Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

abandon (DOC) by vivi07

VIEWS: 170 PAGES: 47

									GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
ABBREVIATIONS

a. = accusative (e.g. a. pers., a. rei = accusative of person, accusative of thing) g. = genitive d. = dative

adj. adv. f. n. tr. intr. inf.

= adjective = adverb = feminine = neuter = transitive = intransitive = infinitive

abandon abate (intr.) abide by ability to the best of one's ability able, I am able to about to, I am about (of numbers) absent, I am absolutely, altogether, quite absurd abuse (verb) (noun) accomplish accurate accuse ( =charge) accused, the accuser, the accustomed, I am acquit add address admiral admire, wonder, am surprised admit, confess, acknowledge advantage advantageous it is advantageous adversary adverse advic e advis e afraid, I am afternoon afterwards not long afterwards ago, long

lei/pw, prodi/dwmi , proi/emai lh/gein (of winds, etc.) e)mme/nw d. su/nesij, decio/thj (- htoj) f. kata\ du/namin du/namai , oi(@o/j te/ ei)mi dunato/j, i)kano/j, oi(o/j te me/llw (fut. inf.) w(j, ma/lista a/)peimi panta/pasi , a)texnw=j, pa/nu, pantelw=j ge/loioj, a/)topoj loidore/w loidori/a e)ktele/w, diapra/ttomai a)kribh/j ai)tia/omai (a. pers., g. rei), kathgore/w (g. pers., a. rei) o( feu/gwn o( diw/kwn ei/)wqa a)polu/w prosti/qhmi prosagoreu/w, parakeleu/omai d. (exhort) nau/arxoj qauma/zw o(mologe/w w)e/leia, to\ su/mferon w)fe/limoj, su/mforoj, lusitelh/j sumfe/rei d., lusitelei= d. e)nanti/oj, e)xqro/j e)nanti/oj, dustuxh/j sumboulh/ sumbouleu/w d., paraine/w d. fobe/omai , de/doika dei/lh u/)steron ou) dia\ makrou=, u/)steron ou) pollw|= pa/lan

1

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
agreement make an agreement aim at allow almost alone also altar ambition ambush amount to (of numbers) ancestor anchor (tr.) (intr.) lie at anchor weigh anchor ancient anger angry, I am answer anticipate apart from appear ( = come on the scene) applaud applause appoint approach archer bow arrow shoot arise ( = happen) arm armament armed, lightly arouse, awaken arrest arrive arrogance arrogant art, craft as as though as , , , as possible ashamed, I am

su/mbasij, sunqh=kai sumbai/nw d., sugxwre/w d. e)fi/emai g., o)re/gomai g. e)a/w, e)pitre/pw d. sxedo/n, mo/non ou) mo/noj kai/ bwmo/j filotimi/a (filo/timoj, filotime/omai ) e)ne/dra (e)nedreu/w) gi/gnesqai pro/gonoj o)rmi/zw o)rmi/zomai o)rme/w ai/)rw palaio/j o)rgh/ o)rgi/zomai d., a)ganakte/w d., di' o)rgh=j e)/xw a. a)pokri/nomai , u(polamba/nw fqa/nw xwri/j g. doke/w, fai/nomai paragi/gnomai e)paine/w, a)naqorube/w e/)painoj, qo/ruboj kaqi/sthmi , ai(re/omai prosxwre/w (with pro/j or ei)j and a. ) toco/thj to/con to/ceuma n. toceu/w a)ni/stamai gi/gnesqai , e)pigi/gnesqai o(pli/zw, kaqopli/zw paraskeuh/, sto/loj (of ships) yilo/j e)gei/rw sullamba/nw a)fikne/omai u/(brij semno/j, u(bristiko/j te/xnh w(j w(sper w(j with superlative ai)sxu/nomai

2

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
ask (a question) ( = request, ask for) assemble (tr.) (intr.)

assembly hold an assembly assert strongly assign, allot associate, an with attack, charge (verb) (noun) attempt (verb) (noun)

attend to (business, etc.) authority, prestige authorities, the avail myself of avenge myself on avoid, flee from awak e (tr.) (intr.) band, company banish barricade, block up base, disgraceful battle (by sea) (by land)

bay, gulf bear, endure beast of burden becoming, fitting it is becoming befall, to before the day before beg begin beginning behind behold benefit (verb) (noun) bequeath besiege

e)rwta/w ai)te/w (a. pers., a. rei) sulle/gw, sugkale/w sune/rxomai e)kklhsi/a e)kklhsi/an poie/w (passive gi/gnesqai ) dii+sxuri/zomai ne/mw e)tai=roj o(mile/w d., suggi/gnomai d. prosba/llw d., e)piti/qemai d., e)mpi/ptw d, prosbolh/ peira/omai , e)pixeire/w d. pei=ra (ton nou=n) prose/xw d. a)ci/wma n. oi( e)n te/lei xra/omai d., a)poxra/omai d. timwre/w (d. of person avenged, a. of person punis hed) timwre/omai a. feu/gw a. e)gei/rw e)gei/romai lo/xoj e)kba/llw (passive e)kpi/ptw ) fra/ttw, e)mfra/ttw ai)sxro/j naumaxi/a ( naumaxe/w) ma/xh, pezomaxi/a (pezomaxe/w) ko/lpoj fe/rw, u(pome/nw zw=|on, qhri/on u(pozu/gion eu)preph/j pre/pei d., prosh/kei d. sumbai/nein, gi/gnesqai , tugxa/nein pro/teron (adv. ), pri/n (adj. ), pro/ (prep. ) h( proterai/a ai)te/w, paraite/omai (both take a pers., a. rei) a/)rxomai (g. or participle) a)rxh/ o/(pisqen g. qea/omai eu)ergete/w eu)ergesi/a (eu)erge/thj benefactor) paradi/dwmi poliorke/w

3

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
betray traitor treachery beware bind bird birth, race of noble birth blame I am to blame blind blockade blood blush boast bold boldness bond booty borrow boundary bread breadth break a treaty battle line naval line breakfast (noun) bribe bring (verb) (noun) (verb) (things) (persons)

back from exile up ( = to rear) across (e.g., a river) build a ship building burn (tr.) (intr.) bury busy with, I am buy call together

prodi/dwmi prodo/thj prodosi/a fula/ttomai , eu)labe/omai de/w o)/rnij (- niqoj) ge/noj n. eu)genh/j ai)tia/omai (a. pers., g. rei) me/mfomai (d. pers., a. rei) e)n ai)ti/# e/)xw a. ai/)tio/j ei)mi tuflo/j e)forme/w d. ai=(ma n. e)ruqria/w kompa/zw tolmhro/j, qrasu/j to/lma, qra/soj n. desmo/j lei/a danei/zomai o(/roj a/)rtoj eu=(roj n. r(h/gnumi lu/w, parabai/nw pararrh/gnumi diekple/w (noun die/kplouj) a/)riston a)ristopoie/omai dw=ron dw/roij pei/qw (passive dwrodoke/w, diafqei/romai ) fe/rw, komi/zw a/)gw kata/gw tre/fw, paideu/w diabiba/zw oi)kodome/w nauphge/w, kataskeu a/zw oi)kodo/mhma n. kai/w kai/omai katoru/ttw, (of the dead) qa/ptw spouda/zw peri/ a. w(ne/omai kale/w sugkale/w (collect)

4

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM galh/nh
calm (noun) (verb) capable of captain (of a ship) captive capture captured, I am care about take care of take care that careful, cautious I am careful careless I am careless carelessness cause of cavalry censure centre certain a certain I am certain certainly chance (noun) (verb) change (noun) (verb) one's mind character charge (verb) (noun) cheat cheer (up) (tr.) (intr.) choose circumstances, in the claim cliff climb cling to clothe clothes cloud coast, shore coast along

prau+/nw (s oothe) i())))))kano/j (with infinitive) loxago/j nau/klhroj, trih/rarxoj ai)xma/lwtoj ai(re/w a)li/skomai me/lei (d. pers., g. rei), e)pimele/omai or e)pime/lomai
g.

e)pimele/omai or e)pime/lomai g. fula/ttomai , e)pimele/omai (each + o/(pwj and fut. indic.) eu)labh/j, e)pimelh/j eu)labe/omai a)melh/j a)mele/w a)me/leia ai/)tioj (adj.) i()(((((pph=j (singular i(ppeu/j) e)pitima/)w d., ye/gw, e)paitia/omai me/son safh/j tij safw=j oi)=da pa/nu ge (in answers) tu/xh, kairo/j ( = opportunity) tugxa/nw, sumbai/nw metabolh/ metaba/llw (tr. and intr.) metagignw/skw, metanoe/w tro/poj, h)/qoj n. or us e poi=oj e)gkale/w (tini/ ti ) see accuse ai)tia, e/)gklhma n. fenaki/zw, e)capata/w qarsu/nw qarse/w ai(re/omai (and compounds), e)kle/gw tou/twn ou/)twj e)xo/ntwn, w(j e)k tw=n paro/ntwn a)cio/w or use oi)=mai dei=n krhmno/j a)nabai/nw, u(perbai/nw e/)xomai g., a)nte/xomai g. a)mfiennumi (tina/ ti ) e)sqh/j (- htoj ) f. nefe/lh, ne/foj n. a)kth/, ai)gialo/j paraple/w

5

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
cold collect colonist colony found a colony come I am come on the scene to the help of home from exile forward to speak on ( = ensue) command ( = order) I am in command (noun) commander company compare compel complain complete conceal, hide concerned, as far as I am condemn condition that, on condition, I am in a good (bad) confess confidenc e regain confidence confident I am confident conflict, contest, struggle confusion (din, tumult, uproar) contuse (dismay ) consider ( = think) ( = ponder, exami ne) ( = deliberate) conspiracy conspirat or conspire consternation consult an oracle continent, mainland continue continuous converse wit h (verb) (noun) (adj.)

yu=xoj n. yuxro/j sulle/gw, a)qroi/zw, a)gei/rw a/)poikoj a)poiki/a katoiki/zw (= colonize, a. of the place) e/)rxomai h(/kw paragi/gnomai bohqe/w d. kate/rxomai pare/rxomai e)pigi/gnesqai keleu/w, prosta/ttw d. h(ge/omai g., h(gemoneu/w g., a/)rxw g., e)fe/sthka d. a)rxh/, h(gemoni/a strathgo/j, a/)rxwn, h(gemw/n
see band

ei)ka/zw a)nagka/zw a)ganakte/w, sxetlia/zw, deino\n poie/omai e)ktele/w, e)cerga/zomai kru/ptw to\ e)p' e)me/ katagignw/skw, katakri/nw (both g. pers., a. rei) e)f' %(=te eu(= (kakw=j) dia/keimai
see admit

qa/rsoj n. a)naqarse/w qarsale/oj, qrasu/j qarse/w a)gw/n qo/ruboj, kraugh/, taraxh/ tara/ttw, e)kplh/ttw nomi/zw skope/w, e)nnoe/w, e)nqume/omai , frontizw bouleu/omai sunwmosi/a sunwmo/thj suno/mnumi e/)kplhcij sumbouleu/omai d. xra/omai d. h(peiroj f. diatele/w (with participle) sunexh/j diale/gomai d. 6

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM e)le/gxw, katagignw/skw g. nekro/j corrupt diafqei/rw (see destroy) costly polutelh/j councillor bouleuth/j courage, have qarse/w, eu)qume/w regain courage a)naqarse/w court (of law) dikasth/rion cowardly, I am malaki/zomai cross a mountain u(perbai/nw a river, etc. diabai/nw the sea passive of peraio/w crowd o/)xloj crowded, in crowds a)qro/oj crown ste/fanoj cruel w(mo/j, a/)grioj custom e/)qoj n. contrary to (according to) custom para\ (kata\ ) to\ ei)wqo/j cut te/mnw, ko/ptw off a)poko/ptw ( = intercept) a)polamba/nw daring (adj.) qrasu/j, tolmhro/j (noun) qa/rsoj (n) or qra/soj (n), to/lma dark skoteino/j it grows dark suskota/zei darkness sko/toj day h(me/ra by day ( =daily) kaq' h(me/ran before proterai/a after u(sterai/a on the same day au)qh/meron one day ( = once) pote/ dear fi/loj deceit a)pa/th deceive (e)c)apata/w decide (a question or argument) diakri/nomai ( = determine, resolve) bouleu/omai (or dokei= d. and inf.) declare, assert fhmi/ vehemently dii+sxuri/zomai war po/lemon katagge/llw d., ei)j po/lemon kaqi/stamai decree (noun) of the Assembly yh/fisma n. of the Council probou/leuma n. deep baqu/j defeat (noun) h(/tta defeat ed, I am h(tta/omai defence (legal) a)pologi/a I make my defence a)pologe/omai
convict corpse

7

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
delay (tr.) (intr.)

deliberat e delight, please delighted, I am demand, claim deny depart dependent deprive descendant desert (noun) (verb, tr.) (verb, intr.) deserve desire despair (noun) (verb) despondent, disheartened despise despatch destroy ( = pull down walls etc.) devis e, contrive die difficulty, I am in with difficulty dig dinner directions, in all from all directions disappointed, I am discipline disclose (reveal) discontented, I am discover, find out disembark (tr.) (intr.) dismay (verb) (noun) dismiss disobey disobedient disorder display displeased, I am

kwlu/w, pau/w me/llw, e)pe/xw bouleu/omai a)re/skw d. h(/domai , xai/rw a)cio/w (wit h inf. ), ai)te/w a)parne/omai a)pe/rxomai u(ph/kooj a)postere/w (tina/ tinoj ), a)faire/w ( tina/ ti) e/)kgonoj h( e)/rhmoj a)polei/pw au)tomole/w a/)cio/j ei)mi (g. or inf.) e)piqume/w (g. or inf. ), o)re/gomai g., poqe/w g. a)qumi/a a)qume/w a/)qumoj katafrone/w g., o)ligwre/w g. pe/mpw, a)poste/llw diafqei/rw, a)po/llumi kaqaire/w mhxana/omai teleuta/w, a)poqnh/skw (I am killed) a)pore/w, a)mhxane/w, e)n a)pori/# ei)=nai mo/lij, mo/gij o)ru/ssw dei=pnon (deipne/w) pantaxo/se pantaxo/qen yeu/domai g., sfa/llomai g. eu)taci/a (eu/)taktoj, eu)takte/w) mhnu/w dusxerai/nw (adjs. du/skoloj, dusxerh/j) eu(ri/skw, gignw/skw e)kbiba/zw a)pobai/nw e)k e)kplh/ttw e/)kplhcij a)fi/hmi a)peiqe/w d. a)peiqh/j a)taci/a (a/)taktoj, a)takte/w) a)podei/knumi , e)pidei/knumai (= show off) a/)xqomai d., dusxerai/nw (d. or g. rei)

8

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
disposed, I am disposition dispute, quarrel distance, at a from a distance distant, I am distress (noun) I am in distress disturb ditch, trench doctor dog double doubt, disbelieve drag dread (verb) dream, in a drink drive, ride duty it is one's duty dwell in each (of two) (of more than two) other time eager I am eager eagerness early earnest eat either...or elated elder elect ( = choose) ( = by vote) eloquent else or else elsewhere elude embark embassy empire empty (tr.) (intr.)

dia/keimai or frone/w with adv. dia/noia a)mfisbhte/w (tini\ peri/ tinoj), diafe/romai d., e)ri/zw (tini\ peri/ tinoj ) dia\ pollou= po/rrwqen a)pe/xw (a)po/ and g.) a)pori/a, lu/ph (grief), talaipwri/a a)pore/w, lupe/omai , talaipwre/w (or passive) tara/ttw ta/froj f. i)))))))atro/j ku/wn (g. kuno/j) diplou=j a)piste/w d. e/)lkw fobe/omai , o(rrwde/w o)/nar pi/nw e)lau/nw to\ prosh=kon, ta\ de/onta xrh/ tina, prosh/kei tini/ oi)ke/w e)n, e)noike/w e)n e(ka/teroj e/)kastoj a)llh/louj, etc. e)ka)stote pro/qumoj proqume/omai , spouda/zw proqumi/a, spoudh/ prw/| spoudai=oj e)sqi/w h)/...h)/ e)phrme/noj (e)pai/rein) presbu/teroj ai(re/omai xeirotone/w deino\j le/gein a/)lloj ei) de mh/ a/)lloqi (a/)llose movement to) lanqa/nw e)mbiba/zw e)mbai/nw ei)j presbei/j a)rxh/ keno/j, e/)rhmoj 9

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
encourage end (noun) (verb, tr.) a war, treaty, etc, endure (tr.) (intr.) enemy engage (an enemy) engaged on, I am enjoy ensue, come on enter entrust envy (verb) (noun) equal equip err especially establish established, to be esteem (noun) highly, consider important even (adv. ) every day, daily kind of everywhere evidence I give evidence evident, clear, manifest exact, accurate exact a penalty, inflict punis hment examine exceedingly excel excellence excellent excessively, too much exchange excite excuse make an excuse exhausted I am exhausted exhaustion exhort (advise) expect

qarsu/nw, parakeleu/omai d., paramuqe/omai te/loj n. teleuth/ pau/w, e)ktele/w, teleuta/w (also int r.) katalu/w u(pome/nw kartere/w, a)ne/xomai (with participle), a)nte/xw pole/mioj (public ), e)xqro/j (personal) summi/gnumi d. spouda/zw or ei)mi/ peri/ and a. a)polau/w g. h(/domai d. e)pigi/gnomai ei)se/rxomai (ei)j) e)pitre/pw ti tini/ zhlo/w (a. pers., g. rei) fqo/noj i)/)soj, i))so/rropoj (indecisive) paraskeua/zomai , kataskeua/zw, e)cartu/omai (a
fleet)

a(marta/nw ma/lista, a/)llwj te kai/ kaqi/sthmi u(pa/rxein, kaqesta/nai a)ci/wma n. peri\ pollou= poie/omai kai/, not even ou)de/ kaq' h(me/ran pantoi=oj pantaxou= (pantaxo/se, pantaxo/qen) marturi/a, tekmh/rion ( = proof) marture/w dh=loj, fanero/j, safh/j a)kribh/j di/khn lamba/nw para/ g. e)le/gxw, e)ceta/zw, skope/w (an argument) sfo/dra, ma/la diafe/rw g., perigi/gnomai g. a)reth/ a/)ristoj, spoudai=oj, xrhsto/j (often ironic) li/an, a/)gan a)ntalla/ttomai/ ti tinoj tara/ttw pro/fasij profasi/zomai a)peirhkw/j (-ko/toj ) a)poka/mnw, talaipwre/omai (or active) talaipwri/a parakeleu/omai d., paraine/w d. prosdoka/w 10

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
( = claim, require) expedient, it is expedition make an expedition expense experience (noun) experienced explain extreme fact, in faction fail fainthearted I am fainthearted faithless faithlessness fall upon ( =attack) in with ( = meet) back ( =" yield ground) asleep fame famine famous far and wide as far as from far farther farewell bid farewell farmer fast fasten fate favour, gratitude show favour favourable fearless feast feed (tr.) (intr.)

feel annoyed ashamed friendly to grateful indignant

a)cio/w sumfe/rei d. stratei/a strateu/omai dapa/nh, a)na/lwmai e)mpeiri/a e/)mpeiroj, e)pisth/mwn (skilled in + g.) e)chge/omai e/)sxatoj t%= o)/nti sta/sij sfa/llomai , e)llei/pein (= to run short, give out) malako/j (malqako/j ) malaki/zomai a/)pistoj a)pisti/a pi/ptw e)mpi/ptw d., e)piti/qemai d. e)ntugxa/nw d. u(poxwre/w katadarqa/nw (kaqeu/dw I am asleep) do/ca, kle/oj n. limo/j lampro/j, gnw/rimoj, e/)ndocoj, eu)do/kimoj po/rrw, e)pi\ polu/, pollw=| (with comparatives) pantaxh= mexri/ g. po/rrwqen porrote/rw xai=re (plural xai/rete) xai/rein le/gw gewrgo/j taxu/j ph/gnumi, de/w tu/xh, to\ me/llon xa/rij (-itoj ) xari/zomai d. kalo/j, fi/lioj, eu)/nouj, kai/rioj, e)pith/deioj a)/foboj, a)deh/j e(orth/ (festival) , dei=pnon, sumpo/sion (drinking feast) tre/fw ne/mesqai (of cattle, etc.) lupe/omai, a)ganakte/w ai)sxu/nomai eu)noi+kw=j dia/keimai pro/j xa/rin e)/xw or oi)/da deino\n poie/omai

11

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
proud of well fellowfence off, block up field fight

semnu/nomai e)pi d., a)ga/llomai d. (delight in) eu)= or kalw=j e)/xw use sun in compound where possible, e.g. sustra/thgoj e)mfra/ttw, a)postauro/w (with a palisade) , a)poteixi/zw
(with a wall)

a)gro/j ma/xomai d. by land pezomaxe/w (noun pezomaxi/a) by sea naumaxe/w (noun naumaxi/a) to the last diama/xomai on the side of summa/xomai d., sumpoleme/w d. fill pi/plhmi, plhro/w ('man' a ship) find ( =discover) eu(ri/sxw ( = learn by enquiry) punqa/nomai ( = come upon, surpris e) katalamba/nw ( = by perception or observing) gignw/skw
finish fire (noun) set on fire I am on fire first at first fix, make fast flank on the flank flanks flat, level flatter (verb) flight (noun) I put to flight I take to flight I took to flight flourish flow fly (in the air) follow following day, the followers folly foot, on set foot on forage forbid force (noun) by force in full forc e ( = army) (verb) see end

pu=r n. a(/ptw, e)mpi/prhmi kai/omai adj. prw=toj, adv. prw=ton to\ prw=ton ph/gnumi ke/raj n. kata\ ke/raj, e)k plagi/ou ta\ pla/gia platu/j, o(malo/j kolakeu/w fugh/ tre/pw, e)j fugh\n kaqi/sthmi e)j fugh\n kaqi/stamai e)j fugh\n kate/sthn, e)trapo/mhn eu)tuxe/w, eu)= pra/ttw r(e/w (in compounds) pe/tomai e(/pomai d., a)kolouqe/w d. h( u(sterai/a oi( a)mfi/ (peri/ ) tina mwri/a, a)/noia pez%= e)pibai/nw g. e)pisiti/zomai ou)k e)a/w, a)pagoreu/w d. bi/a bi/#, kata\ kra/toj panstratia=|, pandh/mei stratia/, paraskeuh/ a)nagka/zw (compel), bia/zomai (a. rei) 12

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
a way in foreign forget former formidable fortress, fortification fortune good fortune bad fortune found (a colony) fountain, spring, well fraud, guile freely, speak friendly friendship frighten, terrify front, in fruit furlong furnish future, the for the future gain (noun) (verb) garden garrison gaze at general, I am in general generous generous disposition gentle gentleman get rid of the better of the worst of it up back, recover give back ground in, yield a share of a signal glad I am glad

bia/zomai ei)j ba/rbaroj, ceniko/j e)pilanqa/nomai g. pro/teroj, e)kei=noj fobero/j tei/xisma n., e/)ruma n. tu/xh eu)tuxi/a (eu)tuxh/j, eu)tuxe/w) a)tuxi/a (a/tuxh/j, a)tuxe/w ) kti/zw (see colony) krh/nh, phgh/ do/loj, a)path/ parrhsia/zomai (noun parrhsi/a) fi/lioj, eu/)nouj fili/a, (dia\ fili/aj i))e/nai d. be on friendly terms with) fobe/w, e)kplh/ssw (e)k tou=) e/)mprosqen karpo/j (karpo/omai enjoy the fruits of a.) sta/dion
see provide

to\ me/llon to\ loipo/n ke/rdoj n. kta/omai , kerdai/nw, pleonekte/w (gain an advantage
over g. pers.)

kh=poj frou/rion, frouroi/, froura/ qea/omai , prosble/pw strathge/w o/(lwj, w(j e)pi\ to\ polu/ gennai=oj, e)leuqe/rioj gennai=oj tro/poj, to\ eu)noi+kw=j diakei=sqai pra=oj, me/trioj kalo\j ka)gaqo/j lamba/nw, de/xomai , kta/omai , tugxa/nw g. a)palla/ttomai g. ple/on e/)xw g. e)latto/omai (d. rei) a)ni/stamai a)nalamba/nw di/dwmi a)podi/dwmi u(poxwre/w e)ndi/dwmi (intr.) metadi/dwmi (d. pers., g. rei) shmai/nw a/)smenoj h(/domai , xai/rw 13

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
glorious go up down over to, join forward gold gone, to be good-day good time, in goodwill good-repute government gracious grain grapple with grateful, I am greatly greet, welcome grief grieve (tr.) (intr.) grievous ground, on the to the ground stand my ground give ground arms grow, increase (intr. ) guard the rear guard, I am on my keep guard off one's guard guest guide (verb) guile guilty guilty of, I am half halt, rest hand over, surrender fight hand to hand fall into the hands of take in hand, undertake happen ( = take place) happen to

kalo/j, lampro/j e/)rxomai a)nabai/nw katabai/nw prosxwre/w d. proxwre/w xruso/j (adj. xrusou=j ) oi/)xesqai xai=re e)n kairw=| eu/)noia eu)doci/a (eu)do/kimoj, eu)dokime/w) a)rxh/, oi( e)n te/lei eu)menh/j si=toj o(mo/se i)e/nai d. (of persons), a)ntilamba/nomai g. (of
things)

xa/rin e/)xw or oi)=da polu/, sfo/dra a)spa/zomai lu/ph, pe/nqoj n. (mourning), a/)lgoj n. lupe/w lupe/omai , a)lge/w, a)ganakte/w deino/j, baru/j xamai/ xamai/, xama=ze u(pome/nw, a)nte/xw u(poxwre/w o/(pla ti/qemai au)ca/nomai a)pisqofulake/w (rearguard o)pisqofu/lakej, oi( o)/pisqen) fula/ttomai froure/w a)fu/laktoj, a)prosdo/khtoj ce/noj h(ge/omai d. do/loj ai/)tioj o)fliska/nw a. h/(misuj (e.g. to\ h/(misu tei=xoj) a)napau/omai paradi/dwmi e)j xei=raj e/)rxomai u(poxei/rioj gi/gnomai d. a)ntilamba/nomai g., e)pixeire/w d. gi/gnesqai tugxa/nw (with participle) 14

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
happens, it happy harass hardship suffer hardship harm, hurt, injure hasten, hurry hate (verb) I am hat ed by hatred headland, promontory hear, listen to heart ( = temper, disposition) heavy -armed soldier heed, take height heights, the helmsman, pilot help (verb) (noun) helpless, I am hem in here ( =hither) from here, hence hesitate hide (tr.) (intr.) highly, value hill hinder, prevent what is to hinder? there is nothing to hinder hire, pay (noun) (verb) historian history of, write the hold out, endure holy home at home from home to home I am at home

sumbai/nei eu)dai/mwn (eu)daimone/w, eu)daimoni/a ) e)gkei=mai d., tara/ttw po/noj, talaipwri/a talaipwre/w (or passive) bla/ptw, a)dike/w, kaka\ poie/w (a. pers.) speu/dw (tr. and intr.), e)pei/gomai (intr.) mise/w a)pexqa/nomai d. a)pe/xqeia, e/)xqoj n., mi=soj n. a/)kra, a)krwth/rion a)kou/w (a. rei, g. pers.), a)kroa/omai g. kardi/a dia/noia baru/j o(pli/thj eu)labe/omai u(/yoj n. ta\ a/)kra kubernh/thj w)fele/w a., bohqe/w d., e)pikoure/w d. w)fe/leia, boh/qeia, e)pikouri/a a)mhxane/w, a)pore/w periklei/w e)nqa/de, au)tou= deu=ro e)nqe/nde o)kne/w, a)pokne/w kru/ptw, a)pokru/ptw (ti/ tina) kru/ptw in passive or with reflexive peri\ pollou= poie/omai lo/foj, o/(roj n. kwlu/w, ei/)rgw ti/ e)mpodw/n e)stin; ou)de\n e)mpodw/n e)stin misqo/j misqo/omai suggrafeu/j suggra/fw ta/ with g. e/)xw, kate/xw, e/)xomai g. (cling to), a)nte/xomai g. a)nte/xw, a)nqi/stamai o/(sioj, i((ero/j oi)=koj oi/)koi oi/)koqen oi/)kade e)pidhme/w

15

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
I am away from home homewards honest honourable hope (verb) hope that, in the hopeful hopeless horn, wing of an army horror hostage hour, season how? how (followed by adj. or adv. ) great? many? long? (of time) however that may be humble humour, gratify hunger hungry, I am hurl husbandman, farmer idle, inactive, lazy I am idle ignorance ignorant I am ignorant ill I am ill I speak ill I take it ill -fated -tempered -treat ed, I am -will image imagine, suppos e immediat ely immortal impassable impious, I am important (interesting, note" worthy) ( =useful, profitable) consider import ant

a)podhme/w e)p' oi/)kou di/kaioj, xrhsto/j, e)pieikh/j kalo/j, e/)ntimoj e)lpi/zw e)a/n pwj with subj. ei/) pwj with optat. eu/)elpij a)ne/lpistoj ke/raj n. o)rrwdi/a, e/)kplhcij o(/mhroj w(/ra pw=j; o/(pwj w(j po/soj; o(po/soj po/soi ; o(po/soi po/son xro/non; d' ou)=n tapeino/j xari/zomai d. limo/j peina/w ba/llw, ri/ptw gewrgo/j r(a/|qumoj, a)rgo/j r(#qume/w, a)rge/w (r(#qumi/a, a)rgi/a) a/)gnoia, a)maqi/a a)maqh/j a)gnoe/w a)sqenh/j nose/w, a)sqene/w, ka/mnw kaka\ (kakw=j) le/gw (a. person) xalepw=j fe/rw, deino\n poie/omai dustuxh/j du/skoloj kaka\ (kakw=j) pa/sxw kako/noia, a)pe/xqeia ei)kw/n (o/noj) f. oi)/omai , u(polamba/nw eu)qu/j, parauti/ka, paraxrh=ma a)qa/natoj a)dia/batoj a)sebe/w (a)sebh/j, a)se/beia) a)cio/logoj prou/)rgou (Comp. prou)rgiai/teroj, Sup. prou)rgiai/tatoj ) peri\ pollou= poie/omai (cf. peri\ ou)de/noj or par' ou)den poie/omai ) 16

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
impossible imprison imprudent inasmuch as incapable of increase (tr.) (intr.) incredible incur a charge of indecisive independent indicate indict indictment indignant, I am indulge in inexorable, implacable inexperience infamous infantry, the light infantry heavy infantry infer, conjecture inferior to, I am inflict a penalty injury, wrong influence (noun) have influence (verb) influential inform inhabit, dwell in inhabitants, the injustice, injury, wrong innocent innovation, revolution make an innovation innumerable inopportune insist insolence insolent inspect, scrutinize, examine instead of (with participle) instruct (order) (teach)

a)du/natoj ei/)rgw, katade/w a)no/htoj, a/)skeptoj, a)peri/skeptoj a/)te (with participle) ou)x oi(=o/j te (with infinitive) au)ca/nw au)ca/nw in passive a/)pistoj (also = incredulous ) o)fliska/nw a. i)))))))so/rropoj, a)nti/paloj au)to/nomoj shmai/nw, dei/knumi gra/fomai (a. pers., g. rei) grafh/ deino\n poie/omai , xalepw=j fe/rw, a)ganakte/w d. xra/omai d. a)parai/thtoj a)peiri/a (a)/peiroj) miaro/j, bdeluro/j oi( pezoi/ peltastai/ o(pli=tai tekmai/romai h(/ttwn, xei/rwn h(tta/omai g. (cf. h(tta/omai u(po/ g. I am conquered by) di/khn lamba/nw para/ g. a)dike/w a. du/namij, roph/ me/ga du/namai (e)n) pei/qw dunato/j, piqano/j (persuasive) a)gge/llw, mhnu/w (a. rei, d. pers.) oi)ke/w (tr. and intr.) e)noike/w (e)n) oi( e/)noikoi , oi( e)noikou=ntej a)diki/a (a)dike/w, a/)dikoj) a)nai/tioj newterismo/j newteri/zw a)nari/qmhtoj a)/kairoj i)))))))sxuri/zomai (with participle = persist) u/(brij, a)se/lgeia (want on violence) u(bristiko/j, a)selgh/j (want on) e)ceta/zw (noun e)ce/tasij ) ou)x o/(pwj... a)lla\ kai/ (a)ll' ou)de/), a)nti\ tou= with
inf.

keleu/w, prosta/ttw d. dida/skw (a. rei, a. pers.) 17

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
instructions, according to insult, abuse intelligent intend intentionally intercept interest in, take an interests, the common interior (noun) interrupt intimate, friendly intolerable intrigue with, negotiate with invent invincible invite involuntarily irrevocable, incurable javelin jealousy jealous of, I am jest (verb) join (tr.) (intr.) battle joy joyous judge (noun)

(verb) judgment, opinion, belief, purpose jury just now, recently keep safe the peace my word quiet from, refrain from kind (adj. ) of that kind of what kind? kingdom kinsman knee know how to knowledge, understanding

kata\ ta\ ei)rhme/na u(bri/zw, prophlaki/zw, loidore/w suneto/j, fro/nimoj e)n n%= e/)xw, me/llw, dianoe/omai e)kw/n a)polamba/nw me/lei moi (g. rei) ta\ koina/, ta\ pa=si sumfe/ronta meso/geia u(polamba/nw e)pith/deioj, oi)kei=oj ou)k a)nekto/j pra/ttw pro/j (a. pers.) eu(ri/skw, pla/ttw (=fabricate) a)h/sshtoj parakale/w (or middle) a/)kwn a)nh/kestoj a)ko/ntion (a)kontioth/j, a)konti/zw) fqo/noj fqone/w (d. pers., g. rei) pai/zw, skw/ptw suna/ptw, zeu/gnumi prosxwre/w d. ma/xhn suna/ptw pro/j a., e)j xe i=raj e/)rxomai d. xara/ ( xai/rw) perixarh/j krith/j (presiding judge), dikasth/j (ordinary judge, juror), brabeu/j (of games, umpire) kri/nw, dika/zw, tekmai/romai ( = infer) gnw/mh oi( dikastai/ a/)rti e/)xw, fula/ttw, thre/w sw/|zomai ei)rh/nhn a/)gw t$= pi/stei e)mme/nw h(suxa/zw a)pe/xomai with g. or with mh/ and Inf. eu/)nouj, eu)menh/j, h)/pioj toiou=toj poi=oj; a)rxh/ suggenh/j, oi)kei=oj go/nu (go/natoj ) n. oi)=da, e/)gnwka oi)=da or e)pi/stamai with Inf. e)pisth/mh 18

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
known, well labour lack, scarcity, need (noun)

gnw/rimoj (see famous) po/noj (pone/w ) a)pori/a, e/)ndeia a)pore/w g., e)nde/w g., de/w cf. pollou= de/w tou=to ei)pei=n I am far from saying this: dei= moi bi/blou I need
a book

(verb) laden, to be lade, load lament, mourn for (noun) language, tongue last (adj.) at last fight to the last lasting late (adv.) lately laugh at laughter launch law court lawful lawgiver lawsuit lay claim to siege to down waste lazy lead leadership leading men, the learn ( = ascertain, find out) leave behind left hand wing leisure lend length at length let, allow let go ( =let slip) ( =let off) level

ge/mein g. (of a ship) gemi/zw g, (of a ship) o)du/romai , o)lofu/romai , klai/w o)lofurmo/j glw=tta u/)statoj (to\ ) te/loj diama/xomai be/baioj o)ye/ a/)rti , a)rti/wj, prw/hn (but pr%/ = early) gela/w katagela/w (g. pers.) ge/lwj (-wtoj) m. kaqe/lkw (of ships) dikasth/rion e/)nnomoj nomoqe/thj (c f. nomon ti/qemai make a law) di/kh a)ntipoie/omai g. poliorke/w paradi/dwmi (arms ), e)ci/stamai g. (office) d$o/w, te/mnw r(a|/qumoj, a)rgo/j h(ge/omai g. (I am the leader of), h(ge/omai d. (I go before, guide), h(gemoneu/w g. h(gemoni/a oi( proestw=tej manqa/nw punqa/nomai , gignw/skw katalei/pw h( a)ristera/ ( xei/r ) to\ eu)w/numon (ke/raj) sxolh/ (sxol$= = at leisure, scarcely) danei/zw (middle = borrow) mh=koj n. to\ te/loj e)a/w, e)pitre/pw d., periora/w, e.g. ton fi/lon a)dikou/menon periidei=n meqi/hmi , pari/hmi a)fi/hmi o(malo/j 19

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
levy ( =tax, tribute) ( = soldiers)

liberty lie (down) at anchor in wait for, ambush tell a lie life way of life prime of life lift light (noun) (adj.) kindle light (verb) -armed troops like (adj.) to be like likely, it is I am likely likewise line (military) form into line (intr.) draw up in line (tr.) listen to live in, inhabit ( = pass my life) ( = make a living) lofty long ago for, seek after so long (of time) look (intr.) at after, care for on at, watch lose an opportunity a battle a lawsuit no time loss, I am at a loud love loyal loyalty (noun) (verb)

pra/ttw (or middle), ta/ttw sulle/gw, a)qroi/zw e)leuqeri/a kei=mai , kata/keimai , katakli/nomai o(rme/w e)nedreu/w a. yeu/domai bi/oj di/aita h(liki/a (also = age, time of life ai/)rw fw=j ( fwto/j ) n. kou=foj a(/ptw oi( yiloi/, oi( peltastai/ o)moi=oj d. e)oike/nai d. use kata\ to\ ei)ko/j ( = in all probability) me/llw w(sau/twj ta/cij ta/ttomai (and compounds), e)j ta/cin kaqi/stamai ta/ttw (and compounds)
see hear

za/w oi)ke/w a., e)noike/w e)n d. dia/gw bioteu/w u(yhlo/j makro/j pa/lai o)re/gomai g., e)piqume/w g., poqe/w a, (feel the loss of) tosou=ton xro/non ble/pw, skope/w (tr. and int r.) doke/w ( = appear) prosble/pw a., a)poble/pw ei)j e)pimele/omai or e)pime/lomai g. qea/omai , qewre/w a)po/llumi , a)poba/llw pari/hmi (kairo/n) h(tta/omai di/khn o)fliska/nw fqa/nw (with aorist participle) a)/porew, a)/mhxanew me/gaj e/)rwj (-wtoj ) m. e)ra/w g. (of physical love), file/w, a)gapa/w (of affection) pisto/j, be/baioj eu/)nia, bebaio/thj 20

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
luck, lucky lunch (noun) (verb) magistrates magnanimous magnificent maiden main body mainland maintain majority make laws terms light of ( = appoint) man (verb) manage manifest manifestly manner (fashion, kind) of dress of life all manner of marine marry marsh marvellous master ( =lord, owner) ( = teacher) I am master of master of (adj.) matter, affair it does not matter (adj.) (verb) mean to, intend means by all means by no means by means of meanwhile meddle meddlesomeness mean ( = support ) ( = insist, assert) see fortune, fortunate

a)/riston (sometimes breakfast) a)ristopoie/omai oi( e)n te/lei ,ta\ te/lh, oi( a/)rxontej (t he chief Athenian
magistrates)

gennai=oj megalopreph/j ko/rh, parqe/noj plh=qoj n. h/(peiroj f. tre/fw dii+sxuri/zomai oi( polloi/, oi( plei/onej poie/w no/mouj ti/qemai sugxwre/w, sumbai/nw, sunti/qhmai (all a. rei, d. pers.) o)ligwre/w g., par' o)li/gon poie/omai kaqi/sthmi plhro/w (of ships) pra/ttw, dioike/w, metaxeiri/zw (or middle) dh=loj, fanero/j, safh/j dhlono/ti , fanerw=j (cf. He is manifestly wise fanero/j e)sti sofo\j w)/n) tro/poj skeuh/ di/aita pantoi=oj adj. e)piba/thj game/w (of a man), game/omai (of a woman) e)/loj n., li/mnh qaumasto/j, qauma/sioj (c f. qaumasi/wj w(j deino/j
wonderfully clever)

despo/thj dida/skaloj krate/w g. ku/rioj g. pra=gma n. (cf. What is the matter with you? ti/ pa/sxeij;) ou)de\n diafe/rei fau=loj, tapeino/j, ai)sxrokerdh/j (greedy for gain) le/gw, le/gein bou/lomai dianoe/omai , e)n nw=| e/)xw ou)si/a (property), mhxanh/ (contrivance) pa/nu ge, panta/pasi and me\n ou)=n (both in answers) ou)damw=j, ou)d' o(pwstiou=n dia/ g. e)n tou/t% polupragmone/w polupragmosu/nh

21

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
meet mercenaries merchant merchantman mercy, show merely message middle might, with all one's military matters age miserable misfortune misrepresent, slander miss missile mistake (noun) (verb)

mix (tr.] mock moderate, modest moderation modesty moment ( =occasion) crowning moment for the moment on the spur of the moment money make money monument moon moor (a ship) moral (adj.) morality more, the , , , the more moreover most part, for the motive, with what? mound move (tr.) a resolution to anger about, to and fro (intr.) moved, I am multitude must

a)panta/w d., peritugxa/nw d. (fall in with) oi( e)pi/kouroi , oi( ce/noi , oi( misqofo/roi e/)mporoj o)lka/j (-a/doj) f. fei/domai g., suggignw/skw d. ou)de\n a/)llo h)/ a)ggeli/a (or use verb a)gge/llw) me/soj (e.g. e)n me/s$ t$= po/lei ) kata\ du/namin, panti\ sqe/nei ta\ polemika/ h(liki/a a/)qlioj, e)leeino/j (pitiable), fau=loj (mean) sumfora/, dustuxi/a diaba/llw a(marta/nw g., sfa/llomai g., pari/hmi (miss, let slip an opportunity), poqe/w (feel the loss of) be/loj n. a(marti/a, a(ma/rthma n. a(marta/nw g., sfa/llomai g. mi/gnumi , kera/nnumi (both ti/ tini ) katagela/w g., skw/ptw, xleua/zw me/trioj, sw/frwn swfrosu/nh, metrio/thj (- htoj) f. ai)dw/j f., ai)sxu/nh kairo/j a)kmh/ to\ parauti/ka e)c u(pogui/ou, e)k tou= paraxrh=ma ta\ xrh/mata, to\ a)rgu/rion xrhmati/zomai mnhmei=on, mnh=ma n. selh/nh (cf. h)=n selh/nh lampra/ it was bright moonlight) o(rmi/zw (in passive = o(rmei=n be moored) o)rqo/j, di/kaioj to\ kalo/n, to\ di/kaion o/(s% , , , tosou/t% pro\j tou/toij, e/)ti de/, kai\ dh( kai/ w(j e)pi\ to\ polu/ ti/ boulo/menoj; ti/ maqw/n; xw=ma n. kine/w, meqi/sthmi (remove) gra/fw ( yh/fisma n.) kaqi/sthmi ei)j foita/w kine/omai ka/mptomai , tara/ttomai plh=qoj n., o)/xloj dei= me, xrh/ me (both with inf.) 22

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
mutiny, revolt name (noun) by name have a good name narrow space narrowly escape natives, the naturally nature of what nature? of such a nature nearly necessary (adj.) it is necessary need (verb) (noun) neglect (noun) (verb) negotiate with neighbour neighbouring neither (of two) neither , , , nor never nevertheless next (in time) day (in order) no one longer sooner ,, , than noble nobles, the nobility (of character) (of birth) noise nominally ... really nonsense, talk noon north not at all yet notable, noteworthy noted (noun) (verb)

sta/sij, a)po/stasij stasia/zw (of internal strife), a)fi/stamai a)po/ g. o)/noma n. o)no/mati , o)nomasti/ eu)= a)kou/w stenoxwri/a para\ mikro\n e)lqei=n (with inf. ) oi( e)pixw/rioi , oi( au)to/xqonej, oi( au)to/qen ei)ko/twj ( = reasonably), fu/sei ( = by nature), w(j ei)ko/j
(as might be expected) fu/sij, h)=qoj n. ( = disposition) poi=oj;

toiou=toj sxedo/n, o(/son ou), o)li/gou (dei=) e)pith/deioj, a)nagkai=oj dei=, xrh/ (both with acc. and inf.) de/omai g., a)pore/w g. (see lack), spani/zw g. e/)ndeia, a)pori/a, spa/nij a)me/leia a)mele/w g., o)ligwre/w g. (= despise), pari/hmi ( = let
slip)

pra/ttw pro/j a., xrhmati/zomai (d. pers. = have dealings
with)

gei/twn, o( plhsi/on o/(moroj, pro/soikoj ou)de/teroj ou/)te...ou/)te ( mh/te...mh/te) ou/)pote (mh/pote), ou)de/pote ( mhde/pote) o/(mwj, me/ntoi , ou) mh\n a)lla/ o( e)pigigno/menoj th=|= u(sterai/# o( e)fech=j ou)dei/j (mhdei/j ) ou)ke/ti (mhke/ti ) ou)k e/)fqhn (wit h participle),,, kai\ eu)qu/j gennai=oj, eu)genh/j (of noble birth) oi( dunatoi/ gennaio/thj f. eu)ge/neia qo/ruboj, boh/, yo/foj lo/g% me/n , , , e/)rg% de/ fluare/w, lhre/w ( fluari/a, lh=roj ) meshmbri/a borra=j, bore/aj (wind or region), ta\ pro\j borra=n ou)de/n, ou)damw=j, ou) pa/nu ou/)pw ( mh/pw ) a)cio/logoj
see famous

23

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
nothing notice, observe, perceive escape notice nowhere oath bind by an oath take an oath (swear) faithful to one's oath false to one's oath observe obtain obviously occupy oneself ( be occupied in) occur ( = take place) ( =to suggest itself) offence ( =a wrong, injustice) ( = a sin, moral wrong) offend, annoy offensive (adj.) offer office officer old, ancient age grow old how old is he? so old once upon a time at once one ( = a person) after another another, eac h other by one open (tr.) openly operations (military) (naval) opinion opponent opportunity offers oppose opposite (adj.) (adv.) ( = look at, examine) ( = abide by )

ou)de/n ( mhde/n) ai)sqa/nomai , gignw/skw, to\n nou=n prose/xw d. lanqa/nw (a. and participle) ou)damou= (ou)damo/se of motion) o/(rkoj o(rko/w o)/mnumi , e)po/mnumi eu)/orkoj e)pi/orkoj skope/w, qea/omai e)mme/nw d. kta/omai , tugxa)nw g., lagxanw (by lot) dhlono/ti , safw=j, fanerw=j katalamba/nw, kate/xw (=hold) pragmateu/esqai peri/ (a. or g.), ei)=nai peri/ ti gi/gnesqai , sumbai/nein pari/stasqai d., e)pelqei=n d. a)diki/a, a)di/khma n. a(marti/a, a(ma/rthma n. lupe/w pikro/j, baru/j, e)paxqh/j di/dwmi (pres. and imperf.), pare/xw, protei/nw a)rxh/, timh/ (high office) loxago/j, taci/arxoj palaio/j, a)rxai=oj gh=raj n. ghra/skw po/sa e/)th ge/gone; thlikou=toj a(/pac pote/, pa/lai eu)qu/j, paraxrh=ma, e)n t%= parauti/ka tij e)fech=j a)llh/louj kaq' e(/kaston a)noi/gnumi , a)noi/gw fanerw=j, e)k tou= profanou=j ta\ polemika/ ta\ nautika/ gnw/mh, do/ca (cf. w(j e)moi\ dokei= in my opinion) e)nanti/oj kairo/j, a)formh/ pare/xei d. (impersonal) e)nantio/omai d., a)nqi/stamai d. e)nanti/oj pe/ran, katantikru/

24

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
(prep.) oppress oppressive order, command (verb) ( =orderly arrangement) ( =good discipline) in order (one aft er another) organize ( =arrange)

kata/ a. pie/zw baru/j, e)paxqh/j keleu/w, prosta/ttw d., e)piste/llw d. ko/smoj eu)taci/a e)fech=j diakosme/w, diati/qhmi (or middle), suskeua/zw (bad
sense)

( = prepare) ornament other, the (of two) otherwise ought outside overcome ( = master) ( =conquer, subdue) ( =excel) overtake overthrow, ruin overtures, make owe pack up pain, feel panic panic-stricken pardon (noun) (verb) parliament part of, it is the I for my part for the most part take part in particular, and in partly ... partly party (political) pass (noun) (verb)

over time ( = go past, of time) word along laws over in silence past, in the path

paraskeua/zomai ko/smoj o( e(/teroj (also ' the one' of two) ei) de\ mh/, a/)llwj (in another way) dei= or xrh/ (it is necessary) e/)cw g. krate/w g. nika/w, katastre/fomai perigi/gnomai g. katalamba/nw kaqaire/w, a)natre/pw e)pikhrukeu/omai o)fei/lw suskeua/zomai a)lge/w e/)kplhcij, taraxh/ e)kplagei/j, e)kpeplhgme/noj suggnw/mh suggignw/skw d. e)kklhsi/a (Assembly), boulh/ (S enate) me/roj n. e)sti/ with g., prosh/kei d. e/)gwge w(j e)pi\ to\ polu/ mete/xw g., koinwne/w g. kai\ dh\ kai/ ta\ me/n...ta\ de/ sta/sij, su/nodoj f. ta\ stena/ pare/rxomai , paraple/w (by sea) diabai/nw (e.g. river), u(perbai/nw (e. g. mountain), peraio/w in passive (e.g. sea) dia/gw, diatri/bw parie/nai , dii+e/nai paragge/llw ti/qesqai no/mouj paralei/pw, e)a/w pa/lai (of old), e)n t%= parelqo/nti xro/n% o(do/j f., a)trapo/j f. 25

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM kartere/w (also with participle = pers evere in, and tr. =
patient, I am patriotic pay (noun) give pay receive pay (verb) penalty back pelt (verb) perhaps perish perjury perplexed, I am persevere, persist persuasive pestilence philosopher physician picked, chosen pick up piety pile arms pilot pirate, robber pitch camp pitch of, to such a pitched battle pitiable pity (noun) (verb) place (noun) (verb) endure patiently)

take place plain, manifest plan (noun) (verb)

platform plausible plead (in excuse) (in defence) please pleased, I am pleasure pledge (noun) oneself

filo/polij misqo/j misqodote/w misqofore/w ti/nw (a. rei, d. pers.), tele/w, fe/rw (bot h often = pay tax) di/khn di/dwmi a)podi/dwmi ba/llw (a. pers., d. rei) i/))))))))))swj, tax' a/)n (mostly with optative), (c f. kinduneu/eij a)lhqh=j le/gein = pcrhaps you are right) a)po/llumai ,diafqei/romai , a)poqn$/skw e)piorki/a (e)piorke/w, e)pi/orkoj ) a)pore/w, a)mhxane/w diatele/w, kartere/w (bot h with participle) piqano/j no/soj f., loimo/j filo/sofoj (filosofi/a, filosofe/w) i))))))))))atro/j loga/dej (plural) a)naire/omai eu)se/beia (eu)sebh/j, eu)sebe/w) o/(pla ti/qemai kubernh/thj l$sth/j ( l$stei/a, l$steu/w) stratopedeu/omai e)j tosou=to g. kartera\ ma/xh e)leeino/j e/)leoj e)lee/w, oi)ktei/rw to/poj, xwri/on (military position) ti/qhmi , i(/sthmi (and compounds) gi/gnesqai dh=loj, fanero/j (e.g. It is plain that I erred = d h=lo/j ei)mi a)martw/n) boulh/, bou/leuma n., dia/noia (or use a verb) e)pinoe/w, dianoe/omai , mhxana/omai (contrive) bh=ma n. piqano/j (persuasive), eu)preph/j, eu/)logoj profasi/zomai a)pologe/omai a)re/skw d. h(/domai d., xai/rw d. (I take pleasure in) h(donh/ pi/stij e)ggua/omai , pista\ di/dwmi 26

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
plunder, pillage point of, on the point, beside the to the point up to a point a case in point out policy (course of action) public policy politics politician ponder poor position, to be in a bad take up a position possess possession of, gain possible it is possible as far as possible possibly post (noun) (in line) (guard-post) posterity postpone pour power, bring int o my in the power of powerful practice ( =habit, custom) practise praise (noun) (verb) pray precautions, take precipitous precise, exact, strict I am precise precisely so prefer prejudice (noun) prepare presence in the presence of into the presence of present, I am

porqe/w, a(rpa/zw, sula/w, l$/zomai me/llwn with inf. e/)cw tou= lo/gou, lo/goj a/)lloj pro\j lo/gon me/xri tou para/deigma n. (example) a)podei/knumi , dhlo/w proai/resij h( politei/a, ta\ politeu/mata, ta\ pepoliteume/na ta\ politika/, to\ politeu/esqai o( politeuo/menoj fronti/zw, e)nqume/omai , logi/zomai pe/nhj (- htoj), fau=loj (mean), talai/pwroj (miserable) kakw=j diakei=sqai e)gkaqe/zomai (or say ' encamp ') e/)xw, ke/kthmai krate/w g. dunato/j e/)cesti , pa/resti , e)nde/xetai kata\ to\ dunato/n, kata\ du/namin i)))))))/)swj, ta/xa (or kinduneu/w with inf.) ta/cij frou/rion oi( e/)peita, oi( e)pigigno/menoi a)naba/llw (and middle) xe/w u(p' e)mautw|= poie/omai e)pi/ d., u(poxei/rioj d. dunato/j, i)))sxuro/j meleth/, a/)skhsij, e)pith/deusij e/)qoj n., e)pith/deuma n. meleta/w, a)ske/w, e)pithdeu/w e/)painoj e)paine/w eu/)xomai eu)labe/omai (eu)la/beia, eu)labh/j) krhmnw/dhj, a)po/krhmnoj a)kribh/j a)kribologe/omai (speak precisely) komidv= me\n ou)=n ma=llon ai(re/omai , proaire/omai diabolh/ paraskeua/zw and middle parousi/a para/ with d. para/ with a. pa/reimi

27

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
circumstances for the present at the present press hard pressed, I am hard prestige pretend pretext prevail upon pride myself on priest prime principle private person ( = layman) in private prize (noun) of valour first prize (verb) probable, it is probably procession proclaim produce ( = cause) profit (noun) (verb) (int r.) by profitable profits, it promise (noun)

ta\ paro/nta, ta\ kaqestw=ta e)j to\ parauti/ka e)n tw|= paro/nti pie/zw, bia/zomai , pro/skeimai d. pie/zomai , pone/w, talaipwre/w (and passive) a)ci/wma n. prospoie/omai pro/fasij krate/w, nika/w a)napei/qw u/(brij, filotimi/a (the first in a bad sens e, the second in a
good sen.se)

(verb) promontory proof ( = evidence) ( =trial, test) ( = demonstration) property prophet proposal propose a law prosecut e prosper (at law) ( =carry on wit h) (of persons) (of things)

semnu/nomai e)pi/ d., a)ga/llomai d. i(((((((ereu/j a)kmh/ (a)kma/zw) a)rxh/ (= source), proai/resij (rule of conduct) i/))))))))dioj i)))))))))diw/thj i)))))))))di/# a)=qlon ta\ a)ristei=a ta\ prwtei=a peri\ pollou= poie/omai ei)ko/j e)sti (wit h a. and present or aorist inf.) kata\ to\ ei)ko/j pomph/ khru/ttw (and compounds ) pare/xw (and middle), poie/w ke/rdoj n., lh=mma n. kerdai/nw a)polau/w g. lusitelh/j, w)fe/limoj sumfe/rei d., lusitelei= d. use verb, cf. ta\ u(pesxhme/na u(pisxne/omai a)krwth/rion, a/)kra tekmh/rion, shmei=on (sign) pei=ra a)po/deicij xrh/mata n. plural, ta\ o)/nta, ou)si/a ma/ntij lo/goj (or plural), yh/fisma n. (legal) proti/qhmi , profe/rw gra/fw no/mon diw/kw mete/rxomai , metaxeiri/zomai eu)= pra/ttw, eu)tuxe/w, katorqo/w proxwrei=n 28

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
prosperity protest proud I am proud of prove ( = demonstrate) ( =turn out ) proverb in the words of the proverb provide, furnish provided that provoke prudence public public life enter public life I am engaged in public life publicly punish punishment pupil purpose (verb) (noun) for the purpose of for this very purpose on purpose to no purpos e pursuit, study, occupation push put off, postpone to sea in to land to flight on (of clothes ) aside up with, endure up with, lodge with quality, wort h quantity, number, amount quarrel (noun) with queen question (verb) (noun) (verb)

eu)praci/a, eu)tuxi/a, eu)daimoni/a deino\n poie/omai (complain, am indignant), sxetlia/zw (complain bitterly), diamartu/romai (protest solemnly) semno/j, uperh/fanoj me/ga frone/w e)pi/ d., semnu/nomai e)pi/ d., a)ga/llomai d., a)brunomai d. a)podei/knumi sumbai/nein, e)kbai/nein, cf. e)fa/nhsan a)marta/nontej they proved to be wrong paroimi/a to\ lego/menon pare/xw, pori/zw, paraskeua/zw e)f' w(=|te (inf. ) parocu/nw swfrosu/nh, pro/noia (foresight), eu)la/beia dhmo/sioj, koino/j ta\ pepoliteume/na pro\j to\ koino\n prose/rxomai politeu/omai , ta\ dhmo/sia pra/ttw dhmosi/# kola/zw, zhmio/w, timwre/omai , di/khnlamba/nw para/ g. zhmi/a, timwri/a maqhth/j dianoe/omai , e)pinoe/w boulh/, dia/noia, gnw/mh e)pi/ d. e)p' au)to\ tou=to e)pi/thdej, e)cepi/thdej ma/thn, a/)llwj e)pith/deuma n. w)qe/w ti/qhmi (and compounds) a)naba/llw (or middle) a)na/gomai prossxei=n ei)j, kata/gomai ei)j tre/pw, e)j fugh\n kaqi/sthmi e)ndu/w, a)mfie/nnumi , periba/llomai a)fi/hmi a)ne/xomai a. or participle, a)gapa/w a. or d. kartere/w a. katalu/w para/ d. a)ci/a or use poi=oj; oi(=oj plh=qoj n. or use po/soj; o/(soj e/)rij, diafora/ e)ri/zw d., diafe/romai d. basi/leia e)rw/thma (n) e)rwta/w 29

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
quick quiet (adj.) keep quiet quite rabble rain raise ( = lift) ( = make to stand) ( = collect) ( =erect, build) ( = exalt, raise to honour) rally (intr.) (of troops) random, at rash (of persons) rashly rate, at any rather nay rather ravage ( = plunder) ( = lay waste) raze (buildings, etc.) to the ground reach (with a missile) read really reap the fruits of, enjoy rear (of a column) -guard in the rear rear (verb) (e.g., children) reason ( = cause) ( =the rational faculty) reasonable ( =fair, equitable) ( = moderate) it is reasonable reasonably rebel, revolt rebuke recall to mind, remember recently recite, recount reckon, calculate recognize reconcile reconnoitre recourse to, have

taxu/j, o)cu/j (quick-witted), e)lafro/j (nimble) h(/suxoj (noun h(suxi/a) h(suxa/zw, h(suxi/an a/)gw pa/nu, pantelw=j, a)texnw=j o)/xloj u(/dwr n., u(eto/j, o)/mbroj (s hower) ai)/rw (and compounds) a)ni/sthmi sulle/gw oi)kodome/w, kataskeua/zw au)ca/nw a)nastre/fomai ei)kh= propeth/j a)ske/ptwj, a)periske/ptwj, propetw=j ge, gou=n ma=llon me\n ou)=n l$/zomai , sula/w, porqe/w, a(rpa/zw d$o/w, te/mnw, kei/rw kaqaire/w kataska/ptw a)fikne/omai ei)j (pro/j), prose/rxomai pro/j e)fikne/omai g. (also = gain, attain to) a)nagignw/skw tw|= o)/nti , a)lhqw=j karpo/omai a., a)polau/w g. oi( o)/pisqen oi( a)pisqofu/lakej kata\ nw/tou tre/fw (maintain, support), paideu/w (educate) h( ai)ti/a, to\ ai/)tion nou=j, lo/goj e)pieikh/j, eu/)logoj me/trioj ei)ko/j (e)sti ) ei)ko/twj a)fi/stamai (noun a)po/stasij ) o)neidi/zw, e)pitima/w (bot h d. pers., a. rei) a)namimnh/skomai g., me/mnhmai g. a/)rti , newsti/ diece/rxomai , e)chge/omai logi/zomai a)nagnwri/zw sunalla/ttw (tina/ tini ) kataskope/w tre/pomai ei)j, katafeu/gw ei)j

30

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
recover, get back, regain health courage reduce ( =subdue) (by siege) (to a certain state) reflect, ponder refrain from refuge in, take refuse refute regret, repent reign reinforcements rejoice at relate related (by blood) release (noun) (verb) religion reluctantly rely on remember remind remonstrate remove from house repair repent reply reproach (noun) (verb) (tr.) (intr.)

a)nalamba/nw, komi/zomai rai/zw a)naqarre/w katastre/fomai , xeiro/omai e)kpoliorke/w kaqi/sthmi ei)j e)nqume/omai , fronti/zw, skope/w a)pe/xomai (g. or mh/ with inf.) katafeu/gw ei)j ou)k e)qe/lw (inf.) e)cele/gxw metame/lei moi g., metame/lomai (participle or o/(ti ) basileu/w, a/)rxw h( boh/qeia, oi( bohqoi/ h(/domai d., xai/rw d.
see rccite

oi)kei=oj, suggenh/j, a)nagkai=oj a)pallagh/ a)polu/w, a)fi/hmi , a)palla/ttw, e)leuqero/w eu)se/beia, ta\ qei=a a/)kwn (adj.), mo/gij (adv.) pisteu/w d., pei/qomai d. me/mnhmai g. or a., a)namimnh/skomai , mnhmoneu/w g. or a. both a)namimnh/skw ( tina) ti or tina/ tinoj) deino\n poie/omai , sxetlia/zw meqi/sthmi , a)ni/sthmi , e)cani/sthmi metani/stamai , a)pani/stamai e)piskeua/zw, e)panorqo/w (set right, correct)
see regret

republic repulse reputation request rescue come to the rescue resemble resembling, like reserved ( = quiet) ( = cautious) ( = modest) reside resign (tr.) (intr.)

a)pokri/nomai , u(polamba/nw (to retort) o)/neidoj n. o)neidi/zw ( ti/ tini ), e)pitima/w (ti/ tini ) dhmokrati/a, politei/a (constitution) or verb dhmokrate/omai e.g. u/)th h( po/lij dhmokratei=tai apokrou/omai , amu/nomai do/ca, a)ci/wma n. a)cio/w, ai)te/w sw/|zw (and compounds) bohqe/w d., e)pamu/nw d. e/)oika d. o/(moioj d., paraplh/sioj (nearly like) h(/suxoj, h(suxai=oj eu)labh/j ai)doi=oj
see inhabit

paradi/dwmi e)c i/stamai g., a)fi/stamai g. 31

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
resist (military sense) (general sense)

(a thing) resolute, persistent resort to, have recourse to resources respite responsible for rest of, the rest (verb) ( =keep quiet) restore ( = give back) ( =rebuild) (from exile) restrain result (noun) (verb) return (verb) (tr.) (verb) (int r.)

a)mu/nomai , a)nqi/stamai d., a)nte/xw d. e)nantio/omai d. kartere/w pro/j a. kartero/j, i)sxuro/j tre/pomai ei)j paraskeuh/, a)formh/ (or plural), ta\ u(pa/rxonta a)na/paula ai/)tioj g. o( a/)lloj, o( loipo/j (e.g. o( a/)lloj strato/j ) a)napau/omai (als o = halt) h(suxa/zw a)podi/dwmi e)panorqo/w kata/gw kate/xw, ei/)rgw, kwlu/w te/loj n., to\ geno/menon, to\ sumbebhko/j sumbai/nein, e)kbai/nein, a)pobai/nein a)podi/dwmi , a)ntidi/dwmi ( = to repay) e)pane/rxomai , h(/kw, kate/rxomai (from exile) dhlo/w, a)podei/knumi , a)pofai/nw, mhnu/w (reveal a
secret)

reveal revenge (noun) take revenge reverse (noun) review (noun) (verb) in words, relate revile revolt (noun) (verb) revolution (political) make a revolution reward (noun) (verb) riches rid of, get riddle ride right (horse, etc.) (in carriage, etc.) ( =fair, just) ( = correct, genuine)

timwri/a timwre/omai/ tina/ tinoj (take vengeance on one for a
thing)

the right hand it is right I think right rightly rise ( = get up) (of the sun)

h(=tta, ptai=sma n. e)ce/tasij e)ceta/zw e)chge/omai loidore/w, prophlaki/zw, o)neidi/zw d., u(bri/zw a)po/stasij a)fi/stamai newterismo/j newteri/zw dw=ron (prize), misqo/j (pay) xa/rin a)podi/dwmi d. plou=toj (ploute/w ), eu)pori/a a)palla/ssomai g. ai/)nigma n. (ai)ni/ssomai ) e)lau/nw, i(ppeu/w fe/romai di/kaioj o)rqo/j h( decia/ (cf. on the right e)n decia|=) prosh/kei , pre/pei a)cio/w a)lhqw=j, o)rqw=j, ei)ko/twj ( = reasonably) a)ni/stamai a)nate/llein

32

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
(in revolt ) (noun) everything run a risk (verb) (tr.) rivalry rob rock (noun) roll (tr.) (intr.) room rough ( =harsh, rugged) ( =hard, stern) rouse rout (noun) (verb) rub ruin rule (noun) (verb) noun) (verb) as a rule

risk

ruler run away short ( = fail) at a run rush (int r.) into sacred sack (a city, etc.) safely come safely to safety sail (noun) sally, sortie forth (verb) same time, at the (adv.) satisfactory satisfied, I am satisfied with, I am satisfy (please) savage, fierce, wild saying, proverb, maxim scarcely, barely, with difficulty scarcity scatter

e)pani/stamai d. ki/ndunoj diakinduneu/w kinduneu/w paraba/llomai filoneiki/a (filoneike/w, filo/neikoj) mostly in a bad sense a)faire/omai (tina/ or tini/ ti), sula/w ( tina/ ti) pe/tra kulinde/w kulinde/omai oi/)khma n. traxu/j sklhro/j e)gei/rw (awaken), parocu/nw, e)pai/rw troph/ tre/pw, ei)j fugh\n kaqi/sthmi tri/bw o)/leqroj a)po/llumi , diafqei/rw, kaqaire/w a)rxh/, kra/toj n. (might, mastery) a/)rxw g., krate/w g. (hold the mastery over) w(j e)pi\ to\ polu/ a/)rxwn, despo/thj, ku/rioj ( = lord of) tre/xw a)podidra/skw e)llei/pw dro/m% o(rma/w, fe/romai ei)spi/ptw ei)j i(ero/j porqe/w, l$/zomai a)kindu/nwj, a)sfalw=j (or use adj.) sw/|zomai ei)j or pro/j swthri/a, a)sfa/leia i(sti/on e)kdromh/ e)ktre/xw, e)pece/rxomai a(/ma (als o preposition + d. ' at the saine tirne as ') e)pith/deioj, i(kano/j (or us e kata\ nou=n) a)rkei= moi ste/rgw a., a)gapa/w d., a)re/skomai d. a)re/skw d. ba/rbaroj, a/)grioj paroimi/a mo/lij, mo/gij spa/nij, e/)ndeia skeda/nnumi , diaskeda/nnumi

33

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
scattered scholar school go to school schoolmaster, teacher scot-free, come off let off scot-free sea, open fight put to sea on the open sea I am supreme by sea search, seek seashore season seated, I am secret (adj.) secretly secure (adj) (verb)( = obtain) ( =seize, occupy) ( = make safe) ( = win, gain over) security, safety sedition see to it that seem seize selfish self-respect, self-control self-sufficient self-willed sell senate -house senator send away for word round sense, good senses, to be in one's sensible, prudent separate (verb) (tr.)

diesparme/noj, diespasme/noj maqhth/j didaskalei=on ei)j didaska/lou foita/w dida/skaloj a)qw|=oj (a)zh/mioj) a)palla/ttw(or passive) a)qw=|o/n tina pari/hmi pe/lagoj n. naumaxi/a ( naumaxe/w) ana/gomai mete/wroj qalassokrate/w zhte/w, e)reuna/w ai)gialo/j, a)kth/ w/(ra ka/qhmai a)po/rrhtoj, krupto/j la/qra, kru/fa, kru/bdhn be/baioj, a)sfalh/j kta/omai kate/xw, katalamba/nw bebaio/w peripoie/omai , prospoie/omai swthri/a, a)sfa/leia, bebaio/thj sta/sij o(ra/w, skope/w ( = examine, contemplate, take heed), ble/pw ( = look, behold) e)pime/lomai , fronti/zw (both with o/(pwj and fut.
indicative) doke/w, fai/nomai

lamba/nw, a(rpa/zw (s natch up), a)ntilamba/nomai g.
(take hold f)

pleone/kthj (pleonekte/w, pleoneci/a) swfrosu/nh au)ta/rkhj au)qa/dhj pwle/w (parts a)podw/somai , a)pedo/mhn, pe/praka) boulh/ bouleuth/rion bouleuth/j (bouleu/w) pe/mpw, a)poste/llw (send on a mission) a)pope/mpw, a)fi/hmi (dismiss) metape/mpomai a. periagge/llw eu)bouli/a, gnw/mh eu)= fronei=n fro/nimoj, sw/frwn, eu/)bouloj xwri/zw, diaire/w, diaspa/w

34

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
(verb) (int r.) separately serious ( = earnest) servant serve serve ( = pay court to, attend to) (one's country) (as a slave) (as a soldier) Passive of diakri/nw or a)palla/ssw xwri/j, di/xa

spoudai=oj (spoudh/, spouda/zw) oi)ke/thj, u(phre/thj qerapeu/w eu)ergete/w, w)fele/w u(phrete/w d., douleu/w strate u/omai u(phresi/a, qerapei/a (especially to the gods), eu)ergesi/a, xa/rij, w)fe/leia (benefit, favour), stratei/a
(military) ti/qhmi ,

service set ( =set up) (tr.) (as a task) one's heart on at naught foot on over, put in command of sail out (by land) ( = appoint) set (intr.) (of the sun, etc.) settle (tr.) ( =arrange, establish) ( = colonize) ( = manage) ( = decide a matter) (intr.) severally severe, harsh severe measures against, take shame (noun) (verb) (tr.) I feel shame, am ashamed shameful shameless share (noun)

(verb) shipwreck suffer shipwreck shirk, shrink from short of, fall in short shout (noun) (verb)

i/(sthmi , a)ni/sthmi proti/qhmi (ti/ tini ) w(/rmhmai e)pi/ a., e)fi/esqai g. par' ou)de\n ti/qemai (poiou=mai ) e)pibai/nw g. e)fi/sthmi ( tina/ tini ) a)na/gomai , ai)/rw, a)pai/rw a)forma/omai kaqi/sthmi du=nai (du/w ) kaqi/sthmi katoiki/zw, kti/zw dioike/w diakri/nw, diati/qhmi , dialu/w e)noiki/zomai d., e)noike/w kaq e(/kaston, w(j e(/kastoi traxu/j, sklhro/j new/tero/n ti poiei=n ei)j ai)dw/j f., ai)sxu/nh ai)sxu/nw ai)sxu/nomai ai)sxro/j a)naidh/j me/roj n., moi=ra (portion, lot) metadi/dwmi (tini/ tinoj), koinwne/w (tini/ tinoj) mete/xw g., metalamba/nw g.
see wreck

show oneself brave, etc, bravery, etc,

nauage/w o)kne/w, a)pokne/w (a. or inf.) braxu/j e)llei/pw g., lei/pomai g. o/(lwj, a(plw=j boh/, kraugh/, qo/ruboj boa/w fai/nw, dhlo/w, dei/knumi e)auto\n a)ndrei=on pare/xein th\n a)reth\n e)pidei/knusqai

35

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
shut in side, neither on every side from every side on the side of with (verb) siege lay siege to take by siege raise a siege sight of, catch lose sight of signal (noun) (verb) (adj.)

silence keep silence silently, in silence silver (noun) (adj.) similar nearly similar similarly simple ( =single) ( = foolish) simplicity (guilelessness) simply sing sister sit down before (besiege) situated skilful, skilled skill skirmish (verb) (noun) sky, heaven slander (verb) (noun) slaughter (verb) (noun) slavery sleep (verb) (noun) sleepless sling (noun)

kl$/w, e)mfra/ttw (block up) e)gkl$/w, katei/rgw ou)de/teroi pantaxh=, pantaxou= pantaxo/qen pro/j g. frone/w ta/ tinoj, eu)noikw=j diakei=sqai pro/j, rosti/qemai d. poliorki/a poliorke/w e)kpoliorke/w poliorki/aj a)ni/stamai kaqora/w a. a)pokru/ptw a. shmei=on, su/nqhma n. shmai/nw (give the signal for) a. lampro/j sigh/, siwph/ siga/w, siwpa/w sig$= a/)rguroj, a)rgu/rion (silver coin) a)rgurou=j o(moi=oj paraplh/sioj o(moi/wj, w(sau/twj a(plou=j eu)h/qhj eu)h/qeia a(plw=j, a)texnw=j (absolutely), ou)de\n a)/llo h)/ #)/dw a)delfh/ kaqi/zomai or kaqe/zomai proskaqe/zomai kei/menoj e)pisth/mwn, e/)mpeiroj (ex perienced), decio/j, deino/j te/xnh, e)pisth/mh (knowledge), e)mpeiri/a (experience) a)kroboli/zomai a)krobolismo/j ou)rano/j diaba/llw diabolh/ sfa/zw or sfa)ttw sfagh/ doulei/a (or to\ douleu/ein) katadarqa/nw ( = go to), kaqeu/dw (I am asleep) u/(pnoj a/)grupnoj (noun a)grupni/a) sfendo/nh 36

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
(verb) slinger slip, let ( = stumble) away sloth, idleness slow slowly smell (verb) (tr.) smile smoke (noun) smooth so, not even and so (such and such) called to speak soft ( = gentle, effeminate) solemn somehow or other sometimes soon sothe sorrow sorry, I am sorts of, all sound (noun) (verb) source of South space, plenty of lack of space leave a space spare speak a language Greek in public against well (ill) of spear spend (money) spirit (time) ( = soul) ( = ardour) ( = intention) ( =divine power)

sfendona/w sfendonh/thj pari/hmi , a)fi/hmi ptai/w u(pece/rxomai a)rgi/a (a)rge/w, a)rgo/j), r(#qumi/a ( r(#qume/w, r(#/qumoj) bradu/j sxolv= a)sfrai/nomai g. meidia)w kapno/j lei=oj, o(malo/j (level) ou)d' w(/j o( dei=na (tou= dei=noj, t%= dei=ni ) lego/menoj, kalou/menoj w/j e/)poj ei)pei=n malako/j (malaki/a, malaki/zomai ) semno/j o(pwsdh/pote e)ni/ote ta/xa, ou) dia\ makrou= (pollou= ), di' o)li/gou prau/+nw, paramuqe/omai (console)
see grief

metame/lomai (with participle or g. rei) metame/lei moi (with participle or g. rei) pantoi=oj, pantodapo/j fwnh/, fqo/ggoj, yo/foj (din) fqe/ggomai use ai/)tioj meshmbri/a, no/toj (south wind) eu)ruxwri/a stenoxwri/a dialei/pw fei/domai g. le/gw glw=ssan i/(hmi ((E(llhni/zw dhmhgore/w kathgore/w g. ( = charge), a)ntile/gw d. ( = oppos e) eu)/ (kaka\) le/gw a. do/ru (g. do/ratoj) n. a)nali/skw, dapana/w dia/gw, diatri/bw yuxh/ fro/nhma n., qumo/j dia/noia dai/mwn 37

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
spite splendid spoil (noun) (verb) ( =plunder)

( = damage) spot, on the spring ( = well) spring (verb) ( =arise) ( =leap)

spur of the moment, on the squadron (of horse or ships ) (of soldiers) squander stake (verb) (tr.) ( =hazard) be at stake stand (tr.) (intr.) still by ( = abide by ) ( =help) one's ground in the way of, oppose start ( = set out) ( =begin) ( =set up) ( = endure)

fqo/noj, e)ph/reia ( = spiteful abuse) lampro/j, eu)preph/j, kalo/j lei/a sula/w, porqe/w, l$/zomai diafqei/rw au)tou=, paraxrh=ma (of time) krh/nh, phgh/ (=source) gi/gnomai phda/w, a(/llomai e)k tou= paraxrh=ma te/loj n. ta/cij, lo/xoj
see spend

state, I am in a certain statesman statue (of a man) (of a god) steadfast I am steadfast steal (tr.) a march on ( =anticipate) away (intr.) steep still ( = however) ( = and yet) stoutly (vigorously) maintain stoutly strait (noun) strange stranger (noun) strength strengthen ( = confirm) ( =encourage) strictly ( =exactly)

paraba/llomai , kinduneu/w peri/ g. kinduneu/esqai (passive) i(((((((/sthmi a)ne/xomai , u(pome/nw i(/)(((((stamai h(suxa/zw e)mme/nw d. pari/stamai d. u(pome/nw, u(fi/stamai e)nantio/omai d., a)nqi/stamai d. a)forma/omai a/)rxomai (g. of nouns; participle of verbs) e/)xw (with adv.), dia/keimai (with adv.) su/mbouloj, o( politeuo/menoj a)ndria/j (-a/ntoj) a/)galma n. be/baioj, kartero/j kartere/w kle/ptw fqa/nw a. u(pece/rxomai o/)rqioj, prosa/nthj, a)po/krhmnoj, krhmnw/dhj e/)ti o/(mwj kai/toi e)rrwme/nwj dii+sxuri/zomai porqmo/j, ta\ stena deino/j, qaumasto/j, kaino/j ce/noj i))))))))sxu/j (f.), rw/mh rw/nnumi (mostly perf. pass. = I am strong) bebaio/w qarsu/nw a)kribw=j 38

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
( =expressly) strife strike with fear with a missile strive ( = exert myself) ( =contend) strive after, aim at strong I am strong stronghold struggle (noun) without a struggle (verb) stubborn, self-willed study ( =learn) ( = practise) ( = examine) (noun) stumble, slip stupid subdue subjects subject to subjugate submit (intr.) to ( = endure) succeed (of persons) (of things) ( = come next) (e.g., in office) success without success sudden suddenly suffer (see endure and allow) suffice sufficient suicide, commit suitable summarily summon sun superior I am superior supper

diarrh/dhn e/)rij, diafora/, sta/sij (faction) tu/ptw, pai/w, krou/w e)kplh/ssw ba/llw spouda/zw, diatei/nomai a)gwni/zomai , a(milla/omai mete/rxomai, e)fi/emai g., o)re/gomai g. me/gaj, i)sxuro/j, dunato/j (powerful), kartero/j (of
defenses ).

i)))))))))sxu/w, e/)rrwmai e/)ruma n., xwri/on a)gw/n, a(/milla a)maxei/, a)koniti/ a)gwni/zomai , a)milla/omai au)qa/dhj (au)qadi/zomai , au)qa/deia) manqa/nw a)ske/w, e)pithdeu/w, meleta/w e)ceta/zw, skope/w ma/qhma n., meleth/ ptai/w, sfa/llomai a)maqh/j, a)fuh/j, mw=roj ( =foolish) katastre/fomai , xeiro/omai , )e)kpoliorke/w (by siege) oi( u(ph/kooi u(ph/kooj g., u(poxei/rioj d. katastre/fomai , u(p' e)mautw=| poie/omai
see yield

a)ne/xomai , u(pome/nw, u(fi/stamai katorqo/w (e/)n tini, peri/ ti, peri) tinoj) proxwrei=n e)pigi/gnomai diade/xomai (d. pers.) eu)tuxi/a (good fort une), eu(pragi/a a/)praktoj a)prosdo/khtoj (unexpected), ai)fni/dioj a/)fnw, e)cai/fnhj, e)c a)prosdokh/tou pa/sxw, talaipwre/omai (or act) (suffer ardship), a)dike/omai (suffer wrong) a)rke/w d. i)))))))))kano/j e)mauton bia/zomai e)pith/deioj e)n kefalai/%, w(j sunelo/nti ei)pei=n kale/w, parakale/w, metape/mpomai h(/lioj krei/sswn diafe/rw g. dei=pnon 39

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
take supper suppliant I am a suppliant supplies get supplies supply (noun) (verb) support ( = maintain, feed) oneself, make a living suppose ( = assume) ( =think) I suppose ( =perhaps)

deipne/w i)))))))))ke/thj i)))))))))keteu/w ta\ e)pith/deia, ta\ siti/a e)pisiti/zomai po/roj pare/xw ( ti/ tini )
see help

supreme I am supreme sure, I am sure ( = trustworthy) ( = clear) surmise, guess, conjecture surpass surprise (tr.) surprised, I am surrender (tr.) (intr.) ( =dismay) ( =come upon)

surround with a wall survive suspect suspicion swear by falsely sweet ( = pleas ant) to the taste swim sympathetic sympathize with sympathy table take (catch, seize) (a town etc.) (a person) advantage of alive by surprise by assault

(a person) (a cause)

tre/fw bioteu/w u(polamba/nw oi/)omai , nomi/zw, h(ge/omai dh/pou, oi)=mai ku/rioj, au)tokra/twr krate/w eu(= (safw=j ) oi)=da, pe/peismai (I am onvinced) pisto/j, be/baioj safh/j ei)ka/zw, doca/zw, tekmai/romai diafe/rw g., proe/xw g., perigi/gnomai g., (u(perba/llw e)kplh/ssw katalamba/nw qauma/zw paradi/dwmi e)mauto\n paradi/dwmi , e)ndi/dwmi kuklo/w (or middle) periteixi/zw perigi/gnomai (e)k) u(popteu/w, u(ponoe/w u(poyi/a o)/mnumi o)/mnumi or e)po/mnumi a. e)piorke/w h(du/j gluku/j ne/w eu/)nouj, eu)menh/j sunalge/w d., suna/xqomai d., sullupe/omai d. ta/ tinoj frone/w or ai(re/omai eu/)noia, eu)me/neia tra/peza lamba/nw, ai(re/w ai(re/w (passive a(li/skomai ) a/)gw xra/omai d. zwgre/w katalamba/nw bi/# (kata\ kra/toj) ai)re/w 40

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
care of hold of off clothes over part in pity on place pride in the field to flight up arms talk about, discuss nonsense taste (verb) tax, tribute teacher tear(noun) toll temper ( = anger) ( = mood) temperance temperate terms (conditions of agreement) on these terms come to terms be on friendly terms terrify testify, bear witness testimony ( =proof) thank (tr.) there think, consider thirsty, I am threat en throw away down arms time of day right time for a time at the time of about the time of at the same time for the time being in the time of

e)pimele/omai g. lamba/nomai g., a)ntilamba/nomai g. a)podu/omai , e)kdu/omai paralamba/nw mete/xw g. oi)ktei/rw a. gi/gnesqai kallwpi/zomai d., semnu/nomai e)pi/ + d. strateu/omai , e)pece/rxomai e)j fugh\n kaqi/stamai po/lemon ai/)romai , o/(pla )a)nalamba/nw diale/gomai peri/ + g, lhre/w, lale/w, fluare/w geu/omai g. fo/roj
see master

da/kru n. le/gw, e)chge/omai (tell at length), fra/zw o)rgh/ tro/poj metrio/thj, swfrosu/nh, )e)gkra/teia (self control) me/trioj, sw/frwn, e)gkrath/j lo/goi e)pi tou/toij sumbai/nw eu)noikw=j diakei=sqai pro/j, dia\ fili/aj i)e/nai d. e)kplh/ssw marture/w ( ti/ tini ) marturi/a tekmh/rion xa/rin oi)=da (e/)xw ) (d. pers.) e)kei=, e)ntau=qa nomi/zw, h(ge/omai , oi/)omai (suppose), doke/w (1
think that I am, 1 am thought to be)

diya/w a)peile/w ( tini/ or ti/ tini ) ba/llw, ri/ptw a)poba/llw, a)porri/ptw, proi/emai (= abandon, sacrifice) o/(pla a)fi/hmi xro/noj w(/ra (hour) kairo/j te/wj para/ a., e)pi/ g. u(po/ a., kata/ a. a(/ma e)n tw|= paro/nti e)pi/ g. 41

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
what time? waste time timely, opportunely tired, I am to and fro today tomorrow together, all (in a crowd) too late too much top, crest top of, the touch touch at ( = put in at) tow, take in trade (noun) (verb) trader train traitor trample transgress treachery treasure treasury, public treat ( =handle, manage) well (ill) with, negotiate with trial (judicial) I am on trial bring to trial trial of, make tribe triumph (noun) over (verb) trouble (verb) about troublesome truce, armistice make a truce trumpet trumpeter trustwort hy try (judicial) tumult, turmoil, confusion turn (tr.) (intr.)

phni/ka; diatri/bw kai/rioj a)poka/mnw, a)pagoreu/w (esp. in perfect a)pei/rhka) a/)nw ka/tw (= up and down) th/meron au/)rion a)qro/oj (usually plural) a)ye/ a/)gan korufh/ use adj. a/)kroj (e. g. e)p' a/)kroijtoi=j krhmnoi=j ) a/)ptomai g. sxei=n (or prossxei=n) ei)j a)nadou/menoj e(/lkw e)mpori/a, e)rgasi/a e)mporeu/omai , e)rga/zomai e/)mporoj paideu/w (tr. ), a)ske/w (tr. and intr.) (also = practise) prodo/thj katapate/w parabai/nw prodosi/a qhsauro/j to\ koino/n, to\ dhmo/sion metaxeiri/zw (and middle), xra/omai d., diati/qhmi eu(= (kakw=j) poie/w a. pra/ttw d. or pro/j + a. a)gw/n, di/kh, kri/sij feu/gw, kri/nomai ei)sa/gw (ei)j dikasth/rion) peira/omai g., a)popeira/omai g. e/)qnoj n., fu=lon ni/kh krate/w g., tropai=on i(/sthmi g. or kata + g. or a)po/ + g. pra/gmata pare/xw d., e)noxle/w d. spouda/zw peri/ g., spoudh\n poie/omai peri/ g. dusxerh/j, du/skoloj, luphro/j, kalepo/j ai( spondai/, a)nokwxh/, e)kexeiri/a spe/ndomai sa/lpigc (-iggoj f.) salpigkth/j a)cio/pistoj, pisto/j kri/nw, dika/zw, ei)j kri/sin kaqi/sthmi qo/ruboj, taraxh/ tre/pw, stre/fw use passive and middle of tre/pw, stre/fw

42

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
away from (intr.) out, result round (intr.) back (intr.) ugly unaccustomed unanimously unarmed unawares, off one's guard ( = doubt ful) ( = unreliable) unconstitutional undefeated understand undertake ( =promise, agree to) undoubtedly undress undying, everlasting unexpected unfort unate unfort unately unguarded unimpaired, uninjured unknown to unparalleled unpleasant unpopular, I am unprepared unprofitable unreasonably unrighteous unscrupulous unsuccessful untimely untrustworthy unwilling unworthy upbraid uncertain

a)potre/pomai (e)k ) a)pobai/nein, sumbai/nein, ) e)kbai/nein peristre/fomai , u(postre/fw a)postre/fomai ai)sxro/j, duseidh/j a)hqh/j mi/# gnw/m$, su/mpantej a/)oploj a)prosdo/khtoj (or use lanqa/nw + participle) a)safh/j, a/)dhloj sfalero/j para/nomoj a)h/sshtoj suni/hmi , e)nnoe/w, e)pi/stamai e)pixeire/w d., u(fi/stamai (a. rei or fut. inf.), metaxeiri/zomai , a)ntilamba/nomai g. u(pisxne/omai , e)pagge/llomai dhlono/ti
see take off clothes

a)i/=dioj a)prosdo/khtoj, a)ne/lpistoj dustuxh/j, a)tuxh/j dustuxw=j, kak$= tu/x$ a)fu/laktoj a)sfalh/j, a)ke/raioj a)gnw/j (- w=toj) kru/fa g., la/qra g. ou)de/ni e)oikw/j (i.e. 'like none'), ou)de/noj e)la/sswn a)hdh/j, dusxerh/j, luphro/j a)pexqa/nomai d. a)para/skeuoj a)lusitelh/j ou)k ei)ko/twj, para\ to\ ei)ko/j (improbably) a/)dikoj, a)sebh/j ( = impious) panou=rgoj (knavish), ponhro/j a/)praktoj (of persons ), a)telh/j (of things) a/)kairoj a/)pistoj a/)kwn a)na/cioj loidore/w, ye/gw ( tina\ peri/ tinoj) keleu/w, pei/qw (persuade), protre/pw (induce), e)corma/w, e)potru/nw (both = incite), i)))sxuri/zomai (
= insist in argument xra/omai d.

urge use up ( =spend) usual as usual

a)nali/skw ei)wqw/j (-o/toj) w(j e)pi\ to\ polu/ (for the most part)

43

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
utmost, extreme utter (verb) (t r.) utterly vain ( = ineffectual) in vain valuable value (verb) highly vanguard vanity, pride vehement, violent, excessive venal vengeance take vengeance venture to vex vexed, I am vie with vigorous, strong vigorously village villain violence use violence violent visit voluntarily vote (noun) (verb) for voyage wages wait ( =delay) for lie in wait wake (tr.) (intr.) walk wander want (noun) (verb) ( =be deficient in) ( =desire, require)

e/)sxatoj fqe/ggomai , a)fi/hmi pantelw=j (wholly), panta/pasi , kat' a/)kraj (of
destruction)

ma/taioj ma/thn, a/)llwj ti/mioj, polutelh/j (c ostly) tima/w peri\ pollou= poie/omai oi( prw=toi u/(brij, u(perhfani/a sfodro/j dwrodo/koj (dwrodoki/a, dwrodoke/w) timwri/a timwre/omai (tina) tinoj)
see risk

tolma/w wit h inf. lupe/w, e)noxle/w d. a/)xqomai , lupe/omai , a)nia/omai , a)ganakte/w, dusxerai/nw (all + d.) a(milla/omai d. i)))))))sxuro/j, drasth/rioj (= energetic) e)rrwme/nwj, i)sxurw=j, spoud$= kw/mh
see wicked, unscrupulous

bi/a bia/zomai ( new/tero/n ti poiei=n ei)j use violence
against)

bi/aioj foita/w para/ a. use e)kw/n yh=foj f., yh/fisma n. (decree) yhfi/zomai , xeirotone/w yhfi/zomai a. or inf. plou=j misqo/j me/nw tri/bw, me/llw, e)pe/xw prosde/xomai a., perime/nw a., thre/w a. ( = watch for) e)fedreu/w d. e)gei/rw e)gei/romai badi/zw plana/omai e/)ndeia, a)pori/a, spa/nij de/omai g., a)pore/w g., spani/zw g. e)llei/pein g. e)piqume/w, e)fi/emai , a)re/gomai (all + g.)

44

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
wanting, deficient war, wage make war declare war resort to war put an end to war ward off from myself ( = repel) warn ( =admonish) waste ( = tell beforehand) ( = ravage) ( = plunder) ( = throw away ) money watch time ( =guard) ( =behold)

for way (road, path) of life in the way out of the way give way (yield) in every way in this way weak wealt h wear (clothes, etc.) wear out (tr. ) weary, I am welcome well (noun) well-bred -disposed -governed white wicked wickedness wild will, good ill-will willingly (receive hospitably) ( =greet)

e)ndeh/j, e)lliph/j g. poleme/w d., po/lemon poie/omai pro/j po/lemon e)pife/rw d. po/lemon katagge/llw ei)j po/lemon kaqi/stamai po/lemon katalu/omai (or active) a)mu/nw (ti/ tini) a)mu/nomai a. paraine/w d., nouqete/w prole/gw d. d$o/w, te/mnw, porqe/w a)rpa/zw, sula/w, l$/zomai proi/emai dapana/w, a)nali/skw diatri/bw fula/ssw, froure/w, thre/w qea/omai , qewre/w thre/w a., fula/ssw a. o(do/j f., a)trapo/j f. di/aita e)mpodw/n e)kpodw/n u(poxwre/w, paraxwre/w, ei/)kw pantax$= or pantaxw=j tau/t$ a)sqenh/j (a)sqe/neia, a)sqene/w)
see riches

( =gladly)

( = voluntarily) win ( =obtain) ( = get for ones elf) a law case over

fore/w katatri/bw, e)ktruxo/w (of persons) a)poka/mnw, talaipwre/omai u(pode/xomai a)spa/zomai fre/ar n. eu)genh/j, gennai=oj eu/)nouj eu)nomo/menoj leuko/j kako/j, ponhro/j, moxqhro/j kaki/a, ponhri/a, moxqhri/a a/)grioj eu/)noia (eu/)nouj) dusme/neia (dusmenh/j) a)sme/nwj, proqu/mwj, h(de/wj e)kw/n kta/omai peripoie/omai , fe/romai , eu(ri/okomai di/khn ai(re/w prosa/gomai 45

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM
wish, it is my wishes of, against the withdraw withstand witness (lead away) (tr.) ( =retire) (intr. ) ( = behold) ( = evidence) (noun)

a witness I bear wit ness I call to witness wonder, wonder at wonderful wonderfully word, in a pass round word pass word along ( = pledge) work (verb) (in(r.) world ( =inhabited earth) ( = the universe) in this world in the next world where in the world? wors hip wort hless (of a god) (a person) (of persons)

moi boulome/n% e)sti/n use a)kw/n adj. unwilling a)pa/gw a)naxwre/w, u(poxwre/w, u(pece/rxomai (secretly) a)nqi/stamai d., a)nte/xw d., u(pomenw qe/aomai , qewre/w marturi/a ma/rtuj (-uroj ) marture/w martu/romai qauma/zw tr. or intr. qaumasto/j, qauma/sioj qaumasi/wj (c f. qaumasi/wj w(jdeino/j = wonderfully
clever)

(of things) wound (noun) (verb) wreck (of a ship) wretched wrong (morally) I am wrong yearn, yearn for yesterday yet ( =still) ( =however) and yet not yet never yet yield (tr.) (intr.) young youth ( =young man) ( = time of) zeal

o/(lwj, a(plw=j, w(j sunelo/nti eipei=n periagg e/llw paragge/llw pi/stij e)rga/zomai , pone/w h( oi)koume/nh, h( gh= o( ko/smoj e)nqa/de e)kei= pou= gh=j; se/bomai proskune/w fau=loj, ponhro/j, ou)de/noj a/)cioj a)xrei=oj trau=ma n. traumati/zw, titrw/skw (ta) naua/gia (nauage/w = I suffer shipwreck)
see miserable

a/)dikoj (a)diki/a,a)dike/w tr. and intr. ) a(marta/nw ( = I make a mistake) poqe/w tr. and intr., e)piqume/w g. xqe/j (cf. xqe\j kai\ prw/hn yesterday or the day before) e/)ti me/ntoi , o/(mwj kai/toi ou/)pw ( mh/pw ) ou)depw/pote etc. paradi/dwmi ei/)kw, u(pei/kw, e)ndi/dwmi ne/oj neani/aj h/(bh, h(liki/a spoudh/ (spoudai=oj, spouda/zw) proqumi/a (pro/qumoj, proqume/omai ) 46

GREEK VOCABULARY AND IDIOM

47


								
To top