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6a

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									Table 6a. Women in Parliament
                                                                               Last update: December 2012
                                Percentage of parliamentary seats in Single or Lower chamber occupied by
                                                                 women

Country or area                 2000      2005       2007      2008      2009      2010     2011    2012

Afghanistan                       ...      ...        27         28       28        28        28     27.7
Albania                            5       ...         7          7        7        16        16     15.7
Algeria                            3        6          7          8        8         8         8     31.6
Andorra                            7       29         29         25       36        36        50       50
Angola                            16       15         15         15       37        39        39           …
Antigua and Barbuda                5       11         11         11       11        11        11     10.5
Argentina                         27       34         35         40       42        39        37     37.4
Armenia                            3        5          9          9        8         9         9     10.7
Australia                         22       25         25         27       27        25        25     24.7
Austria                           27       34         32         33       28        28        28     27.9
Azerbaijan                        12       11         11         11       11        16        16       16
Bahamas                           15       20         12         12       12        12        12     13.2
Bahrain                           ...       0          3          3        3         3        10       10
Bangladesh                         9        2         15 a       ... b    19        19        19     19.7
Barbados                          11       13         13         10       10        10        10       10
Belarus                            5       29         29         29       32        32        32     26.6
Belgium                           23       35         35         35       35        39        39       38
Belize                             7        7          7          0        0         0         0      3.1
Benin                              6        7          8         11       11        11         8      8.4
Bhutan                             2        9          3          9        9         9         9      8.5
Bolivia                           12       19         17         17       17        25        25     25.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina            29       17         14         12       12        17        17     21.4
Botswana                          17       11         11         11        8         8         8      7.9
Brazil                             6        9          9          9        9         9         9      8.6
Bulgaria                          11       22         22         22       21        21        21     20.8
Burkina Faso                       8       12         12         15       15        15        15     15.3
Burundi                           14       31         31         31       31        32        32     30.5
Cambodia                           7       10         10         10       21        21        21     20.3
Cameroon                           6        9         ...        14       14        14        14     13.9
Canada                            20       21         21         21       22        22        25     24.7
Cape Verde                        11       11         15         18       18        18        21     20.8
Central African Republic           7       ...        11         11       11        10        13     12.5
Chad                               2        7          7          5        5         5        13     12.8
Chile                             11       13         15         15       15        14        14     14.2
China                             22       20         20         21       21        21        21     21.3
Colombia                          12       12          8          8        8         8 c      13     12.1
Comoros                           ...       3          3          3        3         3         3           3
Congo                             12        9         ...         7        7         7         7      7.4
Costa Rica                        19       35         39         37       37        39        39     38.6
Cote d'Ivoire                           ...   9      9     9     9     9        9    11
Croatia                                 21    22    22    21    21    24       24   23.8
Cuba                                    28    36    36    43    43    43       43   45.2
Cyprus                                  7     16    14    14    14    13       11   10.7
Czech Republic                          15    17    16    16    16    22       22    22
Democratic People's Republic of Korea   20    20    20    20    16    16       16   15.6
Democratic Republic of the Congo        ...   12     8     8     8     8       …     8.9
Denmark                                 37    37    37    38    38    38       39   39.1
Djibouti                                0     11    11    14    14    14       14   13.8
Dominica                                ...   10    13    19    19    19       13   12.5
Dominican Republic                      16    17    20    20    20    21       21   20.8
Ecuador                                 15    16    25    25    32    32       32   32.3
Egypt                                   2     3      2     2     2     2 d     …      2
El Salvador                             ...   11    17    17    19    19       19   26.2
Equatorial Guinea                       5     18    18     6    10    10       10    10
Eritrea                                 15    22    22    22    22    22       22    22
Estonia                                 18    19    22    21    21    23       20   19.8
Ethiopia                                ...   ...   22    22    22    28       28   27.8
Fiji                                    ...   9     ...   ...   ...    0 e     …      …
Finland                                 37    38    42    42    42    40       43   42.5
France                                  11    12    19    18    18    19       19   26.9
Gabon                                   9     9     13    17    17    15       15   15.8
Gambia                                  2     13     9     9     9     8        8    7.5
Georgia                                 7     9      9     6     5     7        7    6.6
Germany                                 31    33    32    32    33    33       33   32.9
Ghana                                   9     11    11    11     8     8        8    8.3
Greece                                  ...   13    13    15    17    17       17    21
Grenada                                 27    27    27    13    13    13       13   13.3
Guatemala                               9     8      8    12    12    12       …    13.3
Guinea                                  9     19    19    19    ...    0 e,f   …      …
Guinea-Bissau                           8     14    14    14    10    10       10    10
Guyana                                  19    31    29    29    30    30       …    31.3
Haiti                                   ...   4      4     4     4     4 e      4    4.2
Honduras                                9     6     23    23    23    18       18   19.5
Hungary                                 8     9     10    11    11     9        9    8.8
Iceland                                 35    30    32    33    43    43       43   39.7
India                                   9     8      8     9    11    11       11    11
Indonesia                               8     11    11    12    18    18       18   18.2
Iran (Islamic Republic of)              3     4      4     3     3     3        3    3.1
Iraq                                    8     32    26    26    26    25       25   25.2
Ireland                                 12    13    13    13    13    14       15   15.1
Israel                                  13    15    14    14    18    19       19    20
Italy                                   11    12    17    21    21    21       21   21.6
Jamaica                                 13    12    12    13    13    13       13   12.7
Japan                              7     7      9      9     11    11     11   10.8
Jordan                             0     6      6      6      6    11     11   10.8
Kazakhstan                         10    10    10     16     16    18     18   24.3
Kenya                              4     7      7      9     10    10     10    9.8
Kiribati                           5     5      7      4      4     4      9    8.7
Kuwait                             0     2      3 g    3 h    8     8      8    6.3
Kyrgyzstan                         2     3      0     26     26    23     23   23.3
Lao People's Democratic Republic   21    23    25     25     25    25     25    25
Latvia                             17    21    19     20     20    20     21    23
Lebanon                            2     5      5      5      3     3      3    3.1
Lesotho                            4     12    24     25     24    24     24   25.8
Liberia                            8     5     13     13     13    13     …     11
Libya                              ...   5      8      8      8     8     …    16.5
Liechtenstein                      4     24    24     24     24    24     24    24
Lithuania                          18    22    25     23     18    19     19   19.1
Luxembourg                         17    23    23     23     20    20     20    25
Madagascar                         8     7      7      8     ...   13     13   17.5
Malawi                             8     14    14     13     21    21     21   22.3
Malaysia                           10    9      9     11     11    10     10   10.4
Maldives                           6     12    12     12      7     7      7    6.5
Mali                               12    10    10     10     10    10     10   10.2
Malta                              9     9      9      9      9     9      9    8.7
Marshall Islands                   3     3      3      3      3     3     …      3
Mauritania                         4     4     18     22     22    22     22   22.1
Mauritius                          8     17    17     17     17    19     19   18.8
Mexico                             ...   24    23     23     28    26     26   36.8
Micronesia (Federated States of)   0     0      0      0      0     0      0     0
Monaco                             22    21    21     25     25    26     26    19
Mongolia                           ...   7      7      3      4     4      4   12.7
Montenegro                         ...   ...    9     11      6    11     11   12.3
Morocco                            1     11    11     11     11    11     17    17
Mozambique                         30    35    35     35     35    39     39   39.2
Myanmar                                                                    4     6
Namibia                            25    27    27     27     27    24     24   24.4
Nauru                              ...   0      0      0      0     0      0     0
Nepal                              6     6     17     33     33    33     33   33.2
Netherlands                        36    37    37     39     41    41     39   38.7
New Zealand                        31    28    32     33     34    34     32   32.2
Nicaragua                          10    21    19     19     19    21     40   40.2
Niger                              1     12    12     12     10     0 e   13   13.3
Nigeria                            3     6     ...     7      7     7      4    6.8
Norway                             36    38    38     36     39    40     40   39.6
Oman                               ...   2      2      0      0     0      1    1.2
Pakistan                           ...   21    21     23     23    22     22   22.5
Palau                              0     0      0      0      0      0      0        0
Panama                             10    17    17     17      9      9      9      8.5
Papua New Guinea                   2     1     ...     1      1      1      1      2.7
Paraguay                           3     10    10     13     13     13     13     12.5
Peru                               ...   18    29     29     28     28     22     21.5
Philippines                        11    15    23     21     18     21     22     22.9
Poland                             13    20    20     20     20     20     24     23.7
Portugal                           17    21    21     28     27     27     27     28.7
Qatar                              ...   ...    0      0      0      0      0        0
Republic of Korea                  4     13    13     14     14     15     15     15.7
Republic of Moldova                9     ...   22     22     26     24 e   19     19.8
Romania                            7     11    11      9     11     11     11     11.2
Russian Federation                 8     10    10     14     14     14     14     13.6
Rwanda                             17    49    49     49     56     56     56     56.3
Saint Kitts and Nevis              13    0      0      7      7      7      7      6.7
Saint Lucia                        11    11     6 i   11     11     11     …      16.7
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   5     23    18     18     18     22     17     17.4
Samoa                              8     6      6      8      8      8      4      4.1
San Marino                         13    17    12     12     15     17     17     18.3
Sao Tome and Principe              9     9      7      2      7     18     18     18.2
Saudi Arabia                       ...   0      0      0      0      0      0        0
Senegal                            12    19    22     22     22     23     23     42.7
Serbia                             ...   ...   20     22     22     22     22     32.4
Seychelles                         24    29    24     24     24     24     44     43.8
Sierra Leone                       9     15    15     13     13     13     13     12.9
Singapore                          4     16    25     25     25     23     22     23.5
Slovakia                           14    17    19     19     19     15     16     17.3
Slovenia                           10    12    12     12     13     14     14     32.2
Solomon Islands                    2     0      0      0      0      0      0        0
Somalia                            ...   8      8      8      6      7      7     13.8
South Africa                       30    33    33     33 j   45 j   45 j   45 j   42.3 j
South Sudan                                                                27     26.5
Spain                              28    36    36     36     36     37     36      36
Sri Lanka                          5     5      5      6      6      5      6      5.8
Sudan                              ...   10    18     18     18     26     25     24.6
Suriname                           ...   20    26     26     26     10     10     11.8
Swaziland                          3     11    11     11     14     14     14     13.6
Sweden                             43    45    47     47     47     45     45     44.7
Switzerland                        23    25    25     29     29     29     29     28.5
Syrian Arab Republic               10    12    12     12     12     12     12      12
Tajikistan                         15    18    18     18     18     19     19      19
Thailand                           5     11     9     12     12     13     16     15.8
TFYR of Macedonia                  7     19    28     32     28     33     31     30.9
Timor-Leste                        ...   25    28     29     29     29     29     38.5
Togo                                5     7     9   11   11   11     11     11.1
Tonga                               0     3     3    3    3    0 k    4      3.6
Trinidad and Tobago                 11    19   19   27   27   29     29     28.6
Tunisia                             12    23   23   23   28   28     26     26.7
Turkey                              4     4     9    9    9    9     14     14.2
Turkmenistan                        26    16   16   16   17   17     17     16.8
Tuvalu                              0     0     0    0    0    0      7      6.7
Uganda                              18    24   30   31   31   32     35      35
Ukraine                             8     5     9    8    8    8      8       8
United Arab Emirates                0     0    23   23   23   23     18     17.5
United Kingdom                      18    20   20   20   20   22     22     22.3
United Republic of Tanzania         16    21   30   30   30   31 e   36      36
United States of America            13    15   16   17   17   17 l   17 l    17 l
Uruguay                             12    11   11   12   14   15     15     12.1
Uzbekistan                          7     18   18   18   18   22     22      22
Vanuatu                             0     4     4    4    4    4      2      1.9
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of   29    10   19   19   19   18 e   17      17
Viet Nam                            26    27   26   26   26   26     24     24.4
Yemen                               1     0     0    0    0    0      0      0.3
Zambia                              10    13   15   15   15   14     11     11.5
Zimbabwe                            ...   17   17   13   15   15     15      15
Footnotes
  …   Data not available.

      Bangladesh: In 2004, the number of seats in parliament was raised from 300 to 345, with the addition of 45
  a   reserved seats for women. These reserved seats were filled in September and October 2005, being allocated to
      political parties in proportion to their share of the national vote received in the 2001 election.

      Bangladesh: The parliament was dissolved on 27 October 2006. Women held 52 of the 345 seats (15%) in the
  b
      outgoing parliament.
  c   Refers to data as of 31 January 2010.
  d   Refers to data as of 31 October 2010.
  e   Refers to data as of 31 May 2010.
  f   Guinea: The parliament was dissolved following the December 2008 coup.
      Kuwait: No woman candidate was elected in the 2006 elections. One woman was appointed to the 16-member
  g   cabinet sworn in in July 2006. A new cabinet sworn in in March 2007 included two women. As cabinet ministers
      also sit in parliament, there are two women out of a total of 65 members.
      Kuwait: No woman candidate was elected in the 2008 elections. Two women were appointed to the 16-member
  h   cabinet sworn in in June 2008. As cabinet ministers also sit in parliament, there are two women out of a total of
      65 members.
      Saint Lucia: No woman was elected in the 2006 elections. However one woman was appointed Speaker of the
  i
      House and therefore became a member of the House.


  j
      South Africa: The figures on the distribution of seats do not include the 36 special rotating delegates appointed
      on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats.
      Tonga: No women were elected in 2008, however one woman was appointed to the Cabinet. As cabinet ministers
  k   also sit in parliament, there is one woman out of a total of 32 members.

  l   United States of America: The total refers to all voting members of the House.
Sources:
Inter-Parliamentary Union. Women in National Parliaments. Situation, available from IPU website.
Technical notes:
The percentage of parliamentary seats occupied by women is calculated for the lower chamber in countries with a
bicameral assembly only. The numbers shown reflect changes, if any, after the most recent election prior to those dates,
such as results of by-election or replacements following a parliamentarian's resignation or death.

								
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