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									Selected Characteristics of Baby
 Boomers 42 to 60 Years Old in
 2006


Background

•	 The population born between 1946 and 1964 is commonly referred to as the Baby Boom generation. •	 Distinguishable by a dramatic increase in birth rates following World War II, Baby Boomers now comprise what is seen as one of the largest generations in U.S. history. •	 In 2006, Baby Boomers were ages 42 to 60.

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Background

•	 Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the members of this generation in the present day is essential. •	 The primary purpose of this presentation is to study the current characteristics of Baby Boomers (born between 1946 and 1964) by focusing on the population ages 42 to 60 in 2006. However, some of the current U.S. population ages 42 to 60 presented here is foreign born and was born in other countries during the same period.
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Topics for Discussion About the
 Baby Boomer Population

• • • • Population size Geographic distribution Demographic characteristics Socioeconomic characteristics

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Past, Present and Future

Population Size of Baby Boomers


Baby Boomers by Sex: 1970-2030

Year Number 1970 2000 2006 2030 Percent 1970 2000 2006 2030 Both Sexes 72,376,007 78,310,361 77,980,296 57,793,135 Male 36,369,345 38,679,407 38,275,051 26,054,999 Female 36,006,662 39,630,954 39,705,245 31,738,136

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

50.3 49.4 49.1 45.1

49.7 50.6 50.9 54.9

Note: The data presented here do not exclude the effects of immigration and persons born in other countries living in the United States.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census 1970 and 2000 U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006 U.S. Census Bureau, Population Projections as of July 1, 2008

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Population by Single Year of Age and Sex: 1970
85+ years 80 years 75 years 70 years 65 years 60 years 55 years 50 years 45 years 40 years 35 years 30 years 25 years 20 years 15 years 10 years 5 years Under 1 year
1.8 1.3

AGE

Male

Female

0.8

0.3
Percent

0.3

0.8

1.3

1.8
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census 1970

Population by Single Year of Age and Sex: 2000
85+ years 80 years 75 years 70 years 65 years 60 years 55 years 50 years 45 years 40 years 35 years 30 years 25 years 20 years 15 years 10 years 5 years Under 1 year 1.8 1.3

AGE

Male

Female

0.8

0.3
Percent

0.3

0.8

1.3

1.8
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census 2000

Population by Single Year of Age and Sex: 2030
85+ years 80 years 75 years 70 years 65 years 60 years 55 years 50 years 45 years 40 years 35 years 30 years 25 years 20 years 15 years 10 years 5 years Under 1 year
1.8 1.3

AGE

Male

Female

0.8

0.3
Percent

0.3

0.8

1.3

1.8
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Projections 2008

Geographic Distribution of the
 Baby Boom Population


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Baby Boomer Population by
 Region: 2006

Rank 1 2 3 4 Region South Midwest West Northeast Number of
 Baby Boomers 28,060,126 17,569,066 17,421,670 14,929,434

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006


Top Five States by Baby Boomer
 Population Size: 2006

Rank 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 State California Texas New York Florida Pennsylvania Number of Baby Boomers
 8,992,331
 5,665,790
 5,110,668
 4,652,377
 3,421,875
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates July 1, 2006

Top Five States by Percent Baby
 Boomer Population: 2006

Rank 1 2 3 4 5 State Vermont Maine New Hampshire Montana Connecticut Percent of Baby Boomers 30.1 29.8 29.7 28.7 28.1
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006


Top Five Counties by Baby Boomer
 Population Size: 2006

Rank

1 2 3 4 5

County
Los Angeles County, California
(part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA metro area)

Number of
 Baby Boomers
2,416,110 1,337,165 964,063 875,095 762,119

Cook County, Illinois
(part of the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI metro area)

Harris County, Texas
(part of the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX metro area)

Maricopa County, Arizona
(part of the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ metro area)

Orange County, California
(part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA metro area) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006; December 2005 Office of Management and Budget definitions of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.

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Top Five Counties by Percent Baby Boomer Population: 2006
(Counties with more than 1,000 Baby Boomers in 2006)

Rank
1 2 3 4 5

County
Clear Creek County, Colorado
(part of the Denver-Aurora, CO metro area)

Percent
38.0 37.1 36.6 36.5

Monroe County, Florida
(part of the Key West-Marathon, FL micro area)

Mercer County*, North Dakota Teller County, Colorado
(part of the Colorado Springs, CO metro area)

Gilpin County, Colorado 36.2 (part of the Denver-Aurora, CO metro area) *County is outside of both metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas as of the December 2005 Office of Management and Budget definitions.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006; December 2005 Office of Management and Budget definitions of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.
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Top Five Counties by Baby Boomer
 Growth Rate: 2000 to 2006

(Counties with more than 1,000 Baby Boomers in 2006)

Rank
1 2 3 4 5

County
Flagler County, Florida
(the Palm Coast, FL micro area)

Percent
53.5 31.8 31.1 29.1 27.1
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Lyon County, Nevada
(the Fernley, NV micro area)

Pinal County, Arizona
(part of the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ metro area)

Sumter County, Florida
(The Villages, FL micro area)

Pasco County, Florida
(part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL metro area) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006; December 2005 Office of Management and Budget definitions of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.

2006 Demographic Characteristics
 of Baby Boomers
 from 2006 Population Estimates


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Population Size by Sex: 2006

Age Group Number All Ages Children (0-17 years) Younger Adults (18-41 years) Baby Boomers (42-60 years) Older Adults (61+ years) Percent All Ages Children (0-17 years) Younger Adults (18-41 years) Baby Boomers (42-60 years) Older Adults (61+ years) Both Sexes 299,398,484 73,735,562 99,807,722 77,980,296 47,874,904 Male 147,512,152 37,734,707 50,787,951 38,275,051 20,714,443 Female 151,886,332 36,000,855 49,019,771 39,705,245 27,160,461

100.0 24.6 33.3 26.1 16.0

100.0 25.6 34.4 26.0 14.0

100.0 23.7 32.3 26.1 17.9

Note: The data presented here do not exclude the effects of immigration and persons born in other countries living in the United States.
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Baby Boomers: Age Distribution
•	 In 2006, Baby Boomers age 42 to 60 totaled an estimated 78.0 million and comprised 26.1 percent of the total U.S. population.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Age Distribution: 2006
5.0

4.5

Children (0-17 years)
4.0
Estimate (shown in million s)

3.5 3.0 2.5

Younger Adults (18-41 years) Baby Boomers (42-60 years) Older Adults (61+ years)

2.0 1.5

1.0 0.5

0.0
1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 33 37 41 45 49 53 57 61 65 69 73 77 81 85 89 93 97 101

Age

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Baby Boomers: Sex Ratio
•	 In 2006, the sex ratio for Baby Boomers was 96.4. •	 This means that there were approximately 96 male Baby Boomers per 100 female Baby Boomers.

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Sex Ratios by Single Year of Age:
 2006


110
 100

Sex Ratio

90
 0 80
 70
 60
 50


5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40 Age

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85+

Children (0-17 years) Baby Boomers (42-60 years)


Younger Adults (18-41 years)
 Older Adults (61+ years)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Hispanic Origin: 2006
* Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
93.3

85.2 79.7

89.7 81.9

Percent

Hispanic Not Hispanic

20.3 14.8

18.1 10.3 6.7

Total Population

Children (0-17 years)

Younger Adults (18-41 years)

Baby Boomers (42-60 years)

Older Adults (61+ years)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Racial Composition: 2006
80.1 76.3 78.1 82.2 86.7 11.6 4.3 8.7

Percent

15.4

12.8

13.8 5.3 0.2 4.1 2.9

4.4 0.2

3.3 0.1

1.6

1.5

0.9

0.9

0.6

1.0

1.2

1.1

Total Population

Children (0-17 years)

Younger Adults (18-41 years)

Baby Boomers (42-60 years)

0.1

Older Adults (61+ years)

White alone American Indian and Alaska Native alone Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone

Black alone Asian alone Two or more races

0.7

0.2

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates as of July 1, 2006

Socioeconomic Characteristics
 from the 2006 American
 Community Survey (ACS)

(The following are survey estimates and are subject to sampling and nonsampling error.)

Benefits of Using 2006 ACS Data
•	 Every year, the ACS releases single year estimates for geographic areas containing a population of 65,000 or more. •	 In 2006, the ACS began sampling and collecting data from group quarters (GQ) in addition to housing units.

•	

For more information, please see Using Data from the 2006 American Community Survey at http://www.census.gov/acs/www/UseData/advance_copy_user_guide.pdf

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Living Arrangements: 2006
•	 Living Quarters are classified as either housing units or group quarters. •	 Institutional Group Quarters “include facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration; such as correctional facilities, nursing facilities/ skilled nursing facilities, in-patient hospice facilities, mental (psychiatric hospitals), group homes for juveniles, and residential treatment centers for juveniles.” •	 Noninstitutional Group Quarters “include facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers’ group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.”
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http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/2006/usedata/Subject_Definitions.pdf

Living Arrangements: 2006
• In 2006, 1.5 percent of Baby Boomers
 resided in a Group Quarters facility.
 •	 Of the Baby Boomers living in Group Quarters, 59.5 percent resided in an institutional GQ.

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Living Arrangements: 2006

Group Quarters Living in Group Quarters (percent) institutionalized (percent) noninstitutionalized (percent)

Total Baby Younger Older Adults Population Boomers Adults 18+ years 18-41 years 42-60 years 61+ years 3.5 4.6 1.5 4.2 50.8 33.8 59.5 84.4 49.2 66.2 40.5 15.6

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Marital Status: 2006
65.6 53.2 48.7 42.0 56.3

Percent

26.6 17.0 11.1 6.7 2.4 Total 18 years and over 0.3 6.6 2.4 2.7 3.0 11.7

26.6

10.9 4.9 1.4 Older Adults (61 years and over)

Younger Adults (18-41 years) Now Married Widowed Divorced

Baby Boomers (42-60 years) Separated

Never Married

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Educational Attainment: 2006
33.8 30.7 28.5 24.6
Percent

32.0 29.8 29.8 28.9 28.8 24.9 20.8 20.4

23.3

16.2

14.9 12.5

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years) High school graduate

Baby Boomers (42-60 years) Some College

Older Adults (61 years and over) Bachelor's degree or higher

Less than high school graduate

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Nativity: 2006

15.3

17.8

14.3

11.7

Percent

84.7

82.2

85.7

88.3

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years) Native

Baby Boomers (42-60 years) Foreign Born

Older Adults (61 years and over)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Disability Status: 2006
(Civilian noninstitutionalized population)
92.3 82.9 83.3

62.2
Percent

37.8

17.1 7.7

16.7

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years) With any disability

Baby Boomers (42-60 years) No disability

Older Adults (61 years and over)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Civilian Veterans: 2006
23.4

Percent

10.4

10.9

3.8

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years)

Baby Boomers (42-60 years)

Older Adults (61 years and over)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Employment Status: 2006
77.9 74.1 71.5

61.8

Percent

Employed Unemployed Armed forces Not in labor force
33.8

21.6

22.4

21.2

4.0 0.4

6.0 0.9 3.3 0.1 0.8 0.0

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years)

Baby Boomers (42-60 years)

Older Adults (61 years and over)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Selected Household Income*: 2006
Note: The age data refer to the age of the householder for the estimates of households. * In the past 12 months in 2006 inflation-adjusted dollars

96.1 80.3
Percent

91.8

83.2 47.2

41.6 26.8 17.4 8.1 Total 18 years and over With Earnings 3.3 2.2 11.1 10.4 11.3 6.9

5.7 Older Adults (61 years and over)

Younger Adults (18-41 years) With Social Security Income

Baby Boomers (42-60 years) With Retirement Income

With Food Stamps

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Baby Boomers: Poverty Status

•	 ACS determines poverty status by comparing a person’s total family income in the last 12 months with the poverty threshold appropriate with that family size and composition. If family income is below the appropriate threshold, the person and/or family members are considered to be below the poverty level.
•	 Please refer to ACS 2006 Subject Definitions documentation at: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/2005/usedata/Subj ect_Definitions.pdf
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Poverty: 2006
(Population for whom poverty status is determined)

14.7 11.6 8.9
Percent

9.7

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years)

Baby Boomers (42-60 years)

Older Adults (61 years and over)

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Housing Tenure: 2006
(Occupied Housing units)

32.7 50.2
Percent

25.0

20.8

67.3 49.8

75.0

79.2

Total 18 years and over

Younger Adults (18-41 years) Owner-occupied housing units

Baby Boomers (42-60 years)

Older Adults (61 years and over)

Renter-occupied housing units

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006 American Community Survey (ACS)

Highlights of Baby Boomer
 Characteristics

•	 Baby Boomers still comprise a large portion of the U.S. population. Over one-fourth of the total U.S. population in 2006 was between ages 42 and 60.

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Highlights of Baby Boomer
 Characteristics

• In 2006, the majority of Baby Boomers:

– reported race as White and ethnicity as non-Hispanic – are currently married – reported having some college or higher
 – are currently employed and working

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Estimates and Projections Data

For more information about the Estimates and Projections data please go to: • Population Estimates http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.html
 • Population Projections http://www.census.gov/population/www/projectio ns/index.html

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Quality of ACS Survey Data

For more information about the ACS sampling methodology and design, response rates, coverage and accuracy of the data please go to:
•	 US Census Bureau Design and Methodology: American Community Survey (Technical Paper 67)

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/index.html
•	 2006 Data Users Handbook: American Community Survey

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/Handbo ok2006.pdf
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For More Information Visit
Web:
 www.census.gov
 Age Data:
 http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/age/


Age and Special Populations Branch
 Population Division
 U.S. Census Bureau
 Washington D.C.
 Email: carrie.a.werner@census.gov

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