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					GigaPort en SURFnet6


            Erik-Jan Bos
    Director of Network Services
     SURFnet, The Netherlands

         SURFnet Relatiedagen
      Nieuwegein, December 9, 2004
Contents


• SURFnet


• GigaPort and GigaPort Next Generation Network


• Networks for Research:
   – The way to SURFnet6
   – External connectivity


• Research on Networks
SURFnet


 Provides the Dutch National Research Network
 Not for profit company, 55 employees
 100% subsidiary of Stichting SURF
 170 connected organizations, 750.000 users
 Turnover (2003): 30 M€
 Infrastructure services:
   – innovation paid for by government
   – cost effective exploitation for higher education and research
History of the SURFnet infrastructure
                                                                          SURFnet5
 100 Gbit/s
                                                                          20 Gbit/s


 10 Gbit/s                                                   SURFnet4
                                                             155 Mbit/s

   1 Gbit/s


                                                 SURFnet4
 100 Mbit/s                                      34 Mbit/s


 10 Mbit/s                           SURFnet3
                                      2 Mbit/s

   1 Mbit/s
                        SURFnet2
 100 kbit/s              64 kbit/s

               SURFnet1
               9,6 kbit/s
   10 kbit/s


                 1987       1989       1992        1995        1997         2001
Lesson: Transport in metal and glass

      • Electrons in a metal wire (e.g. Cu):
         – Spin ½, Fermi-Dirac statistics (Fermions)
         – Collisions: resistance and hampered “flow”
         – Very suitable for light bulbs and toasters




      • Fotons in a glass wire (fiber):
         – Spin 1, Bose-Einstein statistics (Bosons)
         – No collisions, zero resistance and unlimited flow
         – “Superconductors” for data
Laying of fiber near/at Science Park Amsterdam




                     Pictures by Yuri Demchenko
Current network: SURFnet5


                            • Partners BT and Cisco

                            • 15 PoPs connected by
                              thirty 10 Gbit/s lambdas

                            • Dual stack IPv4 and IPv6
                              since 2001

                            • More than 135 institutes
                              connected at Gbit/s level
   External Connectivity

                                    European Research
                                        Networks                     Private peerings



Other Research                                                               ISPs
   Networks
                                    2.5 Gbit/s     10 Gbit/s
                                                                       4.6 Gbit/s
                       2.5 Gbit/s

                                                                  1 Gbit/s
                         1 Gbit/s                                 1 Gbit/s
                                                                  1 Gbit/s


                                                                                        ISPs
                                        2X           3X
                                        1 Gbit/s     1 Gbit/s
                 Cable & Wireless
                                                         Global Crossing

                               “Rest of the world”
Traffic growth

                       SURFnet customer traffic: Monthly volume

                       1800
                       1600
     Tbyte per month




                       1400
                       1200
                       1000
                        800
                        600
                        400
                        200
                          0
                         fe 1
                         de 0
                           -1 9




                          ju 3
                         au 98




                                  04
                        ar 8




                         no 3
                                  00




                         ap 2
                        ay 9




                         se 2
                                l-0
                                00
                       O 199




                                  0
                               r-0
                       M g-9




                                  0
                                 0
                       M 99




                              v-
                              n-




                              n-
                              c-




                              p-
                              b-
                            ju
                            -2
                          ja


                            -
                        ct




                                          Month & year


    1600 Tbyte/maand ≈ 1 CD-ROM/seconde
Paradigm shift

                                              Lambdas
                                                        SURFnet6 network




                            DWDM              SURFnet5 network

                  POS     SURFnet4 network




          ATM                                      GigaPort
             SURFnet4 project      GigaPort     Next Generation

           1995             1999              2003            2008

Next generation is not a simple extrapolation of current networks
GigaPort Next Generation Network

 Research networking as innovation engine between
  research and market introduction of new services

 GigaPort NG Network (2004-2008)
    Consortium of 50 Dutch research
     organizations
    Government grant 40 M€
    Project started January 1st, 2004
    Builds on GigaPort project ended
     in 2003
    Partnership with industry
VLBI at JIVE in Dwingeloo, NL today
eEVN: European VLBI Network
                    Data processing
                    centre:
                    16 Gbps (2005)                                        Russia
                    1 Tbps (2010)

China


USA

                                                      asymmetric
                                                        star topology
                      1-30
                      Gbps




  South
  Africa

           This slide courtesy of Richard Schilizzi <schilizzi@jive.nl>
LOFAR as a Sensor Network
                                                       LOFAR is a large distributed
                                                       research infrastructure:
                                                            Astronomy:
                                                              –   >100 phased array stations
                                                              –   Combined in aperture synthesis array
                                                              –   13,000 small “LF” antennas
                                                              –   13,000 small “HF” tiles
                                                            Geophysics:
                                                              – 18 vibration sensors per station
                                                              – Infrasound detector per station
                                                            >20 Tbit/s generated digitally
                                                            >40 Tflop/s supercomputer
                                                            innovative software systems
                                                              –   new calibration approaches
                                                              –   full distributed control
                                                              –   VO and Grid integration
                                                              –   datamining and visualisation
eInfrastructures Workshop – Den Haag CMV/2004/11/18
                                                      Slide courtesy of Marco de Vos (LOFAR)
Why Lambda Services?


• Lambdas form an excellent basis for IP networking
• Researchers are interested in lambdas


• Provides excellent quality on point-to-point
  connections at very high speed
• Protects the routed network
• Enables demanding applications to make use of the
  infrastructure in an economically sound way
SURFnet6 overview


 A hybrid optical and packet switching infrastructure
 Based on customer-owned managed dark fiber
 Native IPv4, IPv6 and Light Path Provisioning over a
  single transmission infrastructure
   – Managed via a single control plane
   – Network nodes reduced from 20 routed locations to 2 routed
     locations


       Paving the way to a ubiquitous and scalable
                      Services Grid
Timelines SURFnet6
SURFnet’s new Industry Partners (2004-2010)


                            Leader of the consortium
                            Optical equipment
                            Ethernet equipment
                            Network management equipment



                          Routing equipment



                          Installation services
                          Maintenance services
SURFnet6 on dark fiber

                          SURFnet6 will be entirely
                           based on SURFnet owned
                           managed dark fiber via the
                           customer premises

                          Over 5300 km fiber pairs
                           available today; average price
                           paid for 15 year IRUs:
                           < 6 €/meter per pair

                          Managed dark fiber
                           infrastructure will be extended
                           with new routes, to be ready
                           for SURFnet6
SURFnet6: IP Services


 IPv4 and IPv6 connectivity
   – Unicast
   – Multicast
 1 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet connections
 Small routed IP core in Amsterdam at two separate
  locations
 Congestion-free via overprovisioning
 Resilient
SURFnet6: IP network implementation
                    SURFnet6 Border Routers
                                                                   SURFnet6
                                                Avici
                                                SSR               Core Routers
    External          Avici
IP connectivity       SSR                                Avici
                                   Avici                 SSR         10 GE
                                   SSR
                                                                      Nortel
                      10 GE                              Nortel      OM 5000
                                            Nortel       OME
                                Nortel     OM 5000       6500
                                OME
                                6500
                                                                    SURFnet6
                                                                                         Nortel
             1 GE                                             Common Photonic Layer     OM 5000
 1 Gigabit
 Ethernet              Nortel
 Customer              OME                                                             Nortel     10 Gigabit
                       6500                                                           Passport
                                                                                        8600
                                                                                                  Ethernet
             CPE                           Nortel
                                                                                                  Customer
                                                                   Nortel
                                           OME
                                                                   OME
                                           6500
                                                                   6500
                                                                                 10 GE
   SURFnet infrastructure
                                                        CPE           1 GE
   Non-SURFnet
SURFnet6: Light Path Provisioning


Lambdas:
 enable layer 1/2 end-to-end Light Paths


Light paths:
 provide excellent quality on point-to-point
  connections at very high speed (1-10G)
 not constrained by traditional framing, routing, and
  transport protocols
 are becoming integral part of scientific instruments
 enable creation of Optical Private Networks (OPN)
  SURFnet6: Light Path Provisioning implementation
                                      Amsterdam          Optical
                   Nortel             10 GE              Switch
         GLIF      HDXc
                                                              16x16
                                                              MEMS
                                        16x16
                                        MEMS
                              10 GE               10 GE LAN
                                              Nortel      Nortel
                                              OME         OME
                                              6500        6500
International
 Light Paths
                                                                   SURFnet6
                                                         Common Photonic Layer

                            Nortel
                   1 GE     OME                                           Nortel
                            6500                                          OME         Customer
                                                                          6500
                                                                                      equipment
                Customer
                equipment
                                                                              10 GE
     SURFnet infrastructure             End-to-End Light Path
     Non-SURFnet
Photonic XC enables dynamic lambda networking

      • A patch panel, like a telephone
        switchboard…




     Control
      plane


      … but automated…
NetherLight: Open Optical Exchange


               Open Optical Exchange in Amsterdam
                  – Operational since January 2002
                  – Built and operated by SURFnet
               Nortel Networks HDXc at the centre
               Full duplex 640G non-blocking cross-
                connect capability
               GE grooming, GE switch for access to
                clusters

 Experiments with Light Path provisioning in a multi-
  domain environment, successful demo at SC04
NetherLight 2004

                                                                             Stockholm
           Chicago                                                          NorthernLight
                                 SURFnet
                                 10 Gbit/s         10 Gbit/s

                                                               2.5 Gbit/s
                             NSF
                           10 Gbit/s
           SURFnet                           Amsterdam
New York   10 Gbit/s
                                                                                  Dwingeloo
                                                                                 ASTRON/JIVE
MANLAN                                                           DWDM
           IEEAF                                                SURFnet
           10 Gbit/s


                         10 Gbit/s                SURFnet      10 Gbit/s
                                                  10 Gbit/s


               London                         Geneva                 Prague
               UKLight                        CERN                  CzechLight
   Global Lambda Integrated Facility




www.glif.is             Visualization courtesy of
                        Bob Patterson, NCSA.
SURFnet6 research & applications


• Research on Networks subproject of GigaPort NG
   – Industry Partner, research institutes (UvA, TNO Telecom,
     Telematica Instituut)
   – Research on: Optical Networking, High Performance Routing & Switching,
     Management & Monitoring, Grids & Access, Testing Methodology

• SURFworks Next Generation
   – Develops advanced middleware and applications for research and
     higher education community
   – Focus on development of authentication, directories, security and
     multimedia
• Research projects that depend on advanced networks
   – E.g. VL-E, LOFAR, DAS3, VL-N, eVLBI/JIVE
 Conclusion

 Users need new services that current networks cannot
  support

 Telecommunication infrastructures will become part of
  the Grid and will be integrated in scientific instruments

 Hybrid networks delivering IP and Lambda Services can
  meet user demand within budget constraints

 SURFnet6 will enable advanced multimedia collaboration
  and applications, and the use of Grid technology in
  research
Thank you



                 bos@surfnet.nl


              http://www.surfnet.nl/
             http://www.gigaport.nl/
            http://www.netherlight.net/
                http://www.glif.is/
Back-up slide(s)
Common Photonic Layer (CPL) in SURFnet6
                                                                                                                     Groningen1

                                  Middenmeer1         Harlingen              Leeuwarden                                                          IBG1 & IBG2
                                                                                                                  Assen1               Beilen1
                                  Den Helder
                                                                                   Dwingeloo1
                                                                                                                     Beilen1                     Emmen1
                                                                  Subnetwork 4:
                                                                                                                 Hoogeveen1
                                            Emmeloord                 Purple
                                                                                                                    Meppel1
                                                                       Lelystad2
                                                                                                BT                          NLR

                                                                                          DLO
                              Alkmaar1                                                               NLR
                                                                                                            Zwolle1
                                                                                    Lelystad1                                              BT
                     Haarlem1                                           BT
                                                        Amsterdam1
                                                  Amsterdam2
                                                                                     Subnetwork 3:
                                                                                          Red
                     Leiden1                                                                                        Apeldoorn1
                                                                                                                                       3XLSOP
                                                                                                                                                 Enschede1
                                                          Breukelen1     Hilversum1                                    Arnhem
      Subnetwork 1:
          Green                                    Schiphol-Rijk

                                                                                                                                                  Zutphen1
                   DenHaag
                                                                             Utrecht1                  Wageningen1         Nijmegen1

                                         Rotterdam4

                         Delft1                                                                      Ede
                                      Rotterdam1
                                                                                   Nieuwegein1
                                                                                                                                  Venlo1
                     Bergen-op-
                                      Dordrecht1
                                                                                Den Bosch1                                                 Subnetwork 5:
                       Zoom                                                                                                                    Grey
           Zierikzee
                                         Breda1   Subnetwork 2:                    Eindhoven1

            Middelburg
                                                    Dark blue                                                                     Heerlen1
                                                                                        Maasbracht1

                                                   Tilburg1                                                                           Heerlen1
                 Vlissingen    Krabbendijke
                                                                                   Maastricht1
                                                                                                       Geleen1       Heerlen2
Subnetwork 1: Green


 Band1   Amsterdam1   Utrecht1                 Amsterdam2   Band1



 Band2   Amsterdam1                            Amsterdam2   Band2



 Band3   Amsterdam1     Delft1                 Amsterdam2   Band3



 Band4   Amsterdam1              DenHaag1      Amsterdam2   Band4



 Band6   Amsterdam1                  Leiden1   Amsterdam2   Band6



 Band9   Amsterdam1   Hilversum1               Amsterdam2   Band9
Groningen1 PoP infrastructure
Optical Private Network (OPN)
                 AMS2
                  #11
                                          10G
                          AMS2
                           #13              10G             AMS2                         AMS1                      AMS1
                                                         Centerstage                                   10G
                                                10G                                   Centerstage                   #11
                                 AMS2
                                OME #22               10G                                      10G

                                                   AMS2                                              AMS1
                                                                           10G
                                                  OME #23                                           OME #23

                     10G DWDM
                                                                                    1*GE
                                                                                 Unprotected
                                                     1*GE
                                     Zwolle                                                1*GE
                                                  Unprotected
                                                                  DLO                   Unprotected
                                                                Lelystad
    10G DWDM
               10G DWDM
                                                                     1*GE
                                                      Leiden1
                                                                  Unprotected
                                                                                     WUR
                                                                                     Lisse



                                    Den Haag                                                                       10G DWDM

                                                                                                              10G DWDM
                                     1*GE
                                   Protected                                 WUR1
          10G DWDM                                                          Wageningen

                                      LEI
                                    DenHaag                                    1*GE
                                                                             Protected

                                                                            Wageningen1
GLIF: Global Lambda Integrated Facility


 Established at the 3rd LambdaGrid Workshop, August
  2003 in Reykjavik, Iceland
 Collaborative initiative among worldwide NRENs,
  institutions and their users
 A world-scale Lambda-based Laboratory for
  application and middleware development
GLIF vision:
    To build a new grid-computing paradigm, in which the central
     architectural element is optical networks, not computers, to
     support this decade’s most demanding E-science
     applications.

				
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