# International Economics

Document Sample

```					       SYLLABUS FOR

HEBEI FINANCE UNIVERSITY

September 2012
CONTENTS
ⅠPublic Course
1. Calculus Contents ............................................................................................................................ 4
2. Econometrics ................................................................................................................................ 7
3. Economic Law ........................................................................................................................... 10
4. Economics of Money and Finance ............................................................................................. 11
5. Linear Algebra............................................................................................................................ 14
6. Management Science ................................................................................................................. 15
7. Probability and Statistics ............................................................................................................ 17
8. Statistics ..................................................................................................................................... 19
ⅡProfessional Basic Courses and Specialized Courses
1. International Economics ............................................................................................................. 22
2. International Commercial Law................................................................................................... 25
3. Theory and Policy of International Trade .................................................................................. 27
4. Foreign Trade Correspondence .................................................................................................. 29

2
Public Course

3
Calculus Contents
1 Functions
1.1 The Concept of a Function
1.2 Trigonometric Functions
1.3 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
1.4 Logarithmic, Exponential and Hyperbolic Functions
2 Limits and Continuity
2.1 Intuitive treatment and definitions
2.1.1 Introductory Examples
2.1.2 Limit: Formal Definitions
2.1.3 Continuity: Formal Definitions
2.1.4 Continuity Examples
2.2 Linear Function Approximations
2.3 Limits and Sequences
2.4 Properties of Continuous Functions
2.5 Limits and Infinity
3 Differentiation
3.1 The Derivative
3.2 The Chain Rule
3.3 Differentiation of Inverse Functions
3.4 Implicit Differentiation
3.5 Higher Order Derivatives
4 Applications of Differentiation
4.1 Mathematical Applications
4.2 Antidifferentiation
4.3 Linear First Order Differential Equations
4.4 Linear Second Order Homogeneous Differential Equations
4.5 Linear Non-Homogeneous Second Order Differential Equations

4
5 The Definite Integral
5.1 Area Approximation
5.2 The Definite Integral
5.3 Integration by Substitution
5.4 Integration by Parts
5.5 Logarithmic, Exponential and Hyperbolic Functions
5.6 The Riemann Integral
5.7 Volumes of Revolution
5.8 Arc Length and Surface Area
6 Techniques of Integration
6.1 Integration by formulae
6.2 Integration by Substitution
6.3 Integration by Parts
6.4 Trigonometric Integrals
6.5 Trigonometric Substitutions
6.6 Integration by Partial Fractions
6.7 Fractional Power Substitutions
7 Infinite Series
7.1 Sequences
7.2 Monotone Sequences
7.3 Infinite Series
7.4 Series with Positive Terms
7.5 Alternating Series
7.6 Power Series
7.7 Taylor Polynomials and Series
8 The Multivariable Differential Calculus
8.1 Basic concepts of muhivariable functions
8.2 Limit and continuity for function of several variables
8.3 Partial derivatives and higher-order partial derivatives
8.4 Total differentials

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8.5 Directional derivatives and the gradient
8.6 Differentiation of muhivariable composite functions
8.7 Differentiation of implied functions
9 Differential Equations
9.1 Differential equations and their solutions
9.2 Separable equations
9.3 Linear first-order equations
9.4 Homogeneous equations
9.5 second-0rder linear equations

6
Econometrics
1 Nature of Econometrics and Economic and Economic Data
1.1 What is Econometrics
1.2 The Structure of Econometrics Data
1.3 Steps in Empirical Econometrics Analysis
2 Simple Linear Regression Model
2.1 Deriving the OLS Estimates
2.2 Properties of OLS on Any Sample Data
Chapter 3 Multiple Regression Analysis
3.1 Mechanics and Interpretation of OLS
3.2 The Gauss-Markov Theorem
4 Multiple Regression Analysis with Qualitative information
4.1 Dummy variables as independent variables
4.2 Linear probability Model
5 Multiple Regression Analysis: Inference
5.1 Sample Distributions of OLS Estimates
5.2 Testing Hypotheses about a Single Population Parameter
6 Multiple Regression Analysis: OLS Asymptotics
6.1 Consistency
6.2 Asymptotic Normality and Large Sample Inference
7 Further Issues of MLRM
7.1 More on Functional Form
7.2 Prediction and Residual Analysis
8 Hetoroskedasticity
8.1 Consequences of Hetoroskedasticity
8.2 Testing for Hetoroskedasticity
8.3 Weighter Least Squares Estimation

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9 More on Specification and Data Problems
9.1 Functional Form Misspecification
9.2 Using Proxy Variables for Unobserved Explanatory Variables
9.3 Missing Data Nonrandom Sample and Outlying Observations
10 Basic Regression Analysis with Time Series Data
10.1 The Nature of Time Series Regression
10.2 Examples of Time Series Regression
11 Further Issues in Using OLS with Time Series Data
11.1 Stationary and Weakly Dependent Time Series
11.2 Using high Persistent Time Series in Regression Model
11.3 Dynamically Complete Models
12 Serial Co-relation and Heteroskedasticity in Time Series Regression
12.1 Serially Correlated Errors
12.2 Testing for Serial Correlation
12.3 Correcting for Serial Correlation
13 Pooling Cross Section Across Time
13.1 Pooling Independent Cross Section Across Time
13.2 Policy Analysis with Pooled Cross Section
13.3 Differecing with More Than Two Time Periods
14.1 Fixed Effects Estimation
14.2 Random Effects Models
14.3 Applying Panel Data Methods to Other Data Structures
15 Instrumental Variable Estimation AND 2SLS
15.1 IV Estimation of the Multiple Regression Model
15.2 SLS
15.3 IV Solutions to Error-in-variables Problems
16 Simultaneous Equations Models
16.1 Simultaneous Bias in OLS
16.2 Identifying and Estimating Structural Equation

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16.3 Simultaneous Equations Models with Time Series/Panel Data
17 Limited Dependent Variable Models and Sample Selection Correction
17.1 Logit and Probit Models
17.2 The Tobit Model
17.3 Censored and Truncated Regression
18.1 Infinite Distributed Lag Models
18.2 Testing for Unit Roots
18.3 Forecasting
19 Carrying Out and Empirical Project

9
Economic Laws
1 The Basic Knowledge of Law
2 Legal System on Sole Proprietorship and Partnership Enterprises
3 Enterprises with Foreign Investment Legal System
4 Company law
5 Securities Law
6 Bankruptcy Law
7 Enterprise State-Owned Assets Law System
8 Proprietorship Law System
9 Contract Law System ( General Provisions)
10 Contract Law System ( Special Provisions )
11 Foreign Exchange Administration Legal System
12 Legal System on Payment and Clearance
13 Legal System of Negotiable Instruments
14 Industrial Real Estate Law System
15 The Competition Law

10
Economics of Money and Finance
1 Currency and Economics
1.1 Origin and Development of Currency
1.2 Form of Currency
1.3 Nature and Functions of Currency
2 Currency System
2.1 Definition and Elements of Currency System
2.2 Evolution of Currency System
3 Credit and Credit Instrument
3.1 Form of Credit
3.2 Credit Instrument
4 Financial Intermediaries
4.1 Origin and Evolution of Banks
4.2 Non-bank Financial Institutions
5 Financial Market and its functions
5.1 Outline of Financial Market
5.2 Direct Financing and Indirect Financing
5.3 Structure and Organizational Management of Financial Market
5.4 Theories of Financial Market
6 Theories of Interest Rate
6.1 Interest and Interest Rate
6.2 Channel in which Changes of Interest Rate Influences Economics
6.3 Theories of Interest Rate
6.4 Interest Rate System and its Reform in China
7 Capital Market
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7.1 Stock Market
7.2 Bond Market
7.3 Stock Exchange
8 Money Market
8.1 Inter-bank Market
8.2 Discount Market
8.3 Negotiable Certificate of Deposit Market
8.4 Repurchase Market
9 Financial Derivatives Market
9.1 Futures Market
9.2 Options Market
9.3 Swap Market
9.4 Derivatives Market
10 Outline of Commercial Bank
10.1 Commercial Bank System
10.2 Dual Functions of Commercial Bank
10.3 Balance Sheet of Commercial Bank
12 Theories of Operation and Management of Commercial Bank
12.1 Operational Principles of Commercial Bank
12.2 Theories of Management of Commercial Bank’s Assets
12.3 Theories of Management of Commercial Bank’s Liabilities
12.4 Theories of Comprehensive Management of Commercial Bank’s Assets and Liabilities
12.5 Capital Management of Commercial Bank
13 Position and Functions of Central Bank
13.1 Establishment and Development of Central Bank
13.2 Functions of Central Bank

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13.3 Clearing System of Central Bank
14 Currency Policy
14.1 Targets of Currency Policy
14.2 Instruments of Currency Policy
14.3 Mechanism of Currency Policy’s Conduction
15 Central Bank and Financial supervision
1. Target and Scope of Financial Supervision
2. Financial Supervision on Condition of Asymmetric Information
3. Theories of Financial Supervision
4. Reform and Trend of Pattern of Financial Supervision
16 Theories of Demand for Money
16.1 Concept and Measurement of Demand for Money
16.2 Theories of Demand for Money
16.3 Reproduction and Demand for Money
17 Theories of Money Supply
17.1 Bank System and Money Supply
17.2 Model of Money Supply
18 Inflation and deflation
18.1 Reasons and Behavior of Inflation
18.2 Influence of Inflation
18.3 Deflation and its Influence
18.4 Administration of Inflation and Deflation

13
Linear Algebra Contents
1 Determinants
1.1Definition
1.2Properties of Determinants
1.3Permutation Expansion
1.4Cramer’s rule
2 Matrix
2.1Definition and Examples
2.2Matrix Operations
2.3Special Matrix
2.4Partitioned Matrix
2.5Inverse of Matrix
2.6Elementary Operations
2.7Rank of Matrix
3 Linear Systems
3.1 Solving Linear Systems
3.2Linearly Dependent and Rank of Vector
3.3Structures of Solution for Linear Systems
3.4Input-Output Analysis
4 Eigenvalues of Matrix
4.1Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
4.2Similar Matrix
5 Quatratic Form

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5.1Quatratic Form and Symmetric Matrix
5.2Standard Form
5.3Positive Definite Quatratic Form

Management Science
1 Management Activities and Management Theories
1.1 Management Activities
1.2 Historical Overview of Management Ideas
1.3 Formation and Development of Management Theories
2 Ethics and Social Responsibilities
2.1 Ethics and Management Embracing Ethics
2.2 Influencing Factors of Managers’Ethical Behaviours
2.3 Approaches to Upgrade Ethical Cultivation of the Staff
2.4 Social Responsibilities and Profit-seeking
3 Global Management
3.1 Contents, Features and Motivations of International Operation
3.2 Surroundings in International Operation
4 Information and Computerized Management
4.1 Information and Its Features
4.2 Information Management
4.3 Computerized Management
5 Decision and Decisionmaking Methods
5.1 Decision and Decisionmaking Theories
5.2 Decisionmaking Process
5.3 Influencing Factors of Decisionmaking
5.4 Decisionmaking Methods

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6 Plan and Planning Work
6.1 Definition and Nature of Plan
6.2 Categories of Plan
6.3 Process of Planning
6.4 Implementation of Plan
7 Organization Designing
7.1 Organization and Organization Designing
7.2 Departmentalization of Organization
7.3 Stratification of Organization
8 Human Resource Management
8.1 Human Resource Planning
8.2 Recruiting and Dismissing of the Staff
8.3 Staff Training
8.4 Evaluation of Staff Performance
9 Organization Reform and Organization Culture
11 Inspiration
11.1 Principle of Inspiration
11.2 Content Theory of Inspiration
11.3 Process Theory of Inspiration
11.4 Reinforcement Theory of Inspiration
11.5 Practice of Inspiration
12 Communication
12.1 Overview of Communication
12.2 Organizational Communication
12.3 Communication Management
12.4 Organizational Conflict and Negotiation

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13 Control
13.1 Control Activities
13.2 Process of Control
13.3 Effective Control

Probability and Statistics Contents
1 Random Events and Probability
1.1 Random Events
1.2 Concepts of Probability
1.3 Conditional Probability and Independence
1.4 Formula of Total Probability and Formula of Bayes
2 Random Variables and Distributions
2.1 Random Variables
2.2 Discrete Random Variables and Probability Distributions
2.3 Functions of Random Variables
2.4 Distributions of Continuous Random Variables
2.5 Distributions of Random Variables’ Functions
3 Random Vectors and Distributions
3.1 Joint Distributions and Marginal Distributions
3.2 Independence of Random Variables
3.3 Distributions of Random Vectors’ Functions
4 Figure Characteristic of Random Variable
4.1 Expectations
4.2 Variance
4.3 Covariance and Correlation Coefficient
4.4 Origin Moment and Moment
5 Law of Large Numbers and Central Limit Theorems

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5.1 Law of Large Numbers
5.2 Central Limit Theorems
6 Introduction to Sampling Theory and Statistics
6.1 Basic Concepts
6.2 The Approximate Method of Distribution Density and Distribution Functions
7 Parameter Estimation
7.1 Meaning of Parameter Estimation
7.2 Point Estimation of Parameter
7.3 Statistic Distribution
7.4 Interval Estimation of Parameter
8 Hypothesis Testing
8.1 Introduction to Hypothesis Testing
8.2 Hypothesis Testing of Normal Population Mean and Variance
9 Analysis of Variance
9.1 Single Factor Analysis of Variance
9.2 Single Factor Analysis of Variance Table
9.3 Single Factor Analysis of Variance Examples
10 Regression Analysis
10.1 Concept of Regression
10.2 A Linear Regression Equation
10.3 Linear Regression Equation

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Statistics
1 Statistics
1.1 What’s Statistics?
1.2 Descriptive Statistics and Inferential Statistics.
2 Purposes of Study Statistics
2.1Two Reasons for Studying Statistics

3 Data Collection
3.1 Methods of Collection of Original Data
3.2 Telephone Interviews & Personal Interviews
3.3 Mail Questionnaires

4 Organizing Data
4.1 Type of Data
4.2 Steps in Arranging Data

5 Frequency Distribution
5.1What’s A Frequency Distribution?
5.2Data Classification

6 Statistical Graph
6.1 Bar Charts
6.2 Pie Charts
6.3 Star Charts
6.4 Block Charts
6.5 Maps

7 Measurements of Central Tendency
7.1 Central Tendency of Data

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7.2 Three Types of Averages

8 Measurements of Dispersions
8.1 Dispersion
8.2 Two Measures of Dispersion

9 Types of Samples
9.1 Probability Sampling
9.2 Non-Probability Sampling

10 Some Basic Concepts in Probability
10.1 Probability
10.2 Experiment Event

11 Estimation
11.1Statistical Inference
11.2 Two Types of Estimates
11.3 Point Estimate
11.4 Interval Estimate

12 Hypothesis Testing
12.1 What’s Hypothesis Testing?
12.2 Hypothesis Testing Procedure

13 Regression Analysis
13.1 The Basic Purposes of Regression Analysis
13.2 Regression Analysis Involving Two Variables
13.3 Estimate the Values of Dependent Variable

14 Correlation Analysis
14.1 What’s Correlation Analysis?
14.2 The Coefficient of Correlation

15 Time Series
15.1 What’s Time series?
15.2 Plotting Time Series Data
15.3 The Components of Time Series

16 Index Number
16.1 What’s an index number?
16.2 Types of Index Numbers

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Professional Basic Courses
& Specialized Courses

21
International Economics

1. Exordium

1.1. Emergence and development of international economics
1.2. Research object and structure of international economics

2. Classic theories of international trade

3.   Price determination of international trade
3.1. Equation of reciprocal demand
3.2. Offer curves
3.3. Export immiserizing growth

4.   Modern theories of international trade (1)

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4.1. H-o model
4.3. Theory of new factor

5.   Modern theories of international trade (2)

6.1. Analysis of tariff
6.2. Comparison between tariff and quota
6.3. Protection for the infantile industry
6.4. Economic analysis of dumping and anti-dumping

7.   Balance of payments
7.1. Balance of payment and statement of balance of payments
7.2. Regulation of the balance of payment

8.   Determination of exchange rate
8.1. Foreign exchange and exchange rate
8.2. General theory of determination of exchange rate
8.3. Determination of exchange rate

9.   6. International monetary system and international monetary crisis
9.1. Theory of international monetary crisis
9.2. Types of international monetary system
9.3. The present international monetary system

10. 7. International flow of factors
10.1. The economic effect of capital international flow
10.2. The economic effect of labor international flow

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10.3. The economic effect of technology transfer
10.4. The other economic effect international flow of factors

11. 8. Disequilibrium conduction of international economy
11.1. The conduction mechanism of international commodity exchange
11.2. The conduction mechanism of international capital exchange
11.3. The conduction mechanism of international labor exchange
11.4. The other conduction mechanism

12. 9. Internal and external equilibrium of macro economy
12.1. TM-F model
12.2. Internal and external equilibrium of macro economy

13. Economic integration and international economic order
13.1. Economic integration
13.2. Theory and practice of optimum currency area
13.3. Optimum currency area
13.4. International economic order and south-north relation

14. Economic globalization
14.1. The pattern of economic globalization
14.2. Decisive significance for the industrial structure
14.3. Powerful country about economic globalization
14.4. Wintelism
14.5. New economy
14.6. Effect on economic globalization

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International Commercial Law

1.   Introduction
1.1. The concept and sources of international commercial law
1.2. Two legal systems
1.3. China's legal system

2.   Law of Commercial organization
2.1. The legal form of commercial organization
2.2. Partnership
2.3. Foreign-invested enterprises in China

3.   Contract Law
3.1. Overview of Contract Law
3.2. The establishment of the contract
3.3. Performance of the contract

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3.4. Assignment of contracts and contract signed for the third Interests
3.5. Elimination of the contract

4.   International Sale of Goods Act
4.1. Domestic legislation, international treaties and trade practices of sale of goods
4.2. The establishment of the International Sale of Goods
4.3. The buyer and the seller's obligations
4.4. Remedy for breach of contract for the sale

5.   International Freight and Insurance Law
5.1. Overview of international cargo transport law
5.2. International Transport of Goods by Sea Act
5.3. International rail freight law
5.4. International air cargo transportation law
5.5. International Multimodal Transport of Goods Act
5.6. Overview of international cargo transportation insurance
5.7. Insurance Law International maritime transport of goods
5.8. Otherwise Cargo Insurance Law

6.   Product Liability Law
6.1. U.S. product liability law
6.2. European Product Liability Law
6.3. Conventions of the law application on product liability

7.   The law of agency
7.1. Overview of agency law
7.2. The relationship between himself and the agent
7.3. I and the agent relationship with third party
7.4. The agent of special responsibility
7.5. China's foreign trade agency system and the law of agency

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8.   Negotiable Instruments Law
8.1. The concept and Jurisprudence of bills
8.2. Draft
8.3. Promissory notes and checks
8.4. United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory
Notes

9.   The legal system of international commercial dispute resolution
9.1. International Commercial Dispute Resolution Overview of the legal system
9.2. International commercial arbitration system
10. Judicial settlement of international commercial disputes

Theory and Policy of International Trade

1.   Introduction
1.1. The Basic Concept of International Trade
1.2. The Emergence and Development of International Trade

2.   International Division
2.1. The Emergence and Development of International Division
2.2. The Influence Factors for the Formation and Development of International Division
2.3. Section Three Western Theory of International Division

3.   The World Market and the World Market Price
3.1. The Structure and Operation of the Contemporary World Market
3.3. The World Market Price

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4.1. An Overview of Foreign Trade Policy
4.2. Mercantile System
4.3. Section Three Free Trade Policy
4.4. Section Four Protective Trade Policy

5.   Chapter Five Tariff Measures
5.1. An Overview of Tariff
5.2. Classification of Tariff
5.3. Collection of Duty
5.4. Tariff Protection Margin

6.   Non-tariff Measures
6.1. An overview of Non-tariff Measures

7.1. Export Promotion Measures
7.2. Measures of Special economic zones

8.   Treaties and Agreements of International Trade
8.1. An overview of Treaties and Agreements of International Trade
8.2. Bilateral Trade Treaties and Agreements
8.3. International Commodity Agreements

9.   Regional Economy Integration
9.1. The Origin and Development of Regional Economy Integration

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9.2. The Form of Regional Economy Integration
9.3. Economic effects of Regional Economy Integration
9.4. The influence of Regional Economy Integration to International Trade

10.1. General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade
10.2. Uruguay Round and the Establishment of the World Trade Organization
10.3. Aim, Function and Basic Principle of the World Trade Organization
10.4. The Institutional Framework and Operation Mechanism of the World Trade Organization
10.5. Doha Round

1.   Basic Knowledge of Business Letter Writing
1.1. Principles of Business Letter Writing
1.2. The Structure and The Format of Business Letters

2.   Establishing Bussiness Relations
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Writing Skills
2.3. Specimen Letters
2.4. Focal Words and Useful Sentences

3.   Enquiries and Replies
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Writing Skills
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3.3. Specimen Letters
3.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

4.   Quotations and Offers
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Writing Skills
4.3. Specimen Letters
4.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

5.   Counter—Offer and Acceptance
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Writing Skills
5.3. Specimen Letters
5.4. Focal Words and Useful Sentences

6.   Sales Letters
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Writing Skills
6.3. Specimen Letters
6.4. Focal Words and Useful Sentences

7.   Order and Their Fulfillment
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Writing Skills
7.3. Specimen Letters
7.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

8.   Payment
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Writing Skills

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8.3. Specimen Letters
8.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

9.   Packing
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Writing Skills
9.3. Specimen Letters
9.4. Focal Words and Useful Sentences

10. Shipment
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Writing Skills
10.3. Specimen Letters
10.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences
11. Insurance
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Writing Skills
11.3. Specimen Letters
11.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

12. Inspection
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Writing Skills
12.3. Specimen Letters
12.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

13. Complaints、Claims and Settlement
13.1. Introduction
13.2. Writing Skills
13.3. Specimen Letters

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13.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

14.1. Introduction
14.2. Writing Skills
14.3. Specimen Letters
14.4. Focal Words and Useful Seentences

1.   The Overview
1.1. The Parties of the International Trade in Goods
1.2. The Concerns of Buyers and Sellers
1.3. The Features and Risks of the International Trade in Goods
1.4. The Features and Applicative Law of International Contract of Sale of Goods
1.5. The Content of International Contract of Sale of Goods
1.6. The Procedures of the International Trade in Goods

2.   Name and Quality of Goods
2.1. Name of Goods
2.2. Quality of Goods
2.3. The methods of expressing the Quality of Goods
2.4. Terms of Quality in the Contract

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3.   Quantity and Packaging of the Goods
3.1. Quantity of the Goods
3.2. Terms of Quantity in the Contract
3.3. Packaging of the Goods
3.4. Terms of Packaging in the Contract

4.1. The Meaning and Function of International Trade Terms
4.3. Six main International Trade Terms
4.4. Other Seven International Trade Terms
4.5. The factors of Selecting International Trade Terms

5.   The Price and Calculation of Goods
5.1. The Basic Principles of Making Price
5.2. The Basic Methods of Making Price
5.3. Choice of Currency
5.4. Commission and Discount
5.5. Conversion of Price and Profit and Loss

6.   Transportation of International Goods
6.1. Ocean Transportation
6.2. Container Transportation
6.3. Railway Transportation
6.4. Air Transportation
6.5. International Parcel Post Transportation
6.6. International Multimodal Transportation and Land Bridge Transport
6.7. Other Method of Transportation

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7.   Terms of Shipment and Shipping Documents
7.1. Terms of Shipment in the Contract
7.2. Shipping Documents

8.   Insurance of International Goods Transportation
8.1. Survey of International Goods Transportation Insurance
8.2. Guarantee Range of Ocean Goods Transportation Insurance
8.3. Items of Ocean Cargo Insurance of London Insurance Association Ocean Cargo
8.4. Other Chinese Cargo Transportation Insurance
8.5. Terms of Insurance in the Contract
8.6. Practice of Cargo Transportation Insurance

9.   Bills of Payment
9.1. The Overview of Bills
9.2. Bills of Exchange
9.3. Cheque

10. Remittance and Collection
10.1. Remittance
10.2. Collection
10.3. Uniform Rules for Collection

11. Letter of Credit
11.1. The Meaning and Nature of Letter of Credit
11.2. The Parties of Letter of Credit
11.3. The General Procedure of Letter of Credit
11.4. The Feature and Function of Letter of Credit
11.5. Main Types of Letter of Credit
11.6. The terms of Letter of Credit in the Contract
11.7. UCP500 and ISBP

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12. Other Types of Payment
12.1. Standby Letter of Credit
12.2. International Factoring
12.3. Combination of all kinds of Payment

13. Import and Export Commodity Inspection
13.1. The Function of Commodity Inspection
13.2. The Right of Inspection and Reinspection
13.3. The Time and Place of Inspection
13.4. Inspection Bureau and Inspection Certificate
13.5. The System of Import and Export Commodity Inspection of China

14. Claim 、Force Majeure and Arbitration
14.1. Dispute and Breach of Contract
14.2. Claim
14.3. Force Majeure
14.4. Conciliation and Arbitration

15. Negotiation and Contact Conclusion
15.1. The Method and Content of Negotiation
15.2. The Procedure of Negotiation
15.3. Contact Conclusion

16. Implement of the Contract
16.1. Implement of the Export Contract
16.2. Implement of the Import Contract
16.3. Import Claim and Export Settlement

17. The Way of International Trade

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17.1. Simple Ways of selling

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