Incentive Programmes for Solar Thermal Technology in Thailand _2013_ by gstec

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									     Incentive Programmes for Solar
     Thermal Technology in Thailand

              Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE)
                                                     Thailand’s Ministry of Energy


                          Kulwaree Buranasajjawaraporn
                                                  Director, Innovation Group,
                                        Bureau of Solar Energy Development

Information Workshop : Solar Thermal Technology in Thai Businesses and Industries
                                  5th March 2013
Thailand’s Energy Situation 2011




                                                        2
                               (as of September 2011)
            Alternative Energy Development Plan
      Electricity 1,608 MW    Electricity 1,200 MW



                                                                   Electricity 2,000 MW
                                                                   Heat        100 ktoe
                           25% of RE in total
                         energy consumption in
                               year 2021
Tidal wave 2 MW
Geothermal 1 MW
                                                                       E 9   L/J
                                                                       B 5.97 L/J
                                                                       N 25 L/J
                      Electricity 600 MW
Electricity 160 MW                            Electricity 3,630 MW
                      Heat 1,000 ktoe
Heat 35 ktoe                                  Heat 8,200 ktoe
                         10-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (2012-2021)
                                   Approved by National Energy Policy Commission
                                             the 30th November 2011                   3
                Renewable development strategies
                                                             First period
                     Community                              (2012-2016)

                                                          Target 12.6%

   Research for RE                                       Electricity 13 300 kWh
      Industry                                           Heat 6 976 ktoe
                                        Incentive        Biofuel 7.7 Mlitre/day


                                                          Second period
Public Relation and                                        (2017-2021)
   knowledge
                                   Law and regulation   Target 25%
                                                        Electricity 24 900 kWh
                                                        Heat 9 335 ktoe
                      Infrastructure                    Biofuel 39.97 Mlitre/day



                                                                            4
                             Measures for RE Promotion

       6 Supporting Mechanisms:                             NEW                              Offices giving licenses
        RE-Electricity Generating                      March 2013                            ONEP         ERC            Local
             (5 from MoEN :                        BOI-                                       EIA                        Admin
       1 from Board of Invetment)              Investment
                                                Incentives
                                                                                                       Licenses
                   1
 Support    DEDE       • Renewable energy maps
from the               • Info from demonstration site         Technical support
Ministry               • One-Stop Service Renewable
of Energy              energy potential info                Promotion requesting
                   2
                       • Investment Grant, i.e. solar hot
            DEDE       water, and Solar dryer (i.e. 2012                                    Private
                       25% for SHW, 55% for Solar dryer)
                   3
                                                                                           Investor
                       • “Energy Soft Loan”                                  To raise                          Carbon
            DEDE       Revolving funds for Renewable
                                                                              a loan
                                                                                                                credit
                                                                    Banks
                       energy and energy conservation,                                                           sale
                                                              Capital requesting                                           CDM
                       Energy credit
                   4                                         Registration
            DEDE       • ESCO Venture Capital Fund           for intent
                                                             expression as    Negotiation for     - Firm
                   5                                         per the time     electricity selling - Non Firm
            EPPO       • “Adder” : Feed-in Premiums          specified        & buying
                       Policy , Feed-in Tariff

                                                                         Adder            Electricity
                                                                                                                   Consumers
                                                                                          authorities
                                                                                                                          5
Solar Water Heater Situation in Thailand
                                  Market Survey of Solar Water Heater
                                           by DEDE in 2010


•   48 companies surveyed in 2009
•   37 active , 3 started new, 5 ceased operation
•   24 companies are importers (43% of 40 active companies )
•   Total sales in 2008:
    – 19,400 m2, of which 75% are flat plate, rest tubes
    – 6,068 m2 (3,034 units) sold to households of which 63% are flat
      plate, rest tubes
• Total imports in 2008:
    – 8,368 m2 (4,184 units), of which 60% are evacuated tubes
• 95% of installed systems in households are thermo syphon
  systems

                     Source:   Project on Solar Water Heater Energy Performance and Efficiency,
                               Under the Energy Efficiency Conservation Act.
Potential Demand of Solar Water
Heater




         (Source: GIZ Final Report 2011, Sirikul Prasitpianchai)
Potential Demand of Solar Water
Heater




         (Source: GIZ Final Report 2011, Sirikul Prasitpianchai)
Solar Water Heater
Subsidy Programme




                     10
            Hybrid Solar Hot Water-Waste
                    Heat System


                                  The Sun

                 Free Fuel
                                 Waste Heat
Tap Water



                 Improvement Energy Consumption
                  Efficiency




       RE   EE
                                          Target for solar water heating
                                          promotion
                                                                             Long term
                                                              Ten years RE Energy Development Plan(AEDP)


                                            short term
                                                                            total
                                                                                       2013-     total
  Target / (Year)                 2008     2009    2010   2011   2012       08-12
                                                                                       2022      12-22


                           Plan   5,000    3,000   10,000 10,000 12,000     40,000     25,000 300,000
 Target



 (solar collector area
 (sq.m/Year)              Result 3,973 2,911 10,000 9,879 11,155 36,806                 N/A        N/A




   Giving a financial support to          Subsidy 30% (2008-2012)
    entrepreneurs interested in
                                          Subsidy 25% ,22.5% ,20 %,18.5% (2013 - 2016)
 investment on installation of the
integrated solar hot water system         Subsidy 15% (2017-2022)
                                         Eligibility
A candidate applying for the financial support must:

    1. be a hotel, hospital, or commercial building or factory with
a hot water water use for production or in servicing and wishing
to install an integrated system of solar hot water production

   2. be ready to invest in technology of the alternative or the
clean energy for the overall energy efficiency improvement, and
getting support from executive who has a power to sign a
consent letter in confirmation to join the project;

   3. be a juristic person established by Thai legislation.



    More information: www.solarhotwaterdede.com
                                                                      13
                                              Summarize of Installation
                                                   2008-2012
                                Number of installations : 137
                               Installed capacity : ~36,872 m2

Enterprise   No.     Solar       Total Cost     Subsidy (m2)     Saving         Pay         Pay
                   Collector       (Euro)                      (Euro/year)     back        back
                                                                              period      period
                                                                              (years)     (years)
                                                                              Before       After


Hotel        64     13,335       5,799,417       58,969,923    1,771,879        3.27       2.44
Factory      31     13,164       4,969,825       54,533,847    1,420,155        3.50       2.54
Ranch        7      6,088        1,974,252       26,693,276     611,950         3.23       2.14
Hospital     12     1,449         630,746        6,375,756      163,868         3.85       2.88
School&Un    11     1,967         858,056        8,640,270      231,916         3.70       2.77
iversity
Etc          12      870          403,549        3,879,312      115,724         3.49       2.65
Sum.         137   ~36,872      ~14,635,845     ~159,092,383   ~4,315,492       3.39       2.47

                                                                       Exchange Rate ~40 Bath/1 Euro
                             Installation of Solar Water Heating
                             System under the Subsidy Program
Sq.m
16000



14000



12000



10000



 8000
                                                                        Datenreihen1


 6000



 4000



 2000



    0
        Hotel   Factory   Ranch   Hospital   School&University   Etc.


                                                                               15
                                 Example of Solar Water Heating
                                            System

                       Better Foods Co., Ltd.
Total cost           Subsidy   Solar Collector     Saving            Pay back
 (Euro)               (Euro)        (m2)         (Euro/Year)       period (Years)


   33,119             15,672       139.31          12,836                  2.58

For Cleaning Egg Hatch Trays                                   Waste Heat Source: Boiler
Consumption Need 6,000 L/day




                                                            Exchange Rate ~40 Bath/1 Euro
                                   Example of Solar Water Heating
                                              System
                      Puttachinnarat Hospital
  Total cost          Subsidy   Solar Collector     Saving            Pay back
   (Euro)              (Euro)        (m2)         (Euro/Year)       period (Years)


   54,681              16,369       145.5           13,517                 4.05

Consumption Need 10,560 L/day                            Waste Heat Source: Air conditioning
For patient rooms




                                                                Exchange Rate ~40 Bath/1 Euro
                                  Example of Solar Water Heating
                                             System

                    S P M Feed Mill Co., Ltd.
Total cost          Subsidy      Solar Collector     Saving             Pay back
 (Euro)              (Euro)           (m2)         (Euro/Year)        period (Years)

 181,186            54,853           487.58           51,880                 3.49


For warm the Piggy.                                            Waste Heat Source: Boiler
Consumption Need 125,000 L/day




                                                               Exchange Rate ~40 Bath/1 Euro
                        Solar Water Heating System
                               Testing Center



                          The Department of Alternative
                          Energy Development and Efficiency
                          (DEDE),
                           Ministry of Energy




DEDE has established the solar water heating
system testing center for testing the equipment of
solar water heating system in complianced with
Thai Industrial Standard (TIS 899-2532) and the
European Standard (EN12975).
                                                         19
                             Solar Water Heating System
                                     Test Center




Station 1: Internal Pressure Test

In practical the solar water heating system is needed to be
pumped to circulate water in the system. In this test, water
pressure inside the collector will be increased to test the
collector endurance.
Normally, the collector must be tested in this station for
twice.
        - Firstly, it is tested before other physical tests.
        - Lastly will be done after the last physical test.
                                                               20
                             Solar Water Heating System
                                     Test Center




Station 2: Exposure Test

This test is intended to test the solar collector that esthablished
under the real methodological condition.
                                                              o
     -The solar collector will be installed and aligned the 30 with
horizontal plane at least 3 days
     -The average solar irradiance must more than 14 MJ/m2 while
                                                     o
the ambient temperature and wind speed are about 27 C and
2m/s, respectively.
                                                                      21
                           Solar Water Heating System
                                   Test Center




Station 3: Freezing Resistance Test
Some solar collectors may be used and installed in the low
temperature areas or even exported to cold countries which
lead to the changing of physical endurance of the collector
material.
     - This experimental test will be carried out by
installation the solar collector under the Temperature Cycling
Chamber and the physical test must be taken for 10 cycles.

                                                                 22
                          Solar Water Heating System
                                  Test Center




Station 4: Thermal Shock Test

This thermal shock testing station can simulate that kind of
changing weather which occur in the tropical climate as Thailand.




                                                               23
                              Solar Water Heating System
                                      Test Center




Station 5: Thermal Performance Test
This experimental test is the thermal efficiency test of solar
collector by using the Solar Irradiance Simulator System.
     -The solar irradiance simulator can control those parameters
within the standard conditions.
     - The measured instrument are established to measure and
record all parameters so that they will be used to determine the
thermal efficiency of the collector which is necessary for further
sizing the solar water heating system.
                                                                     24
Solar Thermal Energy Plan
   Thailand 2007-2022
              •   Was founded in January 2008 and is approved from the government
                  since 2009
              •   Promote solar thermal systems in Thailand
              •   Improve the quality
              •   Do joint marketing
Solar         •   Coordinate with the government on subsidy programs for further
                  promotion
Thermal
Association
…THANK YOU…



              27

								
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