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Zhou

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					Religious beliefs
Cultural achievements




Political structure
Basis for civilization
Economics
Geographical boundaries
philosophical basis

Reasons for success/failure

Outstanding feature
Social Scale
                                                      Shang
Shang Ti, was the supreme ruler; highly ritualized, human sacrifices. Worshipped ancestors.
crafting bronze and extensive writing system, domestication of horses, divination, developed a 365 day calendar


King(wang) had absolute control and there was a Monarchy with a bureaucracy of officials,
also served as a head priest,


The basin of the Yellow River-loess-Neolithic farmers settled here. Based on agriculture.
Based on agriculture(Neolithic farmers) and bronze
Bordered by Gobi Dessert, Mongolian Plateau, Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
Philosophy was just starting to from in China during this age
Defeated by the Zhou civilization. Succeeded due to excellent land area


First people in China to have a written language
King, Nobility, peasants (simple & sharp), slaves were used, and there was a very powerful warrior caste.
                                                   Zhou
Banned human sacrifice, worshipped the sun and stars. Practiced the cult of heaven.
Learned the "Art of Jade", used iron, construction of roads and canals


Feudal system,
King cerimoniously awarded land to loyal families,
Lords grew in power and Kings faded into figureheads

Wei River Valley, Loess of yellow river which helped agriculture. Adopted Shang agriculture
agriculture, iron work, and weapons
By basin of the Wei River, a tributary of the Yellow. Surrounded by Gobi desert and the yellow sea with the Yangtze to the south
Confucism and Taoism

Zhou king killed by rebellious lord in the west, abandoned western claims. Chaos and led the Qin to conquer the Zhou states
Began choosing people for government jobs by merit and Great philosophies of China founded here.

Kings, aristocrat, ministers of state, peasants
                                                     Han
Similar to Shang and Zhou in form
Founded the silk road
Emperor,
Non-aristocratic bureaucracy,
Renounced harsh laws of the Qin,
Divided land into smaller areas.


Loess of the Yellow river, peasant’s agricultural products
Agriculture, silk trade, iron, and salts
Borders the Yellow Sea on the Eastern side of China expands to the South China Sea and Vietnam, controlled much of China.
Confucism was the philisophy of the state

wars, slavery and economic bondage to slave class, disorder

invention of paper and combined Confucianism and Legalism
                                   Emperor, nonaristocratic officials, eunuchs, peasants
                                                      Qin
Similar to Shang and Zhou in form
organization and masters with silk and Iron, great road systems
Emperor,
Idea of centralism,
Legalist form of governement,
Countries with a governor,
Former nobility lost power.

Loess of the Yellow River, Yangtze used as well, East China Sea
currency and agriculture
Eastern coast of China. Controlled as far as Hong Kong.
Legalism

Oppressive tactics lead to the downfall

unified weights and measures. The Great Wall of China
Emperor, government officials, peasants

				
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posted:4/29/2013
language:English
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