Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

Mainstreaming Disaster risk Reduction in Development Programme by mrsafety987

VIEWS: 80 PAGES: 4

									                                                  Osaka          University             GLOCOL




                                                  JICA    2007                Course:            Seminar   on   Sustainable   Human   Security   and   Capacity   Development




                               Action Research Plan

           Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction
                in Development Programme
              (Policy, Legal and Regulatory Framework
                       and Institutional System)

                  Moris Nuaimi (moris@bappenas.go.id)
               Directorate for Special Area and Backward Region,
             Deputy for Regional Development and Local Autonomy,
                  Ministry of National Development Planning/
              National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)
                              Republic of Indonesia


Background
Due to its geographical characteristics, Indonesia has been facing disaster threat ranging
from geological hazards, hydro-meteorological hazards, biological hazards,
environmental degradation to technological hazards. On the other hand, most of local
governments and societies are lacking of capacity and understanding on disaster risk
reduction. The country is vulnerable to a high level of seismic activity due to its location
at the intersection of three plates with much of this activity just offshore under the sea
bringing added risks of tsunamis. Added to this is the fact that there are over 5,000
rivers, 30% of which pass through high density population centers and regularly cause
floods- the most commonly recurring natural development process.
The policy, legal or regulatory framework is not fully in place that makes disaster risk
reduction a normal part of the decentralized, local level development process. The real
backbone of disaster risk reduction is development at local levels that takes into account
disaster risks faced by that community – a condition that is not currently common in
Indonesia.

Strategic Approach
The strategic approach of the programme is:
1. To establish disaster risk reduction policy, legal and regulatory framework integrated
   with the development decision making process at national, provincial and district
   levels
2. To establish and strengthen institutional systems that support decentralized disaster
   risk reduction integrated with local planning process through strengthened
   institutional partnerships, crisis management systems, knowledge sharing networks,
   DRR enhanced education programmes, formalized professional development and
   educational programmes and access to information system

Current Results from Activities of November and December 2007
The activities during the first two-month of programme implementation have been
focused on rapid assessment as the basis for preparing proposed pilot project regions
and priority activities to be implemented in 2008 onward. The activities are as follows:
1. Identification of existing program and/or activities on DRR executed by
    Ministries/Central Agencies to synergize with proposed activities of the SC-DRR
2. Assessment on the Readiness of Province and Local Governments on Disaster
    Management
3. Recommendations on pilot project regions and priority activities




                                                                                                                                                                                1/4
                                              Osaka          University             GLOCOL




                                              JICA    2007                Course:            Seminar   on   Sustainable   Human   Security   and   Capacity   Development




Issues on National Policies and Institutions
1. Law 24 of 2007 on Disaster Management issued on 26 April 2007. The law has
   carried out the new perspective on disaster management. The previous perspective of
   disaster management emphasized only on emergency response/relief on disaster.
   The new perspective inserted disaster management not only on emergency response
   but also pre-disaster and post-disaster.
2. Presidential Decree for establishing Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana
   (BNPB) has already signed by President on 26 January 2008. Based on the
   Presidential decree, establishing the structure of BNPB has been started. According
   to Article 83, Law 24 of 2007, the concerned BNPB is supposed to be in existence at
   the latest six months (October 26, 2007) after the enactment of Law 24 of 2007. The
   delay in establishing BNPB will cause delay in setting up Badan Penanggulangan
   Bencana Daerah (BPBD).
3. Inconsistency of Government Regulation (PP) No. 38 of 2007 with Law No. 24 of
   2007, especially on mandatory tasks and non mandatory tasks to be delegated to
   Provincial and Local Governments
4. Inconsistency of Government Regulation (PP) No. 41 of 2007 concerning
   Organization of Regional Government with Law 24 of 2007, especially on the need
   for establishing BPBD
5. Guidelines on Establishing BPBD has not been prepared
6. Coordination among Ministries/Central Agencies on DRR programmes/activities
   needs to be improved

Readiness of Provincial and Local Governments on Disaster Management
1. Based on Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 33 of 2005, all Province and Local
   Government have established ad interim Team for Disaster Management
   (Satkorlak/Satlak) chaired by Governor or Bupati/Walikota.
2. Province/Local Governments which have prepared the Draft of Local Action Plan for
   Disaster Risk Reduction
   a. Province:
   Sumatera Barat, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD), Banten, Jawa Tengah,
   Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), Jawa Timur, Bali dan Nusa Tenggara
   Timur (NTT) ;
   b. Kabupaten/Kota :
   Kab. Kulon Progo, Gunung Kidul, Bantul, Sleman, Kota Yogya, Magelang,
   Boyolali, Ende, Alor, Kota Semarang, Padang Pariaman, Jember, Padang, Serang
3. Province/Local Governments which have prepared the Draft of Perda on Disaster
   Management :
   a. Province of Bali,
   b. Kota Padang
   c. Kabupaten Bogor
   d. Kabupaten Semarang
4. Province/Local Governments which will prepare the Draft of Perda on Disaster
   Management in 2008 :
   a. Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT)
   b. Province of Bengkulu,
   c. Propinsi Sumatera Barat,
   d. Province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta,
   e. Province of Jawa Tengah,
   f. Kota Palu.




                                                                                                                                                                            2/4
                                                Osaka          University             GLOCOL




                                                JICA    2007                Course:            Seminar   on   Sustainable   Human   Security   and   Capacity   Development




5. Support of Ministries/Central Agencies on Decentralised Disaster Risk Reduction
   including:
   a. Map of Areas which are Prone to Flood and Landslide Hazards at Local Level by:
      - BMG, Bakosurtanal, Badan Geologi, and Ministry of Public Work
   b. Map of Areas which are Prone to Earthquakes and Zones of Active Fault:
      - BMG, LIPI, Badan Geologi,
   c. Map of Multi Hazards at Province Level through Deconcentration Funds
      from Ministry of Home Afffairs distributed to 11 provinces:
- Sumbar, Sumsel, Jawa Barat, Jateng, Jatim, NTB, NTT, Kalteng,
   Sulut, Maluku, Papua
   d. Installation of Tsunami Early Warning System (TEWS) by
       - BMG, Ristek/BPPT, dan Bakosurtanal
   e. Map of Areas which are Prone to Volcanic Eruption:
       - Center for Volvanology
   f. Training on Hospital Disaster Management by:
      - Ministry of Health
6. Assessment on the Readiness of Local Government on Disaster Management in 14
   Kabupaten/Kota conducted in Aceh Tengah (NAD), Deli serdang (SUMUT),Serdang
   Begadai (SUMUT), Pesisir Selatan (SUMBAR), Rejang Lebong (BENGKULU),
   Magetan (JATIM), Gresik (JATIM), Bangli (BALI), Selayar (SULSEL), Bantaeng
   (SULSEL), Luwu Timur (SULSEL), Alor (NTT), Supiori (BIAK); and the result was:
1. Insufficient Local capacity as most local governments did not include disaster
   management programmes,
2. Inconsistency between local needs and programmes
3. Insufficient budget

Recommended Pilot Project Regions and Priority Activities
Based on rapid assessment, it is recommended that 6 provinces to be selected as pilot
project areas:
1. Province of Sumatra Barat
   Justification: the Province Government of Sumatra Barat has shown their capacity
   on disaster management. According to Earthquake Geologists, the West Coast of
   Sumatera is a hazard prone region as it is located near the subduction zone between
   Indo-Australia Plate and Eurasia Plate. This province is recommended to be selected
   as role model for SC DRR activities.
2. Province of Bengkulu
   Justification: the Province performed insufficient capacity in disaster management
   when it experienced earthquake disaster in 2007. In combination with the fact that it
   is located within the earthquake zone of the West Coast of Sumatra, Bengkulu can be
   categorized as high degree in disaster risk, so then it is recommended that the
   province is selected to receive the SC-DRR beneficiaries.
3. Province of DKI Jakarta
   Justification: Despite the province government has sufficient capacity in response
   regular flood disaster, community preparedness especially at Kelurahan level still
   needs to be enhanced. It is recommended that the Province of DKI Jakarta is selected
   to be supported by the SC-DRR, so that in the near future, it can be used as role
   model by other provinces in disaster risk reduction.
4. Province of DI Yogyakarta
   Justification: (i) It has prepared a Draft of Strategic Plan on Disaster Management,
   (ii) It just experienced earthquake disaster and potentially occurrence of the Merapi




                                                                                                                                                                              3/4
                                                  Osaka          University             GLOCOL




                                                  JICA    2007                Course:            Seminar   on   Sustainable   Human   Security   and   Capacity   Development




   Volcano eruption, (iii) It is supported by qualified government staff, (iv) its society
   showed positive attitude in responding the impacts of disaster.
5. Province of NTT
   Justification: (i) It experienced various type of disasters ranging from earthquake,
   tsunami to drought; (ii) it is categorized as less developed province, (iii) it is highly
   vulnerable to disaster (iv) it represents an archipelagic province
6. Province of Sulawesi Tengah
   Justification: (i) It is located on the dynamic tectonic zone so that it has frequently
   experienced earthquake disasters (ii) it is in the process of spatial planning revision
   to consider disaster risk reduction principles; (iii) it experienced social unrest.

Recommended Priority Activities
1. Support for finalization of Ancillary Regulations of Law 24 of 2007
2. Support for Local Action Plan on Disaster Risk Reduction and its integration into
    development plan
3. Facilitation on Formulation of Guidelines for Establishing Perda on Disaster
    Management and Guidelines for Establishing BPBD
4. Support for Strengthening BNPB
5. Facilitation on Establishment of National Platform and Regional Platform
6. Facilitation on establishment of BPBD in selected provinces
7. Support on formulation of Perda on Disaster Management
8. Facilitation on Establishment of Crises Centres in several Kabupaten/Kota
9. Capacity building of BPBD in selected provinces
10. Developing Risk Maps in several selected regions

Plan for the First Quarter of 2008
The pre-requisite for integrating disaster risk reduction into decentralized development
systems is the establishment of BPBD as mandated by Article 18, Law 24 of 2007. The
establishment of BPBD will rely on the establishment of BNPB. As stated by Article 12,
Law 24 of 2007 that one of the obligations of BNPB is to formulate guidelines for
establishing BPBD. The Presidential Decree for establishing BNPB has been signed on 26
January 2008. According to Law 24 of 2007, the establishment of BNPB was due on
October 26, 2007 and the establishment of BPBD will be due on April 26, 2008. It is
expected that BNPB will be established by the end of January 2008. Therefore, among
the recommended priority activities, the followings need to be done at the First Quarter
of 2008:
1. Support on Finalization of Ancillary Regulations of Law 24 0f 2007
2. Facilitation on Formulation of Guidelines for Establishing BPBD and Guidelines for
    Establishing Perda on Disaster Management
3. Facilitation on Formulation of Guidelines for Risk Map Methodology
4. Support for preparing Draft of Perda on Disaster Management
5. Support for Preparing Draft of Local Action Plan on Disaster Risk Reduction




                                                                                                                                                                                4/4

								
To top