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Driver training package.docx - Driver Simulators

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					                                     Driver training package

Here's a description of the lessons for driver training that are currently available. The basic
driving lessons cover all basics like starting the engine, gear shifting, scanning strategies etc.
These are essentially procedure training lessons. Most driving simulators offer mainly this type
of lessons and ofcourse they are included in our simulators as well. After that, the emphasis is on
traffic participation and learning traffic insight. The following pictures show a left-hand driving
system with traffic signs and rules of the road for Ireland.




There are a couple of city driving lessons that teach the trainee to drive in a complex traffic
environment with different types of intersections and roundabouts. This is followed by driving
on highways and motorways with complex intersections and large roundabouts. After that there's
a series of lessons in which various aspects of driving are practiced in a mixture of traffic
environments: rural area, city area, highway, single and dual carriageways etc. And finally there
is a series of examination lessons.
The following table gives an overview of the lessons that are currently available.

Name          Description                            Type        Instruction Feedback Evaluation
B1            Starting, driving off, Stopping,       Procedure   x           x        x
              Turn off engine                        training
B2Instruction Steeringmethods                        Procedure   x
                                                     training
B2            Steering                               Procedure   x           x       x
                                                     training
B3           Come to a full stop right behind        Procedure   x           x       x
             stationary cars: learn the braking      training
             distance at different speeds and
             precise braking to a full stop
B4           Responding to braking lead              Procedure   x           x       x
             vehicles that are varying their         training
             speed: learn to brake accurately
             when lead vehicle brakes at
             different decelerations
B5           Gear shifting according to the eco      Procedure    x          x       x
             driving concept                         training
PracticeArea Practicing of gear sfifting, steering   Free driving
             etc.
B6    Visual scanning techniques when            Procedure    x    x   x
      approaching                                training
      junctions: turning left, right and
      driving straight ahead
B7    A drive in which the trainee learns:       Traffic       x   x   x
      giving right of way, speed limits,         participation
      priority and stop signs, oneway
      roads approaching normal and
      priority junctions
B8    Procedures for passing stationary          Procedure     x   x   x
      cars and overtaking                        training
B9    A drive in which the trainee learns:       Traffic       x   x   x
      passing and overtaking, giving             participation
      right of way, speed limits, priority
      and stop signs, oneway roads,
      approaching normal and priority
      junctions
C10   A drive in a city with a lot of            Traffic       x   x   x
      traffic, all kinds of right-of-way         participation
      situations, local speed limits, traffic
      lights, stopsigns, zebracrossings,
      shopping areas, car-following,
      driving on oneway roads
C11   A drive in a city with a lot of            Traffic       x   x   x
      traffic, miniroundabouts, right-of-        participation
      way situations, speed limits, traffic
      lights, stopsigns, zebracrossings,
      car following
D12   A drive on a highway with high             Traffic       x   x   x
      traffic density, filtering in, filtering   participation
      out, traffic that filters in,
      overtaking, traffic that overtakes,
      car following, unexpected traffic
      jams
      and shockwaves
D13   A drive on single lane motorroads          Traffic       x   x   x
      and large roundabouts: crossing            participation
      motorroads without central
      reservation, filtering on highways,
      lane choice
D14   A drive on dual carriageways and           Traffic       x   x   x
      complex intersections: lane choice,        participation
      getting in lane, crossing motorways
      with central reservation, speed
              limits, filtering on highways
D15           A drive on a highway with fog and      Traffic       x          x          x
              unexpected fog banks: shockwaves       participation
              and unexpected traffic jams: choice
              of safe speed and headway
E16           Review lesson city, motorroads,        Traffic                  x          x
              highway, rural roads: a drive on all   participation
              road types
E17           Review lesson city, motorroads,        Traffic                  x          x
              highway, rural roads: a drive on all   participation
              road types
E18           Review lesson city, motorroads,        Traffic                  x          x
              highway, rural roads: a drive on all   participation
              road types
E19           Review lesson city, motorroads,        Traffic                  x          x
              highway, rural roads: a drive on all   participation
              road types
E20           Review lesson city, motorroads,        Traffic                  x          x
              highway, rural roads: a drive on all   participation
              road types
Ex21          Examination training city,             Traffic                             x
              motorroads, highway, rural roads: a    participation
              drive on all road types
Ex22          Examination training city,             Traffic                             x
              motorroads, highway, rural roads: a    participation
              drive on all road types
Ex23          Examination training city,             Traffic                             x
              motorroads, highway, rural roads: a    participation
              drive on all road types
Ex24          Examination training city,             Traffic                             x
              motorroads, highway, rural roads: a    participation
              drive on all road types
Ex25          Examination training city,             Traffic                             x
              motorroads, highway, rural roads: a    participation
              drive on all road types




                               Effectiveness of the driving simulator

Normally, in the Dutch situation, 35 to 45 lessons in a car on the road, supervised by a qualified
driving instructor are needed before the first driving examination. But after a selection of 6 to 8
hours of our simulatorlessons, the number of supervised on-road lessons can be reduced
substantially. This demonstrates that the simulatortraining is highly effective. Because of this
effectiveness, costs are substantially lower compared to traditional driver training. Also the
training period can be reduced substantially. This enables driving schools to use another driver
training model, in which theory lessons are followed by simulorlessons and at the end of the
training period lessons in a real car on the road. Because one instructor can handle up to four
simulators simulaneously, more students can be trained in the same time.

Most simulators can only be used during the first lessons of driver training when basic
procedural skills are teached, like learning to change gear, starting the engine etc. But in our
simulators the focus is on traffic participation, traffic rules, learning to recognise and handle
traffic signs in realistic high-density traffic situations. And these are precisely the skills that
require most time to learn during practice lessons on the road. Training in our simulators is then
much more effective compared to tradition in-car training. There are a number of reasons for
that:

      The lessons have been developed in a way that effectively teach the required behaviour.
       During the lessons, the simple traffic situations are treated first, but as the lessons
       progress traffic situations become more complex. This results in faster recognition of
       situations and hazards and in a faster response to these. On the roads, typically a
       multitude of different things require attention resulting in attentional overload of
       beginning students. They have to attend to, and do, a number of things simultaneously
       while they don't have the skills for that yet. Because of that, traditional training on the
       road is not as effective compared to training in a simulator. In the simulator skills are
       trained in a way that avoids overloading the student.
      During a typical traditional on-road lesson, learning moments occur more or less
       randomly. The presentation of learning situations depends on coincidental occurrences of
       traffic and the route. In the simulator lessons, however, a lot of situations with high
       learning value are encountered in a guaranteed way. Because of this, a simulator lesson
       has a guaranteed effectiveness for each student.
      The simulator applies an advanced 'virtual instructor' and student assessment system. The
       virtual instructor evaluates the behaviour of the student continuously. It immediately
       gives feedback when the student commits an error. This fast and systematic feedback
       increases the speed at which the student learns to drive properly. After each lesson the
       student assessment system generates a detailed report about the strong and weak points.
      In a simulator the student trains in a safe environment with no stress. The consequences
       of committing an error in a simulator are much less serious than in a real car. This results
       in more relaxed learning: people learn better when they are more relaxed and feel safe.
      Most students like driving in our simulators. This is motivating and enhances learning to
       drive.

				
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posted:5/1/2013
language:English
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