        2
                                                                                                                               tack free time.

 EPALLOY 8330 SOLUTIONS Solutions of high functionality epoxy novolacs in solvents for film coatings.
                           EPALLOY 8330 A85           84 - 86                500 - 1,200     171 - 183      0.10       3       A85 – 85% in Acetone
 Epoxy Phenol

   Solutions
    Novolac




                           EPALLOY 8330 MAK80         79 - 81                800 - 1,300     171 - 183      0.10       3       MAK 80 – 80% in Methyl n-Amyl Ketone

                           EPALLOY 8330 MEK85         84 - 86                800 - 1,400     171 - 183      0.10       3       MEK 85 – 85% in Methyl Ethyl Ketone
 EPALLOY 8350 SOLUTIONS
   Epoxidized Phenol
   Novolac Solutions




                           EPALLOY 8350 X80           79 - 81                1,200 - 3,000   175 - 184      0.1        3       80% solids in Xylene



 EPALLOY 8370 SOLUTIONS
   Epoxidized Phenol
   Novolac Solutions




                           EPALLOY 8370 A85           84 - 86                5,000 - 7,000   205 - 212      —          3       85% solids in Acetone



Other resin solutions are available upon request on a made-to-order basis.




                                                                                                                                                                                   9
ERISYS™                Epoxy Functional Monomers & Modifiers
ERISYS™ GE Series glycidyl ether monomers and modifiers are low               ERISYS™ GE 5, 6, 7 and 8 Series - Aliphatic Monoglycidyl Ethers
molecular weight epoxy functional products based on alcohols,                 ERISYS™ GE 10 Series - Aromatic Monoglycidyl Ethers
glycols and phenols. The product line covers a broad range of TSCA            ERISYS™ GE 20 Series - Aliphatic Diglycidyl Ethers
approved monomers from mono-epoxy functional to multi-epoxy
                                                                              ERISYS™ GE 30 Series - Aliphatic Triglycidyl Ethers
functional materials. Classified at right.
                                                                              ERISYS™ GS Series - Glycidyl Esters
                                                                              ERISYS™ GA Series - Glycidyl Amines
Mono-Epoxy Functional- Glycidyl Ethers
                                    Viscosity              Specific                APHA     Flash
                                                 EEW,                    HCC,
                     Product Name   at 25°C,               Gravity                 Color,   Point                     Description / Use
                                                 g/eq                   max %
                                       cps                 at 25°C                 max        °F

                 ERISYS GE-4D        2 max      130-135   0.90 - 0.92   0.20         30      >114   Distilled t-Butyl Glycidyl Ether.

                                                                                                    n-Butyl Glycidyl Ether. Most efficient epoxy
                 ERISYS GE-5         2 max      145-155   0.91 - 0.92   0.10        100      >129
                                                                                                    functional diluent available.
                                                                                                    Distilled n-Butyl Glycidyl Ether.
                 ERISYS GE-5D        2 max      130-135   0.91 - 0.92   0.10         50      >129
                                                                                                    Distilled grade of Erisys GE-5.
     Aliphatic




                                                                                                    2-Ethylhexyl Glycidyl Ether. Excellent replacement
                 ERISYS GE-6          1-4       205-235   0.90 - 0.93   0.10        100      197
                                                                                                    for BGE as a low viscosity reactive diluent.
                                                                                                    C8-C10 Aliphatic Glycidyl Ether. Natural alcohol
                                                                                                    based. Equivalent to Epoxide 7TM. Used for high
                 ERISYS GE-7          1-6       220-235   0.89 - 0.91   0.05        100     >200
                                                                                                    solids coatings, tooling and civil engineering
                                                                                                    applications.
                                                                                                    C12-C14 Aliphatic Glycidyl Ether. Natural alcohol
                 ERISYS GE-8         5 - 10     275-300   0.88 - 0.90   0.05        100      >200   based. Equivalent to Epoxide 8TM. Used in flooring,
                                                                                                    aggregate bonding and adhesives.
                                                                                                    O-Cresyl Glycidyl Ether. Viscosity modifier for
                 ERISYS GE-10        5 - 10     170-195   1.07 - 1.09   0.10        1(1)     >250   construction, flooring and casting. Excellent
                                                                                                    moisture tolerance.
                                                                                                    P-tertiary Butyl Phenyl Glycidyl Ether. Modifier for
                                                                                                    Bisphenol A resins to eliminate crystallization.
                 ERISYS GE-11       20 - 30     215-240   1.01 - 1.03   0.10        1(1)     >250
                                                                                                    Good electrical properties. Easier to handle vs.
     Aromatic




                                                                                                    GE-10 or GE-13.
                                                                                                    Nonyl Phenyl Glycidyl Ether. Excellent
                 ERISYS GE-12       100 - 140 300-325     0.97 - 1.00   0.15        2(1)     482    compatibilizer for aliphatic curing agents. Reduced
                                                                                                    induction time with non-reactive modifier.
                                                                                                    Phenyl Glycidyl Ether. Lowest viscosity aromatic
                 ERISYS GE-13         4-7       150-165   1.10 - 1.13   0.10        2(1)     237    modifier. Excellent for electrical applications and
                                                                                                    for preparing resin/curing agent adducts.
(1) Gardner Color


10
ERISYS™ Epoxy Functional Monomers & Modifiers (cont.)
Multi-Epoxy Functional- Glycidyl Ethers

                                                               Viscosity                Specific             APHA     Flash
                                                                             EEW,                     HCC,
                                                Product Name   at 25°C,                 Gravity              Color,   Point                    Description / Use
                                                                             g/eq                    max %
                                                                  cps                   at 25°C              max        °F
                                                                                                                              Neopentyl Glycol Diglycidyl Ether. Aliphatic
                                            ERISYS GE-20       10 - 18     125 - 137   1.05 - 1.07   0.10    100      >230    difunctional modifier for filament winding,
                                                                                                                              coatings and electrical applications.
                                                                                                                              1,4 Butanediol Diglycidyl Ether. Aliphatic
                                            ERISYS GE-21       10 - 18     120 - 130   1.09 - 1.11   0.10    100      >230    difunctional modifier for improved flexibility over
                                                                                                                              GE-20 at comparable viscosity.
                                                                                                                              Cyclohexanedimethanol Diglycidyl Ether.
                                                                                                                              Cycloaliphatic difunctional modifier with
                                            ERISYS GE-22       45 - 75     145 - 165   1.07 - 1.09   0.10    100      >230
                                                                                                                              outstanding weatherability. Excellent for machinery
                                                                                                                              grouts and adhesives.
     Aliphatic Diglycidyl Ether Modifiers




                                                                                                                              Dipropylene Glycol DGE. Standard grade for
                                                                                                                              higher tensile elongation and flexibility. GE23LV
                                            ERISYS GE-23       30 - 60     175 - 205   1.13 - 1.15   0.10    100      >300
                                                                                                                              is a lower viscosity and lower chloride version
                                                                                                                              of GE-23.
                                                                                                                              Polypropylene Glycol DGE. Diepoxide of an
                                                                                                                              aliphatic polyglycol used as a diluent and/or
                                            ERISYS GE-24       60 - 70     310 - 330   1.05 - 1.07   0.10     60      >300
                                                                                                                              flexibilizer in high viscosity, brittle epoxy
                                                                                                                              formulations.

                                                                                                                              1,6 Hexanediol Diglycidyl Ether.
                                            ERISYS GE-25       15 - 23     143 - 156   1.06 - 1.08   0.05    100      300
                                                                                                                              Alphatic difunctional epoxy reactive diluent.

                                                                                                                              Dibromo Neopentyl Glycol Diglycidyl Ether.
                                                                275 -                                                         High bromine containing, low viscosity,
                                            ERISYS GE-29                   250 - 300   1.46 - 1.51   0.50     5(1)
                                                                                                                      >230
                                                                 500                                                          difunctional epoxy for flame retardant adhesives
                                                                                                                              and encapsulants.

                                                                                                                              Ethylene Glycol Digylcidyl Ether. Used as a
                                            ERISYS EGDGE       13 - 30     116 - 132   1.14 - 1.16    —      100      >266
                                                                                                                              crosslinker for acid functional acrylic polymers.

(1) Gardner Color




                                                                                                                                                                                  11
ERISYS™ Epoxy Functional Monomers & Modifiers (cont.)
Multi-Epoxy Functional- Glycidyl Ethers
                                                               Viscosity                Specific             APHA     Flash
                                                                              EEW,                    HCC,
                                                Product Name   at 25°C,                 Gravity              Color,   Point                       Description / Use
                                                                              g/eq                   max %
                                                                  cps                   at 25°C              max        °F
                                                                                                                              Trimethylolpropane Triglycidyl Ether.
                                              ERISYS GE-30     100 - 200   135 - 150   1.14 - 1.16   0.10    100      >200    Low viscosity, high functional epoxy modifier. Excellent
                                                                                                                              for 100% solids, adhesives and coatings.
                                                                                                                              Trimethylolethane Triglycidyl Ether. Low viscosity high
      Aliphatic Triglycidyl Ether Modifiers




                                              ERISYS GE-31     200 - 300   150 - 170   1.19 - 1.21   0.10     4(1)    >200    functional epoxy modifier. Use to increase crosslink
                                                                                                                              density and enhance chemical resistance.
                                                                                                                              Castor Oil Triglycidyl Ether. Low viscosity trifunctional
                                              ERISYS GE-35     300 - 500   550 - 650   1.01 - 1.03    —       8(1)    >200    flexibilizer. Provides increased impact and thermal shock
                                                                                                                              resistance to epoxy formulations. Low moisture pick-up.
                                              ERISYS GE-35H    300 - 500   550 - 650   1.01 - 1.08    —       8(1)    >200    Castor Oil Glycidyl Ether. Lower modulus version of GE-35.
                                                                                                                              Propoxylated Glycerin Triglycidyl Ether.
                                              ERISYS GE-36     200 - 320   620 - 680   1.02 - 1.04   0.10     2(1)    >200    Aliphatic trifunctional flexibilizer. Used in severe
                                                                                                                              thermal cycling conditions.

                                                                1,070 -
                                              ERISYS GE-38                 160 - 180   1.21 - 1.25   0.70     3(1)    200     Polyglycerol-3-Polyglycidyl Ether. Flexible epoxy.
                                                                 1,390
   Polyfunctional-




                                                                                                                              Sorbitol Polyglycidyl Ether. Aliphatic polyfunctional
      diglycidyl




                                                                8,000 -                                                       modifier to impart higher reactivity and crosslink density
                                              ERISYS GE-60                 160 - 195   1.27 - 1.30   0.50     2(1)    >320
                                                                18,000                                                        to epoxy resin formulations and crosslink acid
                                                                                                                              functional polymers.
(1) Gardner Color

Multi-Epoxy Functional- Glycidyl Esters / Amine
                                                               Viscosity                Specific             APHA     Flash
                                                                             EEW,                     HCC,
                                               Product Name    at 25°C,                 Gravity              Color,   Point                        Description / Use
                                                                             g/eq                    max %
                                                                  cps                   at 25°C              max        °F
                                                                                                                              Glycidyl Ester of Neodecanoic Acid. Efficient and
                                              ERISYS GS-110      5 -15     238 - 256   0.95 - 0.97    0.30     50     >250
                                                                                                                              economical diluent for viscosity reduction.
   Amine Modifiers
    Glycidyl Ester/




                                                                                                                              Glycidyl Ester of Dimer Acid. Flexibilizing modifier for
                                              ERISYS GS-120    400 - 900   390 - 470   0.97 - 1.00    2.0      9(1)   >200
                                                                                                                              rigid epoxy resin systems.
                                                                                                                              Epoxidized meta Xylylenediamine. Low viscosity
                                                                1,600 -
                                              ERISYS GA-240                95 - 110    1.14 - 1.16    0.3      5(1)   >420    tetrafunctional resin will increase crosslink density
                                                                 3,000
                                                                                                                              of modified systems.
(1) Gardner Color



12
Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers

Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers (RLP) feature carboxyl, amine and methacrylate vinyl reactive functional groups. The letter
designations below are the key to the RLP product nomenclature. Hypro polymers are 3,000-4,000 molecular weight liquids that
vary in acrylonitrile and butadiene content. Acrylonitrile will increase resin compatibility, viscosity and raise Tg. Reactive liquid
polymers are used as co-reactants in thermoset systems. At low levels they function as tougheners, improving impact resistance
and peel strength while maintaining mechanical and thermal properties. At higher levels they provide high elastomeric properties
to thermoset materials.
End Group                                                 Back Bone
   C Carboxyl                                               T Terminal Reactive Groups
   A Amine                                                  B Butadiene
   E Epoxy                                                  N Acrylonitrile
   V Methacrylate Vinyl                                     X Pendent Reactive Groups




Carboxyl Terminated Butadiene (CTB) and Butadiene-Acrylonitrile (CTBN) Polymers
                                                                   Hypro                 Hypro                   Hypro           Hypro             Hypro          Hypro
                   Hypro™ Polymers
                                                               2000X162 CTB          1300X31 CTBN             1300X8 CTBN   1300X13 (1) CTBN   1300X9 CTBNX   1300X18 CTBNX

Acrylonitrile Content, %                                               0                    10                    18              26               18             21.5
Carboxyl Content Acid Number          (2)
                                                                       25                   28                    29              32               38              39
EPHR*                                                                0.045                0.050                  0.052           0.057            0.067           0.070
Brookfield Viscosity, mPa•s or cP @27°C (81°F)                      60,000                60,000                135,000         500,000          160,000         350,000
Specific Gravity, 25°C (77°F)                                        0.907                0.924                  0.948           0.960            0.955           0.961
Functionality                                                         1.9                   1.9                   1.8             1.8              2.4             2.4
Molecular Weight, Mn                                                 4,200                3,800                  3,550           3,150            3,600           3,400
Glass Transition Temperature (Tg, °C)**                               -77                   -66                   -52             -39              -52             -46

(1) Low sodium 1300X13NA CTBN and low chloride 1300X13CL CTBN versions of this material are also available.
(2) Acid Number = mg,KOH/gram
*Equivalents per hundred rubber
**Measured via DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimeter)




                                                                                                                                                                           13
Hypro™ Reactive Liquid Polymers (cont.)
Amine Terminated Butadiene-Acrylonitrile Polymers
                                                                        Hypro                 Hypro                  Hypro                 Hypro                  Hypro                 Hypro
                      Hypro™ Polymers                                 2000X173               1300X21                1300X16               1300X45                1300X35               1300X42
                                                                         ATB                  ATBN                   ATBN                  ATBN                   ATBN                  ATBN
 Acrylonitrile Content, %                                                  0                     10                    18                     18                    26                     18
 Amine Equivalent Weight*                                                 950                  1,200                   900                  1,850                  700                    450
 Amine Value                                                               59                    47                    62                     30                    80                    125
 Brookfield Viscosity, mPa•s or cP @27°C (81°F)                        180,000                180,000               200,000               375,000                500,000               100,000
 Specific Gravity, 25°C (77°F)                                            —                    0.938                 0.956                    —                   0.978                  0.942
 Glass Transition Temperature (Tg, °C)**                                  —                     -65                    -51                    —                     -38                   -59
 Free Amine Levels, %                                                      4                      2                     5                    <0.1                    7                     10
* For secondary amine terminated polymers, AEW value may be used as Weight per Active Hydrogen whereas Hypro 1300X42 ATBN’s, a primary amine terminated material, Weight per Active Hydrogen is AEW/2
** Measured via DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimeter)



Methacrylate Vinyl Terminated Butadiene-Acrylonitrile Polymers
                                                                        Hypro                   Hypro                     Hypro
                     Hypro™ Polymers                                  2000X168                 1300X33                   1300X43
                                                                         VTB                    VTBNX                     VTBNX
 Brookfield Viscosity, mPa•s or cP @27°C (81°F)                        100,000                  250,000                  425,000
 Acid Number                                                          2.3 (avg)                 5 (max)                  5 (max)
 Specific Gravity, 25°C (77°F)                                          0.929                    0.967                      0.981
 Glass Transition Temperature (Tg, °C)*                                  -80                       -49                       -45
 Acrylonitrile %                                                           0                       18                        21.5
                                                                                                                                                     SEM photomicrograph of CTBN
* Measured via DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimeter)                                                                                               toughened epoxy, illustrating
                                                                                                                                                     rubbery domains within a continuous
Epoxy Terminated Butadiene and Butadiene-Acrylonitrile Polymers                                                                                      epoxy matrix.
Bisphenol A Free Glycidyl Esters
                                                                       Hypro                    Hypro                    Hypro
                     Hypro™ Polymers
                                                                   2000X174 ETB             1300X68 ETBN             1300X63 ETBN
 Acrylonitrile Content, %                                                  0                       18                        26
 Brookfield Viscosity, mPa•s or cP @27°C (81°F)                   40,000 - 80,000        135,000 - 250,000 500,000 - 800,000
 Glass Transition Temperature (Tg, °C)*                                  -77                      -52                        -39
 EEW, g/eq.                                                        2,200 - 2,700            2,300 - 2,800            1,900 - 2,300
* Measured via DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimeter)
                                                                                                                                                     Reactive liquid polymers used
                                                                                                                                                     in film adhesives for improved
Bisphenol A Terminated                                                                                                                               peel strength.
                                                                       Hypro
                      Hypro™ Polymer
                                                                   1300X40 ETBN
 Brookfield Viscosity, mPa•s or cP @27°C (81°F)                         1,450
 Total Solids, %                                                          50
 Acid Number                                                          1.5 (max)
 Specific Gravity, 25°C (77°F)                                          0.945




14
HyPox™ Elastomer Modified Epoxy Resins
Elastomer modification to epoxy resins is a valuable way to merge                     These are grouped under the series designation:
the benefits of alternate polymer chemistry with the convenience of
                                                                                       D Series - Dimer Acid Modified Epoxy Resins
conventional 1 or 2 part epoxy handling and performance. Currently,
CVC offers CTBN modification for toughening and chip resistance,                       U Series - Urethane Modified Epoxy Resins
Dimer Acid modification for flexibility and Urethane modification for                  R Series - CTBN Modified Resins
adhesion to difficult surfaces.                                                       Each resin system is further divided by resin base:
                                                                                      “A” for Bisphenol A, “F” for Novolacs and “M” for Glycols


Dimer Acid Modified Epoxies
                                            Elastomer         Viscosity        EEW,      Gardner Color,   Acid No.,
                         Product Name                                                                                           Description / Use
                                            Content %        at 52°C, cps      g/eq          max            max
 Dimer Acid Modified                                                                                                  Bisphenol A modified Dimer Acid for
                         HyPox DA323            40         40,000 - 60,000 600 - 725          12            0.1
    Epoxy Resin                                                                                                       improved flexibility.



Urethane Modified Epoxies
                                        Elastomer         Viscosity           EEW,      Gardner Color,    Acid No.,
                        Product Name                                                                                            Description / Use
                                        Content %        at 25°C, cps         g/eq          max             max
                                                                                                                      Improved adhesion to vinyl and other
                       HyPox UA10          12        500,000 - 800,000      210 - 220         2              —
  Urethane Modified                                                                                                   elastomers.
     Epoxy Resin                                                                                                      Improved adhesion to vinyl and other
                       HyPox UA11          5            25,000 - 45,000     210 - 220         2              —
                                                                                                                      elastomers.




                                                                                                                                                         15
Compact tension specimens exemplify toughening. Stress whitening is
seen in the sample with HyPox™ indicative of a toughened system.
The sample without HyPox does not demonstrate any stress whitening,
thus is quite brittle.




HyPox™ Elastomer Modified Epoxy Resins (cont.)
CTBN Modified Epoxies
                                               Elastomer    Viscosity                  Gardner   Acid
                                                                             EEW,
                               Product Name     Content        at                       Color,   No.,                                Description / Use
                                                                             g/eq
                                                   %        25°C, cps                   max      max
                                                                                                        Very High Acrylonitrile Containing Solid Elastomer Modified Bisphenol A
                                                             15,000 -
                              HyPox RA 95        5-7                       195 - 210     4       0.2    Epoxy Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener and tackifier for adhesive and
                                                             30,000(1)                                  composite applications.
                                                                                                        Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer Modified Bisphenol A Epoxy
       Bisphenol A Modified




                                                            150,000 -
                              HyPox RA 840        40                       325 - 360     10      0.1    Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase toughness, impact
                                                             230,000
                                                                                                        resistance, and peel adhesion in liquid Bisphenol A type systems.
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer Modified Bisphenol A
                                                            300,000 -                                   Epoxy Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase toughness, impact
                              HyPox RA 1340       40                       325 - 375     10      0.1
                                                             600,000                                    resistance, and peel adhesion in liquid Bisphenol A type systems. Shows
                                                                                                        improved compatibility vs. RA 840.
                                                                                                        Combining Hypro’s 2000X162 CTB and 1300X13 CTBN make 16213 a
                                                            180,000 -
                              HyPox RA 16213      29                       245 - 285     —        5     unique epoxy adduct with superior low temperature (-40°C) properties to
                                                             300,000                                    HyPox RA 840 in dicyandiamide cured epoxy adhesives.
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer Modified Epoxy Phenol
                                                             25,000 -                                   Novolac Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase toughness,
                              HyPox RF 1320       20                       210 - 220     6       0.1
                                                              50,000                                    impact resistance, and peel adhesion in low viscosity epoxy phenol
                                                                                                        novolac resin systems.
       Bisphenol F Modified




                                                            150,000 -                                   Higher Rubber Content Version of HyPox RF 1320. Higher rubber content
                              HyPox RF 1341       40                       285 - 330     —       0.2
                                                             300,000                                    allows for lower dosing levels vs. HyPox RF 1320.
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer with Higher Functionality
                                                             35,000 -                                   Epoxy Phenol Novolac Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase
                              HyPox RF 928        20                       210 - 225     10      0.1
                                                              75,000                                    toughness, impact resistance, and peel adhesion in medium viscosity,
                                                                                                        higher Tg, epoxy phenol novolac resin systems.
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer with Highest Functionality
                                                            120,000 -                                   Epoxy Phenol Novolac Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase
                              HyPox RF 933        20                       212 - 231     10      0.1
                                                             180,000                                    toughness, impact resistance, and peel adhesion in higher viscosity,
                                                                                                        highest Tg, epoxy phenol novolac resin systems.
                                                                                                        Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer Modified Low Viscosity
                                                                                                        Difunctional Epoxy Monomer. Useful as a lower viscosity reactive
                              HyPox RM 20         50       4,000 - 8,000 275 - 305       10      0.1
       Glycol Modified




                                                                                                        toughener to increase toughness, impact resistance, and peel adhesion
                                                                                                        in epoxy resin systems.
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Liquid Elastomer Modified Low Viscosity
                                                             15,000 -                                   Difunctional Epoxy Monomer. Useful as a lower viscosity reactive
                              HyPox RM 22         50                       320 - 360     10      0.1
                                                              25,000                                    toughener to increase toughness, impact resistance, and peel adhesion
                                                                                                        in epoxy resin systems.
                                                           Ring and Ball
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Elastomer Modified Solid Bisphenol A Epoxy
                                                             Softening      1200 -
   Solid Bisphenol A




                              HyPox RK 84         32                                   Amber     —      Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase applications for structural
                                                               Point         1800                       reinforcement in solid Bisphenol A resin systems.
        Modified




                                                            85 - 105°C
                                                                                                        High Acrylonitrile Containing Elastomer Modified Solid Bisphenol A Epoxy
                                                           300 - 500 @      1250 -               —      Resin. Useful as a reactive toughener to increase applications for structural
                              HyPox RK 84L        32                                   Amber
                                                             100°C(2)        1500                       reinforcement in solid Bisphenol A resin systems. Made to a different
                                                                                                        viscosity specification as compared to HyPox RK 84.
(1) @ 52°C
(2) Bohlin Viscosity (Pa•s)

16
OMICURE™ Catalysts and Accelerators
Accelerating the cure speed or lowering the cure temperature is the role of these versatile additions. Whether the need is for
acceleration of dicy and anhydrides or catalytic cures of epoxy resins, a CVC product is available to fit your needs for latency or
cure profile.
These products include:

 OMICURE™ DDA Series - Dicyandiamide
 OMICURE™ U Series - Substituted Urea Accelerators for Dicy
 OMICURE™ B Series - Boron-Based Catalysts


Curing Agents / Accelerators
Dicyandiamide Curing Agent – Typical use levels in DGEBA from 5-10 phr.

                                                  Onset                 Particle Size
                                                                                                       Typical Flow
                                                  Melting     Mean
                                   Product Name                                                Color     Control
                                                   Point     Particle   10%      50%    90%                                           Description / Use
                                                                                                         Content
                                                   (°C)       Size
                                                                                                                   Ultra-Fine particle size Dicyandiamide for the
                                                                                                                   most critical applications. Provides for excellent
                                OMICURE DDA 5     207- 212     4μ       <1μ      <4μ    <9μ    White     2 to 3%
                                                                                                                   dispersability, maximum reactivity, uniform cure,
   Dicyandiamide Curing Agent




                                                                                                                   and low settling potential.
                                                                                                                   Fine particle size with good dispersability,
                                OMICURE DDA 10    207- 212    12μ       <3μ      <8μ    <20μ   White   1.5 to 2.5% reactivity, uniform cure, at a lower price than
                                                                                                                   ultra fine grade.
                                                                                                                   Intermediate particle size product provides for
                                OMICURE DDA 50    207- 212    21μ       <7μ      <16μ   <40μ   White   1.5 to 2.5% cost effective, stable, one part systems for
                                                                                                                   elevated temperature cure applications.
                                                                                                                      Coarse, unground grade of Dicyandiamide for
                                OMICURE DDA 100   207- 212              Coarse Grade           White       0%         those applications where particle size is not an
                                                                                                                      issue. Contains no flow control agent.




                                                                                                                                                                         17
Curing Agents / Accelerators (cont.)
Accelerators used with Dicyandiamide
to lower required cure temperatures and increase speed of reaction
                                                                                                          Particle Size                          Time to Cure
                                                         Typical                                                                      Time to
                                                                                                        (percent through                            to 95%
                                                          Peak                       PHR                                             Double in
                                                                                                          325 screen)                             Full Cure(3)        Tg
                                        Product Name     Melting      Color          with                                            Viscosity                                      Description
                                                                                                                      M                                             (°C)(2)
                                                          Point                 Dicyandiamide(1)       Regular                       @ 25°C(2)     at      at
                                                                                                                    Grade
                                                          (°C)                                          Grade                         (weeks)    120°C   140°C
                                                                                                                      (micronized)


                                                         126 -
                                     OMICURE U-405                 off-white           1-5                80              95            10        22        9        118      Phenyl Dimethyl Urea
                                                          136
                                                                                                                                                                              2,4 Toluene bis
                                                         180 -
                                     OMICURE U-24                  off-white           1-5                80              95            10        20        7        127      Dimethyl Urea -
                                                          195
                                                                                                                                                                              Isomer Grade
     Substituted Urea Accelerators




                                                                                                                                                                              80/20 Toluene bis
                                                         180 -
                                     OMICURE U-410                 off-white           1-5                80              95            10        18        7        123      Dimethyl Urea -
                                                          195
                                                                                                                                                                              Technical Grade
                                                                                                                                                                              4,4’ Methylene bis
                                                         220 -
                                     OMICURE U-52                  off-white           1-5                80              95            55        27       12        127      (phenyl dimethyl urea)
                                                          230
                                                                                                                                                                              Isomer Grade
                                                                                                                                                                              4,4’ Methylene bis
                                                         190 -
                                     OMICURE U-415                 off-white           1-5                80              95            20        33       12        128      (phenyl dimethyl urea)
                                                          220
                                                                                                                                                                              Technical Grade
                                                         190 -
                                     OMICURE U-35                  off-white           1-5                80              95            134       46       15        124      Cycloaliphatic bisurea
                                                          210

                                     OMICURE U-210       172 -                                                                                                                N-(4-chlorophenyl) N,
                                                                   off-white           1-5                80              95            16        29       15        121
                                     (Monuron)            182                                                                                                                 N Dimethyl Urea
(1) with DGEBA (EEW=190) and dicy
(2) substituted urea @ 3phr; dicy @ 8phr; with DGEBA (EEW=190)
(3) Cure - DSC scan at 20°C/minute to 275°C, substituted urea @ 3phr; dicy @ 8phr, with DGEBA (EEW=190)




Miscellaneous Curing Agents
                                                                                                             Gardner
                                                                                             Use Level
                                          Product Name       MP, °C            Color                          Color,           Tg, °C                           Description / Use
                                                                                               PHR
                                                                                                              max
                                                                                                                                        Accelerator for anhydrides and catalyst for high temperature
                Curing Agents and




                                       OMICURE 24EMI         liquid            Brown         0.1-10(1)           16             —       epoxies. Faster reactivity vs. BDMA or tertiary amine
                  Accelerators




                                                                                                                                        substituted phenols.
                                                                                                                                        Can be used as sole curing agent or as accelerator for
                                                                                                                                        Anhydrides, Dicyandiamide or Aromatic Amines. Clear,
                                       OMICURE BC-120        25-35              Tan          0.1-10(1)           —             130(2)
                                                                                                                                        compatible formulations. Very long room temperature
                                                                                                                                        shelf life.
   (1) low levels to accelerate acid anhydrides, mid-range or higher levels as sole curing agent. Determine optimum concentration empirically.
   (2) with DGEBA, EEW=190; @ 8phr




18
Glossary
Acid Number – Acid number describes the number of equivalents                 HCC – HCC refers to the Hydrolyzable Chloride Content of an epoxy
per liter of KOH (potassium hydroxide) required to neutralize the acid        functional material. It is usually referred to as a weight % of the
contained in a given sample. Thus it is an indication of the quantity of      compound in question, or in parts per million (ppm). Hydrolyzable
acid present in a given material. The higher the acid number, the             chloride refers to the chlorine left in a compound from non-
greater the amount of acid in the product. With respect to its use in         dehydrohalogenated moieties (or unclosed rings) and is liable to
this brochure, acid number is used to describe the properties of HyPox        liberation via simple hydrolysis reaction. With respect to the
products made from Carboxylic Acid containing raw materials. The              compounds shown in this brochure, most have relatively low HCC
acid number is used as a gauge to determine the completion of                 contents on the order of 0.10%. HCC should not be confused with
reactions where epoxy containing materials are adducted, or                   bound chloride (which is not subject to liberation via simple
added to carboxylic acid functional resins. In general, an acid number        hydrolysis) or ionic chloride (from sodium chloride or other salts
of 0.10 or less is used to determine the practical end point of these         present as a by product of reaction). Another measure of chlorides of
reaction processes.                                                           particular importance to the electronics industry is “total chloride”
                                                                              which is a measure of all types of chloride present in the product
APHA Color – APHA Color is a color scale used for clear, light yellow         (hydrolyzable + bound + ionic).
colored liquids such as ground water, light oils and chemicals. This test
method uses specific dilutions of a platinum-cobalt stock solution            NV – NV refers to the non-volatile component of a resin or resin
to give numeric values from 0 (the lightest) to 500 (the darkest) to a        solution, is usually expressed as a percentage (%), and is usually used
given sample. Samples are compared against the standard to                    as a reportable component of solvent cut resins or diluents such
determine which standard most closely matches the sample. Because             as 8330MAK80 for example. However, most epoxidation processes
of the standards used, this scale is sometimes referred to as Platinum-       are performed in solvent which is removed via distillation at the
Cobalt color. With CVC products it is used to define the color of our         completion of reaction. Therefore, %NV is sometimes reported to
lighter, more colorless products. An APHA color of 150 roughly                certain customers utilizing resins or diluents for outgas sensitive
corresponds to a Gardner Color of 1 (See Gardner Color below.)                applications, and would be a relatively small number, such as 0.10%.

Average Epoxy Functionality – Epoxy Functionality refers to the               Particle Size – Particle size refers to the actual size of solid
number of reactive epoxy groups present in a particular epoxy resin.          particulates, such as dicyandiamide or substituted urea, that are used
With respect to Epoxy Phenol Novolacs, we see molecules with a                in the formulation of epoxy compounds. Particle size is an important
range of functionalities. In resins such as the 8000 series there are         property of powdered reactive materials because as the particles in a
molecules that are 2, 3, 4, 5, and etc., functional. A product like Epalloy   given weight of material are made smaller, the effective surface area of
8220 will contain almost all 2 functional material with very little           that weight of material increases exponentially, providing much
product of higher functionality. As we progress up the series, there are      greater contact area with the liquid components of the formulation.
greater amounts of multifunctional materials present and lesser               Particle Size is usually reported in units of microns. One Micron is
amounts of difunctional materials. Average Epoxy Functionality is the         10-6 meters or approximately 0.04 mils. The unit for microns is μ.
average functionality by weight % composition of epoxy molecules with         Particle size can be quantified by use of standard sieves which are
different functionalities in a listed product.                                precisely manufactured screens of various sizes made for this purpose.
                                                                              For the purpose of powdered materials CVC sells such as the urea
EEW – EEW stands for Epoxy Equivalent Weight and is measured in               accelerators, particle size is often quantified based on the amount of
grams/equivalent. This method utilizes a titration with perchloric acid       material that passes through a 325 mesh screen. A 325 mesh screen
and tetraethylammonium bromide, to produce Hydrogen Bromide,                  has openings that are about 44 microns wide. Standard grade
which reacts quantitatively with epoxy groups to determine the                materials require 80% by weight of a sample to pass through the
amount of epoxy groups present in solution. The result is reported in         screen while M-Grade or micronized material requires 95% of the
grams of epoxy compound containing one equivalent of epoxy                    sample to pass through the screen meaning 95% of the particles are
groups. It is a basic property of epoxy resin compounds and is used by        less than 44 microns in dimension.
formulators to determine proper combining ratios to use with epoxy
curing agents.                                                                Particle Size Distribution – Particle Size Distribution defines the
                                                                              range and magnitude of all the different sized particles in a given
Flash Point – Flash point is used to measure the flammability of an           sample. For properly ground and graded materials the distribution
organic substance (usually a liquid). Most substances are tested via a        curve is usually Gaussian or “Bell Shaped”. A typical PSD (Particle Size
“closed cup” determination whereas a sample is heated at a specified          Distribution) will give the average particle size, standard deviation, and
rate and vapors are allowed to build up in a closed headspace.                other useful statistical data such as the percentage of particles less
The closed headspace is exposed to a flame. The temperature                   than a given value; for example 90% of the particles are less than 6.9μ,
where the flame is able to ignite the vapor is the Flash Point. This          or 50% are less than 3.5μ; such values are often referred to as the d90
property is particularly important in determining transportation              or d50 respectively.
classifications of substances.
                                                                              Viscosity – Viscosity is a property of fluids that is described as the
Gardner Color – Gardner Color is a color scale used for liquid                resistance to flow. There are a variety of ways to measure and report
materials that range from water white through yellow, to deep amber.          viscosity. Most of the values in this brochure were taken by
The scale ranges from 1 to 18. The lower end of the scale (1 - 8) uses        measurement with an instrument known as a Brookfield Viscometer
standard potassium chloroplatinate solutions to provide various               which measures viscosity in Centipoise (cps) or Poise (P).
shades of yellow. The upper end (9 - 18) uses solutions of ferric             (1 Poise = 100 centipoise.) Water, by definition, has a viscosity of 1 cps.
chloride and cobalt chloride. Samples are compared to the standards           For illustration purposes #10 motor oil will measure about 400 cps,
to determine the correct color designation.                                   Castor Oil will measure 1,000 cps; Karo Syrup - 3,500 cps.

                                                                                                                                                      19
CVC Thermoset Specialties Sales & Distribution Network
United StateS                        West                                  eUROPe
Northeast                            Dowd and Guild, Inc.                  Azelis Nordic – Broste AS
Bedford Specialty Sales, Inc.        San Ramon, CA                         Lyngby, Denmark
Shirley, MA                          Tel (800) 959-8222                    Tel +45 4526 3333
Tel (978) 425-6214                   Web: www.dowdandguild.com             Web: www.broste.com
Web: www.bedfordsales.com
                                     The NP Group, LLC                     Azelis Italia S.p.A.
E.M. Sullivan Associates, Inc.       Dallas, TX                            Milan, Italy
Broomall, PA                         Tel (972) 386-5442                    Tel +39 02 48479.1
Tel (610) 725-8717                   Web: www.npgroupinc.com               Web: www.azelis.it
Web: www.emsullivan.com
                                     Canada                                Hubron Speciality Ltd.
Gillen Company, LLC                  Chemroy Canada, Inc.                  Manchester, UK
Cuddy, PA                            Brampton, Ontario                     Tel +44 (0) 161 681 2691
Tel (412) 257-3300                   Tel (905) 789-0701                    Web: www.hubronspeciality.com
                                     Web: www.chemroy.ca
Southeast                                                                  IMCD Benelux BV
Kohl Marketing                       FaR eaSt                              Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Roswell, GA                          Heng Hsin Company, Ltd.               Tel +31 10 290 8600
Tel (770) 753-4979                   Taiwan, R.O.C.                        Web: www.imcd.nl
Web: www.kohlmarketing.com           Tel (886) 2 2541 8641
                                     Web: www.henghsin.com.tw              IMCD Benelux NV
Midwest                                                                    Mechelen, Belgium
Cal-Chem                             PTI Japan, Ltd.                       Tel +32 15 29 49 50
Troy, MI                             Tokyo, Japan                          Web: www.imcd.be
Tel (248) 743-0248                   Tel (81) 3 3213 2542
Web: www.cal-chemusa.com             Web: www.ptij.co.jp                   IMCD Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG
                                                                           Cologne, Germany
Cemsac Corporation                   Shenzhen Jiadida Chemical Co., Ltd.   Tel +49 221 77 65 0
Ellisville, MO                       Shenzhen, China                       Web: www.imcd.de
Tel (636) 391-2600                   Tel (86) 755 8212 4697
Web: www.cemsac.com                  Web: www.jiadida.com                  IMCD Espana Especialidades Quimicas, S.A.
                                                                           Barcelona, Spain
Chem/Serv, Inc.                      Trachem                               Tel +34 93 241 38 58
Minneapolis, MN                      Seoul, Korea                          Web: www.imcd.es
Tel (612) 379-4411                   Tel (82) 2 2248 6290
Web: www.chemserv.com                Web: www.trachem.com                  IMCD France SAS
                                                                           Cedex, France
Dar-Tech, Inc.                       aUStRalia / neW Zealand               Tel +33 1 49 33 31 31
Cleveland, OH                        International Sales & Marketing       Web: www.imcd.fr
Tel (800) 228-7347                   South Hurstville, Australia
Web: www.dar-techinc.com             Tel/Australia (61) 2 9580 2400        IMCD Switzerland AG
                                     Tel/New Zealand (64) 9 275 0745       Zurich, Switzerland
Resin Sales, Ltd.                    Web: www.ismaus.com                   Tel +41 43 244 8000
Northbrook, IL                                                             Web: www.imcd.ch
Tel (847) 564-0248
Web: resinsalesltd.com                                                     USNER GmbH
                                                                           Hallein, Austria
                                                                           Tel +43 6245 81 516

                                                                           Nanoresins AG
                                                                           Geesthacht, Germany
                                                                           Tel +49 4152 1390 0
                                                                           Web: www.nanoresins.com

Corporate Headquarters               division Headquarters                 The information contained herein is believed to be reliable, but no representa-
                                                                           tions, guarantees or warranties of any kind are made as to its accuracy, suitability
Emerald Performance Materials, LLC   CVC Thermoset Specialties             for particular applications or the results to be obtained. The information is based
                                                                           on laboratory work with small-scale equipment and does not necessarily indi-
2020 Front Street, Suite 100         844 N. Lenola Road                    cate end product performance. Because of the variations in methods, conditions
                                                                           and equipment used commercially in processing these materials, no warranties
Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221             Moorestown, NJ 08057                  or guarantees are made as to the suitability of the products for the applications
                                                                           disclosed. Full-scale testing and end product performance are the responsibil-
                                                                           ity of the user. Emerald Performance Materials shall not be liable for and the
Tel (330) 916-6700                   Tel (856) 533-3000                    customer assumes all risk and liability of any use or handling of any material be-
                                                                           yond Emerald Performance Materials’ direct control. The SELLER MAKES NO WAR-
Fax (330) 916-6737                   Fax (856) 533-3003                    RANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
Web: www.emeraldmaterials.com        Web: www.cvc.emeraldmaterials.com     WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
                                                                           Nothing contained herein is to be considered as permission, recommendation,
                                                                           nor as an inducement to practice any patented invention without permission
                                                                           of the patent owner.
                                                                                                                                        001-September 10

				
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