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Israel Time Travel Jewish civilization and national identity were formed over 3,000 years ago in the land of Israel. For 3,000 years, Jews maintained their presence in the land. Though the majority of Jews were forced to live elsewhere, they always yearned to return. In 1948 the Jews declared statehood in the only Jewish state in the world, naming it Israel. Join us as we travel through time to Israel, a journey of three millenia of struggle and triumphant return. Israel Time Travel: 1850–721 BCE 1850 - 1700 Tribes that would later be known as the Israelites migrate to Canaan, an ancient region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. All three of today’s major monotheistic religions believe Abraham led these tribes and that his descendants, Isaac and Jacob (who is called Israel), were born in Canaan. 1300 - 1200 Israelite settlements multiply in the hills of Canaan. 960 King Solomon expands the Israelite Kingdom and builds the First Temple in Jerusalem. 722 - 721 Assyrians destroy the Northern Kingdom; exiled Jews become known as the “10 lost tribes.” 1000 King David makes Jerusalem the capital of the Israelite Kingdom. Israel Time Travel: 586 BCE–400 CE 586 BCE The Israelites’ Southern Kingdom, Judea, is conquered by the Babylonians. Jerusalem and the First Temple are 63 - 64 CE King Herod’s massive building destroyed; most Jews are exiled to programs turn the Second Babylonia, located in present-day Iraq. Temple into one of the wonders of the ancient world. 66 - 73 CE Jews revolt against the Romans and are defeated. The Romans destroy Jerusalem and the Second Temple and rename the land of Israel “Palestine” in an attempt to insult the Jewish people. 538 - 515 BCE Jews return and rebuild the Temple (Second 135 - 400 CE Temple) following the Jewish life thrives in Galilee and Persian defeat of the Tiberias. The Jerusalem Talmud (an Babylonians. ancient work of Jewish law) is completed in the third or fourth century. Israel Time Travel: 1211–1897 1211 A wave of Jews returns to Palestine, led by 300 prominent rabbis from Europe, and join the Jews already residing in the land. 1520 - 1625 Jews continue returning to Palestine in large numbers, despite increasingly harsh treatment by the Ottoman authorities. 1882 - 1903 Waves of Jewish pioneers immigrate in what is now 1864 called the “First Aliyah.” Jews are the majority once again in their ancient capital, Jerusalem. 1897 Theodor Herzl organizes the First 1882 Zionist Congress, School language inaugurating the programs begin to modern political revive Hebrew as a movement for the spoken language, national liberation a movement of the Jewish spearheaded people and for Jews by Eliezer Ben- worldwide to return Yehuda. Hebrew to Palestine, joining becomes the Jews who already language of the live there. Jews in Palestine. Israel Time Travel: 1917-1949 1947 Jewish population in Palestine reaches 650,000, one-third of the total population. 1917 UN Resolution 181 recommends In its Balfour Declaration, partitioning the British Mandate over Britain declares it favors Palestine into a Jewish state alongside an restoring the Jewish national Arab state. home in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jewish people. 1948 Israel declares statehood. 1939-1945 World War II: Nazi forces 1949 exterminate 6 million Jews, David Ben-Gurion becomes the first two-thirds of European Jewry prime minister of Israel. The first Knesset and almost 40 percent of world (Israeli Parliament) meets. The 120 Knesset Jewry, in the Holocaust. members include three Israeli-Arabs. Israel Time Travel: 1950–1969 1950 The Knesset enacts the Law of Return, fulfilling Israel’s mission to “ingather the exiles” and affirming the right of every Jew to enter the country and acquire citizenship. 1967 Israel successfully defends itself against existential threats from five Arab countries in the Six-Day War. 1951 Operations Ezra and Nechemia: Israel rescues 121,000 persecuted Jews from Iraq, where the Jewish community dates back 2,500 years. 1952 - 1964 As persecution grows in the newly independent North African countries, 240,000 Jews 1969 immigrate to Israel. Golda Meir becomes prime minister of Israel and is the third woman in the world to be a head of state. Israel Time Travel: 1973–1985 1973 Israel successfully defends itself against the surprise Yom Kippur war launched by Egypt and Syria. 1976 The Entebbe Rescue: After terrorists hijack a French plane and hold Jewish passengers hostage, Israeli commandos fly 2,500 miles to Entebbe, Uganda, and rescue the hostages. The feat deals a major blow to international terrorism, electrifies the world, and is memorialized in many movies. 1984 - 1985 Operation Moses rescues 8,000 1979 Ethiopian Jews from Sudan and Peace treaty with Egypt is signed by brings them to Israel. Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, witnessed by U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Israel Time Travel: 1990-1999 1990 Israel launches its first satellite, Amos, becoming one of only eight countries in the world with a satellite program. 1990-1999 Immigration from the former Soviet Union to Israel nears the 1 million mark. 1991 Operation Solomon: Israel rescues 14,200 Ethiopian Jews in 36 hours, bringing them to Israel aboard Israeli aircraft. 1994 King Hussein and Israeli Prime Minister Rabin are at the signing of the 1994 peace treaty between Israel and Jordan, witnessed by U.S. President Bill Clinton. 1993 Oslo Accords are signed with the PLO. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, and U.S. President Bill Clinton are present. Israel Time Travel: 2000-Present 2000 Israel is ranked second in the world, just behind the U.S., in the number of startups and first in the number of startups per capita. 2005 Disengagement from Gaza. 2007 Shimon Peres receives the Nobel Peace Prize. 2006 2010 Gilad Shalit is Israel’s economy expands by 4.5 kidnapped and is still in percent. In contrast, the average captivity today. growth of the 33 other OECD nations, which are characterized as developed countries, is 2.7 percent. 2006 Israel has more companies 2011 listed on NASDAQ than any Initial drilling confirms that a huge gas non-US country. field is off Israel’s Mediterranean shore, 50 miles west of Haifa. Tamar gas field prepares for the first deliveries of gas in 2012.
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